Africa Surveyors July-August issue 2022

Africa Surveyors is Africa’s premier source of Surveying, Mapping and Geospatial news and an envoy of surveying products/service for the Construction, Maritime, Onshore & Offshore energy and exploration, Engineering, Oil and Gas, Agricultural and Mining sectors on new solution based trends and technology for the African market.

Africa Surveyors is Africa’s premier source of Surveying, Mapping and Geospatial news and an envoy of surveying products/service for the Construction, Maritime, Onshore & Offshore energy and exploration, Engineering, Oil and Gas, Agricultural and Mining sectors on new solution based trends and technology for the African market.


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<strong>July</strong> -<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> <strong>2022</strong> Volume 4 <strong>issue</strong> no. 22<br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Surveyors</strong><br />

Geological Survey<br />

Understanding the earth's structure<br />

3D Stereo visualization with 3D PluraView<br />

Underwater expedition at Maldives<br />

Turkey's Bayraktar TB2 drone<br />

In this <strong>issue</strong>......<br />

Geophysical Surveys begins<br />

on the Kukuom Gold<br />

Project in Ghana....pg 34<br />

www.africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

Total focus on renewables and gas is<br />

the cheapest way to meet Mozambique’s<br />

new electricity demand....pg 14<br />

Study uncovers four potential<br />

electrification paths for oil &<br />

gas assets....pg 36<br />

<strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 1

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2 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com


Contents<br />

Current Issue<br />

32 28<br />

In this <strong>issue</strong> we look<br />

at Geological Survey,<br />

Understanding the earth's<br />

structure and many more....<br />

enjoy the <strong>issue</strong>!<br />


News Briefs 4<br />

Events 8<br />

34<br />

Innovation 10<br />

Opinion 14<br />

Project review 36<br />

Managing Editor<br />

<strong>August</strong>ine Mwita<br />

Editor-in-Chief<br />

Monica Robina<br />

Senior Editor &<br />

Marketing Lead<br />

Dorcas Kang’ereha<br />

Writer<br />

Violet Ambale<br />

Harriet Mkhaye<br />

Irene Joseph<br />

Innocent Momanyi<br />

Sales Executives<br />


Geological Survey: Understanding the earth's structure<br />

Features<br />

Marine: Underwater expedition at Maldives<br />

Drones: Turkeay's Bayraktar TB2 drone<br />

Photogrammetry: 3D Stereo visualization with 3D<br />

PluraView<br />

14<br />

East <strong>Africa</strong><br />

Jimmy Mudasia<br />

Lydia Kamonya<br />

Caiser Momanyi<br />

Vincent Murono<br />

Sheila Ing’ayitsa<br />

Oil & Gas: Study uncovers four potential electrification<br />

paths for oil & gas assets<br />

Project Review: Geophysical Surveys begins on the<br />

Kukuom Gold Project in Ghana<br />

22<br />

South <strong>Africa</strong><br />

Paul Nyakeri<br />

Sean Masangwanyi<br />

Lisa Brown<br />

Thembisa Ndlovu<br />

Nigeria<br />

Emelda Njomboro<br />

Uche Maxwel<br />

Designed and<br />

Published by:<br />

P.O. Box 52248-00100,<br />

Nairobi, Kenya.<br />


Caroni.......................................................................................IFC<br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Surveyors</strong>.....................................................................IBC<br />

Position Partners....................................................................OBC<br />

Diversified Communication ...............................................pg 13<br />

dmg events.............................................................................pg 21<br />

Applanix...................................................................................pg 24<br />

Saab..........................................................................................pg 25<br />

Intergeo...................................................................................pg 25<br />

4D Global.................................................................................pg 26<br />

dmg events .............................................................................pg 27<br />

IGI...............................................................................................pg 31<br />

EnergyNet.................................................................................pg 33<br />

MacArtney...............................................................................pg 38<br />

36<br />

Contact us<br />

Tel: 0774288100<br />

Emaii: info@africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

Web: https://africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

The Editor accepts letter and manuscripts for publication from readers all over the world. Include your name and address as a sign of good faith although you may<br />

request your name to be withheld from publication. We can reserve the right to edit any material submitted. Send your letters to: info@africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

Disclaimer:<br />

Nailex <strong>Africa</strong> Publishing makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of the contents of its publications, but no warranty is made to such accuracy and<br />

no responsibility will be borne by the publisher for the consequences of actions based on information so published. Further, opinions expressed on<br />

interviews are not necessarily shared by Nailex <strong>Africa</strong> Publisher.<br />

www.africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

<strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 3


ABL enters MoU with Egyptian-owned<br />

safety specialist<br />

NIS wants Fed Govt to<br />

embark on proper mapping<br />

of Nigeria over insecurity<br />

ABL Group has signed a memorandum of<br />

understanding (MoU) with Petroleum<br />

Safety & Environmental Services Co.<br />

(PetroSafe) to collaborate on safety and<br />

environmental services for Egypt’s oil and gas<br />

sector.<br />

Petrosafe is owned by Egyptian General<br />

The technology group Wärtsilä will<br />

carry out an upgrading project of the<br />

electrical and automation systems to<br />

ensure optimal reliability of the Kribi power<br />

plant in the Republic of Cameroon. The 216<br />

MW plant has been in operation for nearly<br />

ten years, operating with 13 Wärtsilä 50DF<br />

dual-fuel engines running primarily on<br />

natural gas. At the time of commissioning,<br />

it was the largest gas engine power plant<br />

in Sub-Saharan <strong>Africa</strong>. Wärtsilä will also<br />

support the customer’s operational and<br />

maintenance performance with a 10-year<br />

long-term service agreement.<br />

The order with Wärtsilä was placed by<br />

Kribi power development company (KPDC),<br />

a subsidiary of Globeleq, an independent<br />

power producer (IPP) and the owner and<br />

operator of power generating facilities<br />

across <strong>Africa</strong>. The order will be booked in<br />

Wärtsilä’s order intake in Q3/<strong>2022</strong>.<br />

“The Kribi power plant has a vital role<br />

Petroleum Corp.<br />

ABL, an engineering and marine consultancy<br />

based in Oslo, will support the company with<br />

marine engineering and design services,<br />

marine surveys, inspections and audits,<br />

marine warranty survey, and other services to<br />

assist marine casualty management.<br />

Wärtsilä to provide automation upgrade and long-term<br />

service agreement for an iconic power plant in Cameroon<br />

within the <strong>Africa</strong>n energy sector. It is still<br />

today supplying two-thirds of the thermal<br />

energy in Cameroon. Cameroon’s energy<br />

system relies heavily on hydropower, but<br />

has uncertain resources of water. The Kribi<br />

plant, therefore, plays a key role in ensuring<br />

a supply of safe, cheap, and reliable energy.<br />

For this reason we are keen to upgrade the<br />

power plant’s automation systems to the<br />

latest design to ensure optimal reliability,<br />

and to strengthen our cooperation with<br />

Wärtsilä, leveraging their competences on<br />

a continuous basis within the framework<br />

of the long-term service agreement,”<br />

commented Gionata Visconti, Chief<br />

Operating Officer, Globeleq.<br />

“Wärtsilä has a strong regional presence,<br />

which enables us to provide valuable<br />

technical support that optimises engine<br />

performance and maximises the production<br />

capabilities of this power plant which has<br />

such a significant role in Cameroon’s power<br />

supply. We are also in a position to ensure<br />

the availability of critical spare parts, and<br />

this is an essential element within the<br />

long-term service agreement between<br />

our companies. All in all, this is a very<br />

important project, both for the customer and<br />

for Wärtsilä,” said Markus Ljungkvist, Vice<br />

President, Services, Wärtsilä Energy.<br />

The Nigerian Institution of <strong>Surveyors</strong><br />

(NIS) has advised the Federal<br />

Government to initiate proper<br />

geospatial mapping of the nation. It said<br />

that doing so would help in the war against<br />

terrorists, banditry and other criminal<br />

activities. The NIS lamented that the current<br />

maps in operation was done in 1965 and<br />

already obsolete, noting that the first thing<br />

government should do is mapping of the<br />

country to see where the criminal elements<br />

are.<br />

The surveyors stated this in a communique at<br />

the end of their 56th yearly general meeting/<br />

conference with the theme: “Mapping<br />

Policies, Strategies and Spatial Infrastructure<br />

for Sustainable E-governance in Nigeria,”<br />

which took place in Ado-Ekiti from Monday,<br />

<strong>July</strong> 25 to Friday, <strong>July</strong> 29, <strong>2022</strong>.<br />

The communiqué, read to newsmen<br />

by National President of NIS, Kayode<br />

Oluwamotemi, stated: “The first thing for us<br />

to do to overcome this insecurity is proper<br />

mapping of the entire country. That is when<br />

you will be able to see everywhere and what<br />

is involved.<br />

“With good mapping, we should be able to<br />

tackle insecurity. We are ready to partake<br />

and make Nigeria secure and governable.<br />

The map we are referring to today was<br />

that of 1965 or 1966. Certain percentage,<br />

according to the United Nations (UN), must<br />

be earmarked yearly for mapping, but we<br />

don’t do this in Nigeria.”<br />

The NIS, which appealed for wholly<br />

implementation of the Survey Co-ordination<br />

Act 1962, further said: “There is poor<br />

awareness of the fundamental role of<br />

surveying and mapping in the realisation<br />

of e-governance in the public and private<br />

sectors.<br />

4 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com


Toshiba ESS, KenGen sign<br />

MoU on geothermal power<br />

cooperation<br />

Japan’s Toshiba Energy Systems &<br />

Solutions Corporation (Toshiba ESS) and<br />

Kenya Electricity Generating Company<br />

PLC, also known as KenGen, have signed a<br />

memorandum of understanding (MoU) to<br />

cooperate in the geothermal power sector in<br />

developing countries including those in East<br />

<strong>Africa</strong>.<br />

The parties said in an announcement on<br />

Wednesday that the document outlines their<br />

partnership on operation and maintenance<br />

(O&M) services for the geothermal power<br />

plants. The arrangement will also see<br />

KenGen contribute to the development of<br />

geothermal power project in East <strong>Africa</strong>n<br />

countries.<br />

GeoPartners to acquire 3D seismic over Mozambique’s<br />

Angoche Basin<br />

GeoPartners has signed an exclusive<br />

agreement with Mozambique’s Instituto<br />

Nacional de Petroleo to perform a new<br />

multiclient 3D geophysical survey over the<br />

country’s offshore Angoche Basin.<br />

The program involves acquisition of a<br />

minimum of 12,000 sq km of data over<br />

blocks to be awarded following the closure of<br />

Mozambique’s current 6th Licensing Round.<br />

GeoPartners will apply acquisition and<br />

imaging techniques to improve illumination<br />

of complex structures to help reduce<br />

exploration risk and support potential fasttrack<br />

production and development.<br />

Pre-acquisition permitting is underway, with<br />

the six-month survey due to start early next<br />

year. Early processed results should be <strong>issue</strong>d<br />

by year-end 2023.<br />

South <strong>Africa</strong>n court confirms Shell seismic exploration ban<br />

