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EARLY BELGIAN COLONIAL EFFORTS - The University of Texas at ...

EARLY BELGIAN COLONIAL EFFORTS - The University of Texas at ...

EARLY BELGIAN COLONIAL EFFORTS - The University of Texas at

EARLY BELGIAN COLONIAL EFFORTS: THE LONG AND FATEFUL SHADOW OF LEOPOLD I by ROBERT RAYMOND ANSIAUX Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of The University of Texas at Arlington in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT ARLINGTON December 2006

  • Page 2 and 3: Copyright © by Robert R. Ansiaux 2
  • Page 4 and 5: Bouvin and H. Elkhadem were very he
  • Page 6 and 7: the call of duty. Richard Workman a
  • Page 8 and 9: ABSTRACT EARLY BELGIAN COLONIAL EFF
  • Page 10 and 11: Imperialism in a search of analogie
  • Page 12 and 13: LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Illustration
  • Page 14 and 15: CHAPTER 1 IMPERIALISM Many of the c
  • Page 16 and 17: Western civilization and its impact
  • Page 18 and 19: esurgent empires of Portugal in Ang
  • Page 20 and 21: Santa Catarina in Brazil, and Rio N
  • Page 22 and 23: were the one by which they are gene
  • Page 24 and 25: nonexistent in English. 11 Until th
  • Page 26 and 27: vs. Palmerston: The Correspondence
  • Page 28 and 29: En Europe 1837-1845 is in French bu
  • Page 30 and 31: Belgique is an apologetic work atte
  • Page 32 and 33: the revolutions of 1848, and the ri
  • Page 34 and 35: equired to take such dramatic and f
  • Page 36 and 37: independence after the Revolution o
  • Page 38 and 39: Asia. 29 The additional benefit of
  • Page 40 and 41: The relative peace of the period of
  • Page 42 and 43: later work of his grandson, Charles
  • Page 44 and 45: The continent of Africa, parts of A
  • Page 46 and 47: the Senegal River and crossed the S
  • Page 48 and 49: greater need for civil servants, mi
  • Page 50 and 51: ecame involved in the world as a co
  • Page 52 and 53:

    judiciary, and the Catholic Church,

  • Page 54 and 55:

    as one of its more liberal concepts

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    the king is “inviolable,” howev

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    countries generally preferred deali

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    terms of industrialization and manu

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    Leopold I and II used their persona

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    It was this situation in Belgium th

  • Page 66 and 67:

    During the colonial attempt in Guat

  • Page 68 and 69:

    the Roman concept of citizenship, h

  • Page 70 and 71:

    life. They will not be addressed he

  • Page 72 and 73:

    The fourteen years 107 from 1817-18

  • Page 74 and 75:

    The nature of Leopold’s relations

  • Page 76 and 77:

    During the first half of his reign,

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    frequent, but Victoria began to sea

  • Page 80 and 81:

    and Palmerston reached a climax in

  • Page 82 and 83:

    to engineer the final end of the Be

  • Page 84 and 85:

    in 1861, Palmerston was able to exe

  • Page 86 and 87:

    if not necessarily approved, influe

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    usiness sector was shortsighted and

  • Page 90 and 91:

    CHAPTER 3 TEXAS Two different and d

  • Page 92 and 93:

    and commercial chances in that coun

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    The letter seemed to imply some typ

  • Page 96 and 97:

    It is from Pirson’s letters durin

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    (Pirson estimated between 75,000 an

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    3.1 Pirson Map 87

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    that the terms of settlement of the

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    for the English and French colonies

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    Belgium did not successfully trade

  • Page 108 and 109:

    The cultural and ethical atmosphere

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    commercial relations with the Repub

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    immigrants by de Briey, the continu

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    aware that the general well-being o

  • Page 116 and 117:

    published in November, 1842. 208 Th

  • Page 118 and 119:

    culprit in the colonial aspect of t

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    from Belgium became apparent, it sw

