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&Ell BAY, STRAIT OF BELLE ISLE, LlUlltAOOll

"But you've ne,"er fed and dothed the whole

lot for six months?"

"Oh I Well them's worked at the ground

and we never could ha\'e done without them."

This last came somewhat shamefacedly and

then a sudden, "\Ve's haven't had to buy no

more grub for th' summer."

In these days it does e\"er)'one good to meet

such an optimist. We all felt this alone paid

the cost of visiting the mill. His son Jimmy,

..'ho is lame, had somehow guessed "we'd be:

in soon," and had caught twO large lobsters

which he had kept tied up to the stage in

order that we might hne them fresh. Alas I

\\'hen we went for them, they had "cut loose."

Here, too, we had a great many patients.

Indeed it "'as so long since a doctor had be:en

able to get round, and so many had waited

our arrival that we had nine patients to carry

back to hospital and several more to send on

round by the mail-steamer,

Dr, Andrews' special work on the eye is a

godsend to our peoille. Eye troubles are 50

common and really can for more than a Jackof-all-trades

is able to give, be he ever so

willing. The pretty little Catholic settlement

at Conche also gave us plenty to do, The

generosity and home life of these peOllle make

a visit there as grateful as an oasis in a desert.

There would ne,"er be religious JW'nti,:utions

if men worshipped the spirit and not the Idter.

Till time t"nds, one man will gro\\' strong on

vt"gc:tablc:s while another does good work on a

high proteid diet. If the fruit is tht" test of

valuc:s, why do we quarrel o\"er the method

that produces it? Smallpox had left its mark

on this village since last we called here. Our

old friend, Father Thibaut. was "hall-marked"

with it. War had also taken its toll, and the

father and mother, who-'Il'hen we last came

in-were proudly showing us the medal the

King had gil'en their son for gallantry, were

weeping that he had paid "the last full measure

of devotion."

The troop of boy scouts from Boston at St.

Anthony ha\'e been doing really wonderful

work. When first they arrived and I introduced

them to our outside foreman as "his

gang" to lay the water-pipes and dig the

trenches, he took me aside and said "Better

send them picking daisies, Doctor," They

were in store dothes then. This time we

came in they were in working uniforms, and

Rube: (the foreman) eonfided to me that he

was "fairly knocked out" b)' what they had

accomplished. "j wouldn't ha\'e be:lie\'ed it

was in them to stick to it as they do," he

said. That's where the rub usually eomes

.....ith young people. Indeed the six foot deep

trench .....as not only outlined aU the way and

partly cut as well, but the pipe was down

and closed in over a hundred yards. So while

we stayed and "cleaned up" the work at hospital

and home, the little STRATHCONA took

the PENNSYLVANIA up the bay and all the

boys had a change loading logs from which

trip they returned late next night, tanned,

fl)"-bitten. but in the best of humor.

Hospital was now full, and ever)' one

happy and busy. Only the old shingles were

leaking badly and there was no money for

construction. \Ve are so much hoping we

will get the money for a new hospital we are

all the time delaying, but it was getting as

they sa.y here "heyant all" and two of our

lady "olunteers ""ho had been inspecting the

tiles came and \"olunteerc:d to ha"e it put

right. We shall soon all be: under their roof.

Tht" schooner, wr«ked ht"re last fall, .....hich

our lads had raised and repaired, was just


ized and the hospital was fast filling with

patieuts. As we progressed down the coast it

hecame evident that the fish had not been

very plentiful. The men were waiting

patiently, even hopefully, lout the cold weather

and the nnusual amount of ice seemed to

combine to keep the fish away and to give

the men difficulty in safely placing and hauling

their nets. It was certainly good to SCI'.

the PaddollS and Miss Carlson at Indian

Harbor again. In spite of coal shortage they

seemed to have survived the winter at North

\Vest River very successfully. Little Tony

and Harry were delightfully rosy and fat.

They all combined to give us the usual fine

welcome, and the enthusiasm for news-both

Mission and International-kept the two

doctors at it until late into the night. Sunday

we had services hoth afternoon and evening

in the chapel, Dr. GrenfelI giving the talk in

the evening upon the "Light of the World,"

one which I shall never forget. On our way

back we spent a day in Batteau while the rain

poured down upon the decks and the fog grew

"ticker and ticker," as our skipper described it.

From early morning until late at night it was

just one steady round of patients. \Ve ate

our meals in hasty silence and went back to

work again, but it took a long time to get

around the whole wiuter's accumulation of

troubles-both legal and physical-that were

awaiting the "Doctor's" judgment and diagnoses.

