Views
5 years ago

Chapter Five 1999 Post-Elections Period - Leicester Research ...

Chapter Five 1999 Post-Elections Period - Leicester Research ...

63 political affiliation

63 political affiliation influence the nature of the frames. These case studies will enable an understanding of why and how events during these times played out they way they did. This study uses multiple case studies. Several case studies drawn across different epochs enable a deeper understanding of phenomena due to the opportunities for comparison. Hallin and Mancini (2005) make the case that comparative analysis in social theory has two main functions. The first is to sensitize the researcher to variations and similarities in different contexts. In this manner, it enables the researcher to refine concepts drawn across different contexts. The second is that it helps the researcher to draw out generalisations of phenomena across similar contexts. A comparative research design is used in this study mainly to fulfil the second function. Multiple case studies strengthen a research study as George and Bennett (1997) argue: . . . the method of studying two or more cases that resemble each other in every respect but one, thereby achieving or approximating the functional equivalent of an experiment which makes it possible to rely on experimental logic to draw causal inferences.‟(p.1) Given these circumstances, it was expected that the case studies would yield new findings that could aid in understanding the political communication arena in Malawi. As suggested by proponents of “naturalistic generalisation,” the responsibility is placed on the readers of the findings to determine whether the findings apply to their own situations (Gall, Borg and Gall 1996, pp. 578-9). 3.1.2 Grounded Theory Methods in the Analysis The study is located within frame theory analysis. The method used to detect frames in the study is derived from the early stages of grounded theory. The newspapers and parliamentary records text was qualitatively analysed within the theoretical composition

64 (problem definition, causal interpretation, moral evaluation and/or treatment recommendation) of a text frame as defined by Entman (1993, p.52/2003, p.5). The early stages of grounded theory include Open Coding and Axial Coding. According to Corbin and Strauss (2008, p.195), Open Coding is the: Breaking of data apart and delineating concepts to stand for blocks of raw data. At the same time, one is qualifying those concepts in terms of their properties and dimensions. Axial Coding is “Crosscutting or relating concepts/categories to each other.” The grounded theory approach, first developed by Glaser and Strauss (1967), is “a research strategy whose purpose is to generate theory from data” (Punch 1998, p. 55). A full grounded theory approach consists of a series of systematic procedures and techniques to enable the researcher “to develop an inductively derived grounded theory about a phenomenon” (Strauss and Corbin, 1990, p. 24). It is so called because it is concerned with the “discovery of theory” from the data one has collected (Glaser and Strauss 1967). The major strategy used to achieve that “is to find a core category at a high level of abstraction” through a successive coding process of the collected data (Punch 1998, p. 205). The coding process consists of three stages, Open Coding, Axial Coding and Selective Coding, of which only the first two are used in this study. Corbin and Strauss (2008, p.195) noted that the difference between open coding and axial coding is artificial and for explanatory purposes only. Otherwise, the process of open coding and axial coding can be done simultaneously. 3.1.3 Frame Components Analysis

Chapter 4 Sexual Content in Soap Operas - Leicester Research ...
iieiiei1eWrkers - Leicester Research Archive - University of Leicester
NOVEL RESVERATROL ANALOGUES - Leicester Research ...
t he display of archaeology - Leicester Research Archive - University ...