lithuanian citizens elected the seimas for the term of 2004-2008

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lithuanian citizens elected the seimas for the term of 2004-2008

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

At the mike – MP Irena Ðiaulienë and employee of the Seimas

Public Relations Department Nerijus Vëta

PHOTOGRAPHY EXHIBITION “SEA

EAGLES IN LITHUANIA” BY VYTAUTAS

KNYVA OPENED IN THE

PARLIAMENTARY GALLERY

DISCUSSION ON PROBLEMS OF

HEALTH CARE OF LIQUIDATORS OF

THE ACCIDENT AT CHERNOBYL

NUCLEAR POWER STATION AND

THEIR SOCIAL PROBLEMS

On 27 October, the Seimas Constitution Hall hosted a

discussion devoted to the issues of the health care of the

liquidators of the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear

Power Station and the social problems encountered by

them. Members of the Seimas, representatives of ministries

and public organisations, the ambassadors of

Ukraine and Russia participated in the discussion.

EXHIBITIONS,

EVENTS

Photo-artist – Vytautas Knyva.

On 28 October, a photography exhibition “Sea Eagles in

Lithuania” by Vytautas Knyva was opened in the parliamentary

gallery.

Mr. Knyva studied in 1972-1977 at Vilnius University and

acquired qualification of a biologist; he is a member of the

Union of the Lithuanian Art Photographers, head of the publishing

house “Gamtos Pasaulis”. He has photographed animals

since 1999. His photographs on natural themes have

been presented at annual photography exhibitions in France,

Italy, Spain, Denmark, Belgium, Austria, the Czech Republic,

etc. In 2000-2003, Mr. Knyva won six diplomas at international

photography art exhibitions.

The project “Protection of Populations of a Sea Eagle Vanishing

Worldwide in Klaipëda and Vilnius Counties” is implemented

by public institution “Fund for the Development of

Nature Conservation Projects” and supported by the Small

Grants Programme of the Global Environment Facility.

The initiator of the exhibition is Irena Ðiaulienë, the Elder of

the Seimas Parliamentary Group of the Social Democratic

Coalition.

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

LITHUANIAN CITIZENS ELECTED THE

SEIMAS FOR THE TERM OF 2004-2008

The newly elected Seimas convenes for its first sitting on 15 November 2004

Leader of the New

Union (Social

Liberals), lawyer

Artûras Paulauskas

was elected Chairman

of the Seimas for the

second term in a row

Kazys Bobelis being the oldest

MP chaired the first sitting of

the new parliament

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

Lithuanian

Parliamentary

Mirror

Published by the Public

Relations Department of the

Seimas of the Republic

of Lithuania.

Gedimino 53, 01109 Vilnius.

Tel.: (3705) 2396201, 2396508.

Fax: (3705) 2396556.

Head of Department

Andrius Vaiðnys.

Edited by

Jolanta Anskaitienë.

Translated by

Metropolio Vertimai UAB

Design & layout by

Tomas Pauþa.

Advisor Valdas Sinkevièius.

Photos by Lina Þilytë.

400 copies.

summary

Historic Overview of Contemporary

Parliamentarianism of the Republic of

Lithuania (p. 4)

Voting results of the elections to the

Seimas. Statistics (p. 8)

ADOPTED LAWS AND

DECREES

Law Amending the Law on Protection

of Immovable Cultural Properties.

The Law Amending the Law on Protection

of Immovable Cultural Properties

seeks to create the system of heritage

protection management and regulation,

which would enable additional reorganisation

to be avoided in the immediate

decade, as well as to harmonise interests

of the urban development and heritage

protection, society and the owners

of the heritage; to rationally distribute

functions between the Ministry of Culture,

the Ministry of Environment, the

counties and self-governments, which

are planned to be given more rights and

responsibility. The requirements laid

down in the law will prevent civil servants

from setting out ungrounded requirements,

interpreting them. Furthermore,

restrictions will be registered in

the Real Estate Register and will be

known to everybody in advance. A simple

procedure for harmonising projects

and issuing licenses is being introduced,

and business-friendly environment

is being formed (p. 16)

SUMMARY

Law Amending the Law on Art Creators

and their Organisations.

The law shall establish the bases and

the procedure for granting and abolishing

the status of the art creator and

the organisation of art creators. The status

of creators of art shall be granted in

the following ways: 1) after the organisation

of art creators has admitted a

person its member when his/her creative

work complies with the bases for

granting the status of the creator of art;

2) in the event a person does not belong

to the organisation of art creators,

the said status can be granted by the

Council of Granting the Status of the Art

Creator and the Organisation of Art

Creators (hereinafter referred to as the

Council) in the procedure established

by this law (p. 17)

Law Amending the Law on Seed Cultivation.

The law of the new wording shall regulate

placing on the market, certification of

propagating material of agricultural, orchid,

garden and ornamental plants, as

well as import of propagating material from

third countries. The provisions of the law

have been harmonised with the legal acts

of the European Union, which are specified

in the annex to this law (p. 20)

Resolution of the Seimas On the

Approval of Appointment of Povilas

Malakauskas Director of the Republic

of Lithuania Special Investigation

Service. Voting results: for – 68, abstained

– 5.

EXHIBITIONS,

EVENTS

SEMINAR “IMPLEMENTATION OF EUROPE’S FRAMEWORK

CONVENTION FOR THE PROTECTION OF NATIONAL

MINORITIES IN LITHUANIA”

On 18 October, the Committee on Human Rights, together with the National

Minorities and Emigrants Department under the Government of the Republic

of Lithuania, organised in the Constitution Hall a seminar “Implementation

of Europe’s Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities

in Lithuania.”

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

PRESIDENT OF GEORGIA

VISITED THE PARLIAMENTARY

GALLERY

President of Georgia Mikhail Saakashvili, who visited

the Seimas on 15 October, was first invited by the Chairman

of the Seimas to see in the parliamentary gallery a

photography exhibition “Lithuania and Georgia: Support

of the Independence.” The exposition presents

photographs depicting meetings in Tbilisi, during which

people expressed their support of the re-established

State of Lithuania and the Lithuanian people (1990-

1991). The President and the accompanying delegation

recognised in the photographs some politicians of

the present day as well as Georgia’s Minister of Defence

Giorgi Baramidze, who, too, came to visit Lithuania

(a photograph of 17 March 1990 at a meeting in

Tbilisi). This exhibition was prepared by the Seimas

Public Relations Department.

INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR “NEW SYNTHETIC DRUGS”

On 25-26 October, an international seminar

“New Synthetic Drugs” was held in the Seimas

Constitution Hall, which saw the participation

of 40 representatives from all countries of the

European Union as well as from Turkey, Romania

and Bulgaria.

The representatives of the European Union Advisory

Committee, Lithuanian state institutions

and non-governmental organisations participated

in the event.

The aim of the seminar was to train highly-qualified experts

working in the field of the early warning system and to deepen

their knowledge of synthetic drugs. The seminar was conducted

by experts and scientists from Great Britain, France,

Austria who work in the fields of neurobiology, toxicology and

medicine law.

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

Mikalojus Konstantinas

Èiurlionis (1875-1911) –

composer, painter,

prominent culture figure

50

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE “FAMILY ROLE IN

THE LIFE OF A DEAF CHILD”

EXHIBITIONS,

EVENTS

On 2 October, the Commission on Family and Child Affairs together with the society of Lithuanian families having

hearing impaired children Pagava organised an international conference “Family Role in the Life of a Deaf

Child.”

PARLIAMENTARY

GALLERY HOSTS ART

EXHIBITION OF OLD

VARËNA DIVISION OF

ÈIURLIONIS’ SOCIETY

On 5 October, the parliamentary gallery

launched an exhibition of artists from Old

Varëna Division of Èiurlionis’ Society [M.K.

Èiurlionis – a renowned Lithuanian painter,

composer]. The exhibition features works

of Gintaras Jaronis (computer graphics),

Valentinas Algirdas Kaliûnas (art photog-

raphy, painting) and Mindaugas Siudikas (painting, drawings).

Initiator of the exhibition – member of the Liberal and Centre Parliamentary

Group Algis Kaðëta.

SUMMARY

By this resolution, the Seimas approved

the appointment of Povilas Malakauskas

Director of the Republic of Lithuania

Special Investigation Service (hereinafter

– “STT”). All parliamentary groups

acknowledged that the proposed can-

THE SEIMAS BEGAN DELIBERATION (p. 24)

AT THE SEIMAS

COMMITTEES (p. 32)

INTERNATIONAL

RELATIONS

The Minister of Finance Algirdas

Butkevièius submitted the Draft Law on

the Approval of Financial Indicators

of the State Budget and Municipal

Budgets for the Year 2005 No. IXP-3897.

The national income together with the

funds from the European Union in the

draft of financial indicators being submitted

are planned to amount to LTL 15 billion

653 million, or as much as 23.7

per cent of the Gross Domestic Product

of the coming year. Main taxes, which

constitute the largest comparative part of

the revenue of the national budget, are

the value-added tax. In 2005 income

from VAT will amount to LTL 5 billion

119 million, or as much as 11 per cent more than this year. It is forecasted to

receive LTL 2 billion 890 million, or as much as 14 per cent more of personal

income tax than this year. The excises received will total one billion 972 million

and LTL 997 million profit, or as much as 19 per cent more than this year. The

expenditure of the national budget in 2005 will total LTL 17 billion 463 million, that

is, LTL 2 billion 50 million more than that in 2004 (p. 24)

Thirteen political parties of Lithuania

involved in the Seimas election campaign

signed on 5 October a general

Agreement on the main foreign

goals and objectives of Lithuania for

2004-2008 (p. 36)

On 15 October, President of Georgia

Mikhail Saakashvili visit the Seimas

together with the accompanying delegation:

Georgia’s Minister of Foreign Af-

didate possesses sufficient competence

to hold office of the head of STT. However,

members of the Seimas Mixed

Parliamentary Group did not present

their opinion (p. 21)

RATIFIED INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENTS (p. 23)

fairs Salome Zourabichvili, Minister of

Defence Giorgi Baramidze, members

of the Georgian Parliament (p. 41)

On 18 October, Vice-Minister of Foreign

Affairs of the People’s Republic of China

Zhang Yesui visited the Seimas.

The guest was received in the President’s

Hall by First Deputy of the Chairman

of the Seimas Èeslovas Jurðënas.

Mr. Jurðënas noted that after Lithuania’s

accession to the European Union and

NATO, common principles were observed

in cooperation with the third countries.

The First Deputy of the Chairman of

the Seimas underlined that the relationships

between Lithuania and the People’s

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

Republic of China were being developed

consistently and the main direction of the

relationships was not going to change after

the elections to the Seimas (p. 42)

VISITS, MISSIONS,

BUSINESS TRIPS (p. 43)

CHAIRMAN OF THE

SEIMAS

On 8 October, Chairman of the Seimas

Artûras Paulauskas met with a delegation

from Iraq, which was visiting Lithuania

to observe the parliamentary elections

to be held in the country (p. 46)

On 15 October, Chairman of the Seimas

Artûras Paulauskas met with President of

Georgia Mikhail Saakashvili in the latter’s

visit to Lithuania. The meeting discussed

Lithuanian and Georgian parliamentary

cooperation, reform progress in Georgia,

possibilities to share Lithuanian experience

in seeking membership of the European

Union and NATO (p. 47)

EXHIBITIONS, EVENTS

President of Georgia Mikhail Saakashvili,

who visited the Seimas on 15 October, was

first invited by the Chairman of the Seimas

to see in the parliamentary gallery a photography

exhibition “Lithuania and Georgia:

Support of the Independence.” The

exposition presents photographs depicting

meetings in Tbilisi, during which people

expressed their support of the re-established

State of Lithuania and the Lithuanian

people (1990-1991) (p. 51)

On 28 October, a photography exhibition

“Sea Eagles in Lithuania” by Vytautas

Knyva was opened in the parliamentary

gallery. The project “Protection of

Populations of a Sea Eagle Vanishing

Worldwide in Klaipëda and Vilnius Counties”

is implemented by public institution

“Fund for the Development of Nature Conservation

Projects” and supported by the

Small Grants Programme of the Global

Environment Facility (p. 52)

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

Historic

Historic

overview

Historic Constituent

of Contemporary Parliamentarianism

of the Republic of Lithuania

CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY (SEIMAS)

Over 90 per cent of the electorate participated in the elections. The first sitting

– 15 May 1920 /historic date/; the majority of the seats was held by the

Lithuanian Christian Democrats bloc.

Chairman (and Head of the State) – Aleksandras Stulginskis. The main legal

acts adopted – the Act of Independence; the Constitution of Lithuania (1 August

1922). The Constituent Seimas achieved international recognition and

initiated the land and educational reforms.

The parliamentarians took part in military activities and created for a short

period of time the so-called Small Seimas.

