HLI Chronicle 1918 - The Royal Highland Fusiliers


HLI Chronicle 1918 - The Royal Highland Fusiliers

Fritz shelled us pretty heavily the following

day with light guns and trench mortars,

fortunately without doing much damage.

All was quiet at night when the relief took place.

It was quite a pleasant change from what we

had had to get into billets with civilians about,

also to be in a place where water a bounded.

Eight days were spent out of the line, and much

was crowded into them-bathing, swimming,

football matches, aquatic sports, combined

with training, made the time out all too short ;

and on the Sunday night the Battalion again

went into the line. This time a change in

the method of holding the line was adopted.

This relieved the monotony somewhat. Much

rain had fallen during the week we were out,

so that a deal of repairing of trenches was

required. This was attended to, and many

improvements effected. After about eighteen

days in the trenches we again came out to

billets in the same village as before, and again

enjoyed the freedom of the place. Once more

t,here was further diversion in the form of a

Regimental concert, the Divisional cinema

being reserved for the Battalion for the night.

A very enioyable and harmonious evening was

spent, and much capable talent unearthed.

After a further spell out the Battalion again

went into the trenches, and during this visit

a very fine daylight patrol was carried out by

2nd Lieut. W. Stome, Sergt. Smith, Ptes.

M'Ilheney and M'Kee. The following afternoon

the enemy t'l'enches were entered and his

dug-outs bombed and destroyed.

2nd Lieut. Storrie was awarded the D.S.O.,

Pte. M'Ilheney the D.C.:\L, and the M.M. to

Sergt. Smith and Pte. M'Kee.

On September 14th the Officers of the

Battalion had a Guest Night; a special menu

was provided, and the Divisional band discoursed

a lively programme of music. A very

enjoyable evening was spent.

Before closing thp record, mention must be

made of the ideal transport lines of the Battalion.

Being located in the one position for

a long period great pride was taken in improving

the lines. Wood and corrugated iron huts

were erected for the various crafts and stores ;

the shoemakers', harness-makers', tailors' company

and . signalling store huts were each

separated. There was also a dining hall and

sleeping quarters for the men. Extra accommodation

was available for men coming down

from the trenches to proceed on leave or

courses. All the buildings were tarred, and the

trees, posts, etc., white-washed. One feature

of ornamentation was the Regimental crest and


badge picked out in coloured stone. Captain

(now Major) Taylor, the Quartermaster, was

responsible for the carrying out of these improvements.

The lines were visited by the

Army Commander, Corps Commander, and

Divisional General, with their staffs, and great

praise was givcn t.() ih· D '.Ljion for work

carried out.

Home Notes.

SINCE the last Home Notes were written a

pleasant change has taken place in the life

of this Battalion. Although pleased to quit

our muddy and wind-swept summer camp for

town quarters, we have never considered that

scattered billets in a not too fashionable area

formed exactly an ideal home for a Reserve

Battalion; and so, when early in November

a "general post" of the Battalions in the

Brigade occurred, leaving a particularly comfortable

hutment camp vacant, our eyes

looked longingly in its direction.

It waR announced frequently, and denied

as often, that we were going there. This spice

of uncert,ainty gave additional wet to our

preparations, and so, on the principle of

possession being nine points of the law, we lost

no time in taking over. The move, in fact,

was carried out on the principles of a trench

Ielief, our Battalion marching in almost before

the outgoing one had entrained.

After the migratory existence we have led

for nearly three years, it is a great comfo.rt

to be settled in a fixed home, and we can but

hope our stay here will be limited only by the


The Regimental Institutes and Y.M.C.A.

Hut, which were in full running order for us

on our arrival, continue to enjoy their popu­

1arity and to enter as largely into the life of the


The large attendance at the numerous

concerts that have been given will, we hope,

encourage the performers to continue their

kindness in coming here to entertain us.

In the realm of sport, football holds its

ancient and undying sway, and many interesting

matches have been played.

An Inter-Company League has been formed,

and a handsome shield awaits the victors in

the struggle.

A fair amount of boxing instruction has

been given, and considerable interest evoked

in many aspirants to. distinction in the" noble

art," .


