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Chapter Five 1999 Post-Elections Period - Leicester Research ...

Chapter Five 1999 Post-Elections Period - Leicester Research ...

161 and freedom (See

161 and freedom (See Table 5.8) (Jangiya (1999, p.44). It was, therefore, unlikely that they would return the MCP to power. Table 5.8: The Extended Mandate Frame Causal Interpretation Presenters Paragraphs Speeches UDF has brought development UDF MPs 8 (57.1%) 8 MCP government was dictatorial and failed UDF MPs 6 (42.9%) 6 Total Moral Evaluation 14 (100%) 14 Malawians have liberty now UDF MPs 7 (100%) 7 Frame Total 21 21 5.3.2 Leadership Frame The Leadership Frame consisted of the remaining nine coded paragraphs drawn from the remaining 4 speeches in the parliamentary corpus. The difference between the Leadership Frame and the Extended Mandate Frame is that the former tended to praise the UDF in general while the later particularly praised President Muluzi. In the Causal Interpretation Muluzi was praised for effectively ensuring that the UDF manifesto of 1994 was implemented in the first five years of the UDF‟s term (See Table 5.9). This resulted in success at the polls as Dafter (1999, p.70) argued: His Excellency the President deserves winning due to various development projects he has initiated in this country. Table 5.9: The Leadership Frame Causal Interpretation Presenters Paragraphs Speeches Muluzi was an effective leader UDF MPs 5 (100%) 4 Moral Evaluation Muluzi is a good God-chosen leader UDF MPs 4 (100%) 4 Frame Total 9 8

162 The first Moral Evaluation arguments ascribed goodness to Muluzi. The second drew on religious overtones implying divine intervention in Muluzi‟s ascendancy to power and gaining a second term in office (See Table 5.9). He was praised for saving Malawi from a “satanic”, (Dossi, 1999, p.62) situation. He was labelled as a “. . . God fearing person”, and the UDF MPs were “. . . grateful to God for keeping him alive and well to lead this nation.” (Makhumula, 1999, p.71). 5.3.3 Discussion The following subsection will provide a discussion of the frames described above. The discussion will reveal the role of democratic values in the construction of the frames. It will also examine the use of metaphors especially biblical metaphors in making these frames resonant. 5.3.3.1 Democratic Values The framing in the National Assembly tended to use democratic values for resonance. The Extended Mandate Frame, for example, was constructed on only 21 paragraphs. However, these paragraphs were heavily suffused with references to democratic values. The UDF MPs argued that their party had brought development and liberty to Malawi: “The country has witnessed prosperity and economic growth in the past five years.” “. . . the government‟s fiscal performance has been applauded by well known organisations like the IMF” (Kaphuka, 1999, p.52). They contrasted what the UDF had done against the MCP‟s 31 years of power which ended in 1994 as one MP said: “. . . the poor in Malawi were as poor, if not poorer in 1993, as they were in 1963.” (Sonke, 1999, p.66). By so doing, they declared that the MCP was dictatorial as one MP noted: “. . . the 31 years of MCP in government had been years of hardship in Malawi . . .” (Jangiya, 1999,

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