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Coal Combustion Waste Management at - DOE - Fossil Energy ...

Coal Combustion Waste Management at - DOE - Fossil Energy ...

Coal Combustion Waste Management at - DOE - Fossil Energy

  • Page 5: ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors wish to
  • Page 8 and 9: CONTENTS (Cont.) 3.1.9 Testing for
  • Page 10 and 11: TABLES (Cont.) 7 Trends in Construc
  • Page 12 and 13: TABLES (Cont.) A.14 Chronological C
  • Page 14 and 15: xii
  • Page 16 and 17: MCL maximum contaminant level MoDNR
  • Page 18 and 19: xvi
  • Page 20 and 21: S-2 the National Rural Electric Coo
  • Page 22 and 23: S-4 Groundwater-monitoring requirem
  • Page 24 and 25: S-6 receives only material that the
  • Page 26 and 27: TABLE S-2 Summary Results from Chro
  • Page 28 and 29: S-10 − In the area of groundwater
  • Page 30 and 31: S-12
  • Page 32 and 33: 2 Air heater and precipitator wash
  • Page 34 and 35: 4 wastes, and 17% were bottom ash.
  • Page 36 and 37: TABLE 1 (Cont.) State a Total CCWs
  • Page 38 and 39: 8 The remainder of this report cont
  • Page 40 and 41: 10 (NRECA) and the American Public
  • Page 42 and 43: 12 Information collected during the
  • Page 44 and 45: 14 − Type of variance (e.g., clos
  • Page 46 and 47: 16 potential duplication with the s
  • Page 48 and 49: TABLE 2 (Cont.) ID a Unit Name 18 S
  • Page 50 and 51: 20 Because new power plants built d
  • Page 52 and 53:

    22 the number of new and expanded u

  • Page 54 and 55:

    24 TABLE 7 Trends in Construction C

  • Page 56 and 57:

    26 TABLE 8 Percentages of Wastes Di

  • Page 58 and 59:

    28 TABLE 9 Numbers and Types of Per

  • Page 60 and 61:

    TABLE 11 Liner and Groundwater-Moni

  • Page 62 and 63:

    FIGURE 2 Liners in Identified New o

  • Page 64 and 65:

    34 FIGURE 4 Liner Types Reported fo

  • Page 66 and 67:

    36 Constituents monitored. Landfill

  • Page 68 and 69:

    38 impoundments). The analysis does

  • Page 70 and 71:

    40 (Class I) wastes for which no li

  • Page 72 and 73:

    42 States (Alabama, Florida, Georgi

  • Page 74 and 75:

    44 TABLE 20 Solid Waste Permitting

  • Page 76 and 77:

    46 United States in 2004. The one S

  • Page 78 and 79:

    3.2.2 Findings 48 Table 22 summariz

  • Page 80 and 81:

    TABLE 22 (Cont.) Category of Regula

  • Page 82 and 83:

    52 the surveyed units was conducted

  • Page 84 and 85:

    TABLE 23 Variance Requests and Disp

  • Page 86 and 87:

    56 request, the State regulatory ag

  • Page 88 and 89:

    TABLE 26 Variance Requests by Surve

  • Page 90 and 91:

    TABLE 27 (Cont.) Variance Request S

  • Page 92 and 93:

    62 variance. However, the State (Vi

  • Page 94 and 95:

    TABLE 28 (Cont.) Variance Request S

  • Page 96 and 97:

    TABLE 29 Variance Requests by Surve

  • Page 99 and 100:

    69 5 REFERENCES ACAA 2004 American

  • Page 101 and 102:

    A-1 APPENDIX A: STATE-SPECIFIC REGU

  • Page 103 and 104:

    A.1 APPROACH A-3 APPENDIX A: STATE-

  • Page 105 and 106:

    A-5 For each State reviewed, an eff

  • Page 107 and 108:

    TABLE A.2 Summary of Regulatory Des

  • Page 109 and 110:

    A-9 addition, the regulations in Al

  • Page 111 and 112:

    TABLE A.3 Chronological Comparison

  • Page 113 and 114:

    A-13 A disposal facility in Indiana

  • Page 115 and 116:

    TABLE A.4 Permits Required for CCW

  • Page 117 and 118:

    TABLE A.4 (Cont.) a The pilot study

  • Page 119 and 120:

    A-19 landfills. Otherwise, surface

  • Page 121 and 122:

