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Adult Literacy and New Technologies - Federation of American ...

Adult Literacy and New Technologies - Federation of American ...

272 I

272 I Adult Literacy and New Technologies: Tools for a Lifetime JOBS. See Job Opportunities and Basic Skills program JTPA. See Job Training Partnership Act Kenan Trust Family Literacy Program, 40, 120 Kentucky Educational Television, 168, 196-197 Kirkwood Community College, 166-167 Laid-off workers, 63 Laubach Literacy Action, 103-106, 111 teaching methods, 111 Learners, 5-6,62-65,69, 107-109, 144-146 assessment, 177-179, 203, 227 decision to participate in adult literacy education, 78-81 motivation, 6, 8, 80-82 profiles of, 63,65,66-68,70,72,77 recruiting, 12, 161-168, 203 using technology, 85-89, 202,204-205 Learning disabilities, 8,67,210,211 Learning in context, 69-76 Learning time, 8, 85-86,202 Legislation, 129-135. See also specific legislation closed captioning, 211 new emphases, 142-144 technology use, 150-153 LEP adults. See Limited English proficient adults Libraries, 108,210 Life skills, 32-39, 62-63 Limitations of technology, 204-205 Limited English proficient adults, 13,50-52,54,66, 114, 128. See also English as a second language Federal funding, 145 Literacy definitions, 3-5,29-32,4547,56 Literacy rates, 6,30,41-60 uncounted rate, 57 Literacy Volunteers of America, 23, 103-106, 111 access to technologies, 192 LLA. See Laubach Literacy Action Local funding, 97-99 Location of services, 106-107, 147 Los Angeles County jail system, 124-125,210 LVA. See Literacy Volunteers of America Manpower Demonstration and Training Act, 129 Mandatory participation, 7, 13, 122 attrition, 165-166 Federal funding, 142-143 program administration, 180-181 technological applications, 161, 180 Marketplace issues, 216-217,219,239-242 Maryland Baltimore Reads, Inc., 96-97 Ripken Center, 202-204 Massachusetts, 103, 138, 183 Cambridge Community Learning Center, 186 Measurement methods, 4-5,30-32 employment, 52-53 tests, 45-47,74-75, 109, 177-179 Media literacy, 90 Metro Campus Adult Learning Center (Ohio), 201-202 Michigan, 156, 183 Military software computer-based instruction, 19 Military training programs, 23 Mississippi, 183 Columbus Learning Center, 1 Mobile Learning Lab, 206 Project LEAP, 18 Mississippi Mobile Learning Lab, 206 Modems, 191, 192 Mother’s education level, 59-60 Motivation, 6, 8, 80-82, 202. See also Learners technological applications, 86-87 Mott Haven Library Center for Reading and Writing, 108,210 Multimedia technologies, 14, 16, 191, 192,214 courseware, 220, 227 incarcerated adults, 125 workplace literacy, 118, 212, 220 Multipurpose literacy centers, 228-231 NAEP. See National Assessment of Educational Progress NALS. See National Adult Literacy Survey National Adult Literacy Survey, 4,56-58 National Assessment of Educational Progress, 33-34 National Center for Adult Literacy, 22 National Center for Family Literacy, 120 National Commission for Employment Policy, 36 National Institute for Literacy, 14,22, 132, 143, 157 National Literacy Act, 21, 122, 132, 134, 175-176 National Science Foundation, 20 National Technological University, 22 National Telecommunications and Information Administration, 20-21

