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Adult Literacy and New Technologies - Federation of American ...

Adult Literacy and New Technologies - Federation of American ...

270 |

270 | Adult Literacy and New Technologies: Tools for a Lifetime CASAS. See Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System Categorical grant programs, 12 CBO. See Community-based organizations CD-ROM, 190, 192,214 Certification of teachers, 171, 174-175 technological applications, 22-23 Chapter 1, 13, 16, 19, 158, 198 Chemeketa Community College, 210,213 Children’s Television Workshop, 209 Closed captioning, 14, 191,209-210,211 legislation, 211 Coalitions. See also Partnerships; Service coordination State-level, 96-98 Colleges and universities access to technologies, 197-198 graduate-level programs, 22 Community-based organizations, 9,99-100, 146, 166 access to computers, 192 Community colleges, 193 Community Learning Center (Cambridge), 186 Competency skills, 34-36,65, 131-132 Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System, 34-36, 169-170 Computer. See also Software and programming access to, 190-192, 199, 239-242 computer-based technologies, 191. See also specific technologies courseware, 194-196, 200-204, 205, 210, 212 hardware, 190-192,204-205,231-235 home, 199,206,207,215-216 laboratories, 118-119,201-202 networks, 176-177. See also Electronic networks; Integrated learning systems recruiting learners, 163-164 Computer-assisted education, 2-3, 14, 179,200-204 effectiveness, 85-89 family literacy, 120-121 incarcerated adults, 123-126 workplace literacy, 102, 117-119 Consumer electronics, 191 Copyright issues, 240-241 Correctional facilities, 124-125, 191-192,210. See also Incarcerated adult programs Courseware, 210-213,240 computer, 194-196, 200-204,205,210, 212 multimedia, 214,220, 227 video, 196,208-211 curriculum development, 169-170,203. See also Courseware technological applications, 12,22, 161-162 workplace literacy, 117-119 Cuyahoga County Community College, 102,201 Delivery systems. See service delivery systems Demographic trends, 6,30,41-56 future literacy needs, 58-60 Department of Commerce, 22 Department of Education, 9, 14,22,95, 128, 131, 137 Department of Health and Human Services, 95, 128 Department of Labor, 6, 14,52-56,95, 128, 137 Disadvantages of technology, 204-205 Distance learning, 15, 18,22,67, 193-194,202,209, 230 effectiveness, 85 incarcerated adults, 126 Dropout rates, 41-45,59-60. See also Educational attainment Educard, 227 Education Is Essential Foundation, Inc., 118-119 Educational attainment, 4145,78,215. See also Dropout rates Electronic networks, 14,206-208,236-237. See also Distance learning Employment and literacy rates, 52-53 English as a second language, 66, 110, 114, 168, 208-210. See also Limited English proficient adults computer networks, 176-177 Federal funding, 145 staff development, 170-171 Enrollment rates. See Participation in adult literacy programs Equity. See Access to technologies ESL. See English as a second language Euclid Adult Learning Center, 206 Evaluation. See Measurement methods; Performance evaluation; program evaluation; Tests Even Start, 13,40, 120, 128, 132, 147, 152 External Diploma program, 113 Family literacy, 13,38-39,40, 119-121,207 English as a second language, 229 Federal funding, 142 Skills, 38-39,40,226-228

