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Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong><br />

MANOSH UNVTRIESY STUNDT MUGAZENIM - CACLYON<br />

ISSUE EIGHT - <strong>2015</strong>


A frequent to the Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong> office, Thomas Green<br />

came up with the idea for this one which was much<br />

appreciated; we’d run out of ideas and couldn’t<br />

really be fucked coming up with something clever<br />

like what we had done in February for edition one.<br />

After polishing off the ‘green demons’ in the<br />

office, Bill, Claire and Carina set out to the Robert<br />

Blackwood Hall with the mortarboard and a plastic<br />

bag full of empty mint tinnies to take what would be,<br />

the photographic masterpiece of <strong>2015</strong>. We received<br />

many unusual glances from staff walking past as<br />

we gracefully positioned the green jewels around the<br />

hat as to ensure that it didn’t look ‘too formulaic’ or<br />

‘laboured.’ We experimented with various different<br />

positions around the hall, but it wasn’t until we were<br />

beginning to walk back to the office that we came<br />

across the ledge. This would be a perfect spot to<br />

take the photo; the pattern of bricks, lighting and<br />

position of the ‘Robert Blackwood Hall’ sign would<br />

be ideal for the shot.<br />

In many ways, the image is quite inaccurate and<br />

misleading because Monash rarely holds graduation<br />

ceremonies at the end of the semester, preferring<br />

to do them sometime in the middle of the year for<br />

students who had finished their courses a decade<br />

prior. However, for those of us who are engaged in<br />

very long degrees, or arts degrees that have taken....<br />

unconventional... routes, why wait until the end<br />

of your degree to feel as if you’ve truly completed<br />

something. It’s the end of the semester, we’ve all<br />

finished (with fulfilled/unfulfilled credit points),<br />

so go grab yourself a lime goddess from the fridge.<br />

Cheers to us.


Editors<br />

Bill Molloy<br />

Claire Rowe<br />

Jarrod Verity<br />

Design<br />

Danielle Natividad<br />

Timothy Newport<br />

Carina Florea<br />

Politics<br />

Bree Guthrie<br />

Hareesh Makam<br />

Kirsti Weisz<br />

Tom Clelland<br />

Student Affairs<br />

Julia Pillai<br />

Kristin Robertson<br />

Rosie Boyle<br />

Science & Engineering<br />

Alisoun Townsend<br />

Kathy Zhang<br />

Arts & Culture<br />

Emily Neilsen<br />

Kelly Pigram<br />

Lisa Healy<br />

Photography<br />

Carina Florea<br />

© Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong> <strong>2015</strong>, Monash University Clayton, Victoria<br />

As you read this paper you are on Aboriginal land.<br />

We at Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong> recognise the Wurundjeri and Boon<br />

Wurrung peoples of the Kulin Nations as the historical<br />

and rightful owners and custodians of the lands and<br />

waters on which this newspaper is produced. The land<br />

was stolen and sovereignty was never ceded.<br />

Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong> condemns and will not publish any material<br />

that is racist, sexist, queerphobic, ableist, or discriminatory<br />

in any nature. The views expressed herein are<br />

those of the attributed writers and do not necessarily<br />

reflect the views of the editors or the MSA. All writing<br />

and artwork remains the property of the producers and<br />

must not be reproduced without their written consent.<br />

Contents<br />

3<br />

Editorial<br />

4<br />

OB Reports<br />

6<br />

Election<br />

Results<br />

Politics<br />

10<br />

Politics’ revolving door<br />

11<br />

Why sport is inherently<br />

political<br />

12<br />

Paris Negotiations<br />

13<br />

Syria<br />

14<br />

Anti-protest laws<br />

Student Affairs<br />

18<br />

Sir John<br />

19<br />

On feedback<br />

20<br />

Prato<br />

22<br />

Norway campaign<br />

23<br />

Course restructuring<br />

24<br />

Cards against Monash<br />

Science & Engineering<br />

28<br />

Reflections on science<br />

31<br />

Science of obsesity<br />

32<br />

Pluto<br />

34<br />

Puzzles<br />

35<br />

What’s up doc?<br />

36<br />

Internships<br />

Arts & Culture<br />

38<br />

HoMie<br />

40<br />

Mario turns 30<br />

41<br />

Learning languages<br />

42<br />

How pills turned my ex crazy<br />

44<br />

Monash@Malthouse<br />

46<br />

Gig guide<br />

47<br />

Art Showcase


EDITORIAL 3<br />

Editorial<br />

This year, we fell in love for the first time.<br />

We’d heard about it in films, of course. And when<br />

our aunts and uncles got married, but we had never<br />

experienced it for ourselves.<br />

We met her on the corner of Degraves st and<br />

Flinders lane. In a cafe filled with books next to a<br />

library. Admittedly, it was the middle of summer,<br />

although it was a rather overcast day and was<br />

probably below 25 degrees. Which was why we were<br />

so surprising that she was so scantily clad, nothing<br />

more than a bedsheet covering her figure. A cigarette<br />

lazily dangled from her lips. We thought it was a tad<br />

well naughty but she looked hot so we all ran with it.<br />

We’re very opened minded you see.<br />

At the time, the four of us were discussing<br />

plans for the year ahead as Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong> editors over<br />

coffee when she pulled up a chair, took a seat, and<br />

introduced herself to all of us. She asked us what we<br />

were doing. When we explained to her that we were<br />

discussing plans for the year as incoming student<br />

media editors she laughed and, between a drag of<br />

her cigarette, muttered ‘fucking losers’ and took it<br />

healthy gulp of coffee out of Jarrod’s skinny soy decaf<br />

latte with honey.<br />

It was love at first sight. Her rebellious spirit. Her<br />

‘I don’t give a shit’ attitude. Refusing to flinch in the<br />

face of ugly confrontation. In fact, she revelled in<br />

confrontation. She could outdrink us all at the pub.<br />

Even Claire. Especially Bill. Much like the shiraz she<br />

preferred, she had aged well.<br />

She was a woman of experience, 51 years of<br />

experience to be precise. Born out of chaos,<br />

surrounding herself in the company of those who<br />

thought they knew better. Nobody was qualified to<br />

handle her. What hope did we have?<br />

When it came time to introduce her to our friends<br />

at uni we thought they would love her just as much<br />

as we did. How naive. What poor taste they thought<br />

we had. She was nothing but a troublemaker.<br />

Problematic.<br />

She refused to go away, and we stood by her. Well, to<br />

be honest, we were too scared not too; she was a very<br />

intimidating lady. But is was worth it, throughout the<br />

year she taught us all a thing or two. For example, she<br />

taught us that one must always drink a cheap bottle of<br />

champagne on a Friday and that the deadline you give<br />

your writers is never the deadline you give yourself.<br />

We were also taught to avoid controversial meetings,<br />

unless the controversy concerned you.<br />

Eventually everyone got used to her, or at least<br />

learned to put up with her. She became embedded<br />

within all of our lives and a fundamental element of<br />

the work we were doing. However we knew that this<br />

relationship was not sustainable. She was known for<br />

her restlessness and many partners over the years. It<br />

was in the initial weeks of spring that she told us that<br />

she was leaving us. For another group of people.<br />

The breakup was long and painful. It peaked in week<br />

nine of the semester; a screaming match in the middle<br />

of the campus centre over who would win her heart.<br />

Ultimately she left us for a younger, and admittedly<br />

rather attractive group of students. All of a sudden,<br />

the champagne ceased, the printers stopped and we<br />

became very, very lonely.<br />

It is only until now that we are truly at peace with the<br />

breakup. Carina, Tim, Josh and Lisa all turned out to be<br />

four lovely individuals who were ready to deal with the<br />

woman that was Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong>.<br />

And so our year-long love affair ends. It’s been fun<br />

but in the words of Nelly Furtado; ‘all good things have<br />

to come to an end.’<br />

We wish Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong> all the best for the future,<br />

whatever trouble she is sure to cause.<br />

Best<br />

Bill, Claire, and Jarrod.


4 OB REPORTS<br />

OB Reports<br />

President<br />

Sinead Colee<br />

Bad ass bitches get things done<br />

Secretary<br />

Daniel King<br />

Well this is the last time you’ll be hearing from me, as<br />

my time in the MSA comes to an end I’m looking forward<br />

to handing over to next years Office-bearers and hearing<br />

about some of their exciting plans for the future.<br />

Until then I am keeping myself busy with a number of<br />

different things, in particular I am in the process of<br />

reviewing some of the MSA’s governing documents, all<br />

suggestions and input are welcome, just get in touch<br />

with me at dan.king@monash.edu and there is also some<br />

further information on the MSA website.<br />

On top of all of this there is still much more to come from<br />

the MSA this year, so keep your eyes peeled for all the<br />

opportunities to avoid studying, particularly our food van<br />

which you might spot around the campus towards the end<br />

of the semester!<br />

Treasurer<br />

Abby Stapleton<br />

Over the past few weeks I have organised a finance sub<br />

committee in which we further discussed the possibility of<br />

implementing an ethical banking policy, a lot of the meeting<br />

was centered around the definition of ‘ethical’ and what this<br />

would entail. Over the next few weeks I hope to meet with<br />

or receive submissions from the other MSA departments<br />

as to what they would like to see done in regards to ethical<br />

banking.<br />

Education (Academic Affairs)<br />

Amelia Veronese<br />

Hey everyone,<br />

I can’t believe that I’m writing my final report for Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong> -<br />

is it that close to the end of the year already?!<br />

I hope with exams approaching and the last of your<br />

assignments submitted you’re not too stressed. Remember<br />

to come along to the events in MSA Stress Less Week which<br />

is next week if you’re feeling stressed and want to have some<br />

fun! Myself, the MSA Executive and the MSA Disabilities and<br />

Carers department have been planning a lot of events such<br />

as the petting zoo, puppies and we will also be having a<br />

mindfulness meditation workshop. Stay tuned as there will<br />

be more information to come and a lot more events to follow!<br />

With the end of the semester approaching, I’ve been<br />

spending a lot of time planning the MSA Teaching Awards<br />

Event. Congratulations again to all the teaching staff who<br />

have been the recipients of the awards, and thank you for<br />

nominating them! It should be a fantastic night held on the<br />

18th of November.<br />

Remember if you have any questions with any assessments<br />

and issues with your exams you can contact msastudentrights@monash.edu<br />

Good luck!<br />

Education (Public Affairs)<br />

Sarah Spivak & Mali Rea<br />

The Education Public Affairs department is rejoicing<br />

after briefly defeating deregulation. The Turnbull<br />

Government has backed away from $100,000 degrees<br />

until the next election largely because of active and loud<br />

student protests in which the MSA took part. Mali and<br />

Sarah, the best OB duo, are very pleased with the year<br />

they’ve had and look forward to the final shelving of<br />

deregulation sometime in the near future. Since the last<br />

NDA, EdPub have been busily promoting the restructure<br />

forum, with the anticipation of bad news for students and<br />

staff resulting from the Monash University undergraduate<br />

restructure. We’ve also enjoyed running countless stalls<br />

for NDAs and Bluestocking/ Education week events<br />

throughout the year. Good luck to next year’s EdPub<br />

officers, we hope to help with more stalls for Counter<br />

Faculty Handbook surveys in the next few weeks.


OB REPORTS<br />

5<br />

Women’s Officers<br />

Ellen Flach & Sophie Vassallo<br />

Report not submitted.<br />

Environment & Social Justice Officers<br />

Lauren Goldsmith & Rhyss Wyllie<br />

Report not submitted.<br />

Queer Officers<br />

Viv Stewart & Jarvis Sparks<br />

The Queer Department has had a busy semester 2 so far!<br />

After Queer Week and Queer Ball in week 7, we’ve settled down<br />

back to a regular events (with a few extras). Thanks to everyone<br />

who attended our queer BDSM workshop in week 9 - we had<br />

great feedback so look forward to bringing the presenter back<br />

next year. Don’t forget to pop by our regular events - Queer<br />

Morning Tea on Tuesdays 11am-1pm, Queer Beers on Wednesdays<br />

4-6pm, and keep an eye on the facebook group for a few more<br />

discussion groups before semester ends. Keep an eye on the<br />

Facebook page for our end of year survey so you can let us<br />

know what you thought of the Queer Department this year and<br />

what we can do for next year! Don’t forget to email msa-queer@<br />

monash.edu to be added to our secret Facebook group and it’s<br />

never too late in semester to drop by the Queer Lounge and<br />

introduce yourself.<br />

Welfare Officers<br />

Rebecca Adams & Jesse Cameron<br />

Report not submitted.<br />

Disabilities and Carers Officer<br />

Andrew Day & Adrienne Bicknell<br />

Sunrise, sunset.... cats in the cradle and the silver spoon.... yes, we<br />

have no, bananas....<br />

Tis the final reportback from D&C <strong>2015</strong>. We’re still in an ongoing<br />

process to create a lecture/lecture notes catch up mechanism<br />

as part of our Equal Access campaign which is likely to carry<br />

over into 2016. We’ve heard some very positive news from Safer<br />

Communities head Vladimir Prpich on the registration of carers<br />

with the Disability Services from the beginning of next year<br />

although we do wish we could have confirmed that by this stage.<br />

Activities Officers<br />

Tahnee Burgess & Jake Krelle<br />

Report not submitted.<br />

We’ll still be running morning teas to till the end of the year – so<br />

why don’t you come down and meet your new office bearers for<br />

the year 2016 Adrienne Bicknell and Vivian Stewart!<br />

CATCHYA!