(5.) Battalion Highland Light


THE Battalion was withdrawn from the line

on 5th October after six continuous months

of strenuous trench routine, and went into

billets in a picturesque little village. No time

was lost in getting the men back again into

- condition from the usual" staleness" resulting

from a long period in the line, and intensive

training was begun.

This continued until 14th November, when

the Battalion participated in a Brigade

scheme which was witnessed by the C.-in-C.,

who expressed himself as being quite pleased

with the conduct of operations.

On 16th November we commenced the long

" trek" back to the line by march route,

halt,ing overnight in billets, and resuming the

march on night of 17th. On morning of 18th

we found ourselves in hutments, where we

remained overnight, and once more took to the

road by night, marching to a camp on the outskirts

of what was once a village.

Rere we got the first official tidings of the

masterly coup that, the day before, had left

the enemy's much vaunted Hindenburg Line

in our hands. As news of the battle's progress

kept coming in, the excitement prevailing in

the camp grew more marked, and speculll.tion

was rife as to what part the· Battalion was

destined to play in it.

The placing of the Brigade under an hour's

notice was the signal for a scene of immense

bustle and preparation. All superfluous kit

was dumped, and the Battalion stood by,

waiting for the final orders that would throw

their fine fighting qualities into the already

over-weighted British side of the scale.

It was wonderful to see them during the 24

hours preceding the move forward. Everybody

was in such high spirits. The men

stood around in groups discussing the coming

fight with much zest, or played football with

the Officers in a field close by, taking as much

interest in the game as if war was a myth.


On the 21st November the Battalion,

1eaving details behind, marched 8 miles further

up, and pitched tents at dusk, in which we

remained until 3 a.m., morning of the 23rd,

when we moved up and relieved a battalion

in the Hindenburg Support Line, becoming

Divisional Reserve to the two other Brigades

of the Division who were holding a wood

further on. That evening the Battalion was

ordered up to support one of these Brigades,

but was sent back, not being required, and

next morning was placed under orders of this

Brigade and proceeded to a village about a

mile in front of the Hindenburg Support


Here orders were received to capture the

village of B-- that same afternoon, and

Battalion once more moved forward through

intense barrages put; down by the enemy,

sustaining few casualties owing to the excellent

Artillery formation maintained.

In this manner the wood was reached, and

a halt was made prior to advancing on the

village, which lay on the other side of it. At

2.30 the move forward commenced, and at

4 p.m., after some sharp fighting, Headqua,rters

and one Company were established in the

village with the other three Companies occupying

the 4th objective-German trench in front

of village.

That night (24th-25th November) communication

was established by runners with

Brigade Headquarters, who were under the

impression that the Battalion was cut off.

Rations and ammunition w(>re also brought up

under cover of darkness-thanks to the untiring

energy of the QU::J.ltermaster, Transport

Officer, and Company Q.M. Sergeants.

On the morning of. the 25th the enemy

delivered a strong attack, which we succeeded

in beating off, our casualties being comparatively


It was now apparent that the enemy was

also in occupation of the village, and had

mounted machine-guns and snipers in many of

the houses, inflicting many casualties on the

little H.L.I. garrison.

At tnis stage an event occurred which caused

all ranks who heard of it at the time to experience

the acute pang of an irreparable 106s.



A GOOD and faithful servant of his country

for over 35 years, the death occurred recently

of Captain D. Barrie, late of the Highland

Light Infantry, and Croydon's recruiter-inchief

since war began.

The end was very sudden, and, for an Army

man, at quite untimely years, for his age was

only 53. The captain had not of late felt

quite as well as usual, but neither himself nor

friends thought anything serious was amiss.

On Monday afternoon, at his office at the

Croydon Town Hall, he had a serious seizure

of internal hemorrhage. Members of his

staff gave him all possible attention, and

medical aid was quickly obtained. About

10 p.m. he was removed in the Corporation

(Fire Brigade) Ambulance to his home at

Lynton Road, West Croydon. It was soon

apparent that little hope remained, and in a

few hours death ensued. To the widow it was

a grievous shock, and _the sorrow extends to

that wide circle of _friends to whom he was

known, and particularly to past and present

members of the recruiting staff:

Largely due, perhaps, to the sterling asset

of Scotch descent and birth, Captain Barrie

owed his success in life to real force of character.

