BrazilTourism - Embassy of Brazil in London

brazil.org.uk

BrazilTourism - Embassy of Brazil in London

BrazilTourism


Three Alfredo Ceschiatti angel sculptures suspended by steel cables in the nave of the 1970

modernist Cathedral of Brasília designed by Oscar Niemeyer, a hyperboloid structure made

from 16 curved concrete columns and colourful fiber glass tiles creating diaphanous light

effects – a landmark of Brazilian architecture, engineering and art.


A Warm Welcome to Brazil

Whether you are a conventional

traveller or not, we warmly welcome

you to discover, enjoy and explore a

vast array of sites and experiences that

only Brazil can offer.

In Brazil, you will enjoy endless sunny

days and fine starry nights travelling

along 4.655 miles of magnificent

coastline, where emerald blue waters

merge with golden and white sandy

beaches. Some of the most thrilling

seaside cities and amazing islands are

located on the coast: Rio de Janeiro,

Salvador, Fernando de Noronha and

Florianópolis, for example.

Brasília, inaugurated in 1960, is the

only 20th century city that was

accorded World Heritage Site status.

Other heritage sites in Brazil worth

visiting are Ouro Preto, Olinda and

many more.

Numerous gigantic parks mirror the

Brazilian commitment to preserving

primeval and unique biodiversity. For

unforgettable sights, sounds and tastes,

visit the Amazon, Pantanal, Atlantic

Ridge forest, breathtaking waterfalls

such as Foz do Iguaçu, Sertão, lakes,

mountain peaks, canyons, magical

caverns...

Happiness is consistently practiced by

Brazilians, warm and welcoming

people, that enjoy life valuing

education, work and leisure.

A brief A-Z section with some key

facts and figures appears at the end of

this publication.

BRAZIL LOOKS FORWARD TO

WELCOMING YOU!

CONTENTS

4 The south-east

15 The south

20 The centre-west

26 The north-east

34 The north

38 Carnaval

40 Calendar of Events

42 Brazil A to Z

48 Tourist Boards, Convention

& Visitor Bureaux

50 Facts and Figures

Published by the Tourist Office

of the embassy of Brazil in London

www.brazil.org.uk

Ambassador: H.E. Roberto Jaguaribe

head of Investment, Trade and Innovation:

Minister Rodrigo de Azeredo Santos

head of the Commercial Section:

Secretary Daniel Costa Fernandes

editor: Secretary Igor Germano

Text: Nadia Kerecuk

Art Director: J M Alkmim

Production: Tom Falcão and VirgÍlio Guimarães

Print: MPress(Sales)Ltd

Acknowledgments: Brazilian Tourist Office UK & Ireland,

Embratur (Brazilian Tourist Board), and all state tourism

authorities in Brazil

© Tourist Office of the Embassy of Brazil in London 2011

All rights reserved

Picture Credits: Acervo Adrenalina, Alexandre Diniz, Alexandre Campbell, Agência Reuters, AMAZONASTOUR/Ribamar O Caboclo, André

Stefano, Antônio Melcop, Brasil Central, BRASILIATUR, Breno Laprovitera, Carlito Ferreira, Christian Knepper /EMBRATUR, EMBRATUR,

Editora Peixes/EMBRATUR, EMPETUR, Foz do Iguaçu Destino do Mundo, Guilhermo Novolisio, Ivaldo Cavalcante, Jota Freitas/BAHIATURSA,

Local Foto/SETURCE, Luis Olarte, Maps originated by Oxford Cartographers, Marcus Hirakawa, Markito, Maurício Correia, Maurício

Moreira, Maurício Simonetti, PARATUR, Paranatur, Pavel Chernec, Pedro Paulo Capellossi, Plínio Bordin, Renata Victor, Ricardo Ribas, Rico,

Rio CVB/ Jean Jacques Limbourg, Rio CVB/ Marluce Balbino, Rio CVB/Pedro Gama, RIOTUR/ Pedro Kirilos, Riotur/ Ricardo Zerrenner, Roald

Andretta / Loba do Mar / Embratur, Roberto Werner, Rogério Monteiro, SANTUR -Secretaria de Turismo de Santa Catarina, São Paulo

Turismo, Sec/AM, SEDTUR – Secretaria de Desenvolvimento do Turismo de Mato Grosso/Agência Phocus, Sérgio Mourão/SETUR –

Secretaria de Turismo de Minas Gerais, SETURCE, Werner Zotz, Washington Siqueira.

3


The south-east

Rio de Janeiro


IPANemA beach is one of the most vibrant

neighbourhoods in rio and a prime location

for hotels and entertainment in the city

that will be hosting the 2014 World Cup

and 2016 Olympic Games.


Rio de Janeiro means

endless possibilities

to be enjoyed and

indulged at any time in the

year. Copacabana, one of the

most famous urban beaches

in the world, a three-mile

stretch featuring the

hallmark Burle Marx

promenade, stylish hotels,

eateries and amazing

attractions. It is also home to

massive celebrations on New

Year’s Eve. A visit to the

extensive Botanical Gardens

starting from its postcard

view of the Barbosa

Rodrigues Alley (named after

its director and botanist)

created in 1808 by the King

Dom João VI at the time of

the United Kingdom of

Portugal, Brazil and Algarves,

offers a fascinating collection

of more than 7,000 species

of tropical plants (2). A ride

in Santa Teresa’s old tram -

“bondinho” is excellent and

inexpensive way of seeing

some amazing views of the

city including the 18th

century Carioca Aqueduct

with its amazing arches in

the Lapa district. Also, go

there to enjoy vibrant

nightlife and excellent

Brazilian music (3). The

iconic event is the top

Samba Schools Parade at

Carnaval along the

‘Passarela do Samba’ or

‘Sambódromo’ (4). A must is

a cable car ride to the peak

of the Sugar Loaf (1,300

ft/396 m) for breathtaking

and unforgettable views of

Guanabara Bay, Copacabana,

Ipanema, Christ the

Redeemer on Corcovado and

Tijuca Forest (5). Experience

beach volley or ‘futevolei’ (a

kind of volleyball played with

the foot) as the natives do

on the pristine white sandy

beaches (6). You will

certainly be delighted with

whatever you choose to do.

6


2

4 5

6

6

7

3


Ouro Preto

8


Ouro Preto is one of the

largest splendid Baroque

sites in the world and one

of the ten UNESCO Cultural World

Heritage sites in Brazil.

A 17th century historic town in

Minas Gerais, named ‘Black Gold’

on account of the smudged gold

nuggets found at the foot of the

surrounding mountains and rivers.

Founded as a hamlet in 1698, Vila

Rica de Ouro Preto attracted many

adventurers transforming it into a

gold rush centre.

As the town became prosperous,

numerous magnificent churches,

cathedrals and fountains were built

in the colonial baroque style with

lavishly decorated church interiors

in gold and other opulent adornments.

This attracted and produced

many exceptional baroque artists

and craftsmen, writers and

musicians. Aleijadinho (‘The Little

Cripple’, Antonio Francisco Lisboa

c.1730-1814) a sculptor and

architect that created unique

sculptures in soap stone or wood

and designed St. Francis of Assisi

Church in Ouro Preto. Master

Ataíde (Manuel da Costa Ataíde,

1762-1830) a painter and gilder

decorated various churches domes

and left many followers.

Cobblestone streets along with

the colonial squares lined with 18th

century houses have been

converted into restaurants, shops,

hotels retaining their original

features.

FOUNDeD in 1698, Ouro Preto in the

State of minas Gerais, is one of the

greatest homogeneous Baroque sites in

the world.