National Workplace Literacy Partnerships Program, 116-117 Need for services, 168 New Jersey, 96 New York 23 coordinating funding, 184 New York Public Library Centers for Reading and Writing, 108,210 New York Public Library Centers for Reading and Writing, 108,210 Nonparticipation, 82, 147. See also Participation in adult literacy programs North Carolina 14 Ohio Cuyahoga County Community College, 201 OTAN. See Outreach and Technical Assistance Network Outcome-based evaluation. See Performance evaluation Outreach and Technical Assistance Network 25, 170, 208 PACE. See Parent and Child Education Parent and Child Education, 120 Participation in adult literacy programs, 78-84, 107- 109, 112, 114, 144-146, 147. See also Barriers to participation; Recruiting learners learner’s initial decision, 78-81 Partnerships, 11,23, 181. See also Coalitions; Service coordination Baltimore Reads, Inc., 96-97 interagency partnerships, 17-18, 23-24 public-private, 224-225 telecommunications, 193-194 workplace literacy, 118 Pen grants, 16 Performance evaluation, 128, 149-150 Personal electronic devices, 14, 191, 194, 199,209- 210,218,225-226,239 pocket translators, 191,218,239 Playing to Win program, 164,206 Pocket translators, 191,218,239 Policy issues, 16-27, 126 capacity-building, 157 delivery systems, 158 Federal-level coordination, 158-159 funding limitations, 157 Index | 273 interagency coordination, 17-18, 23-24 priority setting, 157 program improvement, 158 situational barriers, 83 staff development, 157-158 target groups, 158 technology, 150-154, 158 Prison inmates. See Incarcerated adult programs Private sector funding, 98-99, 101, 147 Problem-solving skills, 33-34,71-76 professional development standards, 22-23. See also Certification of teachers; Staff development Profiles at-risk youth, 226-228 immigrants, 63-64,70,77,228-231 learners, 63,65,66,68,70,72,77 Program administration funding problems, 179-180 mandatory participation, 180-181 technological applications, 12, 203 Program evaluation, 177-179,203 Federal role, 149 technological applications, 162 Program improvement, 158 Project LEAP, 18 Project SALSA, 207 Providers of literacy programs businesses, 102, 118, 119,207,212 colleges and universities, 197-198, 201-202 community-based organizations, 99-100, 146, 166, 186, 192 community colleges, 167, 193, 210, 213 labor unions, 117 libraries, 108,210 multipurpose literacy centers, 184, 206, 228-231 schools, 62, 198-199 Psychological barriers to participation, 62,79-80, 83-84 Public information campaigns, 163 Public schools, 62 access to technologies, 198-199 Range of program services, 168 Reading level estimates, 45-46 Recordkeeping attrition, 165 Federal requirements, 148 technological applications, 162, 180-181

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    Adult Literacy and New Technologies

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    A merica’s commitment to the impo

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    John Andelin Assistant Director Sci

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    ■ The Decision to Participate in

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    Access to Technologies for Literacy

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    After working all day in a chicken

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    Siman into programs and keep them e

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    Chapter 1-Summary and Policy Option

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    successful in the workplace, and ha

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    Figure 1-2—Adult Literacy Program

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    Some have also encouraged partnersh

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    many leaders in business, labor, an

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    eading development. 14 Interactive

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    for change and as a resource to ben

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    Provide Direct Funding for Technolo

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    and Information Administration’s

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    ments for adult literacy teachers,

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    ecordkeeping and reporting requirem

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    sessed by various segments of the a

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    Literacy is not an on/off character

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    Chapter 2-The Changing Character of

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    outs, academic skill levels also in

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    include writing a brief description

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    257 255 253 249 221 219 211 196 192

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    Millions of Immigrants per decade 1

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    Chapter 2-The Changing Character of

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    ● ● ● ● ● Chapter 2-The C

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    those who remain ‘ ‘uncounted.

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    population has remained relatively

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    Learning and going to school have m

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    Some studies have used ethnographic

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    ii I New immigrants may often find

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    e-reading the material, and their j

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    T he literacy service delivery ‘

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    Chapter 4-The Literacy System: A Pa

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    Chapter 4-The Literacy System: A Pa

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    400 350 300 250 20O ‘ >“1 \ I [

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    Bell Atlantic Black and Decker Stan

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    s ince the mid- 1960s, the Federal

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    Although promising, these efforts c

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    War on Poverty program overseen by

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    Chapter &The Federal Role in Adult

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    somewhat contemporaneously, so it c

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    there is overlap. Both ED and the D

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    Chapter &The Federal Role in Adult

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    to 70 percent) or Head Start childr

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    Chapter 5-The Federal Role in Adult

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    Highly defined subcategories of new

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    set of service delivery issues: how

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    esponding to public concerns about

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    Chapter 5-The Federal Role in Adult

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    experimental funds to promote use o

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    must coordinate or consult; most fr

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    eral agencies to undertake joint ve

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    in Federal law by providing some in

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    Educational gains Support services

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    Advances in technology have “uppe

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    Computer-Based Technologies Chapter

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    Chapter 7-Technology Today: Practic

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    Chapter 7-Technology Today: Practic

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    ecorders (VCRS), 27 and61 percent h

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    Many adults use computers in the LA

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    Chapter 7-Technology Today: Practic

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    specialized personnel to evaluate h

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    Chapter 7-Technology Today: Practic

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    — that provides information criti

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    Chapter 7-Technology Today: Practic

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    notes, sounds, graphics, movies, an

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