He was a native of Dundee. At 16

years of age or thereabouts soliliering took his

fancy. He joined the Highland Light Infantry,

and ultimately reached the rank of battalion

sergeant-maJor. He sa w service in Egypt

in 1880-2, and could tell the stirring story of

Tel-el-Kebir. He received the Egyptian

Medal and the Khedival Star. Between 1884

and 1891 he was stationed in the East Indies,

and from the latter year till 1899 at Ceylon,

except for a period of fighting in the North­

West Provinces of India. He fought in the

Malakaland and Buner campaigns, when the

Tange Pass was forced, and received a further

medal. In January, 1906, the deceased retired

from the Army with the honorary rank

of lieutenant and quartermaster.

Having had recruiting experience, Captain

Barrie was asked to take up the work in

Croydon. How quickly the War Office acted

is shown in the fact that he was gazetted to

this appointment on August 5th, 1914, only

one day after the outbreak of hostilities.

No one more capable could have been chosen,

and he set about his duties with a patriotic

ardour and thoroughness that largely was

responsible, for Oroydon's high record for

voluntary enlistments.



Captain Barrie lived long enough to see his

son gazetted to the South African R.G.A.

Another son is in India serving in a transport

corps. Two married daughters survive. The

captain had two children die in India some 18

year'! ago. Their grave was recently seen

by Croydon Territorials, who placed a wreath

upon it, and sent home to the parents a photograph

of this spot of touching memory.

The funeral, which was a military one, was

attended by the Mayor and Corporation and

by a large number of military and civilian

mends,-, Croydol! News.


Wl' regret to have to announce in another

column the death fromlwounds of another of

the few remaining pre-war Regular Officers

still serving Regimentally (though with another:

unit)-Ylajor.J. R Simson.

Major Simson was the second son of the

late Mr. Robert Simson, Bengal S.C., and of

:Mrs. Simson, 10 Cluny Avenue, Edinburgh,

and was educated at Merehiston. He joined

the Regiment in May, 1900, and was superintendent

of gymnasia at Aldershot and in the

Northern Command from 1904 to 1908. From

1910 to 1913 he served in Sierra Leone with

the West African Regiment. In 1914 he was

appointed Adjutant of a rrerritorial Battalion

of the H.L.I., with whom he proceeded to

Gallipoli, and later acted as Brigade-Maj or there

and in Egypt. In 1916 he was appointed

temporary Lieut.-Colonel of a Territorial

Battalion of the KO.S.B. On April, ] 9th,

1917, while in command of this Battalion he

was severly wounded and invalided home.

Hopes were entertained of his ultimate recovery,

but he finally succumbed to the effects

of his wounds, dying in London on November

9th, 1917. Major Simson was a great athlete

and boxer. Before joining he played football

for Merchiston, the Wanderers, and the

London Scottish at Aldershot, where, with the

Regiment ill 1903, he won the champion

middle-weight boxing competition. He was

very popular with the Regiment he Commanded.

One of his Officers, writing after he

was wounded, said: " We miss him very

much; he is a fine man and a fine soldier,

and we will never get another like him. He

had endeared himself to the men by his interest

in their sports and their welfare." Major

Simson leaves a wife and infant daughter. ,


The First Seven Divisions.

LONDON'S reception to the 700 heroes of Mons

and Ypres who assembled in the City on

Saturday prior to taking part in the Albert

Hall commemoration was wonderfully enthusi­

astic. From the King and the Lord Mayor

down to the humblest office boy, the Metropolis

expressed its love and pride in no uncertain


Crowds gathered at the points of rendezvous,

and heartily cheered the men. Everywhere

flags were hung in their honour.

The Lord Mayor (Alderman C. A. Hanson),

accompanied by his Sheriffs, ent,ertained 200

at Cannon Street Hotel, and the remainder

were feted at the Merehant Taylors, the

Grocers', t.he Skinners', the Goldsmiths', and

t.h.e Cloth Workers' halls.

If any of the spectators had expected to see

most of the heroes still suffering from the effects

of wounds and worn, they were pleasantly disappointed.

