Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

Competitiveness of the EU dairy industry

The social accounting data were aggregated to 36 regions and 23 sectors

(see tables 8.2 and 8.3). The sectoral aggregation distinguishes agricultural

sectors that use land and sectors engaged in the Common Agricultural Policy

(CAP). The regional aggregation includes all EU-15 countries (with Belgium and

Luxembourg as one region) and all EU-10 countries (with Baltic regions aggregated

to one region and with Malta and Cyprus included in one region) and the

most important countries and regions outside the EU.

Table 8.3 Structure of Sectoral Aggregation in this study

No. Code Description No. Code Description

1 pdr Unprocessed and processed


13 vol Vegetable oil

2 wht Wheat 14 ofd Compound feed

3 grain Cereal grains nec 15 agro Other agr-food products a)

4 oils Oil seeds 16 frs Forestry

5 sug Sugar cane and beet 17 c_oil Crude oil

6 hort Vegetables, fruit, nuts 18 petro Petroleum products

7 crops Other crops 19 gas Natural gas

8 cattle Cattle, sheep, goats,


20 coa Coal

9 oap Animal products nec 21 ely Electricity

10 milk Raw milk 22 ind Other industries

11 dairy Dairy products 23 ser Services

12 sugar Sugar

Source: GTAP database, version 6.5.

The huge amount of results for different variables are presented in aggregated

form for the relevant economic indicators (production value, value added,

employment, trade) and indicators used to measure the competitiveness.

The selected indicators for quantifying the industry’s competitiveness are:

- annual growth in production volume of total food industry and for the dairy


- annual growth in real value added of the food industry including subsectors;

- annual growth in each food industry’s share of real value added compared

with growth in the total food industry;

- growth in the export share of food industries at world market;

- annual growth in terms of the Balassa Index.


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