Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

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Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

Figure 7.1 Dairy production (butter, cheese, milk) in million kg

Canada

Australia

New Zealand

USA

Ger many

France

Italy

UK

Netherlands

Ireland

Sweden

Greece

Austria

EU 25

Source: Dutch Dairy Board.

0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 40000 45000 50000

Production (in mln kg)

2005 2000 1995

The production value is growing in the three largest dairy countries: Germany,

France and Italy. In the United Kingdom it has decreased, which is mainly

caused by a decrease in milk powder production (skimmed and non-skimmed)

and condensed milk. The production value has nearly doubled in Poland. This

country has surpassed the production value of Denmark and Belgium already

and is approaching the production value of the Netherlands.

On average the value added of the EU-25 has decreased, while the value

added of the EU-10 has increased. Since the export share of the EU-10 countries

has decreased, this means that EU-10 have shifted their production to high

value products. The decrease in value added of EU-25 is mainly caused by Ireland,

the United Kingdom en Slovenia. Lithuania, Cyprus and Austria are the

largest growers in value added.

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