>>>

Aleksandras Stulginskis

Assembly (Seimas)

>>>

EXHIBITIONS,

EVENTS

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

The programme “Europe

at School” enjoys deep

traditions in European

schools – it marked the

50th anniversary in 2003.

The Europe at School activities

are organised under

the joint patronage of

the Council of Europe, the

European Commission, the European Parliament and the European Cultural Foundation, Amsterdam. In Lithuania

the programme is run by the Information Centre of the Council of Europe and the Ministry of Education and

Science.

One of the main instruments of the programme is annual art and essay competitions organised in 32 European

countries. The competition is aimed at encouraging teachers and pupils to learn about Europe. By its context,

structure and methodology the competition is a part of general education about democracy and civic education

of pupils. The main prize for the winners is international youth gatherings held in different European countries.

The Lithuanian National Committee, the Information Centre of the Council of Europe and the Ministry organised

for the fourth time an international gathering in Druskininkai for 24 prize-winners from various European countries.

Europe at School activities in Lithuania are supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Committee

under the Government of the Republic of Lithuania and the EC Delegation in Lithuania.

The activities, aims, tasks and innovations of the programme are discussed in international expert conferences

held twice in a year. The first (spring) conference is organised in Strasbourg at the invitation of the Council of

Europe or in Brussels at the invitation of the European Commission, whereas the second (autumn) conference

is held in one of the European countries.

CONFERENCE “FAMILY

POLICY TODAY”

On 29 September, the Commission on Youth

and Sports Affairs, public institution Rafaelis

and the Social Communication Institute of

Vilnius Pedagogical University alongside with

NGO/UNICEF Regional Network Lithuanian

Forum organised a conference “Family

Policy Today.”

The aim of the conference – to raise awareness

of political parties about the situation in

respect of family policy. Representatives from

church, political parties, state institutions,

NGOs and members of the public attended

the conference and discussed the birth of

the united family concept and priority enhancement

of traditional family as a main

cell of the society.

ROUND-TABLE DISCUSSION “EXPEDIENCE

AND POSSIBILITIES OF ESTABLISHING A LAY

JUDGE INSTITUTE IN LITHUANIA”

On 30 September, the Committee on Human Rights, UNDP programme

“Support to the implementation of the National Human Rights Action Plan”

and Law Institute held a round table discussion “Expedience and Possibilities

of Establishing a Lay Judge Institute in Lithuania.” The participants were

welcomed by Chairman of the Committee on Human Rights Gediminas

Dalinkevièius.

Gediminas Dalinkevièius

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

exhibitions,

events

Sitting of the Committee on Social Affairs and Labour

INTERNATIONAL EXPERT CONFERENCE

“EUROPE AT SCHOOL”

EXHIBITIONS,

EVENTS

CONFERENCE IN

COMMEMORATION OF SOCIAL

WORKERS’ DAY

September 27th is announced as Social Workers’

Day by the Republic of Lithuania law. On 27 September,

the Committee on Social Affairs and Labour

alongside the Association of Social Workers of

Lithuania held a conference to commemorate the

Social Workers’ Day. Themes of the reports included:

professional expertise of social workers:

need and/or necessity? Lithuanian social workers

in the European and global context.

>>>

On 27-28 September, the Constitution Hall hosted an international expert conference “Europe at School.”

A welcoming speech was delivered by Chairman of the Seimas Artûras Paulauskas, speeches were also made

by Undersecretary of the Ministry of Education Dainius Numgaudis, head of the Information Centre of the

Council of Europe in Lithuania Marija Prokopèik.

Historic Overview

FIRST SEIMAS

Elected on 10 October 1922; dissolved by decree

of President Aleksandras Stulginskis on 12 March

1923.

There was no absolute majority: National Peasants

got 20 seats; the Christian bloc – 38; Social Democrats

– 10; Federation of Laborites – 5; national minorities

– 5 mandates. Chairman of the First Seimas –

Justinas Staugaitis. In 1922, the Seimas, in accordance

with the Constitution, elected Aleksandras

Stulginskis President of the Republic.

SECOND SEIMAS

Elected on 13 May 1923; the term of office finished in

1926. The absolute majority was formed by Christian

Democrats, the Farmers’ Union (each got 14

mandates) and the Labour Federation – 12; National

Peasants had 16 seats; Social Democrats – 8;

national minorities – 14 mandates.

The Chairman of the Second Seimas – Antanas

Tumënas, later – Leonas Bistras.

The Klaipëda Region Convention was signed; foundations

laid for the development of the agricultural reform;

primary and secondary education was expanded within

the educational framework; legal conditions were provided

to eliminate the consequences of the war.

Third Seimas

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

THIRD SEIMAS

Elected on 10 May 1926; the composition

was partially altered after changing the

leaders of the Seimas during the coup d’état

of 26-27 December 1926; dissolved by decree

of President Antanas Smetona on 12

April 1927.

The majority was formed by National

Peasants (22 seats) and Social Democrats

(15). Christian Democrats got 14

mandates, the Farmers’ Union – 11, the

Labour Federation – 5, the Nationalists –

3, the Farmers’ Party – 2.

The Chairman of the Third Seimas –

Jonas Staugaitis; from 27 December

1926 – Aleksandras Stulginskis.

A treaty with the Soviet Union was signed

(this was the first treaty signed with a western

country); negotiations on trade agreements

were opened with Germany and

the USSR; restrictions on democracy

were abolished (i.e., provisions of the Constitution

were fully implemented; the freedom

of speech was expanded).

Kazys Grinius was elected President of

the Republic, he was overturned during

the coup d’état in December 1926 and

replaced by Antanas Smetona.

Justinas Staugaitis

Leonas Bistras

Antanas Tumënas

>>>

Jonas Staugaitis

5


Historic

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror

Overview

| No 10 (84)

6

FOURTH SEIMAS

Elected on 10 June 1936; activities of political

parties were restricted and did not have the

right to participate in the elections; in accordance

with the new Law on Elections, councils

of districts and towns had the exclusive right

to propose candidates; total – 49 representatives;

the first sitting – 1 September 1936.

The Seimas formally considered and adopted

the new Constitution of 1938; expanded the

examination of internal economic issues and

the consideration of petitions.

The Chairman of the Fourth Seimas –

Konstantinas Ðakenis.

The Seimas was dissolved on 1 July 1940 after

the Soviet Union occupied the territory of

the Republic of Lithuania.

Konstantinas Ðakenis

SUPREME COUNCIL –

RECONSTITUENT SEIMAS

The first sitting held on 10 March 1990; the Act On the Reestablishment

of the State – 1990 03 11 /historic date/.

140 representatives were elected in 2 rounds. The representatives

of the national reform movement Sàjûdis received

the majority of votes.

The Chairman of the Seimas (and Head of the State) –

Vytautas Landsbergis.

The Seimas declared the re-establishment of Lithuania as an

independent and democratic republic; initiated the reform of

the economic system and its desovietisation, obtained the recognition

of the United Nations Organisation; drew up a draft of

the new Constitution (1992), which was approved in the referendum

of 25 October 1992.

SIXTH SEIMAS (1992-1996)

72.25 per cent of the electorate participated in the elections.

Fourth Seimas

The Chairman of the Seimas – Algirdas Mykolas Brazauskas (1992-1993;

according to the Constitution, temporarily held office of the President); as of

25 February 1993 – the Chairman was Èeslovas Jurðënas.

Èeslovas Jurðënas

The majority of votes was

won by the Lithuanian

Democratic Labour Party

(the left wing, 76 mandates);

the Homeland Union bloc – 49.

Algirdas Mykolas Brazauskas

CHAIRMAN OF THE

SEIMAS

CHAIRMAN OF THE SEIMAS CONGRATULATED

LITHUANIAN PARALYMPIC ATHLETES

Chairman of the Seimas Artûras Paulauskas congratulated Lithuanian

paralympians who participated in the 2004 Athens Paralympic Games.

At the meeting with the paralympians, the Chairman of the Seimas stressed that their

performance at the Games must serve as an example for all Lithuanian people, because

it shows how much it is possible to achieve by one’s own will and persistence.

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

CHAIRMAN OF THE SEIMAS MET WITH PRESIDENT

OF GEORGIA

On 15 October, Chairman of the Seimas Artûras Paulauskas met with President of Georgia

Mikhail Saakashvili in the latter’s visit to Lithuania. The meeting discussed Lithuanian and

Georgian parliamentary cooperation, reform progress in Georgia, possibilities to share

Lithuanian experience in seeking membership of the European Union and NATO.

The President of Georgia underscored in the meeting that Georgia had a long way to cover

in carrying out state reforms, implementing Euro-Atlantic goals. “Your example has shown

us that there’s nothing impossible,” stated Mr. Saakashvili.

The Chairman of the Seimas wished the Georgian President success in carrying out the reforms

and expressed support for Georgia’s goals of European and Euro-Atlantic integration.

On 20 October, CHAIRMAN OF

THE SEIMAS ARTÛRAS

PAULAUSKAS

- Met in his office a delegation

from the Constitutional Court of

the Hungarian Republic.

“Listening to your victories and watching

on the television commentaries about

your starts, many disabled people felt

their spiritual and physical inferiority. You

as if have told them: see what a man

can do having compensated his disability

with persistence, endless hard work,

will and desire to bring honour to their

country,” underlined Mr. Paulauskas.

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

main parties on all issues that are essential to the State (e.g., joining the EU and NATO,

financing of national defence, the educational system). On the very eve of the meeting with the

Ambassador (5 October), the parties signed an agreement on the continuity of foreign policy,

hence directions of the foreign policy should remain unchanged. Although slight changes are

possible after coming into power of certain political forces, especially in respect of relationships

with Russia, major changes should not take place. Relationships with Russia are currently

rational and constructive. Answering the question of the activities of the Ombudsman

institution in Lithuania, the Chairman of the Seimas expressed his belief that this institution was

well known to the members of the Seimas, though unfortunately, it could not be said to have

the same authority as it has, for instance, among Westerners. This is also influenced by the

mentality of society, which is still largely reliant on the necessity of punishment.

Prepared by Chief Specialist of

the International Relations Department Skirmantas Strimaitis

Chairman of the Seimas Artûras Paulauskas

met with a delegation from Iraq, which was

visiting Lithuania to observe the parliamentary

elections to be held in the country.

The Chairman of the Seimas acquainted the

Iraqi with the work of the Parliament and the

8 October

CHAIRMAN OF THE

SEIMAS

CHAIRMAN OF THE SEIMAS

MET WITH OBSERVERS FROM IRAQ

composition of the Seimas and answered the questions of the members of

the delegation as to the principles of the formation of the governing coalition,

the powers of the Seimas opposition.

The Chairman of the Seimas wished to the delegation from Iraq to derive

experience when observing elections in Lithuania and to use this experience

for the creation of democratic traditions in Iraq.

Vytautas

Landsbergis

Reconstituent

Seimas

Approximately 40 per cent of laws were

related to the economic (customs, land,

cooperation, finances) reform. In 1993,

the Soviet Union (Russian) armed forces

were pulled out from Lithuania.

SEVENTH SEIMAS

(1996-2000)

The Parliament’s governing coalition

was formed by the right-wing parties

the Homeland Union and Christian

Democrats. The Opposition – the Lithuanian

Democratic Labour Party, Social

Democrats.

The Chairman of the Seimas – Vytautas

Landsbergis.

The Seimas started to implement the

principle of parliamentary scrutiny; promoted

the privatisation of formerly stateowned

enterprises.

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

EIGHTH SEIMAS (2000-2004)

141 members were elected (complete composition of the Seimas according

to the Constitution).

Initially, the majority was formed by “the new politics“ coalition: the

New Union (Social Liberals) and the Liberal Union. On 22 June 2001,

this coalition disintegrated, and on 27 June, the New Union signed an

agreement with Social Democrats (led by Algirdas M. Brazauskas).

The Parliamentary Group of the New Union (Social

Liberals) – 19 members; the Parliamentary Group

of the Social Democratic Coalition – 53 members.

The Chairman of the Seimas – Artûras Paulauskas.

The goals of joining the European Union and the North

Atlantic Alliance (NATO) were successfully attained.

The largest political event – the spring session of

NATO Parliamentary Assembly – was organised in

May 2001; the consideration of draft laws related to

the privatisation of economic entities and procedure

of open hearings were expanded, the work of

the Parliament’s committees became more open.

NINTH SEIMAS

On 9 November, an agreement on the formation of the governing coalition

was signed by the following 4 political parties: Labour Party, Social Democratic

Party, New Union (Social Liberals), Union of Farmers’ Party and

New Democracy Party.

Artûras Paulauskas was elected Chairman of the Seimas on 15 November.

Artûras Paulauskas

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

LITHUANIAN CITIZENS ELECTED THE SEIMAS

FOR THE TERM OF 2004-2008

FIRST SITTING –15 NOVEMBER

On 3 November 2004 the elected MPs were given MP certificates.