These men of the First Expeditionary

"Force were splendid stalwarts--upright,

healthy, and as cheery and optimistic as

the fittest troops who have followed their

lead. Many of the men were in civilian

clothes, and only a few of the 700 bore visible

signs of having been wounded. Staff Officers

were among the guests, who represented all

but five of the Regiments which formed the

first seven Divisions of the 1914 Force.

Among the guests at the Cannon Street

Hotel were Brig.-Gen. M. N. Turner, C.B.

(1st Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry),

Brig.-Gen. J. M. Gloster, C.M.G. (1st Devons),

and Brig.-Gen. A. A. Wolfe Mmray, C.B ..

(Highland Light Infantry).

The Lord Mayor pledged the health of the

surviving officers and men of the first Seven

Divisions. He said that the privilege to entertain

them was the greatest honour of his life.

In the name of London he offered them an

expresl'Iion of hearty, gincere, and unbounded

gratitude for the services they had rendered to

the nation and the Empire. By the demonstra­

tion which would follow they would see how

wide and unperishable this gratitude was.

Brig.-Gen. M. N. Turner, C.B., said that

every man among them would continue to

do his duty. (Cheers.)

Apparently there were many more survivors

of )'[ons and the first Battle of Ypres anxiolls

to attend than the promoters calculated.

The survivors still in khaki seem to have been

invited with only a few exceptions, but a score

or two of discharged men, who are out of the

Army through serious wounds caused at the

very beginning of the war, did not receive

invitations. These men, to say the least, were

disappointed, but on presenting their discharges,

most, if not all, were admitted to the



The journey to the Albert Hall was a

triumphal progress. Over 200 motor cars

were requisitioned for the conveyance of the

men, the string of vehicles reaching from

Blackfriars Bridge to Cleopatra's Needle.

Several thousands of people assembled on

the Embankment to give the men a rousing

reception. Parties of soldiers amused themselves-and

the crowd-by buying up the

stocks of souvenirs of women hawkers and

bedecking themselve:J with flags and rosettes.

One party of silver-badged men who were

included in the 700 survivors linked arms with

a group of khaki-clad men, and led a vocal

chorus, while from a motor bus full of men in

hospital blue came the strains of " Blighty is

the place for me."

The scenes were not all gay, however.

)lany women, whose dress told the tale of lost

ones in the war, sobbed bitterly.

Officers and men of all ranks, as well as

silver-badged men, and those who have been

wounded recently and are now convalescent,

occupied the cars. When the cars were drawn

up in line a succession of blasts on the motor

horns of the leaders signalised the commencement

of the journey to Albert Hall. Cheers

were raised, and the buses containing the men

still in hospital blues were accorded special

attention.--" Scotsman," 17th Dec., 1917.


A..-Corp!. A. Livingstone, 017 7

Pte. D. M'Callum, •• 075

Lance-Co;r,l. W. M'Cann, .. 5 13 7

Pte. J. M Gum (alias M'Gwyn), 51510

Pte. J. M'Keller, 033

Pte. A. M'Leod (alias Miller), o 4 7

Pte. J. Marsden, 2 6 8

Pte. J. Megahy (attaohed R. Soots), 1 9 2

Pte. H. O'DonneU, .. . . . . 476

Pte. G. Patterson, .• 2 910

Pte. M. Reid, 013 5

Lance.Corpl. J. Rodgers, 5618 2

Pte. D. Scott, •. 356

Pte. W. Steell, 2 12 0

Pte. J. Sutherland, .. 365

A.·Corpl. D. Watson, 958

Lance·Corpl. H. Watt, 094

Pte. W. Wilson, .. o 14 3


Effects, 1915-16.

Pte. J. Campbell, £1 16 9

Pte. J. Kellacher, 7 2 3

Pte. F. Lee, .• 098

Pte. W. Lewis, 7 2 5

Pte. P. Murray, 532

Pte. J. Sullivan, 223

Pte. D. M'E, Wilson, 01910


Effects, 1914·15.

A.·Sergt. M. Armour, •• £3 14 4




Effects, 1916-17.


