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eFlight Journal 2 2023

eFlight Journal 2 2023 The quarterly Journal for electric Flying second Magazin of 2023

eFlight Journal 2 2023
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Electric Aviation, eVTOLS, Multicopter, Rotor wings, Fixed Wing, Hybrid Technology, Rule making news, Test Reports * Electric Aviation, eVTOLS, Multicopter, Rotorwings, Hybrid Technology, Rule<br />

Quarterly Vol. 2-<strong>2023</strong><br />

Elfly Noemi:<br />

The e-solution<br />

for Norway’s<br />

transport needs?<br />

AERO:<br />

Sustainable Aviation<br />

Trial & e-flight-expo<br />

www.e-flight-journal.com<br />

Paris Airshow:<br />

Le Bourget on its<br />

way to be an eVent<br />

Interview Voltaero:<br />

Jean Botti on<br />

his Cassio 330<br />

Vaeridion:<br />

eCommuter<br />

from Munich<br />

Scan to download<br />

the online version


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Opinion Leader<br />

The future will be electrifying<br />

I must admit that I have long been a member of the clan of sceptics regarding<br />

electric aviation. When the first ‘new’ electric plane flew (the Yuneec in 2009),<br />

we joked that the problem with this kind of aircraft was the length of the extension<br />

cord...<br />

I must admit that we are all contaminated, at one time or another, by the conservatism<br />

associated with general aviation. It took a few years for me to change my<br />

mind radically.<br />

This change was essentially linked to the absolute need to move towards ‘greener’<br />

aviation. And even if we are soon able to benefit from fuels completely free<br />

of TEL (lead) compatible with all existing engines, it will necessarily be a transitional<br />

situation allowing owners of traditional engines (such as Lycoming and<br />

Continental) to continue to operate their engines while waiting for the arrival of<br />

electric or hybrid kits capable of replacing their current piston engines.<br />

But let us make no mistake. If new, much greener aircraft come to the market in<br />

the short term, the replacement of the current fleet will take place over a much<br />

longer period. We have entered a period of transition with no turning back. But<br />

this period will be spread over several years. Not for financial reasons, related to<br />

the ability of owners and operators to change their aircraft or engines, but related<br />

to the emergence of new technologies currently under development.<br />

Today’s batteries are still heavy, store little energy per kilogram, and have a limited<br />

lifespan from fast charging. This makes an immediate transition doubtful. But<br />

since all industrial sectors are involved in research, it is obvious that technical<br />

progress will happen faster than if there was no pressure to achieve the necessary<br />

results. Whether for the automotive, road transport, boating, or aviation sectors,<br />

the objectives are the same, and investments in research are a reality. In the<br />

near future, electricity will play a predominant role in aeronautical applications.<br />

But this transition must be done intelligently, safely, and under economic conditions<br />

that allow a real, sustainable development of general and regional aviation.<br />

But I am now a believer!<br />

Emmanuel Davidson<br />

Emmanuel Davidson is a commercial pilot,<br />

instrument rated, and qualified on airplanes, gliders,<br />

seaplanes and ultralights. He has clocked up nearly<br />

4,000 flight hours. From 2014-2019 he was VP<br />

Marketing at Continental Aerospace.<br />

He is editorial director of Aviation et Pilote (the<br />

world’s largest French Language Aviation Magazine),<br />

and he has been writing for the magazine for more<br />

than 23 years. “Aviation et Pilote” joint Flying Pages<br />

for collaboration on the World Directory of Light<br />

Aviation and e-Flight-<strong>Journal</strong>.<br />

On this page you will find exclusively at eF-light-<strong>Journal</strong> the commentary of an opinion leader from the aviation industry<br />

on a current topic. The text does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the editorial team.<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong><br />

3


Scan to download<br />

the online version<br />

Content / Imprint<br />

Electric Aviation, eVTOLS, Multicopter, Rotor wings, Fixed Wing, Hybrid Technology, Rule making news, Test Reports * Electric Aviation, eVTOLS, Multicopter, Rotorwings, Hybrid Technology, Rule<br />

Quarterly Vol. 2-<strong>2023</strong><br />

Elfly Noemi:<br />

The e-solution<br />

for Norway’s<br />

transport needs?<br />

AERO:<br />

Sustainable Aviation<br />

Trial & e-flight-expo<br />

www.e-flight-journal.com<br />

Paris Airshow:<br />

Le Bourget on its<br />

way to be an eVent<br />

Interview Voltaero:<br />

Jean Botti on<br />

his Cassio 330<br />

Vaeridion:<br />

eCommuter<br />

from Munich<br />

Cover:<br />

Elfly Noemi<br />

3 • Opinion Leader<br />

The future will be electrifying<br />

6 • eNews around the world<br />

10 • 12 th e-Flight-Expo / Germany<br />

Full House<br />

1. Sustainable Aviation Award<br />

Categories<br />

Imprint 4<br />

eNews 6<br />

14 • Paris / Le Bourget<br />

The Airshow becomes an E-vent<br />

19 • Interview with Jean Botti / VoltAero<br />

20 • Norwegian Startup Elfly<br />

Unveiled Electric Amphibian Aircraft<br />

We the e Flight <strong>Journal</strong> (e FJ)<br />

founders are a team of aviation journalists<br />

and enthusiasts who created Flying-<br />

Pages. Publishing several aviation<br />

publications around the world. It started<br />

with the interest in electric flying in 2009.<br />

We co-founded the e-flight-Expo in<br />

Friedrichshafen/Germany as part of the<br />

AERO, and established it as the largest<br />

show for electric aviation worldwide.<br />

The e FJ is supported by FACC, Rolls-<br />

Royce, Rotax and many others.<br />

22 • Certification is coming for eVTOL<br />

26 • Korean Drone and UAM Expo <strong>2023</strong><br />

A Glimpse of General Aviation and AAM<br />

in Korea<br />

30 • The Growing Pains of<br />

Electric Commuters<br />

34 • World Overview: eVTOL & more<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong><br />

www.flying-pages.com<br />

Publisher, Flying-pages GmbH, Buttersteig 11,<br />

D-16831 Rheinsberg OT Zühlen<br />

• phone: D-033931/80 60 27, Fax.: D-030/34 70 91 24<br />

• info@flying-pages.com • www.flying-pages.com<br />

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Worldwide Willi Tacke, • phone :+49 (0)8841 / 487 515,<br />

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• rosi@flying-pages.com<br />

USA, Bettina C. Larrarte • phone: +1 970 310 1410<br />

• bc@flying-pages.com<br />

EDITORIAL<br />

Robby Bayerl, Marino Boric, Greg Bowls, René Coulon, Dimitri Delemarle,<br />

Jan Fridrich, Mike Friend, Xin Guo, Martin Hardung, Dan Johnson, Klaus<br />

Köhmstedt, Bettina Cosima Larrarte, Germán Larrarte, Werner Pfändler, Jan<br />

Otto Reimers, Torkell Saetervade, Christian Tacke, Julia Tacke, Willi Tacke, Dave<br />

Unwin, Qinyin Zhang, Markus Villinger, Jean-Marie Urlacher (Photo).<br />

Managing Editor, Design: Bettina Cosima Larrarte<br />

Technical Proofreader/USA: Vickie Betts<br />

Online: Achim Holzmann<br />

© <strong>2023</strong> Flying-Pages GmbH. No part of this publication may be reproduced,<br />

stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form, or by any means,<br />

electrical, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior<br />

permission of the copyright owner.<br />

DISCLAIMER<br />

This publication consists largely of information supplied by traders and<br />

manufacturers. Flying-Pages GmbH and its associates do not take any<br />

responsibility for the data, facts, wording, addresses, prices and spelling of<br />

the items published and do not claim the market survey to be complete. The<br />

publisher has made every effort to ensure its accuracy and completeness, and<br />

has queried many facts during its compilation, but cannot be held responsible<br />

for errors or omissions, or for any problems arising from them, or for the use<br />

to which the information is put.<br />

4 e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


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e News<br />

Lilium Raised a New Capital Goal<br />

of $292 Million<br />

The German eVTOL startup Lilium has raised the goal for a funding<br />

round launched on May 1 to $292 million. The company has<br />

received $100 million in this round from Tecent, its major shareholder,<br />

in Mayon the condition that Tecent would pledge a further<br />

$75 million if Lilium could raise at least the same amount<br />

in equity, debt, or grants from third parties. Lilium has achieved<br />

that objective through a $75 million underwritten public offering<br />

of 57,692,308 of its Class A ordinary shares and a concurrent $42<br />

million public placement of 32,146,147 shares and warrants to<br />

purchase a further 8,036,528 shares. Earlybird Venture Capital<br />

has led support for the new public placement of shares, which<br />

has also come from BIT Capital, UVC Partners, and Frank Thelen,<br />

as well as multiple Lilium board members and senior executives.<br />

The public offering of Lilium stock is expected to close on July 18,<br />

with the private placements to follow in two batches by July 31.<br />

Electra To Use<br />

Safran’s Turbogenerator<br />

In June during the Paris Air Show Safran Helicopter Engines will<br />

develop the 600-kilowatt turbogenerator hybrid electric propulsion<br />

system for the prototype of the American electric airplane<br />

startup Electra.aero’s nine-passenger, hybrid-electric short-takeoff-and-landing<br />

(eSTOL) aircraft. In early June Electra rolled out<br />

a two-seat technology demonstrator<br />

vehicle which uses blown<br />

lift via distributed electric propulsion.<br />

It plans to be ready to fly the<br />

full-scale prototype in 2025 as it<br />

advances toward FAA Part 23 certification<br />

in 2028. According to<br />

Electra, the Safran turbogenerator<br />

is the heart of the prototype’s hybrid-electric<br />

propulsion architecture.<br />

The turbogenerator includes<br />

a gas turbine based on Safran’s<br />

Arrano turboshaft engine driving two GENeUS electric generators,<br />

as well as an electrical power management system. Safran<br />

said it has already ground-tested several types of turbogenerators<br />

at various power levels..<br />

6 e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


e News<br />

VoltAero Received<br />

€5.6 million Grant<br />

The French electric commuter startup VoltAero, founded<br />

by the former CTO of Airbus Jean Botti, received a Euro<br />

5.6 million ($6 million) grant from the French government<br />

in June. The fundingis part of the country’s France 2030 investment<br />

fund and was awarded by BPI France, the agency<br />

tasked with fueling economic growth by backing entrepreneurs.VoltAero<br />

is developing three versions of a hybrid<br />

electric airplane called Cassio sharing a high degree of<br />

modularity and commonality. The Cassio will use Safran’s<br />

EngineUs electric motors in the aft fuselage-mounted propulsion<br />

system for all-electric power during taxi, takeoff, and<br />

landing. The hybrid feature—with an internal combustion engine—comes<br />

into play as a range extender, recharging the batteries<br />

in flight. Plans call for the five-seat Cassio 330, powered by<br />

the 330-kilowatt electric-hybrid propulsion system, to come first.<br />

VoltAero’s follow-on six-seat Cassio 480 would generate electric-hybrid<br />

propulsion power of 480 kilowatts, while the 12-seat<br />

Cassio 600 would feature useful power of 600 kilowatts.The aircraft<br />

will be certified under EASA’s CS23 certification specifications<br />

for single-engine, general aviation aircraft. Each Cassio aircraft<br />

will have a range of about 800 miles (1,300 kilometers) and<br />

a cruise speed of around 230 mph (370 km/h). The all-electric<br />

range would be less than 94 miles (150 kilometers).<br />

Boeing Took Full Ownership of<br />

Wisk eVTOL From Kitty Hawk<br />

Joby Received $100 Million From<br />

SK Telecom<br />

In late May Boeing announced that it had taken full ownership<br />

of eVTOL aircraft developer Wisk Aero, a joint venture with Kitty<br />

Hawk, an eVTOL start-up founded by Google co-founder Larry<br />

Page. Boeing formed the joint venture with Kitty Hawk in 2019<br />

and made a$450 million investment in Wisk in early 2022. Kitty<br />

Hawk closed down in September 2022. Wisk plans to bring a<br />

four-seat, passenger-carrying autonomous eVTOL to market. As<br />

a wholly owned subsidiary of the Boeing group, Wisk will continue<br />

to operate as an independent company with oversight by the<br />

Boeing board.<br />

In June Joby announced that South Korea’s SK Telecom (SKT) is<br />

making a $100 million equity investment in Joby Aviation, building<br />

on a partnership it started with the eVTOL aircraft developer<br />

last year. The two parties signed the agreement two days before<br />

the roll-out ceremony for the first production-conforming prototype<br />

of Joby’s S4 eVTOLon June 28. The new funding will support<br />

Joby’s participation with SKT in the Korea Urban Air Mobility<br />

(K-UAM) Grand Challenge to prepare the way for the start of eV-<br />

TOL air services in the Asian country. Joby first signed a collaboration<br />

agreement with SKT in February 2022 and then expanded<br />

this in May 2022 to include mobility platform TMAP.<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong><br />

