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Review of Maritime Transport 2011 - Unctad

Review of Maritime Transport 2011 - Unctad

CONTENTS Figures 1.1.

CONTENTS Figures 1.1. Indices for world GDP, the OECD Industrial Production Index, world merchandise trade and world seaborne trade (1975–2011) ............................................................................................... 4 1.2. International seaborne trade, selected years ................................................................................. 10 1.3.(a) World seaborne trade, by country group and region, 2010............................................................ 11 1.3.(b) Participation of developing countries in world seaborne trade, selected years ............................. 12 1.4. Growth in five major dry bulks, 1982–2010 ................................................................................... 17 1.5. Global container trade, 1990–2011............................................................................................... 22 1.6. Indices for global container, tanker, and major dry bulk volumes, 1990–2011 ............................... 23 2.1. World fleet by principal vessel types, selected years...................................................................... 36 2.2. World container fleet, selected years............................................................................................. 40 2.3. Average age per ship, by vessel type, 10 major open registries .................................................... 43 2.4. Share of foreign flagged fleet......................................................................................................... 46 2.5. Vessel types registered in 10 major open registries, 2011.............................................................. 49 2.6. Major countries of ownership and their flags of registration, 2011.................................................. 50 2.7. Major open and international registries and the countries of ownership, 2011 ............................... 50 2.8. Tonnage reported sold for demolition in 2010, by year of built ...................................................... 55 2.9. Average age of broken-up ships, by type, 1998 to 2010 .............................................................. 55 2.10. World tonnage on order, 2000–2010............................................................................................. 58 2.11 Trends in surplus capacity by main vessel types, selected years.................................................... 59 3.1. Tanker freight market summary: various vessel sizes, 2003–2011 ................................................. 68 3.2. Dry cargo freight indices, 2004–2011............................................................................................ 72 3.3. Baltic Exchange Dry Bulk Index, 2010–2011................................................................................. 74 3.4. Growth of demand and supply in container shipping, 2000–2011 ................................................. 76 3.5. New ConTex 2007–2011 .............................................................................................................. 78 3.6. Container prices (2005–2011) ....................................................................................................... 80 3.7. Freight cost as a percentage of value of imports: long-term trend (1980-89, 1990-99 and 2000-09) ................................................................................................. 80 3.8. Tons carried per deadweight ton (dwt) of the world fleet, selected years........................................ 82 4.1. Investment projects in transport (1990–2009)................................................................................ 99 4.2. Number of railway projects by region (1990–2009)........................................................................ 101 5.1. Increasing number of RTAs with trade facilitation measures (cumulative) ....................................... 124 5.2. Overview of “WTO-like” trade facilitation measures under RTAs..................................................... 131 6.1. Export value of ships, boats and other floating structures.............................................................. 132 6.2. Maritime sectors along a ship’s life cycle ....................................................................................... 145 6.3. CSAV index on transported TEU, 1997–2010 ............................................................................... 151 vii

viii REVIEW OF MARITIME TRANSPORT 2011 6.4. Global marine finance loan volume ............................................................................................... 153 6.5. Panama-registered fleet 1995–2011 ............................................................................................. 157 6.6. Regional focus of major port operators ......................................................................................... 162 6.7. Market-entry barriers into maritime businesses, for developing countries ...................................... 164 6.8. Linkages between maritime sectors .............................................................................................. 166 Boxes 4.1. The recent minerals boom and its impact on railway development in Africa................................... 96 4.2. PIDA approved inter-connecting Africa railways networks projects development and implementation ............................................................................................................................. 103 4.3. Private-sector participation in African Railways.............................................................................. 104 5.1. The International Ship and Port Facilities Security Code ............................................................... 131 5.2. The New Inspection Regime under the Paris Memorandum of Understanding on Port State Control (Paris MoU) ...................................................................................................... 132 5.3. Contracting States parties to selected conventions on maritime transport, as at 31 July 2011 ..... 134

  • Page 1 and 2: United nations ConferenCe on trade
  • Page 3 and 4: ii NOTE REVIEW OF MARITIME TRANSPOR
  • Page 5 and 6: iv CONTENTS REVIEW OF MARITIME TRAN
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  • Page 11 and 12: x REVIEW OF MARITIME TRANSPORT 2011
  • Page 13 and 14: xii SADC Southern African Developme
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  • Page 17 and 18: xvi UNCTAD Liner Shipping Connectiv
  • Page 19 and 20: 2 A. WORLD ECONOMIC SITUATION AND P
  • Page 21 and 22: 4 from a number of exceptional even
  • Page 23 and 24: 6 Table 1.2. Growth in the volume a
  • Page 25 and 26: 8 Table 1.4. World seaborne trade i
  • Page 27 and 28: 10 Figure 1.2. International seabor
  • Page 29 and 30: 12 Figure 1.3 (b) highlights the ev
  • Page 31 and 32: 14 growth in oil demand, coupled wi
  • Page 33 and 34: 16 countries, particularly China an
  • Page 35 and 36: 18 As coking coal is used in steelm
  • Page 37 and 38: 20 A new trend to observe with resp
  • Page 39 and 40: 22 the pre-downturn levels. While t
  • Page 41 and 42: 24 Table 1.8. Estimated cargo flows
  • Page 43 and 44: 26 2. Energy security, oil prices a
  • Page 45 and 46: 28 transport”. Earlier related wo
  • Page 47 and 48: 30 ENDNOTES REVIEW OF MARITIME TRAN
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  • Page 52 and 53: STRUCTURE, OWNERSHIP AND REGISTRATI
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    CHAPTER 2: STRUCTURE, OWNERSHIP AND

