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Chapter Five 1999 Post-Elections Period - Leicester Research ...

Chapter Five 1999 Post-Elections Period - Leicester Research ...

237 efficiency and

237 efficiency and fiscal discipline was already in power, it is only logical that the Moral Evaluation component was overloaded with condemnatory statements against the previous government, and praise for the new government. The Leadership Frame and the Challenges Frames in 2004 newspapers corpus are replete with moral evaluations praising the new leadership for its agenda for the nation and condemning the previous government and the UDF for corruption, inefficiency and attempting to manipulate the new president. The dominance of the Moral Evaluation components in the parliamentary corpus may point to a really serious problem in the National Assembly. It could indicate that there is a dearth in debating of the issues especially at the problem definition level. Since parliamentarians lack the ability to analyse problems, narrow and unimaginative problem definitions are accepted. This, in turn, leads to the more serious problem of narrow or even lacking treatment recommendations in solving those problems. Another factor that could be at play here is the influence of party discipline. It is possible that the political parties in parliament impose narrow problem definitions on their MPs, taking away not only the freedom to think creatively, but also the freedom to depart from party policy as Loizides (2009) argued concerning parliamentary framing of issues in some democratic systems with particular respect of Turkey. Loizides (2009) notes that the results are narrow problem definitions, highly emotive causal interpretations and moral evaluations, and unimaginative treatment recommendations are applied to pressing national issues. 7.3 Conclusion The chapter has demonstrated the similarities and differences in the frames, frame components and the conditions which gave rise to the emergent frames. In doing so, the

238 study established generalisations which may apply to future frame analysis in Malawi. The chapter has also demonstrated that some issues are salient enough to command interest in both parliament and the National Assembly regardless of partisan agenda. The political climate prevailing in a post election period will set the conditions for which frames will emerge and how they will emerge. Some conditions may be replicated across milieu enabling some frames to recur. The chapter also demonstrated that even though the frames detected in this study are emergent or issue-specific frames, they can be linked to generic frames. Thus frames displayed frameworks of generic frames such as the Conflict Frame, the Economic Consequences and the Human Impact Frame. Most of the emergent frames were quite negative in nature. This fact reveals the partisan nature of frames especially during the first two case studies. In accordance with most frame studies, the chapter has demonstrated that problem definitions are central to the framing process. It also established that in both the Malawian press and the National Assembly moral evaluations are a critical part of the discourse. Of course, moral evaluations are both judgemental and prescriptive and they are a logical outcome of how a problem is defined. The study also explains the convergence and divergence of frames across corpora and case studies. A partisan agenda which called for parliamentarians of one party to speak with one voice and the co-option of relevant newspapers was identified as one of the reasons for converging frames. When compelling national interests and nationally resonant post election agendas were presented, convergent frames tended to emerge from both corpora.

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