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Chapter Five 1999 Post-Elections Period - Leicester Research ...

Chapter Five 1999 Post-Elections Period - Leicester Research ...

231 p=0.000). In the

231 p=0.000). In the same case study, there were 11 paragraphs coded to the Moral Evaluation components from the parliamentary corpus while there 58 paragraphs coded from the editorials corpus (See Table 7.4). The Chi Square test revealed a significant difference between the corpora (Chi Square = 69, 4df, p=0.000). In the 2004 case study, the Moral Evaluations component had 63 paragraphs coded from the editorials corpus while there were 63 Moral Evaluation components coded from the parliamentary corpus (See Table 7.4). The Chi Square test revealed a significant difference (Chi Square = 131, 4df, p=0.000). The study has demonstrated the influential role played by problem definitions and moral evaluations in the political discourse and frame construction in Malawi. This was reflected across all case studies in the newspapers corpus. Overall, these two components of a frame were, at least, the most significant in all the case studies in the newspapers corpora (See Table 7.2). In the parliamentary corpora, the Moral Evaluation components dominated the National Assembly discourse (See Table 7.3). 7.2.1 Problem Definition/Moral Evaluation Equilibrium As Table 7.2 reveals, the 1994 case study newspapers corpus revealed the primacy of the problem definitions in the framing process. In the parliamentary corpus of 1994, the Moral Evaluation components had the highest number of paragraphs coded to them even though each frame had different dominant components. The Moral Evaluations components owe their dominance to the Unity Frame which had 43 of the 67 paragraphs coded to the Moral Evaluation components (See Table 7.3). While problem definitions proved to be dominant in the 1994 newspapers corpus, the moral evaluations dominated the 1999 newspapers corpus (See Table 7.2). However, as can be understood from Table

232 Table 7.4: Chi Square Test differences of combined frame components between newspaper editorials and parliamentary speeches Paragraphs of Newspaper Editorials 1994 1994 Paragraphs of Parliamentary Speeches Differences by Chi Square tests Problem Definitions 76 23 X 2 =16.669, 2df, p=0.000 Causal Interpretations 29 14 X 2 =23.872, 2df, p=0.000 Moral Evaluations 61 67 X 2 =32.403, 3df, p=0.000 Treatment Recommendations 30 33 X 2 =63.000, 3df, p=0.000 1999 1999 Causal Interpretations 26 19 X 2 =34.873, 2df, p=0.000 Moral Evaluations 58 11 X 2 =69.000, 4df, p=0.000 2004 2004 Moral Evaluation 63 68 X 2 =131.00, 4df, p=0.000

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