2nd Lieut. W. J. Aitchison, £4910 8

Lieut. J. B. Beveridge, 87 14 3

Lieut. J. G. Diokson, 92 13 5

2nd Lieut. F. R. Jones, 61 6 7

Lieut. E. B. Maule (attaohed R.F.C.), 156 4 2

Lieut. F. G. Tinn, •. .. 71 7 0

Lance-Sergt. T. AIlison, 939

Pte. W. Guyte. 966

Pte. C. A. M'Callum, 1 19 4

Pte. D. M'Gregor, .. 11 8 6

Pte. G. M'Kay, .. 586

Pte. W. M'Laughlin, 010 4

Corp!. J. Porteous, ., 5 1 9

Pte. H. Thomson, 203

Pte. W. Waokett, 1 10 0


Effects, 1915·16.

Lieut. W. W. Colquhoun, £89 6 11

Captain G. Morton, .• 64 17 6

Lieut. M. 8haw, 4913 0

Pte. T. O. Blaokie, .. 11 7 5

Pte. W. Henry, 011 8

Pte. D. Rosa, o 11 9

A.-CorpI. H. C. White, 010 9

Pte. J. Briggs,

Pte. J. Cullen,

Pte. J. Sands,

Pte. C. Soott,


Effects, 1914·15.



Effects, 1916·17.

Pte. E. H. Hall, .. £3311

A.-Sergt. J. F. Kane,

15 6

Pte. A. W. Kest1e,

3 2

Pte. T. Laidlaw, .. 24 7

Pte. H. Young, 612


Effects, 1915·16.

Pte. J Black, £1 15 9

Pte. R. Clark, 310 4

Pte. F. Orr, •• 16 1 2

Honours and Awards.


2nd Lieut ..William Storria, Special ReAerve.


Temp. Captain John Alexander Campbell.

Temp. 2nd Lieut. James M'Lellan.

Tamp. Captain William Alexander Murray.

2nd Lieut. John Manners Summers.


Granted 2nd Bar.-12460 Pte. J. M'Lellan (Mother.

well). Medal, June 18, 1917; 1st Bal', July 9, 191'7.

Granted Ist Bar.-17833 Sergt. G. M. Henry (Clyde.

bankl. Medal, June 18, 1917.

Granted hIedal.

40231 Scrgt. D. C. Armour (Glasgow).

41851 Sergt. T. P. Brown (Selkirk).

41765 Pte. (L.·Corpl.) J. Campbell (Ayr).

17189 Pte. J. M. Cufiles (Airdrie).

42454 Corp!. W. Dingwall (Glasgow).

18061 Pte. H. Eddowes (Swinton).

32490 Pte. J. Rarvey (Darvel).

43140 Pte. (L.·Corpl.) W. Jaok (St. Andrews).

21634 Sergt. J. Maxwell (Dumfries).

19525 Pte. W. M'Cast (Bellehill).

A/8332 Pte. J. M'Koe (Coatbridge).

41629 Pte. J. Morrison (Kilme.mook).

22264 Corpl. D. O'Hea (Londonderry).

11960 Sergt. J. G. Smith (Glasgow).

8629 Corpl. J. Stewart (Dundee).

25137 Pte. R. Wilson (Glasgow).

-London Gazette, 18th Oot., 191'7.


'Home News.

AT the beginning of winter, shortly after our

arrival in our new camp, when the various

means of entertaining the men in the Battalion

were being considered, the idea originated

among certain of the Officers of producing

a pantomime in the Regimental theatre.

Considerable enthusiasm and promises of

assistance for the scheme were at once forthcoming;

and the necessary permission having

been obtamed; Lieut. J. R. Young and Lieut;

A. OathcartBru.ce undertook the talk of writing .

and producing a pantomime entitled "Dick·

Whittington." A committee was appointed,

and the various duties of management

3811igned. The cast-male and female characters

alike-was drawn from all ranks, and

so admirably did they exert themselves under.

the able supervision of Lieut. YOUllg and

Lieut. Bruce that early in January everything

was in readiness for the final rehearsals.

It was now that the labours of other enthusiasts

became apparent-of Mrs. Odell and

friends in the dresses for the various performers;

of Bandmaster H. Stockey in the

musical numbers for the piece; and of Sergt.