Seventy schooners or more lay

anchored in that one harbor alone, and with

crews of at least four or five men each, one

can readily calculate that it must have meant

Quite a bit of a practice.

It would never do to omit mention of two

trips of the STRATHCONA into Hare Bay after

wood. Dr. Grenfell was obliged to remain

in St. Anthony for some committee meetings

and some ortholledic operating work. I picked

out five of the boy scouts and took them along

on the first trip to assist our regular crew in

loadillg the PENNSYLVANIA, one of the mission

barges, and the SnATu herself with some

twenty-seven cords of wood cut in eight-foot

lengths. It was good, stiff work and the

weather was warm, so that, but for a most

timely southwest wind blowing in 'from the

land, we should have perished from the combined

burden of heat and flies. The latter

were there in swarms. The hoys worked

steadily and well without a word of complaint

for twelve and a half hours the first day, and

eight the second, until our first load was

completed and we could haul up anchor and

AMONG THE DEEP-SEA FISHERS 97

sail, and, towing the barge behind us, put for

5t. Anthony. The second trip to Hare Bay

came later and was a vcry similar performance,

except that this time Mrs. Greene was

permitted to accompany me and we took along

ten boy scouts instead of five. It rained nearly

all the second day, but we toiled on regardless,c1ad

in our oilskin suits and "sou·westers."

My hat comes off to those boys for the way

the)" stood up to the log-lifting, dory-loading.

barge-stowing, back-bending work. Most of

thcm were growing stronger by the hour, and

I fully believe that the summer's work was

as good for them as it was valuable lor the

mission.

Time and space fail me to describe the

5TRATIICO:-lA'S first trill into the Straits of

Belle Isle. You must read the Log lor a full

account. At Red Bay, when we wellt ashore,

Minnie Pike had some eighteen mats all

hooked and ready for shipment to Boston. At

\\'est St. Modeste, two fishermen, brothers,

had made some splendid scroll saw toys out

of wood from the patterns we left them last

BOSTON BOY SCOUTS DRESsEo IN CAST-OFF

BRITIStr UNIFORMS


AMONG THE DEEP-SEA FISHERS

In order to meet the ever increasing cost of supplies, the necessity of increased

salaries to staff and workmen, the cost of construction llot yet paid ior, and

to provide for the completion of the water-works, wharf and new store at St.

Anthony, a total sum of $70,cxx> has been placed as the Budget estimate for

1918. Your Directors feel that the above mentioned items are absolutely necessary

and they have to rely on the generosity of friends to meet these urgent

demands.

The Board wishes to convey its warmest appreciation to the many subscribers

and to all who ha\·e rendered help in the past, and desires again 10 take this

opportunily of recording its assurances of loyalty and support to its Superintendent,

Dr. Grenfell.

For the Directors,

S1. John's, Newfoundland.

WILLIAM C. JOR, Chairmall.

April 13th, 1918.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT, YEAR [917

To THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF

THE INTERNATIOXAL GRENFELL ASSOCIATION, INCORPORATED:

The past year has been an eventful one, both wilh our people and with our

work. The ripples of the great war have not left even our distant shores untouched.

\Ve are thankful to say that the economic condition of the fishermen

has, on the whole, been improved; though this has been more marked further

south, owing to the excellent herring fishery. The necessities of life have increased

in cost a hundredfold, but the price of and demand for fish has kept pace with

this, due to the scarcity of proteid food in Europe. Transport, however, has been

infinitely more expensi,'e and much less efficient-while a steady stream of our

best young men going to join the colors reduces the earning capac.ity out of all

proportion to other communities. Our old men, the women, and the partially

unfit are not capable of the demands of our only industry, and unlike places in

the States and Canada, the war has thus far offered no new openings for labor.

In addition conscription has been adopted.

The difference between the condition of the people of the North and those

who live further South has therefore been greatly accentuated anrl is likely to

continue so as long as the war lasts.

Meanwhile there are reasons for hoping for better conditions in the future.

The difficulty of getting salt from the Mediterranean has at last turned

attention to the importance of modernizing our method of preserving an invaluable

proteid food supply. The British Government has sent ont experts, with

the result that already one huge cold storage plant has been erected in St. John's,

and a second is in proces'!> of construction. The success suggests that soon more

will be placed further north, nearer the main fishing grounds. An agent for the

British Government is now making preparations for the extension of this venture.

England, moreover, offers even now to take all our fish, and this will not

only give us the long sought for extra market, and incidentally improved prices,

but is likely to be permanent-for the fish wil1 now be sent to market in a form

in which there is always a demand for it.