More on the new Seimas – PM No11(85).

ELECTED ELECTED MEMBERS MEMBERS OF OF THE THE SEIMAS SEIMAS 2004 2004 - - - 2008

2008

Press briefing of the Chairman of

the Central Electoral Committee

Zenonas Vaigauskas

5 October

6 October

Arnold Rüütel

CHAIRMAN OF THE SEIMAS MET WITH MALIN KÄRRE,

AMBASSADOR EXTRAORDINARY AND

PLENIPOTENTIARY OF SWEDEN

At the beginning of the meeting, Chairman of the Seimas

Artûras Paulauskas congratulated the new Swedish Ambassador

on starting her term of office. The Chairman summarised

the main works carried out during the current term of

office of the Seimas, of which the most significant works were

those related to Lithuania’s preparation for accession to the

EU and NATO. In his opinion, during the current term of office,

the Seimas might also manage to ratify the Constitutional Treaty,

which is a real, though optimistic, goal. The Chairman of the

Seimas believes that the objectives of the new Seimas are

active cooperation with the European Parliament, support of

the countries seeking membership in the EU, maintenance

of close relations with the “new neighbours”

(Ukraine, Moldova, Russia) as well as with the

Southern Caucasus. The leader of the Seimas also

thanked the Government of Sweden for a continuous

and consistent support of Lithuania’s goals and

described relationships with Sweden as excellent.

Ambassador of Sweden Malin Kärre underlined

that the Seimas is an important democratic institution

whose members have established a considerable

number of direct contacts with the Swedish

counterparts, however, in her opinion, it would also

be possible to more actively employ the embassy’s

intermediation. Moreover, the Ambassador took

pleasure in Lithuania’s joining the EU and NATO.

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

- The Chairman of the Seimas met in the Seimas White Hall with President

of Estonia Arnold Rüütel.

- The Chairman of the Seimas participated in the ceremony of

signing the agreement of the political parties of Lithuania on the

principal goals and objectives of foreign policy for 2004-2008,

which was organised at the Republic of Lithuania Presidential

Palace (see p. 36).

>>>

The Ambassador believes that Lithuania and Sweden could

develop close cooperation within the EU regional group of the

Baltic States and the Nordic countries. She stated that Lithuania’s

knowledge and experience were of considerable importance,

especially in cooperation with the “new neighbours.”

The Ambassador also inquired the Chairman of the Seimas of

his opinion as to the continuity of the foreign policy after the

election of a new Seimas.

The Chairman of the Seimas stressed that a tradition had

already developed in Lithuania to reach an agreement of the

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

chairman of

the Seimas

- Received a delegation of Poland’s Supreme Court in the Office of the Chairman of the Seimas.

On 4 October, the Chairman met with Ambassador of the Republic of Cyprus

Nafsika Chr. Krousti.

CHAIRMAN OF THE

SEIMAS

27 September

- Took part at an

international

conference titled

‘Europe at School’

held in the Seimas

Constitution Hall.

Nafsika Chr.

Krousti

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

ELECTED ELECTED MEMBERS MEMBERS OF OF THE THE THE SEIMAS SEIMAS 2004 2004 - - 2008

2008

The new MPs. First row – Antanas Bosas

and Jonas Lionginas

>>>

Award of MP certificates, 3 November 2004.

Central Electoral Committee. At the mike –

Chancellor of the Seimas Arvydas Kregþdë

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

ELECTED ELECTED MEMBERS MEMBERS OF OF THE THE SEIMAS SEIMAS SEIMAS 2004 2004 - - 2008

2008

VISITS, MISSIONS,

BUSINESS TRIPS

On 29 September – 1 October,

MP Arminas LYDEKA attended the

meeting of the chairpersons of the

foreign affairs committees of the

EU Member States, the European

Parliament and other countries.

On 30 September – 3 October MP

Sigita BURBIENË attended the

sitting of the Standing Committee

of OSCE Parliamentary Assembly,

conference on human trafficking

and Mediterranean Parliamentary

Forum held in Rode (Hellenic

Republic).

On 4–5 October, MP Jonas

ÈEKUOLIS participated in a session

of the Parliamentary Assembly

of the Council of Europe in

Strasbourg.

On 11 – 14 October, MP Kæstutis

GLAVECKAS participated in the

visit organised by the World Bank

in Managua.

On 13 – 16 October, MP Algirdas

KUNÈINAS attended a conference

“Financial and Economic Aspects

of the Fight against Terrorism”

organised by the Economics

Committee of NATO PA in Rome.

On 15 – 18 October, MPs Sergejus

DMITRIJEVAS and Egidijus

VAREIKIS watched in Minsk parliamentary

elections of Belarus.

On 15 – 20 October, MP Alvydas

SADECKAS attended the 10th

Mediterranean Seminar of NATO

Parliamentary Assembly held in

Nouakchott, Islamic Republic of

Mauritania.

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

visits, missions,

business trips

On 16 – 19 October, MPs Ona BABONIENË and Dalia TEIÐERSKYTË attended a world conference of

female parliamentarians held in Rome.

On 17 – 20 October, MP Birutë VËSAITË took part in an international conference “Implementation of the

Society Development Programme” held in Strasbourg.

On 21 – 22 October, MP Egidijus VAREIKIS attended the conference “Good Management in the Countries

Bordering Southern Sahara” held in Berlin.

On 26–29 October, MP Algirdas KUNÈINAS took part in the conference of members of the EU national

parliaments on the issues of information and communication technology held in Stockholm.

On 28 October – 2 November, MPs Sigita BURBIENË, Kæstutis KUZMICKAS, Romanas Algimantas

SEDLICKAS, Algirdas SYSAS and Valerij TRETJAKOV watched the Ukrainian presidential elections in

Kiev.

On 29 October – 3 November, MPs Audrius KLIÐONIS and Giedrë PURVANECKIENË attended the 56th

session of the Nordic Council, sitting of the BA Presidium and the joint sitting of the presidiums of the

Baltic Assembly and the Nordic Council held in Stockholm.

Drafted referring to the decisions of the Board of the Seimas

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

>>>

Affairs Salome Zourabichvili, Minister of Defence Giorgi Baramidze, members of the

Georgian Parliament.

In the White Hall, the guests met with Chairman of the Seimas Artûras Paulauskas

(see p. 47) The meeting also saw the participation of Chairman of the Seimas Committee

on Foreign Affairs Gediminas Kirkilas and Ambassador of the Republic of Lithuania to

Georgia Viktoras Baublys.

RELATIONS BETWEEN LITHUANIA AND PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF

CHINA ARE GOING TO CONTINUE DEVELOPING CONSISTENTLY

AFTER ELECTIONS TO THE SEIMAS

On 18 October, Vice-Minister of Foreign

Affairs of the People’s Republic of China

Zhang Yesui (right) visited the Seimas.

The guest was received in the President’s

Hall by First Deputy of the Chairman of

the Seimas Èeslovas Jurðënas.

Mr. Jurðënas noted that after Lithuania’s

accession to the European Union and

NATO, common principles were observed

in cooperation with the third countries.

The First Deputy of the Chairman of

the Seimas underlined that the relationships

between Lithuania and the People’s

Republic of China were being developed

consistently and the main direction of the

relationships was not going to change after

the elections to the Seimas.

The Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs of the

People’s Republic of China stressed that

the previous year visit of Chairman of the

Seimas Artûras Paulauskas in China and

the visit of Deputy Chairwoman of the Na-

INTERNATIONAL

RELATIONS

tional People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China Uyunqimg in Lithuania

provided a considerable impetus for the development of the relationships between

Lithuania and China.

The First Deputy of the Chairman of the Seimas expressed interest in the struggle of the

People’s Republic of China against international terrorism, as this is the common threat.

The Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China stated that in the

fight against terrorism the People’s Republic of China devoted much attention to cooperation

both with international organisations and with individual countries.

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

ELECTED ELECTED MEMBERS MEMBERS OF OF THE THE THE SEIMAS SEIMAS SEIMAS 2004 2004 - - 2008

2008

A lot of television, radio and

press correspondents worked

at the press centre of the

Central Electoral Commission

on the election day and night

>>>

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

ELECTED ELECTED MEMBERS MEMBERS OF OF THE THE SEIMAS SEIMAS SEIMAS 2004 2004 - - 2008

2008

INTERNATIONAL

RELATIONS

On 6 – 7 October, administrators

of the Directorate for Relations

with National Parliaments

in Directorate General

for Internal Policies (European

Parliament) Alain

Barrau and Christian Lange

met with the staff of the Office

of the Seimas.

During the meetings COX

programme was introduced;

later discussions held on the

role and place of the European

Parliament among EU

institutions, the European Parliament

and national parliaments

in the area of legislation,

cooperation of the European

Parliament and national

parliaments.

Senior adviser of the Committee

on European Affairs

Loreta Raulinaitytë delivered

a report on the parliamentary

control of European affairs in

Lithuania.

PARLIAMENTARIAN

VIKTOR USPASKICH

MET WITH DIRECTOR

OF INTERNATIONAL

JEWISH AFFAIRS OF

THE AMERICAN

JEWISH COMMITTEE

AND A REPRESENTA-

TIVE OF THE US

EMBASSY

On 14 October, member of the

Seimas Viktor Uspaskich

met with Rabbi Andrew

Baker, Director of the International

Jewish Affairs of the

American Jewish Committee

and Coordinator of the International

Committee to Represent

Jewish Communal Property

Claims in Lithuania.

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

On 8 October, Chairman of the Committee on National Security and Defence Alvydas

Sadeckas (right) met with the Parliamentary State Secretary of German Defence

Ministry Hans Georg Wagner and his headed delegation.

Mr. Sadeckas told the guests that Lithuanian national security policy was always

based on the consensus of political parties therefore the main directions of defence

policy and reform after parliamentary elections should remain the same and are not

expected to change.

Mr. Wagner said that the Baltic States were becoming increasingly important to

Germany which is interested in developing this cooperation. The guest praised

Lithuanian democracy as being successfully developed, adding that political upheavals

or changes constituted a normal phenomenon in a democracy.

PRESIDENT OF GEORGIA VISITED

THE SEIMAS

>>>

On 15 October, President of Georgia Mikhail Saakashvili visit the Seimas

together with the accompanying delegation: Georgia’s Minister of Foreign

Chairman of the Seimas Committee on Foreign Affairs Gediminas Kirkilas, President of

Georgia Mr. Saakashvili and Chairman of the Seimas Artûras Paulauskas

41


Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

>>>

40

the national information policy; to approve

the national strategy of public relations and

ensure its adequate funding.

7) To ensure the protection of the Lithuanian

language and culture abroad; to develop

and implement programmes encouraging

active involvement of the Lithuanian communities

abroad in Lithuania’s life as well as supporting

cultural and public activities of these

communities in their respective countries; to

strengthen the status of the Lithuanian language

as a full-fledged instrument of communication

in the European Union institutions.

8) To support the efforts of the international

community to eradicate poverty and to head

off other modern threats; to implement the

policy for aid and development approved

by the Government of Lithuania.

9) To contribute to further development of

Lithuania’s relations within the multilateral

formats; to take active part in the work of

international organisations in order to

strengthen the international standing of

Lithuania; to seek for Lithuania’s presidency

over the OSCE in 2010, and membership of

the UN Security Council for 2014-2015; to

promote and establish Vilnius as a centre of

international conferences and initiatives and

a residence place of various international organisations

and their divisions.

10) To raise public awareness of the main

foreign policy goals and promote public

discussions on foreign policy issues; to encourage

co-operation of non-governmental

organisations with foreign partners; to

ensure broad public endorsement for foreign

policy pursued by the Government; to

encourage active involvement of the civic

society in the formation and implementation

of foreign policy; to strengthen analytical

and prognostic capacities of the State

of Lithuania.

For the Labour Party

For the Christian Conservatives Social Union

For the Liberal Democratic Party

For the Liberal and Centre Union

For the Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party

For the Lithuanian Poles’ Electoral Action

For the Lithuanian Russians’ Union

For the Lithuanian Social Democratic Party

For the Lithuanian Social Democratic Union

For the Lithuanian Centre Union

For the New Union (Social Liberals)

For the Homeland Union

(Lithuanian Conservatives)

INTERNATIONAL

RELATIONS

Chairman of the Labour Party, MP Viktor Uspaskich

For the Union of Farmers’ Party and New

Democracy Party

Done in Vilnius on 5 October 2004

First sitting of the newly elected Seimas, 15 November 2004.

Members of the Seimas Antanas Valionis and Vilija Blinkevièiûtë who are also

acting ministers of foreign affairs and social security and labour

*

*

*

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

Chairman of the Constitutional Court Egidijus Kûris, who on 15 November

administered oaths of 136 members of the Seimas, and head of the Secretariat of

the Seimas Sittings Violeta Gureckienë

>>>

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

*

MEMBERS MEMBERS OF OF THE THE SEIMAS SEIMAS 2004 2004 - - 2008

2008

* - Elected Seimas members who gave up their parliamentary mandates.

