Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

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Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

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Table 7.2 Top 10 European dairy companies by turnover (2004-2006)

Turnover (€ bn.)

2004 2005 2006

Nestlé 14.9 15.0 15.8

Lactalis n.a. n.a. 9.6

Danone 6.9 7.2 7.9

Arla Foods 6.4 6.2 6.1

Friesland Foods a) 4.4 4.4 4.7

Unilever 4.6 4.5 4.5

Campina b) 3.6 3.6 3.6

Parmalat n.a. n.a. 3.4

Bongrain 4.1 3.3 3.3

Müller 2,0 2.1 n.a.

Nordmilch 2.1 2.0 2.0

Sodiaal 1.9 2.0 2.0

Dairy Crest 1.8 1.9 2.0

a) Friesland Foods and Campina are merging in 2008. After the merger their total turnover will be €9.1 bn.

b) Ibid.

Source: Amadeus and annual reports.

Table 7.2 shows that the largest dairy companies in the EU dairy industry

are in the Western European countries except Parmalat in Italy. In comparison to

2004 most large dairy companies increased or maintained their turnover. Only

at Arla, Unilever, Bongrain and Nordmilch the turnover decreased. Bongrain

seems to have lost market share to medium-sized companies that have bundled

their activities, while Nordmilch seems to have lost market share to small entrants

into the market.

In Germany, Spain, Italy and the Netherlands the number of companies with

fewer than 20 employees increased between 1999 and 2005. In Belgium some

small companies seem to have expanded to 20 to 49 employees. In Spain and

the Netherlands the number of companies with between 50 and 250 employees

increased.

In Spain the number of large companies decreased, which could mean that

they have been competed out of the market by others. In the Netherlands the

growth of the number of medium-sized companies cannot be explained from the

figures. Perhaps they are mergers of some very small companies.

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