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The Green Belt as a European Ecological Network strengths and gaps

The Green Belt as a European Ecological Network strengths and gaps

Proceedings of the 1 st

Proceedings of the 1 st GreenNet Conference, 31 st of Jan. 2012: “The Green Belt as a European Ecological Networkstrengths and gaps” RESEARCHERS DESPERATELY SEEKING STABLE 50-YEAR-OLD LANDSCAPES WITH PATCHES AND LONG, WIDE CORRIDORS Andrew J. Gregory, Paul Beier………………………………………………………………………………….. 87 RIVER RENATURALIZATION AS A STRATEGY FOR ECOLOGICAL NETWORKS Cheryl de Boer, Hans Bressers…………………………………………………………………………………... 96 REVIEW AND GAPS: EUROPEAN ECOLOGICAL NETWORKS IN THE PAST 40 YEARS Kun Zhang……………………………………………………………………………………………………….105 The European Green Belt as Cultural Heritage CULTURAL HERITAGE PILOT PROJECTS AT THE BALTIC GREEN BELT Stefanie Maack, Tuuli Veersalu, Henri Järv, Asnate Ziemele…………………………………………………..115 PERCEPTIBILITY OF THE CULTURAL VALUE OF THE GREEN BELT MONUMENT Andrea Früh……………………………………………………………………………………………………...127

Proceedings of the 1 st GreenNet Conference, 31 st of Jan. 2012: “The Green Belt as a European Ecological Networkstrengths and gaps” INTRODUCTION These are the proceedings of the 1 st scientific conference of the Central Europe project: “GreenNet – Promoting the Ecological Network in the European Green Belt”. GreenNet - scientific conferences 1. The Green Belt as a European Ecological Networkstrengths and gaps 2012 2. Landscape policies and instruments in the partner countries – a benchmark 2013 3. Good examples of landscape action and successful measures 2014 The 1 st scientific conference focused on the European Green Belt as an Ecological Network. The European Green Belt developed from the wasteland of the former death strip along the iron curtain through Europe over decades to a green life line in most areas with a rich and unique biodiversity and cultural heritage. This is a success story. So why is there a project GreenNet? The idea of the GreenNet-project results from the former GREENBELT-project (Interreg III B CADSES). GREENBELT highlighted the ecological most valuable areas. As one result it was recognized, that the gaps in the Green Belt cover more than 50%. These gaps are not protected and are subject to negative effects. Consequently the emphasis of GreenNet lays on developing and re-establishing an Ecological Network, bridging these gaps. An Ecological Network is the aim, but what exactly is meant by an Ecological Network and how do we reach it? What does it include or exclude? During GreenNet project meetings and contacts with stakeholders and interested persons it became obvious, that there are different understandings of “Ecological Networks” and how to start work in the pilot regions. The expression “Babylonian confusion“ was used in this context. A clear definition could help also to work out a methodology for and start working in the pilot regions. So what is it all about: The Ecological Network and of course the GreenNet project: “Promoting the Ecological Network in the European Green Belt”? Is it about pure nature protection? Is it also about sustainable regional development and cultural heritage? Is it about marketing and public relations? Is it about participation? And in which way do we integrate successfully all stakeholders and landowners? How far in the best case will bring us participation? Shouldn´t it also be about a large scale European and national landscape policy and spatial policy (topdown-approach)? And don´t we all use and need the ecosystem services or common benefits of Ecological Networks? Doesn´t it affect all of us, our civil society and our future? It is an honour for us to present you the Proceedings: “The Green Belt as a European Ecological Networkstrengths and gaps” from all over Europe and beyond which will not only give answers to most of the above raised questions but also show their justification. As the theoretical definition (compare for example the articles from Jongman and Zhang) and the practical approach (compare for example the articles from Raderbauer et. al. and de Boer/Bressers) of Ecological Networks changed from a single target to a multifunctional approach in the last decades and years. Besides the importance of land use for biodiversity the articles point out a lot of synergies from Ecological Networks with other fields, for example water management, agriculture, cultural heritage, Natura 2000 and sustainable regional development, society and political issues. 1

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The Green Belt as a European Ecological Network strengths and gaps
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