INTERNATIONAL

RELATIONS

to ensure a successful participation of Lithuania

in the formation of the common foreign

and security policy, which the European

Union has undertaken to develop.

3) To promote and expand regional co-operation

and strengthen the position of Lithuania

as a centre of interregional co-operation;

to foster co-operation between the three

Baltic states; to further develop the strategic

partnership with Poland; to initiate and implement

new formats of regional co-operation,

uniting the states of Northern, Central

and Eastern Europe; to support democratic

processes in Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, the

countries of the South Caucasus and the

Russian Federation, in particular the

Kaliningrad region.

The political parties recognize that these

goals will not be accomplished unless a Lithuanian

foreign policy strategy and its action

plan are drafted and necessary preconditions

for the implementation of these instruments

are created. The political parties commit

themselves to secure adequate funds

for the implementation of the envisaged

measures of the foreign policy.

4. THE MAIN OBJECTIVES OF THE

LITHUANIAN FOREIGN POLICY FOR

2004-2008

Being committed to achieve through concerted

efforts the main goals of the foreign

policy, the political parties represented in

the Seimas undertake the following commitments:

1) To ratify the Treaty Establishing a Constitution

for Europe by the middle of 2005; to

take all administrative measures and ensure

macroeconomic and other conditions necessary

for the earliest possible accession of

Lithuania to the Economic and Monetary

Union and the Schengen area, and for satisfying

the EU and NATO standards in the

fields of border protection, competition,

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

>>>

public administration, etc., and to prepare properly

for Lithuania’s chairmanship in the European Union.

2) To continue active involvement in international missions

and operations; to seek the support of the United

Nations for these missions and operations as well as

broad international participation in them; to support

effectively the efforts of the international community

to combat terrorism; to strengthen solidarity of the

EU and NATO member states, and to ensure the

delivery of Lithuania’s commitments in the area of

defence.

3) To strive for the strengthening of co-operation of

Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova and the countries

of the South Caucasus with the European Union and

NATO and participate actively in it; to support the

integration policy of the countries aspiring for membership

of the European Union and NATO; to seek to

conclude free trade agreement with these countries

and thus contribute to the development of the European

Neighbourhood Policy; to encourage social and

economic development of the Kaliningrad region of

the Russian Federation as well as the involvement of

this region and the entire Russia in the processes of

European co-operation.

4) To explore possible ways for the interconnection

of Lithuania’s infrastructure networks with the EU infrastructure

systems, pooling for this purpose financial

resources from the national budget, private capital

and international funds; to improve transport links

with Western Europe, first of all with the capital city of

Poland; to raise at the international level the issue of

energy security of the Baltic states and to seek practical

solution to this issue.

5) To deepen Lithuania’s economic co-operation with

the states of the region and promote export and investment;

to develop a system for supporting Lithuanian

investment abroad; to attract foreign financial

recourses for the implementation of national programmes

and strategies, targeting in particular the

development of modern knowledge economy in

Lithuania.

6) To strengthen Lithuania’s position as a centre of

information and cultural exchange; to increase allocations

from the national budget for the programmes

of cultural and academic exchange; to strengthen

39


Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

>>>

38

Lithuania is committed to take active part in

these processes, acting as a pro-active and

reliable member of the European Union and

NATO, and as a valued and prominent state

of the region.

2. LONG-TERM GOALS OF THE

LITHUANIAN FOREIGN POLICY

The political parties declare that the longterm

priority of the Lithuanian foreign policy

is to ensure, through diplomatic means, a

secure environment for the democratic development

of the state and the nation in the

face of new possibilities and threats by exploiting

the advantages of good bilateral

relations cultivated by Lithuania, by capitalizing

on the country’s membership in NATO,

the European Union and other international

organisations and by strengthening Lithuania

as a pro-active and respectable modern

nation.

The political parties are unanimous in their

belief that Lithuania can achieve this goal by

becoming a dynamic and attractive centre

of interregional cooperation, which spreads

the Euro-Atlantic values and the spirit of tolerance

and co-operation across the borders

and unites cultures and civilisations.

To achieve this goal Lithuania should:

- strengthen its position in NATO, the European

Union and other international institutions

and participate actively and fully in the

decision making process of these structures;

- make use of its geographical, historical and

cultural advantages as well as broaden its

experience of good neighbourly relations;

- strengthen the role of NATO and the European

Union on the international arena, ensure

effective action of the Euro-Atlantic structures

and promote Euro-Atlantic co-operation

and dissemination of the Euro-Atlantic

values.

Chairman of the Seimas Artûras Paulauskas, Prime Minister, former President

Algirdas Mykolas Brazauskas and incumbent President of the Republic Valdas

Adamkus, Minister of Foreign Affairs Antanas Valionis

INTERNATIONAL

RELATIONS

3. THE MAIN GOALS OF THE

LITHUANIAN FOREIGN POLICY

FOR 2004-2008

The political parties have agreed on the following

main goals of the Lithuanian foreign

policy for 2004-2008:

1) To foster the transatlantic relations of Lithuania

and of the European Union and to

strengthen co-operation with the North American

states, and in particular with the United

States of America; to adhere to the principle

that NATO is the main organisation of collective

security, which guarantees the security

of Lithuania; to ensure Lithuania’s participation

in the NATO-led operations and other

international missions undertaken to support

peace, protect human rights and guarantee

adherence to other international norms; to

seek the support of the United Nations and of

the international community for these operations

and missions; to ensure effective delivery

of all obligations of the membership in

NATO and other international organisations,

and to support actively the policy of enlargement

of the European Union and NATO.

2) To support further integration within the

European Union whilst taking due account

of the national interests of Lithuania; to create

the Union governed by effective institutions

and based on democratic legitimacy,

transparent and effective decision making

and equality of the member states; to support

the most advanced forms of co-operation

within the European Union, which are

open to all member states, and take an active

part in these co-operative activities, and

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

STATISTICS ABOUT MEMBERS OF SEIMAS

Distribution Members of Seimas by Age

ELECTIONS TO

THE SEIMAS

Distribution Members of Seimas by Age

Distribution Members

of Seimas by Sex

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

St. Anne‘s Church. One of the most beautiful and most renowned

buildings in Vilnius. Historians believe that the first (wooden) St.

Anne‘s was built in 14th century by the wife of Vytautas the Great. It

is also believed that the stone building was built by the Franciscan

monks in 1495-1500. The masterpiece of late Gothic has few equals

in the world and is surrounded by many legends. The most popular is

the story about Napoleon who said upon seeing St. Anne‘s that he

would like to put it on his palm and take to Paris.

adopted laws

& decrees

28 September

ADOPTED LAWS

& DECREES

THE ACTIVITIES OF THE COMMISSION ON

CULTURAL HERITAGE SHALL BE

REGULATED BY A SINGLE LAW

Law Amending the Law on Protection of Immovable Cultural Properties

(voting results: for – 79, abstained – 3) and the Law on the State Commission

on Cultural Heritage (voting results: for – 77, abstained – 1).

The Law Amending the Law on Protection of Immovable Cultural Properties

seeks to create the system of heritage protection management

and regulation, which would enable additional reorganisation to be

avoided in the immediate decade, as well as to harmonise interests of

the urban development and heritage protection, society and the owners

of the heritage; to rationally distribute functions between the Ministry

of Culture, the Ministry of Environment, the counties and self-governments,

which are planned to be given more rights and responsibility.

The requirements laid down in the law will prevent civil servants from

setting out ungrounded requirements, interpreting them. Furthermore,

restrictions will be registered in the Real Estate Register and will be

known to everybody in advance. A simple procedure for harmonising

projects and issuing licenses is being introduced, and business-friendly

environment is being formed.

Having changed the name of the State Commission on Monument Protection

into the State Commission on Cultural Heritage, the Law on the

State Commission on Cultural Heritage regulating the formation of the

Commission and its activities has been adopted.

The composition of the State Commission on Cultural Heritage remains

the same as that of the State Commission on Monument Protection till the

year 2007 seeking not to fall short of the expectations of those members

of the Commission who have been approved in accordance with the

procedure in force.

The Commission consists of 12 members: 2 members are appointed

and dismissed by the President of the Republic, 4 members are ap-

INTERNATIONAL

RELATIONS

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

AGREEMENT BETWEEN POLITICAL PARTIES OF THE

REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA ON THE MAIN FOREIGN GOALS

AND OBJECTIVES OF LITHUANIA FOR 2004-2008

The political parties of the Republic of

Lithuania,

Considering the transformed geopolitical environment

of Lithuania and noting a qualitative

change of the Lithuanian foreign policy

after the country’s accession to NATO, the

European Union and other international organisations,

Acknowledging that ensuring national security

remains a priority goal of the nation and

the State,

Desiring to ensure the continuity of the foreign

policy based on the consensus between

the political parties and broad public endorsement,

Being guided by the Resolution of the Seimas

of the Republic of Lithuania of 1 May 2004

concerning the guidelines for the Lithuanian

foreign policy after accession to NATO and

the European Union, and calling on the political

parties to conclude an agreement on

the main guidelines for the national foreign

policy for 2004-2008,

Have concluded this Agreement on the

main goals and objectives of Lithuania’s foreign

policy for 2004-2008 as well as conditions

necessary for their achievement.

1. THE MAIN PRINCIPLES OF

LITHUANIA’S FOREIGN POLICY

The political parties welcome successful integration

of Lithuania into NATO, the European

Union and other international institutions.

This goal was achieved by pursuing

an open and active foreign policy broadly

endorsed by Lithuanian political parties, and

in close co-operation with the Lithuanian society.

The political parties remain committed

to these principles of openness, effectiveness

and co-operation.

Membership of the Euro-Atlantic structures

and other international organisations contributes

to higher security and well being of the

people of Lithuania as well as ensures better

conditions for the development of the state

and the nation. Noting that foreign and internal

policies are closely inter-related and effectively

compliment each other, the political

parties are committed to bring the benefits

of this membership to every citizen of Lithuania.

The status of Lithuania as a full-fledged member

of NATO and the European Union enhances

the country’s responsibility for adherence

to democratic values and international

norms across the world, as well as for

successful development of relations between

states, cultures and civilisations.

While acting in the Euro-Atlantic structures

and international organisations, Lithuania

should continue to pursue an active foreign

policy aimed in particular at broadening and

deepening the integration of the member

states of the European Union whilst taking

due account of the national interests of Lithuania;

consolidation of NATO as the main component

of the Euro-Atlantic security and as

the key instrument in the fight against contemporary

threats; broader involvement of

NATO, the European Union and other international

organisations in securing peace and

stability and spreading the democratic values

across the world, and ensuring the continuity

of the “open door” policy vis-à-vis other

countries and regions.

37

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

NO SURPRISES TO EXPECT IN THE FOREIGN

POLICY OF THE STATE

Thirteen political parties of Lithuania involved in the Seimas election campaign

signed on 5 October a general Agreement on the main foreign goals and objectives

of Lithuania for 2004-2008.

When congratulating the party leaders, President of the Republic Valdas Adamkus

underlined that with Lithuania’s accession to the ES and NATO, its international responsibility

had increased and there appeared more political instruments to be used by

Lithuania.

Mr. Adamkus expressed hope that the Agreement on foreign policy “will set an example

as to how to find consensus on internal policies of the state.”

Prime Minister, President Algirdas Mykolas Brazauskas noted that agreements on maintaining

priorities in foreign policy had become a good tradition as a similar agreement

had also been signed before the previous Seimas elections too.

In the opinion of Foreign Minister Antanas Valionis, this Agreement will be a signal to the

West that “no surprises” are expected in the country’s foreign policy after the elections

to the Seimas.

The Agreement on the continuity of the foreign policy was signed by heads of the Labour

Party, Christian Conservatives Social Union, Liberal Democratic Party, Liberal and Centre

Union, Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party, Lithuanian Poles’ Electoral Action,

Lithuanian Russians’ Union, Lithuanian Social Democratic Party, Lithuanian Social Democratic

Union, Homeland Union, New Union, Union of Farmers’ Party and New Democracy

Party as well as National Centre Party.

INTERNATIONAL

RELATIONS

Agreement signed at the

Presidential Palace

ADOPTED LAWS

& DECREES

pointed and dismissed by the Seimas

on the recommendation of the Seimas

Committee on Education, Science and

Culture, 4 members are appointed and

dismissed by the Prime Minister on the

recommendation of the Minister of Culture,

2 members are elected and dismissed

by registered public organisations

whose activities are related to the

search, protection and propagation of

cultural heritage in the procedure established

by laws. The Commission is

chaired by the Chairperson who is appointed

for a two-year term of office and

dismissed by the Seimas on the recommendation

of the Committee on Education,

Science and Culture. The members

of the Commission are appointed for a

four-year term of office. The Commission

is accountable to the Seimas.