6<br />

6<br />

NOTICE OF RESULTS<br />

ANNUAL ELECTIONS<br />

Monday 21 September to Thursday 24 September <strong>2015</strong><br />

NOTIC


7


8


9 9<br />

POLITICS<br />

Politics<br />

ILLUSTRATION BY TIMOTHY NEWPORT<br />

ARTICLES BY<br />

Hareesh Makam<br />

Joe McAllister<br />

Anna Zhang<br />

Luke James<br />

Kirsti Weisz


10<br />

POLITICS<br />

BY HAREESH MAKAM<br />

The revolving door that needs<br />

to halt<br />

Five Prime ministers in five years is telling of the political<br />

instability in Australia. Especially when you compare this<br />

figure to the four Prime Ministers we had in the previous<br />

32 years. Australia is not a country experiencing economic<br />

turmoil or a distrustful electorate, and is not being ravaged<br />

by war or conflict. Rather we are a nation with a foundation of<br />

strong democratic values, a trillion dollar economy and a 21st<br />

century social system. So why are we experiencing so much<br />

political turmoil?<br />

"Our political culture is currently<br />

so negative that almost every<br />

time a party proposes a reform<br />

idea or policy platform there is<br />

one group that automatically<br />

says NO."<br />

I think it is necessary to discuss the problems that we face<br />

with Australian politics but what is critically important is<br />

how these issues will be resolved in coming years. Because<br />

it is Australian political leadership that will ultimately guide<br />

our nation’s future economic prosperity.<br />

Our political culture is currently so negative that almost<br />

every time a party proposes a reform idea or policy platform<br />

there is one group that automatically says NO. Fearmongering<br />

has been the flavor of the decade when it comes to federal<br />

politics. Whether it is the carbon tax, China-Australia Free<br />

trade deal or boat turnbacks, our gut reaction and the<br />

overwhelming political attitude has been to denounce them.<br />

Even if some of these policies are so blatantly required for our<br />

country’s prosperity there is always at least one group rioting<br />

and protesting on the streets or in the houses of parliament<br />

with an agenda of defeating policy change and reform.<br />

Although, we often dwell on the negatives of politics, it’s<br />

fundamentally crucial for us to ask the questions - what is<br />

the future and how positive can we make that future when it<br />

comes to leadership?<br />

Politicians need to stop blaming the media for their<br />

problems. Yes there is a 24 media cycle, the media may be<br />

more inclined to the left than the right and yes the media has<br />

become more febrile. But who cares? In a democratic society<br />

that values the freedom of press, the fourth estate can adopt<br />

any culture they want without government backlash. Why<br />

attack something that you can’t influence? Even more to<br />

the point – in New Zealand and the UK we see two reforming<br />

conservative governments that have been in power for long<br />

periods of time. The media is arguably worse in these nations<br />

then in ours.<br />

So if there is a problem, it is certainly not universal. It’s<br />

more about how politicians use the media in this country<br />

that is an issue.<br />

Politicians need to use the media and in particular, the<br />

24-hour media cycle as an advantage. If you can effectively<br />

communicate policy without alienating sections of the<br />

community through gaffes or ideology and if you can do it<br />

without looking arrogant then you will be able to swing voters<br />

onside. It’s all about how you look, present and respond to<br />

problems, which determines your political prowess.<br />

Former Prime Minister, Tony Abbott stated that his loss of<br />

the top job came about through ‘death by opinion poll’. There<br />

is a bit of truth in that statement. MPs care about polling too<br />

much these days. They have been sucked into believing that<br />

popularity through polls is the determiner of whether a party<br />

wins the next election. Unfortunately this issue of polling has<br />

become the common feature of the last 5 prime ministerial<br />

changes.<br />

Polls don’t matter. In the year 2000, John Howard was<br />

consistently down 55-45 in the polls, and that was less than 12<br />

months from the general election. Howard went on to become<br />

one of the most successful Prime Ministers in Australian<br />

political history. Furthermore, in 1992, Paul Keating was labeled<br />

‘Mr 21%’ by the media but that didn’t stop him from winning<br />

the unwinnable election in 1993. At the end of the day, if you are<br />

reforming and if you explain that reform then Australians will<br />

vote for you. The modern politician needs to learn that.<br />

Our nation is experiencing one of the most important<br />

economic transitions we have ever faced. We need leadership,<br />

imagination and a whole lot of policy reform to our tax<br />

system and budgetary spending to enable the economy to<br />

grow steadily through this transitional period. For that our<br />

politicians need to find a common ground on policy to enable a<br />

political culture that will ensure safe passage of those changes<br />

through the parliament and implementation into Australian<br />

society.<br />

As for the new Prime Minister, he’ll want to ensure that he<br />

isn’t the sixth Australian leader in six years. If he can shore up<br />

support from conservatives in his party room then he will win<br />

the next election and be PM for at least four years. But that’s<br />

the short term. For change to occur in the long term then the<br />

political culture and system need to both be reformed or else<br />

the revolving door of Prime Ministers may well continue.


POLITICS 11<br />

Why sport is inherently political<br />

BY JOE MCALLISTER<br />

I’m going to try my hand at some sports writing. I’ll admit,<br />

it’s not something you’d commonly expect flipping through<br />

the pages of this magazine but I think it often lacks the<br />

emphasis that it should be attributed commonly within the<br />

university associated forums for ideas and discussion.<br />

But let’s look more broadly. We live in a city where the<br />

broadcast of AFL news, drama, controversy and debate is<br />

ascribed the most coverage of any topic associated with<br />

these types of discussion, often trumping many huge<br />

society issues, policy and reforms; I honestly cannot think of<br />

anything that can compete with these topics.<br />

Moveover, amongst issues such as climate change, the GST<br />

and asylum seekers, there’s an ongoing discussion about<br />

why Carlton are so often broadcasted on free to air channels<br />

when they get flogged. Every. Single. Week. It’s also important<br />

to note that Richmond Football Club enjoyed a gain of nearly<br />

4,700 members this year bringing their total membership<br />

above 70,000. And that is but one club of one sport. The Labor<br />

and Liberal party, in contrast, can only ever dream of such<br />

membership numbers.<br />

So now that we have discerned just how prevalent sport<br />

seems to be to general Australian culture, we need to begin<br />

to ask questions of its relation to poltical issues. What<br />

happens when something acutely political resonates with<br />

these institutions, like sport, that is often perceived as being<br />

divorced from such ideas and the audience that considers<br />

them? I would argue that the response on the part of these<br />

individuals is reflective of the profuse love they have invested<br />

in these structures.<br />

If we could continue with the nature of the AFL and its huge<br />

supporter base, we could look to the most obvious example<br />

of this idea in the now ageing yet renowned controversy of<br />

Adam Goodes and his perception within the community<br />

and how that community engages with him on and off<br />

the footy field. Now having recently announced a quiet<br />

retirement, the treatment of a man many would consider<br />

to be one of the games greats, gives us a great insight into<br />

the way broader political ideas permeate so heavily on the<br />

field. The aggressive nationalism displayed by some within<br />

discussions of this issue is reflective of the forum of which<br />

Goodes is associated.<br />

Sport, and the energy and passion many associate with<br />

it, is counter-intuitive to the advanced, rational and equal<br />

society some suppose us to live in. It instead, has a really<br />

strong ability to facilitate ideas of tribalism and this way of<br />

thinking is put on clear display in some of the conversations<br />

around Goodes’s ethnicity and character.<br />

This idea is further promoted in even the most senior<br />

political positions; positions that have a real influence on<br />

how this country sees itself and is run. We needn’t look<br />

further then the notorious ‘Team Australia’.<br />

So when the intense tribalistic love of one’s team or sport<br />

translates to a similar love of Australia, one immediately<br />

assumes the position of believing that this country is one<br />

hundred percent perfect and that any critique engaged in or<br />

by individuals of this great nation warrants at best, highbrow<br />

and at worse, malicious response.<br />

Alan Jones can suppose that there are 71 indigenous<br />

players (in Australian sport) and people don’t boo them.<br />

They’re booing Adam Goodes because they don’t like him<br />

and they don’t like his behaviour." Goodes emphasises his<br />

experiences as an Aboriginal Man and also of his ancestors<br />

and of those within his community; naturally, for those<br />

who cannot bear to see their country’s history and politics<br />

depicted in this way view such commentary as problematic<br />

in an intrinsic way. This is especially the case regarding an<br />

issue, such as the one Goodes constantly highlights, that<br />

this country is institutionally responsible for.<br />

This case study helps us to understand how sport, rather<br />

then being isolated from a political sphere, is informed by<br />

and changes according to broader views of nationalism<br />

and diversity. The issue is however, a dynamic one as it<br />

also attracts a response from much of the community that<br />

has been heart warming and undeniably powerful, more so<br />

when we consider the politically passive demographic it is<br />

perceived to emanate from.<br />

Sport is, as with any other structure of entertainment<br />

that receives wide and fervent public acclaim, a political<br />

institution that can be manipulated. It is the way in which<br />

this occurs that best changes the way in which groups<br />

strongly associate with it think and act; for better or for<br />

worse.<br />

Image courtesy of<br />

https://www.flickr.com/photos/mikecogh/


12<br />

POLITICS<br />

BY ANNA ZHANG<br />

History in the making<br />

During my studies, I have learnt that history most<br />

certainly judges the decisions that we make today;<br />

for every decision has far-reaching consequences,<br />

which are beyond our scope of understanding. Some<br />

decisions attract much harsher critique than others,<br />

for it is those decisions that change the course of<br />

history. These are the decisions that our grandchildren<br />

will ask us about; they will ask us where we were, and<br />

whether we did everything within our power to make<br />

the world a better place. When this time comes, how<br />

will you respond? What will be your answers?<br />

For me, I would like to hope that I would be able to<br />

say that I devoted all that I could to altering the course<br />

of history for the better, regardless of the outcome of<br />

that decision.<br />

And for this reason, I am heading to the United<br />

Nations Climate Negotiations in Paris this November<br />

(COP21). It will be at COP21 that the course of history<br />

will be established, for COP21 will produce a legally<br />

binding and universal agreement to limit temperature<br />

rises to 2º.<br />

Regardless of these good intentions, it is without a<br />

doubt that there will be attempts to stall negotiations<br />

by parties who have much to gain from climate<br />

change inaction. Of course, those who have everything<br />

to lose will push for climate change action. We will see<br />

the anguish and urgency in the eyes of leaders from<br />

vanishing islands. With fervent courage, they speak<br />

for our common future.<br />

I am sure that my days in Paris will be filled with<br />

sleepless nights, tears and frustration. But I am<br />

determined to play my part in shaping the course of<br />

history. More importantly, I believe that COP21 will<br />

teach me about the complexities of human nature, as<br />

played out on the international political stage.<br />

History is in the making, and there are opportunities<br />

for you to be part of this momentous occasion. Choose<br />

to be on the side of history that will make our world a<br />

better place. Think of what you would say if the next<br />

generation asked you about your role? Did you stand<br />

by and let those with a lack of foresight decide what<br />

would happen to our common future? Or will you<br />

respond that you too were part of history in the making.<br />

There are several ways that you can get involved with<br />

the climate change movement. Festival21 is a Melbourne<br />

initiative that links food, music, comedy and ethical<br />

philanthropy. A concerned group of pro bono young changemakers<br />

will be convening this event on the final day of<br />

COP21. It will take place on December 11th at the Melbourne<br />

Convention and Exhibition Centre. To learn more about how<br />

food can contribute to climate change action, visit festival21.<br />

com.au<br />

logo image courtesy of<br />

www.flikr.com/photos/planeta/16451794648


POLTICS 13<br />

Syria<br />

BY LUKE JAMES<br />

I don’t think there’s a more attention grabbing title than<br />

‘Syria’ in the world at this point in time. For the last few<br />

months there hasn’t been a news report that has finished<br />

without at least mentioning this biblical Middle Eastern state<br />

at least once. But what exactly is going on down there? Well,<br />

let’s summarize it in a nutshell.<br />

It all started when the people of Syria declared that their<br />

"democratically elected" president Bashar al-Assad, was<br />

a tyrant - the likes of which Saddam Hussein would be<br />

proud, and it was commonplace for him to order his troops<br />

to open fire on peaceful protesters, and then the following<br />

day, shoot mourners at their funerals. So, it’s fair to say<br />

that their claims did in fact have some credence. Long story<br />

short, several rebel groups took up arms, united in their<br />

cause to force President Assad to step down. As the violence<br />

worsened and the country grew even more unstable, Islamic<br />

State (IS), an extremist group you just may have heard of in<br />

neighbouring Iraq, took advantage of the chaos to gain both<br />

land and power within Syria. IS, being a radical Islamist group<br />

that even Al Qaeda has distanced themselves from, have<br />

shaken the country to the point where both the rebel groups<br />

AND the very same government these rebels were fighting<br />

have had to team up and work against them. Then there was<br />

that business with the chemical weapons being used, with all<br />

sides claiming the others used them, and once again, to cut a<br />

long story short. Things got really, really messy.<br />

So where is the rest of the world in all of this conflict you<br />

ask? Who will be Syria’s knight in shining armour as it’s<br />

people call out for peace, justice, and their right to basic<br />

freedoms we all take for granted? Well, unless you count<br />

Russia forcing the Syrian government to destroy every single<br />

chemical weapon in their possession, or the U.S conducting<br />

several air-strikes intended to ‘degrade and ultimately<br />

defeat’ this beast we have all come to know as ISIS, neither<br />

knight nor armour is anywhere in sight.<br />

Whilst the world is happy, as we have seen, to take in<br />

refugees, to welcome people fleeing this violence with their<br />

families, the question remains to be asked – who shall enter<br />

the fray? Who is going to take on that responsibility we all<br />

feel burning within our safe, sheltered territories, to actually<br />

do something about the people who live lives that aren’t<br />

so safe, with little or no shelter? That is the question that<br />

remains to be answered as the world, and Australia – that’s<br />

right, we aren’t exempt from our responsibility to our fellow<br />

people, separated by open sea as we may like to believe –<br />

watches on.<br />

What isn’t surprising is that once again, as we have done<br />

for generations, Australia has followed in the footsteps of<br />

another. Tony Abbott announced that the RAAF, like the US,<br />

Canadian and Arab air forces have done, will be extending its<br />

operations to IS targets in Syria. During his speech, the then<br />

Prime Minister Tony Abbott referred to the decision to resettle<br />

refugees as one from the "heart", whilst the decision to join<br />

the fight by conducting air strikes as one from the "head". But<br />

who’s head? Like an obedient, innocent toddler imitating his<br />

older brother, we followed suit in a far less grandiose manner<br />

when America and the rest of the world moved in with air<br />

strikes. As a country, our moral responsibility to the rest of<br />

the world cannot be pegged to the same level as any other<br />

given country, our proud nation, which has grown from a mere<br />

group of colonies into one who’s unique identity has become<br />

world renowned, has, at the very least, earned the right to have<br />

a moral integrity all of its own, one that is governed by none<br />

other than the people that constitute the nation itself.<br />

When it comes to economics, waiting and watching,<br />

conniving and scheming in order to benefit and better our<br />

own economy in relation to the rest of the world is the best<br />

– nay, only way to go. When it comes to making a military<br />

decision that will impact the lives of our fellow man, this<br />

is where integrity sets in. We are a nation that commands<br />

significant power over the world’s economy, as one that<br />

can boast the world’s most liveable city and most beautiful<br />

beaches, one who’s shores have never been touched by war<br />

save one scary brush by the Japanese in World War two. It<br />

is for this that we have an obligation to make a conscious,<br />

independent decision, based on our own set of moral beliefs,<br />

as to our involvement, or lack thereof, in a conflict that<br />

unjustly harms and destroys the innocent lives of our fellow<br />

man, woman, and child. Whether that decision is to commit<br />

strongly to a war, or to step out altogether, as long as that<br />

decision is ours, and ours alone, we will have done our duty<br />

to the world. With this in mind, I pose to you the question<br />

– do we reach out, dive into the conflict that only seems to<br />

be worsening as time goes by, and attempt to bring order,<br />

and peace to a people who have been ravaged by a war not<br />

of their own creation. Or, do we step back, continue to do our<br />

humanitarian duty of taking on refugees, whilst watching and<br />

waiting for this conflict to resolve itself, as it will, inevitably,<br />

as all conflicts do. The decision is ours, and, by extension,<br />

yours.