9


Other beautiful

colonial cities near

Ouro Preto are

Diamantina, Congonhas

(UNESCO World Heritage

sites), Mariana, Tiradentes

and São João Del Rei. These

towns can be easily reached

from Belo Horizonte, the

capital of the State.

The Church of Bom Jesus

de Matosinhos (above) in

the city of Congonhas dates

back to 1771 and is a

unique and superb example

of Brazilian baroque. The

whitewashed church built

on the top of a hill is

famous for its unique

10

soapstone Twelve Prophets

by Aleijadinho and six

chapels, where you will be

able to see his series of

Passion Sculptures in wood.

The 18th century Church

of Saint Francis of Assisi

(left) in the historic town of

Mariana, similarly to other

churches of the Brazilian

baroque period, has a

magnificent painted ceiling

by Master Ataíde. His use of

both perspective and blue

colour especially for the

background are singular

and create a superlative

effect. Built in 1774, the

main church in the town of

São João Del-Rei (right),

dedicated to St. Francis of

Assisi, is regarded as one of

the jewels in the crown of

Brazilian Baroque

architecture, with its

unusual curved façade set

in a square lined with

towering palm trees.


Along the southeastern

coast, a

plethora of amazing

beaches, islands and

historic cities offer unique

options for the traveller.

Conceição da Barra (1)

dating back to 1554, is a

beautiful city in Espírito

Santo featuring splendid

colonial buildings. The

historic city of Paraty (2) in

Rio de Janeiro State,

closest to the Tropic of

Capricorn and inhabited

since 1533, hosts the

famous Paraty

International Literary

Festival (FLIP) and Ilhabela

(3) close to the São Paulo

State coast - an archipelago

inhabited since 1502 is

perfect for sailing and

diving. (4) Niterói, founded

in 1573, combines history

with modernity – it is the

home to Oscar Niemeyer’s

landmark Contemporary

Art Museum.

PrAIA DA eNSeADA in Ubatuba, the surf capital city of São

Paulo within the Tropic of Capricorn. Ubatuba has 75 pristine

beaches offering sea sports and many natural attractions.

1

3 4

2

11


Founded in 1554, a

modern and fascinating

megalopolis, wealthiest

city in Brazil, leading

international financial and

commercial centre. Various

immigrants settled there

transforming it into a vibrant

multi-cultural city with

unrivalled artistic, musical,

educational and gastronomic

choices. These include Sala

São Paulo, an exquisite

concert hall, Portuguese

Language Museum, the

12

São Paulo

public state-of-art São Paulo

Library, Octavio Frias de

oilveira Bridge (right) - the

world’s first X-shaped cable

stayed bridge, Ibirapuera

Park, Avenida Paulista

(below, left) with numerous

global companies, shops,

restaurants in very high rise

buildings as well as the São

Paulo Modern Art Museum

(MASP). A view of MASP

and the St. Silvester Road

Race on 31st December

(below, right).


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One city is a world architectural

heritage site and the other

internationally known as

the marvellous City.

Brazil: a sensational country.

Brasília, the capital of Brazil, a totally

planned city, is a global standard for urbanism.

Rio de Janeiro did not get its title only

because of its undisputed natural beauty.

Many regard it as a place that exudes national culture.

On your next vacation, be prepared to get acquainted

with Rio and other Brazilian cities brandishing

diversified cultural scenes

www.braziltour.com


The south

Florianópolis

Capital of Santa

Catarina,

Florianópolis is a

cosmopolitan wealthy city

located on a large island

connected to the continent

by three bridges - a tourist

hotspot with 42 fabulous

white sandy beaches such

as Jurerê, Brava and

Ingleses. The latter

preserves the Azorian

features of its colonizers.

Joaquina is an international

surfing centre: waves are

superb. The rolling hills

with the Atlantic forest and

various smaller islands

make it exceptionally

attractive. Traditional

fishing villages stock the

excellent restaurants. A

true paradise with world

class entertainment.

15


Foz do Iguaçu

The Iguaçu Falls are one of the

great natural wonders of the

world in the state of Paraná

bordering with Argentina and

Paraguay. There are 275 waterfalls

that stretch 1.8 miles across the

Iguaçu River and the highest is 97

metres (319 ft, five times larger than

Niagara). The very impressive Devil’s

Throat, is the largest waterfall in the

world in terms of volume of water

per second.

The falls are an unforgettable

spectacle at any time of the year and

can be viewed from both the Brazilian

and Argentinian banks of the river,

from boat trips at the bottom of the

falls or from a helicopter. The

Brazilian viewing area is located in a

National Park that covers a 49.200 ha.

area located both in Brazil and

Argentina, which has five types of

forest and bio-systems in a single

place designated a World Heritage

Site by UNESCO in 1986. Parque das

Aves is a very special environmental

bird aviary in the forest with 900

birds of 150 species, a butterfly

sanctuary and reptiles and wildlife

areas. The Itaipu Dam nearby can

also be visited. Guardian readers

recently voted Foz do Iguaçu as their

favourite overseas attraction.


The South has a variety of superb tourist attractions.

Outstanding beaches can be enjoyed both north

and south of Florianópolis. In the state of Paraná:

Ilha do Mel (1), an ecological paradise island with

wonderful beaches, trails, an old Dutch fortress, no cars

and excellent waves for surfers. Curitiba (2), the capital

city, UN 1992 ecological city, famous for its urban planning

and public transport system with 25 large urban parks.

18

1

3 4

5 6

Vila Velha Park (3) features intriguing sandstone

formations that were at the bottom of an ocean 600

million years ago. Rio Grande do Sul is home to the ruins

of São Miguel das Missões (4), a Jesuit mission founded in

1632, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Also the gorgeous

Torres beach (5) should not be missed and the vibrant

capital, Porto Alegre (6), lying at the confluence of five

rivers with its colonial buildings and Botanical Gardens.

2


eCOTOUrISm enjoyed on horseback - excellent to learn about the local

‘gaucho’ (= resident of rio Grande do Sul) culture in its pampas or in the

mountains: Venancios Waterfalls near the town of Jaquirana situated in

rolling hills, where magnificent Brazilian Araucaria (Angustifolia) trees can

be appreciated with spectacular views of the Atlantic mountain ridge.


20

The centre-west

Brasília


Brasília, the new

capital of Brazil,

which succeeded

Rio de Janeiro, celebrated

50 years in 2010. The idea

of a capital in the centre of

Brazil was nurtured since

early 19th century.

President Jucelino

Kubitschek made the

momentous decision to

build the new federal

capital, which was built in

less than three years.

Lúcio Costa’s Pilot Plan,

with its characteristic bird

layout, won the

competition for the new

capital plan. Oscar

Niemeyer designed the

main buildings and

Roberto Burle Marx the

gardens.

Divided into north and

south sections by the

Monumental Axis with

designated social activity

areas, it was hailed as a

futuristic paradigm with its

avant-garde architecture.

Brasília is the only 20thcentury

city with the

UNESCO World Heritage

Site status.

The TV Tower offers a

spectacular view of the

city. The Cathedral (left), a

hyperboloid structure

with its 16 curved

concrete pillars, coloured

glass panels is an iconic

example of Oscar

Niemeyer’s architecture

and calculations of

engineer Joaquim

Cardozo. The National

Congress Building in the

Three Powers Square and

the surrounding

ministries, the Planalto

Palace (below) and

Supreme Federal Court,

Alvorada Palace, the

Palace of Justice and the

Itamaraty Palace, Foreign

Ministry, with its notable

first floor garden and the

Paranoa’s Lake symbolize

modernity and power of

Brazil.

