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Deducing Electron Properties from Hard X-ray ... - Rhessi - NASA

Deducing Electron Properties from Hard X-ray ... - Rhessi - NASA

Deducing Electron Properties from Hard X-ray ... - Rhessi -

Space Sci Rev (2011) 159:301–355 DOI 10.1007/s11214-011-9804-x Deducing Electron Properties from Hard X-ray Observations E.P. Kontar · J.C. Brown · A.G. Emslie · W. Hajdas · G.D. Holman · G.J. Hurford · J. Kašparová · P.C.V. Mallik · A.M. Massone · M.L. McConnell · M. Piana · M. Prato · E.J. Schmahl · E. Suarez-Garcia Received: 2 February 2008 / Accepted: 2 June 2008 / Published online: 11 August 2011 © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011 Abstract X-radiation from energetic electrons is the prime diagnostic of flare-accelerated electrons. The observed X-ray flux (and polarization state) is fundamentally a convolution of the cross-section for the hard X-ray emission process(es) in question with the electron distribution function, which is in turn a function of energy, direction, spatial location and time. To address the problems of particle propagation and acceleration one needs to infer as much information as possible on this electron distribution function, through a deconvolution of this fundamental relationship. This review presents recent progress toward this goal using E.P. Kontar (�) · J.C. Brown · P.C.V. Mallik Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, Kelvin Building, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK e-mail: eduard@astro.gla.ac.uk A.G. Emslie Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA A.G. Emslie Western Kentucky University, 1906 College Heights Blvd., Bowling Green, KY 42101, USA W. Hajdas · E. Suarez-Garcia Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen PSI, Switzerland G.D. Holman NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 671, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA G.J. Hurford Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA J. Kašparová Astronomický ústav AV ČR, v.v.i., Fričova 298, Ondˇrejov, 251 65, Czech Republic A.M. Massone · M. Prato CNR-SPIN, Via Dodecaneso 33, 16146 Genova, Italy M.L. McConnell Space Science Center, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA

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