Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

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Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

decrease. When intra-EU trade is excluded, the EU is still the largest trader in

the world and responsible for 14% of world trade. But Oceania is approaching

the EU very fast.

Consumption

The EU dairy industry in first instance produces for the home market. This home

market is an increasing market for cheese and a fairly stable market for milk.

The milk consumption in EU-27 was 71 kg per head on average in 2006. In

most countries the milk consumption is stable or slightly going down, while in a

few countries demand is rising. In 2000 the EU-27 milk consumption still was

73 kg per head, while in 2005 the milk consumption was 71 kg/head. The diversity

in milk consumption is also very high (see figure 3.3).

The cheese consumption is going up in most countries. The average cheese

consumption in the EU-25 was 15.9 kg per head in 2000 and 16.6 kg in 2005.

Cheese consumption has increased most in the USA and in Poland.

Figure 3.2 Cheese (based on cow milk) consumption in kg per head in

major EU and benchmark countries

Consumption (kg/head)

30

25

20

15

10

5

0

EU-25

Belgium

Source: Dutch Dairy Board.

Denmark

Germany

Greece

Spain

France

Ireland

Italy

Netherlands

2005 2000

The milk market and the cheese market seem to be complementary. The

countries with a high milk consumption mostly have a relatively low cheese consumption

and vice versa. For Western Europe yoghurt consumption is also very

Austria

Poland

Portugal

Sweden

USA

Australia

New Zeeland

23

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