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IPS e.max Ceram Scientific Documentation - ROE Dental Laboratory

IPS e.max Ceram Scientific Documentation - ROE Dental Laboratory

Scientific Documentation IPS e.max ® Ceram Page 2 of 21 Table of contents 1. Introduction................................................................................................................... 3 1.1 Overview of IPS e.max range of products ..................................................................................... 3 1.2 IPS e.max Ceram............................................................................................................................. 4 1.2.1 Microstructure and aesthetic properties .................................................................................. 4 2. Technical data............................................................................................................... 6 3. Material science investigations ................................................................................... 8 3.1 Comparative data with other veneering ceramics of Ivoclar Vivadent AG .................................. 8 3.2 Compatibility with IPS e.max materials .......................................................................................... 8 3.2.1 Coefficient of thermal expansion ............................................................................................ 8 3.2.2 Bond .......................................................................................................................................... 9 3.3 Comparative data of veneering ceramics for zirconium oxide.................................................... 11 3.3.1 Coefficient of thermal expansion .......................................................................................... 11 3.3.2 Flexural strength (ISO 6872) ................................................................................................. 11 3.3.3 Firing temperature .................................................................................................................. 12 4. In vitro investigations................................................................................................. 13 4.1 Fracture toughness of veneered bridges ..................................................................................... 13 4.2 Veneering of zirconium oxide frameworks ................................................................................... 14 5. External clinical studies ............................................................................................. 15 5.1 University of Frankfurt a.M., Germany ......................................................................................... 15 5.2 Boston University, U.S.A............................................................................................................... 15 5.3 University of Connecticut Health Center, U.S.A. ......................................................................... 15 5.4 University of Iowa, U.S.A............................................................................................................... 16 5.5 Pacific Dental Institute, U.S.A....................................................................................................... 16 5.6 University of Michigan, U.S.A. ...................................................................................................... 16 5.7 University of Munich, Germany..................................................................................................... 17 5.8 University of Heidelberg, Germany............................................................................................... 17 5.9 University of Aachen, Germany .................................................................................................... 17 5.10 University of Freiburg, Germany................................................................................................. 18 5.11 Conclusions.................................................................................................................................. 18 6. Biocompatibility.......................................................................................................... 19 6.1 Introduction..................................................................................................................................... 19 6.2 Chemical durability ........................................................................................................................ 19 6.3 In vitro cytotoxicity.......................................................................................................................... 19 6.4 Sensitization, irritation ................................................................................................................... 19 6.5 Radioactivity ................................................................................................................................... 20 6.6 Conclusions.................................................................................................................................... 20 7. References .................................................................................................................. 21

Scientific Documentation IPS e.max ® Ceram Page 3 of 21 1. Introduction 1.1 Overview of IPS e.max range of products IPS e.max is an all-ceramic system that consists of the following five components: • IPS e.max Press (lithium disilicate glass-ceramic ingot for the press technique) • IPS e.max ZirPress (fluorapatite glass-ceramic ingot for the press-on technique) • IPS e.max CAD (lithium disilicate glass-ceramic block for the CAD/CAM technique) • IPS e.max ZirCAD (zirconium oxide block for the CAD/CAM technique) • IPS e.max Ceram (fluorapatite veneering ceramic)

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