The National Museum of

the Republic (left, below)

next to the famous

Cathedral is the latest

Niemeyer’s work in the

city, inaugurated in 2006.

21


The city of Bonito (‘beautiful’),

surrounded by natural conservation

areas, is located 206 miles from Campo

Grande, the capital of the State of Mato

Grosso do Sul in the centre-west. The region

has calcium bedrocks that produce crystal

clear water in its waterfalls, springs, lagoons

and caverns with deep blue lakes and crystal

clear rivers. Aquatic life is truly stunning in

Bonito's pools. In the Aquário Natural

(Natural Aquarium), visitors can go diving or

snorkelling and have a close view of scores of

colourful tropical fish.

Many sports activities can be enjoyed

there: snorkelling, swimming in clear rivers

surrounded by thick jungle and its beautiful

plants and sub-aquatic vegetation. Other

popular nature-related activities are hiking,

biking and rafting and rope challenge courses.

22

Bonito & Pantanal


The Pantanal is the world’s largest wetland area with

the greatest number of animal species in the

Western Hemisphere, located in the states of Mato

Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul (also parts of Bolivia and

Paraguay). It is a gigantic ecosystem home to a large

number of birds species as the jabiru, the tallest flying

bird found in South America (above), reptiles as the

caiman (below), fish and invertebrates, all spread out in

forests, meadows and grasslands.

Nearly 80% of the Pantanal floodplains are submerged

during the rainy seasons. The region is known as one of

the best places in the world for fishing and bird watching.

Other adventurous exploits: fishing for piranhas amongst

caimans, boat trips, watching the alligators and other

animals on the river and even herding cattle on

horseback.

23


VISIT the stunning 500 million-year old rock

formations at the Guimarães Plateau (Chapada dos

Guimarães) in the highlands of mato Grosso, where

you can also see large waterfalls and numerous

animals and plants. Chapada dos Veadeiros, in the

State of Goiás, near Brasília, is a similar plateau

worth including in your itinerary.


The north-east

Salvador

A NICe view of the Baía de Todos os

Santos (Bay of All Saints) from the art

deco elevador Lacerda, a lift connecting

the Upper and the Lower City, one of

Salvador’s most popular attractions.


5

3 4

Salvador, capital of the State

of Bahia, is steeped in

history: not only was it the

first large city in Brazil, but also

the capital of the Portuguese

crown in the Americas from 1549

to 1763, and the most important

port in the southern hemisphere

until the 18th century.

Closely associated with Afro-

Brazilian culture and reflecting a

unique blend of European, African

and Amerindian cultures, its

attractions include a vibrant music

scene, which gave birth to

capoiera - a local mixture of dance

and martial arts, delightful

colonial architecture, delicious

cuisine and wonderful local

people (5). Because of its historic

importance and features such as

the cobblestone streets lined with

17th and 18th century palaces

and Baroque churches in the area

of Pelourinho (4), it was granted

the UNESCO World Heritage Site

designation. Pelourinho, the place

where slaves used to be flogged

publicly in the past, has become a

mandatory site for tourism,

culture and celebrations, housing

a large number of Carnival groups,

such as ‘Bloco Pierrot’ (2),

pictured here in the Largo do

Cruzeiro.

While many of the best beaches

on the stunning Bahian coastline

lie within a couple of hours' drive,

the city itself also boasts Praia da

Barra (3), recently voted one of

best ten beaches in the world by

The Guardian (2009).

2

27


One of the world’s most beautiful

ecologic sanctuaries, the 21-island

archipelago of Fernando de Noronha

is a wonderful place to relax and to enjoy

nature. It is listed by UNESCO as a Natural

World Heritage site. This well preserved

paradise allows no more than 450 tourists at

a time, since 2/3 of the main island are part

of a National Marine Reserve. There are

flights connecting the main island to the cities

of Natal (225 miles) and Recife (337 miles).

Most tourists stay in simple pousadas

owned by locals and there are a few

restaurants in the main island. It is possible to

walk to many beaches and attractions from

the centre, but there are taxis and buses

available and also the possibility of renting a

buggy for a day. Most of the archipelago is

protected as an ecological reserve, and

visitors must pay an ‘ecological tax’ as a

contribution towards conservation work.

The archipelago was officially discovered by

Americo Vespucci in 1503 and was occupied

by French, Dutch and Portuguese, who built

forts on strategic spots. Charles Darwin,

visited the main island in February 1832 .

28

Fernando de Noronha


The mAIN island is home to some of the most

beautiful beaches in Brazil, such as Baía dos

Porcos, with its Two Brother rocks (left), and

Conceição (below). Crystal clear blue water at an

average temperature of 28 0 C (82 0 F) allows

visibility of up to 50 meters (a must for divers

and snorkelers). The fascinating marine-life

includes sea turtles, sharks, spinner dolphins,

albatrosses and rare fish. A myriad of options:

watching dolphins, surfing, swimming, trekking,

boat tours and sun bathing.

29


Tropical splendour


SUN, palm trees, sandy beaches, dunes, lakes and islands

and emerald blue sea are the norm in the Northeast in

Brazil. Lagoinha Beach, in Ceará, pictured here, is one of

such realms of splendour and bliss.


(Top left) Chapada Diamantina with amazing waterfalls nested amongst very high mountains near the city of Lençóis, 430km from Salvador.

(Top right) maracatu, in Pernambuco: some 100 drummers, a singer, dancers and stock characters perform a unique parade – manifestation of

north-eastern folk culture. (Botton left) The northeast has an abundance of delectable fragrant tropical fruits, as the cashew apple, for example

(cashew nuts come from it). (Botton right) ‘Jangadeiros’ - local fishermen in ‘jangadas’ - traditional wooden watercrafts with triangular sails.

32


The North-east of Brazil offers

unforgettable views, tastes and

impressions. The coast is

pinpointed with colonial cities

bearing the marks of the colonizers

and others, thriving modern cities,

amazing beaches, the hinterland

with its unique sertão and a rich

cultural heritage.

Lençóis Maranhenses National

Park, in Maranhão, a fabulous

natural attraction in Brazil (top), with

a stunning sweep of white sand

dunes just outside the Amazon basin

with crystalline blue fresh water

lagoons that form after the rainfall

season and sustain many fish.

Ponta Negra Beach in Natal

(above left) is one of the most

appreciated beaches that has a

huge dune covered with vegetation

– Morro do Careca as can be seen

in the left hand corner of the

photograph. Natal is the capital of

Rio Grande do Norte, a large

thriving city, with delightful local

seafood cuisine, lavish breakfasts

with local fruit juices and delicious

sweets and cakes.

Porto de Galinhas (above right),

60km south of Recife in Pernambuco,

is one of the most popular tourist

destinations with ten stunning

beaches and sun all year round.

Transluscent pools with tepid

emerald-green waters filled with

scores of coulourful fish, a perfect

place to swim. In the evening, it

becomes a gastronomic paradise

with unique local dishes made with

the freshest seafood. Gourmets can

enjoy their meals at the sound of

local Brazilian music and breathtaking

views of the seashore.

33


34

The north

The Amazon

The Amazon, the

world’s largest tropical

rain forest, covers

most of the north of Brazil. It

has had a universal appeal

through the ages - a dream

that thousands of tourists

come to fulfil every year by


navigating its gigantic rivers in an attempt to

unravel its enticing beauty and appreciating

its unique biodiversity. The cities of Belém

and Manaus are traditional gateways

offering a profusion of opportunities to get

acquainted with the flora and fauna of the

Amazonas as well as the way of life of its

people along with their rich cultural heritage.

