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Chronicle - Hefersweiler

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<strong>Hefersweiler</strong><br />

Berzweiler<br />

<strong>Chronicle</strong><br />

Sent from the Odenbachtal<br />

1st volume<br />

Detlef Uhrig<br />

&<br />

Willy Schwarz<br />

Table of contents<br />

History and Layers<br />

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0. Historical Connections<br />

1. Bernhardswiller, Otterberg Monastery from 1618<br />

2. Tariff, Tolls and „Escort Money“ to 1618<br />

3. The Thirty Years War 1618 – 1648 in Odenbachtal<br />

4. Berzweiler, Berzweiler Farmyard Property until 1778 – (per Klaus<br />

Knecht)<br />

5. The Mill in <strong>Hefersweiler</strong> (Klaus Knecht)<br />

6. The Ingweiler Farmyard<br />

7. The Ingweiler Dream Wedding of 1781<br />

8. Baron Johann Christian Simon von Hofenfels (Wilhelm Weber)<br />

9. The Change of Rule in 1779 und 1780<br />

10. A Homage with a Fatal Outcome 1779 (Klaus Knecht)<br />

11. Real Estate Transactions and Credit raising from 1750 - 1798<br />

12. Weather and Tempest (the stepchild: the Odenbach)<br />

13. Poverty, Exploitation, Misery leading to Emigration<br />

13.1. The Mass Escape of 1709<br />

13.2. Friedrich the Great<br />

13.3. The emigrations after Kischker/Batschka in 1785<br />

14. <strong>Hefersweiler</strong>: Division of Labor and Occupations, 1700 - 1800<br />

15. Families of the Jewish Dealers in <strong>Hefersweiler</strong> and Berzweiler<br />

around 1800<br />

16. Occupation statistics in <strong>Hefersweiler</strong> as per Church Book<br />

excluding the Jewish Residents)<br />

From the Lutheran Church Book<br />

17. The Ministers of the „Niederkirchen Kirchenspiels“ 1699 – 1814<br />

18. The Church in Niederkirchen<br />

19. The <strong>Hefersweiler</strong>, NiederkirchenerChurch Book, 1699 – 1798<br />

20. The Age of the Confirmands and its problems at that time<br />

21. Of Fornication, Harlotry and Adultery in the 18th. Century<br />

Causes of death & Cemeteries<br />

22. Of homicide and tragic accidents<br />

23. Epidemics, Causes of Death and Life Expectancy<br />

24. The National Death Certificate Records after 1817<br />

25. from the God field to the cemetery (1600 – 2000)<br />

26. A Macabre Interment in 1883<br />

27. The Coroners District<br />

28. Heinrich Degen becomes both Gravedigger and Coroner1902<br />

29. Tuberculosis, until 1960 a bad Epidemic<br />

30. The Health Insurance Company in <strong>Hefersweiler</strong> and Berzweiler<br />

until 1913<br />

The Start of Modern Times<br />

31. The Battle of Kaiserslautern (end-November 1793)<br />

32. Positive Consequences of the French Administration<br />

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33. Jean Bacher, Mayor and Registrar of Births, Marriages and<br />