technological applications, 120-121 Federal funding, 13,95,99, 128, 137-141, 157 capacity-building, 143 ESL programs, 145 mandatory participation, 142-143 problems, 141 target groups, 144-146 workplace literacy, 142 Federal-level coordination, 154-157, 158-159 Federal program issues, 11-14,95 appropriations, 139 number, 135-136 Federal requirements and policies, 16,26-27,114,147. See also specific departments and agencies accountability, 148-149 competency, 131-132 history, 129-131 incarcerated adults, 121-122 interagency coordination, 17-18, 23-24 program evaluation, 149 service coordination, 154-155 technology, 128, 150-153 Florida, 19 Ford Skills Enhancement Program, 102 Franklin Electronic Learning Resources, 218 Funding barriers, 213-216 Funding sources, 9-10,94-99, 179-180 coordination of, 181-188 direct for technology, 19 Federal, 9, 13,95, 137-146 for incarcerated adult education, 122 merging, 184-188 private, 98-99, 101, 147 State and local, 95-98,99, 100, 184 Future literacy needs, 58-60 technology advances, 231-238 GED, 10, 18, 113 via television, 15, 196-197 General Electric, 212 General equivalency diploma. See GED Georgia Partnership for Literacy, 118-119 Graduate-level programs technological applications, 22 Index | 271 Hand-held electronic devices, 14,209-210,218. See also Personal electronic devices; Pocket translators Hardware advances, 231-235 Harlem Community Computing Centers, 163-164 Head Start, 9, 13, 18, 132 Home technologies, 85, 199-200,202,205-206, 207, 208-209, 211,213-216. See also Personal electronic devices Hoover, Herbert, 131 Hypermedia, 212,214 ILS. See Integrated learning systems Illinois, 96 Immigrants, 50-52,63-64, 129,228-231 profiles of, 63,70,77 video series, 208-209 Immigration Act of 1990, 114 Immigration Reform and Control Act, 63, 114, 132 Incarcerated adult programs, 7, 121-126, 132,210 Federal requirements and policies, 121-122 multimedia technologies, 125 technological applications, 123-126 video instruction, 125 Individualized instruction, 8, 202 incarcerated adults, 123 technological applications, 88-89 Information tools, 8,34-36, 89,202,204 Inmates. See Incarcerated adult programs Inservice training, 21, 171. See also Staff development Institute of Communication Disorders, 210 Integrated learning systems, 118, 123-124, 179, 194- 195. See also Computer networks disadvantages, 205 Integrated services, 23, 147 Interactive Knowledge, Inc., 220 Interactive video, 3, 214. See also Video effectiveness, 86 workplace literacy, 163 Interagency coordination, 17-18,23-24, 154-157, 158-159, 181-188,208,219-221 Intergenerational literacy. See Family literacy Jefferson, Thomas, 29 Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Program, 13, 18, 21,95, 128, 139-140, 146, 184 Job seekers, 52-56 Job Training Partnership Act, 14,52,95, 128, 156

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    Adult Literacy and New Technologies

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    A merica’s commitment to the impo

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    John Andelin Assistant Director Sci

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    ■ The Decision to Participate in

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    Access to Technologies for Literacy

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    After working all day in a chicken

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    Siman into programs and keep them e

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    Chapter 1-Summary and Policy Option

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    successful in the workplace, and ha

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    Figure 1-2—Adult Literacy Program

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    Some have also encouraged partnersh

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    many leaders in business, labor, an

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    eading development. 14 Interactive

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    for change and as a resource to ben

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    Provide Direct Funding for Technolo

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    and Information Administration’s

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    ments for adult literacy teachers,

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    ecordkeeping and reporting requirem

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    sessed by various segments of the a

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    38 I Adult Literacy and New Technol

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    Literacy is not an on/off character

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    Chapter 2-The Changing Character of

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    outs, academic skill levels also in

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    include writing a brief description

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    Millions of Immigrants per decade 1

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    Chapter 2-The Changing Character of

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    ● ● ● ● ● Chapter 2-The C

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    those who remain ‘ ‘uncounted.

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    population has remained relatively

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    Learning and going to school have m

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    Some studies have used ethnographic

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    ii I New immigrants may often find

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    e-reading the material, and their j

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    T he literacy service delivery ‘

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    Chapter 4-The Literacy System: A Pa

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    Chapter 4-The Literacy System: A Pa

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    400 350 300 250 20O ‘ >“1 \ I [

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    Bell Atlantic Black and Decker Stan

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    s ince the mid- 1960s, the Federal

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    Although promising, these efforts c

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    War on Poverty program overseen by

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    Chapter &The Federal Role in Adult

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    somewhat contemporaneously, so it c

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    there is overlap. Both ED and the D

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    Chapter &The Federal Role in Adult

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    to 70 percent) or Head Start childr

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    Chapter 5-The Federal Role in Adult

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    Highly defined subcategories of new

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    set of service delivery issues: how

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    esponding to public concerns about

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    Chapter 5-The Federal Role in Adult

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    experimental funds to promote use o

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    must coordinate or consult; most fr

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    eral agencies to undertake joint ve

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    in Federal law by providing some in

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    Educational gains Support services

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    Advances in technology have “uppe

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    Computer-Based Technologies Chapter

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    Chapter 7-Technology Today: Practic

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    ecorders (VCRS), 27 and61 percent h

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    Many adults use computers in the LA

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    Chapter 7-Technology Today: Practic

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    specialized personnel to evaluate h

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    Chapter 7-Technology Today: Practic

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    — that provides information criti

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    Chapter 7-Technology Today: Practic

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    notes, sounds, graphics, movies, an

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