7


e News<br />

Whisper Aero Reveals Design Concept<br />

of Regioal Electric Commuter<br />

In early June the American electric propulsion startup,<br />

Whisper Aero, founded by Mark Moore, one of<br />

the key people of Uber’s Elevate urban air mobility<br />

project, revealed its electric propulsion system using<br />

a special type of electric ducted fan along with a<br />

regional commuter called Whisper Jet utilizing this<br />

quiet electric propulsion system. The Tennesseebased<br />

startup has been developing for more than<br />

two yearswhat it claims will be the quietest and<br />

most efficient propulsion system on the market.<br />

Whisper claims that it has redesigned the ducted<br />

fan concept to achieve nearly the absolute optimum<br />

in terms of noise and efficiency. Whisper engineered<br />

a ducted fan with a very high blade count<br />

and low tip speed.The Whisper Jet concept is the<br />

first example of an aircraft design that utilizes the company’s proprietary<br />

electric ducted fans. It features an outboard horizontal tail<br />

configuration and has 22 ducted fans built into the leading edge of<br />

its 15-meterfixed wing. Whisper says the Whisper Jet could carry<br />

nine passengers plus one pilot on regional flights of up to 800 kilometers<br />

using a hybrid-electric powertrain. Alternatively, it could<br />

use a fully electric powertrain that would provide a shorter range of<br />

about 320 kilometers.<br />

EcoPulse Demonstrator Unveiled<br />

by Airbus, Daher and Safran<br />

The Distributed Hybrid-Electric Propulsion aircraft demonstrator<br />

called “EcoPulse” jointly developed by Airbus, Daher and Safran<br />

was unveiled at the Paris Airshow in June. The demonstrator was<br />

launched in 2019 and is based on Daher’s TBM light-aircraft platform<br />

and is supported by CORAC* (the French Civil Aviation<br />

Research Council) and co-funded by the French Government and<br />

the EU. The objective is to advance technology “techno-bricks”<br />

which could contribute to the decarbonization efforts of the aviation<br />

industry. In particular, the demonstrator will evaluate the advantages<br />

of distributed propulsion, onboard overall energy efficiency<br />

(fuel reduction) and high-voltage electrical propulsion and<br />

battery in terms of their potential for integration on future aircraft.<br />

The project’s collaborative teams at Daher,<br />

Safran and Airbus are preparing the final<br />

aerodynamic and systems configuration, in<br />

particular relating to the six distinctive electric<br />

propellers (or e-Propellers) mounted on<br />

the wing’s leading edge as well as the novel<br />

on-board electrical distribution, propulsion,<br />

and flight control systems. The demonstrator<br />

plans to make the maiden flight powered<br />

only by electricity later this year.<br />

8 e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


e News<br />

H2Fly Making Progress<br />

with Hydrogen<br />

In June the German hydrogen aviation startup H2Fly, which was<br />

acquired by Joby, announced plans for a new family of fuel cell<br />

systems that can operate at altitudes of up to 27,000 feet. The<br />

German company said the H175 technology will be scalable for<br />

a variety of hydrogen-electric aircraft in the 1-MW class and seating<br />

between 20 and 80 passengers.According to H2Fly, the new<br />

propulsion systems will represent a significant step up in performance<br />

compared with the hydrogen fuel cell demonstrator aircraft<br />

flown to date. The company aims to conduct its first flight<br />

demonstrations later this year with its own testbed as it works toward<br />

readying the new propulsion system for commercial service<br />

in 2027.H2Fly will act as the integrator for powertrains that will include<br />

fuel cells, storage,cooling systems, and an electric motor.<br />

At some point, it intends to select a strategic partner to provide<br />

the motors. In the longer term, the company aims to scale up the<br />

propulsion systems to support 2MW requirements.<br />

Volocopter plans to carry their first paid passengers during the<br />

Paris Olympic Games in 2024<br />

During the Paris Air Show in June Volocopterand its French partners<br />

announced that Volocopter plans to secure type certification<br />

by EASA for the two-seat VoloCityeVTOLfor the Paris Olympic<br />

Games which open on July 26, 2024,to demonstrate the potential<br />

for new aircraft to enhance public transportation in and around<br />

the French capital. The project is called ReInvent Mobility and the<br />

Frenchairports group ADP is one of the prime movers behind the<br />

program. Edward Cartwright, director general of airports group<br />

ADP, confirmed that five eVTOL will fly passengers between five<br />

vertiport sites, including two airports, Charles de Gaulle and Le<br />

Bourget (site of the Olympic media village), Saint-Cyr (near the<br />

equestrian center at Versailles), the Issy les Moulineaux helipad<br />

in the southern Paris suburbs, and a new landing site on a<br />

barge in the Seine River next to the Gare d’Austerlitz rail station.<br />

Volocopter expects to have five VoloCity aircraft available to operate<br />

during the Olympic Games and will likely market the limited-availability<br />

tickets for flights via its own VoloIQ app and other<br />

outlets.<br />

17th Electric Aircraft Symposium<br />

CAFE EAS Oshkosh<br />

The 17th CAFE Electric Aircraft Symposium will be hold<br />

22rd and 23rd July in Oshkosh, WI the weekend before<br />

Airventure. This event is a “Must” for all who are interested<br />

in electric flying. Like in the last years CAFE joint<br />

forces for the event with the Vertical Flight Society (VFS).<br />

Leading eVTOL companies from around the world will<br />

be present as well as companies and institutions which<br />

work on conventional electric Aircraft. Who cannot make<br />

it to Wisconsin in time can still join virtually, the session is<br />

transmitted live in the internet. See the schedule and registration<br />

at<br />

https://vtol.org/events/<strong>2023</strong>-electric-aircraft-symposium<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong><br />

9


E xpo / Fair<br />

12th e-Flight-Expo / Germany<br />

The e-flight-Expo Hall A7 was more crowded<br />

than ever this year! There were many new<br />

and some well-known projects to see, admire<br />

and touch: from electric drive trains for existing<br />

aircraft to innovative motors, fuel cells,<br />

eVTOLs and seaplanes to simulators for all<br />

kinds of aircraft. A crowded hall. The lecture<br />

program on the topic of hydrogen rounded<br />

off the program of the e-flight-Expo at AERO.<br />

The number of visitors shows that we are on<br />

the right track: for the first time, the E hall<br />

was just as well attended as the other A halls.<br />

The Electro aerobatic<br />

plane from<br />

Pie aeronef in<br />

Switzerland presented<br />

for the<br />

first time AERO.<br />

The Flywhale presented<br />

for the first<br />

time with its new<br />

owner Dornier at<br />

AERO.<br />

The electric aerobatic<br />

aircraft from<br />

Pie Aeronef from<br />

Switzerland presented<br />

for the first<br />

time at AERO.<br />

Like many<br />

others, the e-<br />

aircraft motor<br />

manufacturer<br />

eVolio also uses<br />

the chance to<br />

look for new<br />

employees at<br />

AERO.<br />

The eVTOL company Zuri does not come<br />

from Switzerland, as many assume, but<br />

from the Czech Republic. At AERO <strong>2023</strong>,<br />

they showed a virtual mockup of the cabin<br />

of their hybrid aircraft.<br />

Last year, students from ETH Zurich not<br />

only electrified a Zlin metal low-wing<br />

aircraft, but also got it airborne in the<br />

fall.<br />

The fuel cell drive train developed by<br />

Hy-Fly not only supplies the Dornier<br />

Flywhale with drive energy, but also<br />

the Taifun motorglider of the Technical<br />

University of Würzburg-Schweinfurt<br />

(THWS).<br />

10<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


E xpo / Fair<br />

With their Elektra trainer, the company Elektra Solar presented<br />

the first e-two-seater approved in the German UL class.<br />

Nex from Berlin showed a 50% sub-scale prototype of its fuel cell<br />

eVTOL which claims to have a range of over 500 kilometers.<br />

The Bristel from BRM electrified by the Swiss startup H55 founded<br />

by the world flyer Andreé Borschberg.<br />

The battery pack of the e-Sling, the metal ultralight from South<br />

Africa electrified by students from ETH Zurich/Switzerland.<br />

With the eMagic, the complete lifting system has been revised.<br />

The CEO Michael Kügelgen in conversation with Professor<br />

Holzapfel from the Technical University of Munich (above).<br />

Geiger Engineering not only manufactures electric motors for<br />

the Elektra Trainer, but also supplies a whole range of other aircraft<br />

with thrust.<br />

Olexander Voronin, head of AEROS in the Ukraine, has had a<br />

trike with an electric motor in his range for a long time.<br />

Represented for the first time with a large stand in the A7: DLR<br />

with its various research institutes.<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong><br />

11


E xpo / Fair<br />

12th e-Flight-Expo / Germany<br />

The eflight Expo Award has been presented<br />

since the first e-flight Expo. Since the number<br />

of aviation companies that work sustainably<br />

is constantly increasing, the trade<br />

fair organizers around Tobias Brezel have<br />

decided to take this into account when it<br />

comes to the prize: instead of one, there<br />

were three prizes this year. In addition to<br />

the e-flight Expo Award for the best e-aircraft,<br />

there was one for the most innovative<br />

drive train and one for the jury prize.<br />

Voltaero Cassio 330<br />

Willi Tacke together<br />

with Jean Botti in the<br />

mockup of the Cassio<br />

330 with virtual reality.<br />

Jean Botti and his company VoltAERO won<br />

the e-Flight Expo Award for the best overall<br />

concept with his Cassio 330. This was<br />

presented as a model and a cabin mockup<br />

and is scheduled to fly this year.<br />

The HyFly consortium, led by Karl<br />

Käser, is working on a fuel cell powertrain<br />

for various aircraft. A motor glider<br />

and the Dornier Seawhale with its drive<br />

were shown at AERO.<br />

The Institute for Flight System Dynamics<br />

at TUM received the jury prize for the development<br />

of a full motion eVTOL simulator.<br />

This is based on the actually calculated<br />

control algorithms of real eVTOLs.<br />

12<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


E xpo / Fair<br />

Panel 1: Tom Gunnarson (Wisk), Alex Walsh (Opener), Michael<br />

Kügelgen (eMagic), Tine Tomasciz (Pipistrel), Calin Gologan (Elektra<br />

Solar) (from left to right).<br />

Panel 2 Hydrogene: Mike Friend, Jacques-Alexis Verrechia (Beyond<br />

AERO) Johannes Garbino-Anton (Nex AERO), Willi Tacke (from left to<br />

right).<br />

Panel 4 Hybrid Solutions: Eric Bartsch (Verdego Aero), Jean Botti<br />

(Voltaero), Prof. Lars Enghardt (DLR e-Propulsion Systems) (from<br />

left to right).<br />

Panel 4: Willi Tacke, Olaf Otto (Rolls-Royce), Mike Friend, Laura<br />

Leoncini (Eaton) (from left to right).<br />

The full motion simulator of the TUM enables the simulation of different<br />

eVTOLs; a partner company supplies the motion unit.<br />

VR glasses and digital cockpit are combined in such a way that a<br />

realistic feeling of movement is created.<br />

The VR glasses enable an all-round view; communication with the<br />

operator of the simulator is possible via the headset.<br />

“Real simulation“: The original control software of the eVTOL runs<br />

on a computer, and its inputs are then sent to the simulation<br />

4<br />

program.<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong><br />

13


e Personality<br />

show<br />

Paris Le Bourget<br />

Airshow becomes an E-vent<br />

Vaeridion based in Munich, Germany is working on a 9-seat fully electric commuter aircraft. Due to good aerodynamic efficiency<br />