At present the activities of the State Commission

on Cultural Heritage in relevant

spheres are regulated by the Laws on

Protection of Movable Cultural Properties

and Protection of Immovable Cultural

Properties. After the Law on the

State Commission of Cultural Heritage

has been adopted, the activities of the

Commission in all the spheres will be

regulated by a single law. The Law shall

enter into force on 1 October 2005, with

the exception of paragraph 1 of Article

3, which regulates the composition of

the Commission. This provision shall

enter into force on 10 March 2007.

Sculpture by Dalia Matulaitë

Law Amending the Law on Art Creators

and their Organisations. Voting

results: for – 70.

The law shall establish the bases and

the procedure for granting and abolishing

the status of the art creator and

the organisation of art creators.

The status of creators of art shall be

granted in the following ways:

1) after the organisation of art creators

has admitted a person its member when

his/her creative work complies with the

bases for granting the status of the creator

of art;

2) in the event a person does not belong

to the organisation of art creators,

the said status can be granted by the

Council of Granting the Status of the Art

Creator and the Organisation of Art

Creators (hereinafter referred to as the

Council) in the procedure established

by this law.

The Council, in fulfilling the functions of

an expert and consultant, shall grant the

status of the creator of art or the organisation

of creators of art.

The Council consists of 15 members.

The term of office of the Council is two

years. Each organisation of art creators

shall nominate to the Ministry of Culture

one candidature to the members of the

Council. The Minister of Culture appoints

12 members of the Council from these

candidatures representing different

spheres of art, other 3 members of the

Council are appointed from professional

art valuators and competent specialists

in other spheres. The Minister of Culture

approves the Council, its regulations, its

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

composition and the rules for paying for

the services provided by its members.

After the law has been adopted the Ministry

of Culture will have to store data

about creators of art and organisations

of creators of art in the computerised

information system and keep account

of the art creators who are ensured from

the state funds.

Furthermore, according to the explanatory

note, whereby this law it is sought

to achieve that the Law on State Social

Insurance should establish the possibility

for the individuals who engage in independent

creative work and have the

status of the creator of art, when the

annual amount of their income is less

than 12 minimum monthly wages, to pay

a part of the contribution to the state

social insurance base pension in the

procedure established by the Government.

The other part of the state social

insurance contribution would be covered

from the state budgetary funds.

For many artists it is very important to

have art studios. This law shall provide

the possibility for an individual having

the status of an artist to make use of the

state aid in acquiring and maintaining

art studios. The same is to be said about

the premises necessary for the activities

of professional organisations of creators

of art. According to the data of the

organisations of creators of art of Lithuania,

at present art creators are in need

of 237 non-residential premises, the average

size of each of them being 50

square metres. Four organisations of art

creators have no premises for carrying

out creative programmes at all.

THE ADOPTED AMENDMENT OF THE LAW SHOULD

ENCOURAGE BICYCLE TOURISM IN LITHUANIA

The Law Amending and Supplementing Article 8 of the Law on Motorless

Transport Voting results: for – 70.

The purpose of the law is to create conditions for motorless means of transport to

make use of the roads for general use in a mixed flow of motor transport vehicles by

arranging and marking bicycle lanes with relevant marks. The explanatory note

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

states that the State Service for Protected

Areas under the Ministry of Environment,

taking into account bicycle tourism which

recently has been gaining in popularity in

Lithuania, and seeking to prepare for the

application of the EU structural funds as

good as possible, has established designing

of bicycle tourism routes with the information

system and arranging them in state

parks as one of the priority activities since 2003. For this purpose about 80 per cent of the funds annually

allocated from the Road Maintenance and Development Programme to put in order the roads in protected

areas is planned to be given to building bicycle tourism routes with the information system. At present

technical projects for tourism routes with the information infrastructure in six state parks have already been

drawn up: in Aukðtaitija and Dzûkija National Parks and in Asveja, Aukðtadvaris, Labanoras, Viðtytis

Regional Parks. By the end of the year projects for bicycle tourism routes with the information system in

Anykðèiai, Neris, Graþutë, Salantai Regional Parks will be drawn up.

Law Supplementing Article 4 of the

Law Amending the Law on Territorial

Planning (Voting results: for - 29, abstained

– 2) and Law Amending and

Supplementing Articles 4, 12, 15, 22,

24 of the Law on Territorial Planning.

Voting results: for - 32, abstained 2.

These amendments of the Law on Territorial

Planning establish that master plans

of cities or small towns will not have to

be amended if plots of land planned in

these territories for other purposes than

those established in the plan account

for up to 20 per cent of the total area of

that territory.

Master plans will not be necessary to

be amended either in case conversion

of polluting objects of the industrial purpose

were carried out when changing

the manner of use of the plot of land.

Also, in the future a preliminary valuation

of social, economic and environmental

consequences when changing the

targeted purpose of the use of land will

not be required.

18

29 September

Seimas Resolution on Extension of the

Participation of Lithuanian Military

Units in International Operations in

the Balkans, Central and Southern

Asia and the Persian Gulf Regions

and on Repealing Resolutions of the

Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania.

Voting results: for – 30, against – 4, abstained

– 4.

Whereby this Resolution it was decided

to extend participation of Lithuanian military

units made up of soldiers and civil

personnel attributed to the military

forces in the international operations on

a voluntary basis up till 31 December

2005: up to 140 soldiers and civil personnel

in the Balkan region; up to 70

ADOPTED LAWS

& DECREES

soldiers and civil personnel in the region

of Central and Southern Asia; up

to 120 soldiers and civil personnel in the

region of the Persian Gulf.

Law on Amending and Supplementing

Articles 1, 3 and 9 of the Law on

Guarantee Fund and the Law on Supplementing

the Law with an Annex.

Voting results: for – 35, abstained – 4.

According to the explanatory note, the

aim of this law is to harmonise the Law

on Guarantee Fund with the provisions

of Council Directive 80/987/EEC of 20

October 1980 on the approximation of

the laws on the Member States relating

to the protection of employees in the

event of the insolvency of their employer,

which regulate guarantees for the em-

INTERNATIONAL

RELATIONS

VISIT OF EX-MEMBERS OF THE EUROPEAN

PARLIAMENT TO LITHUANIA

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

international

relations

On 28 September – 5 October, a delegation of ex-members of the European Parliament

headed by Marlene Lenz paid a visit to the Baltic States.

On 29 September, they met with Chairman of the Seimas Artûras Paulauskas, members

of the Committee on European Affairs.

35


34

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

RURAL AFFAIRS

On 27 October, the Seimas Committee on Rural Affairs, upon considering at a sitting the data

submitted by the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Lithuanian

University of Agriculture, the State Land Survey Institute, the Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture

and Agrochemical Research Centre under the Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture on the resumption

of assessments of the productivity of land in Lithuania and hearing of reports of the representatives

of these institutions, stated that previous assessments of the productivity of land had

been carried out according to the old classification of soils, which does not meet the requirements

of the new classification of Lithuanian soils LTDK-99 and the EU standards. The latest

assessment employed the data of the agrochemical research of soils carried out until 1990.

Since then, land users, character of the use of land, cultivation technologies and the intensity of

the fertilisation and chalking of soils have undergone considerable changes. The melioration

systems of approximately 12 per cent of drained areas do not function at all or function inefficiently.

Therefore, the methodology for the assessment of the productivity of land that is currently

in force does not correspond to the present situation.

The Committee noted that the assessment

of the country’s land aiming at establishing

the fertility of agricultural lands

had been provided for in Lithuania’s

negotiation positions in respect of determining

requirements for obtaining EU

aid and subsidies. Moreover, these data

are used for the implementation of the

national long-term agriculture development

strategies.

The Committee on Rural Affairs has decided

to approve the proposal on the

resumption of assessments of the productivity

of land in Lithuania and has

proposed that the Government:

- develops a schedule for the resumption

of assessments of the productivity of

land in Lithuania by fixing specific time

limits for carrying out of works and enters

the funds necessary for the implementation

of the schedule on the list of

the works financed by the State;

-in order to improve the preparation for

the use of the EU structural funds for the

period of 2007-2013, works out, over the

years 2005-2006, an adjustment of the

index of the soil fertility of less-favoured

areas and of areas with environmental

restrictions, appoints the persons in

charge and allocates the required funds.

The Committee has decided to propose

that the Ministry of Agriculture:

AT THE SEIMAS

COMMITTEES

Sitting of the Committee on Rural Affairs

-forms a working group to draw up a

detailed methodology for the assessment

of the productivity of land;

-prepares recommendations on the assessment

of the productivity of agricultural

lands that is carried out independently

by farmers.

Information of the Committee on

Rural Affairs

ADOPTED LAWS

& DECREES

ployees of the insolvent undertakings or those

undergoing bankruptcy. With this end in view

Article 3 of this law establishes a more exact

and detailed provision that only those employees

who worked up till the time when the

undertaking became insolvent will have the

right to make use of the payments of the Guarantee

Fund, and those who were employed

afterwards, for example, by the administrator

of bankruptcy, will not be entitled to these

payments, that is, the funds from the Guarantee

Fund are allocated at the amount established

in this law for payments of the employees

of the undertakings, which are undergoing

bankruptcy or which have gone bankrupt,

who had worked at the undertaking till

the day on which the ruling of the court to

bring a bankruptcy action against the undertaking

was adopted or till the day on which

decision of the meeting of creditors to carry out

the bankruptcy procedures out of court was

adopted, irrespective of the fact whether labour

relations continue or have been terminated.

By means of another amendment the typical

form of an agreement of transferring the funds

from the Guarantee Fund approved by the

Council of the Fund is changed into the exemplary

form of transferring the funds from

the Guarantee Fund, which, according to the

explanatory note, will simplify the preparation

of agreements and harmonisation of the

obligations of the contracting Parties in each

specific case. The law shall come into force

on 1 November.

Law on Amending Articles 2, 5, 6, 8 and 12

of the Law on Benefits to Children. Voting

results: for – 40.

By means of this amendment assistance to

families raising children under one year of

age has been increased seeking to partly

cover the losses incurred on account of imposing

the 18 per cent tariff of VAT on children

diapers.

A one-off payment to a family upon giving

birth of a baby has been increased up to 8

minimum standards of living (instead of the

currently established one-off payment

amounting to 6 minimum standards of living).

Algirdas Sysas, Chairman of the Committee

on Social Affairs and Labour, is the initiator of

the amendment.

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

Seimas Resolution on the Appointment

of Zita Zamþickienë as the

Seimas Ombudsperson. Voting results:

for – 44.

Whereby this Resolution Zita

Zamþickienë has been appointed the

Seimas Ombudsperson from 18 October

2004 to investigate the activities

of the officials of counties and local municipal

institutions.

Zita Zamþickienë graduated from the Law Faculty of

Vilnius University in 1983. She has worked in the sphere

of law since 1985 – in the same year she started work at

the Department of Statistics under the Government of

the Republic of Lithuania; from 1992 she worked in the

Commission of Health Care and Social Affairs of the

Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania – the

Reconstituent Seimas; later she worked at the Seimas

of the Republic of Lithuania. She has been on study

visits to the Bundestag in Germany, the European Parliament,

the Institute of the Democracy Development of

the European Parliament, Baden-Vürtemberg Landtag

in Germany on the issues of the personnel and took part

in the seminars on human rights.

Following the practice of many European and world countries, the Seimas

Ombudsmen’s Office, or the institution protecting human rights, was established

in Lithuania on 8 December 1994.

The Seimas Ombudsmen are appointed for the term of 4 years from the

candidates nominated by the Chairman of the Seimas of the Republic of

Lithuania. All of them are law graduates. The ombudsmen have equal

rights and duties and each of them function independently when investigating

complaints. One of the Ombudsmen is appointed Head of the

Office.

On 28 January 2003, four Seimas Ombudspersons of the third term were

appointed: Elvyra Baltutytë, Rimantë Ðalaðevièiûtë, Romas Valentukevièius.

Zita Zamþickienë continued her term from October 2000. Mr. Valentukevièius

was appointed Head of the Office.

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

After Lithuania has become the EU member,

the propagating material, which by

decision of the Council of Europe is recognised

as equal to that grown in the European

Community, can be imported from

Law Amending Articles 16 and 19 of

the Law on Social Insurance of Sickness

and Maternity. Voting results: for

– 45, against – 0, abstained –1.

From 1 November this year maternity

benefits shall be paid also to those

women whose fixed-term employment

contract, the term of appointment to office

or the time period of authorisations

terminate during their pregnancy, and

also as long as the child becomes one

year old.

Law on Amending Articles 4 and 6 of

the Law on the Status of Diplomatic

Missions of Foreign States in the

Republic of Lithuania. Voting results:

for – 35.

Whereby this amendment it shall be

established that heads of diplomatic

missions, ambassadors and nuncios,

envoys and internuncios shall be accredited

by the President of the Republic

(formerly they were accredited by

the Chairman of the Seimas of the Republic

of Lithuania).