Deaths in <strong>Hefersweiler</strong><br />

34. The National Wedding Documents starting from 1818<br />

35. Independent Courts in Wolfstein & Lauterecken begining 1797 to<br />

1975<br />

36. Influences of the French Road Construction Program starting<br />

from 1794<br />

37. Soldiers for Napoleon<br />

38. The Optical Telegraph Line (Paris – Metz – Mainz) of 1813<br />

39. The Palatinate becomes Bavarian - 1816<br />

The school in Berzweiler<br />

40.1. The national school starting from 1818<br />

40.2. Pupils and their marks in 1839/1840<br />

40.3. The Teachers Dörr<br />

40.4. The Berzweiler School from the view of the Local Council (1871 -<br />

1914)<br />

40.5. Change of the school in Berzweiler in 1895<br />

40.6. Bungling at the Berzweiler School Building (1900)<br />

40.7. Local Council resolutions, concerning the school<br />

40.8. The school in Berzweiler - as camps (1915 - 1918)<br />

40.9. From the Berzweiler School Day Book (1919? 1930)<br />

The school in <strong>Hefersweiler</strong><br />

41. The School in 1696 - 1834<br />

42. The School Building from 1835/36 to 1901<br />

43. New School Building 1895/1902<br />

44. Difficult Beginnings up to the School Dissolution (1945 - 1970)<br />

(notes from the school day book <strong>Hefersweiler</strong>)<br />

Agriculture<br />

45. Agriculture and Cattle Breeding<br />

46. of Sheep Breeding and Wool<br />

47. Horses and Horse Breeding, of the Zweibruecker Stud<br />

48. Pig Breeding<br />

49. Crops in Agriculture<br />

50. The Cultivation of Fruit<br />

51 Gardens - Who trusts in God...<br />

52. Introduction of Real Estate Tax in 1828 and the National Land<br />

Register<br />

53. 2. June 1852 - the <strong>Hefersweiler</strong> cattle holiday (Rudolf Zinn)<br />

54. Farm Servants and their Payment around 1850<br />

55. Merry cooking of marmalade (Authoress: an unknown <strong>Hefersweiler</strong>ine)<br />

56. Field Mice – a Big Problem in 1872/73<br />

57. Maltreating field 1874 and the Abdecker in Medard<br />

58. Village life 1870 - 1930 (per Ernst Armbrust * 1899)<br />

59. How Order was Regulated in Former Times (per Karl Emrich)<br />

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Money-Making in more Recent Times<br />

60. Scissors-Grinder, Umbrella-Patcher, Rag and Bone Man and<br />

Land Dealer Isaak Felsenthal<br />

61. The Mining Industry in <strong>Hefersweiler</strong> (19th. + 20th. Century)<br />

62. Musicians from <strong>Hefersweiler</strong>, Berzweiler, Seelen starting from<br />

1840<br />

63. <strong>Hefersweiler</strong> Musicians (Hans Schwarz)<br />

Improved infrastructure<br />

64. Wheel width - a problem from 1818<br />

65. The Royal Bavarian Building Authority in Kusel around 1880<br />

66. Road Construction by the Berzweiler road construction Schaffner<br />

Schwein<br />

67. The railway Kaiserslautern – Lauterecken, built in 1883<br />

68. The Glantalbahn, in former times a Railway, today a Hand Trolley<br />

Experience<br />

69. Stagecoach, Road Conditions and Post Bus<br />

The world wars (before, between and aftermath)<br />

70. Military Organization<br />

71. Only Boundless Enthusiasm, then Fright<br />

72. The Bell Seizure in 1917<br />

73. The Fallen of the First World War and a „memorall“<br />

74. The Inflation of 1922/23<br />

75. The inauguration of the War Memorial in 1929<br />

76. The end of the French Occupation on 30.6.1930<br />

77. Work Creation 1933/34: Development of the Relsberger Way<br />

78. Dictatorship, War and the War’s End on 19 March 1945<br />

79. The Fallen of the Second World War<br />

80. Fall Kischkers/Batschka, Genocide by the Serbs 1944<br />

Infrastructure today<br />

81. Drinking water and Waste Water<br />

82. The Drains 1988/89<br />

83. Our District and County Highways<br />

84. Supply of Current 1923 and today<br />

The Fire Brigade, Security<br />

85. The Berzweiler Fire Brigade<br />

86. The <strong>Hefersweiler</strong> Fire Brigade Establishment 1876<br />

87. The <strong>Hefersweiler</strong> Pump House of 1903<br />

88. The fire-brigade from 1933 to 1945<br />

89. Fire-brigade Employment starting from 1952<br />

Miscellaneous<br />

90. The Mayors since 1946<br />

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91. The Kindergarten of <strong>Hefersweiler</strong> and Nußbach since 1976<br />

92. The Primary School in Nußbach since 1970<br />

93. Windpower, a Windy, Electrifying Topic<br />

94. List of Sources<br />

The other Volumes<br />

The Family Album from 1569 – 1875, volume 2, over 400 pages<br />

The Wedding Register 1700 – 1798, Volume 3, about 400 pages<br />

The Birth Register 1700 – 1798, Volume 3<br />

The Death Register 1698 – 1798, Volume<br />

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