Views
5 years ago

Review of Maritime Transport 2011 - Unctad

Review of Maritime Transport 2011 - Unctad

CHAPTER 1: DEVELOPMENTS

CHAPTER 1: DEVELOPMENTS IN INTERNATIONAL SEABORNE TRADE 7 According to WTO, between November 2009 and May 2010, potentially restrictive measures surpassed those facilitating trade by a factor of 3:2. It is further estimated that the G–20 protectionist measures increased by 31 per cent over the same period and about 27 per cent are further expected. 30 Counterbalancing to some extent the various downside risks, the proliferation of trade agreements is likely to boost trade and promote deeper economic integration. For example, Japan and India agreed on a free trade agreement that will eliminate import tariffs on over 90 per cent of bilateral trade by value within 10 years. 31 Also, a number of agreements came into force in 2010 and early 2011, including the regional trade agreement between China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), as well as ASEAN–Australia and New Zealand, Turkey–Chile, Turkey–Jordan, European Free Trade Association (EFTA)–Serbia, EFTA–Albania, and Hong Kong (China)–New Zealand. The United States is expected to speed up the implementation of its trade agreements with the Republic of Korea, Colombia and Panama before the 2012 election. The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) estimated that by the end of 2010, there were 170 preferential agreements involving at least one ESCAP member State. Of these 170 agreements, 125 are bilateral regional trade agreements. 32 Interestingly, these agreements are increasingly including provisions on trade facilitation (see chapter 5). Thus, 2010 saw a swift but moderate recovery in the world economic activity and trade. While robust and sharp early on during the year, the recovery lost momentum in the second part of 2010 and into 2011. A number of uncertainties remain in view of the multiple downside risks and increase the likelihood of a much weaker than expected recovery. B. WORLD SEABORNE TRADE 33 1. General trends in seaborne trade For shipping, all stands and falls with worldwide macroeconomic conditions. Developments in the world economy and merchandise trade are also driving developments in seaborne trade. Therefore, in line with the macroeconomic framework described in the previous section, world seaborne trade experienced similar evolution with an upswing in demand in 2010, and a positive turnaround in volumes, especially for dry bulk and container trade segments. Preliminary data indicate that world seaborne trade in 2010 bounced back from the contraction of the previous year and grew by an estimated 7 per cent, taking the total of goods loaded to 8.4 billion tons, a level surpassing the pre-crisis level reached in 2008 (tables 1.3 and 1.4, and fig. 1.2). While the surge in seaborne trade volumes helped recover the lost Table 1.3. Development of international seaborne trade, selected years (millions of tons loaded) Year Oil Main bulksa Other dry cargo Total (all cargoes) 1970 1 442 448 676 2 566 1980 1 871 796 1 037 3 704 1990 1 755 968 1 285 4 008 2000 2 163 1 288 2 533 5 984 2006 2 698 1 836 3 166 7 700 2007 2 747 1 957 3 330 8 034 2008 2 742 2 059 3 428 8 229 2009 2 642 2 094 3 122 7 858 2010b 2 752 2 333 3 323 8 408 Source: Compiled by the UNCTAD secretariat on the basis of data supplied by reporting countries and as published on the relevant government and port industry websites, and by specialist sources. The data for 2006 onwards have been revised and updated to reflect improved reporting, including more recent figures and better information regarding the breakdown by cargo type. Figures for 2010 are estimated based on preliminary data or on the last year for which data were available. a Iron ore, grain, coal, bauxite/alumina and phosphate. The data for 2006 onwards are based on various issues of the Dry Bulk Trade Outlook produced by Clarkson Research Services Limited. b Preliminary estimates.