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    For a variety of reasons 216 the po

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    Central America known as Belize and

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    similar tropical areas of America a

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    generally solid through the 1830s,

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    company. 235 Colonel De Puydt, howe

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    The last and most important report,

  • Page 134 and 135:

    As some of the earliest settlers re

  • Page 136 and 137:

    Finally, Edouard Blondeel van Cuele

  • Page 138 and 139:

    charter could only be dissolved by

  • Page 140 and 141:

    and that the crown, and more import

  • Page 142 and 143:

    colonist was required for the agric

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    as equal to Europeans. Leopold clea

  • Page 146 and 147:

    Europe was built in Belgium. The fi

  • Page 148 and 149:

    the vision of the colony created by

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    familiarity that simply was not the

  • Page 152 and 153:

    colonization of, Brazil. The Socié

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    imperialistic in nature. 291 Leopol

  • Page 156 and 157:

    the purpose of assisting with the s

  • Page 158 and 159:

    River and planted in and along the

  • Page 160 and 161:

    part of the larger group of German

  • Page 162 and 163:

    Tomas, or Rio Nunez to Brussels. Th

  • Page 164 and 165:

    nonessentials. The state of the col

  • Page 166 and 167:

    As pointed out in the discussion on

  • Page 168 and 169:

    5.2 Map of Ilhota/Itajahi 155

  • Page 170 and 171:

    often considered a precursor of Bel

  • Page 172 and 173:

    colony to be presented to the king

  • Page 174 and 175:

    long as they acknowledged their sub

  • Page 176 and 177:

    Abraham Cohen has been rightly iden

  • Page 178 and 179:

    6.1 Map of Rio Nunez some indicatio

  • Page 180 and 181:

    those of the first treaty. Van Have

  • Page 182 and 183:

    Between 1850 and 1855 Cohen continu

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    all Negro types. One would be able

  • Page 186 and 187:

    The second report made between 1848

  • Page 188 and 189:

    men of a weak constitution should b

  • Page 190 and 191:

    the later grant by Lamina in 1848.

  • Page 192 and 193:

    mistress could not replace. 382 Alt

  • Page 194 and 195:

    of d’Hoffschmidt, Rogier, and d'H

  • Page 196 and 197:

    missions does seem, at least in par

  • Page 198 and 199:

    was to trade with the natives, not

  • Page 200 and 201:

    6.2 Map of Rio Nunez by Kerhallet 1

  • Page 202 and 203:

    Belgian maps available to van Haver

  • Page 204 and 205:

    CHAPTER 7 THE LONG AND FATEFUL SHAD

  • Page 206 and 207:

    a nation of cultural, linguistic, r

  • Page 208 and 209:

    men in Europe at that time; unencum

  • Page 210 and 211:

    Britain or Belgium. Lastly, Leopold

  • Page 212 and 213:

    investment. This also created a nee

  • Page 214 and 215:

    attitude or the impulse to advance

  • Page 216 and 217:

    significance of the maps of Santo T

  • Page 218 and 219:

    The lack of a large army and navy w

  • Page 220 and 221:

    expanded on the conditions that exi

  • Page 222 and 223:

    BIBLIOGRAPHY PRIMARY SOURCES MANUSC

  • Page 224 and 225:

    Benson, Arthur. Letters of Queen Vi

  • Page 226 and 227:

    SECONDARY SOURCES Abernethy, David

  • Page 228 and 229:

    Burton, Antoinette M. Burdens of Hi

  • Page 230 and 231:

    Dumoulin, Michel, and Els Witte. No

  • Page 232 and 233:

    Hayes, Alan Lauffer. "The Backgroun

  • Page 234 and 235:

    ________. "Un Projet de recrutement

  • Page 236 and 237:

    Pakenham, Thomas. The Scramble for

  • Page 238 and 239:

    Smith, Woodruff D. The German Colon

  • Page 240:

    BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION Dr. Robert

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