“There is an ongoing survey to identify<br />

geothermal resources in the Great Rift Valley,<br />

a tectonic plate boundary running from north<br />

to south with immense geothermal potential.<br />

Both companies are delighted to cooperate<br />

in this opportunity, and plan further business<br />

expansion,” the press release reads.<br />

Both KenGen and Toshiba ESS have the<br />

industry know-how and networks in the<br />

geothermal power sector, which they intend<br />

to the bring to the partnership. The Kenyan<br />

power producer has 799 MW of geothermal<br />

capacity installed. Toshiba ESS had a hand<br />

in the development of multiple geothermal<br />

projects, having delivered 60 geothermal<br />

power generation sets with a total capacity<br />

of around 3,790 MW across the world,<br />

including Uganda, Malawi and other East<br />

<strong>Africa</strong>n countires. Its steam turbines and<br />

generators are also installed in KenGen’s<br />

plants.<br />

“Geothermal energy provides sustainable<br />

power supply. It is a resource we have in<br />

abundance in Kenya, an advantage that<br />

has enabled us to build a considerable<br />

wealth of expertise in its exploration and<br />

development. This we have done for more<br />

than 50 years,” commented Rebecca Miano,<br />

KenGen managing director and CEO.<br />

www.africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

A<br />

South <strong>Africa</strong>n court upheld an earlier<br />

ban imposed on energy giant Shell<br />

from using seismic waves to explore for<br />

oil and gas off the Indian Ocean coast.<br />

The judgment delivered in the southern<br />

town of Makhanda marked a monumental<br />

victory for environmentalists concerned<br />

about the impact the exploration would have<br />

on whales and other marine life.<br />

The 2014 decision granting the right for the<br />

“exploration of oil and gas in the Transkei<br />

and Algoa exploration areas is reviewed and<br />

set aside,” the high court in the southern city<br />

of Makhanda (formerly Grahamstown) ruled,<br />

according to judgment seen by AFP.<br />

Civil rights organizations and civilians<br />

celebrated outside the courthouse following<br />

the verdict, according to local media.<br />

A Shell spokesperson said they “respect the<br />

court’s decision” and that they would review<br />

the judgment to “determine our next steps”.<br />

Shell did not say if it will appeal the<br />

judgment or not.<br />

“We remain committed to South <strong>Africa</strong> and<br />

our role in the just energy transition,” he<br />

said.<br />

Last December the same court <strong>issue</strong>d an<br />

interim order prohibiting the company firm<br />

from forging ahead with its plans.<br />

The petroleum giant was set to collect 3D<br />

seismic data over more than 6,000 square<br />

kilometers (2,300 square miles) of ocean off<br />

South <strong>Africa</strong>’s wild coast — a 300-kilometer<br />

(185-mile) stretch of rich waters housing<br />

exquisite marine life and natural reserves.<br />

Campaigners argued that the research<br />

would have sent “extremely” loud shock<br />

waves every 10 seconds, 24 hours a day for<br />

five months, potentially harming marine<br />

species, and disrupting their routines.<br />

<strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 5


New Esri Initiative<br />

provides Free<br />

Geospatial Software for<br />

Nonprofits<br />

Nonprofits are increasingly taking a<br />

geographic approach to implementing<br />

their plans and ensuring the success<br />

of their goals. One nonprofit organization<br />

recently used geospatial technology to<br />

target likely donors as well as identify areas<br />

in need while addressing the recent baby<br />

formula shortage. To support and advance the<br />

missions of similar small nonprofits that may<br />

think geographic information systems (GIS)<br />

software is out of reach, Esri, the global leader<br />

in location intelligence, has launched the Esri<br />

Small Nonprofit Organization Grant Initiative.<br />

The grant initiative will provide 150 501(c)<br />

(3) nonprofit organizations with access to GIS<br />

training and software.<br />

“The Esri Small Nonprofit Organization Grant<br />

Initiative is focused on enabling nonprofits<br />

to leverage GIS to achieve their goals<br />

while cooperating with local communities,”<br />

said Christopher Thomas, Esri director of<br />

government markets. “We are proud to assist<br />

small nonprofit organizations that are new<br />

to GIS, while helping them understand the<br />

unique perspective and new insights location<br />

brings to data.”<br />

The GIS technology available to grantees<br />

will empower nonprofits of all sizes to<br />

better communicate their cause, understand<br />

communities, act on their mission, measure<br />

impacts, as well as extend services, attract<br />

volunteers, expand donor networks, and<br />

shape public policies.<br />

The Esri Small Nonprofit Organization Grant<br />

Initiative will provide recipients with<br />

i. One (1) GIS Professional User- ArcGIS Pro,<br />

ArcGIS Online<br />

ii. Two (2) Creator Named Users- ArcGIS<br />

Online, ArcGIS Enterprise<br />

iii. Two (2) Viewer Named Users- ArcGIS<br />

Online, ArcGIS Enterprise<br />

iv. Two (2) ArcGIS Business Analyst Web App<br />

Standard Add-Ons.<br />

FarSounder Partners with Propspeed for<br />

Biofouling Solution<br />

FarSounder has<br />

approved Propspeed<br />

FoulFree as an<br />

acceptable coating for the<br />

Argos sonar array face to<br />

limit biofouling. As a result,<br />

the companies have come<br />

together to offer the first<br />

application of FoulFree at<br />

no charge with each new<br />

Argos purchase.<br />

FoulFree is a specialized<br />

foul-release coating that<br />

is biocide free and not<br />

harmful to marine life.<br />

Designed to limit the<br />

adhesion of biofouling,<br />

this product is certified by Airmar and results<br />

in no loss in transducer performance once<br />

applied. For a limited time, all new orders of<br />

Argos forward facing sonars are eligible for<br />

a complimentary FoulFree Application Kit.<br />

FarSounder customer should request the kit<br />

at time of order, and it will be included in<br />

the Transducer Module’s package.<br />

Keeping your Transducer Module’s array face<br />

clean from marine growth is important for<br />

optimal sonar performance. While simple<br />

Washington-based Hydrosat, a<br />

geospatial data and analytics startup,<br />

announced <strong>July</strong> 29 it has secured U.S.<br />

regulatory approval to provide global services<br />

from its upcoming thermal imaging system.<br />

Hydrosat was awarded a National<br />

Oceanographic and Atmospheric<br />

Administration license at Tier 1, which has<br />

the fewest conditions under a streamlined<br />

regulatory regime that came into effect<br />

in 2020. Tier 1 systems have capabilities<br />

deemed similar to systems that are not<br />

licensed by the U.S. Commerce Department,<br />

such as the U.S. government’s Landsat-9<br />

satellite or foreign commercial systems.<br />

Tier 2 remote sensing ventures offering<br />

data matched only by other U.S. systems,<br />

and Tier 3 systems seeking to provide a<br />

“completely novel capability,” are subject to<br />

stricter regulatory constraints which make<br />

cleaning methods can be used to remove<br />

growth, applying a coat of FoulFree to the<br />

urethane can significantly reduce the amount<br />

of fouling to be cleaned.<br />

The accumulation of biofouling can cause<br />

damage to the mechanics of a vessel over<br />

time, including a sonar array face. FoulFree is<br />

one solution that has been tested and proven<br />

to not be harmful to marine life or ship<br />

mechanics. This makes it an ideal product for<br />

environmentally continuous mariners and<br />

companies like FarSounder.<br />

Hydrosat secures Tier 1 remote sensing operating license<br />

it more difficult to sell commercially or<br />

internationally.<br />

Hydrosat CEO Pieter Fossel said Tier 1<br />

certification for VanZyl-1, Hydrosat’s first<br />

satellite mission which is set to launch on a<br />

Loft Orbital condosat via a SpaceX Falcon 9<br />

rideshare mission early next year, gives the<br />

startup the highest degree of flexibility in<br />

how it can collect and sell data commercially.<br />

The license “gives us the most freedom to<br />

operate independently, and signifies that<br />

NOAA has determined that what we’re doing<br />

as a commercial organization, as an exporter,<br />

as a job creator is worthwhile,” Fossel said.<br />

6 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com

eBee X Series Drones are World First to Receive EASA’s C2 Certificate<br />


SenseFly, an AgEagle company<br />

announces that eBee X, eBee Geo<br />

and eBee Ag are the first commercial<br />

drones to be designated with the C2 class<br />

identification label in accordance with the<br />

European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)<br />

regulations. As of <strong>August</strong> 22, <strong>2022</strong>, drone<br />

operators flying C2 labeled eBees will<br />

be able to conduct missions in the “Open<br />

Category”, with all the advantages that this<br />

entails.<br />

The C2 certification allows the eBee X series,<br />

with correct labelling, to fly at a horizontal<br />

distance of 30 meters from uninvolved<br />

people. By contrast, heavy drones like VTOLs<br />

or quadcopters must maintain a distance of<br />

150 meters from people and any residential,<br />

commercial, industrial and recreational<br />

areas, limiting their operational capabilities<br />

to remote zones.<br />

According to Barrett Mooney, Chairman<br />

and CEO of AgEagle, “When compared to<br />

the weight and safety profiles of other<br />

competitive commercial drones, only the eBee<br />

are cleared to fly commercial operations near<br />

people with the C2 class identification label.<br />

This represents a huge market differential for<br />

our customers in Europe, that will be able to<br />

operate around populated areas without any<br />

formal permission or regulatory waiver”.<br />

In addition, the eBee X series are also the<br />

industry’s first drones (June <strong>2022</strong>) to receive<br />

a Design Verification Report (DVR) from<br />

EASA on M2 Ground Risk Mitigation for the<br />

European “Specific Category” to conduct<br />

BVLOS and Operations Over People (OOP).<br />

The DVR paves the way for European drone<br />

operators to seek approvals from their<br />

applicable National Aviation Authorities.<br />

To be designated as a C2 aircraft, eBees<br />

underwent rigorous testing and evaluation by<br />

the accredited laboratory NavCert GmbH to<br />

confirm that they meet specific EASA criteria.<br />

C2 class aircraft must weigh less than 4 kg<br />

/ 8.8 lbs maximum takeoff weight (MTOM),<br />

have remote ID and geo-awareness, and be<br />

compliant with the safety and manufacturing<br />

standards of the European Union.<br />

Marcel Visser, Managing Director of NavCert<br />

GmbH, stated, “We congratulate senseFly on<br />

this important achievement, and we wish<br />

them a high market share for the eBee X<br />

series drones. We are grateful that NavCert<br />

has been selected as the Notified Body (NB<br />

2603) to assess the eBee X series fixed-wing<br />

drones for the CE mark."<br />

Traffic Design Data Manager from Phocaz Is Powered by the Bentley<br />

iTwin Platform<br />

Phocaz, Inc. has announced the release<br />

of Traffic Design Data Manager. The<br />

new application is designed for the<br />

transportation industry and leverages<br />

the Bentley iTwin platform to aggregate<br />

design data and graphic workflows. Traffic<br />

Design Data Manager makes it easy for<br />

transportation agencies to create feature<br />

reports, capture quality <strong>issue</strong>s, and generate<br />

quantities for traffic design projects. The<br />

application simplifies data navigation by<br />

synchronizing report records with feature<br />

location, tracks design <strong>issue</strong>s such as missing<br />

lengths, pay items, or alignment names.<br />

Traffic Design Data Manager eliminates errors<br />

like missing data, breaks down discipline<br />

siloes, and eliminates paper-based checking.<br />

Save time and capture quality <strong>issue</strong>s<br />

automatically. Capture tedious design <strong>issue</strong>s<br />

that take time checking and re-checking. For<br />

example, capture missing striping lengths<br />

and pay items in the design stage, before<br />

submitting to the quality team.<br />

Increase data trust across discipline domains,<br />

silos by improving data integrity.<br />

Traffic Design Data Manager<br />

makes it easy to move data from<br />

design to downstream consumers.<br />

Eliminate paper for the QA/QC<br />

team. Traffic Design Data Manager<br />

is an easy-to-use application that<br />

helps eliminate the resistance<br />

to digital design checking. The<br />

application makes it faster and<br />

easier to check and cross-reference project<br />

designs.<br />

“Traffic Design Data Manager evolved from<br />

our clients’ desire to understand how the<br />

Bentley iTwin platform can solve the types<br />

of problems they might encounter,” said Mark<br />

Stefanchuk, CTO of Phocaz, Inc. “Encouraging<br />

the quality team to use a paperless process<br />

sounds simple. But reviewers who don’t<br />

regularly interact with technologies like CAD<br />

or GIS can be highly resistant. So, with Traffic<br />

Design Data Manager, Powered by iTwin, we<br />

can introduce browser-based workflows that<br />

are more familiar to more users. We added<br />

reports whose records automatically synch<br />

with graphics making navigation to points<br />

of investigation simple—and it’s faster than<br />

using paper.”<br />

“We are very pleased to have Phocaz add<br />

their Traffic Design Data Manager application<br />

to the Powered by iTwin program,” said Adam<br />

Klatzkin, Vice President, iTwin Platform,<br />

at Bentley Systems. “In doing so, Phocaz<br />

joins the growing ecosystem of software<br />

developers enabling digital twin solutions<br />

with the Bentley iTwin platform. Traffic<br />

Design Data Manager is a great example<br />

of how digital twin technologies can<br />

improve roadway design and construction<br />

by automating the capture of design quality<br />

<strong>issue</strong>s and increasing data trust across<br />

traditionally siloed discipline domains.”<br />

www.africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

<strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 7

EVENTS<br />

Cape Town expo powers the Western<br />

Cape’s R23 billion construction sector<br />

investment in the residential sector. “The municipality continues to<br />

outperform other regions due to its ability to process building plans<br />

and complete building projects with little interruption,” he says.<br />

Mark Fugard, Senior Vice President of Master Builders Association<br />

Western Cape says that the Western Cape residential market<br />

has also benefitted from migration and semigration from other<br />

provinces. However, he adds that many of their members have found<br />

themselves in an overly competitive environment due to insufficient<br />

market opportunities. “The construction industry in the Western<br />

Cape requires an increase in investment from national and local<br />

government as well as continued support from the private sector to<br />

realise sustainable growth into the future.”<br />

South <strong>Africa</strong>’s multi-billion-rand construction industry provides<br />

employment for over 475,000 people nationwide, with around<br />

one third of these employees living in Cape Town. The Mother<br />

City is home to an equally thriving construction sector, which<br />

contributes over R20 billion to the city’s economy each year.<br />

At a provincial level, the Western Cape construction industry is<br />

experiencing swift growth, with research from StatsSA from May <strong>2022</strong><br />

revealing the province as the national leader in terms of total value of<br />

residential building plans passed and completed. Accounting for 34%<br />

.13 of the national total of building plans passed, compared to 29.8%<br />

in Gauteng, it also boasted 40% of the national share of buildings<br />

completed, compared to 31.3% in Gauteng.<br />

According to Christoff Vlok, Regional Account Manager at Builders,<br />

the Western Cape’s increase in residential activity is thanks to private<br />

In this vein, leading industry expo The Big 5 Construct Western Cape<br />

will bring together senior decision-makers from within province’s<br />

building and construction industries to unlock future opportunities<br />

for responsible and sustainable development. Organised by dmg<br />

events, which boasts over three decades of successful exhibitions on<br />

a global stage, the trade show will run at SunExhibits at GrandWest<br />

from 7-8 September <strong>2022</strong> and is free for all visitors to attend.<br />

