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The impact of computer use on children's and - Children's Digital ...

The impact of computer use on children's and - Children's Digital ...

The impact of computer use on children's and - Children's Digital

ong>Theong> ong>impactong> ong>ofong> ong>computerong> ong>useong> on children's and adolescents' development Kaveri Subrahmanyam a, *, Patricia Greenfield b , Robert Kraut c , Elisheva Gross b a Child and Family Studies, California State University, Los Angeles, 5151 State University Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USA b University ong>ofong> California, Los Angeles, CA, USA c Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA Abstract In recent years, electronic games, home ong>computerong>s, and the Internet have assumed an important place in our lives. This paper presents a review ong>ofong> the research on the ong>impactong> ong>ofong> home ong>computerong> ong>useong> on the development ong>ofong> children and adolescents. Time ong>useong> data are presented along with a discussion ong>ofong> factors such as age, gender, and ethnicity, which ong>impactong> the time spent on ong>computerong>s as well as the activities engaged in. Research on the ong>impactong> ong>ofong> ong>computerong> ong>useong> on cognitive skill and academic development, social development and relationships, and perceptions ong>ofong> reality and violent behavior is reviewed. ong>Theong> special role ong>ofong> the Internet in the lives ong>ofong> adolescents is brought out using data from the HomeNet study. ong>Theong> paper concludes with recommendations for future study in order to better understand the growing ong>impactong> ong>ofong> ong>computerong>s on our youth. D 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved. Keywords: Children; Computers; Internet I really want to move to Antarctica Ð I'd want my cat and Internet access and I'd be happy. ±16 year old HomeNet participant, 1995. 1. Introduction Applied Developmental Psychology 22 (2001) 7±30 ong>Theong> time is ripe to assess the ong>impactong> ong>ofong> home ong>computerong> ong>useong> on child and adolescent development. Over the past few years, a growing number ong>ofong> U.S. hoong>useong>holds have added * Corresponding author. Tel.: +1-323-343-5415; fax: +1-323-343-5019. E-mail address: ksubrah@calstatela.edu (K. Subrahmanyam). 0193-3973/01/$ ± see front matter D 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved. PII: S0193-3973(00)00063-0

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