    TABLE A.5 (Cont.) a “On-site” m

  • Page 123 and 124:

    A-23 groundwater and surface water

  • Page 125 and 126:

    A-25 discharge), the facility may s

  • Page 127 and 128:

    A-27 Wisconsin—Wisconsin designat

  • Page 129 and 130:

    TABLE A.6 (Cont.) State a Illinois

  • Page 131 and 132:

    TABLE A.6 (Cont.) State a Landfills

  • Page 133 and 134:

    TABLE A.6 (Cont.) State a Landfills

  • Page 135 and 136:

    TABLE A.7 Chronological Comparison

  • Page 137 and 138:

    TABLE A.7 (Cont.) State EPA 1988 EP

  • Page 139 and 140:

    A-39 Illinois—In Illinois, landfi

  • Page 141 and 142:

    A-41 The design standards for utili

  • Page 143 and 144:

    A-43 According to Technical Guideli

  • Page 145 and 146:

    TABLE A.13 Summary of Groundwater-M

  • Page 147 and 148:

    TABLE A.13 (Cont.) State a Groundwa

  • Page 149 and 150:

    A-49 such as a commercial industria

  • Page 151 and 152:

    A-51 The Indiana regulations do not

  • Page 153 and 154:

    A-53 developed guidance documents,

  • Page 155 and 156:

    A-55 groundwater. Table A.15 summar

  • Page 157 and 158:

    TABLE A.15 (Cont.) State Leachate-C

  • Page 159 and 160:

    A-59 TABLE A.16 Chronological Compa

  • Page 161 and 162:

    A-61 quality standards, or otherwis

  • Page 163 and 164:

    A-63 A.7 CLOSURE/POST-CLOSURE REQUI

  • Page 165 and 166:

    TABLE A.17 (Cont.) State Closure/Po

  • Page 167 and 168:

    A-67 Type III restricted waste site

  • Page 169 and 170:

    TABLE A.19 Summary of Corrective Ac

  • Page 171 and 172:

    A-71 the plume (329 IAC 10-29-9). T

  • Page 173 and 174:

    TABLE A.20 Summary of Siting Contro

  • Page 175 and 176:

    A-75 TABLE A.21 Chronological Compa

  • Page 177 and 178:

    A-77 The Virginia regulations speci

  • Page 179 and 180:

    A-79 TABLE A.23 Chronological Compa

  • Page 181 and 182:

    TABLE A.24 Summary of Additional In

  • Page 183 and 184:

    A.12 FINDINGS A-83 Table A.26 summa

  • Page 185 and 186:

    TABLE A.26 (Cont.) States with Chan

  • Page 187 and 188:

    TABLE A.26 (Cont.) Description of C

  • Page 189 and 190:

    A-89 TABLE A.27 Summary of States w

  • Page 191 and 192:

    B-1 APPENDIX B: QUESTIONNAIRE FOR N

  • Page 193 and 194:

    B-3 APPENDIX B: QUESTIONNAIRE FOR N

  • Page 195 and 196:

    Compacted ash Compacted in-situ soi

  • Page 197 and 198:

    7.0 Monitoring B-7 7.1 Is groundwat

  • Page 199 and 200:

    C-1 APPENDIX C: SURVEY RESPONSE RAT

  • Page 201 and 202:

    C-3 APPENDIX C: SURVEY RESPONSE RAT

  • Page 203 and 204:

    C-5 USWAG asked for a response from

  • Page 205 and 206:

    C-7 nonsurveyed units). The capacit

  • Page 207 and 208:

    D-1 APPENDIX D: RECONCILIATION OF U

  • Page 209 and 210:

    TABLE D.1 Reconciliation of Units I

  • Page 211 and 212:

    E-1 APPENDIX E: UNIT COMPLETION DAT

  • Page 213 and 214:

    TABLE E.1 Trends in Unit Completion

  • Page 215 and 216:

    F-1 APPENDIX F: MATERIALS DISPOSED

  • Page 217 and 218:

    TABLE F.1 Materials Disposed of at

  • Page 219 and 220:

    TABLE F.1 (Cont.) Coal Bottom Ash (

  • Page 221 and 222:

    TABLE F.1 (Cont.) Coal Other Unit C

  • Page 223 and 224:

    G-1 APPENDIX G: PERMITS ISSUED FOR

  • Page 225 and 226:

    TABLE G.1 Permits Issued for Survey

  • Page 227 and 228:

    TABLE G.1 (Cont.) Unit ID State Typ

  • Page 229 and 230:

    H-1 APPENDIX H: LINER DATA

  • Page 231 and 232:

    TABLE H.1 Liner Data Unit Is Unit N

  • Page 233 and 234:

    TABLE H.1 (Cont.) Unit Is Unit New

  • Page 235 and 236:

    TABLE H.1 (Cont.) Unit Is Unit New

  • Page 237 and 238:

    I-1 APPENDIX I: GROUNDWATER-MONITOR

  • Page 239 and 240:

    TABLE I.1 Groundwater-Monitoring Da

  • Page 241 and 242:

    TABLE I.1 (Cont.) ID GWM Conducted

  • Page 243 and 244:

    TABLE I.1 (Cont.) ID GWM Conducted

  • Page 245 and 246:

    TABLE I.1 (Cont.) ID GWM Conducted

  • Page 247 and 248:

    J-1 APPENDIX J: VARIANCE REQUESTS B

  • Page 249 and 250:

    TABLE J.1 Variance Requests by Stat

  • Page 251 and 252:

    K-1 APPENDIX K: VARIANCE REQUEST DE

  • Page 253 and 254:

    TABLE K.1 Variance Request Descript

  • Page 255 and 256:

    TABLE K.1 (Cont.) Variance Variance

  • Page 257 and 258:

    TABLE K.1 (Cont.) Variance Variance

  • Page 259 and 260:

    TABLE K.1 (Cont.) Variance Variance

  • Page 261 and 262:

    TABLE K.1 (Cont.) Variance Variance

  • Page 263 and 264:

    TABLE K.1 (Cont.) ID State Granted

  • Page 265 and 266:

    L-1 APPENDIX L: VARIANCE GRANTING R

  • Page 267 and 268:

    TABLE L.1 Variance Granting Rationa

  • Page 269 and 270:

    TABLE L.1 (Cont.) ID State Variance

  • Page 271 and 272:

    TABLE L.1 (Cont.) ID State Variance

  • Page 273 and 274:

    TABLE L.1 (Cont.) ID State Variance

  • Page 275 and 276:

    TABLE L.1 (Cont.) ID State Variance

  • Page 277 and 278:

    TABLE L.1 (Cont.) ID State Variance

  • Page 279 and 280:

    TABLE L.1 (Cont.) ID State Variance

  • Page 281 and 282:

    TABLE L.1 (Cont.) ID State Variance

  • Page 283 and 284:

    TABLE L.1 (Cont.) ID State Variance

  • Page 285 and 286:

    TABLE L.1 (Cont.) ID State Variance

Coal-to-Liquids Technology - DOE - Fossil Energy - U.S. Department ...
Energy from Waste Gas & Reject Coal
Underground Coal Gasification: - Office of Fossil Energy - U.S. ...
Oil, Gas and CBM Wells Near Coal Mines - Office of Fossil Energy
Coal Fine Recovery Effective Technology - Office of Fossil Energy
Europe supports Waste to Energy - Dutch Waste Management ...
We Energies Coal Combustion Products ... - The White House
The Ekokem energy-from-waste plant: Combustion control - Metso
Coal Combustion Product Management: Innovative Technology and ...
Development of a Coal Preparation Plant Simulator - Office of Fossil ...
Coal Policy in the Philippines - Expert Group on Clean Fossil Energy
Advanced Fossil Energy Projects
Energy Strategy 2050 – from coal, oil and gas
Overburden Dump Stability - Office of Fossil Energy
Philippine Initiative Clean Fossil Energy: Coal and Natural Gas
Fossil-fired energy - Energie EDF
Fossil-fired energy - Energie EDF
Impact of coal mining activities on ground water - Office of Fossil ...
Fossil-fired energy - Energie EDF
WASTE MANAgEMENT - I3E
GAIL'S UCG PERSPECTIVE - Office of Fossil Energy
Hydrogeology of Indian Coalfields - Office of Fossil Energy
Underground mining of steep seams in India - Office of Fossil Energy
CO - Expert Group on Clean Fossil Energy
Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program - National Energy ...
Philippine Coal Policy - Expert Group on Clean Fossil Energy
Turning primary energy efficiently into electricity The fossil ... - EnBW
Coal mine methane management - Green Gas International
Low Volatile Coking Coal Beneficiation/India - Office of Fossil Energy
Energy, Transport and Waste Management - AAEE