“The Big 5 Construct Western Cape, previously known as the<br />

Cape Construction Expo, is the only event dedicated exclusively<br />

to the building and construction industry in and for the Western<br />

Cape. Leveraging the expertise of our highly successful The Big<br />

5 construction exhibitions portfolio, we are proud to be able to<br />

deliver an unparalleled platform for professionals in the province to<br />

meet and engage with key buyers and other industry stakeholders,<br />

as well as build a network of local agents and distributors and/or<br />

contractors,” says Event Director Tracy-Lee Behr.<br />

Join us for the top meeting of the international geospatial<br />

community and discover innovations for a smarter<br />

world. The international geo community will meet in<br />

Essen from October 18 to 20, <strong>2022</strong> and digitally worldwide<br />

on the web. Don’t miss the most important meeting of the<br />

geospatial industry in <strong>2022</strong> and secure your participation<br />

now! Learn more about the latest trends moving the<br />

geospatial world.<br />

EXHIBITORS will showcase their innovations in Digital Twin,<br />

Mobile Mapping, BIM, GIS, commercial drones, Smart City<br />

and more, leaving a lasting impression on an international<br />

audience of professionals and industry leaders. At this<br />

year’s INTERGEO, the international trade fair for geodesy,<br />

geoinformation and land management, you will have firstclass<br />

opportunities to push your brand, or further underline<br />

the reputation you have already gained.<br />

INTERGEO <strong>2022</strong><br />

8 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com

EVENTS<br />

Offshore Technology <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>2022</strong><br />

With 18,950 miles of coastline, shared by 38 Countries,<br />

newly discovered offshore gas reserves, extensive<br />

offshore wind potential, technological advancements<br />

in tidal power, ocean current power, OTEC, and marine floating<br />

PV. <strong>Africa</strong>’s offshore energy potential is perhaps the most<br />

underdeveloped resource across the continent.<br />

Offshore Technology <strong>Africa</strong> (OTA) launches in Cape Town, South<br />

<strong>Africa</strong>, in November <strong>2022</strong> to enable Governments, Financiers,<br />

Developers, Solution and Technology providers to come together<br />

to expedite the unlocking of <strong>Africa</strong>’s vast and transformative<br />

offshore energy potential.<br />

Offshore Technology <strong>Africa</strong> will take the form of interactive<br />

boardrooms, allowing all participants to get involved in<br />

collaborative and productive discussions. All attendees should<br />

come prepared to participate in a collaborative environment and<br />

leave with productive outcomes.<br />

The Big 5<br />

Construct<br />

Western Cape<br />

The Big 5 Construct Western Cape, previously Cape Construction<br />

Expo, is the only event dedicated exclusively to the building<br />

and construction industry in and for the Western Cape.<br />

This free to attend expo features a unique opportunity for product<br />

manufacturers and distributors as well as service providers to<br />

network with key buyers from the sector.<br />

The Big 5 Construct KZN<br />

The Big 5 Construct KZN is the only<br />

event in KwaZulu-Natal that brings<br />

together key stakeholders involved in<br />

construction and infrastructure projects in<br />

the region to address strategic <strong>issue</strong>s around<br />

funding, collaboration, project delivery, and<br />

sustainability.<br />

In response to the current times and to<br />

encourage adaptability, the 2-day expo will<br />

now co-locate with Transport Evolution <strong>Africa</strong><br />

Forum & Expo, and will ensure digital access<br />

to credible content and connections for<br />

professionals unable to attend the live event.<br />

www.africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

<strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 9


New SXblue SMART GNSS Smart Antenna<br />

In an effort to constantly improve its<br />

geomatics and surveying product<br />

offering, Geneq Inc. has just released<br />

the SXblue SMART to meet the requirements<br />

of professionals looking for accuracy and<br />

flexibility for field work.<br />

The SXblue SMART features a GNSS engine<br />

capable of tracking all-in-view GNSS signals<br />

with high speed, saving time on the field. In<br />

addition, its mechanism and antenna design<br />

are at the forefront of interference mitigation<br />

technology and optimize its ability to handle<br />

a wide frequency band.<br />

Weighing only 850g including battery, the<br />

SXblue SMART is a compact receiver that<br />

elegantly combines the accuracy, ruggedness<br />

and maneuverability needed for the most<br />

active surveying professional. Indeed, its<br />

layered design and integrated components<br />

are the basis for its performance and<br />

ergonomy. The surveyor will appreciate its<br />

radio link thanks to the Farlink protocol that<br />

allows a range up to 8km. This performance is<br />

achievable while keeping a large bandwidth<br />

useful for the transmission of RTK data.<br />

In addition to the well-known tilt sensor for<br />

measurements in hard-to-reach places, the<br />

SXblue SMART features a high-performance<br />

attitude measurement module that can detect<br />

and measure the movement of the device.<br />

Also, its integrated inertial measurement unit<br />

adds a unique feature for even more accurate<br />

and stable measurements and increased<br />

productivity.<br />

In addition to the IMU, the SXblue has a<br />

built-in thermometer sensor for monitoring<br />

and controlling the internal temperature.<br />

As well, its communication features have<br />

been improved compared to ils existing<br />

product line. This is the case with the<br />

NFC communication that facilitates close<br />

communication with the controller or mobile<br />

phone equipped with this technology.<br />

New Scanning and Imaging Solution from<br />

Trimble Simplifies 3D Deliverables<br />

Trimble (NASDAQ: TRMB) has introduced<br />

the new Trimble® X12 scanning system<br />

to the geospatial scanning portfolio. The<br />

X12 integrates intuitive Trimble software for<br />

precise data capture and in-field registration<br />

with state-of-the-art 3D laser scanning<br />

and imaging hardware technology from<br />

Zoller+Fröhlich (Z+F), combining the expertise<br />

of two industry leaders into a single solution.<br />

The Trimble X12 can be operated by using<br />

Trimble Perspective field software installed on<br />

a Trimble T10x tablet to enable registration<br />

and refinement of scans in the field, ensuring<br />

project accuracy and completion before<br />

leaving the jobsite. Users can also leverage<br />

Trimble’s customized on-board software menu<br />

to configure and operate the scanner. Data is<br />

exported from the field and processed in the<br />

office with Trimble RealWorks software or<br />

third-party software. Final deliverables can be<br />

shared online with clients and stakeholders<br />

using Trimble Clarity, a browser-based data<br />

collaboration and visualization tool.<br />

Transforming high-quality 3D data into<br />

decisions, such as using scans, models and<br />

imagery to determine the structural integrity<br />

of aging infrastructure, is streamlined with<br />

the Trimble X12 because the data can reside<br />

within the Trimble software ecosystem. This<br />

advantage allows users to easily visualize,<br />

manage and evaluate the project throughout<br />

the entire workflow, even for beginners and<br />

new users to scanning technology.<br />

With features including best-in-class range<br />

(from 0.3 up to 365 meters) and scan speed<br />

of up to 2.187 million points per second,<br />

the Trimble X12 produces scan data and<br />

images with a quality and clarity never seen<br />

before—which complements the Trimble<br />

X7 capabilities within the scanning product<br />

portfolio.<br />

“The Trimble X12 puts the most advanced 3D<br />

scan and image capture within reach for a<br />

variety of skill levels,” said Jacek Pietruczanis,<br />

business area director for Scanning and<br />

Mobile Mapping, Trimble Geospatial.<br />

“The system enables advanced scanning<br />

professionals to improve their productivity<br />

with top-of-the-line performance and<br />

efficiency gains, while those new to scanning<br />

can easily unlock this advanced capability<br />

with the touch of a button.”<br />

10 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com

Fixposition releases the Vision-RTK 2 – providing<br />

precise global positioning everywhere<br />


Fixposition, a cutting-edge Swiss<br />

technology company providing<br />

high-precision positioning solutions<br />

announces a pioneering centimeter-level<br />

positioning sensor, the Vision-RTK 2.<br />

The low-power and compact, industrial-grade<br />

device is ideal for autonomous delivery and<br />

logistics vehicles, agriculture, mowing and<br />

landscaping machines, as well as any other<br />

application where precise, uninterrupted<br />

positioning must always be available<br />

everywhere.<br />

centimeter to decimeter-level accuracy is not<br />

only crucial but must be available under all<br />

conditions.”<br />

“We are using a global optimization-based<br />

sensor fusion technique that is much more<br />

robust and powerful than traditional Kalman<br />

filters” said Lukas Meier, CTO and Co-founder<br />

of Fixposition, “our computer vision-based<br />

dead reckoning technology has clear<br />

advantages over purely IMU based products.”<br />

“As vehicles and machines become<br />

increasingly autonomous, they must safely<br />

and precisely negotiate complex routes, even<br />

where global positioning satellite visibility<br />

is degraded or blocked,” said Dr. Zhenzhong<br />

Su, CEO and Co-founder of Fixposition, “With<br />

Vision-RTK 2, these applications are becoming<br />

possible. Our deep sensor fusion technology<br />

combines satellite GNSS technology with<br />

advanced computer vision and machine<br />

learning. It delivers a best-in-class solution at<br />

the right price-point for applications where<br />

Censys Technologies Integrates LiDAR into its<br />

Fixed-Wing VTOL Drone<br />

Censys Technologies Corporation is<br />

bringing LiDAR to its list of universal<br />

payload options. Censys, a trailblazer<br />

in the commercial beyond visual line of<br />

site (BVLOS) unmanned aerial systems<br />

(UAS) industry, offers a one-of-a-kind<br />

remote sensing package to revolutionize<br />

the way aerial information is collected for<br />

infrastructure, agriculture, public safety and<br />

more, by bringing together the best software<br />

and hardware solutions in the world of<br />

airborne intelligence. Now, it is integrating<br />

LiDAR into its Sentaero family of fixed-wing<br />

vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft<br />

capable BVLOS.<br />

LiDAR – Light Detection and Ranging – is<br />

a remote sensor camera payload that uses<br />

pulsed laser light for 3D mapping. The LiDAR<br />

measures the time it takes that reflected<br />

laser light to return to the receiver after<br />

bouncing from the ground and measures the<br />

intensity of the pulses to provide readings<br />

of the terrain and points on the ground.<br />

This technology is especially useful for land<br />

surveying, power line inspection, topographic<br />

surveys, forestry and wildfire mitigation,<br />

precision agriculture, and mining.<br />

“In a fixed-wing VTOL with a history of BVLOS<br />

approvals, this is a huge addition to the<br />

Sentaero line,” said Censys Technologies CEO<br />

and Co-Founder Trevor Perrott. “We’ve been<br />

working hard to integrate LiDAR over the past<br />

year to fill customer needs, and now operators<br />

who had been chained to quadcopters have a<br />

new option to do more.”<br />

In a single flight, fixed-wing drones carrying<br />

a LiDAR payload have a system precision of<br />

2.5 centimeters and system accuracy of 3<br />

centimeters at 100 meters above ground level<br />

(AGL). Censys anticipates deliveries of the<br />

LiDAR payloads to customers in <strong>August</strong> <strong>2022</strong>.<br />

www.africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

<strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 11

AWARDS<br />

Seequent named NZ Hi-Tech Company of<br />

the Year <strong>2022</strong><br />

Seequent, The Bentley Subsurface<br />

Company, has been named the PwC<br />

Hi-Tech Company of the Year at the <strong>2022</strong><br />

NZ Hi-Tech Awards. The awards celebrate<br />

New Zealand’s most successful high-tech<br />

companies and the highest achieving<br />

individuals.<br />

Seequent CEO Graham Grant says he’s<br />

incredibly proud of the Seequent team,<br />

both present and past – who have worked<br />

with remarkable skill, focus and passion for<br />

building Seequent into a global subsurface<br />

software success story.<br />

“Ten years ago, we first entered the NZ<br />

HiTech Awards in the export category with<br />

a big vision. With a relentless focus on<br />

innovation, growth and being the best we<br />

can – we’re now thrilled to be named the NZ<br />

Hi-Tech Company of the Year after previous<br />

recognition as a finalist.<br />

“While we’ve been on a high-speed<br />

growth journey for a long time, carving a<br />

name for New Zealand in the subsurface<br />

software sector – the past year has been<br />

transformational and will go down as a<br />

milestone year. We achieved rapid global<br />

growth, acquired four thriving businesses,<br />

grew our innovative solutions portfolio and<br />

continued to expand our team.<br />

“In 2021, we also opened a new chapter<br />

in our growth story with our acquisition by<br />

Nasdaq-listed infrastructure engineering<br />

software company Bentley Systems. Together,<br />

we are helping build a more resilient future<br />

by connecting the built world above ground<br />

with the hidden world below it.”<br />

In addition, Seequent’s former CEO, Shaun<br />

Maloney, who retired in April 2021 after a<br />

decade in the role, was a finalist in the IBM<br />

Hi-Tech Inspiring Individual category. Grant<br />

adds, “It’s fitting to see Shaun’s leadership of<br />

Seequent recognised. It’s been a real honour<br />

leading Seequent and its fantastic team over<br />

the past year – into its exciting next chapter.”<br />

Customers use Seequent’s software in over<br />

120 countries to make better decisions<br />

about the earth, environment, and energy<br />

challenges. These include developing vital<br />

mineral resources, sourcing groundwater<br />

and renewable energy, and designing and<br />

delivering resilient infrastructure – while<br />

lowering the impact on the planet.<br />

A record number of new companies entered<br />

the <strong>2022</strong> NZ Hi-Tech Awards from across the<br />

country and all areas of the hi-tech sector.<br />

In selecting Seequent as the PwC Hi-Tech<br />

Company of the Year the international judges<br />

said, “Seequent is an outstanding Kiwi success<br />

story. The team has developed and deployed<br />

Kiwi technology to companies in over 100<br />

countries around the world in a broad range<br />

of sectors, delivering advanced geoscience<br />

analysis and modelling to enable deeper<br />

understanding of the earth, and to promote<br />

economically and environmentally sound<br />

decision making. The company’s reputation,<br />

growth, advanced technology and continued<br />

global performance set it apart among the<br />

many excellent companies vying for this<br />

award.”<br />

12 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com

SEP. 6-8, <strong>2022</strong><br />




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Total focus on renewables and<br />