We have, however, to face the facts that, while it is always desirable to

have a seafaring population along a coast which returns so rich a supply of food,

altering conditions may make it wiser to aim at helping more settlers to move to

a place where their labor is so greatly in demand all the year round, and trust

entirely to a transient fishing fleet during the summer months to reap and carry

south, before the sea freezes, the harvest of the sea which the world needs.

The value of our other products is temporarily adding to the potential wealth

of the Coast. Whales, sharks, dogfish, offal, seals, and every animal product


AMONG THE DEEP-SEA FISHERS "5

first time wc havc had a waiting list of children who were really eligible. Forty

children have been in the Home, thirty-eight of whom are still there. One poor

lad, Stewart Montague, succumbed to tuberculosis. The several children taken

to America by our workers for education and uplift are all doing- well. Some of

our old boys alas, havc gone to the war; and yet not "alas," for we would consider

that all our efforts had been in vain to prepare our lads for life, if wheu it came

to be willing to die for the things for which Christ died, they failed to display

the possession of His spirit.

One encouraging feature of the work has been the adoption by friends in

America and England of some more of our children-thc fairy godmothers being

responsible for their maintenance and keeping in personal touch with the children.

This system is being worked in America, especially for the benefit of the children

of Breton fishermen, whose fathers have fallen in the war and left them unprovided

for.

One thing is necessary-a more efficient and more economical plant for

housing the children. The old wood building is worn out already. The storms have

shaken it; the green wood of its timbers has contracted; the accommodation-the

result of patchwork enlargement-is inadequate, and demands twice the energ-y

which it should from its devoted managers. Permission to start raising a Brick

Orphanage Fund having been obtained at Christmas, we have asked the children

who have enjoyed a more favored condition in life to send us at least a brick

a piece, at a cost of twenty-five cents-and a good start has already been made.

Our heartiest thanks are due to ]\fiss Dewick and Miss Neilly, who have been

standing most devotedly by Miss Spalding and the work, through this terribly

trying period.

The Medical and Surgical \-Vork shows a very satisfactory ycar of accomplishment.

Not only have more of our friends in trouble sought the help of the

hospitals, but they have also contributed considerably more toward the expenses

of the upkeep of the work. This was partly due to the patients coming from

long distances, who needed operative treatment, and who were able to afford

somewhat larger donations. But the hooks show that all around the people

recognized the expenses in which the war had involved the mission and ral1ied

round it morc than evcr before.

Owing to the intense need for marc man-power in England, special recruiting

efforts have further depleted our malc population, and rccently, conscription

has also been introduced. \Vhat the results will be this year it is impossible to

say. In our small communities it forebodes seriolls conditions, wc fear, and

unquestionably, there will be fcwer crcws available for fishing.

The exact figures regarding the number of paticnts treated at each of our

stations compared with last year are presented to yOll by the secretary. Outpatients

were about cight thousand as compared with seven thousand last year;

the in-patients six hundred, as compared with live hundrcd last year. The

number of days spent in hospital was rather less, our cases being less chronic

than in the previous year, and more of the acute type.

Naturally the actual expense per day per patient was increascd due to the

rise in prices; but owing to the strictest economies the total


AMONG THE DEEP-SEA FISHERS

service deserves our sincerest thanks. The teachers who visit these small seulements,

in the estimation of many of our friends, are one or" the most invaluable

agencies for helpfulness. Miss 1o.1uir is building a small settlement school herself

this year.

The library work was also greatly extended this year. Through the help of

librarian friends in New York, we were able to secure Miss :May Angell as resi·

dent for the year. She not only carried on the library work and ran many

classes, but as a "story-telling" librarian was able to establish the link between

the book and the public, which is very often a missing one. Miss Curtis is

voluntarily carrying on her work, Miss Angel having- become the wife of the

Rev. Dr. Edgar Jones, who did such excellent missionary work along the

Labrador coast in his youth, and whose visit this year we greatly appreciated.

The Inn has accomplished its first year. It has proyed itself most valuable,

and deserves our loyal support. Mr. John Newell, one of our own orphans

from Labrador, educated partly in America, has charge of it, and gives great

satisfaction. It has proved a great addition and relief to the hospital clinic, and

a real comfort to the patients arriving in numbers by the steamer, and to theIr

friends and relatives whom we cannot possibly accommodate in the hospital.

It is absolutely imperative, however, to add another large room to accommodate

the many boarders and workers to make the enterprise self-supporting instead of

an expense to the Mission budget.

