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The Green Belt as a European Ecological Network strengths and gaps

The Green Belt as a European Ecological Network strengths and gaps

Stefanie Maack, Tuuli

Stefanie Maack, Tuuli Veersalu, Henri Järv, Asnate Ziemele CULTURAL HERITAGE PILOT PROJECTS AT THE BALTIC GREEN BELT 4 POTENTIALS FOR SUSTAINABLE COASTEL DEVELOPMENT The two pilot projects presented here chose different assessment procedures for the cultural heritage of the Baltic Green Belt as well as two different contexts in which they were used for regional development: one was a cultural heritage assessment for spatial planning, the other one was development of touristic products. Both individual pilots delivered valuable experience which shows that the European Green Belt initiative offers true potentials for sustainable development of coastal areas: � The EuGB provides a unique selling point for nature tourism: pristine landscapes in combination with cultural heritage. � The EuGB can foster regional cooperation and joint identity by involving people into an initiative of pan-european scope. � The EuGB allows for transnational experience exchange between more than twenty states. For future sustainable development of the cultural heritage along the coast of the Baltic Green Belt we recommend: � to adopt the approach of intense but targeted stakeholder involvement for other local projects by providing external moderation as demonstrated in Latvia � to take over the approach of opening up nature conservation to modern spatial planning needs demonstrated in Estonia � to assess cultural heritage using a methodology that combines spatial planning and tourism development needs � to actively inform decision makers about the values of the heritage at the Green Belt – both cultural and natural. � to maintain and enforce the public discussion about Soviet military heritage by triggering the yet controversial opinions and personal emotions; to use the military heritage topic as a vehicle to inform about the natural value of the Green Belt � to harmonise and strengthen the principles applied in sustainable tourism development at the Green Belt (ecological, economic and social), e.g. by adopting an existing code of conduct for sensitive regions or by adopting the Agora sustainability check for regional tourism development [18] . � to formulate measurable goals and establish monitoring mechanisms for any Green Belt project activities, e.g. within revision of the European Green Belt programme of work 5 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors would like to thank all those actively involved in the assessment of the cultural heritage in Latvia and Estonia or supporting the work described here in any other way. Furthermore, we would like to thank Andreas Sterzel, Erik Sachtleber and Johanna Behn for carrying out and analysing interviews with regional stakeholders of the pilot projects described and providing access to their ongoing analyses. The Baltic Green Belt project is part-financed by the European Union (ERDF) within the Baltic Sea Region Programme. 124

Stefanie Maack, Tuuli Veersalu, Henri Järv, Asnate Ziemele CULTURAL HERITAGE PILOT PROJECTS AT THE BALTIC GREEN BELT REFERENCES [1] Schmiedel, J., W. Günther, J. Smalinskis, C. Burggraf, 2009. Grünes Band, blaues Band (Green belt, blue belt). Natur und Landschaft 84 (9/10), 436-440. [2] Sepp, K., (Ed.), 2011. The Estonian Green Belt, Estonian University of Life Sciences, 96 pp, ISBN 978-9985-9973-7-6. [3] European Environmental Agency, 2010a. 10 messages for 2010 - Coastal ecosystems, European Environmental Agency, Copenhagen, 20 pp. [4] Maack, S., A. Ratkevica, J.Schmiedel & A. Ziemele, 2011. Baltic Green Belt - das Ostseenetzwerk des Europäischen Grünen Bandes (Baltic Green BeltThe Baltic Sea network for the European Green Belt). Jahrbuch für Natur und Landschaft, 58, 56-81 [5] Helsinki Commission, 2010. Towards an ecologically coherent network of well-managed Marine Protected Areas – Implementation report on the status and ecological coherence of the HELCOM BSPA network. Balt. Sea Environ. Proc., 124B, 147 pp. [6] European Environmental Agency, 2010b. The European Environment – State and outlook 2010: Marine and coastal environment. European Environmental Agency, Copenhagen, 55 pp. [7] Saaber, K., 1996. Koguteos Virumaa. (Anthology: Viru county). Lääne-Viru County Government, Ida-Viru County Government, 1996. Pp. 188-189. [8] Protection management plan 2011–2013 of Lahemaa National Park [9] Lõhmus, L., Sapelkov, K., Semm, M., Sepp, K., Järv, H., 2010. Inventory of the shore areas in Estonian Green Belt. Report of inventory results. Estonian University of Life Sciences. 89 pp. [10] General plan of Vihula municipality, Vihula Municipality Government, AS Entec in collaboration with the Ministry of the Environment, 2003 http://www.vihula.ee/index.php?main=772 [11] Strategic Environmental Assessment of Vihula parish comprehensive plan. Report. AS Entec, 2003 http://www.vihula.ee/index.php?main=772 [12] Estonian Government regulation „Lahemaa National Park protection rules“ draft. [13] Strategic Environmental Assessment of the Lääne-Viru county plan: Coastal areas of the Lääne-Viru county . OÜ E-Konsult 2010 http://www2.l-virumv.ee/?id=24019. [14] Nature Conservation Act, approved on 21/04/2004. https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/13342186 [15] Helsinki Commission, 1994. Protection of the Coastal Strip, http://www.helcom.fi/Recommendations/en_GB/rec15_1/_print/ 125

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