Views
5 years ago

Exchanging Medieval Material Culture Studies on archaeology and ...

Exchanging Medieval Material Culture Studies on archaeology and ...

Ename

Ename and the Ottonian west border policy in the middle Scheldt region Dirk Callebaut 1 Introduction Professor emeritus Frans Verhaeghe is known for his sharp observations. He is oft en at his best when discussing the complicated relationship between history and archaeology. At the end of the 80s he showed his sense of realism when he ventured to say that there was a big gap between the two sister disciplines, mentioning that: “historians are looking for a ‘tame archaeologist’ and archaeologists appeal to a ‘domesticated historian’.” 1. He rightly wanted to see this changed. In his theoretical writings as well as in practice he devoted himself to the idea that archaeology and history are equal partners in the exploration of the past. Th is ideal certainly was inspired by his academic education, as the University of Ghent gave him the opportunity to link his schooling as a historian to his training as an archaeologist. Sadly enough, this unique combination of disciplines is no longer part of the university’s curriculum. Frans Verhaege’s views inspired a number of researchers, and I was one of them. In addition, the late Heli Roosens, director of the former National Service for Excavations (ndo), and, later on, Guy De Boe, director of the former Institute for the Archaeological Patrimony (iap) – now the Flemish Heritage Institute (vioe) – stimulated me to investigate the early medieval habitation and defence in the Scheldt valley. I realized then that the interaction between archaeological and historical disciplines was one of the special challenges of the whole project. And Ename proved to be a magnifi cent case. It is situated on the right bank of the Scheldt, the river that formed the borderline between Francia Occidentalis and Francia Orientalis from 925. During the 10th and the fi rst half of the 11th century Ename developed into a power base of international importance. A fortress, a pre-urban settlement with a harbour, tollage and market rights and two portus churches made Ename an 1 Verhaeghe 1990, 528-529. 2 Milis & Callebaut 1990, 459-497. 217 important base of support for Ottonian interests in the middle Scheldt area. Th is story suddenly ended when the count of Flanders, the political opponent across the river, took possession of Ename in 1047 and founded a benedictine abbey that lasted until the French Revolution. Th ese fascinating events are documented by diverse sources that off er a rich variety of research possibilities. Th e theme has indeed captivated historians as well as archaeologists for decades. A fi rst critical survey of what the historical and archaeological sources tell us about Ename was launched in 1988. Th e occasion was a colloquium organised by the Municipal Bank in Spa on the ‘Origin and Earliest History of the ong>Medievalong> Cities in the Southern Netherlands: an Archaeological and Historical Problem’. It was one of those rare moments when archaeologists and historians met to discuss a common theme: the genesis of urban life. As far as pre-urban Ename was concerned, L. Milis of the Ghent University described the occupation history, relying on the written sources. My contribution was to confront the results of the archaeological investigations with the historical fi ndings. Th e fi rst excavations at Ename took place between 1941 and 1947, when A.L.J. Van de Walle exposed part of the castrum and the abbey church. Aft er a trial excavation in 1978 the archaeological research was taken up again from 1982 onwards by the ndo/iap/vioe2. Since the colloquium in Spa the Ename fi le gathered more depth. Historical geography, building history, scientifi c technical research and the study of the material culture brought new insights. Excavations in Velzeke and Ghent also helped to situate the villa Iham in a broader political framework. Th e intergovernmental collaboration between the Flemish Region via the iap/vioe, the government of the province of East Flanders and the town council of Oudenaarde was of the utmost importance for the success of the investigation. Th is resulted in a

  • Page 1 and 2:

    Exchanging

  • Page 3 and 4:

    Exchanging

  • Page 5 and 6:

    Contents 9 Preface 11 Th e nine liv

  • Page 7:

    303 La dotation funéraire des tomb

  • Page 10 and 11:

    10 preface and Dutch specialists in

  • Page 12 and 13:

    12 dries Tys historian, Professor A

  • Page 14 and 15:

    14 dries Tys Fig. 2 Frans looking a

  • Page 16 and 17:

    16 dries Tys Fig. 3 Frans with his

  • Page 18 and 19:

    18 dries Tys a project on the vecto

  • Page 21 and 22:

    Admiration in clay, devotion on pap

  • Page 23 and 24:

    At least ten glass objects were rec

  • Page 25 and 26:

    4 Pipe clay statues: Anna Selbdritt

  • Page 27 and 28:

    Fig. 8 Frontispiece of Rudolf Agric

  • Page 29 and 30:

    Bibliography akkerman f. 1994: Agri

  • Page 31 and 32:

    New Style Classification System Hem

  • Page 33 and 34:

    Fig. 2 Base types of dishes and pla

  • Page 35 and 36:

    TabLE 1 Preliminary typological cla

  • Page 37 and 38:

    were used for displaying or serving

  • Page 39 and 40:

    Fig. 11 19th-century dish, Frieslan

  • Page 41:

    nijhof e. 2007: De pottenbakkerij.

