&Ell BAY, STRAIT OF BELLE ISLE, LlUlltAOOll
"But you've ne,"er fed and dothed the whole
lot for six months?"
"Oh I Well them's worked at the ground
and we never could ha\'e done without them."
This last came somewhat shamefacedly and
then a sudden, "\Ve's haven't had to buy no
more grub for th' summer."
In these days it does e\"er)'one good to meet
such an optimist. We all felt this alone paid
the cost of visiting the mill. His son Jimmy,
..'ho is lame, had somehow guessed "we'd be:
in soon," and had caught twO large lobsters
which he had kept tied up to the stage in
order that we might hne them fresh. Alas I
\\'hen we went for them, they had "cut loose."
Here, too, we had a great many patients.
Indeed it "'as so long since a doctor had be:en
able to get round, and so many had waited
our arrival that we had nine patients to carry
back to hospital and several more to send on
round by the mail-steamer,
Dr, Andrews' special work on the eye is a
godsend to our peoille. Eye troubles are 50
common and really can for more than a Jackof-all-trades
is able to give, be he ever so
willing. The pretty little Catholic settlement
at Conche also gave us plenty to do, The
generosity and home life of these peOllle make
a visit there as grateful as an oasis in a desert.
There would ne,"er be religious JW'nti,:utions
if men worshipped the spirit and not the Idter.
Till time t"nds, one man will gro\\' strong on
vt"gc:tablc:s while another does good work on a
high proteid diet. If the fruit is tht" test of
valuc:s, why do we quarrel o\"er the method
that produces it? Smallpox had left its mark
on this village since last we called here. Our
old friend, Father Thibaut. was "hall-marked"
with it. War had also taken its toll, and the
father and mother, who-'Il'hen we last came
in-were proudly showing us the medal the
King had gil'en their son for gallantry, were
weeping that he had paid "the last full measure
The troop of boy scouts from Boston at St.
Anthony ha\'e been doing really wonderful
work. When first they arrived and I introduced
them to our outside foreman as "his
gang" to lay the water-pipes and dig the
trenches, he took me aside and said "Better
send them picking daisies, Doctor," They
were in store dothes then. This time we
came in they were in working uniforms, and
Rube: (the foreman) eonfided to me that he
was "fairly knocked out" b)' what they had
accomplished. "j wouldn't ha\'e be:lie\'ed it
was in them to stick to it as they do," he
said. That's where the rub usually eomes
.....ith young people. Indeed the six foot deep
trench .....as not only outlined aU the way and
partly cut as well, but the pipe was down
and closed in over a hundred yards. So while
we stayed and "cleaned up" the work at hospital
and home, the little STRATHCONA took
the PENNSYLVANIA up the bay and all the
boys had a change loading logs from which
trip they returned late next night, tanned,
fl)"-bitten. but in the best of humor.
Hospital was now full, and ever)' one
happy and busy. Only the old shingles were
leaking badly and there was no money for
construction. \Ve are so much hoping we
will get the money for a new hospital we are
all the time delaying, but it was getting as
they sa.y here "heyant all" and two of our
lady "olunteers ""ho had been inspecting the
tiles came and \"olunteerc:d to ha"e it put
right. We shall soon all be: under their roof.
Tht" schooner, wr«ked ht"re last fall, .....hich
our lads had raised and repaired, was just
ized and the hospital was fast filling with
patieuts. As we progressed down the coast it
hecame evident that the fish had not been
very plentiful. The men were waiting
patiently, even hopefully, lout the cold weather
and the nnusual amount of ice seemed to
combine to keep the fish away and to give
the men difficulty in safely placing and hauling
their nets. It was certainly good to SCI'.
the PaddollS and Miss Carlson at Indian
Harbor again. In spite of coal shortage they
seemed to have survived the winter at North
\Vest River very successfully. Little Tony
and Harry were delightfully rosy and fat.
They all combined to give us the usual fine
welcome, and the enthusiasm for news-both
Mission and International-kept the two
doctors at it until late into the night. Sunday
we had services hoth afternoon and evening
in the chapel, Dr. GrenfelI giving the talk in
the evening upon the "Light of the World,"
one which I shall never forget. On our way
back we spent a day in Batteau while the rain
poured down upon the decks and the fog grew
"ticker and ticker," as our skipper described it.
From early morning until late at night it was
just one steady round of patients. \Ve ate
our meals in hasty silence and went back to
work again, but it took a long time to get
around the whole wiuter's accumulation of
troubles-both legal and physical-that were
awaiting the "Doctor's" judgment and diagnoses.