A. H. M'Leod and L.-Corpl. A. Hood in the

sphere of scene painting.· The efforts of all

these, and of the cast itself, resulted in the

production of a very successful pantomime

running for five nights; whilst the activity

of the committee of management met with its

reward in finding itself empowered to place

on deposit receipt the handsome sum of

£30 12s. to the credit of the fund for providing

comforts for the Regular and Service Battalions

of the H.L.!. The heartiest thanks of

the Regiment and of its many friends are due

to all who assisted at the production of this

successful entertainment, both for the hearty

enjoyment they afforded and for their substantial

donation to a very deserving fund.

A word of special thanks is due to Lieut. A.

Cahcart Bruce, who, deprived early of the

able assistance of Lieut. J. R. Young, through

the latter being called away for service overseas,

resolutely carried on the work of production

to a successful finish. It is the earnest

desire of all who witnessed this excellent

pantomime that the precedent established

will lead to further similar enterprises.

[An account of the performance from the

pen . of another correspondent appeared in

the last number of the" Chronicle."-EDITOR.]

The last issue of the "Chronicle" left this

Battalion newly settled in a comfortable

hutment camp, and earnestly desirous of

being left there. Fortunately, there is every

prospect of this being so; but after our experiences

as a mobile unit there is perhaps

much excuse for us, on the word "Move,"

fervently touching wood. Rumour has it

that the strains of a once popular pantomime

ditty referring to the unwillingness of someone

to leave his wooden hut may be frequently

heard being warbled in the vicinity of the

Quartermaster's stores, but for this we cannot


The main work of the Battalion has been

running along on the lines familiar to anyone

acquainted with the life of a Reserve Battalion,

and that work is, above all things, the

production of well-trained drafts. Not infrequently

during the last few months has the

skirl of the pipes been heard on the short road

leading from tlie camp to the station; a road

that to others is much like any other road,



but which to the draft marks the first and evermemorable

phase of their long journey to

join their comrades overseas. Our hearty

wishes for best luck go with them.

If variety were the chief end of man as

regards weather, we should consider ourselves

blest. In one single season of the year we

have experienced weather characteristic of

all four. Were we in "civies" we should

invariably carry an umbrella. One particular

outbreak of weather succeeded in uprooting

what appeared to be a very sound tree;

luckily no one was around at the time. This

tree is gradually undergoing a process of

disintegration, which may result in its final

disappearance from our midst, but possibly

not, as the warmer weather is coming.

The Sports Committee of the Battalion

have succeeded in arousing a greater degree

of interest among the Companies in various

branches of sport. There is keen rivalry for

the possession of the Football Shield, "D"

and "L" Companies being particularly hot

on the scent. Several rugger matches have

been played within and outside of the

Battalion, one game in particular-between

the Officers and HA" Company-resulting in

a narrow win for the former, evoking great

enthusiasm. Inter-Company hockey matches,

shooting competitions, cross-country runs,

and boxing contests make one think these

days of the Company one belongs to.

It is with unqualified pleasure that we note

a new and welcome feature in our camp life-the

presence of several members of the

W.A.A.C. In addition to performing many

and varied duties that previously engaged the

services of several men, they have contributed

largely to the brightness and variety of our

camp life. The prompt and efficient manner

in which they settled down to their work

amongst us is worthy of all praise.

\Vhilst we are fully alive to the milita.ry

side of the war, we are not oblivious of its other

aspects, and in the matter of food supply the

little that we can do is being done. The

numerous allotments in the camp are being

fully exploited to ensure a maximum production,

and the labour and science being

expended now should shortly bring its reward.

To say that we are all looking forward to the

sll-mmer would be to utter a platitude; but

with so many fields, trees, and feathered

songsters around us, perhaps we long more

thim others for the warm sunshine to awaken

the landscape to its full beauty. Perchance

the thought of early morning parades restrains

)1.,.101\ (T./LIEUT"COL.) S. ACKLOM, D.S.O., M.C.

(Killed in Action.)


(M" ;Of" l,lI ), killed.)