they expect a range of up to 500 Kilometers.<br />

The first day of the show VoltAero´s Cassio 330 made<br />

the front page of the show’s daily newspaper - and<br />

not one of the airliner or military planes. Subjects<br />

like the Paris Airlab and the eVTOL special exhibition<br />

Volocopters “Test flight for 2024 Olympics” rounded<br />

the picture of the First Paris Airshow eVent, including<br />

on the public days the first appearance of the<br />

Elektra Trainer at the booth of the French Ultralight<br />

Association.<br />

A lot of eVTOLs and other aircraft could be seen in full size<br />

with prototypes or mock-ups for the first time in Europe:<br />

Archer’s Midnight, Autoflight’s Prosperity 1, Boeing’s Wisk<br />

Gen 6, and the latest version of the VoloCity and eHang’s<br />

216.<br />

Other VTOL companies like Airbus (small model) or<br />

Joby (only videos) and Lilium or Embraer were present<br />

with cabin mock-ups of their prototypes. Not present were<br />

Vertical and Hyundai who only shared announcements<br />

with the crowd of journalists.<br />

Some years ago, Electric aviation was merely a curiosity<br />

at the Paris Airshow in Le Bourget. In <strong>2023</strong> it’s becoming<br />

more and more mainstream. <strong>eFlight</strong> debuted nearly every<br />

Bluspririt: 10 e-motors, each with its own fuel cell.<br />

The fuselage of the Bluespirit 4-seater in carbon fiber.<br />

14 e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


e -show<br />

One of the stars of the show: the Prosperity 1 from Autoflight. On bord: Bülent Bayram (front) and Lukasz Gadowski from the<br />

main investor, the German based Team Global.<br />

day including a special exhibition for eVTOL and e-Option<br />

at nearly all manufacturers, from Airbus over Boeing (with<br />

Wisk), Daher, Embraer (with EVE), Diamond, Textron (with<br />

its new subsidiary Pipistrel) to Safran and Rolls-Royce.<br />

Parisian confiserie:<br />

Not to count the numerous start-ups in this field - and the<br />

Autoflight chocolates<br />

start-ups were among the most innovative ones.<br />

were fresh every day.<br />

On the eVTOL exhibition side it was the Chinese-German<br />

Manufacturer Autoflight which got most of the attention for<br />

its Prosperity One. It was the world Premier of this 5th prototype<br />

of the Prosperity. It was also the first time the company<br />

showed its aircraft outside of China since the debut<br />

of the V 600 at AERO 2019. Due to its world record<br />

(over 250 Kilometres with 1800 kg take-off weight), from<br />

February this year the attention for the vehicle among aviators,<br />

investors and potential operators was very high. Even<br />

the gigantic Archer Midnight – which was shown indoors<br />

at the eVTOL Special exhibition in Hall 5 - drew less attention.<br />

A highlight was the flight of the Volocopter at the<br />

Paris Airshow, but it was not really new for the Parisians after<br />

several test flights in Pontoise. It was not the prototype Rolls-Royce electrical showed the<br />

of the Volocity which was flying in Le Bourget but the ‘old’ latest turbo Generator (up to 1<br />

Megawatt) and the last generation of<br />

VC 200 which was already flying in 2021 at the same spot.<br />

eVTOL lift motor, which will fly in EVE<br />

On the conventional fixed-wing eAircraft side Jean Botti,<br />

and vertical aircraft.<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong> 15


e show<br />

ex-CTO of Airbus, was the star of the show in Le Bourget.<br />

For the first time he did not show only the Cabin mock-up<br />

and scaled models of the 6 occupants hybrid electric aircraft<br />

but the real fuselage of the first prototype which – if<br />

everything goes according to plan - “shall fly before the<br />

end of the year,” said Botti in Paris. The non pressurized<br />

commuter aircraft had the real hybrid propulsion system<br />

inside but the wings and canards mounted on this prototype<br />

were still mock-up; however, the “Real wings are at<br />

the moment already in the building process and will be attached<br />

to the Fuselage right after the show.“<br />

Botti showed the propulsion hybrid system which<br />

Voltaeros developed together with the Japanese motorbike<br />

manufacturer Kawasaki and the French Airline propulsion<br />

supplier Safran. The first prototype is based on<br />

a 4-cylinder motorcycle motor. For the serial version<br />

Kawasaki developed, for the moment, a 6-cylinder engine<br />

dedicated to aviation which shall be certified not only for<br />

the Volt Aero hybrid system but also as a conventional<br />

aviation engine. “The Motor and the Hybrid system is,”<br />

Botti stresses, “now ready to run on Mogas, Saf, eSaf and<br />

direct Hydrogen.”<br />

Hydogen is also the keyword for another French team<br />

which was showing their aircraft fuselage for the first time.<br />

BlueSpirit AERO, the company located near the Airbus<br />

main facility in Toulouse, wants to produce a 4-seat GA<br />

training aircraft with a fuel cell propulsion system. The<br />

speciality of the aircraft called Dragonfly operates with<br />

distributed propulsion, which means not just one or two<br />

large motors and propellers tow the aircraft, but six motors<br />

along the leading edge of the main wing. “In our case<br />

there is another speciality. Each motor propeller unit is<br />

equipped with its own fuel cell and Hydrogen tank”, explains<br />

David Vincekovic, Head of Aerodynamics and<br />

Flight Physics at BlueSpirit. The advantage is more redundancy<br />

and better cooling for the fuel cells.<br />

Also hidden among the hundreds of booths of mainly<br />

suppliers was another eAircraft start-up from Germany<br />

(Munich), Vaeridion. It´s a spin-off created by several airbus<br />

engineers who want to fly with up to 9 seats fully electric<br />

distances of up to 200 kilometers. “Our secret, very<br />

high-efficient wing and an aerodynamic fuselage with optimized<br />

battery placement,” explains Ivor van Dartelt, the<br />

Dutch CEO and Co-Founder of VÆRIDION.<br />

Even on the very light side of aviation <strong>eFlight</strong> is getting<br />

into Paris. Next to Pipistrel Velis which is already in<br />

operations with several flight schools in France, the company<br />

Aura presented an electric version of their aerobatic<br />

plane and the planning of a larger eCommuter. And last<br />

but not least on the public days (Friday through Sunday)<br />

the Elektra Trainer was the star of the French Ultralight<br />

Federation booth. “Because our trainer is the only 2-seater<br />

which can fly inside the French weight limits for ultralights<br />

of 525 kilograms; in contrast most other European<br />

countries have 600 kg,” said Calin Gologan, founder and<br />

CEO of the manufacturer Electra Solar which was also<br />

represented in Paris with the SolarStratos Program. 4<br />

Beyond Aero, a french startup, wants to develop a fuel-cell-driven<br />

electric business jet.<br />

Yannick Schwartzenbart from Beyond explains the<br />

test powertrain which will be mounted in an ultralight.<br />

Panel discussion in the eVTOL special exhibition<br />

in Hall 5.<br />

16 e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


e show<br />

Ecopuls is a joint venture from several french companies. Next to<br />

Airbus there are also the companies Daher and Safran involved; the<br />

props come from Duc Helice.<br />

Total Energy demonstrated their plans for a charging infrastructure<br />

for electric aircraft with a Pipistrel Velis,<br />

the only electric aircraft in a serial production at the<br />

moment.<br />

The Part 23 newcomer Elixir did not show an electric version but one<br />

with a Turbotech turbine which can burn hydrogen.<br />

Calin Gologan´s Elektra Trainer was the star at the Air<br />

sport booth of FFPLUM, the French UL association.<br />

Calamalo Aviation presented this seaplane design of a 4-seat for<br />

Part 23 with foldable air-foils.<br />

The solar Stratos, presented in Le Bourget, is also a<br />

design of Calin Gologan - like the Elektra Trainer.<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong> 17


e show<br />

Volocopter is focussed on the flights next year in Paris. On preparation<br />

for the Olympics 2024 the company wants to fly, with EASA certification,<br />

passengers to the event. CTO Sebastian Mores explains the<br />

company´s strategy to e-flight-<strong>Journal</strong> editor Willi Tacke. Volocopter<br />

also announced a partnership with Safran at the Paris Airshow.<br />

The Brasilian eVTOL manufacturer EVE, a subsidiary<br />

of the airline manufacturer Embraer, did show only<br />

the cabin mockup in Paris. But the mother company<br />

Embraer announced on the first day of the show that<br />

they will work together with the e-motor manufacturer<br />

Nidec from Japan to develop an aviation electric propulsion<br />

system.<br />

Chinas eHang was present with their 216<br />

two-seater prototype - the<br />

company is focussing on certification in China.<br />

Boeings Wisk showed the Gen 6 prototype in Paris.<br />

The company changed from “lift and cruise” to tilt<br />

rotor.<br />

The French company Ascendance from Toulouse showed a model of<br />

their aircraft with fans in the 2 wings.<br />

Lilium from Germany was present with a mockup of<br />

their 7-seater cabin, but no real aircraft.<br />

18 e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


e interview<br />

Interview Jean Botti, Voltaero<br />

Open for every fuel<br />

Jean Botti was, as Airbus CTO, responsible for many<br />

aircraft, for example the eFan. Now he has again a<br />

world premiere at his home Airshow Le Bourget. With<br />

his new company VoltAero he showed the full size<br />

Casio 330 hybrid electric aircraft. e-flight-<strong>Journal</strong> editor<br />

Willi Tacke took the opportunity to speak with him<br />

at the show.<br />

e-flight-<strong>Journal</strong>: How is it to be back here in your French<br />

‘living room’ with a new company?<br />

Jean Botti: It´s nice to be back! We have been here already<br />

with the first Casio prototype for trying the system<br />

but it’s so much better to be here with the<br />

aircraft which will be close to the product.<br />

e-flight-<strong>Journal</strong>: Now - at the public days<br />

- many of the large company’s executives<br />

have left. You are still here - do you still expect<br />

business?<br />

Jean Botti: Yes, we have people coming<br />

this morning who want see the real aircraft.<br />

It is a potential customer who wants<br />

to use the aircraft for cargo. Basically we<br />

have three variants. Passenger, cargo and<br />

medical and we have potential customers<br />

in all fields. Especially the cargo people<br />

are strongly interested in the low noise options<br />

in which the aircraft can take off and<br />

land. In all three modes, hybrid with both<br />

motors, only combustion engine and only<br />

with the electric motor.<br />

e-flight-<strong>Journal</strong>: Who developed the hybrid motor system?<br />

As normally, in aviation – it’s a saying - do not combine<br />

a new aircraft with a new engine.<br />

Jean Botti: We had no choice. There was no propulsion<br />

system, like we think is necessary for such an aircraft,<br />

available. We did find very strong and motivated partners<br />

in Kawasaki, the huge Japanese motorcycle manufacturer<br />

and with a lot of experience in light reliable motorcycle<br />

engines. Also Safran, a leading European turbine manufacturer,<br />

who is investing a lot to be also in the lead in<br />

electric propulsion systems.<br />

e-flight-<strong>Journal</strong>: Is Kawasaki only delivering the motor or<br />

Jean Botti with his Voltaero<br />

Cassio 330 in Paris<br />

are they also participating in the whole development?<br />

Jean Botti: They are deeply involved! You can see this in the fact that<br />

the president of the company is with us here at the show with a whole<br />

team. In the first prototype we use a four-cylinder from a motorcycle, but<br />

Kawasaki is now developing a stronger six-cylinder engine specially dedicated<br />

to aviation. They are also consider offering the motor as a standalone<br />

low consumption, high power, light weight, thermal engine for GA.<br />

e-flight-<strong>Journal</strong>: When do you think the maiden flight of the 330 will happen?<br />

When do you expect the certification, and when will the first aircraft<br />

be delivered?<br />

Jean Botti: Maiden flight should happen either near the end of <strong>2023</strong> year<br />

or in the first quarter of 2024.<br />

For the certification the EASA has dedicated a whole team for our project.<br />

So we expect the certification by the end of 2024 and to deliver the<br />

first planes in 2025.<br />

e-flight-<strong>Journal</strong>: As you want to use the aircraft on as many routes as<br />

possible, will it be a STOL (Short Take Off and Landing)<br />

aircraft?<br />

Jean Botti: Yes, the aircraft will be STOL as it only will<br />

need a 600-meter runway. For sure it also can be operated<br />

from grass runways.<br />

e-flight-<strong>Journal</strong>: The aircraft is a pusher, which are normally<br />

known for making more noise than tractor props.<br />

Jean Botti: Next to the fact that we can take off with electric<br />

power, also the company Duc developed for us a special<br />

five-blade variable pitch prop which has a maximum<br />

turn rate of only 2000 rpm.<br />

e-flight-<strong>Journal</strong>: Which fuel will your motor use?<br />

Jean Botti: You can say we are energy agnostic. We want<br />

to have this low noise electric commuter plane and the<br />

battery energy at the moment is not sufficient for our<br />

missions. We looked at all types. The motor can run on<br />

Mogas, but as well on Saf, eSaf (created from hydrogen)<br />

but it can as well also burn hydrogen directly.<br />

e-flight-<strong>Journal</strong>: In which part of the world do you see the first customers<br />

for your aircraft?<br />

Jean Botti: Sure it´s USA! But we also have an order of 25 aircraft from<br />

New Zealand. Also we have requests from Europe and many other parts<br />

of the world.<br />

e-flight-<strong>Journal</strong>: Final question here at the show, which is a show for<br />

commercial aircraft. Was it better to be here as CTO of the big Airbus or<br />

better to be here as an entrepreneur with VoltAero?<br />

Jean Botti: It’s definitely better to be here with your own company as<br />

your own boss. In our small team we can get things done amazingly fast<br />

without the big overhead.<br />

e-flight-<strong>Journal</strong>: Thank you for your time. 4<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong> 19


e show<br />

Norwegian startup Elfly unveiles Noemi<br />

Electric Amphibian Aircraft<br />

The Noemi is a conventional seaplane with 2 motors and propellers with a undership designed for STOL.<br />

