Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

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Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

24

relevant in dairy consumption. Finland, Sweden, the Netherlands and France are

the most important yoghurt consumers in the EU.

Figure 3.3 Milk consumption (in kg per head) in major EU and

benchmark countries

Consumption (kg/head)

160

140

120

100

80

60

40

20

0

EU-25

Belgium

Source: Dutch Dairy Board.

Denmark

Germany

Greece

Spain

France

Ireland

Italy

Netherlands

Austria

Poland

Portugal

Sweden

USA

Australia

2005 2000

Self-sufficiency

In self-sufficiency there are large differences between drinking milk and eating

cheese. For milk most countries have a self-sufficiency of near 100 (a score of

100 means self sufficient) while in cheese some countries are not self sufficient

while others are more than self sufficient.

Most EU countries had a higher self-sufficiency for cheese in 2005 than in

2000, except the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal and Sweden. The selfsufficiency

of New Zealand increased to more than 1,000 in 2005. This does

not mean, however, that New Zealand produces high quantities of cheese in relation

to European countries (see also table 4.2). The local consumption is very

low, which automatically leads to a higher self-sufficiency.

Within Europe the self-sufficiency of cheese is low in Greece, Belgium and

Spain. This is very remarkable, since cheese consumption is average and above

average in respectively Belgium and Greece. Spain has a relatively low cheese

consumption.

New Zeeland

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