  • Page 44 and 45:

    44 Alexandra De Poorter 2.2 Signifi

  • Page 46 and 47:

    46 Alexandra De Poorter utilisait u

  • Page 48 and 49:

    48 Alexandra De Poorter Fig. 3 Trip

  • Page 50 and 51:

    50 5 1 Alexandra De Poorter 9 13 11

  • Page 52 and 53:

    52 Alexandra De Poorter Fig. 9 Ecue

  • Page 54 and 55:

    54 Alexandra De Poorter laleman m.

  • Page 56 and 57:

    56 Geoff Egan Conventions used in s

  • Page 58 and 59:

    58 Geoff Egan Most of almost thirty

  • Page 60 and 61:

    60 Geoff Egan Several have been fou

  • Page 62 and 63:

    62 Geoff Egan Fig. 3 Parallel for S

  • Page 64 and 65:

    64 Geoff Egan Bibliography arts n.

  • Page 66 and 67:

    66 Geoff Egan nijhof e. 2007: Hande

  • Page 68 and 69:

    68 George Haggarty & Derek Hall Fig

  • Page 70 and 71:

    70 George Haggarty & Derek Hall 3.6

  • Page 72 and 73:

    72 George Haggarty & Derek Hall lam

  • Page 74 and 75:

    74 George Haggarty & Derek Hall All

  • Page 76 and 77:

    76 Bieke Hillewaert the Hoogstraat

  • Page 78 and 79:

    78 15 Ibid., 134. Bieke Hillewaert

  • Page 81 and 82:

    Red-painted and glazed ware of the

  • Page 83 and 84:

    of references and studies for Franc

  • Page 85 and 86:

    3 4 A PALENCIA A Red-painted and gl

  • Page 87 and 88:

    5 Five main continental regions Giv

  • Page 89 and 90:

    galinié h. 1982: La céramique pei

  • Page 91:

    Red-painted and glazed ware of the

  • Page 94 and 95:

    94 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof A

  • Page 96 and 97:

    96 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof f

  • Page 98 and 99:

    98 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof f

  • Page 100 and 101:

    100 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 102 and 103:

    102 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 104 and 105:

    104 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 106 and 107:

    106 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 108 and 109:

    108 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 110 and 111:

    110 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 112 and 113:

    112 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 114 and 115:

    114 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 116 and 117:

    116 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 118 and 119:

    118 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 120 and 121:

    120 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 122 and 123:

    122 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 124 and 125:

    124 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 126 and 127:

    126 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 128 and 129:

    128 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 130 and 131:

    130 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 132 and 133:

    132 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 134 and 135:

    134 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 136 and 137:

    136 Hans L. Janssen & Eddie Nijhof

  • Page 138 and 139:

    138 Sarah Jennings Th e urinal is 1

  • Page 140 and 141:

    140 Sarah Jennings Fig. 3 Early-16t

  • Page 142 and 143:

    142 Sarah Jennings Bibliography all

  • Page 144 and 145:

    144 Marnix Pieters Fig. 1 Th ree in

  • Page 146 and 147:

    146 Marnix Pieters result of archae

  • Page 148 and 149:

    148 Marnix Pieters unity of three m

  • Page 150 and 151:

    150 Marnix Pieters In short, this s

  • Page 152 and 153:

    152 Marnix Pieters Bibliography arm

  • Page 155 and 156:

    Tripod ewers from medieval househol

  • Page 157 and 158:

    Fig. 1 Tripod ewer forms and schema

  • Page 159 and 160:

    now to the ‘Master of the Prado A

  • Page 161 and 162:

    Fig. 4 Recorded heights for Group B

  • Page 163 and 164:

    fl aring mouth: seemingly a scaled

  • Page 165 and 166: APPENDIX 1 Metallurgical analysis o
  • Page 167 and 168: 22. Black Abbey, Kilkenny (Dominica
  • Page 169 and 170: 12-20, 1, Lewis et al 1987, Appendi
  • Page 171 and 172: 160. Present location unknown; vari
  • Page 173 and 174: cooper canon j. h. 1899: Th e fi nd
  • Page 175 and 176: edknap m. 2001: Objects of Copper A
  • Page 177 and 178: Sherds from a church. Maiolica prod
  • Page 179 and 180: 4 Biscuit wares As has been demonst
  • Page 181 and 182: (small) albarelli, the decoration i
  • Page 183 and 184: Fig. 9 Floral decoration on a plate
  • Page 185 and 186: 6 Kiln material Along with vessel a
  • Page 187 and 188: Fig. 20 Rim fragment of a plate wit
  • Page 189 and 190: An overview of the dated stoneware
  • Page 191 and 192: 14 Vlierman 2005. 15 Vlierman m.m.v
  • Page 193 and 194: 30 Vlierman in preparation. 31 File
  • Page 195 and 196: 42 File n.i.s.a. 43 Reinders & Oost
  • Page 197 and 198: 49 Pedersen, 1996, 103-105; r.i.n.g
  • Page 199 and 200: An overview of the dated stoneware
  • Page 201 and 202: Fig. 27 Cargo vessel Lz 1: small
  • Page 203 and 204: An overview of the dated stoneware
  • Page 205 and 206: The Merovingian cemetery of Broeche
  • Page 207 and 208: 0 5 m B Fig. 2 Excavation plan. 1:
  • Page 209 and 210: 3 Tentative chronology based on the
  • Page 211 and 212: 0 5 km On the other hand, a lot of
  • Page 213 and 214: Fig. 8 Hoard with 1 Byzantine solid
  • Page 215: The Merovingian cemetery of Broeche
  • Page 219 and 220: Th e county of Biest can be defi ne
  • Page 221 and 222: 0 5 m Ename and the Ottonian west b
  • Page 223 and 224: WEST FRANCIA EAST FRANCIA The Otton
  • Page 225 and 226: all important for the clan, presuma
  • Page 227 and 228: Th e situation was serious. Th e tw
  • Page 229 and 230: 3 1 2 0 100 m A B 4 Schelde Ename a
  • Page 231 and 232: properties before they took action
  • Page 233 and 234: negotiatores in merchato Kameracens
  • Page 235 and 236: Leie Petegem curtis S chelde Ename
  • Page 237 and 238: egion. Th is is not really surprisi
  • Page 239 and 240: Ename and the Ottonian west border
  • Page 241 and 242: Fig. 15 Ename, St. Lawrence’s Chu
  • Page 243 and 244: Th is meant the end of all the poli
  • Page 245 and 246: callebaut d., ameels v., bastiaens
  • Page 247 and 248: linssen c.a.a. 1981: Lotharingen 88
  • Page 249 and 250: The contribution of archaeological
  • Page 251 and 252: Hoezebeek 0 Siesegembeek 1km Hoezek
  • Page 253 and 254: with a bipartite manor, composed of
  • Page 255 and 256: eneath the stone road (fi g. 6). Th
  • Page 257 and 258: 0 10m from the natural bank; on the
  • Page 259 and 260: Fig. 9 Map of the Our-Holy-Lady Hos
  • Page 261 and 262: 3 5 11 2 4 7 12 8 9 10 6 13 0 5 m 1
  • Page 263 and 264: location, the spatial structure and
  • Page 265 and 266: The contribution of archaeological
  • Page 267 and 268:

    A good riddance of bad rubbish? 1 S

  • Page 269 and 270:

    street cleaning and regular rubbish

  • Page 271 and 272:

    1 3 4 2 A good riddance of bad rubb

  • Page 273 and 274:

    52 Sabine 1934, 315-316. 53 Ibid.,

  • Page 275 and 276:

    As we have noted above, it is likel

  • Page 277 and 278:

    Bibliography armstrong p. 1977: Exc

  • Page 279 and 280:

    Micro history, archaeology and the

  • Page 281 and 282:

    6 The night worker in the inn ‘De

  • Page 283 and 284:

    the sense that one is looking for a

  • Page 285 and 286:

    Danish sponsors, English lead, Viki

  • Page 287 and 288:

    3 Conclusion Abbot Étienne must ha

  • Page 289 and 290:

    Medieval moated si

  • Page 291 and 292:

    and (N-W-) Europe. Th e moats aroun

  • Page 293 and 294:

    Westende Th e comital estates also

  • Page 295 and 296:

    6 The knights and their sites Frans

  • Page 297 and 298:

    Th e practice to construct sites wi

  • Page 299 and 300:

