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Martin Teichmann Atomes de lithium-6 ultra froids dans la ... - TEL

Martin Teichmann Atomes de lithium-6 ultra froids dans la ... - TEL

Martin Teichmann Atomes de lithium-6 ultra froids dans la ... -

École Normale Supérieure Laboratoire Kastler Brossel Département de Physique Thèse de Doctorat de l’Université Paris 6 Spécialité : Physique Quantique présentée par Martin Teichmann pour obtenir le grade de Docteur de l’Université Paris 6 Atomes de lithium-6 ultra froids dans la transition BEC-BCS : expériences et construction d’un montage expérimental Ultracold Lithium-6 Atoms in the BEC-BCS Crossover: Experiments and the Construction of a New Apparatus Soutenue le 27 septembre 2007 devant le jury composé de : Roland Combescot . . . . . . . . . Examinateur Frédédric Chevy . . . . . . . . . . . Examinateur Tilman Pfau . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examinateur Christian Miniatura . . . . . . . . Rapporteur Christoph Westbrook . . . . . . Rapporteur Christophe Salomon . . . . . . . Directeur de thèse

  • Page 2 and 3: Copyright c○ 2007 Martin Teichman
  • Page 4 and 5: CONTENTS 5 Experimental results 81
  • Page 6 and 7: CONTENTS into our fight agains brea
  • Page 8 and 9: CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION research, w
  • Page 10 and 11: CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION crossover f
  • Page 12 and 13: CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION to perform
  • Page 14 and 15: CHAPTER 2. THEORY chose Li because
  • Page 16 and 17: CHAPTER 2. THEORY 2.2.1 The station
  • Page 18 and 19: CHAPTER 2. THEORY a shape resonance
  • Page 20 and 21: CHAPTER 2. THEORY Secondly, before
  • Page 22 and 23: CHAPTER 2. THEORY e ne rgy sh ift /
  • Page 24 and 25: CHAPTER 2. THEORY by Fano [54], and
  • Page 26 and 27: CHAPTER 2. THEORY U E c close d ch
  • Page 28 and 29: CHAPTER 2. THEORY resonance r0/a0 B
  • Page 30 and 31: CHAPTER 2. THEORY 2.4 BCS theory Wh
  • Page 32 and 33: CHAPTER 2. THEORY � k ′ Uk,k
  • Page 34 and 35: CHAPTER 2. THEORY chemical potentia
  • Page 36 and 37: CHAPTER 2. THEORY F F = E ¢ or E =
  • Page 38 and 39: CHAPTER 2. THEORY F T = T 0.25 0.20
  • Page 40 and 41: CHAPTER 2. THEORY [76] to β = −0
  • Page 42 and 43: CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP 3.1 T
  • Page 44 and 45: CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP our n
  • Page 46 and 47: CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP 3 ¡
  • Page 48 and 49: CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP m ast
  • Page 50 and 51: CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP speci
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    CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP M O T

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    CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP 3.4 T

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    CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP curre

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    CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP RIN i

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    CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP In 10

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    CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP e ne

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    CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP e ne

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    CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP B / m

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    CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP Figur

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    CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP Figur

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    CHAPTER 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP 72

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    CHAPTER 4. DATA ANALYSIS In order t

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    CHAPTER 4. DATA ANALYSIS broader di

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    CHAPTER 4. DATA ANALYSIS the one-di

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    CHAPTER 4. DATA ANALYSIS In total,

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS If

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS clo

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS n(

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS Whi

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS n(

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS sys

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS num

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS Γ/

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS F E

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS 5.1

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS whe

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS ell

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS Ell

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS U w

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS str

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS m a

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS Pin

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS 5.6

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS sim

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    CHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS acc

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    CHAPTER 6. CONCLUSIONS Stable molec

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    CHAPTER 6. CONCLUSIONS 124

  • Page 126 and 127:

    VOLUME 93, NUMBER 5 Experimental St

  • Page 128 and 129:

    VOLUME 93, NUMBER 5 agreement with

  • Page 130 and 131:

    A.2 P-wave Feshbach resonances of u

  • Page 132 and 133:

    ZHANG et al. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 70,

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    ZHANG et al. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 70,

  • Page 136 and 137:

    Expansion of a lithium gas in the B

  • Page 138 and 139:

    ��� � ��� ��

  • Page 140 and 141:

    (mf1, mf2) Bth G Bexp G K cm 3 ·

  • Page 142 and 143:

    A.4 Resonant scattering properties

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    CHEVY et al. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 71,

  • Page 146 and 147:

    CHEVY et al. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 71,

  • Page 148 and 149:

    CHEVY et al. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 71,

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    CHEVY et al. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 71,

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    Expansion of a lithium gas in the B

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    Expansion of a lithium gas in the B

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    Expansion of a lithium gas in the B

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    Expansion of a lithium gas in the B

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    Expansion of a lithium gas in the B

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    162

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    APPENDIX B. BIBLIOGRAPHY [13] B. DE

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    APPENDIX B. BIBLIOGRAPHY [46] H. A.

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    APPENDIX B. BIBLIOGRAPHY [80] J. H.

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    APPENDIX B. BIBLIOGRAPHY [115] C. L

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    APPENDIX B. BIBLIOGRAPHY [148] K. W

  • Page 174:

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