Law Amending Articles 17 and 27 of

the Law on Income Tax of Residents.

20

12 October

ADOPTED LAWS

& DECREES

ADOPTED NEW WORDING OF THE LAW ON

SEED CULTIVATION WILL MAKE IMPORT OF

PROPAGATING MATERIAL FROM THIRD

COUNTRIES STRICTER

Law Amending the Law on Seed Cultivation. Voting results: for – 82, abstained – 2.

The law of the new wording shall regulate placing on the market, certification of

propagating material of agricultural, orchid, garden and ornamental plants, as well as

import of propagating material from third countries. The provisions of the law have

been harmonised with the legal acts of the European Union, which are specified in the

annex to this law.

third countries and having a single license

issued by the Ministry of Agriculture or its

authorised institution. The Ministry of Agriculture

shall establish the procedure for

issuing a single license. The reproductive

Voting results: for – 32, abstained – 2.

Seeking to encourage non-traditional

businesses in rural areas and to establish

clear criteria for tax-exempt income

derived by farmers, the amendment of

this law shall establish that not only income

earned by the farmers from agricultural

activities being carried out but

also the income derived from selling

other production grown and processed

by the farmers themselves in the agricultural

land shall not be subject to any

taxes. For example, income derived from

willows grown for wickerwork, Christmas

trees and other non-traditional

plants. The Government of the Republic

of Lithuania or its authorised institutions

shall compile a list of other production

grown or grown and processed in agricultural

land.

Law Amending Article 21 of the Law

on Income Tax of Residents. Voting

results: for – 31, abstained – 1.

Whereby this amendment of the law

parents who bring up severely disabled

children shall be granted the right to

make use of tax privileges when paying

contributions into the pension fund for

the benefit of such adult children.

material being imported must be packed,

labelled and have the quality certificate

issued by an official institution of the third

country responsible for certification of the

reproductive material.

Hence, the possibility would be raised

for the parents, who have disabled children

that are unable to work to store

funds for further maintenance of such

children under the most favourable conditions.

Thus far parents have been able to make

use of this privilege when paying contributions

to pension funds and life insurance

contributions for the benefit of their

underage children or their spouse.

Law Amending Articles 1 and 13 of

the Law on State Pensions. Voting

results: for – 31.

This law shall grant the right to the individuals

who, according to the Agreement

on Exchange of Residents concluded

between the Soviet Union and

Nazi Germany on 10 January 1941, were

brought to Lithuania, to receive the victim’s

state pension.

Seimas Resolution On Supplementing

Articles 1 and 2 of the Seimas

Resolution On the Composition of

the Council of National Radio and

Television of Lithuania. Voting results:

for – 32, abstained – 3.

AT THE SEIMAS

COMMITTEES

EUROPEAN AFFAIRS

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

DEPUTY CHAIRMAN OF THE COMMITTEE ON EUROPEAN AFFAIRS

EGIDIJUS VAREIKIS ACQUAINTED REPRESENTATIVES OF THE

EUROPEAN COMMISSION WITH NEW SEIMAS PROCEDURES

On 5 October, Senior advisor of the

Seimas Committee on European Affairs

Loreta Raulinaitytë delivered a presentation

to the representatives of the European

Commission on the new Seimas

procedures according to which the Government

of the Republic of Lithuania is

going to be granted a parliamentary

mandate to take decisions at the sittings

of the Council of Ministers in the European

Union.

FOREIGN AFFAIRS

The procedure for granting of the parliamentary

mandate to ministers has been

laid down in amendments to the Statute

of the Seimas, which are currently being

considered by the Seimas. A delegation

of the officers of the European

Commission is coming to Lithuania to get

acquainted with the procedure of the

resolution of the European Union policy

issues in the Lithuanian administration.

Informative visits of the officers of the Eu-

On 26 October, head of the Seimas Delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the

Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Sigita Burbienë presented

the delegation’s report to the members of the Committee on Foreign Affairs.

After the consideration of the report, the members of the Committee approved the

submitted report by general consent. During the consideration,

the members of the Committee also supported the opinion

of the head of the delegation on the necessity to ensure

at least a partial continuity of the participation of the members

of the delegation and the representation of the Republic

of Lithuania by at least one member of the delegation in

the three standing committees (political affairs and security,

economic affairs, technology and environmental protection,

democracy, human rights and humanitarian affairs) at the

annual sessions of this Parliamentary Assembly. The members

of the Committee also supported the opinion that the

observation of elections must be considered one of the es-

Loreta Raulinaitytë

ropean Commission are organised in various

Member States of the EU aiming at

helping the officers of the Commission to

acquaint themselves with the culture of

these states as well as with their political,

state management and economic structure.

Twenty representatives of the European

Commission are going to meet

with significant representatives of the

economic, political, administrative and

cultural spheres.

sential areas of the activities of the Seimas

delegation to the OSCE Parliamentary

Assembly.

Sigita Burbienë

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

INFORMATION SOCIETY

32

at the Seimas

committees

COMMITTEE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF

INFORMATION SOCIETY WAS

ACQUAINTED WITH ACTIVITIES OF THE

EMERGENCY RESPONSE CENTRE AND

PERSPECTIVES OF ITS DEVELOPMENT

On 30 September, the Seimas Committee on the Development of

Information Society visited the Emergency Response Centre

(BPC), in which Director of the Centre Artûras Kedavièius acquainted

the visitors with the activities of BPC and perspectives of its development.

In 2002, the Government resolution approved the strategy for the

establishment of BPC and introduction of the single emergency calling

telephone number 112 and the schedule of its implementation.

BPC was established on 17 June 2003, and on 1 September 2004,

BPC commenced the implementation of its main objective – answering

to emergency calls and responding to requests for help.

Mr. Kedavièius mentioned the main advantages of the centralised handling of calls:

AT THE SEIMAS

COMMITTEES

Artûras Kedavièius

the calling person only has to explain a situation once and ask for help;

• an officer taking the call determines what help is necessary more quickly and accurately by making

use of modern IT;

• more accurate information on the need for help reaches more quickly relevant emergency services;

• information on the need for help is of a uniform format and is communicated to relevant emergency

services at the same time;

• actions of separate emergency services in reaching the site of an accident and in providing aid are

coordinated in a more efficient way.

Moreover, the credibility, security and the principle of the operation of the information system

was discussed.

ADOPTED LAWS

& DECREES

Whereby this resolution the Chairman of

the Council of Higher Education

Valentinas Milaknis was approved member

of the Council of National Radio and

Television of Lithuania. The opposition Parliamentary

Group of the Homeland Union-Conservatives

nominated this candidate

in the place of the earlier nominated

candidature of writer Petras Dirgëla who

was not approved by the Seimas.

19 October

On the recommendation of the Seimas

of the Republic of Lithuania, Gediminas

Ilgûnas, a historian, journalist; Jurga

Ivanauskaitë, a writer; Valentinas

Milaknis, Chairman of the Higher Education

Council; Saulius Vosylius, television

and cinema producer were approved

as members of the Council of National

Radio and Television of Lithuania.

Resolution of the Seimas On the Approval of Appointment of

Povilas Malakauskas Director of the Republic of Lithuania Special

Investigation Service. Voting results: for – 68, abstained – 5.

By this resolution, the Seimas approved the appointment of Povilas

Malakauskas Director of the Republic of Lithuania Special Investigation

Service (hereinafter – “STT”). All parliamentary groups acknowledged

that the proposed candidate possesses sufficient competence

to hold office of the head of STT. However, members of the

Seimas Mixed Parliamentary Group did not present their opinion.

Povilas Malakauskas was born on 27 October 1955

in Vilnius. In 1978, he graduated from the Faculty of

Physics of Vilnius University. Mr. Malakauskas has participated

in trainings in Norway, Sweden and the USA:

in 1992, he listened to the Total Defence Course at the

Norwegian National Defence College, a product and

system technology and cryptology course by

CRYPTO AG. In 1994, he attended the Systems Management

Course at the Swedish Ministry of Defence;

in 1995 – the Defence Resources Management

Course in the USA; in 1998 – the course “Negotiation

Skills” at the Public Servants Training Centre.

Mr. Malakauskas has worked in the national defence

system since 1992. He has been Secretary of the

Ministry of National Defence since 1996.

Povilas Malakauskas holds the degree of Doctor of

Physics and is a co-author of over 40 studies.

Professional activities

1978-1992 – Engineer, junior research fellow, research

fellow, head of a group at the Lithuanian Semiconductor

Physics Institute.

1992-1994 – Deputy Chief of the Communications

and Information Systems Service of the Ministry of

National Defence.

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

The Council of National Radio and Television

shall be made up of 12 persons

for a six-year time period, who are appointed

by the President of the Republic,

the Seimas, the Council of Science

of Lithuania, the Council of Education of

Lithuania, the Lithuanian Association of

Artists, the Lithuanian Conference of

Bishops.

Povilas Malakauskas

1994-1996 – Director

of the International

Relations Department

of the

Ministry of National

Defence.

20 March 1996 –

Secretary of the Ministry of National Defence (coordinated defence

policy; international relations; cooperation with NATO and the EU).

30 December 1996 – Vice-Minister of the Minister of National Defence

(coordinated international relations; plans, programmes,

budget).

26 April 2002 – Secretary of the Ministry of National Defence (defence

policy and international relations; cooperation with NATO, the

EU).

Awards: Commemorative Badge for the Withdrawal of the Russian

Armed Forces from Lithuania (1993); the Officer Medal for Merits to

the Republic of Poland (2001); the Medal for Merits (2002); the Commemorative

Medal to Mark Lithuania’s Invitation to NATO (2003); the

Cross of the Commander of the Order for Merits to Lithuania (2003);

the 3 rd Class Medal of S. George of Ukraine “For Excellent Service”

(2003); the Cross of the Commander of the Order of the Cross of

Vytis (2004); the Commemorative Medal Marking Lithuania’s Accession

to NATO (2004).

21


22

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

PARLIAMENT REJECTED VETO OF THE

PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC

ADOPTED LAWS

& DECREES

Law Amending Article 9 of the Law on the Amount of Compensations for Real Property Bought out by the

State, the Source, Term and Order of Payment of such Compensations, and Guarantees and Privileges

Provided for in the Law on the Restoration of the Rights of Ownership of Citizens to the Existing Real

Property. Voting results: for – 71, against – 5, abstained – 2.

The Seimas has overridden the veto

of the President of the Republic*, i.e.,

to repeal Articles 1 and 2 of the Law

Amending Article 9 of this Law, under

which the Seimas would amend the

procedure for compensating for the

real estate which entered into force

on 8 July 1998.

Toma Birmontienë

The unamended law passed by the

Seimas (21 September 2004) remained

in force providing for an adjustment

of the market value of living

premises on lease within the time limits

and according to the procedure set

by the Government in order to reimburse

the lessees for expenses on

the acquisition of living premises.

The State has undertaken to return

real estate to its owners until 2009 by

annually allocating funds for this purpose

in the State budget. LTL 50 million

have been earmarked in the

budget of 2005 for the fulfilment of

these obligations.

*On 12 October, Adviser of the President of the

Republic on Legal Affairs Toma Birmontienë submitted

to the Seimas the decree of the President of

the Republic of Lithuania on the Republic of Lithuania

Law Amending Article 9 of the Law on the

Amount of Compensations for Real Property

Bought out by the State, the Source, Term and

Order of Payment of such Compensations, and

Guarantees and Privileges Provided for in the Law

on the Restoration of the Rights of Ownership of

Citizens to the Existing Real Property as passed

by the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania to be

returned to the Seimas for repeat consideration.

The President proposed to repeal Articles 1 and 2

of the Law Amending Article 9 of the Republic of

Lithuania the Law on the Amount of Compensations

for Real Property Bought out by the State,

the Source, Term and Order of Payment of such

Compensations, and Guarantees and Privileges

Provided for in the Law on the Restoration of the

Rights of Ownership of Citizens to the Existing Real

Property.

In the opinion of the President, the Seimas should

have repeatedly considered this law, because the

Law Amending Article 9 violates the principle of

equality of persons, which is stipulated in Article 29

of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania.

THE SEIMAS BEGAN

DELIBERATION

quality monitoring, the conditions for realisation and the procedure

for issuing licences should be established in the procedure for supervising

safety and quality of home-distilled alcohol and issuing licences.

Draft Law Supplementing Article 27 1 of the Law on the Notary

Office No. IXP-3534. The objective of this draft law is to raise the

possibility for the rural population whose majority is elderly people,

without going to notary offices, to authorise other persons to handle

legal registration documents of ownership of their houses, buildings,

land and other immovable property.

According to the Seimas member, granting the right to the elders to

certify powers of attorney issued to register immovable property and

ownership rights to them in the Cadastre and the Register of Real

Estate, would speed up the process of legal registration of houses

and plots of land and would reduce expenditure of the rural population

on carrying out this procedure.