A few days before the Paris Airshow on June 14th, Norwegian<br />

start-up Elfly unveiled their full electric amphibian plane named<br />

“Noemi” (No emission) in Oslo. The company said that early versions<br />

of the Noemi will have between 6 and 13 seats and will reach<br />

around the 200-kilometer range at speeds of up to 250 knots, with<br />

a pair of electric motors with output of one megawatt.<br />

The company plans to fly the prototype in 2025 and to certify the aircraft<br />

under EASA’s CS23 Level 4 rules to give it scope to scale up the<br />

design to carry as many as 19 passengers. Elfly said that the aircraft<br />

will be ready to enter commercial service in 2030 with a cargo version<br />

ready by 2028.<br />

There will be three cabin options for passenger-carrying versions of the<br />

Noemi, ranging from a six-seat VIP model to nine- and 13-seaters that<br />

could be used respectively for business flights or short tourist sightseeing<br />

trips. A large door will be available for use by passengers in wheelchairs<br />

or for loading freight.<br />

Elfly is no stranger to electric aviation. The company has been designing,<br />

producing and test flying the electric racer airplane to participate<br />

in the Air Race E electric air race event. CTO of the company Tomas<br />

Brødreskift established Equator Aircraft in 2010 and developed and<br />

test flew the P2 Xcursion electric amphibian airplane later on. Elfly has<br />

recruited engineers from companies such as eVTOL aircraft developer<br />

Lilium and Germany’s Dornier, the veteran seaplane manufacturer.<br />

The difference between Elfly and many other eCTOL and eVTOL is that<br />

they have a clearly defined domestic market. Norway is ideally located<br />

to pioneer next-gen, environmentally friendly seaplanes,<br />

with more than 1,000 fjords and 450,000 lakes. Potential<br />

routes include Bergen to Stavanger, used by 550,000 flying<br />

passengers annually. Some 500,000 travel by bus (a<br />

4.5-hour journey), while 70,000 go by ferry. Noemi would<br />

cut journey time to under an hour. And this market is defined<br />

and granted by the Norwegian Government which<br />

in 2017 made the decision to electrify domestic flights.<br />

In the past decade Norway has proven that by policy they<br />

can reach such goals. Nowadays it is the country with the<br />

highest rate of electric cars per inhabitants. Nearly 100%<br />

of the electric energy is produced by renewable sources<br />

(wind, water, solar); electrifying in Norway can be really<br />

carbon neutral 4<br />

Noemi launch in Oslo: in the foreground the Equator.<br />

20<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


th<br />

SHOW<br />

SEE YOU AT OUR<br />

30 TH ANNIVERSARY<br />

SHOW!<br />

April 17 – 20, 2024<br />

Friedrichshafen | Germany<br />

#weareGA<br />

#aerofriedrichshafen<br />

EDNY: N 47 40.3 E 009 30.7<br />

www.aero-expo.com


e Market Congress Watch<br />

Autoflight´s<br />

Prosperity<br />

eVTOL now appears to be more<br />

tangible than ever before because<br />

the prospect of being certified<br />

is clearer and clearer. Several<br />

models in different markets<br />

around the world have reached<br />

a substantial stage of certification<br />

over the past year: for example<br />

Joby’s S4 in the US, Volocopter’s<br />

VoloCity in Europe,<br />

eHang’s 216, and Autoflight’s<br />

Prosperity in China. Any aircraft<br />

designer knows how hard it is<br />

to certify a new model, let alone<br />

with disruptive technology and<br />

design like eVTOL. So just for<br />

obtaining the type certificate<br />

alone, it is already a historymaking<br />

achievement for eVTOL.<br />

Following are updates of some<br />

of the eVTOL models with a<br />

good head-start of certification<br />

around the world.<br />

22 e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


Market Watch<br />

Joby.<br />

Joby<br />

JJoby Aviation has submitted all of its Certification Plans to<br />

the FAA, marking further progress toward completing the<br />

third of five stages required to certify its aircraft for commercial<br />

use. In the third stage of the FAA type certification<br />

process (“Certification Plans”), Joby specifies the tests,<br />

analyses, and design reports the company intends to perform<br />

to demonstrate compliance with each safety regulation<br />

that applies to the company’s aircraft, as defined in<br />

the second stage (“Means of Compliance”). In February,<br />

Joby became the first eVTOL company to complete the<br />

second stage of the certification process, after becoming<br />

the first to complete stage one and have its Certification<br />

Basis published in the Federal Register.<br />

Joby’s stage three submittals include about a dozen<br />

Area-Specific Certification Plans (ASCPs), which cover<br />

both hardware and software aspects of every system<br />

onboard the company’s five-seat eVTOL aircraft, including<br />

its flight controls, energy storage and distribution system,<br />

and propulsion system. In addition to submitting all<br />

of its ASCPs, as expected, Joby has also submitted all other<br />

Certification Plans comprising the third stage of its aircraft<br />

type certification program, including detailed plans<br />

for aircraft cyber security and systems safety. In June<br />

Joby rolled out the first company conforming prototype at<br />

its pilot production line in Marina, CA,securing a Special<br />

Airworthiness Certificate from the FAA, clearing it to begin<br />

flight testing. The aircraft is expected to be delivered to<br />

Edwards Air Force Base as part of Joby’s contract with the<br />

U.S. Air Force worth up to $131 million.<br />

Volocopter<br />

As the first and only eVTOL company as of today receiving<br />

Design Organization Approval (DOA) from the European<br />

Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), Volocopter has<br />

committed to launching commercial air taxi services in cities<br />

like Singapore, Rome, NEOM, and Paris as early as<br />

2024. Volocopter’s VoloCity has passed critical design<br />

review. In February the European Union Aviation Safety<br />

Authority (EASA) and JCAB announced that they have accepted<br />

Volocopter’s application process for concurrent<br />

TC of the fully electric VoloCity aircraft to fly commercially<br />

in Japan. Volocopter is currently pushing the envelope<br />

on flight testing and is on target to achieve certification for<br />

the VoloCity from EASA in 2024. As of now, the company<br />

is pursuing concurrent validation with three non-European<br />

civil aviation authorities: JCAB in Japan, Federal Aviation<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong><br />

23


Market Watch<br />

Administration (FAA) in the United States, and the Civil<br />

Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS) in Singapore.<br />

In April Volocopter opened its production facilities in<br />

Bruchsal/Germany which will host the company’s final<br />

assembly line with an airfield to conduct development<br />

flight tests as well as quality checks. All company-owned<br />

production sites, which will manufacture the first EASAcertified<br />

electric air taxis, will ramp up into full operation<br />

in April. Volocopter’s production facilities have the capacity<br />

– and more importantly the regulatory approval – to assemble<br />

50+ VoloCity aircraft each year. And this is the final<br />

step of the production setup that Volocopter has been<br />

expanding in Bruchsal over the past 18 months. Since<br />

2021, the company holds an approval as a production<br />

organization in compliance with EASA regulation. This<br />

certification covers the entire VoloCity production process.<br />

It includes the manufacturing of carbon fiber parts,<br />

all aspects of the electric propulsion unit, final assembly<br />

with decking of the propulsion system and fuselage, and<br />

extensive end-of-line flight tests. As Volocopter and its<br />

French partners are clearly targeting the Paris Olympic<br />

Games in 2024 to launch a passenger-carrying trial operation,<br />

it will be very interesting to watch the movement of<br />

EASA in upcoming months.<br />

EHang<br />

In February 2022, the CAAC officially issued the Special<br />

Conditions for the EH216-S AAV, which provides the<br />

compliance basis and safety standards for EH216-S<br />

AAVs. EHang has established a regular cooperative work<br />

mechanism with the EH216-S AAV TC Review Panel organized<br />

by the CAAC. The Project Specific Certification<br />

Plan of EH216-S has been approved by the Civil Aviation<br />

Administration of China (“CAAC”). Various specified review<br />

subjects have been confirmed, including performance<br />

and flight, structural strength, design and configuration,<br />

ground control station, airborne human-computer<br />

interaction, totality, continued airworthiness, etc., and activities<br />

for demonstration and verification of compliance<br />

are being prepared. So far, EH216-S AAVs have completed<br />

more than 30,000 trial flights including passenger-carrying<br />

ones and test flights in extreme environments like<br />

high altitudes, typhoons, deserts, and heavy fog. The accumulated<br />

data, experience and safe records have been<br />

compiled to support demonstration and verification of<br />

compliance, and an appropriate amount of test flight subjects<br />

will be further supplemented to accelerate the completion<br />

of demonstration and verification of compliance.<br />

Archer<br />

Archer Aviation’s proposed Airworthiness Criteria for its<br />

Midnight aircraft was published in the Federal Register<br />

by the FAA in December 2022, a significant milestone<br />

on its path to certification. As part of the FAA’s<br />

Type Certification process for special class aircraft, the<br />

Airworthiness Criteria (i.e., the certification requirements<br />

for the particular aircraft) must be published in the Federal<br />

Register. Following the comment period, the FAA will finalize<br />

the Airworthiness Criteria for Archer’s Midnight aircraft.<br />

Archer has submitted 15 of 18 SSCPs to the FAA,<br />

Volocopter´s<br />

Volocity<br />

24 e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


Market Watch<br />

as well as their overarching PSCP. SSCPs provide precise<br />

detail on each of the specific tests and analyses that<br />

will be completed during the implementation phase of the<br />

project, in which the company willactually demonstrate<br />

to the FAA that Midnight meets all relevant FAA requirements<br />

necessary to receive Type Certification. The PSCP<br />

is the overall guiding document for the entire project that<br />

leverages all SSCPs to provide complete coverage for all<br />

global certification requirements.<br />

Autoflight<br />

AutoFlight established its R&D and certification center<br />

and their first location in Europe: A team led by former<br />

Airbus manager Mark R. Henning at Augsburg<br />

Airport in Germany. The team’s first task is to achieve<br />

European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) certification for<br />

AutoFlight’s ‘Prosperity I’ eVTOL with a range of approximately<br />

250 kilometers. The certification program began<br />

this year, with completion expected by 2025.A dedicated<br />

team will work at the R&D and certification center in<br />

Augsburg. AutoFlight plans to establish additional locations<br />

for test and demonstration flights across Europe.<br />

‘Prosperity I’ is the company’s first manned aircraft.<br />

Previously, the company’s focus was on unmanned cargo<br />

drones.<br />

In December 2022 the review team of the Chinese regulator<br />

CAAC approved the Certification Plan (CP) and<br />

the compliance checklist of the certification basic terms<br />

of the cargo drone model V2000CG marking the certification<br />

of this model formally entering the “Conformity<br />

Confirmation” stage. Though it is a drone model, the configuration<br />

is similar to the passenger-carrying Prosperity<br />

I and has about the same two metric ton takeoff weight,<br />

making it one of the largest cargo drones in the world undergoing<br />

certification.<br />

The progress of the certification of eVTOL is impressive,<br />

however, it is certainly worth of noting that the long march<br />

of eVTOL as a business may have just begun with the airworthiness<br />

certificate. So, what is beyond certification? In<br />

my humble opinion, for the success of any aviation product<br />

and business model, several key elements must be<br />

all in place and aligned right: technology, policy, market,<br />

infrastructure, and supply chain. Certification only proves<br />

the maturity of the technology and is the steppingstone<br />

to reach business viability. eVTOL as an industry needs<br />

to work out other links in the chain to make the business<br />

model viable and sustainable such as flight standard<br />

rules including operation procedure, vertiport design and<br />

construction standards, pilot training requirements, recruiting<br />

and training enough pilots in time, infrastructure<br />

buildup including property acquisition if necessary, supply<br />

chain streamline and management, and so on before<br />

starting commercial operation. A new aircraft operation is<br />

not just the certification itself but a whole new ecosystem<br />

needs to be built from the ground up. It certainly won’t be<br />

easy, but we have seen many encouraging moves recently.<br />

It will be very exciting to see what will happen between<br />

now and the next issue of e-Flight <strong>Journal</strong>! 4<br />

Archer´s<br />

Midnight.<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong><br />

25


e Market Congress Watch<br />

Text and images: Tianhong Zhang<br />

The<br />

eVTOL<br />

called<br />

Advanced<br />

Air Vehicle<br />

for research<br />

and development<br />

purposes<br />

developed<br />

by Korean<br />

Aerospace<br />

Industrial.<br />

Korean Drone and UAM Expo <strong>2023</strong><br />

A Glimpse of General Aviation<br />

and AAM in Korea<br />

South Korea is an important member of the world economy. This<br />

country, which is about same sizeas Iceland, has outstanding performance<br />

in technology and economy. The well-known high-tech<br />

industries in Korea are shipbuilding, semiconductor manufacturing,<br />

display panels and metals, but little is known about the Korean<br />

aviation industry, especially the general aviation industry. As a<br />

general aviation practitioner, the author visited the Korea <strong>2023</strong> UAV<br />

and UAM (Urban Air Mobility) Exhibition in Incheon, South Korea<br />

recently and gave us this chance to glimpse into the general aviation<br />

and advanced air mobility (AAM) development in Korea.<br />

26 e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


Market Watch<br />

According to the introduction on the official website of<br />

Korea AOPA (Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association),<br />

