Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

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Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

54

Table 6.4 Four-firm sales concentration (CR4) in dairy processing

industry of five EU countries (Netherlands: CR3)

Country 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2004 2005

FR 40 37 38 39 40 40 40 40 43

DE 48 47 49 51 56 47 43 42 43

IT 15 14 14 13 13 12 12 12 12

NL 92 94 94 95 90 90 89 78 77

PL 64 64 61 26 24 24 23 25 27

Source: Eurostat SBS database.

Table 6.5 Mean firm size (€1,000) in different countries measured by

different variables a)

Variables FR DE IT NL PL UK

Operating 40,641

Revenue (106,833)

Employee 94

(260)

Total Asset 17,561

(47,791)

213,227

(293,907)

370

(630)

67,369

(79,510)

Added

5,704 23,232

Value (22,805) (28,893)

a) Numbers in bracket are standard deviations.

Source: Amadeus.

9,471

(17,514)

24

(38)

8,128

(15,501)

1,372

(4,204)

2,084,139

(1,675,960)

996

(2252)

92,121

(372,032)

272,146

(229,464)

21,240

(32,156)

215

(192)

8,934

(14,534)

3,173

(7,511)

210,231

(347,122)

870

(1,772)

119,760

(134,126)

45,569

(104,419)

are large by most standards because the sample includes large international

players such as Campina and Friesland. The second larger size is in UK where

the average total asset even surpasses the Netherlands. Italy has relatively

small firms.

The other important dimension is the change of the size of firms longitudinally

as measured by four different variables. This gives an idea whether the

size classes mean size is shrinking or growing over a ten-year span. Figure 6.2

shows the trend in size classes of enterprises. The numbers are indexed on the

base year 1996 and the actual numbers are presented in appendix 1 (table 4).

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