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Anthony P. Carnevale Stephen J. Rose Andrew. R. Hanson

Anthony P. Carnevale Stephen J. Rose Andrew. R. Hanson

Certificate holders’

Certificate holders’ field of study is highly correlated with sex. 15 Figure 11. The most popular certificate fields of study are healthcare, business/office management, cosmetology, auto mechanics, computer and information services, construction trades, and electronics. 16 Healthcare 15% Business/O�ce Management 11% Distribution of Certi�cate Fields of Study Cosmetology 7% Computer & Information Services 6% Other 31% Source: Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Table 1 shows that, of the 15 identified fields, 13 are segregated by sex: The share of workers of the dominant sex is 75 percent or more. Men are dominant in: • Auto mechanics, • Aviation, • Construction trades, • Drafting, • Electronics, • Metalworking, • Police and protective services, • Refrigeration, heating, and air conditioning, • Transportation and materials moving, • Agriculture, forestry, and horticulture. Auto mechanics 6% Construction Trades 5% Refrigeration, Heating, & Air Conditioning 3% Metalworking 3% By contrast, women are dominant in office management, cosmetology, and healthcare. Only in computer and information services and food services are men and women equally represented. 15. There are 18 separate fields of study identified, but three have very few cases in the data set (home economics, hotel and restaurant management, and marketing and distribution) and they are combined with other fields. See Part 2 for a detailed analysis on the economic returns of different fields of study. 16. According to IPEDS, over 40 percent of certificates awarded each year are in healthcare; the second most popular field is food service. The lack of consistency between the SIPP fields and these numbers is troubling. Certificates: Gateway To Gainful Employment and College Degrees Electronics 4% Drafting 1% Transportation and Materials Moving 3% Aviation 1% Police/Protective Services 1% Agriculture &Forestry 1% Food Service 1% 15

16 Table 1. Certificate fields of study are segregated by sex. Male Fields Share of all certificates Proportion It is interesting to note what college degree fields have high rates of certificate holding. At the Associate’s degree level, nearly 60 percent of people who got their degree in “other vocational and technical studies” also had a certificate. Other fields in which certificates are commonly paired with Associate’s degrees include engineering, drafting, computer and information services, and health sciences. At the Bachelor’s degree level, there is too much variation across majors to list the specific fields. 17. “Both Sexes” fields are those with concentrations of either sex below 75 percent. Neither men nor women are dominant in these fields. Male Proportion Female Auto Mechanics 6% 99% 1% Construction Trades 5% 99% 1% Refrigeration, Heating, & Air Conditioning 3% 99% 1% Metalworking 3% 97% 3% Electronics 4% 95% 5% Drafting 1% 92% 8% Transportation and Materials Moving 3% 89% 11% Aviation 1% 86% 14% Police/Protective Services 1% 81% 19% Agriculture & Forestry 1% 78% 22% Both Sexes 17 Food Service 1% 54% 46% Other 31% 53% 47% Computer & Information Services 6% 51% 49% Female Fields Business/Office Management 11% 19% 81% Health Care 15% 10% 90% Cosmetology 7% 9% 91% Source: Survey of Income and Program Participation Certificates: Gateway To Gainful Employment and College Degrees

Anthony P. Carnevale Stephen J. Rose Andrew ... - Inside Higher Ed
In J. E. Moody, S. J. Hanson, & R. P. Lippmann (eds.)