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Roeder, M. et al. Traits

Roeder, M. et al. Traits and growth of liana regeneration in primary and secondary forests FAO. 2003. Map of world soil resources. FAO, Rome, Italy. [cited 2009 May 25]. Available at: agl/agll/wrb/wrbmaps/htm/soilres.htm. Fukami, T., Bezemer, M.T., Mortimer, S.R. & van der Putten, W. 2005. Species divergence and trait convergence in experimental plant community assembly. Ecology Letters 8: 1283–1290. Garwood, N.C. 1996. Functional morphology of tropical tree seedlings. In: Swaine, M.D. (ed.) The ecology of tropical tree seedlings. pp. 59–129. Parthenon and UNESCO, New York, NY, US and Paris, FR. Gerwing, J.J. 2004. Life history diversity among six species of canopy lianas in an old-growth forest of the eastern Brazilian Amazon. Forest Ecology and Management 190: 57–72. Gilbert, B., Wright, S.J., Muller-Landau, H.C., Kitajima, K. & Hernandez, A.S. 2006. Life history trade-offs in tropical trees and lianas. Ecology 87: 1281–1288. Heijden, van der G.M.F. & Phillips, O.L. 2009. 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Leaf traits determine the growth–survival trade off across rain forest tree species. The American Naturalist 167: 758–765. Applied Vegetation Science Doi: 10.1111/j.1654-109X.2011.01152.x © 2011 International Association for Vegetation Science 117

Traits and growth of liana regeneration in primary and secondary forests Roeder, M. et al. Souza, R.P. & Válio, I.F.M. 2003. Seedling growth of fifteen Brazilian tropical tree species differing in successional status. Revista Brasileira de Botânica 26: 35–47. Westoby, M., Falster, D.S., Moles, A.T., Vesk, A.P. & Wright, I.J. 2002. Plant ecological strategies: some leading dimensions of variation between species. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 33: 125–159. Wright, S.J. 2002. Plant diversity in tropical forests: a review of mechanisms of species coexistence. Oecologia 130: 1–14. Wright, I.J., Reich, P.B., Westoby, M., Ackerly, D.D., Baruch, Z., Bongers, F., Cavender-Bares, J., Chapin, T., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Diemer, M., Flexas, J., Garnier, E., Groom, P.K., Gulias, J., Hikosaka, K., Lamont, B.B., Lee, T., Lee, W., Lusk, C., Midgley, J.J., Navas, M.L., Niinemets, z.,Oleksyn,J.,Osada,N.,Poorter, H., Poot, P., Prior, L., Pyankov, V.I., Roumet, C., Thomas, S.C., Tjoelker, M.G., Veneklaas, E.J. & Villar, R. 2004. The worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Nature 428: 821–827. Supporting Information Additional Supporting Information may be found in the online version of this article: Appendix S1. Trait values (mean per species) of 26 Amazonian liana species. Sample size varies for some traits and is indicated after the trait. IVI is the importance index of species; main habitats are primary forest (P), Cecropia forest (C) and Vismia forest (V). RSS = ratio of stem slenderness, SLA = specific leaf area, WLR = width— length ratio of the leaf and RGR = relative growth rate. Species names follow the Flora de Reserva Ducke (Ribeiro et al. 1999). Sample size of length and RSS was slightly higher (indicated as 11 or12) than that of leaf traits for the species Der flor, Dic sca and Odo spA. Appendix S2. The relationship between canopy cover and trait values of liana regeneration in 24 plots in secondary and primary forest, Central Amazon, Brazil. We used Pearson’s correlations of the mean value per plot of the indicated traits or the standard deviation (SD) of traits within a plot. Bold fonts indicate significant correlations (P o 0.05). WLR = width–length ratio of a leaf, SLA = specific leaf area. RSS = ratio of stem slenderness. Please note: Wiley-Blackwell is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting materials supplied by the authors. Any queries (other than missing material) should be directed to the corresponding author for the article. Applied Vegetation Science 118 Doi: 10.1111/j.1654-109X.2011.01152.x © 2011 International Association for Vegetation Science

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