4

eXTrAOrDINArY fauna: the squirrel

monkey and the friendly pink dolphin

(opposite page); and on this page - the

Brazilian gold frog perhaps the smallest

frog in the world - adults measure 9.8 mm

or 0.4 inch, the cock-of-the-rock bird, black

spider monkeys relaxing in a hammock and

the beautiful and feared jaguar.


36

A LArGe number of indigenous tribes live in the

Amazon. In remote areas of the jungle, a few

tribes have not had formal contact with the

outer world.

Teatro Amazonas located in the

heart of Manaus (left) is a Belle

Époque opera theatre built at the

height of the rubber boom in Brazil

with the aim of making Manaus a

centre of civilization. Built in a short

time with imported materials from

Europe: Carrara marble, steel, Murano

glass, roof tiles and interior

decorations, with the first Opera

Season in 1897, held now in April and

May (670 seats). Teatro da Paz in

Belém (below) built in the same period

in neoclassical style features an

impressive luxurious interior with

outstanding paintings.


PArINTINS, a city 230 miles from

manaus, hosts the Boi Bumbá

folklore festival in late June, as

significant as Carnaval in rio in

terms of colour and size. Two

groups, Garantido (in red) and

Caprichoso (in blue) compete inside

an arena in front of 35,000

spectators: an unforgettable blend

of drama, dance and music.


38

Carnaval


CArNAVAL is pure fun and joy throughout Brazil. rio de

Janeiro hosts the famous parade along the ‘Sambodrome’

(opposite and 4). Salvador offers a street party with

legendary Trios Elétricos - live music on lorries fitted with high

power sound and Afro-Brazilian notable groups as Afoxé

Filhos de Gandy (2). Olinda, close to recife, has vibrant

celebrations, with local groups parading with their giant

puppets (3). São Paulo’s parade of local samba schools is on

par with that of rio. Join in the dancing and cheerfulness just

anywhere in Brazil along with samba schools, Trios Elétricos,

parades and club parties.

2

3

4

39


January

New Year’s Celebrations: ‘Reveillon’ is what

Brazilians call New Year’s Eve celebration. Brazil

welcomes the New Year with fireworks,

champagne, music, delicious food and great

parties. Copacabana beach in Rio de Janeiro has

one of the most spectacular parties in the world

attracting over 2 million revellers with live

concerts, dances, African traditions and a lavish

display of fireworks at midnight. The party

continues on New Year’s Day.

Procissão dos Navegantes (New Year’s Day): The

Navigators’ Parade is a celebration in which

hundreds of fishing boats follow a ship that carries

images of Our Lady of Navigators or Our Lord of

Navigators in Salvador, Angra dos Reis and

elsewhere along the Brazilian coast. This is often

combined with celebrations of Yemanjá, the

Goddess of the Seas, an Afro-Brazilian religious

syncretism.

Washing of the Steps of Our Lord of the Good end

(Lavagem do Bonfim) 2nd Thursday in Salvador:

Since 1773, the ceremony of washing the steps of

the Church of Bonfim is performed by hundreds of

women in traditional Bahian dress with many

other faithful that ascend the sacred hill of the

Church of Bonfim after an eight-kilometre

procession that starts at the gothic Church of

Conceição da Praia (1623) in Salvador.

São Paulo Fashion Week (mid January). Featuring

top Brazilian models and fashion designers is a

showcase of Brazilian creativity and innovation.

February

Festa do rio Vermelho (2nd Feb) in Salvador: In

1920’s, a group of fishermen started a tradition

of a boat procession departing from beach of the

Rio Vermelho district carrying offerings to

Yemanjá, the Goddess of the Sea, in form of

flowers, perfumes and lights accompanied by

Afro-Brazilian music.

40

Calendar of Events

NEW YEAR’S EVE celebration on

Copacabana beach, Rio de Janeiro.

Carnaval in São Paulo

Easter Week Celebrations in Ouro Preto

Carnaval is a movable event throughout Brazil that

begins on the weekend before Ash Wednesday and

finishes on morning of Ash Wednesday. Date for

the next few years: 2011: 04-09 March; 2012: 17-

22 February; 2013: 09-13 February; 2014: 01-04

March. For details see carnaval on page 44.

march

Carnaval - Movable event.

easter Week – Celebrations throughout Brazil with

Passion Plays in open air theatres – the largest of

which is in Nova Jerusalém near Recife and in

many historic towns in the State of Minas Gerais

with processions, Maundy Thursday washing of the

feet, Good Friday ceremony of the Stages of the

Cross and concerts.


Bumba-meu-boi folk festival in São Luís

April

easter Week – Movable event.

International hot-Air Balloon festival (late Apr) in

Torres, State of Rio Grande do Sul: The largest

annual event of the kind in Latin America in the

seaside town of Torres, which attracts many

spectators and includes a parachute display, zoo,

rodeo competition and fireworks display.

manaus Opera Festival – season starts in April and

continues into May at the historic Teatro

Amazonas built at the peak of rubber boom in

Brazil and immortalized in Werner Herzog's film

Fitzcarraldo (670 seats).

may

The Feast of the holy Ghost - Festa do Divino

Espírito Santo (moveable - 45 days after Easter):

Colourful celebrations in which mock battles

between Christians and Moors are staged – the

towns of Pirenópolis in the State of Goiás and

Alcântara in Maranhão offer particularly

exceptional shows.

June

Festas Juninas: June folklore festivities celebrating

St. Anthony (13th), St. John (24th) and St. Peter

(29th) across Brazil: Party-goers dress up as

country folk and celebrate with music and square

dance, bonfires, paper hot air balloons, mulled

wine (quentão) and traditional food. In Caruaru in

the State of Pernambuco and Campina Grande in

Paraíba, St John is particularly revered with

massive popular dance festivals, they become true

capitals of forró.

Festa do Bumba-meu-boi (June) in São Luís,

Maranhão: A traditional folk festival and colourful

celebration, in which skilled performers enact the

The Feast of the holy Ghost in Pirenópolis

story of the death and resurrection of an ox with

improvised songs/poems in a danced parade. It

refers to a legend in which fragility of man is

contrasted with the brute force of the ox in life.

Festa do Boi Bumbá (late Jun) in Parintins (State of

Amazonas): Famous celebration in Amazonas,

comparable to Rio’s Carnival in colour and size, in

which two groups, Garantido (in red) and

Caprichoso (in blue) compete inside an arena with

35,000 seats. A combination of a theatrical show,

dance and music.

São Paulo’s Gay Parade. (early Jun): The GLBT

Parade is one of the biggest events of its kind in

the world.

July

Festival de Inverno (Winter Festival) in Campos do

Jordão in the state of São Paulo: One of the most

important festivals of classical music in Latin

America.

International dance festival in Joinville, State of

Santa Catarina: From classical ballet to jazz and

folk, dance performances, workshops and

competitions in one of the world’s largest dance

festivals.

Festa Literária Internacional de Paraty (FLIP). The

Paraty International Literary Festival became a

prestigious international literary gathering in the

historic city of Paraty in Rio de Janeiro. It offers a

versatile programme of lectures, plays, meetings

and concerts (dates may vary).

Ilhabela Sailing Week (3rd week) in Ilhabela, an

island off the coast of the state of São Paulo: hosts

the largest sailing event in Brazil an obligatory

destination for Yatchies.

August

Sertões International rally/rally dos Sertões (late

Jul and Aug) A 10-day motor-sport event in which

race car drivers in cars, trucks and motorcycles

take part in the rally through rough countryside in

Brazil along a stretch of 2,796 miles (4,500 km).