gas is the cheapest way to meet<br />

Mozambique’s new electricity demand<br />

“The challenge<br />

facing policy<br />

makers today<br />

is to identify<br />

and develop an<br />

optimal energy<br />

mix at the<br />

lowest total cost<br />

to service this<br />

growing demand<br />

Wallace Manyara<br />

Business Development Manager<br />

Region South & East <strong>Africa</strong>, Wärtsilä Energy<br />

To meet its growing energy needs and<br />

increase electricity access across the<br />

population, Mozambique must build<br />

1.3 GW of new power capacity over the next<br />

decade. A further 2 GW would be needed to<br />

support the planned development of the<br />

Beluluane Industrial Park in the Maputo<br />

province. The challenge facing policy makers<br />

today is to identify and develop an optimal<br />

energy mix at the lowest total cost to service<br />

this growing demand. A recent study carried<br />

out by Wärtsilä shows that investing in a<br />

combination of renewables and gas would<br />

save $2 billion and 25 million tons of CO2<br />

by 2032 compared to adding new coal fired<br />

capacity.<br />

Working in cooperation with EdM<br />

(Electricidade de Moçambique), to assist<br />

the country in developing its long-term<br />

electricity plan, Wärtsilä has examined how<br />

an optimized power system expansion would<br />

look like with the competing technologies<br />

and fuels available, under different demand<br />

increase scenarios from <strong>2022</strong> to 2032. With<br />

its huge reserves of coal and the development<br />

of its immense gas fields, Mozambique has<br />

plenty of power generation potential. The<br />

14 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com

country also has impressive yet untapped,<br />

low-cost wind and solar resources. But which<br />

power mix is going to be the most costeffective?<br />

Using its advanced Plexos power system<br />

modelling tool, which applies a chronological<br />

model to integrate the dispatch challenges<br />

of the intermittent output of low-cost<br />

renewables, Wärtsilä is able to quantify<br />

system level benefits of different generation<br />

and storage technologies to find the lowest<br />

cost solutions. The models consider existing<br />

power capacity, committed capacity additions,<br />

including the 450 MW Temane power plant to<br />

be commissioned in 2024, as well as capacity<br />

expansion candidates including coal, gas, and<br />

renewables.<br />

The different scenarios modelled clearly<br />

show that investing in new coal fired capacity<br />

would not only generate higher emissions<br />

and higher costs, but it would also slow down<br />

investment in renewables. Why? Because<br />

any coal fired power plant, in addition to the<br />

combined cycle gas-turbine plant which is<br />

currently under construction in Temane, would<br />

provide the country with significant baseload<br />

capacity, without the flexibility required to<br />

integrate cheap renewables on the grid.<br />

The cost of solar PV generation has<br />

plummeted over the past decade, making it<br />

the lowest cost source of energy, especially in<br />

Southern <strong>Africa</strong>. The cost of wind farms has<br />

declined significantly too. However, for the<br />

power system to benefit fully from these lowcost<br />

sources, it requires flexible alternatives,<br />

capable of adjusting output rapidly in<br />

response to the intermittence of renewables,<br />

to maintain a balanced system and prevent<br />

power outages. Thermal coal and gas turbine<br />

power plants are designed to operate most<br />

efficiently at full capacity, producing a stable<br />

baseload, and are therefore ill-suited to<br />

adapt their output in response to supply<br />

and demand fluctuations. Relying on these<br />

technologies to balance the grid is inefficient,<br />

leading to higher operating and maintenance<br />

costs, lower margins, as well as higher<br />

emissions.<br />

Lower emissions and lower costs<br />

with flexible gas engine technology<br />

Advanced energy system modeling<br />

demonstrates that gas engine power plants<br />

are best suited to support renewables thanks<br />

to their flexibility. Comprised of multiple<br />

generating units, which can be fired up<br />

instantaneously, they offer a large range in<br />

power supply availability without sacrificing<br />

efficiency. When considering a full fleet of<br />

assets, these flexible power plants can not<br />

only unlock the full potential of renewable<br />

energy assets, but they also offer the lowest<br />

levelized cost of energy (LCoE) as well as<br />

reduction in CO2 emissions.<br />

The model shows that investing in<br />

renewables, together with flexible gas<br />

capacity and energy storage, is the optimal<br />

energy mix to support demand based on<br />

moderate growth projections. By 2032,<br />

focusing on renewables supported by flexible<br />

gas would generate savings of 25 million<br />

tons of CO2 emissions and $2 billion dollars<br />

in total costs when compared to a coal-based<br />

scenario. To provide the additional 2 GW of<br />

electricity to serve the Beluluane Industrial<br />

Park, the cost optimal solution would combine<br />

1 GW of wind and solar capacity together<br />

with 2.6 GW of new baseload and flexible gas<br />

projects.<br />

Moreover, the installation of low-cost solar PV<br />

and wind farms combined with the support<br />

of flexible power generation utilizing its<br />

gas resources, respects the realities of the<br />

country. Renewable off-grid projects and<br />

energy storage systems would support<br />

electrification in rural and more remote areas<br />

of Mozambique and strengthen the country’s<br />

underdeveloped transmission and distribution<br />

network.<br />

Image Courtesy<br />


A marked shift away from coal<br />

The last decade has seen a significant shift<br />

in the power sector driven by the energy<br />

transition. There is clearly a lot of pressure<br />

from the markets to shift away from coal.<br />

In an industry where assets are built to last<br />

more than 20 to 30 years, the economics of<br />

new coal-fired power station developments<br />

are now less and less appealing. This<br />

presents a very strong case for flexible gas<br />

capacity as part of the cost optimal path<br />

towards a massive integration of renewable<br />

energy. Wärtsilä has modelled the regional<br />

power systems across South <strong>Africa</strong>, Namibia,<br />

Botswana and Zambia. All these countries<br />

plan to decommission aging coal plants and<br />

install significant amounts of renewables<br />

over the next decade; and flexibility is key to<br />

supporting these plans.<br />

The decisions taken today to build the right<br />

energy mix will have significant impact on<br />

the transition to cleaner energy not just for<br />

Mozambique, but for Southern <strong>Africa</strong> as a<br />

whole. Today, Mozambique is a net exporter of<br />

coal and gas. By utilizing its vast natural gas<br />

resources to develop its domestic electricity<br />

network with flexible capacity, Mozambique<br />

will have the unique opportunity to meet<br />

both its domestic goal of providing universal<br />

electricity access and become a major<br />

exporter of flexible energy to promote<br />

development of renewables across the region.<br />

www.africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

<strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 15


Graphisoft celebrates 40 years of<br />

serving the AEC industry and unveils<br />

its vision and strategic roadmap to<br />

support customer success in the future<br />

Graphisoft, the leading Building Information Modeling (BIM)<br />

solutions provider for architecture, today unveiled its vision<br />

and strategic roadmap at the global online launch of its<br />

latest solutions and services, including Archicad 26, its award-winning<br />

flagship product, BIMx, BIMcloud, and DDScad.<br />

Graphisoft was founded in Budapest in 1982 by Gábor Bojár and the<br />

late István Gábor Tari with an entrepreneurial spirit and a passion for<br />

delivering value through innovation.<br />

Graphisoft released its first commercial software in 1984 – and<br />

right from the beginning with coordinated 2D and 3D, Archicad has<br />

driven industry innovation ever since. Its “Virtual Building” approach<br />

pioneered the road to what would many years later be called Building<br />

Information Modeling, or simply, “BIM.”<br />

“As we mark Graphisoft’s 40th anniversary, we pause with gratitude<br />

to reflect on how far we have come — now as a global leader in<br />

our industry and serving users in more than 120 countries with 29<br />

localized versions and millions of buildings designed with Archicad,”<br />

said Huw Roberts, CEO, Graphisoft. “But as proud as we are of our<br />

past, we are even more excited about our future. The entrepreneurial<br />

spirit that inspired our founders and fueled our growth continues to<br />

shape our approach to addressing the challenges and opportunities<br />

our customers face today. We remain focused on understanding our<br />

users, their needs and aspirations, and on delivering great products<br />

and services to help them achieve their best, and to create great<br />

architecture,” he added.<br />

Graphisoft’s Vision, Mission, and Strategy<br />

Graphisoft believes in a world where buildings make people’s lives<br />

better, and where these buildings are designed and delivered by<br />

digitalized multi-disciplinary teams working together easily and<br />

effectively.<br />

To help realize the vision, Graphisoft’s mission is ‘Empowering teams<br />

to create great architecture.’ The strategy to fulfill that mission is to<br />

deliver exceptional software, with integrated services, knowledge<br />

and know-how, benefits, and support — so that architects and multidisciplinary<br />