14<br />

POLITICS<br />

BY KIRSTI WEISZ<br />

Harassment, double standards and<br />

free speech<br />

Acts of harassment strain the controversial abortion debate<br />

but the new buffer zone legislation, for which left-wing<br />

advocates have shown support, could serve to either threaten<br />

freedom of speech or balance it with the right to privacy.<br />

Last year, I was at an intimate dinner party and the topic<br />

of abortion came up. Like most controversial discussions,<br />

tension lingered as opinions were stated and rebuttals<br />

presented. But silence eventually resided when the debate<br />

became personal.<br />

The views of two women at the table clashed. One, having<br />

been adopted, believed life was sacred and should always be<br />

respected. The other, having had an abortion, believed the<br />

decision to terminate a pregnancy is never made with a light<br />

heart and should be respected.<br />

The conversation may have been tense, with both women<br />

leaving in tears, but they were entitled to discuss their<br />

perspectives freely. They were respectful, compassionate and<br />

reasonable. No one’s attitude to the issue changed and yet<br />

they came to an understanding.<br />

To me, this highlights the essence of free speech; it breeds<br />

consideration and encourages democracy. But this can be,<br />

and often is, abused.<br />

Prior to 2008, abortion had been unlawful for 150 years.<br />

Ever since it was legalised in Victoria, it has sparked<br />

public debate. The legal context of the debate generally<br />

considers the circumstance of the abortion and not whether<br />

terminating a pregnancy should be performed. Moral,<br />

religious and ethical factors are always contemplated.<br />

According to a major national survey (Australian Survey of<br />

Social Attitudes (AuSSA)), 79% of Australians in 2005 agreed<br />

or strongly agreed to a woman’s right to have an abortion.<br />

As with all controversial topics, however, there are plenty<br />

of opposition groups. Far right extremists, especially in the<br />

US, have gone as far as labelling abortion as a holocaust<br />

and murder. Abortion clinics have even been called a<br />

slaughterhouse.<br />

So, this brings me to the Fertility Control Clinic in East<br />

Melbourne, Victoria’s largest freestanding, private abortion<br />

clinic. Six days a week, members of the pro-life group Helpers<br />

of God’s Precious Infants picket the clinic. They intimidate,<br />

stalk, verbally abuse and sometimes even photograph<br />

women trying to reach the entrance. They threaten and<br />

name-call staff members. They display offensive posters and<br />

try to hand-out misinformation about reproductive health.<br />

They cause psychological and physical harm to women who<br />

are already vulnerable. This has been occurring for over two<br />

decades.<br />

The protests also have a violent edge to them. In 2001, a<br />

security guard employed by the clinic was shot dead by antiabortion<br />

activist Peter James Knight. Only a day later, the<br />

protesters continued to harass women, their families, friends<br />

and the staff members.<br />

Considering abortion is lawful and the women have a right<br />

to dignity and should be entitled to privacy, surely legal<br />

options are available to the clinic. Lawyers have considered<br />

stalking charges, but with so many anti-choice splinter<br />

groups, another group could rise up where an intervention<br />

order is granted. Private nuisance may only prevent the<br />

shouting and yelling and making out claims of intimidation<br />

and conspiracy to injure are too difficult.<br />

With few options available, the clinic launched a public<br />

nuisance action against Melbourne City Council last year,<br />

claiming it had failed to prevent women from being harassed<br />

and intimidated as they entered the clinic. In August this<br />

year, the Supreme Court held that there was no evidence<br />

the council failed in its duty under the Health and Wellbeing<br />

Act where the definition of nuisance includes activities<br />

dangerous to health. Without delving too far into the legal<br />

reasoning, the court’s decision basically found that the<br />

council could draw its own conclusions as to whether the<br />

conduct of the protesters fell within the act’s definition of<br />

nuisance.<br />

Seeing as the court case was unsuccessful, the next step<br />

being looked at is a safe access zone, which restricts the<br />

protesters actions and speech. Such action has been taken in<br />

the US, Canada and more recently Tasmania.<br />

Victoria’s Labour government recently confirmed support<br />

for a bill seeking to establish a 150m buffer zone around<br />

abortion clinics. The bill was introduced by Sex Party MP<br />

Fiona Patten who said "enough is enough". She wants to<br />

ensure women going to the clinic and its employees are no<br />

longer harassed, intimidated or challenged by "offensive<br />

posters".<br />

"This highly targeted piece of legislation will ensure that<br />

rights to access medical treatment, or access ones work in<br />

a safe environment, is critical... this is the right thing to do,"<br />

Patten said in a media statement.


POLITICS<br />

15<br />

"...with so many anti-choice splinter groups, another<br />

group could rise up where an intervention<br />

order is granted. Private nuisance may only prevent<br />

the shouting and yelling and making out<br />

claims of intimidation and conspiracy to injure<br />

are too difficult."<br />

BY KIRSTI WEISZ<br />

Issues concerning freedom of speech could prevent the bill<br />

being passed as it has the power to establish a precedent<br />

for inhibiting public debate and hindering protests. Similar<br />

legislation passed in Canada was challenged in court with<br />

the pro-choice coalition arguing it had a right to freedom of<br />

religion, expression, assembly and conscience. The judge<br />

found that the act aimed to protect people from harassment,<br />

thus its purpose is not restricting such freedoms.<br />

The right to protest already has a limited application<br />

in Victoria, and across Australia. No specific laws exist<br />

protecting the right to protest, which is currently enshrined<br />

in the Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006<br />

through the right to peaceful assembly.<br />

Executive officer of Right to Life Australia Katrina Haller<br />

told Upstart that the buffer zone should not be allowed. This<br />

is freedom of speech and freedom of assembly, a hallmark<br />

of democracies. Buffer zones are new frontiers in repressing<br />

dissent, she said.<br />

What’s interesting about the buffer zone is that social<br />

groups and left wing advocates, who believe women have a<br />

right to control her body and mind, support the legislation.<br />

This seems fairly ironic considering their own protests<br />

can sometimes amount to harassment and intimidation.<br />

Protesters picketing Christopher Pyne’s office to oppose<br />

higher education reforms exemplify this. After all, it was only<br />

this year in July where protesters clashed with police and<br />

smashed a glass revolving door at Christopher Pyne’s book<br />

launch in Melbourne.<br />

The left wing advocates may be in support of the buffer<br />

zone but the anti-protest laws introduced last year, which<br />

expand the powers of the Victorian Police to order persons<br />

to move away from an area, were strongly opposed. People<br />

at the time feared the laws would stifle protests on the anti-<br />

Tecoma McDonald group and anti-East West Link picketers.<br />

But at the same time, there was hope the laws would prevent<br />

the anti-abortion protesters.<br />

If we outlaw the harassment of women trying to<br />

access abortion clinics, should the same law apply to the<br />

harassment of other people?<br />

Freedom of speech is not absolute, it never has been and<br />

it probably never will be. No matter what the topic is or what<br />

side public opinion stands on, the right to express a view<br />

shouldn’t be abused.<br />

The anti-abortion protesters have mistreated this right and<br />

the buffer zone can be a way to restore balance and limit<br />

the harassment of the women. Emily Howie, the director of<br />

advocacy and research for the Human Rights Law Centre,<br />

highlighted that the buffer zone could strike a balance<br />

between the right to freedom of expression and the rights<br />

privacy, security and healthcare. She said that the safe<br />

access zones are "an easy and sensible solution" that do not<br />

excessively limit the right to protest.<br />

"No one is suggesting that people should be prevented<br />

from expressing their opinions, we’re just asking that they do<br />

so in a way that respects women’s rights to privacy, security<br />

and access to healthcare," said Ms Howie said in a media<br />

release.<br />

Defending freedom of speech is vital to our democracy. The<br />

pro-life groups have a right to their opinion, but this right is<br />

equal to a women’s right to make a choice. The conduct by<br />

the protesters is not what freedom of speech is about. At the<br />

end of the day, it is harassment and harassment should not<br />

be justified in the name of free speech.<br />

Complexity will always pervade such controversial<br />

issues. Both sides should have a voice but they should also<br />

be mindful. The two women at the dinner party had the<br />

opportunity to speak and listen to one another, respectfully.<br />

Opening your eyes to an opinion and acknowledging the<br />

perspective has more value than blatant harassment and<br />

verbal assault. Whether an advocate leans toward the left<br />

or right side of a debate, freedom of speech is a privilege<br />

that, once abused, has consequences necessary to enshrine<br />

respect.


17<br />

Student Affairs<br />

ILLUSTRATION BY TIMOTHY NEWPORT<br />

ARTICLES BY<br />

Kate Mani<br />

Stephen Tofler<br />

Rosie Boyle<br />

David Jeffery<br />

Amelia Veronese<br />

Julia Pillai


18<br />

STUDENT AFFAIRS<br />

BY KATE MANI<br />

What’s in a name?<br />

Why we should not forget our namesake<br />

No, our university is not named after a freeway.<br />

For most of us "Monash" means peak hour traffic and<br />

expensive parking, double degrees and double espressos at<br />

Wholefoods. Do we understand the human life behind our<br />

university’s label? Why has the story of our namesake been<br />

neglected for so long?<br />

Next time you rush across Menzies lawn from Campus<br />

Centre, take a moment to consider the bronze statue<br />

glancing thoughtfully across the university grounds. The<br />

Sir John Monash statue, memorial and donor board were<br />

commissioned by university alumni group Monash Pioneers<br />

and were unveiled in April <strong>2015</strong>. Monash Pioneers and Sir<br />

John Monash Project Board Chairman Michael Headberry<br />

said the group undertook this project so "students and staff<br />

could overcome the incredible lack of knowledge about the<br />

great man."<br />

So what made Monash "great"? His intelligence, education<br />

and accomplishments encompassed vastly different fields<br />

of knowledge. Completing tertiary studies at Melbourne<br />

University in 1895, Monash’s law degree led him to pursue<br />

studies at the Supreme Court and to work as a successful<br />

patent attorney. Engineering qualifications saw him design<br />

bridges, water tanks and silos across Victoria, which<br />

included the Anderson Street (Morell) bridge over the Yarra.<br />

Monash is most well known for commanding the 3rd<br />

division of the AIF in France during World War One. Major<br />

military successes, such as at the Battle of Messines and Le<br />

Hamel, helped to turn the tide of war for the Allies. He rose in<br />

Army ranks to Lieutenant General and was given command of<br />

the newly formed Australian Corps.<br />

"His war feats showed his ability to do the planning and<br />

consider fine details to make strategic plans happen,"<br />

Mr Headberry said. "That’s why he’s considered one of the<br />

greatest generals of the First World War."<br />

Evidently a modernist, Monash was praised in a 2014<br />

address by the Australian High Court’s Justice Michael Kirby<br />

for incorporating new tanks and aircraft into his battle<br />

plans. Monash rejected traditional Allied trench warfare,<br />

opting to utilise new above ground equipment. His strategy<br />

saved thousands of Allied lives and saw him knighted on the<br />

battlefield by King George V, the first time such an honour<br />

had occurred for more than 200 years.<br />

Post war in 1922-1923, Monash founded and became the<br />

second president of the Rotary Club of Melbourne. The link<br />

between Monash and Rotary lives on, with Melbourne Rotary<br />

helping to fund our university’s new statue.<br />

It is service to others that Melbourne Rotary Club President<br />

Peter Rogers considers to be the distinguishing quality<br />

within Monash’s legacy and allows it to remain relevant<br />

today. "Through the rotary connection and philosophy<br />

we understand his humanity in terms of his approach<br />

to business, his emphasis on ethics." Mr Rogers said. "At<br />

the end of the day it is important to be of service to your<br />

community. He was a splendid example of that."<br />

Monash touched many aspects of the 1920s Victorian<br />

community. He established and served as General Manager<br />

and then Chairman of the State Electricity Commission of<br />

Victoria (SECV). This was a community as well as commercial<br />

venture as he consolidated power generation in the La Trobe<br />

Valley, bringing together smaller electricity providers into the<br />

united SECV. In his final years he coordinated a public appeal<br />

for funds and successfully oversaw the construction of the<br />

Melbourne Shrine of Remembrance.<br />

Whether it be 1920s Melbourne or contemporary Clayton,<br />

a functioning society still relies on citizens being willing<br />

to serve the community and demonstrate qualities of<br />

leadership and integrity. It is these ideals that the annual<br />

Rotary Club of Melbourne Monash Medal seeks to recognise.<br />

What is admirable about Monash is that despite his<br />

achievements, he remained grounded; "He was able to<br />

strut, be close to kings and presidents but also remain very<br />

humble with the common man," Mr Headberry said. This<br />

unpretentiousness saw him take a "revolutionary approach"<br />

to military leadership according to Mr Rogers. "He was a very<br />

considerate man and the interests of his troops were always<br />

at the forefront," he said.<br />

However, a final question remains; how is it that the work<br />

and legacy of one of the 20th century’s greatest thinkers<br />

is relatively unknown, not only to students but to the wider<br />

population?<br />

In terms of typical 20th century leadership material,<br />

Monash didn’t fit the bill and his feats were not celebrated.<br />

Coming from a poor immigrant family, Monash was treated<br />

as an outsider and discriminated against for his Germanic<br />

origins and Jewish faith. He faced prejudice for entering<br />

the militia through the part time army reserve, instead of<br />

progressing through military officer training at Duntroon.<br />

"It’s well known Prime Minister Billy Hughes, official war<br />

historian Charles Bean and to a certain extent Keith Murdoch<br />

were at times...very anti John Monash," Mr Headberry<br />

said. It was not until late 20th century historians begun to<br />

shed light on Monash that he was granted due recognition.<br />

In particular, former Deputy Prime Minister Tim Fischer<br />

has called for greater commemoration for Monash and for<br />

him to be posthumously promoted in military ranks to field<br />

marshal.<br />

As students of his university lets take up the call to arms<br />

to recognise Monash’s impact. He should mean more to us<br />

than just a freeway.