Gramado Film Festival in the city of Gramado in

the state of Rio Grande do Sul: The most important

annual film awards event in Brazil, with the best of

Brazilian and Latin American cinema.

Pinga Festival in Paraty, State of Rio de Janeiro:

‘Pinga’ is a popular name for the traditional

cachaça. The festival has Cachaça tasting, musical

concerts and regional food.

Festa do Peão Boiadeiro in Barretos, State of São

Paulo - One of the world’s largest rodeo events

attracting one million visitors every year.

International Festival of Culture and Gastronomy

in Tiradentes, State of Minas Gerais: Every year,

the historic town of Tiradentes hosts a 10-day

gastronomic event with international chefs,

workshops and exhibitions in restaurants and

public squares.

September

Flower Show/expoflora in Holambra, State of São

Paulo: Expoflora is one of the largest flower and

ornamental plant shows in Latin America, held

every September in Holambra, a small town

founded by Dutch immigrants soon after the end

of World War II.

International Fishing Festival (FIP) in Cáceres,

State of Mato Grosso: The largest fishing

tournament in the world, according to the

Guinness Book of Records, with more than 1,500

June folklore festivities in Boa Vista

competitors and around 200,000 visitors. It is also

a showcase of Pantanal culture, with arts and

crafts fairs, music, folk dancing and local cuisine.

October

Oktoberfest in Blumenau, State of Santa Catarina:

Traditional street party second only to Munich

celebrating German culture with music, food,

parties and lots of Brazilian beer.

Círio de Nazaré in Belém, State of Pará (second

Sunday): One of the world’s largest celebrations

honouring Virgin Mary (the Virgin of Nazaré is the

patron saint of Pará) with more than one million

pilgrims arriving in Belém for this celebration.

São Paulo International Film Festival in the city of

São Paulo: With around 350 selected films from

more than 50 countries, every year the festival

attracts the best of the Brazilian film industry,

directors from around the world and a legion of

cinema lovers.

São Paulo Art Biennial (Oct-Dec, even years):

Traditional display of modern art from around the

world in a large pavilion at Ibirapuera Park, São

Paulo.

Formula 1 Grand Prix in Interlagos, São Paulo.

November

Brazilian Formula 1 Grand Prix in Interlagos, State

of São Paulo: Venue of the Formula 1 Grand Prix

regarded as one of the most atmospheric circuits

with enthusiastic Brazilian fans, usually hosting the

final round of the F1 season. (dates may vary)

December

Festa de Santa Bárbara in Salvador, Bahia: A

popular three-day Afro-Brazilian religious

ceremony through the streets of the historic

centre of Salvador around the image of Saint

Barbara (Goddess Yansã in Candomblé).

São Silvestre race in São Paulo: On 31st

December, professional and amateur runners run

through the streets of São Paulo in a 9-mile (15

km) traditional marathon.

41


A to Z

AIr TrAVeL

There are flights to Brazil from all

continents. A number of budget

airlines operate in Brazil.

Passengers with an international

ticket can take advantage of the

AIRPASS system. (See entry below)

Major hubs serving the Brazilian

regions:

• São Paulo (south-east) -

Guarulhos International Airport

(GRU)

• Rio de Janeiro (south-east) -

Galeão- Antônio Carlos Jobim

International Airport (GIG)

• Porto Alegre (south) - Salgado

Filho International Airport (POA)

• Curitiba (south) - Afonso Pena

International Airport (CWB)

• Brasília (centre-west)- Juscelino

Kubitschek International Airport

(BSB)

• Salvador (north-east) - Deputado

Luís Eduardo Magalhães

International Airport (SSA)

• Recife (north-east) - Guararapes -

Gilberto Freyre International

42

Airport (REC)

• Fortaleza (north-east) - Pinto

Martins International Airport (FOR)

AIrPASS

AIRPASS is convenient and excellent

value for international airfare ticket

holders for domestic air travel within

Brazil, sold only outside Brazil. This is

particularly relevant considering the

sheer size of Brazil: Airpasses

represent a significant economy in

terms of time and money. For further

details consult your travel agent.

BACKPACKerS AND BUDGeT

TrAVeLLerS

Budget accommodation is available

anywhere in Brazil: hostels, pousadas

(small family hotels, some boutique

and more rustic) and camping sites.

Travellers should expect to pay more

during the holiday season (Dec-Feb

& Jul) and Carnaval.


BANKS, CUrreNCY AND CreDIT

CArDS

Banking is advanced with high tech

automation system, Internet

enabled, reliable with strong fraud

protection. Practically all Brazilian

cities have at least one branch of a

major bank.

Largest branch networks: Banco do

Brasil, Bradesco, Itaú, Santander,

Caixa Econômica Federal, Unibanco,

HSBC, Nossa Caixa and Banrisul.

Opening hours: Mon-Fri, in general

10 am - 4 pm. All banks must be

open from 12am to 3pm (Brasília

time). ATms can be found

practically everywhere, especially in

larger cities and tourist sites.

Credit/debit cards: Note that not all

ATMs can be used for foreign cards

– look out for a machine with card

symbols on facia. Banco do Brasil

branches have ATMs for foreign

cards.

Currency: Real, (plural reais) with

100 centavos (C) to the real (R$).

Available in 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and

100 notes and coins in

denominations of 1, 5, 10, 25 and

50 cent and R$ 1 .

BeACh SPOrTS

• Football is played everywhere

and in many different ways since

late 19th century.

• Beach volley is probably the most

popular beach sport and modalities

created by Brazilians are greatly

enjoyed:

frescobol created in Copacabana,

Rio de Janeiro, after the World War

II, is unique as there are no winners

and cooperation prevails,

futevolei a kind of volleyball played

with the foot, head, chest and

shoulders created in Copacabana.

BeVerAGeS

Guaraná is the most popular

Brazilian soft drink made from the

berries of a native Amazonian plant.

A plethora of fruit juices and

smoothies are available everywhere.

Chope, draught beer, is the most

popular way of drinking beer, served

very cold and with a head. Beer is

always very cold in Brazil.

Cachaça is the most popular distilled

alcoholic beverage in Brazil.

Brazilians have traditionally mixed

Cachaça with fruit juice rather

than having it straight.

The most famous Brazilian cocktail

is Caipirinha, which has become a

favourite on the best bar menus

across the globe. Batida is also

enjoyed and it is made of Cachaça

and pure passion fruit juice,

coconut or other fruit beaten with

sugar and ice.

Wines: Brazil is a significant new

world wine producer and the fifth

largest in Southern hemisphere.

Four main regions produce light,

fresh wines that exude a unique

aroma: Serra Gaúcha and Vale dos

Vinhedos (first Brazilian producer

awarded the international ‘Brazilian

Geographical Indication’), Planalto

Catarinense in the south and São

Francisco Valley in the northeast

producing Cabernet Sauvignon,

Shiraz, Merlot, Cabernet Franc,

Tannat, Ancellota, Pinot Noir,

Aragonez, Chenin Blanc and Riesling,

Chardonnay, Proseco, Muscat and

Malvasia. Many of them are small

family-owned vineyards.

Drinking for Brazilians is normally a

social affair and it is inconceivable to

drink without sampling a variety of

delicious savoury bites.

The legal age to purchase and

consume alcoholic drinks in

Brazil is 18.

43


BIrD WATChING

Brazil is a paradise for bird watchers

with approximately 1,825 bird

species of which 234 are endemic to

Brazil.

Various tour companies specialize in

trips to the Amazon, Pantanal, Foz do

Iguaçu and other prime bird

watching spots.