design teams can maximize their design excellence.<br />

Graphisoft’s Roadmap to Continued Growth and Success<br />

Graphisoft’s roadmap consists of multiple lanes — for architecture,<br />

multi-disciplinary design, design team collaboration, and productive<br />

16 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com

ecosystems — each with plans for<br />

exciting new features, capabilities, and<br />

enhancements. Architecture remains focused<br />

on design, documentation, visualization, and<br />

collaboration. Upcoming focus areas and<br />

planned strategic milestones include:<br />

• Delivering capabilities that help<br />

architects stay focused on their<br />

design, through better management<br />

of information that increase efficiency<br />

across projects.<br />

• Providing innovative new capabilities<br />

that help manage and navigate an<br />

array of design options, through which<br />

architects can explore greater ‘what if’<br />

scenarios within the design process.<br />

• Navigating designs with even greater<br />

speed and performance and working on<br />

highly crafted details — regardless of the<br />

scope or complexity of the project.<br />

• Expanding Archicad’s already powerful<br />

information layer to further integrate<br />

analysis and simulation into the design<br />

process.<br />

Multi-disciplinary design starts with OPEN<br />

BIM and moves forward with Integrated<br />

Design, expanded this year with Graphisoft’s<br />

newly merged DDScad capabilities for<br />

Building Systems engineering. Upcoming<br />

focus areas and planned strategic milestones<br />

include:<br />

• Further integrate BIM data systems<br />

amongst disciplines.<br />

• Integrate data and workflows and<br />

broaden DDScad’s geographic reach.<br />

• Integrate user experiences across<br />

multi-disciplinary teams, with shared<br />

capabilities, aligned interfaces, and<br />

streamlined training and configuration.<br />

• Fully integrated MEP experience with<br />

DDScad, with updated interfaces and<br />

many shared capabilities.<br />

• Integrate enterprise-wide management<br />

of multi-disciplinary libraries, shared<br />

resources, templates, and standards.<br />

Design Team Collaboration is centered<br />

around BIMcloud and BIMx, reaching out<br />

with OPEN BIM and BCF, and connecting to<br />

Common Data Environments (CDEs). Archicad<br />

users already have unmatched collaboration<br />

amongst themselves, and OPEN BIM and<br />

easy information exchanges make working<br />

alongside virtually any application and with<br />

www.africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

any other team seamless. Upcoming focus<br />

areas and planned strategic milestones<br />

include:<br />

• Tighter integration across teams<br />

in multiple disciplines with new<br />

capabilities such as dynamic publishing<br />

of hyper-models, on-demand, cross-team,<br />

as a service — and extended connectivity<br />

with other CDEs.<br />

• Focus on dynamic management of teams<br />

and their information, and responsive<br />

integration with CDEs.<br />

• Support enterprise management of<br />

teams, multi-tiered and nested team<br />

structures, and orchestrating the<br />

administration processes across systems.<br />

Finally, Graphisoft’s services and benefits<br />

ensure and maximize the productivity of<br />

Graphisoft’s users’ ecosystems — with the<br />

Graphisoft Forward service and benefits<br />

program, access to know-how through<br />

Graphisoft Learn, and sharing knowledge and<br />

best practices with peer users and experts<br />

through Graphisoft Community. Upcoming<br />

focus areas and planned strategic milestones<br />

include:<br />

• Simplify the administration of the design<br />

ecosystem — including enhancements<br />

to licensing and entitlement systems,<br />

product upgrade workflows, and<br />

expanded integration with third-party<br />

enhancements that extend Graphisoft’s<br />

product capabilities.<br />

• Deliver an ‘instant’ upgrade experience<br />

for customers — including templates,<br />

resources, configuration, and data<br />

formats.<br />

• In alignment with the Design Team<br />

Collaboration roadmap, provide<br />

enterprise management of all aspects of<br />

the design ecosystem.<br />

Graphisoft also noted that its unique Adaptive<br />

Hybrid Framework technology architecture<br />

will enable faster and more nimble highquality<br />

delivery of new capabilities, features,<br />

products, and services spanning the desktop,<br />

cloud services, and mobile devices beginning<br />

with Archicad 26.<br />


“In short, our strategy is to apply continuous<br />

innovation through an Adaptive Hybrid<br />

Framework, to flexibly deliver great<br />

capabilities in stable, easy-to-use, futureproof<br />

solutions for all design disciplines in<br />

integrated teams,” said Zsolt Kerecsen, Vice<br />

President, Software Success at Graphisoft.<br />

Graphisoft — Key Milestones<br />

1982 — Graphisoft is founded in Budapest<br />

by Gabor Bojar and Istvan Gabor Tari with<br />

an entrepreneurial spirit, and a passion for<br />

delivering value through innovation.<br />

1984 — Graphisoft releases its first<br />

commercial software – and right from the<br />

beginning with coordinated 2D and 3D,<br />

Archicad has driven industry innovation ever<br />

since. With the “Virtual Building” approach<br />

pioneering the road to what would later be<br />

called “BIM.”<br />

1997 — Graphisoft introduces “Teamwork,”<br />

allowing multiple people to work on the same<br />

model simultaneously, and with “BIM Server”<br />

as its next-generation in 2009, and then<br />

“BIMcloud” in 2014 and most recently with<br />

“BIMcloud Software as a Service” in <strong>2022</strong>, this<br />

technology continues to provide an incredible<br />

high-performance scalable solution for<br />

integrating BIM teams.<br />

2009 — Graphisoft releases what would be<br />

called “Virtual Building Explorer” for Archicad<br />

13. Updated and renamed “BIMx” in 2011, this<br />

introduced Graphisoft’s unique hyper-model<br />

approach, providing a highly engaging and<br />

interactive experience with BIM. Awardwinning<br />

BIMx is now available on iOS and<br />

Android phones and tablets, the desktop, and<br />

even through a simple browser providing a<br />

Hyper-model experience for even the largest<br />

and most complex projects on virtually any<br />

device.<br />

2020 — Graphisoft introduces “Integrated<br />

Design” — and first demonstrated this<br />

game-changing, shared-model, real-time<br />

collaboration approach for architects and<br />

structural engineers working together.<br />

This new technology-based workflow even<br />

more tightly integrates the work across<br />

multiple design disciplines. Today there are<br />

16 different structural analysis software<br />

solutions using Integrated Design with<br />

Archicad around the world.<br />

<strong>2022</strong> — Graphisoft and Data Design System<br />

(now Graphisoft Building Systems) merge<br />

to add full Mechanical, Engineering, and<br />

Plumbing (MEP) capabilities to the Graphisoft<br />

ecosystem.<br />

<strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 17

MINING<br />

Delta Drone to carry out survey<br />

mapping and blast inspection<br />

services for Assmang’s<br />

Khumani mine<br />

Global drones-as-a-service provider,<br />

Delta Drone International Limited<br />

(ASX: DLT) is pleased to announce<br />

it has signed a contract with Assmang<br />

Proprietary Limited for drone surveying<br />

services.<br />

The contract renewal is for three years and<br />

has a Total Contract Value (TCV) of AU$880k<br />

(ZAR10.347m) and Annual Recurring Revenue<br />

(ARR) of AU$293k (ZAR3.449m).<br />

The contract is subject to standard<br />

termination clauses and an entitlement by<br />

Khumani to terminate the contract should<br />

our subsidiary or an associated entity not<br />

transform to a 51% B-BBEE owned entity<br />

within 21-months. Drone services will include<br />

survey mapping and blast inspections for<br />

Assmang’s Khumani Iron Ore Mine.<br />

DLT CEO Christopher Clark said: “We are very<br />

pleased to have renewed our services for a<br />

further 3-years with Khumani mine who are a<br />

leading player in the Iron Ore mining sector.<br />

This contract materially grows our recently<br />

reported ARR to an effective AU$1,993k ARR<br />

at end of <strong>July</strong>.”<br />

18 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com

MINING<br />

Anglogold Ashanti Obuasi Mine supports<br />

agric officers to fight climate change<br />

Anglogold Ashanti Ghana, Obuasi<br />

Mine has presented Agricultural<br />

Extension tools to Agric officers in<br />

five districts of the Ashanti Region. The tools<br />

which included flip charts, pruning tools,<br />

harvesting tools and tablets, were to support<br />

AGA’s Climate Resilient Oil Palm Project<br />

(CROPP) which is part of the 10-year Socio-<br />

Economic Development Plan of the mining<br />

company.<br />

The beneficiary districts were Obuasi<br />

Municipal, Obuasi East, Adansi North, Adansi<br />

South and the Adansi Asokwa districts.<br />

Launched in 2021, the Climate Resilient Oil<br />

Palm Project (CROPP) aims at mitigating the<br />

effects of climate change and adaptation<br />

through local economic development.<br />

The five-year programme, which is expected<br />

to be rolled out in five districts, has<br />

Solidaridad West <strong>Africa</strong> providing technical<br />

support. As part of the program, Extension<br />

Officers in the beneficiary districts have<br />

been trained in Best Oil Palm Management<br />

practices and the use of digital tools for<br />

monitoring and reporting purposes.<br />

Ghana, like most sub-Saharan <strong>Africa</strong>n<br />

countries, is predominantly agrarian, with<br />

crop production being the main driver of the<br />

agriculture sector.<br />

More than 80% of growers are smallholder<br />

farmers, and their practises are characterised<br />

by low technology use, high rain dependence<br />

and low adoption of irrigation. Less than 2%<br />

of arable lands in Ghana are under any form<br />

of irrigation.<br />

Thus, the over-dependence on quantity and<br />

pattern of rainfall for crop production in<br />

Ghana exposes the economy and livelihood<br />

of citizens to fluctuation in production.<br />

This has been exacerbated by the growing<br />

unpredictability of weather caused by climate<br />

change.<br />

Speaking at an orientation program held<br />

in Obuasi to brief stakeholders on the<br />

progress of the CROPP, Emmanuel Baidoo,<br />

Senior Manager Sustainability AGAG, said<br />

CROPP is a demonstration of commitment<br />

on the part of AGAG to support farmers to<br />

improve productivity on their oil palm farms,<br />

expand their production by reclaiming and<br />

developing degraded lands into agroforestry<br />

oil palm farms and implement additional<br />

livelihoods.<br />

He said, the key to the 10-year Socio-<br />

Economic Development Plan (SEDP) launched<br />

in <strong>July</strong> was Agricultural Development. He said<br />

it is a deliberate policy of AGA to diversify<br />

the economy of Obuasi by leveraging on<br />

agricultural development.<br />

To execute this, he stressed that the project<br />

will support existing oil palm farmers in the<br />

5 MMDAs to adopt climate-smart practises<br />

through capacity building and technical<br />

support, the project will also work with chiefs<br />

and local authorities to identify and convert<br />

degraded lands into oil palm agroforestry<br />

blocks.<br />

“The CROPP will facilitate the set-up of an<br />

oil palm nursery to supply climate resilient<br />

seedlings to farmers as well as strengthen<br />

oil palm farmer groups through the Village<br />

Savings and Loan Association (VSLAs) and<br />

will anchor support and technical assistance<br />

through the VSLA groups as well as link them<br />

to rural/ community banks”, he added.<br />

He also underscored the importance of<br />

monitoring the sustainability of the program.<br />

He said that Anglogold Ashanti, in the five (5)<br />

years duration of the program, will actively<br />

invest in the value chain with the aim of<br />

realising the objectives of the program.<br />

The Economic Development Superintendent<br />

of Anglogold Ashanti, Daniel Arthur-Bentum<br />

in his presentation mentioned the roles of the<br />

various stakeholders in the implementation<br />

of the CROPP.<br />

He said Anglogold Ashanti is responsible<br />

for mobilising technical and financial<br />

partnerships to support the program. They<br />

will also support MMDAs with resources<br />

for implementation of the program. He<br />

added that Solidaridad West <strong>Africa</strong> will<br />

provide technical training, mentoring and<br />

coaching to MMDA extension staff, provide<br />

a platform for monitoring and reporting on<br />

project outcomes, train and mentor youth<br />

farm service providers and provide technical<br />

support toward the establishment of oil palm<br />

agroforestry farms.<br />

On the part of the MMDAs, Mr. Arthur-Bentum<br />

stressed that they will identify and train<br />

farmers on BMPs, conduct follow-ups and<br />

provide extensive support to existing and<br />

new oil palm plantings and collect monthly<br />

data from selected farmers using SWA<br />

platform. He appealed to chiefs and leaders<br />

of the beneficiary communities to make<br />

available degraded sites for reclamation.<br />

Rosemary Addico, Oil Palm program Manager,<br />

Solidaridad West posited that a lot of<br />

farmers especially smallholder farmers have<br />

limited knowledge in the best management<br />

practises hence the CROPP will help build the<br />

knowledge and capacity of farmers in the best<br />

management practices to enable them adopt<br />

the right approaches to farming.<br />

Chiefs, MMDCEs from the beneficiary districts;<br />

Agric officers and farmers were all present at<br />

the orientation program.<br />

www.africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

<strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 19

GIS<br />

Schneider Electric Announces<br />

Launch of ArcFM Fiber Manager XI<br />

Schneider Electric, the global leader in the digital<br />

transformation of energy management and automation,<br />

has announced the launch of ArcFM Fiber Manager XI, the<br />

premier GIS-based network inventory management system for<br />

outside plant communications networks. Fiber Manager XI is built<br />

on ArcGIS Pro, powered by the ArcGIS Utility Network and extends<br />

ArcFM Editor XI to meet today’s challenges of scale, data quality,<br />

network analysis and visualization.<br />

Fiber Manager XI delivers fiber optic network information in a<br />

seamless data fabric, supporting mapping, planning, designing and<br />

managing of fiber optic networks and the underground structure<br />

networks that house them. The application’s focus is simplifying<br />

the creation, editing, validation and interpretation of complex<br />

fiber optic equipment hierarchies and connections.<br />

“The telecom industry is experiencing a major transformation, and<br />

GIS data is at the heart of this shift,” Jay Stinson, Vice President,<br />

Digital Grid, said. “Fiber Manager XI produces a significant<br />

evolution in GIS-based fiber optic network management, enabling<br />

users to reimagine how they manage and leverage GIS data across<br />

their organization.”<br />

Fiber Manager XI delivers advancements in three key areas to<br />

optimize ArcGIS for communications services providers.<br />

• Robust equipment visualization: enabling users to quickly<br />

interpret and understand increasingly complex network data with maps,<br />

equipment details and multi-platform visualizations.<br />

• Editing productivity: accelerating data authoring and editing with tools<br />

crafted for comprehensive creation and management of communications<br />

networks in the ArcGIS Pro environment.<br />

• Advanced network intelligence: allowing analysts and operators to gather<br />

key insights faster with network tracing, fiber availability analysis, optical<br />

loss calcuations and outage identification.<br />

“Fiber Manager XI expands the capabilities of the ArcFM Solution XI Series,<br />

which can simplify and optimize the work of communications services<br />

providers while bridging them to the Utility Network in unison with their<br />

schedule, budget and scope,” Stinson said. “Schneider Electric continues<br />

to innovate the tools within the Solution Series to support the fast-paced<br />

digital transformation of utilities.”<br />

ArcFM Fiber Manager XI is an essential component of Schneider Electric’s<br />

ArcFM Solution XI Series, which is an ecosystem of applications focused on<br />

streamlining the design and construction workflow, enabling utilities to get<br />

work done more efficiently. ArcFM Designer XI, ArcFM Editor XI, ArcFM Web<br />

XI and ArcFM Mobile XI fill out the rest of the ecosystem offering the most<br />

comprehensive utility GIS solution available today. The result – streamlined<br />

workflows, minimized use of paper and a reduced work backlog equipping<br />

utilities to address the challenges facing today’s digital utility.<br />

20 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com

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Geological Survey<br />

Understanding the earth's structure<br />

Geological maps are based on geological<br />

information and illustrate the geological<br />

features on a topographic map. The information<br />

on these maps is used to interpret the earth's<br />

crust. They are particularly valuable for locating<br />

mineral deposits, potential hazards, and energy<br />

resources<br />

22 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com


A<br />

Geological Survey is a systematic investigation of the Earth's geology. It is<br />

performed to create geological models and maps. This process is crucial in<br />

helping scientists better understand the earth's structure. It can also be helpful in<br />

disaster prevention and management. A Geological Survey is conducted to identify areas<br />

of concern and to create a map of the area.<br />

Geological maps are based on geological information and illustrate the geological<br />

features on a topographic map. The information on these maps is used to interpret<br />

the earth's crust. They are particularly valuable for locating mineral deposits, potential<br />

hazards, and energy resources. They are also a basic source of information for<br />

engineering applications.<br />

Geological surveys use several techniques to get the information needed for projects.<br />

These include conventional visual survey, studying landforms, drilling holes by hand<br />

or using a machine, and using remote sensing techniques such as satellite images and<br />

aerial photography. They also use geophysical equipment to detect earthquakes. For<br />

earthquakes, geophones are placed at strategic locations to help geologists identify<br />

earthquakes.<br />

Geological surveys are also used on the coastal geology such as the placement of<br />

dredged materials. Another major program is economic geology, which incorporates<br />

aspects of the other programs. This includes bedrock quarries, sand and gravel<br />

resources, and aquifer use. This type of survey also provides professional services, such<br />

as conveying geologic information to other agencies and the public. It also engages in<br />

public outreach, such as identifying fossil specimens and rocks.<br />

The USGS is an important source of basic earth science information. The agency provides<br />

information to the public and other government organizations, as well as undertakes<br />

mapping in foreign countries. Besides providing data for natural resources and disaster<br />

preparedness, the USGS also undertakes research and assists governments in disaster<br />

response and environmental management. The USGS is one of the most reliable sources<br />

of information on Earth's ecosystems.<br />

The Mineral Deposits Section also conducts research in the field of metallogeny, a<br />

branch of geology that seeks to identify the genetic relation between mineral deposits<br />

and geological history. This research helps to direct private exploration efforts toward<br />

areas with high mineral exploration potential. This research includes both detailed<br />

studies of individual deposits as well as regional metallogenic studies of the earth and<br />

describes its mineral resources.<br />

www.africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

<strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 23

DRONES<br />


Garuda Aerospace ventures into <strong>Africa</strong> with<br />

drones for farming<br />

Ocean Infinity Expands Robotic NOAA Unveils <strong>2022</strong> Hydrographic<br />