STUDENT AFFAIRS 19<br />

On feedback<br />

When have you ever given any feedback at all to either your faculty or the<br />

university administration? Do you feel that as a student you may have<br />

some insights to share that could improve your university experience or<br />

the experience of future students?<br />

BY STEPHEN TOFLER<br />

As my 12th semester at this brilliant academic institution<br />

winds down, I was struck by the thought that my<br />

grandparents know more about my time at Monash than<br />

any member of the faculty or the administration. This<br />

wouldn’t be a problem if it were only due to my grandparents’<br />

keen interest in all facets of my existence, however<br />

it is an issue because beyond SETU surveys, the university<br />

doesn’t seem to ask for any feedback at all from its<br />

students.<br />

I’m not exactly sure how the university goes about trying<br />

to improve its course offerings and the university experience<br />

it provides generally. However, I would have thought<br />

that seeking out the advice and opinions of students,<br />

particularly those nearing the end of their degrees, might<br />

be a good place to start. In the spirit of ‘Ancora Imparo,’ I<br />

would strongly encourage the university administration to<br />

learn what it can from its students in order to strengthen<br />

the educational offerings it provides. Whilst SETU surveys<br />

are useful in understanding the quality of certain units,<br />

many of our insights that can’t be captured by a basic survey,<br />

these may include:<br />

• Whether the course met its<br />

outcomes as outlined in the<br />

university handbook<br />

• The structure of the course<br />

- do its units add up to more than<br />

the sum of their parts? Which units<br />

work well together? Which are irrelevant?<br />

• The components that make<br />

up the units that you enjoyed<br />

• The lecturers that have the<br />

best teaching methods and what<br />

they could teach to other lecturers<br />

that you feel could improve.<br />

• The types of assignments<br />

that you felt were most effective<br />

• The way in which you and<br />

your fellow students worked to get<br />

through your course<br />

• The reasons why you would or<br />

wouldn’t recommend this course to<br />

others<br />

With our free advice not being actively sought, there exists<br />

the question of who and where to give it to. I’d suggest you<br />

speak to your faculty’s administration, tell them that you’d<br />

like to give some feedback and see where they direct you.<br />

If they aren’t helpful you could talk to a lecturer that you<br />

thought was particularly good, tell them why and see if they<br />

are interested in helping you provide that feedback elsewhere.<br />

The worst thing that could happen is that you make<br />

them feel that their work is appreciated, that it is effective<br />

and that they have the ability to be a leader in helping other<br />

academics improve their teaching.<br />

In my own case I was sent to the Head of Teaching for my<br />

faculty and I spoke to him for an hour or so. He was grateful<br />

that I came and was appreciative of the perspective that<br />

I was able to offer. I explained to him the strengths and<br />

weaknesses of the course, specific units and what the really<br />

excellent lecturers did that allowed me as a student to<br />

learn for effectively. We also talked about the modes of assessment<br />

and what could be changed to improve learning<br />

outcomes.<br />

He told me that while he knew about much of what I had<br />

to say, it was still positive to hear it from a student and<br />

that it was reassuring to know that the changes he was<br />

making were in the direction of the sentiments that I had<br />

expressed.<br />

The Civil Engineering faculty isn’t the most emotional of<br />

places, but I was honestly moved by the amount of time<br />

and energy he was investing in his attempts to improve the<br />

student experience. It reassured me that he was interested<br />

in the continuous improvement of the teaching in his<br />

course. It also seemed that there was a lot that was out of<br />

his control and I’ve decided to continue my feedback quest<br />

to university administration.<br />

For me, the ability to openly and honestly discuss my<br />

time at the university with a member of the faculty provided<br />

closure that I would not have found frocking up for my<br />

graduation. It has been a positive experience for me and I<br />

encourage you all to do the same.


20<br />

STUDENT AFFAIRS<br />

BY ROSIE BOYLE<br />

I went to Prato and lived<br />

In July this year, I had the opportunity to swap two weeks<br />

of Melbourne winter and a break from study to do two<br />

units towards my minor (Criminology) in Prato, Italy. It was<br />

a unique experience. Unlike my fellow seasoned student<br />

travellers, I had never been overseas. I had been out of the<br />

Criminology loop for a while, didn’t know anyone else who<br />

was going, yet after much stress, found myself in Florence,<br />

actually having a good time.<br />

I worked a lot at my outside job and did four subjects in<br />

semester one, then took off to Prato only a week after my<br />

last exam. I didn’t leave myself a lot of time to prepare, and I<br />

was extremely anxious about going. After much form-filling,<br />

going to Monash Abroad sessions and searching for funds<br />

to fork over, I realized the heated competition of applicants<br />

I’d braced myself for wasn’t exactly as I had imagined. What<br />

really mattered was whether enough students could stump<br />

up the cash for any of us to go. It cost $1000 to apply for two<br />

units. Half of that came back via a student bursary. The other<br />

half is a mystery.<br />

I was left a bit cold by the amount of money required<br />

upfront, after hearing many times over about the money<br />

Monash was going to throw at me to go (which they do after<br />

you prove your worth). I also got several thousand dollars<br />

from the government about a month before I went. About half<br />

of it went on the flights I couldn’t afford to book in advance.<br />

It’s great taking money from the government (even though<br />

it does eventually have to be paid back, sometime in the<br />

future) to go overseas, and I am definitely planning on doing<br />

it again. The course readers were also free, so take them in<br />

your carry-on and prepare for a strained shoulder.<br />

The Centre also organizes plenty of activities that you<br />

can choose to take part in after class. I skipped most of<br />

them to preserve sanity and study time, and so I could<br />

spend my weekend going on a bunch of tours to Pisa<br />

and the like (which were great, if filled with retirees). I<br />

did however, go to watch The Water Diviner for free in a<br />

fourteenth-century castle; attending for the castle, not<br />

for the long-winded speech about ANZAC pride and the<br />

subtitles that had two languages superimposed on each<br />

other, of course.<br />

I was incredibly lucky, especially considering my shy<br />

personality – my roommate Steph was wonderful, and<br />

we got along really well. Most of the people I met in the<br />

program I really liked, but inevitably you can’t click with<br />

everybody. It turned out to be pretty difficult to get a<br />

single room, a part of studying overseas is invariably living<br />

in that college dorm style. I was also lucky in terms<br />

of accommodation, which was apparently patchy – our<br />

room had great air-con (which was one of the keepers of<br />

my sanity, with every day 33C and up), and great Wi-Fi<br />

99% of the time. Lots of people weren’t so lucky. Things<br />

improved even more when the pharmacy conference<br />

moved out of the main rooms in the Centre, and the<br />

inferior Criminology students were allowed down from<br />

the attic.<br />

A lot of my fellow students were disappointed by the<br />

contrast between Prato and Florence – Florence has<br />

a fantastic nightlife and is a booming tourist centre,<br />

whereas Prato is small and much quieter in comparison.<br />

Yet I actually enjoyed this – Florence is only a short train<br />

ride away when you’re in need of distraction, but Prato is<br />

full of charm without the tourists and urban poverty.


STUDENT AFFAIRS 21<br />

The seminars were intense yet worked perfectly for me. I<br />

quickly got into the habit of strolling down to the Centre<br />

in the morning, laptop in hand, then breaking for a café<br />

macchiato shortly before lunch. Lunch breaks were short,<br />

so Steph and I kept a lot of mozzarella, nice bread, olive<br />

oil and tomatoes in our tiny hotel kitchen. In the middle of<br />

sleepy Italian afternoons, I learned to use my breaks wisely,<br />

seeking out the few places open for my new favourite thing:<br />

caffe crema, which is soft-serve ice cream and espresso.<br />

The seminars really were interesting thanks to the efforts<br />

of Drs James Roffee and Asher Flynn, and I found a renewed<br />

interest in criminology. I also met a lot of wonderful people<br />

and made friends with similar interests me, both in my own<br />

units and outside. It’s hard to remember as you bask in the<br />

Tuscan sun that you’re actually there to do work, and not<br />

purely on holiday, but do plan your time well so that you have<br />

enough time to do the work. I quickly learned to thrive on the<br />

intensity of the program and just ‘go with it’.<br />

I slept many, many hours on returning from my two weeks.<br />

There just wasn’t that much sleep to be had in Prato. Prato<br />

wakes up at night, especially in summer, and goes till late.<br />

Luckily, caffeine is readily available. The heat was intense<br />

– apparently they were experiencing a heatwave during our<br />

visit in the height of summer. The days were long, but we had<br />

Fridays off. Schedule some time upon arrival in Melbourne to<br />

rest before you return to work and uni, unless you gain energy<br />

from endless stress.<br />

"In the middle of sleepy Italian afternoons,<br />

I learned to use my breaks<br />

wisely, seeking out the few places<br />

open for my new favourite thing:<br />

caffe crema, which is soft-serve ice<br />

cream and espresso... It’s hard to<br />

remember as you bask in the Tuscan<br />

sun that you’re actually there to do<br />

work, and not purely on holiday, but<br />

do plan your time well so that you<br />

have enough time to do the work"<br />

I was constantly in the thick of it – work, full-time uni, Lot’s<br />

<strong>Wife</strong>, social activities before I left – a lot of that had to be<br />

scaled back this semester for sanity’s sake, because I<br />

didn’t actually take a break between semesters.<br />

I don’t think I was prepared for how much extra work it<br />

would entail. While you do all your lectures and tutorials<br />

in one go, the assignments (I did one for each unit ‘on<br />

location’) continue once you return. I was luckily able to<br />

under load slightly in semester two. If I hadn’t, I would have<br />

been doing the equivalent of five or six subjects in the first<br />

half, and found myself overwhelmed.<br />

And yet – do I think it was worthwhile? Absolutely. I am a<br />

painfully shy, chronically anxious stranger to travel, but<br />

my dread about stepping away from my comfort zone was<br />

unfounded. Bond with your fellow students and take the<br />

good with the bad. Accept that you have to pay to use the<br />

bathroom everywhere and give up some of your privacy for<br />

a while, ride out the culture shock, explore wherever you<br />

can, see the art, eat the food, take the provided breakfasts,<br />

do the activities, turn your life upside down for a few weeks<br />

and just go with it. You don’t have to be an extrovert or a<br />

seasoned traveller, all you need is to be open to everything<br />

Prato has to offer.<br />

BY ROSIE BOYLE<br />

Image courtesy of<br />

Rosie Boyle


22<br />

STUDENT AFFAIRS<br />

BY DAVID JEFFERY<br />

Y intern? YGAP<br />

Living in a generation of serial networkers<br />

and walking LinkedIn profiles, internships<br />

and volunteer work are soon becoming prerequisites<br />

in landing a job. During my internship<br />

with YGAP, I have found much more than what<br />

seems to be another ticked box for recruiters.<br />

YGAP are a movement of entrepreneurs<br />

that change lives. Between running creative<br />

fundraising campaigns like the 5cent and<br />

Polished Man campaigns to successful social<br />

enterprise businesses such as Feast of Merit –<br />

they have a lot of pots on the boil. Every one of<br />

these projects exists to empower and impact<br />

entrepreneurs from around to world who are<br />

coming up with innovative solutions to end<br />

poverty.<br />

As an intern I was (and still am) working on<br />

the Polished Man campaign, which encourages<br />

men to paint one fingernail from 1-15 October<br />

to represent the 1 in 5 children who experience<br />

violence. I was helping out in whatever<br />

capacities I could on anything from pulling<br />

together PowerPoint presentations to meeting<br />

with nail polish suppliers.<br />

Presenting Polished Man at ‘the HUB Bergen’.<br />

"I have been able to challenge<br />

and test ideas in a way that a<br />

Monash B.A. never could. The<br />

skills I have learnt cannot be<br />

taught in the Menzies. That’s Y<br />

you should intern."<br />

In no time I was painting my fingernail and telling<br />

everyone else why they should too. Today, my nail<br />

remains polished and I’m campaigning up north<br />

in Bergen, Norway.<br />

Interning with YGAP is not the conventional<br />

paperwork lock-down. I have been able to<br />

challenge and test ideas in a way that a Monash<br />

B.A. never could. The skills I have learnt cannot be<br />

taught in the Menzies. That’s Y you should intern.<br />

To get involved in the Polished Man campaign<br />

is super simple. Nail polish, selfie, fundraising<br />

page, go! We ask men to paint their nail, go to<br />

polishedman.com and become a Polished Man,<br />

raise their voice and raise funds. Ladies, you<br />

can get onboard too. Snap a picture with your<br />

Polished Man and post it with the tagline ‘I prefer<br />

a #polishedman’. At YGAP, we believe men have a<br />

leading role in ending violence against children<br />

and as positive role models in society. Join the<br />

likes of Michael Klim, Waheed Aly and Vance Joy<br />

and become a Polished Man today.<br />

polishedman.com #polishedman @ygap


STUDENT AFFAIRS 23<br />

Undergraduate course restructures<br />

for 2016<br />

BY AMELIA VERONESE<br />

Since 2013, the University has been planning<br />

to restructure the undergraduate courses<br />

they offer in all faculties. For most students in<br />

faculties, these restructures to courses will not<br />

affect them, as these changes will be introduced<br />

next year and will apply to students who are<br />

enrolling in courses then. However, these<br />

changes are relevant to existing students who<br />

are thinking of transferring courses, studying<br />

new units and want to know the differences<br />

in these new courses as opposed to the one<br />

that they are currently studying, therefore it is<br />

important that all students are well aware of<br />

these restructures.<br />

The university’s main objective for these<br />

changes is to simplify what is offered to<br />

students studying at Monash, even though<br />

the new restructures can appear a lot more<br />

complicated and harder to follow, especially if<br />

you’re a new student. From 2016 and onwards,<br />

students can enrol in comprehensive degrees<br />

such as the Bachelor of Arts, Business,<br />

Commerce, I.T and Science. Comprehensive<br />

degrees are targeted at students who already<br />

have some idea of what their major study area<br />

will be at the beginning of their degree. The<br />

university is also changing the way that they<br />

market their ‘tagged’ degrees so that they are<br />

more specific. For example, students wanting<br />

to specialise in Engineering will enter in a<br />

general, Bachelor of Engineering degree and will<br />

graduate with a specialist engineering degree.<br />

Much of the changes will prove to be<br />

beneficial for some prospective students; for<br />

example, degrees in the faculty of law and<br />

education now have an embedded honours<br />

component, which increases the amount of<br />

opportunities for graduates studying in these<br />

faculties. In addition, 2016 will also entail more<br />

electives being offered to students of the I.T and<br />

the Business Economics faculties.<br />

However, these changes pose a number of<br />

serious concerns to issues if students are not<br />

consulted and made aware of these changes<br />

in their faculty. It’s important that students<br />

who have intermitted from their course and<br />

are studying again in 2016 are re-enrolled in<br />

the course that they initially were enrolled in,<br />

not into a course that is restructured. There<br />

can also be a lack of flexibility for students to<br />

move out of a specialist field; students enrolled<br />

in a specialist degree may decide during the<br />

duration of their course that they want to do<br />

another degree. Specialising in a course very<br />

early on can limit your options and having a<br />

designated pathway when you begin is not<br />

suited to every student.<br />

There is also an issue over how the University<br />

will be able to effectively explain these new<br />

restructures to prospective students, the<br />

vast majority of which are secondary school<br />

graduates who are 17-18 years old. If staff<br />

and current students find it complicated to<br />

understand, imagine how teenagers who have<br />

not begun university yet, are going to be able to<br />

comprehend them when researching potential<br />

courses or at their time of enrolment.<br />

These undergraduate course restructures<br />

have the potential to really enhance the<br />

education experience at Monash and improve<br />

courses offered in faculties. However, if not<br />

marketed well, or fully explained to prospective<br />

and current students, they have the potential<br />

to disadvantage students studying at Monash.<br />

Faculties have made a commitment to ensure<br />

all students are well informed, but this needs<br />

to continue so all students are aware of these<br />

changes.<br />

The MSA Education (Academic Affairs)<br />

Department have been informing students of<br />

these changes to courses and are aiming to<br />

ensure that students are well aware and that<br />

this information is displayed in many avenues.<br />

If you have any questions, please email the<br />

MSA Education (Academic Affairs) Officer,<br />

Amelia Veronese at amelia.veronese@monash.<br />

edu.<br />

Amelia Veronese is the MSA’s Education (Academic<br />

Affairs) Officer


24<br />

STUDENT AFFAIRS<br />

BY JULIA PILLAI<br />

Cards against humanity:<br />

Monash edition<br />

Photocopy, cut up, and play.<br />

Please be aware that some questions/answers may be offensive to<br />

some people. Before playing, please omit any cards that may be offensive<br />

or triggering to you or anyone you are playing the game with.