BUSINeSS CONTACTS WITh BrAZIL

Brazil is committed to promoting

overseas trade through the Trade

Promotion Sections – ‘SECOM’ of the

Brazilian Posts strategically distributed

throughout the world. The SECOMs

gather and disseminate up-to-date

information on business and

investment opportunities for Brazilians

and foreign investors. In addition,

SECOMs are tasked with promoting

new markets for the Brazilian industry

and services sector by helping to

convene trade fairs, corporate

missions and other similar events.

44

It is illegal to sell or buy any wild

animal in Brazil.

BUSINeSS hOUrS

Office hours: Mon-Fri, 9am-6pm.

Shopping centres: Mon-Sat,

10am-10pm and large shopping

centres - Sun 10am-8pm.

Shops: Mon-Fri, 9am-7pm, Sat,

9am-1pm. Some shops in large

cities open on Sunday.

Supermarkets: Mon-Fri, 8am-

10pm. Some open on Sundays,

some are open 24 hours.

Petrol stations: Petrol stations can

operate 24 hours a day, but not all

do so.

CAr AND COACh TrAVeL

Brazil has over one million miles of

roads and an extensive domestic

coach service linking all of the main

cities. Inexpensive way but distances

can be considerable.

Distances from Rio de Janeiro to

some of the main Brazilian cities in

miles/kilometers:

Belém (2,014/3,240), Belo Horizonte

(275/442), Brasília (711/1,140),

Curitiba (520/835), Fortaleza

(1,771/2,900), Foz do Iguaçu

(932/1,500), João Pessoa

(1,600/2,575), Manaus

(2,741/4,410), Natal (1,709/2,680),

Porto Alegre (963/1,555), Recife

(1,529/2,460), Salvador

(1,051/1,726), Santarém

(2,404/3,856), Santos (311/500), São

Paulo (266/429), Vitória (319/525).

Also, it is possible to travel from

Brazil to neighbouring countries by

bus (Rio de Janeiro - Buenos Aires -

44 hours and 1,800 miles /2,900 Km

Reservations to be made in advance:

at travel agent or coach terminal.

Passports are required as there is

immigration border control.

CAPOeIrA

A stylized martial-art dance from

Brazil with roots in Africa

characterized by acrobatic fighting

manœuvres and athletic dance steps

performed in circles with its own

music. Its rhythmic beat and tempo

are set by singing and instruments

e.g the leading instrument berimbau

de barriga (gourd-resonated, braced

musical bow of African origin), caxixi,

atabaque (tall Afro-Brazilian hand

drum), and pandeiro (a type of hand

frame drum). Two contenders display

synchronized choreographies,

characterized by ginga, its

fundamental movement (rocking

legs, arms, feet and head back and

forth), with kicks and pirouettes with

plenty of crafty loops, beguile and

cunning. A circle of people - ‘Roda de

Capoeira’ - comprises contenders

and instrumentalists that are

responsible for tone and beat.

Enjoyed by both men and women,

Capoeira is a national sport in Brazil,

taught in schools and performed in

street festivals.

CAr hIre

Most of the international car rental

companies operate in the major

Brazilian cities alongside local

companies at the main airports.

Most international credit cards are

accepted and driver usually needs to

be over 25. Vehicles in Brazil are

flexi-fuel and ethanol represents

good value for money. Drivers need

to carry their ID and driving license.

CArNAVAL

Brazil has the best Carnaval in the

world, a moveable feast tied to the

religious calendar. Celebrations begin


on the Friday evening prior to Ash

Wednesday, usually finish by

Wednesday but may spill into the

week. Various Brazilian offices and

businesses close for the Carnaval

week. Carnaval can be celebrated

anywhere in Brazil and the main

cities are:

rio de Janeiro – traditionally

celebrated in the streets with local

blocos (groups) of various sizes in

every neighbourhood – sometimes

followed by huge crowds on

Copacabana and Ipanema beaches.

Anybody can join in. The main samba

school parade takes place along the

‘Sambódromo’ in Rio de Janeiro on

Sunday and Monday evenings. A

winner’s parade is held on the

subsequent Saturday.

Tickets for the parades go on sale

towards the end of the year and

must be reserved in advance as

there is much demand. Prices

currently (2010) start at around £130

and can be reserved through most of

the good tour operators.

Salvador - a street party with two

highlights: the parade of Trios

Elétricos and the Blocos Afro. A trio

elétrico is a lorry fitted with high

power sound with a band playing on

top and parading very slowly either

along the city centre or beach.

Originally in 1950s Bahia, they used to

have three musicians playing for small

crowds.

The revellers dance and sing along

with the Trio Elétrico. Trios form the

core of blocos. Revellers pay to join

a bloco and receive an abadá

(usually T-shirt and shorts) – a ‘pass’

to join the parade inside the cordão

(cordon carried by security ushers).

People partying outside the cordon

are called pipoca (popcorn).

Revellers can also rent camarotes

(private VIP spaces) along the

parade route, from which they can

watch the show or join in whenever

they wish.

Blocos Afro have their roots in

African traditions and music, such

as afoxé. The rhythms and the

costumes are usually Africaninspired

and Olodum, Ilê Aiyê and

Ara Ketu are the most popular. The

group Afoxé Filhos de Gandy

(Gandy’s Afoxé Sons), is Salvador's

largest and best known Carnival

attraction, inspired by Mahatma

Gandhi when it was created in

1949.

recife - Festivities begin in

December, when locals begin

preparing for the Carnaval. A

variety of Brazilian and local

rhythms is played, such as

maracatu beats, frevo and samba.

It opens on early Saturday

morning, with Galo da Madrugada

party in the old centre of Recife,

attracting 1.5 million people. 30

Trios Elétricos and numerous

groups animate the party along 4

kilometres of streets to the sounds

of frevo. Also jesters (troças),

maracatus, samba schools, folk

dancers such as caboclinhos and

irreverent masked papangus

(literally manioc porridge eaters)

make the parade truly enticing.

Olinda, a world heritage city very

close to Recife, holds a truly

popular Carnaval open to all. The

local blocos of various sizes start

playing and moving at random

anytime, anywhere. Larger and

older blocos with their giant

puppets and traditional songs

attract a captive audience in the

narrow streets of Olinda.

São Paulo–The highlight is the

parade of local Samba Schools held

on the evenings of Friday and

Saturday at the Anhembi

Sambodrome. Many revellers

celebrate in the street and in clubs.

Other towns and cities - Expect to find

Trios Elétricos parades, club parties or

some type of Carnival celebration in

virtually all Brazilian cities. Some

Brazilians still prefer going to smaller

or less famous cities on the coast or in

the interior in search for a different

Carnaval experience.

Forthcoming Carnaval dates -

starting Friday evening through

Wednesday lunchtime:

2011: 4-9 Mar/ 2012: 17-22

Feb/ 2013: 9-13 Feb/ 2014: 1-4

Mar.

CrUISe TrIPS

Various cruise liners are regular

visitors to the Brazilian shores. The

most popular ports of call are Rio de

Janeiro especially during Carnaval,

Manaus, Belém, Fortaleza, Recife,

Salvador, Vitória, Florianópolis and

São Paulo.

CUSTOmS AND ImmIGrATION

Foreign passport holders must

retain the immigration form they

fill in on arrival until departure.

Fines may be applied for loss of

the form.

Before landing it is mandatory to

fill in the Accompanied Baggage

Declaration Form.

Other details may be obtained at

your nearest Consulate General of

Brazil.