“South Korea currently has only more than 40 light general<br />

aviation aircraft, which is inconsistent with Korea’s international<br />

status and income level.” It is guessed that<br />

the more than 40 aircraft referred to here are only the<br />

number of general aviation aircraft for private use. South<br />

Korea’s special national conditions and small territory<br />

means that South Korea’s airspace is congested, which<br />

is not conducive to the development of general aviation.<br />

South Korea has seven civil airports, eight military-civilian<br />

dual-use airports, one military airport, 13 air force bases<br />

and no more than ten civil airfields (non-paved runway),<br />

which is very high in terms of the number and density of<br />

airports considering the size of the country. In addition,<br />

South Korea’s civil air transportation is very prosperous.<br />

The busiest route in the world is from Seoul to Jeju Island<br />

with a maximum of 180 flights per day. To sum up, the airspace<br />

left for general aviation in South Korea is very little.<br />

General aviation mainly focus on flight training and emergency<br />

rescue, supplemented by short-distance transportation<br />

and operations, and the proportion of private and<br />

recreational flying is very small.<br />

South Korea’s recreational flight mainly uses kit aircraft<br />

and light sport aircraft (LSA), and all of them operate at civilian<br />

airfields without paved runways. They allow the use<br />

of homebuilt kit aircraft for sport pilot training and sightseeing<br />

flights, which is very different from other countries.<br />

The banner<br />

of Korean<br />

Drone and<br />

UAM Expo<br />

<strong>2023</strong>. The<br />

slogan indicates<br />

the<br />

focus of the<br />

use cases<br />

expected in<br />

Korea for<br />

AAM.<br />

Status and future of<br />

General Aviation manufacturing<br />

through several UAM projects at the exhibition<br />

The exhibition site is located in the Songdo Exhibition<br />

Hall in Incheon Metropolitan City. Many people are aware<br />

that there are two airports in Seoul, but actually one of<br />

these two airports is not located in Seoul but on an island<br />

in Incheon, so the largest airport in Seoul is called<br />

A mockup of a multicoptereVTOL.<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong><br />

27


Market Watch<br />

A single seat eVTOL called Skyla V2 similar to the Swedish<br />

Jetson design.<br />

A single seat eVTOL called AstroX which is very similar to<br />

Kitty Hawk’s discontinued flyer ultralight eVTOL. This aircraft<br />

is currently test flying..<br />

Incheon Airport; the one in Incheon city is also the second largest<br />

airport in South Korea, so it attaches great importance to logistics<br />

and air transportation. Incheon Metropolitan City Government is<br />

also one of the organizers of this exhibition.<br />

OPPAV<br />

The first thing you see after entering the exhibition hall is Vessel<br />

Aerospace’s OPPAV. Vessel’s parent company is the Vessel<br />

Group located in Gyeonggi-do. Its main business is LCD panels<br />

and film packaging materials. The owner of the Vessel Group<br />

happens to like aviation so in 2013, he set up an aviation branch<br />

and began to develop a light sport aircraft named KLA-100. In<br />

2017, KLA-100 was certified in Korea, and the first aircraft was delivered<br />

in 2019. The company has set up a branch in Yancheng,<br />

China. The KLA-100 model has obtained the VTC certification in<br />

China. At present, the company also plans to electrify the KLA-<br />

100 model, but the project is still at a very early stage, and the<br />

company’s supplier selection for electrification is conservative<br />

and unreliable. Local companies in South Korea are preferred.<br />

Meanwhile the company will develop the KLA-200 model on the<br />

basis of the KLA-100 and will apply for Part 23 certification, which<br />

is worth looking forward to.<br />

The OPPAV project at the expo is actually an eVTOL jointly developed<br />

by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of<br />

South Korea, Hyundai Electric Corporation, Vessel Aerospace,<br />

Korea Aerospace Technology Corporation, Korea Aerospace<br />

Industries Corporation, and DUTA Technology Corporation. The<br />

maximum takeoff weight is 600 kg, and the maximum payload is<br />

100 kg. It adopts the structure of the tilting rotor, but such an embarrassing<br />

weight can basically only be used for cargo delivery.<br />

This eVTOL is only used for R&D testing, and a model named<br />

AM-20 will be developed based on this model in the future. From<br />

the information of AM-20, the payload is 200 kg, which is actually<br />

still very limited, and it should be very difficult to achieve the<br />

projected payload of 200 kg with the maximum takeoff weight<br />

of 880 kg. With the current condition of battery energy density<br />

and power density, it is basically impossible. Judging from the<br />

graphic renderings, the current project should still be at a very<br />

early stage. The OPPAV model on display is actually a 1:1 model,<br />

and a lot of details need to be further polished. The model<br />

has begun preparations for flight tests and will complete all test<br />

flights within this year The South Korean government plans to pilot<br />

the commercialization of urban air mobility traffic services in<br />

2025 and start full-scale commercial operation beginning in 2030.<br />

Therefore, the author believes that it is reasonable for the UAM<br />

project in South Korea to use the FAA airworthiness regulations<br />

as the reference in the future.<br />

KAI<br />

Next to Vessel, the largest booth at the expo is KAI (Korean<br />

Aerospace Industrial), which is the national conglomerate in the<br />

aviation industry of South Korea. KAI is a partner and subcontractor<br />

of Airbus, Embraer, Bombardier, Bell, Boeing, and Lockheed<br />

Martin. KAI’s general aviation aircraft KC-100 is Korea’s first<br />

28 e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


e Congress<br />

4-seater civilian model to obtain the FAA Part 23 Type Certificate.<br />

It can be seen that KAI is a national enterprise with both military<br />

aircraft and civil aircraft R&D and manufacturing capabilities. At<br />

this exhibition, KAI only exhibited a manned eVTOL code-named<br />

AAV. In terms of performance, AAV should be the most reasonable,<br />

and the model at the Expo most similar to, the current welldeveloped<br />

UAM products in the world.<br />

AAV, which means Advanced Air Vehicle, is still at the very early<br />

stage of research and development. It is its first public display.<br />

KAI may still want to obtain more research information from<br />

Vessel’s OPPAV project in order to improve the current model.<br />

AstroX<br />

Next to KAI is the booth of the Incheon Metropolitan City<br />

Government. Most of the booths had drones, implying future<br />

drone delivery, but there is also a manned eVTOL named AstroX<br />

very similar to Kitty Hawk’s discontinued eVTOL. The manufacturer<br />

of AstroX is KENCOA Aerospace whose owner is a famous<br />

young newly rich man in Korea. The company is a partner and<br />

supplier of Boeing and Lockheed Martin, and provides structural<br />

design and manufacturing of rockets. At the same time, its main<br />

business is airliner engine maintenance, MRO of US military aircraft,<br />

and military aircraft parts manufacturing (including F-22,<br />

F-35, F/A-18, F-16, C-17, C-5 and so on). The fuselage of KAI’s<br />

KT-100 trainer is also manufactured by this company.<br />

Judging from the logo of the South Korean government on the fuselage<br />

of AstroX, the project probably received financial support<br />

from the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism<br />

of South Korea. From the video shown, the model is currently at<br />

the test flight stage.<br />

Voltline<br />

There was a UAM start-up called Voltline at the expo. The company<br />

brought a single-seat eVTOL called Skyla V2 similar to the<br />

Swedish Jetson. Currently, there is no relevant rule in Korea, so<br />

there is no further airworthiness certification plan for the eVTOL.<br />

Judging from the 150 kg empty weight of Skyla V2, the company<br />

probably has not considered the issue of Part 103 exemption.<br />

The battery used on this eVTOL was from a Chinese model aircraft<br />

battery supplier. The model is currently used to carry items<br />

in mountain areas such as mountaineering supplies and drinks,<br />

when it cannot legally carry passengers yet. Considering that<br />

there are many people in Korea living in mountain areas, it may<br />

also be a business opportunity that the company sees.<br />

Conclusion<br />

The current support and promotion of UAM by the Korean government<br />

has attracted a large number of companies to enter<br />

the game. Even the UAM advertisements of SKT and Joby can<br />

be seen on the busses in Seoul. South Korea’s general aviation<br />

started late and developed slowly, but it has reached a state of vitality.<br />

In the last century, South Korea accumulated a lot of aviation<br />

manufacturing experience through the advanced military aircraft<br />

MRO business for the U.S. military and the OEM business<br />

of advanced passenger aircraft in Europe and the United States.<br />

This also proves once again that the development of general aviation<br />

is not necessarily related to the development level of military<br />

and civil aviation.<br />

However, judging from the product information at this exhibition,<br />

the development of UAM aircraft in South Korea is still in the very<br />

early stages, and there are still many obstacles to overcome before<br />

commercial use, especially the application for airworthiness<br />

certification.<br />

As the region with the highest population density in the world,<br />

East Asia has a very positive attitude towards UAM in China,<br />

Japan and South Korea, and many innovative companies have<br />

emerged. As Bill Gates said: “We always overestimate the changes<br />

that will occur in the next two years, but underestimate the<br />

changes that will occur in the next ten years.” So what will the<br />

next decade look like and when can the future be expected? 4<br />

SK Telecom, who signed a cooperation agreement with the<br />

American eVTOL leading company Joby in early 2022, promotes<br />

UAM concept on the bus in Seoul.<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong><br />

29


e Market Congress Watch<br />

Tecnams<br />

P-Volt.<br />

As one of the electric aircraft<br />

that is most likely to come into<br />

commercial operation in the<br />

near future, electric commuter<br />

airplanes are certainly a promising<br />

star model in electric aviation.<br />

However, just like any new<br />

technologies, there are growing<br />

pains in the development. P-<br />

Volt, the joint project between<br />

Tecnam and Rolls Royce, was<br />

postponed. X-57, the first X research<br />

airplane project of NASA<br />

in decades, will not even have<br />

left the ground when the project<br />

ends later this year. On the other<br />

hand, this type of electric airplane<br />

is becoming more mature as<br />

it grows. For example,Electra<br />

just unveiled their demonstrator<br />

and Rolls Royce is making steady<br />

progress with its small turbine<br />

hybrid electric power system<br />

which is the core for electric<br />

commuters.<br />

30 e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


Market Watch<br />

NASAs<br />

X-57.<br />

P-Volt<br />

TThe Italian aircraft manufacturer Tecnam announced in<br />

June it wanted to postpone the developmental work on its<br />

P-Volt electric aircraft. The nine-seater P-Volt is based on<br />

Tecnam’s conventionally powered P-2012 Traveller commuter<br />

aircraft and was expected to enter service around<br />

2026. After three years of intensive studies covering the<br />

entire lifecycle of an all-electric aircraft, Tecnam has concluded<br />

that the time for P-Volt is not yet ripe, although<br />

research activities will continue to explore new emerging<br />

technologies. Tecnam believes that at present these<br />

can only be achieved by extremely aggressive speculation<br />

on uncertain technology developments. Tecnam believes<br />

that these key factors cannot define a new aircraft<br />

development as“viable”with a target entry into service by<br />

2026-2028.<br />

Tecnam pointed out that taking into account the most optimistic<br />

projections of slow charge cycles and the possible<br />

limitation of the maximum charge level per cycle, the<br />

real storage capacity would fall below 170Wh/kg, and only<br />

a few hundred flights would drive operators to replace the<br />

entire storage unit, with a dramatic increase in direct operating<br />

costs due to the reserves for battery replacement<br />

prices.<br />

X-57<br />

In June NASA announced that it would not test fly the experimental<br />

electric aircraft, the X-57, by the time when the<br />

project closes in September. NASA said that the project<br />

encountered several challenges to safe flight, including<br />

mechanical issues late into its lifecycle and a lack of availability<br />

of critical components required to develop experimental<br />

hardware. Given the approaching planned end of<br />

aircraft operations, the timeline would not allow the team<br />

to reach acceptable flight conditions. Although most of the<br />

X-57’s development will be complete by September <strong>2023</strong>,<br />

the team will officially conclude its work several months afterward<br />

with additional technical publications.<br />

The X-57 is part of NASA’s commitment to supporting the<br />

U.S. climate goal of achieving net-zero greenhouse gas<br />

emissions from the aviation sector by 2050. Since 2016,<br />

the project has shared lessons learned about battery technology,<br />

electromagnetic interference, motor controller design,<br />

and so much more. NASA will continue its research<br />

into electric aircraft through other projects, including its<br />

Electrified Powertrain Flight Demonstration.<br />

The aircraft was built by modifying an Italian Tecnam<br />

P2006T to be powered by an electric propulsion system.<br />

Using an existing aircraft design allowed the team to<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong><br />