STUDENT AFFAIRS 25


WARNING!<br />

YOU CANNOT<br />

APPLY FOR SPECIAL<br />

CONSIDERATION<br />

AFTER YOU HAVE<br />

COMPLETED<br />

YOUR EXAM.<br />

If you’re feeling unwell prior to your exam, make sure you apply<br />

for special consideration!<br />

You can submit your application five university days before an exam;<br />

You can also submit your application two days after the last scheduled exam;<br />

Remember it’s OK to defer your exam if you’re feeling unwell!<br />

www.monash.edu.au/connect/assets/docs/-<br />

forms/deferred-final-assessment-form.pdf<br />

If you have any questions about the process for<br />

applying for special consideration, please email<br />

msa-education@monash.edu


POLITICS 27<br />

27<br />

Science & Engineering<br />

ILLUSTRATION BY TIMOTHY NEWPORT<br />

ARTICLES BY<br />

Alisoun Townsend<br />

Kathy Zhang<br />

Ben Neve<br />

Riana Samuel<br />

Rosie Boyle<br />

Jarrod Verity<br />

Elle Albury<br />

Chulani Jithma


28<br />

SCIENCE & ENGINEERING<br />

Reflections on science<br />

BY ALISOUN TOWNSEND,KATHY<br />

ZHANG,BEN NEVE, RIANA<br />

SAMUEL,ROSIE BOYLE AND<br />

JARROD VERITY<br />

Scientific knowledge has, and will<br />

continue to change the world... There are<br />

too many examples to list – wind turbines, water filters,<br />

evolution, vaccines, those amazing pictures of Pluto and<br />

the list goes on! STEM industries (Science, Technology,<br />

Engineering and Maths) show that true innovation comes<br />

from an intersection of all kinds of wisdom (knowledge?).<br />

Arguably the most important part of this knowledge<br />

is making it available to the wider public. Sharing this<br />

information in what is hopefully an easily digestible<br />

format allows more people to have an opinion and use<br />

this information. Knowledge is power, and easily available,<br />

readable scientific knowledge can be a revolution.<br />

<strong>2015</strong> was a great year for astronomers, and a not-sogreat<br />

year for climate science. It’s shaping up to be our<br />

hottest year on record, keeping to a 2 degree increase in<br />

global temperatures by 2100 will require a drastic and<br />

seemingly unlikely decrease in fossil fuel use, numerous<br />

studies warn that sea levels may soon increase by<br />

unprecedented levels, and polar bears could be extinct by<br />

2100 due to rising temperatures and ice loss. It’s easy to<br />

get depressed about the state of climate change – and the<br />

loss of the beautiful Sumatran rhinoceros to extinction in<br />

August – but don’t give into utter despair – more attention<br />

is being given to the field than ever before.<br />

images courtesy of commons.wikimedia.org and<br />

commons.wikimedia.org


SCIENCE & ENGINEERING<br />

29<br />

The year so far...<br />

January:<br />

Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk address a<br />

conference titled "The Future of AI" in the wake<br />

of unprecedented leaps in artificial intelligence<br />

growth. NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft returns<br />

the first images ever seen of ‘dwarf planet’ Pluto<br />

and its moons, taken from nearly 203 million<br />

km away from the Pluto system. The genome<br />

of the oldest living mammal, the 200-year-old<br />

bowhead whale, has been mapped. Iranian<br />

chemists successfully create biodiesel fuel from<br />

soya oil to help reduce reliance on fossil fuel.<br />

February:<br />

The candidate pool for Mars One, the proposed<br />

project to land the first humans on Mars in<br />

a one-way trip by 2027, has been reduced to<br />

100 potential Mars landers. The UK approves<br />

the use of mitochondrial donation to create<br />

"three-parent babies", intended to help prevent<br />

mitochondrial diseases such as diabetes. NASA<br />

launches the Deep Space Climate Observatory<br />

via rocket to observe solar winds and flares.<br />

Plant biologists in California find a way to<br />

increase drought tolerance in plants. Physicists<br />

theorize that the age of the universe is infinite,<br />

and has no beginning, end or singularity. A<br />

strain of malaria is found to be drug-resistant<br />

in India. A gene that can increase the size of<br />

human brains is discovered.<br />

March:<br />

Light is photographed for the first time as<br />

both a particle and a wave. Researchers date<br />

a human jawbone fossil at 2.8 million years<br />

old, and hypothesize that human life may<br />

have begun at least 400,000 years earlier than<br />

previously thought. The fastest known star is<br />

discovered, exiting the Milky Way at 1200 km/s.<br />

UK scientists begin researching bone marrow<br />

stem cells to treat lung cancer. Archealogists<br />

uncover two lost cities in Honduras. The<br />

spacecraft Dawn begins to orbit Ceres, the<br />

closest of the five dwarf planets to Earth.<br />

The spacecraft Cassini provides evidence for<br />

geothermally heated water in existence on<br />

Saturn, which could potentially make Saturn<br />

the next most-habitable planet after Earth. A<br />

new island has formed off Tonga as a result<br />

of volcanic activity. The FCC rules in favour of<br />

net neutrality. An 1000-year old remedy for eye<br />

infections is found to effectively wipe out MRSA.<br />

April:<br />

The Large Hadron Collidor resumes activity.<br />

The complete genome of the extinct woolly<br />

mammoth is sequenced. The WHO declares<br />

rubella eradicated in America. An autonomous<br />

truck is licensed for use in Nevada.<br />

June:<br />

Female scientists respond to a Nobel<br />

laureate’s comments about them crying in labs<br />

and falling in love with their colleagues with<br />

#DistractinglySexy. The world’s thinnest light<br />

source is created. Research confirms that Earth<br />

is witnessing the start of a mass extinction,<br />

bigger than any in the last 65 million years.<br />

Melbourne surgeons successfully implant a<br />

3D-printed jaw into a patient.<br />

July:<br />

A potential new class of antibiotics are<br />

developed out of sugar. An ebola vaccine<br />

is trialled and found to be 100% effective. A<br />

fossilized four-legged snake is discovered in<br />

Brazil.<br />

August:<br />

Sadly, the Sumatran rhinoceros is declared<br />

extinct. By measuring energy output,<br />

researchers have decided the universe is slowly<br />

dying. A miniature human brain is created in a<br />

dish from stem cells. Experimentation on mice<br />

reveals a gene that could potentially increase<br />

intelligence and reduce anxiety. The Mayo<br />

Clinic reports a new method of "turning off" the<br />

growth of cancer cells.<br />

September:<br />

Palaeontologists uncover a potentially new<br />

species of early humans in Africa, estimated<br />

to have lived 3 million years ago. An American<br />

paraplegic man walks again using a computer<br />

that sends his brain signals to his knees. A<br />

blood-red supermoon, a rare form of lunar<br />

eclipse, occurs and won’t again until 2033.<br />

NASA reports finding saltwater on Mars,<br />

boosting the odds of life on the red planet. A<br />

species of eurypterid (sea scorpion) that lived<br />

467.3 million years ago and was six feet long<br />

has been described as the first big predator.<br />

Brain-to-brain communication via technology<br />

is achieved across a distance of 5,000 miles.<br />

BOYLE AND JARROD VERITY<br />

ZHANG,BEN NEVE, RIANA SAMUEL,ROSIE<br />

BY BY ALISOUN TOWNSEND,KATHY


30 SCIENCE & ENGINEERING<br />

Reflections on science...<br />

BY ALISOUN TOWNSEND,KATHY<br />

ZHANG,BEN NEVE, RIANA<br />

SAMUEL,ROSIE BOYLE AND<br />

JARROD VERITY<br />

Over the course of the year, my<br />

contributions to Lot’s have focused on<br />

environmental issues, and I always jabber<br />

on about ‘renewable this’ and ‘sustainable<br />

that’, so I’d like to take this opportunity<br />

to set the record straight and explain<br />

the meaning behind the jargon. If some<br />

technology is called renewable, there is an<br />

unmentioned semantic emphasis on the<br />

energy source, and not the physical unit. It<br />

is common practice to call wind turbines<br />

and wind energy both renewable; the former<br />

definitely is, however the latter is – strictly<br />

speaking – not renewable.<br />

Emissions are actually created during the<br />

construction of a wind turbine, but over<br />

its lifetime it will pay back this deficit by<br />

generating emissions-free electricity. On the<br />

other hand, wind energy will exist as long as<br />

our planet exists. It’s a small, but important<br />

distinction which highlights that defining<br />

‘renewability’ depends on your point of<br />

reference.<br />

I don’t always reminisce about Year 12, but<br />

when I do, I think back to learning about the<br />

discussion of whether light is a wave or a particle.<br />

For centuries debate swung between viewing light<br />

as a particle or as a wave. Isaac Newton thought<br />

it was a particle, as it will travel in straight lines<br />

and not bend around corners. Those supporting<br />

light being a wave were bolstered by Robert Hooke<br />

and Christiaan Huygens’ description of why a<br />

wave can explain light refraction as it enters a<br />

new medium. A short time later Thomas Young<br />

produced the double slit experiment showing the<br />

interference of light, adding to the large volume<br />

of evidence supporting the wave theory.<br />

Later James Maxwell was able to use his four<br />

wave equations to describe how light propogates,<br />

almost ending entirely the notion that light could<br />

be a particle. Enter the photoelectric effect! J.<br />

J. Thomson’s experiment completely confounded<br />

the entire scientific community; how was it<br />

possible that shining a brighter light on a metal<br />

would not result in more powerful emissions?<br />

Such a huge question could not be answered<br />

by any wave previously known, and opened the<br />

door for the particle theory again. Only after a<br />

huge redevelopment of thinking could scientists<br />

realise that light was both a wave and a particle.<br />

Both the wave theory and the particle theory were<br />

right! Science will never cease to surprise...


SCIENCE & ENGINEERING<br />

31<br />

The couch is not your friend<br />

The so-called ‘obesity crisis’, that was once so<br />

prevalent in the media, has been superseded<br />

in recent years by other perilous issues such<br />

as global warming and the refugee crisis. While<br />

there are fundamentally more problematic<br />

issues for the continuation of mankind, obesity<br />

affects 5 million people in Australia and almost<br />

600 million worldwide. Although this issue may<br />

not be as widely publicised as it was previously,<br />

and despite numerous government lead initiatives,<br />

it is clear that it is still a problem in<br />

Australia. These initiatives include the Victorian<br />

Government’s Go for Your Life campaign, the prohibition<br />

of junk food advertising aimed at children,<br />

and adding daily kilojoule counts to food<br />

products. Whilst these initiatives have eased the<br />

burden of obesity on the healthcare system to an<br />

extent, they have done little to ebb the increasing<br />

levels of overweight and obese individuals.<br />

Research conducted by the Australian Department<br />

of Human Services indicates that if<br />

we continue at the same rate, without effective<br />

intervention the majority of the population, 83%<br />

of males and 75% of females over the age of 20<br />

will be overweight or obese by 2025. The chilling<br />

scenes in the 2008 Pixar film ‘Wall-E’, where the<br />

future consists of row after row of obese and<br />

sedentary people drinking milkshakes, may soon<br />

be a reality. Already, 63% of adults in Australia<br />

are overweight or obese, and without prevention<br />

these numbers are destined to increase. If we<br />

continue without effective change, one third<br />

of children and three quarters of adults will be<br />

classified as obese or overweight in the next ten<br />

years.<br />

Many maladies are caused by genetic abnozmalities,<br />

however obesity cannot be blamed<br />

solely on our DNA. Studies have shown that there<br />

are genes that increase individual predisposition<br />

to weight gain, but these genes rarely have<br />

an effect. Only 78 cases of obesity worldwide<br />

have been directly attributed to these seven<br />

gene mutations. In most cases, obesity involves<br />

a combination of environmental and genetic<br />

influences, which results in a lifestyle where<br />

the individual consumes more energy than they<br />

burn each day.<br />

Although many people may be happy with<br />

their weight, the negative impact on the health<br />

care system is significant, with obesity surpassing<br />

smoking as the leading cause of premature<br />

death in Australia. People who are overweight or<br />

obese have a significantly higher chance of developing<br />

heart disease and type 2 diabetes than<br />

those within healthy weight levels. The projected<br />

health care cost by the Victorian Department of<br />

Human Services for the increase in type 2 diabetes,<br />

is a staggering cost of 5.6 billion dollars<br />

between the years 2032-2033. We simply cannot<br />

afford this.<br />

Obesity is, for the most part, a choice that 5<br />

million Australians make every day. While this<br />

choice may be made inadvertently, it seems that<br />

obesity is an issue we all need to wake up to if<br />

there is to be a positive change made. It is easy<br />

to blame the individual, but if this epidemic is to<br />

be abated, then changes need to be made on a<br />

societal level. Instead of focusing on ‘fads’ such<br />

as the paleo diet, clean eating, and fasting, a<br />

message of moderation and fitness needs to be<br />

relayed to the masses.<br />

There is a formula for maintaining a healthy<br />

weight, and that is consuming the same amount<br />

as you burn each day. On average, individuals<br />

burn 8,700kJ per day (2,000 calories) but this<br />

varies depending on gender, height, weight and<br />

exercise levels. There are many methods that<br />

can be used to maintain this equilibrium, whether<br />

it is by avoiding stress and emotional eating<br />

through distraction, increasing regular exercise,<br />

for example by joining a gym or including more<br />

incidental exercise each day, and eliminating<br />

processed food where possible from your diet.<br />

For the many people in Australia that are obese<br />

or overweight, the path to a healthy weight will<br />

not be easy. However, making positive change<br />

can help to avoid numerous health complications<br />

that have a high possibility of arising later<br />

in life.<br />

With figures showing that approximately 61%<br />

of Australians are either overweight or obese,<br />

this crisis is a problem that will only continue<br />

to worsen unless we act now. We, as a collective,<br />

need to exercise more, eat less processed food,<br />

and increase public health education and promotion.<br />

The couch is not your friend.<br />

BY ELLE ALBURY


32 SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING<br />

Pluto Quiz<br />

BY ALISOUN TOWNSEND&<br />

KATHY ZHANG,<br />

Although not an official planet any longer, Pluto was visited<br />

by the New Horizons spacecraft in mid July of this year.<br />

The images that were sent back to Earth are amazing. So to<br />

commemorate this final edition of Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong> for <strong>2015</strong>, we<br />

