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SN~ (~6) lff 2It 3k_~ , 5 ",,x_J {b)

SN~ (~6) lff 2It 3k_~ , 5 ",,x_J {b)

192 [9]

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Classification of Symmetric Caustics I: Symplectic Equivalence Staszek Janeczko and Mark Roberts ABSTRACT We generalise the classification theory of Arnold and Zakalyukin for singularities of Lagrange projections to projections that commute with a symplectic action of a compact Lie group. The theory is applied to the classification of infinitesimally stable corank 1 projections with Z 2 symmetry. However examples show that even in very low dimensions there exist genetic projections which are not infinitesimally stable. INTRODUCTION In this paper and its sequel [JR] we describe some general singularity theory machinery which can be used to classify symmetric caustics. Let X be a smooth manifold with a smooth action of the compact Lie group G. This action extends to an action on the cotangent bundle T*X which leaves invariant the natural symplectic form. If L is a G- invariant Lagrange submanifold of T*X then the Lagrange projection rg L : L -. X is G-equivariant and its discriminant, the caustic C L of L, is a G-invatiant subvariety of X. In this paper we consider the classification of the pairs (T*X,L) up to symplectic equivalence, ie symplectomorphisms of T*X which preserve its natural fibration (Definition 2.1). In [JR] we classify just the caustics, up to equivariant diffeomorphisms of X. This caustic equivalence turns out to be a much weaker equivalence relation (see Remarks 4.7). Our approach to symplectic equivalence is a generalization of the non-equivatiant theory of Arnold and Zakalyukin (see [AGV]) in that we use a form of parametrised tight equivalence of Morse families. This should be contrasted with that of [JK1,2] where the emphasis is on classifying generating functions. A major difference between the equivariant and non-equivariant cases is that in the latter the stability of a Morse family

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