Survey Season Fleet with Aerospace Six has partnered Additional with Harare AUVs<br />

Plans<br />

Chennai-based drone startup Garuda<br />

Institute of Technology and Nyangani<br />

Virtual University to offer drones-as-a-service Kongsberg Maritime has<br />

NOAA hydrographic survey ships and contractors are preparing for the <strong>2022</strong><br />

to the agriculture industry in Zimbabwe. This announced that Ocean<br />

hydrographic survey season in U.S. coastal waters and beyond. The ships<br />

is Garuda’s second global venture and the Infinity has signed an order<br />

collect bathymetric data (i.e. map the seafloor) to support nautical charting,<br />

first in <strong>Africa</strong>. In June, Garuda announced that for six HUGIN Autonomous<br />

modelling and research, but also collect other environmental data to support<br />

it is setting up a drone factory in Malaysia Underwater in Vehicles (AUVs) a variety of ecosystem sciences.<br />

collaboration with HiiLSE Drones, a Malaysian rated to 3,000 metres depth.<br />

drone company.<br />

The vehicles are equipped with NOAA considers hydrographic survey requests from<br />

This latest order from Ocean Infinity takes a geophysical Jayapraksh, sensor suite founder and and chief stakeholders executive such of as marine of pilots, medicines local port using authorities, drones. The startup is<br />

their Garuda fleet of HUGIN said that AUVs its to partnership more than 20. with the the latest-generation Garuda Aerospace Kongsberg said in a the statement. U.S. Coast Guard and the already boating offering community, some and of these services in India.<br />

technical institutes will facilitate application batteries. of The new vehicles will also considers other hydrographic and NOAA science<br />

be mobilized drones for by global both government operations, enabled and private by Ocean sector Infinity’s Jayapraksh remote operations said that the objective priorities of in the determining new where For to instance, survey and last when. week It it is announced the<br />

infrastructure. the <strong>Africa</strong>n The vehicles country. will integrate as part of the Armada partnership fleet of uncrewed is to add value worth to the visiting agriculture completion of the plantation of 75,000 seeds<br />

and optionally-crewed vessels and will augment the company’s ecosystem existing AUVs, by providing rated them NOAA’s with ‘living’ drones that using drones in partnership with Rotary Club<br />

to 6,000 In agriculture, metres depth. Garuda’s drones will be used for leverage artificial intelligence story (AI) map and to find machine Bombay and Tamil Nadu Forest Department.<br />

carrying out large scaling mapping, inspection learning (ML) technologies. out more about the Garuda is also tied up with food delivery<br />

Dan Hook, and training CTO of Ocean to increase Infinity, the said: agricultural “Lessening output. the environmental impact of mapping projects platform Swiggy to deliver groceries.<br />

operations at sea is core to our business, and with an expanded The startup claims it has over and 30 whether types a of<br />

fleet of “We robotics are constantly we’ll have greater on the capacity lookout to for offer sustainable drones and offers 50 drone-based hydrographic services Founded in 2015, Garuda is backed by<br />

offshore partnerships data acquisition that services. enable us Using to deploy these AUVs drones as part of including precision agriculture vessel spray, will be damage in Mahendra Singh Dhoni. The startup raised $30<br />

our robotic for agricultural fleet, we’ll be applications supporting the that growing empower renewables inspection, warehouse management, your area this seed year. million in a Series-A round last month at a<br />

sector the with ecosystem remote data and and the inspection farmers,” services.” Agnishwar dropping, cleaning of solar panels and delivery valuation of $250 million.<br />



Coastline Mapping Above<br />

and Below the Waterline<br />

Harbour Mapping<br />

Learnmoreaboutourproductsand<br />

solutions for hydrographic surveying<br />

24 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com

TerraSond, a product and service line brand in Acteon’s geoservices segment,<br />

plans to invest in a new base in Massachusetts as part of its commitment to<br />

support the Vineyard Wind 1 project and wider U.S. offshore wind DRONES<br />

developments.<br />

Large drone network to cover <strong>Africa</strong>?<br />

The company, which already has facilities in Alaska and Texas, has been<br />

confirmed as a preferred supplier for the subsea balance of plant inspection<br />

and survey services for the Vineyard Wind 1 wind farm, a joint venture<br />

between Avangrid Renewables and Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners. The<br />

wind farm will be situated 15 miles south of Martha’s Vineyard and<br />

Nantucket, and 35 miles from mainland Massachusetts. It will be the first<br />

major commercial-scale offshore wind farm in U.S. waters. The new<br />

TerraSond facility is likely to be located in the Bristol County area of<br />

Massachusetts and will create local employment opportunities.<br />

The Geo Ocean VI offshore survey vessel.<br />

The acquisition of the offshore survey vessel Geo Ocean VI marks the next step<br />

in the expansion of the offshore survey capacities of GEOxyz, the Belgium-based<br />

geodata specialist.<br />

With a focus on delivering next-generation geodata acquisition solutions, the<br />

GEOxyz Group is strategically investing in its offshore survey fleet. With the<br />

acquisition of the hybrid propulsion vessel Geo Ocean VI, GEOxyz is further<br />

specializing<br />

Image: Wingcopter<br />

in providing greener, more sustainable and smarter solutions for<br />

hydrographic, geophysical and geotechnical surveys.<br />

by Eugenio Facci<br />

Equipped with a fully integrated launch and recovery system, the vessel is<br />

also German ready to act drone as mother manufacturer vessel for hydrographic Wingcopter survey and Ghana-based<br />

ASVs. This creates<br />

a flexible Continental all-round platform Drones that Ltd is have cost and announced operationally that efficient they will and set meets up<br />

today’s and <strong>Africa</strong>n tomorrow’s logistics offshore network survey requirements. over the next The five Geo years Ocean that VI will is a<br />

rely on the use of 12,000 drones. This would be the ‘world’s largest<br />

as well as geotechnical survey work. She will be permanently<br />

commercial drone deployment’ according to the two companies.<br />

green and versatile multidisciplinary offshore survey vessel, fitted for geophysical<br />

equipped with specifically selected survey equipment and<br />

ready to serve the offshore industry.<br />

The model to be involved in the project is the fully electric<br />

Wingcopter 198, which will be used both on new logistics routes<br />

TerraSond is already committed to the U.S. East Coast offshore wind industry<br />

through its site investigation surveys and operating and maintenance<br />

inspections. The Vineyard Wind 1 balance of plant work, which will add to the<br />

company’s solid experience and track record, covers turbine foundation<br />

remotely operated vehicle inspections and export and array cable seabed<br />

surveys, alongside a range of other subsea integrity and operational services<br />

from across the Acteon group.<br />

and to improve the reliability and speed of existing supply networks<br />

(including those involved in the distribution of medical supplies).<br />

In their press release the two companies said that this will allow many<br />

<strong>Africa</strong>n countries to leapfrog existing logistics standards and that the<br />

resulting supply chains will be “much faster, cheaper, more sustainable,<br />

and more efficient than the development of conventional ground-<br />

TerraSond’s new facility and the wider services offered by<br />

based infrastructure with all its unhealthy and climate-damaging<br />

Acteon are set to deliver a world-class offshore wind farm<br />

emissions”.<br />

for Massachusetts.<br />

The two companies did not give details on how the drones<br />

would integrate with current airspace traffic.<br />

E M P O W E R I N G<br />

Hydro INTERNATIONAL | ISSUE 2 <strong>2022</strong> | 9<br />

07-08-09_headlines.indd 9 04-05-<strong>2022</strong> 14:23<br />

www.africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

May-June <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 25

www.4dglobal.com.au<br />

www.4dglobal.com.au<br />

info@4dglobal.com.au<br />

info@4dglobal.com.au<br />

Tel. 03 9466 5255

28 - 29 SEPTEMBER <strong>2022</strong><br />





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HEXAGON has perfectly implemented a<br />

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users to intuitively and smoothly navigate for<br />

the precise capture 3D objects with their<br />

real-world XYZ coordinates. In addition to the<br />

28 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com


management components, the<br />

ImageStation® Photogrammetric Manager<br />

(ISPM) and Image Formatter (ISIF), the<br />

applications with integrated 3D cursor<br />

function include the ImageStation®<br />

Automatic Triangulation (ISAT),<br />

ImageStation® Satellite Triangulation (ISST),<br />

ImageStation Feature Collection (ISFC),<br />

ImageStation® Stereo Display (ISSD),<br />

ImageStation® Stereo for GeoMedia (ISSG),<br />

ImageStation® Stereo Viewer GeoMedia<br />

(ISSV), ImageStation® DTM Collection (ISDC),<br />

ImageStation® DTM for GeoMedia (ISDG) and<br />

ImageStation® Automatic Elevations (ISAE).<br />

The calculation programs ImageStation®<br />

Automatic Elevations DSM (ISAD) and<br />

ImageStation OrthoPro (ISOP) run in batch<br />

mode. Interactive again is the computerassisted<br />

editing and quality control with<br />

ImageStation® DTMQue (ISDQ) and<br />

ImageStation® PixelQue (ISPQ).<br />

Process geospatial data quickly and<br />

precisely<br />

The photogrammetric ImageStation®<br />

software suite is used worldwide and<br />

especially at state surveying offices and by<br />

users from industries such as aviation,<br />

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ImageStation®, geospatial data can be<br />

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For example, the ImageStation<br />

Stereo Display (ISSD) application supports<br />

viewing and editing of stereo images with<br />

photogrammetrically accurate 3D-cursor<br />

tracking. ISSD accepts aerial or satellite data,<br />

images from drone (UAS) projects, as well as<br />

from the Leica ADS 3-line cameras. The<br />

ImageStation® Suite enables the automatic<br />

and dynamic adjustment of image brightness<br />

and contrast in the MicroStation and<br />

GeoMedia environment. The exclusive<br />

ImageStation® ImagePipe technology is<br />

responsible for smooth stereo roaming,<br />

providing the perfect image representation<br />

that is essential for efficient stereo<br />

compilation.<br />

Stereoscopic geospatial data acquisition and<br />

processing<br />

HEXAGON ImageStation® Stereo for<br />

GeoMedia (ISSG) is based on the GeoMedia<br />

geospatial information system (GIS) and<br />

provides the user with a comprehensive<br />

selection of intelligent compilation tools.<br />

This powerful software environment allows<br />

access to practically any geodatabase and<br />

version of geospatial datasets. With this<br />

software application, airborne, satellite and<br />

UAS data are displayed in an intelligent GIS<br />

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Same as the ImageStation® Stereo Display<br />

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viewing and editing of stereo images with<br />

www.africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

photogrammetrically accurate 3D-cursor<br />

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functionalities, offered by the ImageStation®<br />

suite. The software applications display<br />

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so well-structured that they are easy<br />

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'snap cursor', which snaps automatically to<br />

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correct object selection is possible. Together<br />

with the "Elevation" command, contour lines<br />

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individual depth perception of each operator,<br />

vertical indexing is used to adjust and<br />

thereby calibrate manual height<br />

measurements.<br />

Full performance by 3D-stereo visualization<br />

Computationally intensive reconstruction<br />

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display of geometric and georeferenced<br />

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3D PluraView monitors from Schneider<br />

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As tried and tested technology for the past<br />

17 years, the cutting-edge 3D-stereo displays<br />

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perfectly compatible with the ImageStation®<br />

modules. The full compatibility of the<br />

ImageStation® software with the 3D<br />

PluraView monitor family has now been<br />

officially certified by the manufacturer<br />

Schneider Digital. The seal of certification<br />

ensures that the combination of the 3D<br />

PluraView hardware with the respective<br />

software application meets the high<br />

requirements of international standards in<br />

terms of quality and workplace ergonomics.<br />

For an optimal photogrammetric workflow,<br />

the ImageStation® offers a fully integrated<br />

software solution together with the<br />

associated hardware components by<br />

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PluraView monitor, these are powerful<br />

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and of course the Stealth 3D controllers. In<br />

conjunction with the native implementation<br />

of the stereoscopic mouse cursor in the<br />

Hexagon ImageStation® suite, the Stealth 3D<br />

controllers enable the spatial navigation to<br />

3D objects, which can then precisely<br />

measured and captured.<br />

ImageStation stereo functions and display<br />

tools - advantages for the 3D PluraView<br />

user:<br />

•High contrast and brightness of the 3D<br />

PluraView monitors, combined with flickerfree<br />

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comfortable use and therefore higher<br />

productivity.<br />

•Smooth stereo roaming and dynamic zoom<br />

thanks to the ImageStation's exclusive<br />

ImagePipe technology for continuous stereo<br />

display of very large datasets.<br />

•Easy navigation in stereo models with<br />

mouse, keyboard, the Stealth 3D mouse or by<br />

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position of objects with the 'Cursor-on-<br />

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•Display rotation for additional validation of<br />

vector data.<br />

•Synchronized display of stereoscopic and<br />

monoscopic map views for controlled feature<br />

collection and review.<br />

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displayed under the position of the stereo<br />

cursor in the 3D environment, also allowing<br />

accurate updating of 2D data.<br />

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stereo- and mono-data collection directly in a<br />

