Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

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Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

26

Ireland has the highest self-sufficiency in Europe, which is mainly to be explained

by the relatively low consumption in the home market. Denmark has also

increased production. The export of Denmark is mainly to Germany and to the

United Kingdom. In both markets growth has been realised in recent years.

The annual growth figures of the dairy industry and the food industry show

that the new EU-12 countries have the highest growth in real value added in the

dairy industry. In the southern European countries, except Portugal, the share of

dairy industry in the total food industry has decreased. However, in the new entrants

to the EU the share of the dairy industry in the food industry increased

above average. The United States show a small growth in relation to the EU and

Australia and Canada show respectively a small and a large decrease in the total

food industry.

Figure 3.5 Annual growth of the real value added of the dairy industry

in the total food industry

Australia

Canada

United States

EU25

EU10

Slovak republic

Slovenia

Poland

Malta

Latvia

Lithuania

Hungary

Estonia

Czech Republic

Cyprus

EU15

United Kingdom

Sweden

Finland

Portugal

Austria

Netherlands

Luxembourg

Italy

Ireland

France

Spain

Greece

Germany

Denmark

Belgium

Source: Eurostat.

growth share dairy

-10.00 -8.00 -6.00 -4.00 -2.00 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00

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