Seventy schooners or more lay
anchored in that one harbor alone, and with
crews of at least four or five men each, one
can readily calculate that it must have meant
Quite a bit of a practice.
It would never do to omit mention of two
trips of the STRATHCONA into Hare Bay after
wood. Dr. Grenfell was obliged to remain
in St. Anthony for some committee meetings
and some ortholledic operating work. I picked
out five of the boy scouts and took them along
on the first trip to assist our regular crew in
loadillg the PENNSYLVANIA, one of the mission
barges, and the SnATu herself with some
twenty-seven cords of wood cut in eight-foot
lengths. It was good, stiff work and the
weather was warm, so that, but for a most
timely southwest wind blowing in 'from the
land, we should have perished from the combined
burden of heat and flies. The latter
were there in swarms. The hoys worked
steadily and well without a word of complaint
for twelve and a half hours the first day, and
eight the second, until our first load was
completed and we could haul up anchor and
AMONG THE DEEP-SEA FISHERS 97
sail, and, towing the barge behind us, put for
5t. Anthony. The second trip to Hare Bay
came later and was a vcry similar performance,
except that this time Mrs. Greene was
permitted to accompany me and we took along
ten boy scouts instead of five. It rained nearly
all the second day, but we toiled on regardless,c1ad
in our oilskin suits and "sou·westers."
My hat comes off to those boys for the way
the)" stood up to the log-lifting, dory-loading.
barge-stowing, back-bending work. Most of
thcm were growing stronger by the hour, and
I fully believe that the summer's work was
as good for them as it was valuable lor the
Time and space fail me to describe the
5TRATIICO:-lA'S first trill into the Straits of
Belle Isle. You must read the Log lor a full
account. At Red Bay, when we wellt ashore,
Minnie Pike had some eighteen mats all
hooked and ready for shipment to Boston. At
\\'est St. Modeste, two fishermen, brothers,
had made some splendid scroll saw toys out
of wood from the patterns we left them last
BOSTON BOY SCOUTS DRESsEo IN CAST-OFF
AMONG THE DEEP-SEA FISHERS
In order to meet the ever increasing cost of supplies, the necessity of increased
salaries to staff and workmen, the cost of construction llot yet paid ior, and
to provide for the completion of the water-works, wharf and new store at St.
Anthony, a total sum of $70,cxx> has been placed as the Budget estimate for
1918. Your Directors feel that the above mentioned items are absolutely necessary
and they have to rely on the generosity of friends to meet these urgent
The Board wishes to convey its warmest appreciation to the many subscribers
and to all who ha\·e rendered help in the past, and desires again 10 take this
opportunily of recording its assurances of loyalty and support to its Superintendent,
For the Directors,
S1. John's, Newfoundland.
WILLIAM C. JOR, Chairmall.
April 13th, 1918.
REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT, YEAR [917
To THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF
THE INTERNATIOXAL GRENFELL ASSOCIATION, INCORPORATED:
The past year has been an eventful one, both wilh our people and with our
work. The ripples of the great war have not left even our distant shores untouched.
\Ve are thankful to say that the economic condition of the fishermen
has, on the whole, been improved; though this has been more marked further
south, owing to the excellent herring fishery. The necessities of life have increased
in cost a hundredfold, but the price of and demand for fish has kept pace with
this, due to the scarcity of proteid food in Europe. Transport, however, has been
infinitely more expensi,'e and much less efficient-while a steady stream of our
best young men going to join the colors reduces the earning capac.ity out of all
proportion to other communities. Our old men, the women, and the partially
unfit are not capable of the demands of our only industry, and unlike places in
the States and Canada, the war has thus far offered no new openings for labor.
In addition conscription has been adopted.
The difference between the condition of the people of the North and those
who live further South has therefore been greatly accentuated anrl is likely to
continue so as long as the war lasts.
Meanwhile there are reasons for hoping for better conditions in the future.
The difficulty of getting salt from the Mediterranean has at last turned
attention to the importance of modernizing our method of preserving an invaluable
proteid food supply. The British Government has sent ont experts, with
the result that already one huge cold storage plant has been erected in St. John's,
and a second is in proces'!> of construction. The success suggests that soon more
will be placed further north, nearer the main fishing grounds. An agent for the
British Government is now making preparations for the extension of this venture.