It was decided to approve of the draft law after its submission and to

commence the procedure of its deliberation. The Committee on Legal

Affairs was appointed the principal committee and the Committee

on Budget and Finance was appointed the additional committee. The

preliminary date of deliberation the draft law at a sitting of the Seimas is

to propose that the Seimas of the 10 th term of office should consider it.

The Chairman of the Committee on

Alfonsas Macaitis

Environment Protection Alfonsas

Macaitis submitted a Draft Law on

the Chamber of Architects No.

IXP-3921.

The draft law regulates the establishment

of the Chamber of Architects

of the Republic of Lithuania

(hereinafter referred to as the Chamber),

the functions carried out by

the Chamber, its activities and management

seeking to ensure transparency

of the architectural activities,

the quality of designing work,

to regulate costs of designing work,

to address issues of quality upgrading

of architects, recognition of their

qualification and improvement of

their professional qualifications, to

represent architects in courts and other institutions, to solve other

issues relating to architecture and urbanism.

Directive of the Council of 10 June 1985 (85/384/EEC) regulates the

procedure and requirements for mutual recognition of diplomas, certificates

and other evidence of formal qualifications in architecture,

including measures to facilitate the effective exercise of the right of

establishment and freedom to provide services.

According to the speaker, taking into consideration the importance of

architectural activities, as well as the fact that creative organisations

(the Union of Architects of Lithuania is such an organisation) are

unable to resolve many issues relating to regulation of architectural

activities, apart from state institutions (ministries), which are formally

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

responsible for architectural designing, “half-state” institutions

the Chamber of Architects – operate in the countries

of the European Union.

At present the Laws on Construction and Territorial Planning

and other legal acts regulate only a part of the issues

referred to in the Law on the Chamber of Architects.

The Union of Architects of Lithuania unites architects

of Lithuania. The number of certified architects in Lithuania

totals over 3,000, however, only a little more than

1,000 architects are members of the Union.

It was decided to approve of the draft law after its

submission and to commence the procedure of its

deliberation. Voting results: for – 26, against – 2, abstained

– 8. The Committee on Environment Protection

was appointed the principal committee; the Committee

on Budget on Finance, the Committee on Social

Affairs and Labour, the Committee on Legal Affairs and

the Committee on State Administration and Local Authorities

were appointed additional committees. The preliminary

date of considering the draft law at a sitting of

the Seimas is to consider it at the Seimas of the next term

of office. It was decided to ask the Government of the

Republic to present its conclusions on

the draft law being submitted.

The Minister of National Defence

Linas Linkevièius submitted a Draft

Law Amending and Supplementing

Articles 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13,

14, 16, 20, 21, 28, 34, 36, 38, 39, 42,

44, 45, 49, 52, 53, 54, 55, 62, 67, 73

of the Law on Organisation of the

National Defence System and Military

Service No. IXP-3916. According

to the explanatory note, these

amendments seek to create preconditions

to carry on the reform of the

national defence system, the Armed

Forces and military service taking into

consideration the requirements set

to Lithuanian’s membership of NATO

and its participation in the common

defence policy of the European Union; to harmonise

the provisions of the Law on Organisation of the National

Defence System and Military Service with the

provisions of the Law on the Basics of National Security

in Lithuania, the Law on the Status of Civil National

Defence Service and other laws. It was decided to

approve of the draft law after its submission and to

start the procedure of its deliberation. Voting results:

for - 29, against - 1, abstained – 7. The Committee on

National Security and Defence was appointed the principal

committee. The preliminary date of considering

the draft law at a sitting of the Seimas is 9 November.

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Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

nia and other persons who became victims as a

result of the USSR aggression perpetrated during

January 11-13, 1991 and subsequent events

and their social guarantees in a separate law.

It is proposed to establish that defenders of the

independence of the Republic of Lithuania who

became victims as a result of the USSR aggression

perpetrated during January 11-13, 1991

and subsequent events should be entitled to

the state annuity of the defender of the independence

of the Republic of Lithuania, and

their children, spouses and parents should be

entitled to the state annuity of widows (widowers)

and orphans of the defender of the independence

of the Republic of Lithuania.

26 October

Member of the Seimas Gintautas Mikolaitis submitted a Draft Law Amending

Articles 19 and 126 of the Law on Value-Added Tax No.IXP-3122.

The Seimas member proposes that a favourable 5 per cent VAT on ecological

agricultural and food products should be established beginning with 1 January

of the following year.

Member of the Seimas Giedrë Purvaneckienë submitted a Draft Law Amending

Article 3.157 of the Civil Code No. IXP-3845. By this amendment the

Seimas member proposes that the issues of child care should be resolved

when his/her parents go abroad to look for a job leaving their underage

children without a legal representative in accordance with the law, that is,

leaving their children in the care of their relatives, acquaintances, neighbours

who are not legally authorised to represent and defend the child’s interests.

Therefore it is proposed that parents should, before leaving for a foreign

country, express their will with respect to a temporary care of their child (rather

than the establishment of care and place of residence of the child) by appealing

to court. A court, taking into consideration the child’s desires and legal

interests (imperative of Article 3.3 of the Civil Code) should appoint

a temporary legal representative to a child in the procedure

of a simplified process and should establish the child’s

place of residence.

After a child has been appointed a legal representative a care payment

would be paid to him/her, however, such a family, on sound

basis, could be supported in accordance with the Law on Social

Assistance in Cash to Low-Income Families (Persons Living Alone).

28 October

Chairman of the Committee on Rural Affairs Gintautas Kniukðta

submitted:

Draft Law Amending Articles 10, 12, 17, 18 and 34 of the Law

30

THE SEIMAS BEGAN

DELIBERATION

After the law of a new wording has been adopted, the size of the

annuity of the defender of the independence of the Republic of Lithuania

would amount to two minimum monthly wages (MMW) per month,

that is, LTL 1,000, and the size of the annuity of widows (widowers)

and orphans of the defender of the independence would account

for 60 per cent of the annuity of the defender of the independence of

the Republic of Lithuania per person. It would be paid to: 1) orphans

(children and adopted children) until they are 18 years old, as well as to

children over 18 years of age if they became disabled before they

reached 18 years, also to full-time students and pupils of secondary,

higher, further and vocational schools registered in the established procedure

until they graduate from or finish the above mentioned schools,

however, not longer than till they become 24 years old; 2) to widows

(widowers) who have not remarried, regardless of their age; 3) to mother

and fathers regardless of their age.

The planned date of coming into force of the aw shall be 1 January 2005.

on Alcohol Control No. IXP-3709. The

draft law is aimed at legalising production

of home-distilled alcohol, that is, to

grant the right to farmers whose farm is

registered with the Register of Farmers’

Farm and who provide services of rural

tourism. to produce home-distilled alcohol

(which does not exceed 50 per cent

concentration of ethyl alcohol by volume).

Also, the proposal is made in the draft

law that the raw materials allowable to

be used in producing alcohol, its production

volumes, certification of production

equipment and conditions, reliability

of the producer, the procedure for

Gintautas Mikolaitis

RATIFIED INTERNA-

TIONAL DOCUMENTS

28 September

Law on the Ratification of Additional

Protocol to Anti-Doping Convention.

Voting results: for – 75, abstained – 1.

The Seimas ratified Additional Protocol

to Anti-Doping Convention adopted on

12 September 2002 in Warsaw.

The provisions of the Additional Protocol

to Anti-Doping Convention define the

activities of both national and international

doping control authorities on the

territory of other signatories to the Convention.

This ensures adherence to the

international standards for doping sampling,

which enables harmonizing the

sampling procedures and, if necessary,

protecting the rights of a sportsperson.

One of the key provisions of the Additional

Protocol is the recognition of

WADA’s right to examine sportspersons

not only during competitions while training

on Lithuania’s territory, also to examine

Lithuanian sportspersons visiting

abroad for purposes other than attending

a competition. In each case the results

are communicated not only to the

sportsperson, but also to a respective

national federation or national anti-doping

authority.

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

ratified international

documents

Law on the Ratification of Convention

for the Pacific Settlement of International

Disputes. Voting results: for

– 71.

Law on the Ratification of Agreement

between the Government of the Republic

of Lithuania and the Government

of Romania on the Readmission

of Citizens and Foreigners. Voting

results: for – 69.

Agreement between the Government of

the Republic of Lithuania and the Government

of Romania on the Readmission

of Citizens and Foreigners signed

on 19 February 2004 in Bucharest was

ratified. This Agreement will facilitate the

readmission procedure for both Lithuanian

and Romanian citizens who fail to

meet or do not anymore meet the conditions

for entry or presence applicable

in either state, also the readmission conditions

for citizens of third states and

persons without citizenship as well as

the transit procedure applicable to the

persons being sent out.

Law on the Ratification of Agreement

on the Nordic Investment Bank Between

the Kingdom of Denmark, Republic

of Estonia, Republic of Iceland,

Republic of Latvia, Republic of

Lithuania, Kingdom of Norway, Republic

of Finland and Kingdom of

Sweden. Voting results: for – 72.

With the ratification of the Agreement,

Lithuania became a full-fledged member

of the Nordic Investment Bank (NIB),

the multi-lateral international financial in-

stitution. Lithuania’s membership with the

Bank will give it a possibility to borrow

from this international financial institution

on good terms for the implementation

of various both state and private investment

projects. Participation in the activities

of the Bank’s Board and its other

bodies will enable Lithuania to more effectively

influence the policy of the Nordic

states while implementing the Bank’s

aims and adopting decisions on funding

regional projects and programmes

related to the Baltic Sea region that are

important to our country, and on the

award of grants to the said measures,

reads the explanatory note.

Law on the Ratification of WHO

Framework Convention on Tobacco

Control. Voting results: for – 64.

WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco

Control adopted on 21 May 2003

in Geneva was ratified.

This international instrument establishes

the minimum requirements applicable

to all countries for regulating the reduction

of demand and supply of tobacco

products, the creation of tobacco-free

environment, and promotes global concerted

measures aimed at reducing

smoking and its harm to human health

on an international level.

According to the explanatory note,

Lithuania is the only country in the Baltic

region where the number of daily male

smokers aged between 20-64 amounts

to 43.7 per cent. The number of daily

female smokers aged between 20-64

23


Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

rose from 6.3 to 12.8 per cent this year

in Lithuania. According to the findings

of the 2003 survey, the number of smoking

male teenagers aged between 15-

18 is 48.8 per cent while the number

among teenage girls is 32.8 per cent.

According to the data of the Patients’

Fund, Lithuania’s budget loses about

51 million litas annually owing to smoking-incurred

diseases.

Law on the Ratification of the Universal

Postal Union Documents. Voting

results: for – 71.

Law on the Ratification of Amendments

(institutionalising the Facilitation

Committee) to the 1948 International

Maritime Organization Convention

adopted in 1991 in London.

Voting results: for – 76.

Lithuania has been involved in the activities

of the International Maritime Organization

since 1995, when the Seimas ratified

this international convention.

Law on the Ratification of Agreement

on a Testing Polygon for the Application

of Kyoto Inventories in the

Energy Projects in the Baltic Sea Region.

Voting results: for – 66.

12 October

Law on the Ratification on the Provision

of Telecommunication Resources

for Disaster Mitigation and

Relief Operations. Voting results: for

80.

19 October

Law on the Ratification of the Convention

for the Unification of Certain

Rules Relating to International Carriage

by Air. Voting results: for – 77.

Law on the Ratification of the Agreement

on the Status of Missions and

Representatives of Third States to the

North Atlantic Organization. Voting

results: for – 79.

24

28 September

RATIFIED INTERNA-

TIONAL DOCUMENTS

the Seimas

began

deliberation

Vice-Minister of Justice Gintaras Ðvedas submitted a

Draft Law Amending Articles 120, 121, 126 the Criminal

Code and Supplementing the Code with Article

132(1) No. IXP-3579. The main objective of the draft is

to legalise a new preventive measure in the Criminal

Code according to which a suspected person or a

person accused of having committed a crime of violence

can be obligated by court to live separately from

the victim.

12 October

THE DRAFT LAW ON THE

APPROVAL OF FINANCIAL

INDICATORS OF THE STATE BUDGET AND

MUNICIPAL BUDGETS FOR THE YEAR 2005

SUBMITTED TO THE SEIMAS

The Minister of Finance Algirdas Butkevièius submitted the Draft Law on the

Approval of Financial Indicators of the State Budget and Municipal Budgets

for the Year 2005 No. IXP-3897.

It was decided to commence the procedure of consideration of the draft in the

procedure established in the Statute of the Seimas. The Committee on Budget

and Finance was appointed as the principal

committee for the examination of

the draft, all other committees were appointed

as additional. The preliminary

date of the first consideration shall be

26 October 2004*, the preliminary date

of the second consideration shall be 9

November 2004.

Algirdas Butkevièius

* The debate of the 1st draft budget took place on 26 October

as planned.