would like to honour the last planet visited by humans, Pluto!<br />

(Because these two cosmic events totally bear the same<br />

weight.)<br />

1. Pluto was discovered when and by whom?<br />

A. In 1666 by a priest who thought this planet was the devil, thus the devil’s<br />

number.<br />

B. 1958 by Marilyn Monroe on the set of Some Like It Hot.<br />

C. 1998 by Marilyn Manson on the night of the VMAs.<br />

D. 1930 by astronomers at the Lowell observatory<br />

2. How many moons does Pluto have?<br />

A. Zero. It’s too tiny for moons<br />

B. 10! There’s a party going on.<br />

C. One tiny rock<br />

D. Five, which are mostly tiny moons, although there is one big moon.<br />

3. How many spacecrafts have completed a fly by of Pluto?<br />

A. Only one, humanity is kind of slow at this space travel thing ;)<br />

B. At least 15, we all know NASA is the no.1 reason America is in debt.<br />

C. Zero, Pluto is SO FAR AWAY.<br />

D. Three, including one that landed on Pluto but this news was hidden from us<br />

by the US / illuminati depending on who you ask.<br />

4. Pluto is named after what?<br />

A. A dog (specifically the disney pup)<br />

B. A god (specifically Greek god of the underworld)<br />

C. The popular but gross show food consisting of a hot dog deep fried in batter,<br />

known as a Pluto Pup.<br />

D. The name of the microwave no one cleaned near the site Pluto was first<br />

seen from.<br />

5. Why was Pluto removed from the official list of planets?<br />

A. Officials (the IAU) are jerks who think they can tell Pluto it’s not a planet<br />

anymore!!<br />

B. It’s too small and officially a dwarf planet<br />

C. The IAU subconsciously want to date so many primary school astronomy<br />

projects<br />

D. All of the above


SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING<br />

33<br />

6. How long does it take Pluto to complete an orbit?<br />

A. 86 Earth years<br />

B. 42 Earth days<br />

C. 248 Earth years<br />

D. 1 light year<br />

7. What is Pluto’s surface temperature?<br />

A. Colder than my heart.<br />

B. 5505˚C<br />

C. 1˚K (-272.15˚C)<br />

D. -225 ˚C<br />

8. What is Pluto’s "heart" feature made of?<br />

A. Frozen methane, nitrogen and carbon monoxide<br />

B. Frozen margarita mix<br />

C. It’s actually an alien rubbish dump<br />

D. Love!<br />

9. Pluto’s atmosphere is...<br />

A. Non-existent at all times (space apparently smells like charred meat and<br />

welding fumes)<br />

B. 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, 0.9% argon, 0.03% carbon dioxide, plus some other<br />

gases.<br />

C. Good, thanks to sick beats and a rad lighting concept.<br />

D. Thin and made of nitrogen, methane and carbon monoxide.<br />

10. What is Brian May known for?<br />

A. He is a nice family man, has 2 kids and 1 golden retriever, but he likes the dog<br />

more.<br />

B. His brilliant blonde locks that are so lush and perfect ALL blonde hair dye ads<br />

must use him as a model.<br />

C. He was the lead guitarist of Queen and a member of the New Horizons spacecraft<br />

team.<br />

D. Dressing up as a bored housewife in Queen’s "I Want to Break Free" music<br />

video.<br />

Answers<br />

1. D. Astronomers noticed that Neptune and Uranus’ gravity was affected by some body. Clyde Tombaugh found<br />

Pluto after observing differences in the night sky in pictures - How long would that have taken!!<br />

2. D. Pluto has five (cool) moons! Why does Earth only have one? I have some complaints for space.<br />

3. A. New Horizons travelled past pluto in mid July of this year.<br />

4. B. The God Pluto was also known as Hades.<br />

5. D. Don’t deny you’re not still put out by this...<br />

6. C. Pluto has an irregular orbit. It is inclined 17˚ relative to the ecliptic, the flat reference plane that all other planets<br />

orbit the Sun on. It is also elliptical, meaning its distance from the Sun varies. Pluto’s orbit also crosses paths with<br />

Neptune’s.<br />

7. D. Pluto is the furthest from planet from the sun, and also the coldest. Surface temperatures can vary wildly due<br />

to its elliptical orbit, and its axial tilt of 122.5˚ can cause seasonal weather patterns to vary wildly.<br />

8. A. The "heart" measures approximately 1,600 km across at its widest point and the interior is oddly featureless.<br />

This may indicate ongoing geological processes, or extreme existential loneliness.<br />

9. D. When closer to the sun, Pluto’s frozen surface thaws to form the thin atmosphere. Due to Pluto’s low gravity<br />

(a twentieth of Earth’s) the atmosphere can extend 1,000 km above the surface and be blown away by solar winds. Pluto’s<br />

not all hot air, unlike some other planets!<br />

10. C. In 2007 he got a PhD in astrophysics from Imperial College London. What a cool dude.


34<br />

Puzzles<br />

POLITICS<br />

Issue 3<br />

Max Zadnik<br />

William Molloy<br />

Christopher E Orrel<br />

Lucas Azzola<br />

HONOUR ROLL & FINAL STANDINGS<br />

Issue 4<br />

Christopher E Orell<br />

Sarah Spencer<br />

Max Zadnik<br />

Issue 5<br />

Christopher E Orrel<br />

Max Zadnik<br />

Issue 6<br />

Neil Kedar<br />

Max Zadnik<br />

1st Max Zadnik<br />

2nd Christopher E Orrel<br />

3rd William Molloy, Lucas Azzola, Sarah Spencer and Neil Kadar


POLITICS 35<br />

What’s up doc?<br />

Fatemeh Javidan got her bachelor’s<br />

degree in Civil Engineering from SRTTU<br />

in 2008 and her masters in Structural<br />

Engineering from Tarbiat Modares<br />

University in Tehran, Iran, in 2011. She<br />

then later began her PhD at Monash in<br />

2013. Her innovative research at Monash<br />

focuses on creating high-strength, low<br />

cost steel materials that have plentiful<br />

potential uses in the engineering sector.<br />

BY CHULANI JITHMA<br />

1) What made you choose the field that you<br />

are in now?<br />

I did civil engineering in my bachelor’s degree.<br />

I liked it especially for its contribution to the<br />

outside world. Doing engineering was quite<br />

different to what I thought it was going to be<br />

but it was so much fun. In my masters I did a<br />

lot of numerical, physics and mathematical<br />

research work. However in my PhD I changed<br />

directions a little bit and decided to choose a<br />

field that has both theoretical and practical<br />

applications.<br />

2) Tell us a little bit about what exactly you<br />

are focusing in your research?<br />

The topic of my thesis is "Monotonic and cyclic<br />

behaviour of innovative long beam-column<br />

members consisting of mild, high strength<br />

and ultra-high strength steel tubes". The first<br />

innovation in this is that the material we are<br />

using here have not been used in structures<br />

before. Also, the geometry of these sections<br />

are novel as well. We do tests on large scale<br />

structures which are of a practical scale,<br />

similar to what and how they will be used in<br />

real constructions. Parallel to that I examine<br />

the material behaviour in micro scale which<br />

helps justify our large scale test observations<br />

and gives us a comprehensive overview of<br />

the material. Our aim is to create a structural<br />

element that is light weight, low cost and also<br />

environmentally friendly.<br />

3) So do you enjoy what you do?<br />

Definitely. I mostly enjoy the part which is more<br />

into the practical side of engineering. So when<br />

I do my experiments and numerical modelling<br />

and finally get to the point where I can extract<br />

some design formulations, I can come up with<br />

design recommendations which can be used<br />

by actual civil engineers outside in real life<br />

situations.<br />

4) In a field which is predominated by males,<br />

what is it like being a female engineer?<br />

Well... it seems like it’s a male dominated field<br />

but I don’t think there is much of a difference<br />

anymore. Specially, me being a Muslim woman,<br />

I have never felt any different. I believe a female<br />

engineer can do anything and everything<br />

a male engineer can do and applying this<br />

thought in your life will change your personal<br />

confidence and even other people’s approach<br />

towards you.<br />

5) How would you describe your experiences<br />

being a PhD student?<br />

Many people think that doing a PhD or research<br />

in science or engineering means you are<br />

working alone in labs all the time, disconnected<br />

from the outside world. But that’s very untrue.<br />

Actually it’s the quite opposite. During my<br />

PhD I have been able to attend international<br />

conferences. I had external visits where I met<br />

other industry and academics who work in the<br />

same field as me. I was in the "Three Minute<br />

Thesis" competition where I got the chance<br />

to explain my thesis to the general public.<br />

Seeing them understand what I do and realise<br />

its potential is a great feeling. The different<br />

experiences you get from your PhD journey<br />

connects you to the outside world in a very<br />

professional way. During a PhD you get to do so<br />

many other things that gives you professional<br />

knowledge but still is very fun to do as well.<br />

6) Any final words for the readers, especially<br />

the undergrads?<br />

No one should look at a PhD as something that<br />

is limiting or is a waste of time. Maybe you<br />

might be able to find a job and settle down in it<br />

once you are done with a bachelor’s or masters,<br />

which is great. But when it comes to a PhD, it’s<br />

up to you to guide it in a completely unique<br />

way and full of new experiences. In reality<br />

it is extremely rewarding when you see the<br />

contribution.


36 SCIENCE & ENGINEERING<br />

Internships<br />

Although most internships have closed by now, the Monash Summer Internships offer a great<br />

chance to get some experience and some pay! Give them a look!<br />

Company Where When Looking For Apply<br />

Monash Uni Accident Research Centre<br />

(MUARC)<br />

Clayton<br />

Summer<br />

Psych, Behavioural<br />

Science, Eng Students<br />

11<br />

Weeks<br />

Yes by October 9<br />

School of Physics and Astronomy Clayton Summer<br />

Maths, Computer<br />

Science Students<br />

6<br />

Weeks<br />

Yes by October 9<br />

School of Earth, Atmosphere and Environment<br />

Clayton<br />

Summer<br />

IT Students or Capable<br />

Programmers<br />

6<br />

Weeks<br />

Yes by October 9<br />

Faculty of Pharmacy Clayton Summer<br />

Pharmaceutical Science<br />

Students<br />

6<br />

Weeks<br />

Yes by October 9<br />

Faculty of IT Clayton Summer<br />

IT/Computer Science<br />

Students<br />

4-10<br />

Weeks<br />

Yes by October 9<br />

School of Psychological Sciences Clayton Summer<br />

Psychology or Physiology<br />

Students or Programming<br />

Experience<br />

12 Weeks Yes by October 9<br />

Centre for Obesity Research The Alfred Centre Summer Med Students 6 Weeks Yes by October 9<br />

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics Clayton Summer Nutrition Students 2 Weeks Yes by October 9<br />

School of Biomedical Science Clayton Summer<br />

Medical Science, Biomed,<br />

Science Students<br />

5 Weeks Yes by October 9<br />

School of Rural Health Moe Summer<br />

Second Year or Further<br />

Students<br />

3 Weeks Yes by October 9<br />

Orica<br />

Adelaide, Gladstone,<br />

Mackay,<br />

Melbourne,<br />

Newcastle, Sydney,<br />

Townville<br />

Summer<br />

Engineering Students<br />

3<br />

Months<br />

Yes<br />

from October<br />

Shell Perth Feb All Students<br />

Full<br />

Time<br />

Work<br />

Yes<br />

before December 15<br />

Jane Street<br />

Hong Kong,<br />

London, New<br />

York<br />

Northern<br />

Hemisphere<br />

Winter<br />

2-4<br />

Weeks<br />

Eng/Science/IT Students<br />

Unspecified<br />

Unspecified


SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING<br />

37<br />

37<br />

Arts & Culture<br />

ILLUSTRATION BY TIMOTHY NEWPORT<br />

ARTICLES BY<br />

Jessica Suares<br />

Matthew O’Neill<br />

Emma Simpkin<br />

Kevin Spacedout<br />

Brodie Rowlands<br />

Brodie Everist<br />

Dani Natividad


38 ARTS & CULTURE<br />

HoMie<br />

BY JESSICA SUARES<br />

The words fashion and homelessness don’t<br />

typically go together, but HoMie isn’t your<br />

typical clothing store. The team behind this<br />

Melbourne Central fit-out (the same team<br />

behind the heartwarming Facebook page<br />

Homeless of Melbourne) are determined to<br />

make a difference, through an unconventional<br />

means – a clothing store that gives back to<br />

Melbourne’s homeless community.<br />

The concept sprang to life immediately following<br />

Melbourne’s very own Street Store. The Street Store hit<br />

Melbourne’s shores in December last year, providing<br />

a dignified shopping experience for Melbourne’s<br />

homeless community. Federation Square was cloaked<br />

from top to bottom with donated garments hung on<br />

paper hangers, which were free for anybody to come<br />

and receive. It was different to the often belittling<br />

process of receiving secondhand clothes from an<br />

agency: music was pumping throughout the square,<br />

food trucks were out in force and the feel-good<br />

atmosphere of the day was palpable – everyone was<br />

truly welcome. But most importantly, conversations<br />

were started between donators and receivers; stigmas<br />

and stereotypes were broken down as two usually<br />

disconnected communities – Melbourne’s homeless<br />

and the wider public – had a chance to interact on<br />

equal footing.<br />

Robbie Gillies, co-founder of Homeless of Melbourne<br />

(HoM), and fellow Monash student recalls how<br />

successful The Street Store pop-up was, and how he<br />

and the two other HoM co-founders Marcus Crook and<br />

Nick Pearce felt the need to expand on the idea.<br />

"We wanted to take the model and make it a bit more...<br />

Melbourne. We also wanted to make it permanent. The<br />

thing about dignified receiving is it’s not dignified if<br />

it’s a freak show y’know? It’s not dignified if it’s out<br />

of the ordinary. To make receiving truly dignified we<br />

had to make it permanent. We had to make it part of<br />

normal life that people could be included into," Gillies<br />

said.<br />

And from this, the idea of HoMie - "the street store<br />

that gives" - was born. One Pozible campaign and<br />

$15,000 later, the HoM team were setting up shop on<br />

Level 2 of Melbourne Central. Things could have gone<br />

either way for the boys as Robbie notes with a laugh.<br />

"We were just three guys with absolutely no business<br />

experience... trying to set up a store in Melbourne<br />

Central. It was crazy."<br />

Fortunately for them though, the media attention<br />

from the success of The Street Store and the<br />

popularity of the HoM Facebook page meant there was<br />

absolutely no shortage of support. Target were more<br />

than happy to donate the in-store fittings, and brands<br />

such as Cotton On, Trend Clothing and Snowgum<br />

donate the clothes that HoMie stock. A space, some<br />

donated clothes and vision in April <strong>2015</strong>. That’s what<br />

they started with.