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•Reduces the cost of creating accurate and<br />

topologically correct 3D datasets, saving<br />

significant time and resources.<br />

<strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 29


Underwater expedition aims to unravel<br />

mysteries of the Maldives<br />

image courtesy<br />

By Karla Cripps,<br />

Think "Maldives" and the first images<br />

that come to mind for many are rows<br />

of overwater luxury villas jutting<br />

out from long wooden docks, or gorgeous<br />

beaches edged by stunningly white sands.<br />

But in spite of the Maldives being one of the<br />

world's most coveted places for a vacation,<br />

not to mention a dream destination for scuba<br />

divers, scientists say there's a lot they've yet<br />

to learn about its underwater ecosystems.<br />

Now, the Maldivian government and UK<br />

marine research institute Nekton have<br />

teamed up to unravel some of those<br />

mysteries by launching an ambitious<br />

expedition into the country's unexplored<br />

waters.<br />

The Nekton Maldives Mission, which launches<br />

on September 4 and includes teams of<br />

scientists from the Maldives and abroad,<br />

plans to carry out extensive research below<br />

30 meters using two high-tech submersibles<br />

-- one of which can go as deep as 1,000<br />

meters.<br />

The aim is to help the Maldives manage the<br />

impact of the global climate crisis.<br />

"The Maldives is 99% ocean and just 1% land,<br />

sitting on average 1.5 meters above the sea.<br />

As a result, the nation faces a growing threat<br />

from the rising seas," says a statement from<br />

Nekton.<br />

"But, armed with more knowledge of what<br />

their waters contain, work can begin to<br />

protect what lives there and safeguard the<br />

environment those species inhabit, which<br />

in turn makes the country better able to<br />

withstand climate change."<br />

The institute says 10 Maldivian marine<br />

scientists have been selected as the first<br />

"Maldivian Aquanauts" to lead over 30 first<br />

descents in submersibles to explore the<br />

country's deeps. The very first descent will be<br />

led by an all-women team of aquanauts.<br />

"We are determining the location, health<br />

and resilience of our coral reefs, especially<br />

the deeper ecosystems which we know very<br />

little about, so that key habitats may be<br />

identified for protection and management,"<br />

said Maldivian team leader Shafiya Naeem,<br />

director general of the Maldives Marine<br />

Research Institute, in a statement.<br />

"The reefs that surround our atolls help<br />

reduce the impacts from sea level rise and<br />

the increasing frequency and intensity of<br />

storms, and forms the basis of our economies,<br />

livelihoods and sustenance."<br />

A 35-day mission<br />

The RV Odyssey, an expedition ship, will carry<br />

scientists from the Maldives, UK, India, and<br />

South <strong>Africa</strong> on the 35-day mission through<br />

the country's vast waters.<br />

30 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com

The ship has two submersibles, each of which<br />

can carry a pilot and two scientists. These will<br />

be used alongside robotic and autonomous<br />

systems and over a dozen research<br />

technologies to collect data.<br />

The observed. second Based submersible, on this data, the a contact Omega list was<br />

Seamaster created and 2, once is the again same the AUVs brand were used on a<br />

Nekton deployed mission for mapping. to the After Seychelles the trip, detailed in 2019,<br />

where processing marine and interpretation explorers "found of the data dozens of new<br />

species<br />

revealed<br />

and<br />

that<br />

mapped<br />

the Pelzerhaken<br />

the waters<br />

area alone<br />

off the coast<br />

contains at least 1691 individual munitions<br />

which were previously uncharted below 30<br />

objects and 127 piles of munitions. The<br />

meters."<br />

The Aurelia will operate at depths of up to<br />

was to throw the munitions overboard, which<br />

1,000 meters, while the Omega Seamaster 2<br />

led to individual objects sometimes forming<br />

will<br />

lines<br />

be<br />

or<br />

used<br />

other patterns,<br />

to explore<br />

which<br />

the<br />

now<br />

first<br />

allow<br />

500<br />

the<br />

meters<br />

below the surface.<br />

As munitions for what and will open take them place once on a dedicated the 35-day site<br />

mission, had been marine reached. biologists, This resulted data in chaotic scientists piles and<br />

film of both producers larger objects will and collect boxes species containing samples,<br />

carry out extensive mapping operations<br />

and video the state of the corals around the<br />

Maldives.<br />

Oxford University, which is taking part in the<br />

mission, says scientists will also investigate<br />

The newer of the two submersibles is the REV how ocean life adapted to historic rising sea<br />

400kHz RESON T50 multibeam and did not wreck search in an unMapped<br />

Ocean-owned Aurelia, which went through levels caused by ice melt from the last Ice<br />

only reveal individual munitions items, but also area<br />

extensive sea trials off the coast of Barcelona Age and explore the "largely unknown and<br />

numerous, at first glance, piles of unidentifiable To make best use of the time, multibeam<br />

this<br />

objects.<br />

summer<br />

Owing<br />

and<br />

to high<br />

is now<br />

beam<br />

certified<br />

density (600<br />

as the<br />

mapping<br />

unprotected<br />

was always<br />

deep<br />

conducted<br />

corals<br />

at night<br />

and<br />

time.<br />

reefs of the<br />

world's beams/120° most swath) advanced and small craft footprints of her kind, says Once Rariphotic the areas in Lübeck Zone, which Bay had act been as fully a refuge to<br />

Nekton in the statement.<br />

animals from shallower waters."<br />

(0.5x1°), even sedimentary features, such as<br />

scours around possible targets could be<br />

different distribution patterns originate from two<br />

very different methods of dumping. One way<br />

course of a dumping vessel to be retraced. The<br />

other method of dumping was to fill barges with<br />

smaller items. Figure 5 shows both types of<br />

patterns in the Pelzerhaken area.<br />

mapped, the researchers spontaneously decided<br />

to visit yet another site that is located 6nm to the<br />

east. Historic research indicates that the area<br />

called Großklützhöved was used to scuttle entire<br />

barges that were loaded with munitions. The<br />

prospect of investigating a munitions-filled wreck<br />

was exciting to everyone on board and when the<br />

first wreck was visible in the data, the entire<br />

group quickly gathered around the multibeam<br />

station. During the course of the night, two<br />

additional wrecks (one of which appeared to be<br />

a sailing boat) were found. The next day, the two<br />

sunken barges were explored using towed<br />

TV-CTD with real-time video stream. One of<br />

them capsized and lost its hazardous cargo<br />

during sinking. In the darkness of the Baltic Sea,<br />

a pile of grenade cartridges came into view of the<br />

TV-CTD LED spots. The photo and video footage<br />

combined with high resolution MBES led to a<br />

more qualified estimate of the amount of<br />

dumped munitions. For the planning of future<br />

They will also "investigate the relative<br />

abundance of the 40 shark and 18 ray species<br />

at the apex of the food chain in the Maldives<br />

ocean, which act as a critical indicator of<br />

ocean health," it said in a statement.<br />

Among the planned mapping operations is a<br />

survey of a subsea mountain in the Northern<br />

Indian Ocean.<br />

According to Nekton, all samples and data<br />

collected will remain the property of the<br />

Maldives -- "a departure from some Westernled<br />

science expeditions of the past."<br />

Supporting sustainable tourism development<br />


So what does all of this have to do with<br />

tourism in the Maldives?<br />

The country is made up of 26 atolls filled<br />

with over 1,000 islands occupied by dozens<br />

of resorts, all spread out over 90,000 square<br />

kilometers. According to the World Bank, the<br />

Maldives received over 1.3 million tourists<br />

in 2021 -- about 80% of 2019 levels. Tourism<br />

makes up around 28% of its GDP.<br />

UXO remediation, it was essential to gain precise<br />

knowledge about the number, location and types<br />

of munitions.<br />

During MineMoni-II, there was not enough time to<br />

map the entire area of Großklützhöved, so the<br />

researchers decided that they would come back in<br />

2021 to finish the job. When ALKOR returned to<br />

Kiel harbour, the team were able to look back at<br />

two very successful weeks. More than 26km² had<br />

been mapped to acquire high-resolution<br />

multibeam data. Water samples were taken at 77<br />

locations, which means that over 200 syringes<br />

with exchanger resin are stored in the freezer,<br />

waiting to be analysed with liquid chromatographymass<br />

spectrometry. The AUVs ANTON and LUISE<br />

went on 36 missions to acquire tens of thousands<br />

of photographs and finally, 32 TV-CTD profiles<br />

were filmed. It will take the researchers a year to<br />

evaluate this massive amount of data. By then,<br />

they will be ready to embark on MineMoni-III,<br />

which is planned for October 2021.<br />

Documenting the state of the country's waters<br />

can support sustainable tourism development,<br />

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tourism and fisheries. Apart from the<br />

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and intense."<br />

Protecting the animal species that live there<br />

is also vital, as it "results in a healthier ocean,<br />

supporting sustainable fisheries and a growth<br />

in tourism," says the mission briefing, which<br />

notes that manta ray tourism alone generates<br />

an estimated US$15 million annually in<br />

revenue.<br />

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<strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 31<br />

