Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

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Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

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7 Competitiveness at country level

7.1 Business performance of the dairy industry in detail

In this section the dairy industry of the selected (groups of) countries is compared.

Table 7.1 Key characteristics of the dairy industry

Number of

enterprises

Production

value (€)

Value

added at

factor cost

(€)

EU15 EU25 USA Australia Canada

1999 2005 1999 2005 1999 2005 2001 2005 1997 2002

9,232 10,570 10,835 12,091 1,770 1,592 #N/A #N/A 243 436

93,030 10,1111 98,390 10,9452 57,914 47,136 5,256 5,769 5,556 6,537

15,158 16,249 16,085 17,568 17,519 2,0397 1,074 1,154 2,164 1,685

Purchases 87,742 95,049 93,082 103,168 40,455 41,618 3,274 4,057 6,203 5,661

Personnel

costs (€)

Number of

employees

Source: Eurostat.

9,545 9,937 10,140 10,681 4,120 4,273 490 625 613 522

294,528 261,530 403,843 35,0135 131,865 128,374 19,100 18,500 20,992 19,534

In all countries the employment in the dairy companies has decreased.

The number of companies has however increased in the southern European

countries, the new member states and in Canada. Given the low increase of

the production value, this indicates that these new entrants into the market are

mainly small companies.

The production value is lower than the purchases plus value added. Since

the production value is the turnover, plus or minus the changes in stock and

work in progress, this indicates that the stocks have increased. Since Europe

has a high level of production of cheese with a long shelf life, it is expected that

the deviations between purchases and value added and production value are

highest in these countries.

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