ARTS & CULTURE<br />

39<br />

Jump forward six months and HoMie is a thriving and<br />

dynamic store, making change in some incredible ways.<br />

Firstly there’s the buy-one-donate-one system that HoMie<br />

operates on. For every article of clothing you purchase<br />

at HoMie, an article of clothing is given to a homeless<br />

Melburnian, at absolutely no cost to them. Small in-store<br />

purchases equate to the donation of socks, undies or<br />

beanies, while larger spends equal t-shirts and jumpers<br />

being distributed.<br />

These free clothing items are distributed at exclusive<br />

HoMie VIP shopping days. On these VIP days, members of the<br />

homeless community can come into HoMie and choose any<br />

5 items of clothing in the store, with the help of a personal<br />

shopping assistant to help them find the perfect fit. With<br />

great music, and tonnes of food and drink, plus regular guest<br />

appearances by The Street Barber, a friendly space is created<br />

where the homeless of Melbourne feel welcome, and leave<br />

looking and feeling their best.<br />

It’s clear that HoMie’s impact cannot just be measured in<br />

Facebook likes or number of clothes distributed (4,217 and<br />

more than 600 if you’re curious); HoMie is a store with a<br />

heart and a vision that has changed attitudes and empowers<br />

people. Not just the homeless, but those who want to make a<br />

difference in their local community. Homeless of Melbourne’s<br />

founders hope that their story inspires a new wave of<br />

change-makers to believe that making an impact is not an<br />

impossibility.<br />

"We started with just a recording device and a camera,<br />

and we were just on the street chatting. All we had was a<br />

Facebook account. Anyone in Melbourne can make a real<br />

change with next to nothing. I think that’s a big part of our<br />

story."<br />

Nonetheless, this doesn’t mean that the HoMie team<br />

doesn’t need help sometimes, and are proud of their<br />

association with Melbourne’s homeless services such as<br />

Melbourne City Mission. By their own admission they are<br />

not social workers and rely on qualified agencies to identify<br />

people who are truly in need, and who would benefit most<br />

from receiving what HoMie has to offer. This acts as an<br />

added incentive for those experiencing hardship to make<br />

themselves known to the relevant agencies, meaning people<br />

can get the best professional advice possible.<br />

With Homeless of Melbourne approaching its 1st birthday<br />

on October 15th Robbie, Nick and Marcus have spent a lot of<br />

time reflecting on the past year, and planning for the future<br />

of HoMie.<br />

"It’s been a crazy journey. From learning how to advertise<br />

to how to arrange stock correctly. We’re really keen to start a<br />

women’s and a men’s range... especially so we can focus more<br />

on women’s issues. We’d really like to reach out and touch on<br />

gender issues and sanitation issues of women living on the<br />

street. There’s a group called the Melbourne Period project<br />

that we’d love to collaborate with. And also just general<br />

expansion... we’re looking at opening in Chaddy, getting more<br />

brands on board... There are gonna be challenges, but no<br />

challenge is insurmountable.”<br />

Chatting to Robbie, a fellow Monash student, you can’t help<br />

but to be a little inspired yourself. As a university student<br />

it often feels like affecting change and making your mark<br />

is for after your degree when you’re "qualified". Looking<br />

around HoMie however, seeing what these three mates have<br />

accomplished, you realize that anyone can initiate change.<br />

The HoMie team urge everyone to come down and have a<br />

browse through their clothes range – it really is as simple as<br />

shopping to make a real difference to the lives of Melbourne’s<br />

homeless community.<br />

You can find HoMie on the second floor of Melbourne Central,<br />

or order clothes through their new online store http://www.<br />

homiestreetstore.com.au/.


40 ARTS & CULTURE<br />

30 years of making Mario<br />

BY MATTHEW O’NEIL<br />

Nintendo’s Mario and co. have been an integral part<br />

of video game history. Mario made his official debut<br />

on arcade machines in 1981, as the main protagonist<br />

in Donkey Kong, however he was known at the time<br />

as Jumpman. During this time there was a massive<br />

videogame crash that many speculated would be the<br />

end of videogame consoles as a whole, something<br />

Nintendo had not tested the waters of yet. The<br />

infamous videogame crash of the early 80s, is often<br />

at the blame of Atari 5200 and the undisputed, most<br />

terrible game of all time; E.T.<br />

Fast-forward to 1985 and the release of the<br />

Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) would usher<br />

in the first official years of Nintendo as a console<br />

manufacturer as well as establishing Mario’s first<br />

mainline entry Super Mario Bros. At the time of<br />

Super Mario Bros. success, many industry analysts<br />

at the time deemed it to be a fluke as the videogame<br />

market was still suffering from the Atari crash.<br />

Fortunately for gamers everywhere, this notion was<br />

proved false. Not only did Mario spawn numerous<br />

successful sequels on the NES, other successful<br />

games were released such as Megaman, Final<br />

Fantasy and The Legend of Zelda. Sega answered<br />

Mario’s popularity with their own mascot Sonic the<br />

Hedgehog, which made his first appearance in 1991<br />

on their follow up console the Sega Genesis (released<br />

1988). Sega would go on to be Nintendo’s main<br />

competitor. This led to the first official console war,<br />

which would have the two gaming giants battling it<br />

out in the home console and handheld realms.<br />

Nintendo sought partnerships in order to maintain<br />

their market dominance. As such they had a failed<br />

partnership with Philips which is also cited as why<br />

Nintendo pulled out of their partnership with Sony,<br />

which would then ultimately lead into Sony’s console<br />

debut the PlayStation which was released in 1994.<br />

During this time Sega fans were becoming<br />

disillusioned with Sega’s add on peripherals for the<br />

Genesis (Sega CD & Sega 32X), that were expensive<br />

and quickly abandoned. They were also disillusioned<br />

by Sega’s latest console, the Sega Saturn which was<br />

released in 1994 and never received a game within<br />

the Sonic franchise. This helped the PlayStation to<br />

gain early success and become a serious competitor.<br />

"At the time of Super<br />

Mario Bros. success,<br />

many industry<br />

analysts at the time<br />

deemed it to be a<br />

fluke..."<br />

Nintendo did not release their next generation console<br />

the Nintendo 64 (N64) until 1996, giving PlayStation a<br />

massive head start. Despite the critical acclaim games<br />

such as Super Mario 64 and The Legend of Zelda:<br />

Ocarina of Time received by critics as being excellent<br />

transitions into the 3D realm, and even hailed by some<br />

to this day as the best games of all time. PlayStation<br />

managed to secure the rights to popular third party<br />

titles like Final Fantasy VII, which never saw release on<br />

Nintendo’s platform.<br />

After Sega’s console Dreamcast (released 1998)<br />

failed to capture audiences, opting Sega to abandon<br />

the console wars, and Nintendo’s GameCube (released<br />

2001) decline in popularity, the market had a major<br />

shift once more. The PlayStation 2 (released 2000) was<br />

the runaway success of this videogame generation.<br />

This generation also saw Xbox enter the market to<br />

mediocre sales. However, the following generation saw<br />

that PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, and Wii were all major<br />

successes. Mario saw a return to form with the New<br />

Super Mario Bros. series.<br />

Now with the current generation of consoles in place,<br />

Sony once more being the market leader, Nintendo<br />

must once again reinvent itself to become the market<br />

leader it once was. The Wii U has not caught on like the<br />

PlayStation 4, and even the Xbox One is trailing behind<br />

Sony’s behemoth. However when one gets caught up<br />

in a consoles success, they often forget about the fun<br />

that can be had with consoles. Super Mario Maker has<br />

marked the 30th anniversary for Mario. It is a game<br />

that you can create your own Mario levels, in which<br />

can be designed throughout the many generations of<br />

graphical styles and gameplay. Nintendo has alluded<br />

to creating a more unified platform and has stated that<br />

they will release details on their NX platform at E3 next<br />

year. This and Nintendo’s newfound commitment to<br />

also supporting their software on mobile devices shows<br />

that despite their mediocre sales of the Wii U, they are<br />

here to stay.


ARTS & CULTURE<br />

41<br />

Learning Languages<br />

Each year, students from all faculties are romanced<br />

by the idea of learning a foreign language. Wooed by<br />

promises of increased attractiveness to employers,<br />

cognitive benefits of bilingualism or reconnection<br />

with a lost cultural heritage, undergraduates and<br />

postgraduates alike part with hundreds of dollars a<br />

semester in the hope of acquiring fluency.<br />

Recent university budget cuts saw grammar<br />

seminars for Italian, French and German replaced<br />

by Moodle podcasts. At a federal level, scholarship<br />

funding like that of the Endeavour Language Teacher<br />

Fellowships is set to cease in January of 2016 while<br />

other initiatives encouraging multilingualism are<br />

rapidly disappearing.<br />

Australia’s shift from spending on language<br />

education has been taken as indicative of declining<br />

interest in languages. Yet the rising popularity<br />

of free or low-priced applications like Duolingo,<br />

Anki, Memrise, FluentU and Skritter, as well as the<br />

continued interest in language study abroad, shows<br />

this is far from being the case.<br />

Rather it seems that students are questioning the<br />

cost-effectiveness of classroom language learning<br />

and possibly with good reason.<br />

Traditional classroom language learning can<br />

undeniably foster fluency. The ability to share<br />

knowledge with peers, immediacy of feedback and<br />

correction along with the stronger focus on oral<br />

and listening skills are some of the many positives.<br />

However large classroom sizes can often translate<br />

to more range in ability level resulting in some<br />

students being less challenged or others struggling<br />

to meet the demanding pace.<br />

Likewise language placement tests for university<br />

entry are often based on external scoring systems<br />

such as VCE or online tests. No method is without<br />

fault when it comes to accurately pinpointing<br />

linguistic ability but non-comprehensive placement<br />

tests may not detect if there is a significant<br />

difference in a student’s oral skills versus written<br />

proficiency.<br />

"Many students prefer the<br />

combined travel and language<br />

acquisition experience provided<br />

by study abroad. For those<br />

looking to learn quickly, the<br />

extent of immersion can often<br />

be the appeal of in-country<br />

programs"<br />

Many students prefer the combined travel and<br />

language acquisition experience provided by<br />

study abroad. For those looking to learn quickly,<br />

the extent of immersion can often be the appeal of<br />

in-country programs like those Monash offer for<br />

Mandarin, French, German, Japanese, Ukranian,<br />

Indonesian and Korean.<br />

However language barriers overseas are not<br />

as strong as they once were. In countries that<br />

regularly accommodate tourists, locals are unlikely<br />

to speak only their native language. Likewise<br />

many students continue to use Anglophone social<br />

media or find work that requires them to speak<br />

English while overseas. For some, the lack of<br />

complete immersion may mean there’s a weaker<br />

need to communicate in the target language and<br />

potentially they don’t reach as a high a level of<br />

fluency as hoped for.<br />

Classroom methods and in-country immersion<br />

are not the only methods available to the modern<br />

language learner. New methods of acquisition are<br />

constantly being refined and researched, often on<br />

the basis of their popularity.<br />

Duolingo’s Vice President of Marketing and<br />

Communications, Gina Gotthlif, says currently<br />

over 100 million people use the free online<br />

language learning platform. According to Gina,<br />

much of the success of the application is due to<br />

its gamification elements (points, mini-games<br />

and leveling-up) that encourage users to continue<br />

studying when they struggle to persevere. She<br />

likens the habit-forming effect of studying with<br />

Duolingo similar to that of Candy Crush, except<br />

Duolingo aims to "addict people to learning" and<br />

has been very successful in that endeavor.<br />

Duolingo is one of a number of applications that<br />

attempts to mimic the way children learn their<br />

native language. There are no lessons on grammar<br />

or situations requiring students to explicitly apply<br />

rules. Rather, it works on a system of small-scale<br />

immersion by introducing vocabulary and rules<br />

that the learner is rewarded for remembering.<br />

Benefits aside, two main disadvantages to<br />

learning a language via an application or website<br />

exist. First, apps like Duolingo are often tailored<br />

to suit a specific language or set of languages.<br />

Gina Gotthlif mentions that Duolingo deliberately<br />

has yet to include Asian languages on the app as<br />

it may provide the same experience for learning<br />

Mandarin as learning German. Second, oral<br />

testing and learning relies on speech recognition<br />

technology. This can result in the learner’s spoken<br />

skills lagging behind reading and writing ability in<br />

a language.<br />

So when considering picking up a language at<br />

university or getting back on the bandwagon with<br />

your language learning, talk to the faculty before<br />

enrolling. Likewise when looking into language<br />

BY EMMA SIMPKIN


42 ARTS & CULTURE<br />

How pills turned my ex crazy<br />

BY KEVIN SPACEDOUT<br />

At some point in our lives, many of us<br />

will reflect on why our past relationships<br />

didn’t work out. I found myself in this<br />

position during the past 9 months since<br />

the breakup, pondering what went wrong<br />

and perhaps how I could either improve<br />

myself or avoid particular conflicting<br />

characteristics. But when I find myself<br />

reflecting, I just can’t find anything bad<br />

about the relationship. Until I remember<br />

the pills.<br />

Having experimented with a variety of drugs since<br />

this relationship, I have always been curious about the<br />

day when enough of a drug is enough. When is it that<br />

you realise that you don’t have any real friends outside<br />

of drugs? Or the last drug you take to tip you mentally<br />

over the edge into delusion? The last bump of speed;<br />

the last puff of bong smoke; the last drop of alcohol;<br />

the last pill. There were stories I’d heard, but never<br />

personally experienced. I realised too late that this was<br />

happening to my ex-girlfriend – she was becoming<br />

crazy. Subtle but destructive personality changes had<br />

begun to occur.<br />

Like, we’d taken drugs before together, you know – at<br />

parties and stuff but when she started taking them<br />

alone at the same time every morning of every day, I<br />

couldn’t keep up. At the beginning, when she’d get up<br />

to pop one (she always started with one), I thought<br />

maybe if I got up and did the same it would make<br />

things better. So I too begun to start day with a pinga.<br />

One morning when she jumped out of bed, thinking I<br />

was still asleep to take that mysterious tablet, I got up<br />

too – ecstasy in hand – to join in on this morning ritual<br />

naïvely thinking that she’d appreciate the gesture.<br />

WELL, I was wrong. I walked into the bathroom, stood<br />

next to her locking eyes in the mirror as if to say "let’s<br />

party". She stared at me – blankly – but maintained<br />

eye contact as I downed the leftovers of her water<br />

washing down the pill.<br />

“<br />

"WHAT THE FUCK DO YOU THINK YOU’RE DOING? I HOPE<br />

THAT IS PANADOL. YOU HAVE WORK IN 40 MINUTES YOU<br />

FUCK FACE."”<br />

I was stunned, speechless. Why could she take them<br />

and not me? I never questioned her morning ritual but<br />

as soon as I give it a crack I was apparently a "drop<br />

kick" who "needed help." To avoid conflict, I played<br />

along and agreed to rehab and promised to start daily<br />

cleanses but did request that she do the same, you<br />

know, to ‘help us both’. Maybe it could even be a bit<br />

romantic. Like all addicts however, she refused to a)<br />

acknowledge she had a problem and b) seek help.<br />

I was going to have to be far more interventionist in<br />

my tactics. So one day when she was out her morning<br />

yoga class, which I always assumed was code for Revs,<br />

I went for a sneak peak in her bag to find evidence of<br />

any unsavoury habits. It was on this day that I found<br />

them, in bulk. I’d never seen so many drugs in my life,<br />

I felt like I was watching an episode of border security<br />

drug squad. There in her bag, amongst the lipstick,<br />

wallet, myki cards and tampons was not one, but 28<br />

pills varying in colour still in their pack.