31


Market Watch<br />

Electra<br />

Model EL-2<br />

“Goldfinch.<br />

compare their data to that of a baseline model powered<br />

by traditional combustion engines.<br />

The primary goal of the X-57 project was to provide knowledge<br />

about the aircraft’s electric-propulsion-focused design<br />

and airworthiness process with regulators. This information<br />

has already impacted and will continue to impact<br />

the development of advanced certification approaches<br />

for electric propulsion in emerging electric aircraft markets.<br />

The objective was not to develop a prototype, but<br />

to develop a test platform for technologies and design<br />

methods. And the team did just that, documenting and<br />

publishing the technology gaps and their solutions as<br />

they were discovered so that industry stakeholders could<br />

take advantage of those lessons as soon as possible.<br />

Electra<br />

Meanwhile, the American startup of an electric commuter<br />

is speeding up. In June Electra unveiled the test demonstrator<br />

for its hybrid-electric ultra-short takeoff and landing<br />

(eSTOL) aircraft.The bright yellow aircraft is named<br />

the Electra Model EL-2 “Goldfinch” in celebration of the<br />

beloved, nimble American Goldfinch bird indigenous to<br />

North America.Electra’s eSTOL technology demonstrator<br />

(TD) is the world’s first blown lift aircraft using distributed<br />

electric propulsion, which enables the airplane to take off<br />

and land in very short spaces. Electra’s proprietary blown<br />

lift technology uses eight motors to provide additional<br />

wing lift, and hybrid-electric power that provides internal<br />

recharging capabilities for aircraft batteries, eliminating<br />

the need for new ground infrastructure.The two-seat piloted<br />

TD aircraft showcases the Electra eSTOL technology<br />

at full scale and will be flown this summer in an extensive<br />

flight test program to track performance and inform<br />

the design of Electra’s 9-passenger production aircraft.<br />

The company conducted a fully integrated test of its proprietary<br />

hybrid-electric propulsion system last year.<br />

Electra’s future eSTOL production aircraft will deliver the<br />

operational flexibility of a helicopter with the safety and<br />

economics of a conventional fixed-wing aircraft. Electra<br />

plans to fly a prototype of the 9-passenger production aircraft<br />

in 2025, with certification and entry into service in<br />

2028 under the FAA Part 23 regulation. Electra has designed<br />

the eSTOL aircraft so that hydrogen or batteryelectric<br />

propulsion systems can be used in the future<br />

when those technologies are commercially viable. Electra<br />

currently holds letters of intent from more than 30 customers<br />

for over 1200 of its 9-passenger production eS-<br />

TOL aircraft, totaling more than $4 billion in market demand.<br />

The company recently won a $30 million U.S. Air<br />

Force funding award as part of a larger $85 million funding<br />

effort. 4<br />

32 e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


GET YOUR<br />

OWN WINGS<br />

NOVEMBER 23 – 26, <strong>2023</strong><br />

ZHUHAI | CHINA<br />

AERO-ASIA.COM


The EHang 184 is an Autonomous Aerial Vehicle (AAV) designed by Guangzhou EHang Inc. and it was first<br />

shown to the public at CES 2016. The designator 184 stands for 1 passenger, 8 propellers, and 4 arms.<br />

Ehang unveiled a two-seat model called 216 (namely 2 seats and 16 propellors) in 2018, has been undergo-<br />

ing test flights in China, and began certification with the Chinese regulator CAAC in 2021. Ehang expects to obtain<br />

the certification in China in <strong>2023</strong>.<br />

service@ehang.com • www.ehang.com<br />

EW MTOW PA BA PD Engine Power St Vmax Vc Vz ES Endurance Price (estimate) Kit Plan<br />

240 360 8 2 1.6 8x19 kW 152 kW 1 - 60 - 17 kWh 30 - - -<br />

EAC is a French manufacturer who began developing its eVTOL, the Whisper, in 2014 and presented at<br />

AERO 2017 for the first time. The new version of the Whisper is in the finishing phase. The design remains<br />

the same but its size has increased by 10%. Propulsion is provided by 8 independent lithium-ion batteries.<br />

It will be equipped with an ASR Trichute whole airframe parachute with a minimum deployment height of 200ft.<br />

Empty weight 500Kg, Max weight 700kg, Autonomous flight control, flight duration 25-30 minutes, cruising speed<br />

70-80 km/h.<br />

info@eac-whisper.com • www.eac-whisper.com<br />

EW MTOW PA BA PD Engine Power St Vmax Vc Vz ES Endurance Price (estimate) Kit Plan<br />

350 550 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - -<br />

eMagic Next is a three-passenger design with a lift+cruise configuration with 12 propellers including two<br />

fixed tractor propellers for forward flight and 10 propellers dedicated for VTOL flight. The goal of this design<br />

is to create a long-range and very safe passenger eVTOL production aircraft for Urban Air Mobility.<br />

info@emagic-aircraft.com • http://emagic-aircraft.com/<br />

EW MTOW PA BA PD Engine Power St Vmax Vc Vz ES Endurance Price (estimate) Kit Plan<br />

- -<br />

The company was founded in 2018 by Michael Kügelgen and Thomas Senkel (ex Volocopter). The<br />

eMagicOne is a single-seat demonstrator with a tractor propeller for horizontal - and eight ift props for<br />

vertical - flight. This is a tandem wings taildragger configuration and can be completely disassembled for<br />

trailer transport. eMagic One made its maiden flight in 2021 in Airplane as well as in eVTOL mode. The company<br />

revealed an airmedical model in <strong>2023</strong>.<br />

info@emagic-aircraft.com • http://emagic-aircraft.com/<br />

EW MTOW PA BA PD Engine Power St Vmax Vc Vz ES Endurance Price (estimate) Kit Plan<br />

- -<br />

Embraer unveiled its eVTOL concept under the company’s subsidiary EmbraerX at the Uber Elevate<br />

Summit in 2018. The original name of EmbraerX’s eVTOL aircraft was DreamMaker which was changed to<br />

Eve in October 2020. The Eve aircraft was handed to the independent offshoot of EmbraerX known as Eve<br />

Urban Air Mobility Solutions. Eve eVTOL design has separate lift and cruise powertrain configuration and five<br />

seats. In May <strong>2023</strong> Eve announced the design has completed important wind tunnel testing.<br />

contact@eveairmobility.com • eveairmobility.com<br />

EW MTOW PA BA PD Engine Power St Vmax Vc Vz ES Endurance Price (estimate) Kit Plan<br />

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -<br />

192 World Directory of Light Aviation > <strong>2023</strong>-2024<br />

76 Flügel Das Magazin<br />

Texte : Willi Tacke, traduction Thierry Gérard. Photos : Flying Pages, Elektra Solar<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong><br />

The Astro Elroy was originally announced in July 2017 under the name «Passenger Drone».It was acquired<br />

by Astro Aerospace and was renamed in May 2018. This VTOL project made the first manned flight in<br />

August 2018. Astro prototype has a cabin converted from a two-seat gyrocopter. The Astro uses 16 electric<br />

motors for propulsion, which are located on two booms above the cabin. The Astro is an all composite structure,<br />

uses fiber-optic for internal communication and is flown by the fly-by-wire joystick. The Astro has 20-25 minutes<br />

range and can fly on 60-70 km/h.<br />

FLYASTRO 320 W MAIN ST • LEWISVILLE 75057 • Texas • USA • Phone : +1 (833) 359-8685<br />

www.flyastro.com<br />

EW MTOW PA BA PD Engine Power St Vmax Vc Vz ES Endurance Price (estimate) Kit Plan<br />

240 360 16 32 - - - - 70 - - - 0,25 - - -<br />

Autoflight has been working on several passenger-carrying eVTOL models over the years including the<br />

2-seat V600 prototype revealed at e-flight-expo of Aero Friedrichshafen Germany in April 2019. The company<br />

unveiled a 4-seat V1500M named “Prosperity I” full scale model at the Zhuhai Airshow in 2021 when an-<br />

noucing $100 million investment from Team Global from Germany. V1500M has lift+cruise configuration using 8<br />

propellors for vertical flight and two pusher propellors for cruise. In January 2022 the V1500M prototype achieved<br />

transition test flight between vertical and horizontal flights. AutoFlight has set up a reseasrch, development and<br />

certification center in Augsburg, Germany and will apply for EASA certification of their V1500M 4-seat eVTOL. On<br />

March 2, <strong>2023</strong>, AutoFlight claimed they made a world record for the longest eVTOL aircraft flight using only battery<br />

power of 250.64 km (155.74 miles) on a single charge.<br />

info@autoflight.com • autoflightx.com<br />

EW MTOW PA BA PD Engine Power St Vmax Vc Vz ES Endurance Price (estimate) Kit Plan<br />

- -10 2 280 - - 5 160 - - - - - -<br />

On June 12, 2020, Beta Technologies revealed their full-scale Alia eVTOL aircraft with four vertical lift propellers<br />

and one pusher propeller for forward flight. This eVTOL had been undergoing flight tests in fixed-wing<br />

configuration, not yet in VTOL mode. In May 2022 Alia prototype flew over 2200km in eight days with multiple<br />

stops in fixed-wing configuration. Beta Technologies is a US Air Force Agility Prime participant and has passed<br />

Phase III of the Initial Capabilities Opening. In April 2021, UPS announced it will purchase up to 150 Alia cargo<br />

models for time-sensitive cargo deliveries. In April 2021, Blade UAM annouced their purchase of five Alia passenger<br />

models with an option to buy 15 more for urban air mobility services.<br />

BETA TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 1150 Airport Drive • South Burlington, VT 05403 • Vermont • USA • Phone :<br />

+1 802) 338-1876<br />

info@beta.team • www.beta.team<br />

EW MTOW PA BA PD Engine Power St Vmax Vc Vz ES Endurance Price (estimate) Kit Plan<br />

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -<br />

© <strong>2023</strong> Bose Corporation. All rights reserved.<br />

Their eVTOL development began in September 2012 with the start-up company Cartivator witha $4 million USD<br />

seed fund from Toyota. In December 2018 a scaled model made its first test flight. In August 2018 SkyDrive<br />

unveiled the latest design SD-03 which can carry a single passenger. In September 2022 SkyDrive revealed the<br />

latest design SD-05 which is a two-seat production model with maximum cruise speed of 100 km/h (62 mph). The<br />

12 propellers are on multiple booms. The aircraft has a back-to-back modified V boom configuration with the rear<br />

V boom having a slight wing-type structure. At each end of the booms is a cross boom and each propeller is at the<br />

end of each cross boom. The booms are located at the top of the fuselage. SkyDrive is planning to use the SD-05 to<br />

launch air taxi service in the Osaka Bay area during the world exposition scheduled for 2025 in Osaka, Japan.<br />

BOSE-17214 A30 ad3 GA Airline 210x297_5mmbleed EN RZ.indd 1 07.03.23 11:04<br />

CARTIVATOR DREAM ON, Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, • JAPAN • Phone : +81 (0)565282121<br />

INFO@CARTIVATOR.COM • www.cartivator.com<br />

EW MTOW PA BA PD Engine Power St Vmax Vc Vz ES Endurance Price (estimate) Kit Plan<br />