200328 C.S.M. J .•J. Twentyman, H.L.L (Wigton).

-For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty.

During an attack launched by his Compa.ny against

a strong enemy position he,although wounded in the

leg, refused to be evacuated, but continued to lead

and encourage his men in the. advance at a most critical

juncture. His endurance and devotion to duty were

most marked ..

. WAR OFFIOE, 5th July.-With reference to the awards

conferred as announced in the Lmulon Gazette dated

4th February, 1918, the following are the statements

of service for which the decorations were eonferred :­


T./2nd I,ieut. J. M'Kinlay Black, H.L;I.-For

eonspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He

maintained communication with the front line Com­

. panies, which were almost isolated on the far side of a

village full of enemy machine guns and snipers•.He

twice led parties through with rations, stores, and

stretcher-bearers. showing great determiIll\tion and


T.fLieut. (A./Capt.) A. B. Burton, H.L.L-For

conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. During

an enemy attack he was ordered to occupy an important

tactical position. In spite of heavy fire from

machine guns at a range of 50 yards, he led his Company

to the position, and held it with the greatest

skill and determination.

Qrmr. and Hon. Lieut. J. Dicks, H.L.I.-For con·

spicuous gallautry and devotion to duty in searching

for, and eventually finding, Battalion headquarters

during operations and delivering rations complete.

But for his untiring energy the convoy could not

have got through, as there was a constant artillery

bombardment of all roads to Battalion headquarters.

He led a ration eonvoy forward under intense fire

during an engagement, and delivered rations to the

Battalion in the line under most difticult conditions.

It was entirely due to his energy and determination

that the rations were delivered.

Lieut. G. L. Dickson, H.LL-For conspicuous

gallantry and devotion to duty. He was with a party

on the right of his Company, and succeeded in pre.

venting the enemy from working round his flank and

rear, and rejoined his Company without loss. He

made a most gallant attempt with twenty men to reach

three Companies who were isolated, but was foreed

to abandon the attempt owing to an intense hostile


T.fLieut. E. J. T. Thomspon, H.L.I.-For eonspicuous

gallantry and devotion to duty when in

charge of transport. Though the mutes broke away

several times he collected them, and eventuallv reached

Battalion headquarters with the whole. of his eonvoy.

He immediately returned to an ammunition dump two

miles away and brought his convoy through again with

ammunition which saved the situation at a very critical

period. He was continuously under fire for tf'n hours.

Lieut. (T./Captain) J. G. B. Walker, H.L.I.­

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He

formed a defensive flank, and by superior Lewis gun

and rifle fire beat oft an enemy attack. His personal

gallantry in directing operations on a road swept by

)llaChine gun fire inspired his men, and saved a critical



Sm D. HAW FOR PERIOD. SEl".I)EMBER 25, 1917,

TO FEBRUARY 24, 1918.-J;onao1l< Gazette, May 20,



Major (T. Lieut.·Colonel) E. Armstrong, D.S.O.

Captain F. Beattie.

Major (T. Lieut.-Colonel) T. A. Pollok-Morrls.

Major and BI'.Lieut.·Colonel tT. Lieut.-Colonel)

H. T. C. Singleton, D.S.O.


Major (T. Lieut.-Colonel) S. Acklom, D.S.O., M.C•

. 2nd Lieut. (Acting Captain) F. Campbell.

Qr. and Hon. Captain T. Carpenter.

T. Major G. M. Ueghorn.

Major J. F. Daly.

T: Major J. H. Foster.

Captain A. Frew.

Q.M. and Hon. Lieut. R. J. Hegerty.

Major (Acting Lieut.·Colonel) J. Inglis.

Lieut. (T. Captain) J. Johnston.

Captain E. M. Leith, M.C.

Lieut. (Acting Captsin)P. F. Leith.

Captain W. Lilbum. . .

T. Lieut. (Acting Captain) W. F. M. Macara.

Lieut. P. A. Moodie.

C41ptain (Acting Lieut.-Colonel) D_ M. Murtay-Lyon,

D.S.O., M.C.

Lieut. (Acting Captain) R. C. Reid.

Captain H. Ross-Skinner, D.S.O., M.C.