England, moreover, offers even now to take all our fish, and this will not
only give us the long sought for extra market, and incidentally improved prices,
but is likely to be permanent-for the fish wil1 now be sent to market in a form
in which there is always a demand for it.
We have, however, to face the facts that, while it is always desirable to
have a seafaring population along a coast which returns so rich a supply of food,
altering conditions may make it wiser to aim at helping more settlers to move to
a place where their labor is so greatly in demand all the year round, and trust
entirely to a transient fishing fleet during the summer months to reap and carry
south, before the sea freezes, the harvest of the sea which the world needs.
The value of our other products is temporarily adding to the potential wealth
of the Coast. Whales, sharks, dogfish, offal, seals, and every animal product
AMONG THE DEEP-SEA FISHERS "5
first time wc havc had a waiting list of children who were really eligible. Forty
children have been in the Home, thirty-eight of whom are still there. One poor
lad, Stewart Montague, succumbed to tuberculosis. The several children taken
to America by our workers for education and uplift are all doing- well. Some of
our old boys alas, havc gone to the war; and yet not "alas," for we would consider
that all our efforts had been in vain to prepare our lads for life, if wheu it came
to be willing to die for the things for which Christ died, they failed to display
the possession of His spirit.
One encouraging feature of the work has been the adoption by friends in
America and England of some more of our children-thc fairy godmothers being
responsible for their maintenance and keeping in personal touch with the children.
This system is being worked in America, especially for the benefit of the children
of Breton fishermen, whose fathers have fallen in the war and left them unprovided
One thing is necessary-a more efficient and more economical plant for
housing the children. The old wood building is worn out already. The storms have
shaken it; the green wood of its timbers has contracted; the accommodation-the
result of patchwork enlargement-is inadequate, and demands twice the energ-y
which it should from its devoted managers. Permission to start raising a Brick
Orphanage Fund having been obtained at Christmas, we have asked the children
who have enjoyed a more favored condition in life to send us at least a brick
a piece, at a cost of twenty-five cents-and a good start has already been made.
Our heartiest thanks are due to ]\fiss Dewick and Miss Neilly, who have been
standing most devotedly by Miss Spalding and the work, through this terribly
The Medical and Surgical \-Vork shows a very satisfactory ycar of accomplishment.
Not only have more of our friends in trouble sought the help of the
hospitals, but they have also contributed considerably more toward the expenses
of the upkeep of the work. This was partly due to the patients coming from
long distances, who needed operative treatment, and who were able to afford
somewhat larger donations. But the hooks show that all around the people
recognized the expenses in which the war had involved the mission and ral1ied
round it morc than evcr before.
Owing to the intense need for marc man-power in England, special recruiting
efforts have further depleted our malc population, and rccently, conscription
has also been introduced. \Vhat the results will be this year it is impossible to
say. In our small communities it forebodes seriolls conditions, wc fear, and
unquestionably, there will be fcwer crcws available for fishing.
The exact figures regarding the number of paticnts treated at each of our
stations compared with last year are presented to yOll by the secretary. Outpatients
were about cight thousand as compared with seven thousand last year;
the in-patients six hundred, as compared with live hundrcd last year. The
number of days spent in hospital was rather less, our cases being less chronic
than in the previous year, and more of the acute type.
Naturally the actual expense per day per patient was increascd due to the
rise in prices; but owing to the strictest economies the total
AMONG THE DEEP-SEA FISHERS
service deserves our sincerest thanks. The teachers who visit these small seulements,
in the estimation of many of our friends, are one or" the most invaluable
agencies for helpfulness. Miss 1o.1uir is building a small settlement school herself
The library work was also greatly extended this year. Through the help of
librarian friends in New York, we were able to secure Miss :May Angell as resi·
dent for the year. She not only carried on the library work and ran many
classes, but as a "story-telling" librarian was able to establish the link between
the book and the public, which is very often a missing one. Miss Curtis is
voluntarily carrying on her work, Miss Angel having- become the wife of the
Rev. Dr. Edgar Jones, who did such excellent missionary work along the
Labrador coast in his youth, and whose visit this year we greatly appreciated.
The Inn has accomplished its first year. It has proyed itself most valuable,
and deserves our loyal support. Mr. John Newell, one of our own orphans
from Labrador, educated partly in America, has charge of it, and gives great
satisfaction. It has proved a great addition and relief to the hospital clinic, and
a real comfort to the patients arriving in numbers by the steamer, and to theIr
friends and relatives whom we cannot possibly accommodate in the hospital.