- 400 - - - - - 2 100 60 - - - - - -<br />

The Swiss company Dufour Aerospace announced in early 2018 the aEro 2 project. The company notes that<br />

it was inspired by Canadair’s pioneering work 50 years ago with the CL-84 tiltwing aircraft. The hybrid VTOL<br />

aircraft will reach cruising speeds of up to 320 km/h. Fully electrically operated, the two-seater should have<br />

a range of 120 km. With the optional auxiliary combustion engine, it increases in hybrid configuration to 800 km.<br />

On 27 July 2020 the company completed the first phase of flight testing of the sub-scale technology demonstrator<br />

over 550 test flights including transitions from hover to cruise and back again.<br />

DUFOUR AEROSPACE Seewjinenstrasse 6 • 3930 Visp • SWITZERLAND • Phone : +41 (0)78 770 50 82<br />

info@dufour.aero • http://dufour.aero<br />

EW MTOW PA BA PD Engine Power St Vmax Vc Vz ES Endurance Price (estimate) Kit Plan<br />

- - 2 - - - - 2 - - - - - - - -<br />

<strong>2023</strong>-2024 < World Directory of Light Aviation 191<br />

Flügel Das Magazin<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong><br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong> Flügel Das Magazin 77<br />

Weniger Störungen. Weniger Lärm. Weniger Ablenkung von<br />

der Freude am Fliegen. Mit unvergleichlichem Komfort und drei<br />

wählbaren Modi der aktiven Geräuschunterdrückung ermöglicht<br />

das Bose A30 Aviation Headset das Fliegen so, wie es sein sollte.<br />

ACTIA ELECTROMOBILITY<br />

5 rue Jorge Semprun • 31400 Toulouse •<br />

FRANCE<br />

Phone : +33 05 61 17 61 61<br />

Fax : +33 02.37.33.34.35<br />

commercial@actia.fr<br />

electromobility.actia.com<br />

ADVANCED ELECTRIC MACHINES<br />

10-11 Teal Farm Way, Teal Farm Park, • Washington<br />

NE38 8BG, • Durham England • UNITED<br />

KINGDOM<br />

Phone : +44 0191 4477010<br />

info@advancedelectricmachines.com<br />

advancedelectricmachines.com<br />

ATB<br />

(ATB Austria Antriebstechnik AG) Danube City<br />

Road 6 / Top 15a 1220 Vienna • 1220 Vienna •<br />

AUSTRIA<br />

Phone : +43 +43 1 902 50 0<br />

Fax : +43 +43 1 902 50 110<br />

info@atb-motors.com<br />

http://www.atb-motors.com<br />

AXTER AEROSPACE<br />

(AXTER AEROSPACE Light Division) Av. Gregorio<br />

Peces Barba, 1 • 28919 Madrid Leganes •<br />

SPAIN<br />

Phone : +34 654647495<br />

info@axteraerospace.com<br />

www.axteraerospace.com<br />

BAUMUELLER NUERNBERG<br />

(Baumueller Nuernberg GmbH) Ostendstr. 80-90<br />

• 90482 Nuernberg • Franken • GERMANY<br />

Phone : +49 911 5432 0<br />

Fax : +49 911 5432 130<br />

mail@baumueller.de<br />

One Hamilton Road • Windsor Locks CT<br />

CT06096-1000 • USA<br />

Phone : +1 860 654 6000<br />

Fax : +1 860 353 5805<br />

calvan@rockwellcollins.com<br />

www.collinsaerospace.com<br />

1 Chubb Close • Malmesbury SN16 9JW •<br />

Wiltshire • UNITED KINGDOM<br />

Phone : +44 01666 825340<br />

info@contralectric.co.uk<br />

www.contraelectric.com<br />

DENSO EMOTOR<br />

(DENSO Corporation Emotor) 1-1, Showa-cho,<br />

Kariya • Aichi 448-8661, • JAPAN<br />

Phone : +81 0566-25-5511<br />

kaan_aksu@denso-diam.com<br />

www.denso.com<br />

ELECTRIC AIRCRAFT CORP<br />

(Electric Aircraft Corporation) 118 Pine Street,<br />

Suite 3 • Cliffside Park NJ 07010 • USA<br />

Phone : +1 561 / 351 1190<br />

randall@electraflyer.com<br />

www.electraflyer.com<br />

Phone : +386 82053850<br />

Fax : +386 0)17227905<br />

support@emrax.com<br />

http://emrax.com<br />

© <strong>2023</strong> Bose Corporation. Alle Rechte vorbehalten.<br />

Phone : +49 0)241/56816-60<br />

Fax : +49 0)241/56816-65<br />

engineering@engiro.de<br />

http://www.engiro.de<br />

BOSEAVIATION-EMEA.AERO/A30<br />

BOSE-17214 A30 ad3 GA Airline 210x297_3mmbleed DE RZ.indd 1 07.03.23 10:48<br />

world record holder, the Autoflight Prosperity at the Paris Airshow <strong>2023</strong>.<br />

Nex AERO Lift and cruise eVTOL with fuel cell.<br />

NR16 2JU • Norfolk • UNITED KINGDOM<br />

Phone : +44 0) 1953 661200<br />

enquiries@equipmake.co.uk<br />

equipmake.co.uk<br />

Schneider-Strasse 92 • 2560 Nidau • SWIT-<br />

ZERLAND<br />

Phone : +41 79 857 27 81<br />

Fax : +41 79 857 27 81<br />

info@evolaris-aviation.ch<br />

http://www.evolaris-aviation.com<br />

H2 trend - Elexir wants to burn the magic stuff in a turbotech turbine.<br />

Rolls-Royce Electrical<br />

Deutschland / RRP260D-X<br />

Pipistrel by Textron eAviation<br />

E-811<br />

Weltpremiere in Le Bourget the Cassio 330 hybrid shall have its maiden flight in <strong>2023</strong>.<br />

Jean Botti explains the hybrid driveof his VoltAERO.<br />

WDLA publisher Willi Tacke in the cockpit of the Bluespirit hydrogene 4 seater.<br />

Rolls-Royce Electrical<br />

Deutschland / RRP70D<br />

MGM Compro / REX 90<br />

Safran / ENGINeUS 45<br />

magniX Technologies Pty Ltd /<br />

YASA Limited / P400<br />

Magnax bvba / AXF250-S<br />

4 194047 412301<br />

• CH 18,50 SFR<br />

Rotex Electric / REX 50<br />

Company Model Max Max power Total Total Price Commut Type Type Number Number Dimensions KV KV Kt Kt Rm Rm No-load Best Best Normal Reduction Redution Max Max cont. cont. Max Max torque Model<br />

(kW) (kW) weight (kg) (kg) of of coils coils of of poles (l x (l w x w x h x mm) h mm) (rpm/ V) / V) (Nm/A) (mO) current lo lo (A) (A) efficiency (%) (%) voltage (V) (V) mechanism ratio ratio power (kW) (kW) (Nm) (Nm)<br />

www.baumueller.de<br />

Actia Electromobility AP-MOT-110KW-250NM 110 110 55 55 - - Permanent Magnet 12.000 317x255 65 65 250 250 AP-MOT-110KW-250NM<br />

BORGWARNER INC.<br />

Actia Electromobility AP-MOT-140KW-400NM 140 140 75 75 - - Permanent Magnet 12.000 350x315 80 80 400 400 AP-MOT-140KW-400NM<br />

3850 Hamlin Road • Auburn Hills MI 48326 •<br />

Actia Electromobility AP-MOT-160KW-2300NM 160 160 296 296 - - Permanent Magnet 120 120 2300 AP-MOT-160KW-2300NM<br />

USA<br />

Phone : +1 248 754 9200<br />

Actia Electromobility AP-MOT-250KW-3000NM 250 250 429 429 - - Permanent Magnet 693x512 130 130 2300 AP-MOT-250KW-3000NM<br />

info-eu@borgwarner.com.<br />

Advanced Electric Machines HDSRM 150TC 50 50 30 30 - - 158x210x277 700 700 25 25 100 100 HDSRM 150TC<br />

www.borgwarner.com<br />

Advanced Electric Machines HDSRM300 160 160 80 80 - - 386x195x420 700 700 75 75 325 325 HDSRM300<br />

Advanced Electric Machines HDSRM300T 160 160 75 75 - - 386x200x420 700 700 75 75 600 600 HDSRM300T<br />

(Bosch General Aviation Technology GmbH)<br />

Advanced Electric Machines HDSRM300X 300 300 140 140 - - 425x386x420 700 700 150 150 100 100 HDSRM300X<br />

Goellnergasse 15-17 • A-1030 Wien • AUSTRIA<br />

Phone : +43 (1)79722-4300<br />

ATB ATB IEC IEC motors up up to to 2000 - - IEC IEC motors<br />

Fax : +43 1)79722-4310<br />

AXTER AEROSPACE AX-100E Electric Propulsion System - - AX-100E Electric Propulsion Sys. Sys.<br />

bosch.aviation@bosch.com<br />

http://www.bosch-aviation.com<br />

Baumueller Nuernberg PowerMela140 154 154 147 147 - - 400 400 140 140 455 455 PowerMela140<br />

BRUSA<br />

Baumueller Nuernberg PowerMela50 75 75 90 90 - - 695 695 50 50 160 160 PowerMela50<br />

(BRUSA Elektronik AG) Langaulistrasse 60 • 9470<br />

Baumueller Nuernberg PowerMela80 88 88 90 90 - - 400 400 80 80 250 250 PowerMela80<br />

Buchs • SWITZERLAND<br />

Phone : +41 81 758 19 00<br />

BorgWarner Inc. Inc. HVH250-090-DOM 180 180 49 49 - - 277 277 x 242 x 242 95 95 max700 130 130 340 340 HVH250-090-DOM<br />

info@brusa.biz<br />

BorgWarner Inc. Inc. HVH250-115-DOM 350 350 57.2 - - 10.000 302 302 x 242 x 242 95 95 up up to to 700 700 135 135 420 420 HVH250-115-DOM<br />

www.brusa.biz<br />

BorgWarner Inc. Inc. HVH410-075-DOM 105 105 98 98 - - 5.500 252 252 x 490 x 490 95 95 up up to to 700 700 95 95 1000 HVH410-075-DOM<br />

BorgWarner Inc. Inc. HVH410-150-DOM 110 110 140 140 - - 5.000 278 278 x 490 x 490 95 95 up up to to 700 700 90 90 2000 HVH410-150-DOM<br />

Bosch General Aviation Tech. IMG IMG 90 90 - - 95 95 up up to to 400 400 400 400 IMG IMG<br />

Bosch General Aviation Tech. SMG 2.1 2.1 320 320 - - 97 97 up up to to 800 800 620 620 SMG 2.1 2.1<br />

Bosch General Aviation Tech. SMG 280/290 420 420 140 140 - - 92 92 650 650 240 240 900 900 SMG 280/290<br />

Brusa DTSO1-096 150 150 51 51 - - 13000 501 501 x 325 x 325 x 456 x 456 80 80 270 270 DTSO1-096<br />

Brusa DTSO1-097 125 125 52 52 - - 11400 513 513 x 383 x 383 x 428 x 428 80 80 250 250 DTSO1-097<br />

Brusa DTSP1 250 250 51 51 - - 12000 504 504 x 328 x 328 x304 220 220 600 600 DTSP1<br />

A<br />

Current, Amps<br />

Brusa HSM1-10.18.13 180 180 51 51 - - brushless 4.900 10 10 256x292x328 95 95 400 400 100 100 390 390 HSM1-10.18.13<br />

kg<br />

Weight, kilograms<br />

Brusa HSM1-10.18.22 210 210 73 73 - - brushless 4.600 10 10 344x292x326 95 95 400 400 125 125 440 440 HSM1-10.18.22<br />

(1kg = 2.20 lb)<br />

Brusa HSM1-6.17.12 125 125 51,5 - - brushless 1.200 6 6 256x292x328 95 95 400 400 70 70 310 310 HSM1-6.17.12<br />

KV<br />

Speed constant (rpm/V)<br />

Collins Aerospace Power & & Controls One One MW MW project - - 1000 One One MW MW project<br />

KT<br />

Torque constant (Nm/A)<br />

Contra Electric Propulsion Ltd. Ltd. CRPS 25 25 95 95 - - 800 800 150 150 790 790 CRPS<br />

kW<br />

Power, kilowatts<br />

Denso Emotor EPU EPU Denso Honeywell 125 125 - - EPU EPU Denso Honeywell<br />

Nm<br />

Torque, Newton metres<br />

Electric Aircraft Corp Electra 1 1 /Uls /Uls 15 15 12 12 $ $ 4 4200 200 Brushed - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 85 85 74 74 Direct 1 1 - - - - Electra 1 1 /Uls /Uls<br />