Gintaras Ðvedas

THE SEIMAS BEGAN

DELIBERATION

the year 2004, farmers will receive

twice as many direct payments.

LTL one billion 241 million, or as much

as 7.9 per cent of all the budgetary

allocations is planned in the draft of

the budget to be allocated to defence.

Taking into consideration all the obligations

assumed it is planned to

allocate 2 per cent of the Gross Domestic

Product to defence.

LTL one billion 187 million, or as much

as 7.6 per cent of the total budgetary

allocations is planned to be allocated

to public order and protection of society.

LTL 15 million is planned to be

allocated to social guarantees of the

officials working in the system of the

interior affairs that come into force

on 1 January 2005 and are provided

for in the Statute of the Interior Service,

as well as to compensate for trav-

Irena Ðiaulienë

elling expenses of the officials who

use passenger or personal transport

for the purposes of work, go to or

from the place of work. It is planned

to allocate LTL 6 million more than in

the year 2004 to acquire uniforms for

the officials working in the system of

the interior affairs.

The total amount proposed in the 2005-

2007 project for the programme of the

state’s investments for the year 2005 is

LTL 2 billion 462 million, including LTL 2

billion 280 million planned to be allocated

from the state budget, that is, LTL 513

million, or as much as 29 per cent more

than in the year 2004. From the funds

received from the European Union LTL

one billion 55 million will be allocated to

capital investments.

In 2005 LTL 307.1 million more than this

year is planned to be allocated to the

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

19 October

investment projects in the sphere of

transport and communications.

The state’s investments to implement

the investment projects in the sphere

of education, health, social security

and culture are on the increase. As

compared with the year 2004, it is proposed

to allocate more than LTL 54.3

million to the investments in these

spheres. It is forecasted that in 2005

the revenues of the municipal budgets

together with compensation of the

general subsidy to the state budget and

special programs would total LTL 4 billion

76 million. As compared with the year

2004, they would increase by as much

as 4.2 per cent or by LTL 163.7 million.

It is planned to finance the pupils’ basket

by LTL one billion 197.3 million, including

LTL 16.9 million to the increased

payment for teachers’ work to be paid

beginning with 1 September 2005.

On behalf of all Parliamentary Groups and the Mixed Parliamentary

Group, the Social Democrat Irena Ðiaulienë submitted

a Draft Law Amending the Law on Recognising

the Legal Status of Defenders of Independence and

other Persons who Became Victims as a Result of USSR

Aggression Perpetrated during 11-13 January and Subsequent

Events No. IXP-3914.

According to the explanatory note, at present the defenders

of independence of the Republic of Lithuania who have

become disabled, as well as members of their families receive

victim’s state pensions, which have not been increased

for 6 years because the base of state pensions has not

been increased since 1998. At present its size amounts to

LTL 138.

Seeking to assess the contribution made by the defenders

of the independence of the Republic of Lithuania who became

victims as a result of the USSR aggression perpetrated

during January 11-13, 1991 and subsequent events

in defending the independence of Lithuania, it is proposed

to regulate the provisions on recognising the legal status of

defenders of the independence of the Republic of Lithua-

29


Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

of the next year, like in the budget of this

year, it is proposed to plan LTL 105

million for restoring cash deposits

of the residents, with fiscal possibilities

available, this amount may be increased.

The Minister of Finance underlined that

in drawing up the budget of the following

year priority is given to the increase

in payment for work and assistance to

the family, as well as to social assistance.

First. To increase the payment for

work – LTL 109.5 million to pay salaries

to the employees of budgetary institutions,

organisations working under

the employment contract, which has

been increased since 1 May 2004, on

average 9.5 per cent. LTL 24.3 million

– to pay salaries to full-time teachers

from 1 September of the following year.

LTL 63 million – to increase salaries

of the medical personnel, also it is

planned to allocate funds for this purpose

from the income of the budget of

the Compulsory Health Insurance Fund.

LTL 7.6 million – to make salaries of

teachers of colleges equal to the salaries

of lecturers of universities of relative

qualification. About LTL 31 million is

allocated to other managers of the

allocations.

Second. The draft of the budget for

2005 provides for assistance to the family.

The amount of LTL 41 million shall be

allocated to the families raising children

from 3 to 7 years of age, a payment

of LTL 50 to each child. LTL 10 million

– seeking to compensate for the increase

in prices of diapers due to 18%

of VAT, that is, to increase the payment

upon birth of a child from LTL

750 to LTL 1000. LTL 10 million – to moth-

28

ers who gave birth and brought up 7

and more children, to pay state pensions

beginning with 1 January 2005.

LTL 2 million, that is, twice as much as

this year – to provide children of poor

and socially deprived families with

school supplies. LTL 4.5 million – to

pupils of primary schools to supply

them with dairy products free of

charge. In this way next year assistance

to the family will be increased by

as much as LTL 67 million.

Third. Social assistance. Nearly LTL 39

million is established to be allocated

to increase social payments and social

insurance with the state’s funds

due to the increase in the state social

insurance basic pension beginning

with April of this year. Out of that

amount LTL 5.8 million is allocated to

increase nursing allowances from 1

January 2005, LTL 4.2 million – to administrate

municipal social payments.

LTL 1.5 million – to the implementation

of the Law on Social Assistance to

the Individuals who became Victims

as a Result of Compulsory Military

Service in the Soviet Army and to the

Families of the Perished in this Army.

About LTL 7.5 million – to the implementation

of the Law on Social Integration

of the Disabled, to finance programmes

carried out by public organisations

of the disabled, to pay

social payments to the disabled who

do not receive other pensions. Hence,

LTL one billiard 86 million is planned in

the state budget of the following year

to be allocated to the most sensitive

sphere –social security, as compared

with the present year allocations increase

by as much as LTL 158.9 million,

or by 117.1 per cent.

It is proposed to allocate LTL 956.1

million, or as much as LTL 147.4 million

more than this year, to health

care, including allocations from the

state budget, to the budget of the

Compulsory Health Insurance Fund.

The allocations from the state budget

allocated to the budget of the Compulsory

Health Insurance Fund for

THE SEIMAS BEGAN

DELIBERATION

the persons insured with the state

funds, as compared to the present

year, increase by as much as LTL 84.1

million, or by 117.3 per cent. Allocations

per person insured with the

state funds increase accordingly

from LTL 221.4 this year to LTL 264.2

next year.

According to the Minister of Finance,

special attention, as in the

previous year, is paid to the sphere

of education. In the draft of the state

budget it is proposed to allocate LTL

1 billion 400 million, or as much as LTL

137.2 million more than this year from

the state budget to education, including

higher education schools.

To introduce payment for work of

full-time teachers, it is planned in

the draft to allocate LTL 24.3 million

from 1 September 2005. It is

planned to allocate LTL 18 million

from the state budget to pay study

contributions for the students

whose academic performance is

very good, and another LTL 2 million

is planned to be allocated to establish

student loans.

In the draft of the budget for the year

2005 it is planned to allocate over LTL

one billion 832 million, or as much as

LTL 416 million more, as compared

to the plan approved for this year, to

agriculture. Funds of assistance provided

by the European

Union to agriculture

will be on the

increase. In 2005 it is

planned to allocate LTL

783.7 million, or as

much as LTL 232.5 million

more than in the

plan of this year, to the

measures of SAPARD

programme, structural

funds, measures

of rural development and the

market from the funds of the European

Union and the budgetary funds

devoted to finance these measures.

In 2005 the amount of direct payments

to farmers will total LTL 529.5

million. In 2005, as compared with

THE SEIMAS BEGAN

DELIBERATION

According to the Minister of Finance, in

drawing up the budget of the following

year, it was sought to maintain balance

between satisfying the needs of the state

and carrying out its obligations ensuring

financial stability of the state and the

requirements laid down in the European

Stability Pact not to exceed the 3% level

of the fiscal deficit. It is forecasted that

within a medium-term time period Lithuania

can maintain the economic growth

exceeding the annual economic growth

by as much as 6%. In 2004 the growth

of the Gross Domestic Product would

account for 7%, in 2005 – for 6.5%, in

2006 – for 6.2% and in 2007 – for 6%.

The Minister of Finance underlined that

taking into consideration the valid laws

and the proposed amendments to the

Law on Taxes, in the forthcoming year

the national budget will not receive

about LTL 434 million revenue, however,

this amount will go to business and the

residents. Besides, the Government of

the Republic of Lithuania had decided

and submitted to the Seimas proposals

to change the procedure for financing

the Road Maintenance and Development

Program and from 1 January 2005

to abolish one of the sources of financing

the Road Maintenance and Development

Program, that is, deductions

from income paid by the legal entities.

Due to that the overall burden of taxes

on the latter, and at the same time the

revenues of the budget, will decrease

by about as much as LTL 230 million.

Such a loss of income had already been

foreseen in the draft of budgetary indicators

being submitted. Because of

compensations (13 per cent of VAT) for

heating and hot water supplied to residents

next year the national budget will

not receive about LTL 204 million which

will remain in the personal budgets of

residents. The residents who make use

of the income tax reliefs shall be allowed

to make deductions related to interest

paid on the credit for building or acquiring

a dwelling, to life insurance, voluntary

insurance of pensions, study

contributions, expenses on acquiring a

computer. In 2005 about LTL 97 million

will be paid back, which the residents

will be able to use for their other needs.

It is also forecasted that about LTL 27

million of the income tax paid by the

residents will be allocated to sponsorship

at the request of residents.

Having assessed the above-mentioned

losses, the national income together with

the funds from the European Union in

the draft of financial indicators being

submitted are planned to amount to LTL

15 billion 653 million, or as much as

23.7 per cent of the Gross Domestic

Product of the coming year. Main taxes,

which constitute the largest comparative

part of the revenue of the national

budget, are the value-added tax. In

2005 income from VAT will amount

to LTL 5 billion 119 million, or as

much as 11 per cent more than this

year. It is forecasted to

receive LTL 2 billion

890 million, or as

much as 14 per cent

more of personal income

tax than this year.

The excises received

will total one billion

972 million and LTL

997 million profit, or

as much as 19 per cent

more than this year.

The expenditure of the

national budget in 2005 will total LTL

17 billion 463 million, that is, LTL 2

billion 50 million more than that in

2004.

In 2005 the forecasted revenue of the

state budget together with the funds of

the European Union will constitute LTL

13 billion 850 million, or as much as

16.1 per cent more than this year. In

2005 the amount of budgetary allocations

is planned to amount to LTL 15

billion 660 million, or as much as 14 per

cent more than this year.

The Ministry of Finance drew attention

to the fact that essential changes in the

budget for 2005 were related to membership

of the Republic of Lithuania of

the European Union. It is already for a

second year that the budget had been

drawn up relating it to the budget of the

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

European Union, however, the year 2005

shall be the first year when integration

of the budgets of Lithuania and the European

Union will be carried out at the

beginning of the year, whereas this year

it has been carried out since the beginning

of the official membership – 1 May.

In the draft of the next year the forecasted

cash flows of the European

Union into the budget of Lithuania

amount to LTL 2 billion 676 million,

or even as much as 68 per cent more

than this year. Lithuania’s contributions

into the budget of the European

Union total LTL 766 million. Consolidated

flows of both budgets create real

preconditions for ensuring an effective

use of financial assistance provided by

the European Union, as well as the possibility

to allocate more funds to the state

investments. In the

draft budget for the

year 2005 LTL one billion

55 million is allocated

to capital investments

from the funds

received from the European

Union. Financing

of social and health

spheres that are especially

sensitive to society

increases significantly

in the budget

for 2005, possibilities are raised to carry

out the state’s obligations to the residents

more rapidly.

According to the Minister of Finance, in

carrying out obligations taken on by the

previous Governments, it is planned to

allocate LTL 85 million from the budget

for compensations for the land, forest,

water bodies bought by the state, that

is, as much as 2.5 times, or LTL 50 million,

more than it was approved in the

budget of this year. Also, LTL 50 million,

that is nearly twice as large the

amount as the amount that was approved

in the budget of this year, is

planned to be paid to restore the

rights of the citizens to the existing

dwellings, parts thereof, flats, as well

as to compensations to religious

communities for the immovable

property. Furthermore, in the budget

25


26

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

SCHEME OF THE PLENARY SITTINGS HALL OF THE LITHUANIAN SEIMAS

Artûras Paulauskas,

Chairman of the Seimas

EXPLANATION:

Mixed Parliamentary Group

Liberal and Centre

Parliamentary Group

Parliamentary Group of

Liberal Democrats

Lithuanian Parliamentary Mirror | No 10 (84)

Parliamentary Group of the New

Union (Social Liberals)

Labour Party Group

Parliamentary Group of the Social

Democratic Party

Parliamentary Group of the

Parliamentary Group of the Farmers’

Plenary Sittings Hall of

Homeland Union

and New Democracy Parties

the Lithuanian Seimas 27

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