It is absolutely imperative, however, to add another large room to accommodate
the many boarders and workers to make the enterprise self-supporting instead of
an expense to the Mission budget.
The new CLUETT, bought during the year, has proved herself worthy of
that honored name. It is true, she is not the actual wood and nails that were
dedicated to her high service in the presence and lifetime of our dear friend;
but the first boat solved the problem, besides giving us experience to work upon,
and the new boat is more than accomplishing all Mr. Cluett anticipated. The
good friends who advanced the extra money to enable us to purchase GEORGE B.
CLUETI, II. have been repaid out of her earnings, and a small sinking fund is
already being established. Captain Pickels is still in charge. He made a successful
trip "down North" with all supplies for our hospital stations and has just
accomplished a voyage lo Brazil, to Bahia and to New York, and now again is
leaving" for the North with a full load of supplies for the year f918-J919. ·He is
an able and accomplished seaman, and his task is no sinecure in these days.
The STRATHCONA'S steel hull was ever only three-eighths of an inch thick, and
it has pitted and corroded after twenty years work, so that the lining had to
be torn out of the cabins and the plates chipped inside. The crew's cabin is
twelve by fifteen feet, and only six and a half feet high, but no less than :'I
thousand pounds of iron rust by weight came out of it, and the sleel ribs are
so depleted, that the edges of same would cut one's hands badly. She must have
new plates put in next fall if possible to strengthen her, and also some new ribs
to strengthen her frame work.
The Seaman's Institute at St. John's, the largest single unit we have, has
had its most successful year yet under the able care of Dr. Grieve and Mr. \V. H.
Jones. Its work has been greatly increased and its financial position has improved.
The satisfactory thing is that it increasingly fulfills the purpose for which it
was originally undertaken.
Prohibition has come into force, and saloon accommodation is practically
eliminated. One of our Newfoundland's ablest seamen told me, "It is like
Sunday every day in St. John's now." The Institute accordingly fills a very much
enlarged gap, and it is the olltport fishermen who arc filling it.
Many new additions have been added to the attractiveness of the plant. It
needs painting inside, and some few constructional expenses we are very anxious
to secure from without, so as not to trespass on our current income. About $250
would probably cover this; warmly indeed can we commend this need to anyone
AMONG THE DEEP-SEA FISHERS
A LETTER FROM THE GOVERNOR OF NEWFOUNDLAND
The Directors of the
INTERNATIONAL GRENFELL ASSOCIATION,
S1. John's, Newfoundland.
St. John's Nfld.
July 23rd, 1917.
I have the honor to express to you my thanks for the hospitality afforded by
you to the women and children among the shipwrecked passengers of the S. S.
KRISTIANIAFJORD, during their stay at S1. John's; and would ask you to convey
the expression of my gratitude to Mrs. Jones and her active helpers in
the care and kindness shown to the J80 helpless persons who were so suddenly
thrown upon their hands.
I have the honour to be,
Your most obedient servant,
\V. E. DAVIDSON,
St. John's, Newfoundland.
April 6th, J918.
The International Grenfell Association,
We certify that we have examined and compared with the Books and
Vouchers of the Association, for the year ended 31st December, 1917, the
following Accounts, copies of which, bearing our signature, are attached hereto:
Income and Expenditure Account.
KING GEORGE THE FIFTH SEAMEN'S INSTITUTE.
Income and Expenditure Account.
LADlES' AUXILIARY OF THE GIRLS DEPARTMENT.
Profit & Loss Account.
SCHOONER GEORGE B. CLUETT No.2.
Income and Expenditure Account.
Income and Expenditure Account.
and we report to the Association that in our opinion the said Accounts are
properly drawn tip so as to exhibit a true and correct view.of the state of
affairs of the Association, according to the best of our infonnation and the
explanations we have received, and as shown by the Books. We have verified
the Cash Balances in S1. John's.
G. N. READ, SoN & WATSON,
INCOME AND £,XPENOITURE FOR THE YEAR EX'DED
CoNrib,dwas 01 AssoriatioPl.l lor
Grenfell Association of America,
New York .......•........... $20000.00
New England Grenfell Association,
Royal National Mission to Deep
Sea Fishermen, London.. 11795.52
Labrador Medical Mission, Ottawa 8950.00
Grenfell Assn. of Newfoundland:
Subscriptions 1040.00 6040.00 $56785.5