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Chapter Five 1999 Post-Elections Period - Leicester Research ...

Chapter Five 1999 Post-Elections Period - Leicester Research ...

69 software to reconvert

69 software to reconvert the data to electronic copies was devised. Between October 2007 and February 2008 the researcher collected and scanned Parliamentary speeches in the National Assembly Library in Lilongwe. During this time the researcher also collected other parliamentary speeches from the National Archives in Zomba and the University of Malawi Library at Chancellor College also in Zomba. All Parliamentary speeches were collected from the official parliamentary record – The Hansard, in which the speeches are recorded verbatim. Between January and May 2008, the researcher collected and scanned news articles from the Nation and the Weekend Nation at the Nation Publications Ltd Library, and the Blantyre Newspapers Ltd Library for the Daily Times and the Malawi News. Some articles were sourced from the University of Malawi Library at Chancellor College in Zomba and the National Library in Lilongwe. From July 2008 to April 2009 the researcher reconverted the collected data to electronic copies. Each of the three different case studies had two sets of data. This comprised of a parliamentary corpus and a newspapers corpus. Consequently, this study has six different sets of data. 3.2.2 Editorials and Opinion Columns Table 3.1 below presents a profile of the newspapers data realized after the data collection process. All editorials, opinion pieces, and comments which appeared in the newspapers identified above within one hundred days of the announcement of the outcome of the elections in 1994, 1999 and 2004 were potentially targeted for inclusion into the sample. In this respect, the articles had to address political issues as they related to governance, national leadership, the conduct of the elections itself and how that affected the political climate in the country.

70 For the 1994 case study, the editorials were selected from 22 May to 30 August 1994. This represented the first one hundred days following the swearing in of new President Bakili Muluzi after the election of 14 May 1994. The editorials in the 1999 case study were collected from newspaper issues appearing between the 19 June 1999, when the winner of the presidential race was sworn in, and 30 September 1999. This amounted to the first one hundred days of Muluzi and the UDF‟s second term. The editorials in the 2004 case study were selected from newspaper issues appearing between 27 May 2004, the day following the swearing in of new President Bingu wa Mutharika and the start of a new UDF term, and 6 September 2004, which marked the end of the first one hundred days of Mutharika‟s administration. Table 3.1: Profile of the newspapers data NEWSPAPER 1994 EDITORIAL OPINION COLUMNS TOTAL Daily Times 16 16 32 Malawi News 15 3 18 Nation 18 12 30 Chronicle 6 6 Totals 1999 55 31 86 Daily Times 8 2 10 Malawi News 12 1 13 Nation 5 11 16 Weekend Nation 1 1 Chronicle 5 6 11 Totals 2004 31 20 51 Daily Times 13 1 14 Malawi News 10 7 17 Nation 4 1 5 Weekend Nation 6 9 15 Chronicle 10 8 18 Totals 43 26 69

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