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BIOENERGY FOR EUROPE: WHICH ONES FIT BEST?

BIOENERGY FOR EUROPE: WHICH ONES FIT BEST?

BIOENERGY FOR EUROPE: WHICH ONES FIT

BIOENERGY FOR EUROPE: WHICH ONES FIT BEST? – A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS FOR THE COMMUNITY – Contract CT 98 3832 Final Report The Research Group: BLT Bundesanstalt für Landtechnik (Austria) CLM Centrum voor Landbouw en Milieu (Netherlands) CRES Centre for Renewable Energy Sources (Greece) CTI Comitato Thermotecnico Italiano (Italy) FAL Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt für Agrarökologie und Landbau (Switzerland) FAT Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt für Agrarwirtschaft und Landtechnik (Switzerland) IFEU Institut für Energie- und Umweltforschung Heidelberg (Germany); Project Co-ordinator INRA Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (France) TUD Technical University of Denmark (Denmark) November 2000

  • Page 2 and 3: BIOENERGY FOR EUROPE: WHICH ONES FI
  • Page 4 and 5: II Contents 3.5 Interpretation ....
  • Page 7 and 8: Executive summary This report prese
  • Page 9 and 10: Executive summary 3 the impacts of
  • Page 11 and 12: Executive summary 5 sessed. Tritica
  • Page 13: Executive summary 7 project. In all
  • Page 16 and 17: 10 1 Goals, target groups and gener
  • Page 19 and 20: 2 Biofuels under Study Within Europ
  • Page 21 and 22: 2.2 Principles of the biofuel-fossi
  • Page 23 and 24: 2.3 Life cycles of solid biofuels 1
  • Page 25 and 26: 2.4 Life cycles of liquid biofuels
  • Page 27 and 28: 2.4 Life cycles of liquid biofuels
  • Page 29 and 30: 2.5 Life cycles of biofuels from re
  • Page 31: 2.6 Novel production line: electric
  • Page 34 and 35: 28 3 Life cycle assessment of biofu
  • Page 36 and 37: 30 3 Life cycle assessment of biofu
  • Page 38 and 39: 32 3 Life cycle assessment of biofu
  • Page 40 and 41: 34 3 Life cycle assessment of biofu
  • Page 42 and 43: 36 3 Life cycle assessment of biofu
  • Page 44 and 45: 38 3 Life cycle assessment of biofu
  • Page 46 and 47: 40 3 Life cycle assessment of biofu
  • Page 48 and 49: 42 3 Life cycle assessment of biofu
  • Page 50 and 51: 44 3 Life cycle assessment of biofu
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    46 3 Life cycle assessment of biofu

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    48 4 Environmental results: present

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    50 4 Environmental results: present

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    52 4 Environmental results: present

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    54 4 Environmental results: present

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    56 4 Environmental results: present

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    58 4 Environmental results: present

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    60 4 Environmental results: present

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    62 4 Environmental results: present

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    64 4 Environmental results: present

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    66 4 Environmental results: present

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    68 4 Environmental results: present

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    70 4 Environmental results: present

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    72 4 Environmental results: present

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    74 4 Environmental results: present

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    76 4 Environmental results: present

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    5 Socio-economic and political anal

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    5.2 Socio-economic aspects 81 ple i

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    5.3 Visual impact of landscape chan

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    5.4 Political factors 85 mentation

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    5.4 Political factors 87 the core b

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    6 Conclusions and recommendations A

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    6 Conclusions and recommendations 9

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    6 Conclusions and recommendations 9

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    6 Conclusions and recommendations 9

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    98 7 Annex 7.1.1 Country specific r

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    100 7 Annex Rape seed oil methyl es

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    102 7 Annex Wheat straw versus ligh

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    104 7 Annex Technical applications:

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    106 7 Annex Ecological aspects II:

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    108 7 Annex 7.1.2 Country specific

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    110 7 Annex Willow versus light oil

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    112 7 Annex RME versus Diesel fuel

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    114 7 Annex Biogas versus natural g

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    116 7 Annex Ecological aspects I: l

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    118 7 Annex 7.1.3 Country specific

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    120 7 Annex Global warming potentia

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    122 7 Annex This graph shows there

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    124 7 Annex 7.1.4 Country specific

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    126 7 Annex Willow versus light oil

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    128 7 Annex RME versus diesel fuel

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    130 7 Annex Wheat straw versus ligh

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    132 7 Annex Technical applications

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    134 7 Annex Ecological aspects II:

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    136 7 Annex Use of fossil fuels - G

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    138 7 Annex g NO 3 eq. / MJ useful

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    140 7 Annex In the impact category

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    142 7 Annex SME versus diesel fuel

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    144 7 Annex Biogas versus natural g

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    146 7 Annex 7.1.7 Country specific

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    148 7 Annex In all studied chains,

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    150 7 Annex Summer smog - The Nethe

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    152 7 Annex Human toxicity - The Ne

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    154 7 Annex 7.1.8 Country specific

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    156 7 Annex Eutrophication potentia

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    158 7 Annex 7.2 Comparisons between

  • Page 166 and 167:

    160 7 Annex 7.2.3 Willow versus lig

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    162 7 Annex 7.2.5 Rape seed oil met

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    164 7 Annex 7.2.7 ETBE from sugar b

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    166 7 Annex 7.2.9 Wheat straw versu

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    168 7 Annex 7.3 Abbreviations and s

  • Page 176 and 177:

    170 7 Annex ment and the results of

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    172 7 Annex Dr. Andreas Patyk: Co-o

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    174 7 Annex CTI CTI - Thermotechnic

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    176 7 Annex 7.6 Literature Audsley

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    178 7 Annex bundesamt (ed.): Kraus,

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