8 Table 1.4. World seaborne trade in 2006–2010, by type of cargo and country group REVIEW OF MARITIME TRANSPORT 2011 Country group Year Goods loaded Goods unloaded Total Crude Products Dry cargo Millions of tons Total Crude Products Dry cargo World 2006 7 700.3 1 783.4 914.8 5 002.1 7 878.3 1 931.2 893.7 5 053.4 2007 8 034.1 1 813.4 933.5 5 287.1 8 140.2 1 995.7 903.8 5 240.8 2008 8 229.5 1 785.2 957.0 5 487.2 8 286.3 1 942.3 934.9 5 409.2 2009 7 858.0 1 710.5 931.1 5 216.4 7 832.0 1 874.1 921.3 5 036.6 2010 8,408.3 1 784.9 967.5 5 655.8 8 377.8 1 938.9 969.3 5 469.7 Developed economies 2006 2 460.5 132.9 336.4 1 991.3 4 164.7 1 282.0 535.5 2 347.2 2007 2 608.9 135.1 363.0 2 110.8 3 990.5 1 246.0 524.0 2 220.5 2008 2 715.4 129.0 405.3 2 181.1 4 007.9 1 251.1 523.8 2 233.0 2009 2 554.3 115.0 383.8 2 055.5 3 374.4 1 125.3 529.9 1 719.2 2010 2 832.5 125.7 418.5 2 288.2 3 592.1 1 158.5 545.1 1 888.5 Transition economies 2006 410.3 123.1 41.3 245.9 70.6 5.6 3.1 61.9 2007 407.9 124.4 39.9 243.7 76.8 7.3 3.5 66.0 2008 431.5 138.2 36.7 256.6 89.3 6.3 3.8 79.2 2009 505.3 142.1 44.4 318.8 93.3 3.5 4.6 85.3 2010 515.7 150.2 45.9 319.7 122.1 3.5 4.6 114.0 Developing economies 2006 4 829.5 1 527.5 537.1 2 765.0 3 642.9 643.6 355.1 2 644.3 2007 5 020.8 1 553.9 530.7 2 932.6 4 073.0 742.4 376.3 2 954.3 2008 5 082.6 1 518.0 515.1 3 049.6 4 189.1 684.9 407.2 3 097.0 2009 4 798.4 1 453.5 502.9 2 842.0 4 364.2 745.3 386.9 3 232.1 2010 5 060.1 1 509.0 503.1 3 047.9 4 663.7 776.9 419.6 3 467.1 Africa 2006 721.9 353.8 86.0 282.2 349.8 41.3 39.4 269.1 2007 732.0 362.5 81.8 287.6 380.0 45.7 44.5 289.8 2008 766.7 379.2 83.3 304.2 376.6 45.0 43.5 288.1 2009 708.0 354.0 83.0 271.0 386.8 44.6 39.7 302.5 2010 733.3 343.6 81.5 308.2 399.3 42.0 39.3 318.0 America 2006 1 030.7 251.3 93.9 685.5 373.4 49.6 60.1 263.7 2007 1 067.1 252.3 90.7 724.2 415.9 76.0 64.0 275.9 2008 1 108.2 234.6 93.0 780.6 436.8 74.2 69.9 292.7 2009 1 029.8 225.7 74.0 730.1 371.9 64.4 73.6 234.0 2010 1 129.6 231.0 73.2 825.4 407.5 69.3 76.6 261.6 Asia 2006 3 073.1 921.2 357.0 1 794.8 2 906.8 552.7 248.8 2 105.3 2007 3 214.6 938.2 358.1 1 918.3 3 263.6 620.7 260.8 2 382.1 2008 3 203.6 902.7 338.6 1 962.2 3 361.9 565.6 286.8 2 509.5 2009 3 054.3 872.3 345.8 1 836.3 3 592.4 636.3 269.9 2 686.2 2010 3 190.7 932.9 348.2 1 909.5 3 843.5 665.6 300.0 2 877.9 Oceania 2006 3.8 1.2 0.1 2.5 12.9 0.0 6.7 6.2 2007 7.1 0.9 0.1 2.5 13.5 0.0 7.0 6.5 2008 4.2 1.5 0.1 2.6 13.8 0.0 7.1 6.7 2009 6.3 1.5 0.2 4.6 13.1 0.0 3.6 9.5 2010 6.5 1.5 0.2 4.8 13.4 0.0 3.7 9.7

Review of Maritime Transport 2010 - Unctad
Weaving a New World - Unctad
Maritime Trade and Transport - HWWI
Development and Globalization: - Unctad
Determinants of Export Performance - unctad
World Investment Report 2008 - Unctad
Investment Policy Review Ethiopia - Unctad
Maritime Ranking 2011 - Baltic Press
REVIEW
MARITIME TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT and SECURITY ...
Paradigm Shift in Maritime Transport - Ajsl.info
Paradigm Shift in Maritime Transport - Ajsl.info