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    CHAPTER 2: STRUCTURE, OWNERSHIP AND

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    CHAPTER 2: STRUCTURE, OWNERSHIP AND

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    CHAPTER 2: STRUCTURE, OWNERSHIP AND

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    CHAPTER 2: STRUCTURE, OWNERSHIP AND

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    CHAPTER 2: STRUCTURE, OWNERSHIP AND

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    CHAPTER 2: STRUCTURE, OWNERSHIP AND

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    CHAPTER 2: STRUCTURE, OWNERSHIP AND

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    CHAPTER 2: STRUCTURE, OWNERSHIP AND

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    CHAPTER 2: STRUCTURE, OWNERSHIP AND

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    CHAPTER 2: STRUCTURE, OWNERSHIP AND

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    64 A. OVERVIEW OF THE DETERMINANTS

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    66 liner operators to adopt measure

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    68 Figure 3.1. Tanker freight marke

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    70 VLCCs. Average Suezmax freight r

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    72 have an effect on destabilizing

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    74 points and ended the year at 1,7

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    76 REVIEW OF MARITIME TRANSPORT 201

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    78 Table 3.6. Container ship time c

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    80 Figure 3.6. Container prices (20

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    82 Figure 3.8. Tons carried per dea

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    84 REVIEW OF MARITIME TRANSPORT 201

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    86 A. PORT DEVELOPMENTS 1. Containe

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    88 Table 4.1. Container port traffi

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    90 so-called hub ports, basically a

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    92 In Costa Rica, APMT won a 33-yea

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    94 causing concern about the viabil

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    96 Box 4.1. The recent minerals boo

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    98 showing interest in the signific

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    100 projects and in a few large dev

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    102 4. Railways transport developme

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    104 Box 4.3. Private-sector partici

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    106 REVIEW OF MARITIME TRANSPORT 20

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    108 REVIEW OF MARITIME TRANSPORT 20

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    110 A. IMPORTANT DEVELOPMENTS IN TR

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    112 Exercise of the right of arrest

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    114 that international shipping emi

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    116 A report of the Working Group 4

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    118 By contrast, a number of other

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    120 the IMO Maritime Safety Committ

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    122 implementation of the SAFE Fram

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    124 Box 5.1. The International Ship

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    126 Memorandum of Understanding (Mo

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    128 (c) New certification requireme

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    130 national and regional developme

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    132 Figure 5.2. Overview of “WTO-

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    134 Source: For official status inf

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    136 19 Berlingieri on Arrest of Shi

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    138 REVIEW OF MARITIME TRANSPORT 20

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    140 REVIEW OF MARITIME TRANSPORT 20

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    DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’ PARTICIPATI

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    CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’

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    CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’

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    CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’

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    CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’

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    CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’

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    CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’

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    CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’

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    CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’

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    CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’

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    CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’

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    CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’

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    CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’

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    CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’

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    172 a b c d Annex I. Classification

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    174 Annex I. Classification of coun

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    176 Annex II. World seaborne trade

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    178 Annex II. World seaborne trade

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    180 Total fleet Oil tankers REVIEW

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    182 REVIEW OF MARITIME TRANSPORT 20

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    184 Annex III. (b) Merchant fleets

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    186 REVIEW OF MARITIME TRANSPORT 20

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    188 Total fleet Oil tankers REVIEW

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    190 Total fleet Oil tankers REVIEW

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    192 REVIEW OF MARITIME TRANSPORT 20

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    194 Annex IV. True nationality of t

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    196 Country or territory of ownersh

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    198 Country or territory of ownersh

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    200 Country or territory of ownersh

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    202 Annex V. Container port through

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    204 Annex VI. UNCTAD Liner Shipping

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    206 Annex VI. UNCTAD Liner Shipping

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    208 Annex VI. UNCTAD Liner Shipping

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    210 Annex VII. Countries’ market

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    212 Annex VII. Countries’ market

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    QUESTIONNAIRE Review of Maritime Tr

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