    Bibliography bartels m. 2006: De De

  • Page 301:

    verhaeghe f. 1998: Medieval

  • Page 304 and 305:

    304 Laurent Verslype - fi nesse d

  • Page 306 and 307:

    306 Laurent Verslype casque, un bou

  • Page 308 and 309:

    308 49 Böhme 1993 Laurent Verslype

  • Page 310 and 311:

    310 Laurent Verslype Bibliographie

  • Page 312 and 313:

    312 Laurent Verslype härke h. 1992

  • Page 314 and 315:

    314 Laurent Verslype picard j.-c. 1

  • Page 317 and 318:

    Social theory and post-medieval arc

  • Page 319 and 320:

    chivalric society he rather subject

  • Page 321 and 322:

    Th e founding of the Department of

  • Page 323 and 324:

    approaches such as deconstruction (

  • Page 325 and 326:

    the changing relationships between

  • Page 327 and 328:

    Bibliography abercrombie n., hill s

  • Page 329 and 330:

    ourdieu p. 1980: Le sens practique,

  • Page 331 and 332:

    courtney p. 1997a: Th e tyranny of

  • Page 333 and 334:

    eley g. 1989: Labour history, socia

  • Page 335 and 336:

    habermas j. 1962: Strukturwandel de

  • Page 337 and 338:

    langford p. 1989: A Polite and Comm

  • Page 339 and 340:

    moulin l. 1989: Les liturgies de la

  • Page 341 and 342:

    avoire f. 2002: Céramique et diff

  • Page 343 and 344:

    thijssen j.r.a.m. 1985: De analyse

  • Page 345:

    watt t. 1991: Cheap Print and Popul

  • Page 348 and 349:

    348 exchanging medieval material cu

  • Page 350 and 351:

    350 exchanging medieval material cu

  • Page 352 and 353:

    352 exchanging medieval material cu

  • Page 354 and 355:

    354 1988 exchanging medieval materi

  • Page 356 and 357:

    356 exchanging medieval material cu

  • Page 358 and 359:

    358 exchanging medieval material cu

  • Page 360 and 361:

    360 1975 exchanging medieval materi

  • Page 362 and 363:

    362 exchanging medieval material cu

  • Page 364 and 365:

    364 exchanging medieval material cu

  • Page 366 and 367:

    366 exchanging medieval material cu

  • Page 368 and 369:

    368 exchanging medieval material cu

  • Page 370 and 371:

    370 exchanging medieval material cu

  • Page 372 and 373:

    372 1981 exchanging medieval materi

  • Page 374 and 375:

    374 exchanging medieval material cu

  • Page 376 and 377:

    376 exchanging medieval material cu

  • Page 378 and 379:

    378 exchanging medieval material cu

  • Page 380 and 381:

    380 exchanging medieval material cu

  • Page 382 and 383:

    382 exchanging medieval material cu

  • Page 384:

    384 exchanging medieval material cu

A Bibliography of Early Medieval Archaeology in Ireland - University ...
Postmedieval, a Journal of Medieval Cultural Studies ... - Monoskop
Szirmai, John - The Archaeology of Medieval Bookbinding
CLASSICAL & ARCHAEOLOGICAL STUDIES - University of Kent
The Archaeology of Medieval Europe - White Rose Research Online
Medieval Studies - Ashgate
Medieval & Early Modern Studies - University of Notre Dame Press
Pattanam Material Culture Studies - Kerala History
A Bibliography of Early Medieval Archaeology in Ireland: Version 3
ei-archaeological-material-from-the-dogger-bank
PDF Online Anthology of Medieval Literature Epub
An Archaeological Study of the Rich Neck Slave Quarter ... - Research
(Photo by Cheri Malloy) YYWC cultural exchange - Space and ...
Media and Cultural Studies 3_Media and Cultural Studies
[+][PDF] TOP TREND Uncovering the Culture of Ancient Peru: 6 (Archaeology and Ancient Cultures) [READ]
Material Culture - Cordillera Studies Center
August 2011 (issue 124) - The Sussex Archaeological Society
Hawak Kamay DePaul Asian Cultural Exchange - FAN-Chicago
Au pair in Denmark: Cheap labour or cultural exchange - FOA
An Iron Age/early medieval burial ground at - University College ...
Vesuvian-archaeology-programme_leaflet for lifelong ...
Spring 2011 issue - Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust
heat exchanger aluminum flux-free brazing material - Aleris
Autumn 2013 issue - Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust
School of History, Archaeology and Religion, Cardiff University
Material Culture Experiment