ARTS & CULTURE<br />

43<br />

"WHAT THE FUCK DO YOU<br />

THINK YOU’RE DOING? I HOPE<br />

THAT IS PANADOL. YOU HAVE<br />

WORK IN 40 MINUTES YOU<br />

FUCK FACE."”<br />

Confirming my suspicions, it was made clear<br />

that this was an everyday habit – on the pack<br />

read Monday through to Sunday. I looked at the<br />

clock, she wasn’t due to be home for another half<br />

an hour or so, so I decided to look further around<br />

our flat for more evidence. I thought the next best<br />

place would be the bed-side dresser. I rummaged<br />

through all her chick flick books, old lip balms<br />

and dried up nail polish but eventually found the<br />

mother lode in the bottommost draw. Boxes and<br />

boxes of pills. This evidence changed everything.<br />

No longer was she just a victim, she was now a<br />

perpetrator clearly dealing out these drugs to<br />

vulnerable unknowing individuals.<br />

There was no way I was going to rebab, she was<br />

going to prison. I began to picture myself going<br />

to the ladies’ prison in a suit, flowers in hand, for<br />

our monthly meet up. This was going to put quite<br />

the strain on our relationship, you know, now that<br />

she was now a criminal and all. Her recreational<br />

morning use was nothing in comparison to this<br />

and I was not ready.<br />

So with the little time I had before she would<br />

return from "yoga", I collected all the evidence<br />

that I had found. I popped all the pills out of every<br />

packet onto the bed for her to see just so that she<br />

knew I was onto her bad habit. As I heard the lock<br />

of our front door snip open, I froze a little<br />

contemplating whether I had made a huge<br />

mistake but it was too late to back out now.<br />

She entered our room where all hell broke<br />

loose.<br />

"What’s with all the drugs, Pablo Escobar?"”<br />

They’re my pills..."…”<br />

"Yeah I can see that they are pills. I’m not an<br />

idiot."”<br />

It was at this point that my emotions got<br />

the better of me and I told her a dark truth<br />

of my own.<br />

"I don’t know why you take these anyway,<br />

they’re not very effective. I’ve been popping<br />

a few each night before I’ve gone out with<br />

the boys, I figured you had enough to share<br />

anyway."<br />

"YOU DID WHAT?" She yelled behind clenched<br />

teeth.<br />

We never really spoke again much after<br />

that day. That night she packed her bags<br />

and went to her mum’s place. She took<br />

everything except, to my surprise, the pills.<br />

She explained to me that now that we<br />

weren’t together anymore she wouldn’t need<br />

to take them anymore because "no other<br />

man doesn’t know how to use a condom like<br />

you." This comment really demonstrated<br />

how crazy and delusional she had become,<br />

I mean, what did my condom use have to<br />

do with her drug addiction? We hadn’t even<br />

used condoms for months...…


44 ARTS & CULTURE<br />

Monash @ Malthouse<br />

BY BRODIE ROWLNADS<br />

After three years of studying performance theory and<br />

creating works within the university campus, it was an<br />

incredibly exciting opportunity for us, a group of final<br />

year students from the Bachelor of Performing Arts,<br />

to take our work to the Coopers Malthouse Theatre’s<br />

Tower Theatre. This opportunity came about through the<br />

Monash/Malthouse collaboration, a partnership that<br />

has already provided us with discounted tickets and<br />

panel discussions and now was taking us inside the<br />

building to create our own theatre. Our performance,<br />

Welcome to Nowhere, was directed by acclaimed<br />

director Emma Valente of THE RABBLE and included<br />

five separate plays written by multi-award winning<br />

Melbourne playwrights; Angus Cerini, Zoey Dawson,<br />

Daniel Keene, Fleur Kilpatrick and Morgan Rose. We<br />

also had Eugyeene Teh as a design consultant. The new<br />

daring work was performed, designed, marketed, stagemanaged<br />

and assistant directed by students and it was<br />

an incredible opportunity to collaborate with artists<br />

whom we have admired and had been influenced by<br />

throughout our degrees. We had been in the rehearsal<br />

room since July and when production week came<br />

around everyone was buzzing with excitement. The<br />

entire cast and crew had put an incredible amount of<br />

hard work into the production and were ready to cross<br />

the threshold and have an audience breathe life into our<br />

work.<br />

Welcome to Nowhere explored the concept of<br />

‘liminality’, a premise set out by director Emma<br />

Valente, who asked the five writers to consider<br />

these in-between spaces in relation to individuals,<br />

communities, or entire countries; this could be<br />

anything from ancient rituals and ceremonies to<br />

being on an aeroplane that is about to disappear. They<br />

were also given the visual stimulus of two Australian<br />

photography series: First Job Series, a collection of<br />

pastel hand-coloured photographs by Tracy Moffart,<br />

where she inserted herself into found photographs of<br />

casual jobs, and Welcome to Nowhere by Trent Parke,<br />

which depicts abandoned and unusual Australian<br />

Landscapes. The writers went away and each wrote<br />

their own versions of nowhere, returning periodically<br />

to workshop their text with the ensemble. The five<br />

resulting works were incredibly diverse, covering<br />

everything from death, car parks, and moving to Mars.


ARTS & CULTURE<br />

45<br />

The five performances ran one after the other,<br />

transitioning between each play with light<br />

and sound interludes. Each play carried its<br />

own distinctive style and traits, but were held<br />

together by a strong aesthetic vision. The first<br />

play, Inertia, featured the interaction between<br />

a girl determined to be chosen to move to Mars<br />

for the Mars One project and a sweet boy from<br />

the country who she brought home to have a<br />

one night stand with; it featured ‘aliens’ wearing<br />

biohazard suits and a spectacular moment where<br />

the main character was sprayed in a luminous<br />

substance that glistened under UV light. Started<br />

From The Bottom by Zoey Dawson explored a<br />

desperately famous girl giving a speech at an<br />

awards night and her relationship with her dying<br />

grandmother, who was dressed in a giant bird<br />

suit. Ash by Daniel Keene had more naturalistic<br />

tones and was a story about three siblings with<br />

a tortured past who were collecting their dead<br />

father’s ashes. New Bright Future brought the<br />

comedic element with underlying tragedy to the<br />

show with a performance about five people who<br />

are left in an endless, carless car park as their<br />

town mysteriously disappears. The show ended<br />

on an explosive note with The Curling Ribbon by<br />

Angus Cerini, which explored the moment before<br />

death, oscillating between flashbacks to a<br />

carnival and the scene of a siege. Naturally,<br />

this involved a lot of cream pies being hurled<br />

around the space and smashed into faces.<br />

Whilst the works expanded across an array of<br />

forms they all held resonances in their ideas<br />

and evocations of these intermediate spaces.<br />

It was an immense yet exciting challenge<br />

to bring together five disparate works, but<br />

one that allowed us to have the experience<br />

of approaching a large variety of works and<br />

bringing together a vast array of writing and<br />

performance styles.<br />

This year was the first of the Monash/<br />

Malthouse partnership and it has been<br />

incredibly valuable to be able to work<br />

with professionals in the industry we are<br />

graduating into, especially at a venue where<br />

we have been audience members for years.<br />

The ‘liminal space’ of graduating from a<br />

degree where there is no clear-cut pathway<br />

can be pretty scary, but opportunities such<br />

as these make the transition feel much<br />

smoother and give us a taste for what we<br />

are about to get ourselves into. We are very<br />

thankful to everyone who was involved in<br />

the project and it is definitely something to<br />

keep an eye on each year. Considering the<br />

names the Monash/ Malthouse partnership<br />

is bringing to work with the students on<br />

these projects, they are sure to produce high<br />

quality exciting, contemporary theatre that<br />

challenges preconceived notions of what<br />

students can do.<br />

Brodie Rowlands is the Assistant Director on<br />

Welcome to Nowhere


46 ARTS & CULTURE<br />

Gig guide<br />

14th October<br />

Live Jazz with The Rookies.<br />

The Rooks Return. 201 Brunswick Street, Fitzroy<br />

Free – 8:30pm every Wednesday.<br />

15th October<br />

The Melbourne Improvisers Collective October Series<br />

Uptown Jazz Café, 1/177 Brunswick St, Fitzroy.<br />

8:30pm.<br />

The Melbourne Improvisers Collective (MIC) presents the Zeb Vescio Trio and the<br />

Hammon/Rankin Project.<br />

16th October<br />

Elissa Rodger Band - Poetry in Motion<br />

Melbourne Recital Centre, 31 Sturt St, Southbank, Melbourne.<br />

7pm. Tickets $30/25.<br />

Upcoming jazz vocalist Elissa Rodger presents a collection of pieces celebrating<br />

the spoken word – featuring the works of e.e. cummings, Theodore Roethke and<br />

fantastic lyricists alike.<br />

17th October<br />

Clancye Milne Presents the Music of Gershwin<br />

Paris Cat Jazz Club, 6 Goldie Place Melbourne.<br />

6:30pm. Tickets $25.<br />

With a shared love of the Great American Songbook, vocalist Clancye Milne and<br />

composer James Mustafa present an evening of music, featuring the iconic<br />

compositions of George and Ira Gershwin.<br />

21st October<br />

Live Jazz with The Rookies.<br />

The Rooks Return, 201 Brunswick Street, Fitzroy.<br />

Free – 8:30pm every Wednesday.<br />

22nd October<br />

Papa G and the Starcats at the Toff<br />

The Toff in Town, 262 Swanston St, Melbourne.<br />

Papa G and the Starcats celebrate the end of semester in style with a night of<br />

soul, funk and heavy hangs at the Toff in Town. With support from Hyjinx.<br />

22nd October<br />

The Melbourne Improvisers Collective October Series<br />

Uptown Jazz Café, 1/177 Brunswick St, Fitzroy.<br />

8:30pm.<br />

The Melbourne Improvisers Collective presents their Women in Jazz<br />

Series part 2. Featuring the Arlene Fletcher Trio and at 10pm the surrealist<br />

improvisations of Bat Country.<br />

22nd – 24th October<br />

Metamorphoses<br />

Monash University Drama Theatre, 55 Scenic Boulevard, Monash University.<br />

Thursday, 22 October at 1:00pm & 7:30pm<br />

Friday 23 & Saturday 24 October at 7:30pm<br />

Tickets: General Admission $10<br />

A newly devised musical inspired by the epic tales of Ovid’s Metamorphoses.<br />

24th October<br />

Disco Fire – Brooklyn’s Finest + Hyjinx<br />

The Luwow, 62-70 Johnston St, Fitzroy.<br />

Funk/pop bands Brooklyn’s Finest and Hyjinx present a showdown of disco<br />

fire at the Tiki-themed Luwow bar. Also featuring Donnie Disco and his Disco<br />

Dollies.<br />

Unit 6 at Uptown<br />

Uptown Jazz Café, 1/177 Brunswick St, Fitzroy.<br />

6pm.<br />

Unit 6 are a fresh, swinging sextet lead by saxophonist Paul Cornelius and<br />

singer Olivia Chindamo. Catch them at Uptown Jazz Café performing their<br />

brilliant interpretations of classic jazz standards.<br />

28th October<br />

9pm. $5 entry<br />

Little Adventures.<br />

Live Jazz with The Rookies.<br />

The Rooks Return. 201 Brunswick Street, Fitzroy<br />

Free – 8:30pm every Wednesday.<br />

29th October<br />

The Melbourne Improvisers Collective October Series<br />

Uptown Jazz Cafe. 1/177 Brunswick St, Fitzroy.<br />

8:30pm.<br />

The Melbourne Improvisers Collective (MIC) presents the Peter Evans Group<br />

and the Ross McHenry Trio.


ARTS & CULTURE<br />

47<br />

My practice mainly revolves around communication through experimental forms - I use<br />

interaction as a design tool to express ideas and engage with audiences. My work ranges<br />

from interactive installations, to zines and lo-fi video; whether a medium is traditionally<br />

for print or digital, it’s the way that the designer makes use of its qualities that<br />

make it relative to their practice. With this in mind, I like to work with an array of different<br />

media in exploring how experimentation and participation can communicate ideas.<br />

I’m in my final year of Communication Design at Monash University, and I’m looking<br />

towards completing my Honours in the near future.<br />

Shoegaze<br />

An experimental zine of the music genre Shoegaze,<br />

which involved translating characteristics of its<br />

sound into visual imagery.<br />

INSTAGRAM: @DNAT<br />

BY DANI NATIVIDAD/ WEBSITE: DKND.NET /


48 ARTS & POLITICS<br />

BY DANI NATIVIDAD/ WEBSITE:<br />

DKND.NET / INSTAGRAM: @DNAT<br />

Sensilab Torii<br />

In collaboration between the Faculty of Information Technology and Art,<br />

Design, & Architecture for Monash University Open Day, this pop-up<br />

installation was an interactive display that mapped animated projections<br />

onto physical objects. Connected to a breathing monitor, the<br />

room measured a user as they breathed and rhythmically generated<br />

sound and image throughout the space.


ARTS & POLTICS<br />

49<br />

BY DANI NATIVIDAD/ WEBSITE: DKND.NET /<br />

INSTAGRAM: @DNAT<br />

A Mote of Dust<br />

A Mote of Dust is an interactive biographical project that<br />

explores the connections between the places, objects, and<br />

people throughout my family history. Each ‘star’ represents<br />

a moment in my family history and a set of connections<br />

that link them to other shared moments. This project aims<br />

to depict the arbitrary, the chaotic as well as the unknowns<br />

in our past, present, and future.


LOT’S WIFE <strong>2015</strong><br />

WOULD LIKE TO THANK<br />

Adrienne Bicknell - Alex Davis - Dr. Alice de Jonge - Alisoun<br />

Townsend - Amelia Veronese - Anna Hill - Anna Schouten -<br />

Anna Zhang - Antra Svarks - Ashley Wah - Ben Neve - Betty<br />

Woodville - Bill Molloy - Bree Guthrie - Brodie Everist - Carina<br />

Florea - Carolyn Vlasveld - Cassie Spry - Ceitidh Hopper -<br />

Chloe Blythman - Chulani Jithma - Claire Rowe - Clarissa<br />

Williams - Courtney Baker - Danielle Natividad - David<br />

Jeffery - Eleanor Albury - Elspeth Kernebone - Elyse Walton<br />

- Emily Neilsen - Emma Simpkin - Emma Winton - Farah<br />

Ibrahim - George Kopelis - Georgia Cox - Grace McKinnon -<br />

Hareesh Makam - Henry Kerstens - Hugo Muller-Downing<br />

- Janelle Barone - Janet Zhu - Jarrod Verity - Jesse Cameron<br />

- Jesse Crossman - Jessica Suares - Jordan Carter - Joseph<br />

McAllister - Josh Zuzek - Julia Chapman - Julia Pillai - Kai<br />

Kurashige - Karen Freilich - Kashmi Ranasinghe - Kate<br />

Mani - Kathy Zhang - Katie Morris - Kelly Lenehan - Kelly<br />

Pigram - Kimi Nandini - Kirsti Weisz - Kristin Robertson<br />

- Lauren Arnett - Lauren Goldsmith - Lisa Healy - Luke<br />

James - Mali Rea - Marcus Lower - Matt Seymour - Matthew<br />

Edwards - Melissa Cafarella - Matthew O’Neill - Melodee<br />

Ried - Michaela Scully - Michelle Li - Monica Hunt - Nathan<br />

Steinkoler - Neil Kedar - Rachel Brasse - Rhyss Wyllie -<br />

Riana Samuel - Rosie Boyle - Rubee Dano - Sabby Gill -<br />

Samantha Hyde - Sarah Fern - Sarah Price - Sarah Spivak<br />

- Sheona Bello - Sinead Colee - Sophie Hinz - Sophie<br />

Vassallo - Stephanie Akaoui - Stephen Tolfer - Stephen<br />

W. Enciso - Sunny Liu - Tamsin Peters - Thomas Green<br />

- Timothy Newport - Tom Clelland - Viet-My Nguyen Bui

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