45


DIVING AND SNOrKeLLING

Exceptional diving and snorkelling

can be enjoyed along the extensive

Brazilian coast as well as in rivers,

lakes and caves. The Fernando de

Noronha archipelago, the emeraldgreen

north-eastern coast offers

exceptional opportunities. Abrolhos

Marine Park, an archipelago about

44 miles off the southern coast of

Bahia offers unique opportunities to

see coral reefs and humpback whales

and hundreds of birds. Bonito has

some of the clearest rivers on

account of the amount of limestone

in the area, with exceptional

opportunities to dive or snorkel with

many hundred of species of fish in

beautiful aquatic flora.

For more information, please

contact: www.brasilnetwork.tur.br

DUTY Free GOODS

There are limits on how much you

can bring as duty free. Anything over

the quota will be charged at 50% of

the receipt. Travellers may also

purchase goods to the value of US$

500 worth, including drink and

tobacco at the international airports

on arrival.

46

eLeCTrICAL CUrreNT

The electric current is in general 110

and 127 volts (60 cycles) in most

cities in Brazil. Many places use both

currents 110/127 and 220 volts and

there is usually an indication of

voltage.

Note also that some cities, e.g.

Brasília, Florianópolis, Fortaleza,

Recife, Natal and others use 220

volts. Most electric/electronic

appliances in Brazil use a two

round pin socket. Adapters are

usually available at hotels.

FIShING

With a huge variety of fish and an

extensive coastline and gigantic

rivers and lakes, all types of fishing

can be enjoyed. The Amazon River

basin have long been popular with

fishermen from Brazil and abroad.

The Pantanal is another great area

for sport fishing, welcoming more

than 100,000 visitors annually.

Rivers Araguaia, Paraná, São

Francisco and Grande attract many

fishermen with families. Laws

regulate fishing in Brazil and it is

advisable to get acquainted with the

necessary legislation in order to fish

in Brazilian waters.

GOLF

Golf was introduced to Brazil by the

English and Scottish railway

engineers in the 19th c. Golf lovers

can enjoy amazing courses in Rio de

Janeiro (Buzios Golf Club - Hotel do

Frade & Golf Resort), São Paulo

(Vista Verde Golf Club - Damha Golf

Club), Bahia (Costa do Sauípe Golf

Links- Ibero Star - Terravista Golf

Course - Transamerica Ilha de

Comandatuba), Paraná (Aguativa

Golf Resort - Bourbon Iguassu Golf

Club & Resort), and other places.

For further details, please visit:

www.brasilnetwork.tur.br and

www.braziltour.com

heALTh

Brazil has an excellent network of

private hospitals in the major

metropolitan centres. Private

medical care can be expensive, so it

is advisable that all visitors take out

medical insurance.

The Brazilian Single Health System,

public health service, can be used by

foreigners in an emergency. Travel

medical advice is available from

Brazilian Consulate websites.

Please note that a valid international

certificate of vaccination against

yellow fever is compulsory for

travellers who, within the three

months prior to their arrival in Brazil,

have visited or been in transit

through some countries in Africa,

Central America, the Caribbean and

South America.

INTerNeT

Internet service is widely available in

Brazil and usually quite good value

for money. Hotels, shopping centres,

cafes, and designated areas in large

parks have Wi-Fi access.

POSTAL SerVICe

The postal service - Correios - in

Brazil is reliable and efficient. Post

Offices are usually open from 8 am

to 6 pm, Mon – Fri and Sat until

midday.

The express mail service in Brazil is

known as SEDEX and operates from

most of the main post offices.


PUBLIC hOLIDAYS (2011)

1 January - New Year’s Day

4-9 March – Carnaval (variable, on

Ash Wednesday – holiday until

midday)

22 April - Good Friday (variable)

21 April - Tiradentes Day

1 May - Labour Day

23 June - Corpus Christi (variable)

7 September – National

Independence Day

12 October - Our Lady of Aparecida

1 November – All Saints Day

2 November - All Souls Day

25 December – Christmas

As well as the national public

holidays listed above, states and

cities also have their own separate

holidays. For example, 20 January,

is a holiday in the city of Rio de

Janeiro, and 25 January and 9 July

are holidays in the city of São

Paulo.

rAIL TrAVeL

The passenger rail network in Brazil

is extremely limited with 17,500

miles of railways compared to over

one million miles of roads. A highspeed

rail link between Rio de

Janeiro and São Paulo is scheduled

to open in 2015. There are, however,

a number of scenic routes, such as

the Curitiba-Paranaguá (an imperial

railway inaugurated in 1880) to Foz

do Iguaçu and the ‘Vineyard Trainin

Serra Gaúcha, wine-production

region, near Bento Gonçalves.

SAFeTY AND SeCUrITY

Brazil is a politically stable

democracy with no ethnic, religious

or cultural conflicts, without any

natural enemies or terrorist

activities. Tourists have to take the

same precautions that are required

in London, Paris, New York or

elsewhere when travelling in large

cities in Brazil.

emergency numbers;

Police: 190; Firefighters and

medical emergencies: 193

SmOKING

Brazil has adopted the smoke-free

law for all workplace and public

spaces. There are specifically

designated smoking areas, which

some of the states have also banned.

Fines are applied for those that do

not abide by the law.

TAXIS

Taxis in Brazil are good value for

money and easy to find in all of the

largest cities. As not all taxi drivers

speak English, it is advisable to have

the address in writing.

TeLePhONeS

Public telephones can be easily

found all over Brazil and do not take

coins. You must buy a phone card.

TIme ZONeS

There are three time zones in Brazil,

but most of the country follows the

standard time zone of the capital,

Brasília, three hours behind GMT.

TIPPING

Nearly all hotels and restaurants add

a 10% service charge to the bill,

which must be clearly stated.

Brazilians do not tip taxi drivers but

often round the total up.

VISAS AND DOCUmeNTS

Certain countries need visas,

passports must be valid for at least

six months and a return ticket and

proof of sufficient funds may be

requested on arrival. Visitors will be

admitted for a stay of up to 90 days

which can be extended, at the

discretion of the Federal Police

(Immigration Authority), for a

further 90 days. Visitors are not

permitted to work. Visitors with

business or work interests will need

visas. For more details consult your

nearest Consulate General of Brazil.

WeATher

There are five climatic regions in

Brazil: equatorial, tropical, semiarid,

highland tropical and

subtropical. São Paulo, Brasília and

Belo Horizonte have milder climates

averaging 19°C (66°F) whilst Rio de

Janeiro, Recife, Natal and Salvador

have an average temperature of

around 26°C (80°F) that go up to

high 30s or low 40s (over 100°F)

during the summer months. Porto

Alegre and Curitiba have subtropical

climate with hot summers and cold

winters with frosts in June-August.

The Amazon and the northeast has

very small seasonal variation

between the warmest and the

coldest months.