Hydro INTERNATIONAL | ISSUE 3 2021 | 17


Gold Project Survey in Ghana<br />

Guskin Gold Corp. begins Ground<br />

Geophysical Surveys on the Kukuom Gold<br />

Project in Ghana<br />

Guskin Gold Corp (OTCQB: GKIN) ('Guskin<br />

Gold' or the 'Company'), is pleased to<br />

announce the initiation of the <strong>2022</strong><br />

ground geophysical work program on the<br />

Company's Kukuom Gold Project in the Sefwi-<br />

Bibiani Gold Belt, Ghana, <strong>Africa</strong>.<br />

The Company contracted Terranet Limited to<br />

carry out an Induced Polarization (IP) and a<br />

Ground Magnetic Surveys over the Kukuom's<br />

'Open Pit' prospect<br />

Both ground surveys follow up on the highly<br />

favourable airborne geophysical target at the<br />

'Open Pit' area that the Company previously<br />

announced on March 7, <strong>2022</strong> when the<br />

Company completed an interpretation of the<br />

airborne geophysics survey coincident with<br />

high-grade grab and chip samples.<br />

The report identified six (6) high-priority<br />

target anomalies; the most promising<br />

covering the 'Open Pit' is a 2,000meter long<br />

magnetic anomaly directly overlain and<br />

correlating to the previously announced highgrade<br />

rock samples, which tested up to 46.6<br />

g/t gold in the area known as the 'Open Pit'.<br />

Terranet Limited is based in Accra, Ghana<br />

and will be conducting the survey over the<br />

32 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com


Kukuom 'Open Pit' prospect. The field crew,<br />

will be starting the survey mid-<strong>August</strong> which<br />

covers an estimated area of 1.6 sq. kms,<br />

with approx. 16.8-line kms of IP, employing<br />

the pole-dipole array with a dipole spacing<br />

of 25-meter using 8 dipoles. The Ground<br />

Magnetics survey will cover approx. 40-<br />

line kms. The survey is scheduled to take<br />

approximately 6 weeks to complete, followed<br />

by analysis and interpretation of the resulting<br />

data.<br />

For the past years Terranet has been involved<br />

with acquiring, processing, interpreting, and<br />

evaluating a wide range of airborne and<br />

ground geophysical data throughout Ghana<br />

and West <strong>Africa</strong>, using this information<br />

for exploration purposes as well as in the<br />

preparation of large- and small-scale maps,<br />

from data capture (digitizing), structuring,<br />

through to integration of processing and<br />

interpretation.<br />

The IP/resistivity and magnetic surveys<br />

will be carried out across the area of<br />

the 'Open Pit', extending East and West<br />

of the favourable contact zones of the<br />

metasedimentary and metavolcanic units that<br />

hosts gold-quartz vein systems. The intent<br />

of extensions beyond the contact zone is to<br />

allow for deep penetration of the substrata,<br />

up to 400 metre subsurface, and identify any<br />

buried mineralization beneath the current 17-<br />

hole, 150-metre proposed drill depth planned<br />

for later this season.<br />

Mr. Francis Lovebridge Agezo, Guskin Gold's<br />

Director of Exploration, states 'The proposed<br />

exploration program is designed to give us<br />

a better understanding of the subsurface<br />

gold mineralization. The purpose of the<br />

geophysics is to fingerprint and characterize<br />

zones of gold-bearing veins of suitable size<br />

to allow for their possible mining. We believe<br />

numerous zones may be identified and that<br />

could provide sufficient material for mining<br />

operations to begin, and hopefully continue<br />

for many years to come.'<br />

'A successful outcome will allow us geologic<br />

confidence to define high-priority targets<br />

for the upcoming drill program and our<br />

work towards producing a mineral resource<br />

recognized by international reporting<br />

standards such as the Canadian NI 43-101 or<br />

Australian JORC (2012).' Mrs. Naana Asante,<br />

Guskin Gold's CEO, Director and Chairwoman,<br />

affirms. 'We look forward to continuing to<br />

release timely updates to our JV partners,<br />

suppliers, government, and shareholders,<br />

keeping everyone informed as we develop,<br />

improve, and expand operations in Ghana.'<br />

The Kukuom Gold Project Significance<br />

Located in Asunafo South District, Ahafo<br />

Region, and is a Joint Venture Partnership<br />

with Danampco Company whereby Guskin<br />

Gold has an exclusive seventy (70%) percent<br />

interest.<br />

The license area is 156 square kilometers<br />

and the Kukuom Gold Project is highly<br />

prospective, spatially related to major<br />

mines including Newmont's Ahafo Gold<br />

Mine (23Moz) located approximately 30km<br />

north of the Kukuom property, and Asante<br />

Gold's Chirano Gold Mine (5Moz) located<br />

approximately 45km south-southeast of<br />

Kukuom and their Bibiani Gold Mine (7Moz)<br />

located approximately 25km southeast.<br />

Francis Lovebridge Agezo, Guskin Gold's<br />

Director of Exploration is credited as a<br />

contributor to the discovery and development<br />

of the Chirano Mine deposits. Notably on<br />

April 25th, <strong>2022</strong>, Kinross Gold Corp. (KGC)<br />

announced the sale of the Chirano Gold Mine<br />

for $225 Million to Canadian Asante Gold<br />

(ASE); Asante having previously acquired<br />

the Bibiani Gold Mine for $90 Million from<br />

Australian Resolute Mining (RSG) in <strong>August</strong><br />

2021.<br />

www.africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

<strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 33

DRONES<br />

Drones<br />

Turkey's Bayraktar TB2 drone<br />

Why <strong>Africa</strong>n<br />

states are<br />

buying them<br />

By Paul Melly<br />

<strong>Africa</strong>n states are increasingly<br />

acquiring Turkish drones to fight<br />

armed groups after they proved to be<br />

effective in various conflicts around the world.<br />

As Ukraine stepped up its initial fightback<br />

against Russia's invasion, and long before<br />

Western heavy artillery and rocket launchers<br />

started to arrive, there was one weapon that<br />

the Kyiv government could already deploy -<br />

the Bayraktar TB2 drone.<br />

This Turkish-made weapon had already<br />

proved its effectiveness in helping Azerbaijan<br />

defeat Armenian armoured forces and snatch<br />

back extensive territory in the Nagorno-<br />

Karabakh war of 2020.<br />

But admirers of the drone's capabilities<br />

are not confined to eastern Europe and the<br />

Caucasus.<br />

Recent weeks have seen a consignment of<br />

Bayraktar TB2s delivered to the West <strong>Africa</strong>n<br />

state of Togo, which is struggling to curb the<br />

infiltration of jihadist fighters moving south<br />

from Burkina Faso.<br />

While in May, Niger acquired half a dozen of<br />

these versatile and affordable drones for its<br />

military operations against insurgent groups<br />

in the Sahel region south of the Sahara<br />

Desert, and around Lake Chad.<br />

Other <strong>Africa</strong>n customers have included<br />

Ethiopia, Morocco and Tunisia, while Angola<br />

has also expressed interest.<br />

But the first to use these potent surveillance<br />

and strike weapons on the continent may well<br />

have been the UN-recognised government<br />

in Libya - where they were spotted as early<br />

as 2019 and may have helped Tripoli's forces<br />

hold off eastern rebels.<br />

For <strong>Africa</strong>n buyers, especially poorer countries,<br />

drones provide the chance to develop<br />

significant air power without the vast cost in<br />

equipment and years of elite training required<br />

to develop a conventional air strike force of<br />

manned jets.<br />

This is a particular attraction for states such<br />

as Niger and Togo.<br />

They face the complex challenge of curbing<br />

highly motivated and mobile bands of<br />

Islamist militants, camping out in the bush<br />

and moving quickly through the scrubby<br />

terrain of the Sahel by motorbike to stage<br />

ambushes and surprise attacks on isolated<br />

army and gendarmerie posts, border crossings<br />

and civilian communities.<br />

Security along the Togo-Burkina Faso border<br />

is increasingly under threat from militant<br />

Islamists Niger's army has been grappling<br />

with this problem for years, fighting militants<br />

in the tri-border region, where the country<br />

meets Burkina Faso and Mali, just a few hours'<br />

drive from the capital, Niamey.<br />

Government troops are also engaged in an<br />

arduous campaign to protect the far southeast<br />

from attacks by Boko Haram and Islamic<br />

State West <strong>Africa</strong> Province (Iswap).<br />

But for Togo, the direct reality of the jihadist<br />

threat is a relatively new and hugely worrying<br />

experience.<br />

For most of the past decade the activities<br />

of the militant groups were confined to the<br />

central Sahel - Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger<br />

- and mainly in areas relatively distant from<br />

their borders with coastal countries such as<br />

Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo and Benin.<br />

But more recently the picture has begun to<br />

change, as the armed groups extended their<br />

reach across much of Burkina Faso, and into<br />

rural areas along the border with these four<br />

states.<br />

By late 2019 security forces were detecting<br />

signs of militant infiltration into northern<br />

Togo.<br />

Initially the fighters were just hiding out for<br />

rest and recuperation, but the government<br />

in Lomé, like its counterparts across coastal<br />

West <strong>Africa</strong>, was already concerned that the<br />

threat could grow.<br />

Neighbouring Ivory Coast had suffered a<br />

jihadist attack on the resort of Grand Bassam<br />

in 2016, which left 19 dead, and then attacks<br />

and clashes with security forces in the northeast<br />

in 2020.<br />

And a local wildlife guide died when militants<br />

kidnapped two French tourists in the Pendjari<br />

national park in Benin. Two French troops<br />

were later killed in a firefight when the<br />

34 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com


tourists were rescued across the border in<br />

Burkina Faso.<br />

The first direct raid on Togo itself, at<br />

Sanloanga, came last November. Then before<br />

dawn on 11 May, dozens of militants attacked<br />

an army outpost at Kpék-pakandi, near<br />

Burkina Faso, leaving eight soldiers dead and<br />

13 wounded.<br />

The troops fought back, killing some<br />

assailants. The next month the government<br />

decreed a state of emergency in Savanes,<br />

Togo's northern-most region.<br />

But that has not been enough to deter the<br />

jihadists now operating in the frontier zone<br />

and thought to be affiliated to Jama'a Nusrat<br />

ul-Islam wa al-Muslimin, the main alliance<br />

of Mali-based Islamist armed groups. Two<br />

soldiers were killed in another incident in <strong>July</strong>.<br />

President Faure Gnassingbé has toured the<br />

area in an effort to bolster morale. But some<br />

badly shaken locals have been abandoning<br />

their villages - a phenomenon already seen in<br />

other parts of the Sahel afflicted by militant<br />

violence.<br />

The regime used to monopolising power<br />

for decades has even felt the need to invite<br />

opposition parties for talks about developing<br />

a united national strategy to cope with the<br />

militant threat.<br />

But ultimately, direct military force will have<br />

to play a role. And that is where the Turkish<br />

drones come in, providing Togo - like Niger<br />

- with its own national aerial surveillance<br />

capacity to try to spot bands of militant<br />

fighters and, potentially, strike against them.<br />

The use of drones is not new to the Sahel.<br />

Both France and the US have drone bases<br />

in Niger, operating in support of the<br />

government's security strategy.<br />

For larger powers such as Ethiopia - where<br />

the federal government has been battling the<br />

Tigray People's Liberation Front - drones are<br />

a valuable tool for expanding overall military<br />

capacity.<br />

But there are risks, just as with manned<br />

aircraft. By January, aid workers were<br />

reporting that drones had killed more than<br />

300 civilians in Ethiopia's Tigray conflict.<br />

And the Togolese military have admitted<br />

killing seven young civilians in error, after<br />

an aircraft - whether manned or unmanned<br />

is unclear - thought they were a group of<br />

militants and launched a strike on 9-10 <strong>July</strong>.<br />

The risks of such tragic mistakes are<br />

heightened at moments of panic about the<br />

apparent infiltration of jihadists.<br />

For both Togo and Niger the supply<br />

partnership with Turkey is also politically<br />

useful, reducing their public reliance on close<br />

security partnerships with France, the former<br />

colonial power, about which a significant<br />

strand of domestic opinion remains uneasy.<br />

From Ankara's point of view there are also<br />

attractions: "drone diplomacy" and military<br />

partnership have become a significant<br />

tool in President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's<br />

foreign policy outreach south of the Sahara,<br />

complementing more long-standing strengths<br />

such as the building of airports and other key<br />

infrastructure.<br />

And within the Turkish politico-business elite<br />

there is a personal connection too.<br />

Baykar, the manufacturer of the Bayraktar<br />

TB2 drone, is headed by two brothers - chief<br />

executive Haluk Bayraktar and his brother<br />

Selçuk, chief technology officer, who happens<br />

to be married to President Erdogan's daughter<br />

Sümeyye.<br />

www.africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

<strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 35

OIL & GAS<br />

Study uncovers four<br />

potential electrification<br />

paths for oil & gas assets<br />

By Melisa Cavcic<br />

A<br />

study, undertaken by the Net Zero<br />

Technology Centre, the Cygnus<br />

JV – comprising Neptune Energy<br />

and Spirit Energy – and Sealand Projects Ltd<br />

to assess potential routes for electrification<br />

of oil and gas platforms, has found four<br />

options to make this happen. However, the<br />

commercial viability of electrification presents<br />

a challenge.<br />

The Net Zero Technology Centre, together<br />

with the Cygnus JV and Sealand Projects<br />

announced the findings of their Southern<br />

North Sea – Oil & Gas Asset Electrification<br />

Study on Thursday, explaining that this<br />

explored the potential to electrify an offshore<br />

platform with power from offshore wind,<br />

using the Neptune-operated Cygnus complex<br />

in the UK Southern North Sea as a case study.<br />

The Cygnus field started its first gas<br />

production in 2016 and it has a field life of<br />

over 20 years. The field hosts two platforms<br />

– Cygnus Alpha and Cygnus Bravo – and<br />

the first one consists of three bridge-linked<br />

platforms while the second one is an<br />

unmanned satellite platform. The Cygnus<br />

partners are Neptune Energy (operator, 38.75<br />

per cent) and Spirit Energy (61.25 per cent).<br />

Mungo McLeish, Director of Global<br />

Operations and Electrification at Neptune<br />

Energy, remarked: “We continue to explore<br />

opportunities to reduce emissions as part of<br />

our commitment to store more carbon than<br />

is emitted by our operations and the use of<br />

our sold products by 2030. Collaboration<br />

across oil and gas and renewables sectors<br />

can improve our understanding of the<br />

opportunities and challenges associated with<br />

the electrification of assets in the Southern<br />

North Sea.”<br />

According to these industry players, the Southern North Sea is home to numerous planned<br />

and existing offshore wind farms, increasing the potential sources of power for platform<br />

electrification. Therefore, there will be 6.8GW of wind power within 50 km of Cygnus by 2030,<br />

increasing to 14.1GW within 100 km of the asset, making it a suitable case study for the<br />

investigation of electrification using offshore wind.<br />

Kenneth Cunningham, Senior project Engineer, Sealand Projects Limited, stated: “In seeking<br />

to achieve industry decarbonisation targets, electrification of platforms has a key part to play.<br />

Tying into a wind farm is an innovative opportunity which raises challenges, however, the<br />

level of engagement across regulatory bodies and industry was hugely encouraging, and we<br />

remain thankful for the support and advice. It is through this collaboration that electrification<br />

opportunities, and ultimately the route to net-zero, can be delivered.”<br />

36 <strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> www.africasurveyorsonline.com

OIL & GAS<br />

As the North Sea Transition Deal (NSTD)<br />

set a target to reduce offshore production<br />

emissions by 50 per cent by 2030, the<br />

majority of these emissions are a result of<br />

power generation offshore from open cycle<br />

gas turbines (OCGT), thus, providing this<br />

power from offshore wind has the potential<br />

to deliver a large portion of the emissions<br />

savings targeted under the NSTD. Although,<br />

“a significant challenge” in the commercial<br />

viability of electrification remains based on<br />

high CAPEX costs and direct impact on the<br />

levelised cost of energy (LCOE).<br />

Malcolm Offord, UK Government Minister<br />

for Scotland, said: “The electrification of<br />

offshore platforms will help to reduce<br />

emissions and facilitate the transition of<br />

the North Sea to a net-zero economy. With<br />

its wealth of expertise and experience,<br />

North East Scotland is leading the world<br />

in decarbonising the energy industry while<br />

bringing in new jobs and investment. The UK<br />

government is investing £90 million in the<br />

Net Zero Technology Centre to support this<br />

and levelling up communities across Scotland<br />

with more than £2 billion.”<br />

Furthermore, four electrification options were identified during this study and an evaluation of<br />

each was undertaken using the technical rather than the economic life of the asset. The four<br />

examined options that offer a potential pathway to electrification include local offtake with a<br />

power purchase agreement; local offtake with an offshore transmission owner; reallocation of<br />

turbines; and dedicated offshore wind farms serving a platform.<br />

Graeme Rogerson, Senior Project Manager, Net Zero Technology Centre, commented: “The size<br />

of the prize is significant if we can establish a viable way to leverage the existing infrastructure<br />

to supply power to offshore oil and gas assets. We have a number of barriers to overcome<br />

including regulatory challenges and establishing a way to make one of the four proposed<br />

options economically viable. However, the engagement levels from stakeholders have been<br />

hugely promising and there is definite appetite to maximise the opportunity for electrification<br />

of oil and gas assets.”<br />

www.africasurveyorsonline.com<br />

When it comes to the recent developments<br />

related to the oil and gas production facilities<br />

powered by wind, it is worth noting that an<br />

oil and gas operator and a green energy and<br />

infrastructure developer inked a new deal<br />

last month, enabling the creation of one<br />

of the UK’s first wind-powered oil and gas<br />

production facilities.<br />

As explained at the time, the provision<br />

of wind power will remove up to 20,000<br />

metric tonnes of CO2 emissions every year<br />

from the offshore production facility and<br />

demonstrate the use of floating offshore wind<br />

in decarbonising oil and gas production.<br />

<strong>July</strong>-<strong>August</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2022</strong> 37

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