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Chapter Five 1999 Post-Elections Period - Leicester Research ...

Chapter Five 1999 Post-Elections Period - Leicester Research ...

89 Given the argument by

89 Given the argument by Gall, Borg and Gall (1996, p.22) that in a research study based on case studies, any generalisation of findings should be based on „. . . a case-by- case basis‟, this study examines only three cases over a ten years period. Therefore, its findings cannot be seen as representative of the Malawian democratic experience especially as the country continues to evolve socially, economically and politically. As Gall, Borg, and Gall (1996, p.585) argue with respect to research based on case studies, the readers of the findings in this study should use them for “. . . the cases with their own situations”. 3.7 Conclusion All these challenges and limitations notwithstanding, this study‟s employment of the different methods including case studies, grounded theory methods and computer- assisted qualitative data analysis software discussed in this chapter was consistent with the theoretical and conceptual premises discussed in the preceding chapter. The study yielded significant results as the different succeeding chapters including the conclusion will show. The key research question namely how newspapers framed political issues in the chosen case studies as compared to parliamentary framing were fully and adequately addressed because of the methods applied in this study. This chapter has located the study within the case study and frame theory framework. The intent and purpose is to examine the differences that emerge as a result of the framing of political issues in newspaper and parliament in an emerging democracy. The process of discussing these frames takes into account other exogenous factors such as political power, newspaper ownership and political alignment of the owner. This is the focus of this study. The next chapter discusses findings of the first case study.

90 Chapter Four 1994 Post-Election Period: The Age of Partisan Framing 4.0 Introduction This chapter discusses the findings of the 1994 post-election case study. The chapter begins by setting the context of the 1994 case study. This is achieved through a discussion of the newspapers‟ landscape in effect at that time in Malawi, and the political parties to which the newspapers were aligned. This will be followed by a brief section presenting an overview of the frames detected in both the newspapers‟ corpus and the parliamentary corpus for this case study. Following this, the chapter will discuss two pairs of similar frames detected from the newspapers‟ and the parliamentary corpus. This will include an interpretation of the frames in relation to the political environment from which they emerged. Following this, there is a section discussing two dissimilar frames. One was detected in the newspapers corpus and the other in the parliamentary corpus. As with the first section, this will be followed by an interpretation of the frames. Further, the chapter consists of sections discussing the general points of frame construction used in the press and by political actors in presenting the frames. The chapter also has a section discussing ownership and its influence on the journalism models emerging out of the 1994 case study. The findings presented in this case study are drawn from editorials appearing between 19 th May 1994 and 31 st August 1994. The parliamentary data is drawn from the 33 rd Session of the National Assembly which met between 28 th June 1994 and 30 th November 1994.

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