FURTHER DETAILS ON

TOURISM IN BRAZIL:

www.brasilnetwork.tur.br

47


Tourist Boards,

Convention &

Visitor Bureaux

Acre

www.acre.ac.gov.br

Alagoas

info@turismo.al.gov.br

www.turismo.al.gov.br

www.visitealagoas.com.br

maceió Convention & Visitor Bureau

diretoria@maceioconvention.com.br

www.maceioconvention.com.br

Amapá

setur@setur.ap.gov.br

gab@setur.ap.gov.br

www.setur.ap.gov.br

Amapá Convention & Visitor Bureau

apc_vb@hotmail.com

Amazonas

amazonastur.gp@gmail.com

www.amazonastur.am.gov.br

Amazonas Convention & Visitor Bureau

acvb@amazonasconvention.com.br

www.amazonasconvention.com.br

Bahia

gab@setur.ba.gov.br

www.setur.ba.gov.br

decom@bahiatursa.ba.gov.br

www.bahia.com.br

www.bahiatursa.ba.gov.br/site

Salvador da Bahia Convention & Visitor

Bureau

diretoria@salvadorconvention.com.br

www.salvadorconvention.com.br

Ceará

gabinete@setur.ce.gov.br

www.turismo.setur.ce.gov.br

www.cearabrasil.tur.br

Fortaleza Convention & Visitor Bureau

fortconv@fortalezaconvention.com.br

www.fortalezaconvention.com.br

Distrito Federal

www.brasiliatur.df.gov.br

Brasília Convention & Visitor Bureau

convbras@brasiliaconvention.com.br

www.brasiliaconvention.com.br

48

espírito Santo

gabinete@setur.es.gov.br

www.es.gov.br

espírito Santo Convention & Visitor Bureau

relacionamento@esconvention.com.br

www.esconvention.com.br

Goiás

www.goiasbrasil.tur.br

www.agetur.go.gov.br/municip.htm

maranhão

turismo@geplan.ma.gov.br

www.turismo.ma.gov.br

São Luis Convention & Visitor Bureau

www.saoluisconvention.com.br

mato Grosso

gabinete@sedtur.mt.gov.br

www.sedtur.mt.gov.br

Pantanal Convention & Visitor Bureau (Cuiabá)

convention@terra.com.br

mato Grosso do Sul

seprotur_gabinete@net.ms.gov.br

gabinete@seprotur.ms.gov.br

www.seprotur.ms.gov.br

Fundação de Turismo do mato Grosso do Sul

fturismo@net.ms.gov.br

www.turismo.ms.gov.br

minas Gerais

gabinete.setur@mg.gov.br

www.descubraminas.com.br

minas Gerais Convention & Visitor Bureaux

Federation

fcvb.mg@fbcvb.org.br

Pará

presidencia@paratur.pa.gov.br

www.paratur.pa.gov.br

Belém Convention & Visitor Bureau

belemcvb@belemcvb.com.br

www.belemcvb.com.br

Paraíba

gabinete.setde@setde.pb.gov.br

www.setde.pb.gov.br

www.pbtur.pb.gov.br

Sugar Loaf, rio deJaneiro


João Pessoa Convention & Visitor Bureau

eventos@joaopessoaconvention.com.br

www.joaopessoaconvention.com.br

Paraná

setu@setu.pr.gov.br

www.setu.pr.gov.br

prturdp@pr.gov.br

www.turismo.pr.gov.br

Curitiba Convention Visitor Bureau

curitibacvb@curitibacvb.com.br

www.curitibacvb.com.br

Pernambuco

www2.setur.pe.gov.br/web/setur/home

emPeTUr – empresa de Turismo de

Pernambuco S/A (Autarquia)

www.empetur.com.br

recife Convention & Visitor Bureau

www.recifecvb.com.br

www.destinopernambuco.com.br

Piauí

piemturimprensa@yahoo.com.br

www.piemtur.pi.gov.br

Teresina Convention & Visitor Bureau

teresinaconvention@hotmail.com

www.teresinaconvention.com.br

rio de Janeiro

gabinete@turismoeesporte.rj.gov.br

www.turisrio.rj.gov.br

rio Convention & Visitor Bureau

diretoria@rcvb.com.br

www.rcvb.com.br

rio Grande do Norte

setur@rn.gov.br

info@brasil-natal.com.br

www.setur.rn.gov.br

emPrOTUr – empresa Potiguar de

Promoção Turística S/A

www.setur.rn.gov.br

imprensaemprotur@rn.gov.br

Natal Convention & Visitor Bureau

atendimento@natalconventionbureau.com.br

www.natalconventionbureau.com.b

rio Grande do Sul

secretario@turismo.rs.gov.br

gabinete@turismo.rs.gov.br

www.turismo.rs.gov.br

Porto Alegre Convention & Visitor Bureau

portoalegrecvb@visiteportoalegre.com

www.visiteportoalegre.com

rondônia

seturo1@ibest.com.br

seturo@ibest.com.br

www.setur.ro.gov.br

rondônia Convention & Visitor Bureau

abav-ro@enter-net.com.br

roraima

gab@rurismo.rr.gov.br

www.seplan.rr.gov.br

Santa Catarina

secretario@sol.sc.gov.br

gabinete@sol.sc.gov.br

www.sc.gov.br

Santa Catarina Turismo S/A – SANTUr

presi@santur.sc.gov.br

www.sc.gov.br/santur

Florianópolis e região Convention & Visitor

Bureau

fcvb@florianopoliscvb.com.br

www.florianopoliscvb.com.br

São Paulo

www.selt.sp.gov.br

São Paulo Convention & Visitor Bureau

spcvb@spcvb.com.br

www.visitesaopaulo.com

Sergipe

www.sedetec.se.gov.br

www.turismosergipe.net

emSeTUr – empresa Segipana de Turismo

presidencia@emsetur.se.gov.br

gabinete@emsetur.se.gov.br

www.emsetur.se.gov.br

Aracaju Convention & Visitor Bureau

ajucvb@aracajuconvention.com.br

www.aracajuconvention.com.br

Tocantins

gabinete@adtur.to.gov.br

www.to.gov.br

49


Facts and figures

50

Colombia

Ucayali

P a c i � c O c e a n

Acre

Peru

Rio

Branco

Chile

Venezuela

La Paz

Santiago

Negro

Amazon

Boa Vista

Porto Velho

Rondônia

Bolivia

Roraima

Argentina

Manaus

Buenos Aires

Georgetown

Paramaribo

Surinam

Guyana

Amazonas Pará

Mato Grosso

Cuiabá

Paraguay

Paraná

Paraguai

Asunción

Montevideo

Foz do Iguaçu

Porto Alegre

Cayenne

Macapá

Mato Grosso

do Sul

Campo

Grande

Uruguay

French

Guiana

Amazon

Paraná

Xingu

Amapá

Araguaia

Paraná

Rio Grande do Sul

Goiânia

Paranaiba

Grande

Santa Catarina

Tocantins

Goiás

São Paulo

Tocantins

Curitiba

Belém

Palmas

Tocantins

Brasília

São Paulo

Florianópolis

A t l a n t i c O c e a n

Maranhão

Sâo Francisco

Sâo Luís

Piauí

Belo

Horizonte

Teresina

Ceara

Bahia

Minas Gerais

Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro

Rio

Grande

do Norte

Paraíba Natal

João Pessoa

Pernambuco

Recife

Alagoas

Maceió

Sergipe

Aracaju

Espírito Santo

Vitória

25 50

25

Fortaleza

Salvador

BRAZIL

National capital

State capital

Official name: Federative Republic of Brazil

Capital: Brasília

State

International

750km

Fernando de Noronha

Largest cities: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Brasília, Fortaleza,

Belo Horizonte, Curitiba, Manaus, Recife, Belém, Porto Alegre.

States: 26 + Federal District

Area: 8,511,965 sq km

Coastline: 7,491 km

highest point: Pico da Neblina 3,014 m

Population: 190,732,694 (2010)

Language: Portuguese

religions: Roman Catholic 74%, Protestant 15%, Spiritualist 2%,

other 9%

GDP: US$ 1.57 trillion (IMF/2009)

GDP in purchasing-power parity (PPP): US$ 2.01 trillion (IMF/2009)


maragogi, Alagoas

Canoa Quebrada, Ceará


Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná

Arraial do Cabo, rio de Janeiro

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