The new CLUETT, bought during the year, has proved herself worthy of

that honored name. It is true, she is not the actual wood and nails that were

dedicated to her high service in the presence and lifetime of our dear friend;

but the first boat solved the problem, besides giving us experience to work upon,

and the new boat is more than accomplishing all Mr. Cluett anticipated. The

good friends who advanced the extra money to enable us to purchase GEORGE B.

CLUETI, II. have been repaid out of her earnings, and a small sinking fund is

already being established. Captain Pickels is still in charge. He made a successful

trip "down North" with all supplies for our hospital stations and has just

accomplished a voyage lo Brazil, to Bahia and to New York, and now again is

leaving" for the North with a full load of supplies for the year f918-J919. ·He is

an able and accomplished seaman, and his task is no sinecure in these days.

The STRATHCONA'S steel hull was ever only three-eighths of an inch thick, and

it has pitted and corroded after twenty years work, so that the lining had to

be torn out of the cabins and the plates chipped inside. The crew's cabin is

twelve by fifteen feet, and only six and a half feet high, but no less than :'I

thousand pounds of iron rust by weight came out of it, and the sleel ribs are

so depleted, that the edges of same would cut one's hands badly. She must have

new plates put in next fall if possible to strengthen her, and also some new ribs

to strengthen her frame work.

The Seaman's Institute at St. John's, the largest single unit we have, has

had its most successful year yet under the able care of Dr. Grieve and Mr. \V. H.

Jones. Its work has been greatly increased and its financial position has improved.

The satisfactory thing is that it increasingly fulfills the purpose for which it

was originally undertaken.

Prohibition has come into force, and saloon accommodation is practically

eliminated. One of our Newfoundland's ablest seamen told me, "It is like

Sunday every day in St. John's now." The Institute accordingly fills a very much

enlarged gap, and it is the olltport fishermen who arc filling it.

Many new additions have been added to the attractiveness of the plant. It

needs painting inside, and some few constructional expenses we are very anxious

to secure from without, so as not to trespass on our current income. About $250

would probably cover this; warmly indeed can we commend this need to anyone


AMONG THE DEEP-SEA FISHERS

A LETTER FROM THE GOVERNOR OF NEWFOUNDLAND

The Directors of the

INTERNATIONAL GRENFELL ASSOCIATION,

S1. John's, Newfoundland.

Government House,

St. John's Nfld.

July 23rd, 1917.

Gentlemen:

I have the honor to express to you my thanks for the hospitality afforded by

you to the women and children among the shipwrecked passengers of the S. S.

KRISTIANIAFJORD, during their stay at S1. John's; and would ask you to convey

the expression of my gratitude to Mrs. Jones and her active helpers in

the care and kindness shown to the J80 helpless persons who were so suddenly

thrown upon their hands.

I have the honour to be,

Gentlemen,

AUDITOR'S CERTIFICATE

Your most obedient servant,

\V. E. DAVIDSON,

Governor.

St. John's, Newfoundland.

April 6th, J918.

The International Grenfell Association,

City:

We certify that we have examined and compared with the Books and

Vouchers of the Association, for the year ended 31st December, 1917, the

following Accounts, copies of which, bearing our signature, are attached hereto:

GENERAL FUND.

Balance Sheet.

Income and Expenditure Account.

KING GEORGE THE FIFTH SEAMEN'S INSTITUTE.

Balance Sheet.

Income and Expenditure Account.

LADlES' AUXILIARY OF THE GIRLS DEPARTMENT.

Balance Sheet.

Profit & Loss Account.

SCHOONER GEORGE B. CLUETT No.2.

Income and Expenditure Account.

Balance Sheet.

INDUSTRIAL DEPARTMENT.

Balance Sheet.

Income and Expenditure Account.

and we report to the Association that in our opinion the said Accounts are

properly drawn tip so as to exhibit a true and correct view.of the state of

affairs of the Association, according to the best of our infonnation and the

explanations we have received, and as shown by the Books. We have verified

the Cash Balances in S1. John's.

G. N. READ, SoN & WATSON,

Chartered Accoutltallts,

Auditors.


INCOME.

INCOME AND £,XPENOITURE FOR THE YEAR EX'DED

CoNrib,dwas 01 AssoriatioPl.l lor

&(ai"ttJlOllu-

Grenfell Association of America,

New York .......•........... $20000.00

New England Grenfell Association,

Boston.

Royal National Mission to Deep

Sea Fishermen, London.. 11795.52

Labrador Medical Mission, Ottawa 8950.00

Grenfell Assn. of Newfoundland:

Government Grants..$5000.00

Subscriptions 1040.00 6040.00 $56785.5

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