(1Nm = 0.738 lbf.ft)<br />

EMRAX d.o.o. EMRAX 188 188 52 52 7 7 - - brushless Outrunner 20 20 77x188x188 98 98 300 300 Direct up up to to 30 30 90 90 EMRAX 188 188<br />

Max cont power<br />

Maximum<br />

EMRAX d.o.o. EMRAX 208 208 68 68 9 9 - - brushless - - Outrunner 20 20 85x208x208 - - - - - - 98 98 350 350 Direct - - up up to to 41 41 140 140 EMRAX 208 208<br />

continuous power, kilowatts<br />

EMRAX d.o.o. EMRAX 228 228 109 109 12 12 E E 2 2790 790 brushless - - Outrunner 20 20 86x228x228 - - - - - - 98 98 500 500 Direct - - up up to to 62 62 230 230 EMRAX 228 228<br />

Max power Maximum power,<br />

EMRAX d.o.o. EMRAX 268 268 160-200 20 20 - - brushless Outrunner 20 20 91x268x268 98 98 650 650 Direct up up to to 107 107 500 500 EMRAX 268 268<br />

kilowatts<br />

EMRAX d.o.o. EMRAX 348 348 170-380 42 42 - - brushless Outrunner 20 20 107x348x348 98 98 800 800 Direct up up to to 210 210 1000 EMRAX 348 348<br />

mm Dimensions, millimetres<br />

ENGIRO GmbH 159AH_06020_ABC 34 34 12 12 - - brushless 8.000 10 10 182 182 x 218 x 218 90 90 96 96 9,6 9,6 75 75 159AH_06020_ABC<br />

(1mm = 0.0394 inch)<br />

ENGIRO GmbH 205 205 A_04XXX 8,5-75 20 20 - - brushless 8000 8 8 220 220 - 340 - 340 x 250 x 250 96 96 48-140 3-18 95 95 205 205 A_04XXX<br />

Price<br />

Price excluding<br />

ENGIRO GmbH 205 205 W_04XXX 8.3-25 25-55 - - brushless 8 8 220-340 x 256 x 256 96 96 48-650 5.3-15 95 95 205 205 W_04XXX<br />

local and national taxes<br />

ENGIRO GmbH 260 260 W_08XXX 58-262 68-149 - - brushless 2800-6000 10 10 330 330 x 530 x 530 x 315 x 315 96 96 96-700 32-135 437 437 260 260 W_08XXX<br />

Rm<br />

Internal resistance (m0)<br />

ENGIRO GmbH 260 260 W_20XXX 253-672 - - brushless 4210-6000 40 40 x 530 x 530 x 315 x 315 650-700 130-342 1090 260 260 W_20XXX<br />

rpm<br />

Engine speed,<br />

ENGIRO GmbH 370 370 W_29XXX 292-707 - - brushless 3.900 12 12 550 550 x 509 x 509 x 440 x 440 96 96 700 700 182-400 3900 370 370 W_29XXX<br />

revolutions per minute<br />

Equipmake APM120 125 125 24,5 - - 12.000 75 75 130 130 APM120<br />

Total weight Total weight including<br />

Equipmake APM200 220 220 57 57 - - 10.000 420 420 APM200<br />

reduction and controller, kg<br />

evolaris aviation gmbh EVO220 260 260 45 45 - - brushless 660x380x380 420 420 Direct 1 1 220 220 EVO220<br />

V<br />

Voltage, volts<br />

Geiger HPD HPD 12 12 15 15 3.75 - - brushless 2180 Outrunner 12 12 HPD HPD 12 12<br />

Geiger HPD16 20 20 4.7 4.7 - - brushless 2.280 Outrunner 16 16 HPD16<br />

264 World Directory of Light Aviation > <strong>2023</strong>-2024<br />

<strong>2023</strong>-2024 < World Directory of Light Aviation 265<br />

de l'MONDIAL<br />

H55 / EPS<br />

01<br />

Market Watch<br />

eVTOL, eAircraft, eMotors & much more<br />

Check the new <strong>2023</strong> / 2024<br />

World Directory of Light Aviation<br />

On 292 pages, the international team of editors from Flying Pages has finished<br />

the <strong>2023</strong> World Directory of Light Aviation just in time for Oshkosh Airventure.<br />

* The World Directory of Light Aviation <strong>2023</strong>/24 lists over 1000 aircraft<br />

World Directory of<br />

with images, descriptions and technical data: e Aircraft, eVTOL and ultralights,<br />

microlights, LSA, gyrocopter, ul-helicopters, certified aircraft,<br />

SPECIAL ISSUE OF Flügel<br />

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kitplanes, trikes, instruments, engines, propellers and accessories.<br />

Den Lärm ausblenden.<br />

* The World Directory of Light Aviation <strong>2023</strong>/24 is available in four lan-<br />

<strong>2023</strong>-2024<br />

Das Erlebnis<br />

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verstärken.<br />

UL-trikes<br />

guages: English, French and German. The Chinese version will be on<br />

e-Vtol<br />

N E U<br />

BOSE A30 AVIATION HEADSET<br />

the market at the end of September.<br />

GENIESSEN SIE<br />

1,000 AIRCRAFT...<br />

DAS ERLEBNIS<br />

Microlights, LSA, eVTOLs<br />

VTOL/MULTICOPTERS<br />

EHANG INC.<br />

EHANG INC. Building No.3 of Yixiang Science Park,No.72 • 510700 Huangpu District, Guangzhou<br />

Guangdong • Guangdong • CHINA • Phone : +86 020-29028899<br />

ELECTRIC AIRCRAFT CONCEPT (EAC)<br />

ELECTRIC AIRCRAFT CONCEPT (EAC) 1002 Route du Barroux • 84330 Caromb • FRANCE • Phone :<br />

+33 (0)6 03 48 28 37<br />

EMAGIC AIRCRAFT GMBH<br />

EMAGIC AIRCRAFT GMBH Robert-Koch-Str. 15, • 53501 Grafschaft, • GERMANY • Phone : +49 2225<br />

888 713, Fax : +49 2225 888 710<br />

EMAGIC AIRCRAFT GMBH<br />

EMAGIC AIRCRAFT GMBH Robert-Koch-Str. 15, • 53501 Grafschaft, • GERMANY • Phone : +49 2225<br />

888 713, Fax : +49 2225 888 710<br />

EHANG 184/216<br />

WHISPER<br />

EMAGIC NEXT<br />

EMAGICONE<br />

ASTRO<br />

Quiet the noise.<br />

AUTOFLIGHT EUROPE GMBH<br />

Amplify the<br />

experience.<br />

AUTOFLIGHT EUROPE GMBH Berliner Allee 65 • 86153 Augsburg • GERMANY • Phone : +49 (0)821 508<br />

258 50, Fax : +49 -<br />

BETA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.<br />

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© <strong>2023</strong> Bose Corporation. Tous droits réservés.<br />

BOSE-17214 A30 ad3 GA Airline 210x297_5mmbleed FR RZ.indd 1 07.03.23 11:09<br />

gyroplanes<br />

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RADIOS<br />

INSTRUMENTS<br />

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PROPELLERS + GPS...<br />

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<strong>2023</strong>-24 > Australia $16.90 • USA $17.99 • UK 10.50 GBP<br />

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DE LOISIR<br />

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CH : 18,50 FS • CAN : 20,50 $ca • TOM : 1 950 Xpf • MAR : 138 DH<br />

EVE URBAN AIR MOBILITY EMBRAER<br />

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DUFOUR AEROSPACE<br />

EAERO 2<br />

Feature: e-flight & eVtOL<br />

T EST<br />

1. Flight-Report:<br />

ELEKTRA TRAINER<br />

An everyday-use electric airplane<br />

Calin Gologan has been working on electric aircraft for more than ten<br />

years. With the Elektra Trainer, for the first time, a plane has reached<br />

the point where it is ready for series production and also appeals to a<br />

wider audience. Two-seater, 2.5 hours flight time plus reserve - these<br />

are the key data that could convince flight schools and flying clubs -<br />

despite the high purchase price. At the AERO <strong>2023</strong>, the machine will<br />

not only draw attention to itself with the DULV type certification but also<br />

with approval for glider towing. The CEO of Flying Pages Willi Tacke<br />

was the first journalist in the world to have the opportunity to fly the<br />

ElektraTrainer.<br />

FLIGHT REPORT FROM WDLA PARTNER MAGAZINES<br />

The agony of choice<br />

The development of electrically powered aircraft is diverse and becoming more<br />

and more diverse. This year the following decisions are on the horizon: eV-, eC-<br />

TOL or eSTOL, urban or regional and last but not least battery, hybrid or hydrogen<br />

or maybe all three together.<br />

Urban Air mobility - The aviation industry‘s buzzword,<br />

Urban Air Mobility, is losing its popularity. Manufacturers<br />

have realized that inner city infrastructure development<br />

may take longer, making flights more expensive.<br />

As a result, the focus has shifted to Regional<br />

Air Mobility, where flights operate from international<br />

airports to nearby landing sites, followed by other<br />

modes of transportation to the city center. The Chinese-German<br />

eVTOL manufacturer, Autoflight, has set<br />

a world record for take-off mass and flight distance<br />

with a payload of measuring and recording devices.<br />

This device can serve both inner cities and regional<br />

10 World Directory of Light Aviation > <strong>2023</strong>-2024<br />

destinations. The Berlin startup, Nex, plans to launch<br />

a fuel cell-powered aircraft, while Lilium, based in Munich,<br />

has shifted its focus to regional mobility with its<br />

Liliumjet.<br />

ELECTRIC MOTORS<br />

BOSCH GENERAL AVIATION<br />

TECHNOLOGY<br />

COLLINS AEROSPACE POWER &<br />

CONTROLS<br />

CONTRA ELECTRIC PROPULSION<br />

LTD.<br />

Some companies are competing to provide shorthaul<br />

flights for future customers. Some use eCTOL<br />

(electrically powered aircraft that take off and land<br />

conventionally) or eSTOL (Short Take Off and Landing)<br />

aircraft that require runways. However, Vaeridion<br />

from Munich is developing a 9-seater commuter<br />

aircraft with an electric motor and a conventional propeller<br />

in the nose. With a highly efficient wing, the battery-electric<br />

machine aims to have a range of around<br />

500 kilometers.<br />

EMRAX D.O.O.<br />

Pod hribom 4 • SI-1235 Radomlje • SLOVENIA<br />

ENGIRO GMBH<br />

Rathausstr. 10 • 52072 Aachen • GERMANY<br />

EQUIPMAKE<br />

Unit 7, Snetterton Business Park • Snetterton<br />

EVOLARIS AVIATION GMBH<br />

(evolaris aviation gmbh / InnoCampus) Dr.<br />

<strong>2023</strong>-2024 < World Directory of Light Aviation 11<br />

Abbreviations<br />

MOTORS - ELECTRIC<br />

Available online @ www.wdla.flying-pages.com<br />

@ EAA Sales Outlets - AirVentures <strong>2023</strong><br />

ELECTRIC MOTORS<br />

34<br />

e Flight <strong>Journal</strong>


The Event to bring your Products and Ideas to China<br />

& Electrify China’s Sky and your Business.<br />

The sixth Forum on<br />

Electric Aviation in China:<br />

eVTOL-, Autonomous Flight, LSA-,<br />

Hybrid-, Engine-,<br />

Battery-, Manufacturers,<br />

Regulators, Investors<br />

Where: Kunshan / Jiangsu - CHINA<br />

Real & online<br />

When: November 29 & 30, <strong>2023</strong><br />

Who: Flying-Pages GmbH<br />

& the who is who<br />

in electric flight<br />

from around the World.<br />

<strong>2023</strong><br />

www.e-flight-forum.com<br />

America & Europe ( 美 国 及 欧 洲 ):<br />

Willi@flying-pages.com +49 171 698 0871<br />

China & Asia:( 中 国 及 亚 洲 地 区 ):<br />

Xin@flying-pages.com +86 1362 8048 709 or +49 152 047 20326


Powering new ways to y<br />

At Rolls-Royce, we develop complete electrical power and propulsion systems<br />

for Advanced Air Mobility. Building on latest technology, from power generation<br />

and energy storage via power electronics and control systems to electric motors,<br />

we deliver fault-tolerant, fail-safe and ight-critical products for all-electric and<br />

hybrid-electric ight applications.<br />

Discover our portfolio on<br />

www.rolls-royce.com/electrical

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