Major (Acting Lieut.-Colonel) W. H. E. Scgrave,


Q.M. and Hon. Captain R. Simpson.

T. 2nd Lieut. R. }I. Smith.

Major (T. Lieut.·CoIonel) F. S. Thackeray, D.S.O ••


Lieut. A. F. A. Whitfield.

17176 Scrgt. T. Amit.

28863 L. -Sergt. B. Denning.

4483 Sergt. T. Gibson.

15288 S(.rgt. (Acting C.S.}!.) A. A. Gillespie.

9164 C.Q.M.S. E. W. Harper.

30689 Pte. (Acting L.-Corpl.) A. Hendel'SOn (died of

wounds). .

244 C.Q.M.S. F. Hendrie;

14227 L.-Corpl. E. G. 1I1'Ewan.

43512 Sergt. W. Marshal!.

332125 Corp!. (Acting Sergt.) A. Pnrter_

J3309 Sergt. J. Rennie.


Major (T. Lieut.·Colonel) E. Armstrong. D.S.O.


Major (T. Lieut.-Colonel) .T. A. Pollok-Morrh.

Captain F. &attic.

Captain W. Lil bum.



Major (T. Lieut.-Colonel) S. Acklom, D.S.O., M.C.

at point-blank range the success of the

tanks was of a very local nature.

Evening came on. The troops on our

flank gave. There was nothing for it. The

order to retire was given. Even as it was,

one half-company with their officers were

surrounded and made prisoners before they

could retire.

I don't suppose there ever has been a

forced retirement yet in which the troops

have not got broken up and been very difficult

to collect. N or was this an exception.

Eventually, however, the Battalion was

collected together, and units of the Brigade

were given L-- T-- as a rendezvous.

By now officers and men were thoroughly

exhausted, so a little sleep was snatched

just as we were and in the field where we

were. Thus ended Palm Sunday-the most

eventful Palm Sunday ever passed by those

who were left to tell the tale.

Then came the order to get ready to march,

and as a Brigade we marched down the

main B-- road to the G-- line, which

we reached in the early morning. But evening

found the Battalion back in the line of the

River A--, not that there had been any

fighting to-day, but the conformity of the

line with the right and left was necessary,

otherwise the Boche would have been behind

us. And that was how we sadly trekked

across the Somme battlefields, so different

now from what they had been.

On the 26th of March the old British Line

had been reoccupied, and was being held.

The constant strain of .these past few days

had been very great, and we were all in a

very exhausted condition, but to-dav was a

critical one. The Germans were preparing

to attack in strength, and orders were to

hold the old British Line to the last. One

could see the German troops pouring round

on our left, but we were ready· for an allround

defence which, by kind fate, was not

required. The New Zealand Corps had

just arrived fresh, and counter-attacked with

great success. They relieved us that night

and we withdrew to It night's rest in M--­

M--. The following day we went back

into the line in relief of another Battalion

of another Division at M--, and held the

line for three more days. The enemy advance

had now been finally stopped. On April 4

we began marching back to billets in Reserve,

and were pretty well marching every day

for about ten days. The marches were,

however, short, and perhaps the best thing



the Battalion could have had. These journeys

through quiet and beautiful villages had a

very good moral effect. Eventually on 13th

April the Battalion took over a new sector

of the line, and held that sector uneventfully

until 12th May, when we came back into

Divisional Rest and had a most enjoyable

time. An article on the Battalion Sports

during that period out appeared in the last

number of the" Chronicle." .

All are in good heart, and at the

time of writing the Battalion is well up to

strength both in officers and other ranks.

Home Notes.

SINCE the last news of this Battalion appeared

in the "Chronicle" many things have


To start with, the fortnightly sports were

carried through and proved a huge success.

The termination of these sports was a most

exciting event. "F" and "G" Companies

tied, with the same number of points, for

first place; but they had yet to pull off the

tug-of-war tie. As far as these two Companies

were concerned, everything depended on this

pull. It was a beautiful afternoon when t.he

whole battalion turned out to see the deciding

event. At first it looked as if " F " Company

would win, but after a great pull of over five·

minutes "G" Company's team got their

opponents .on the run and proyed themselves

splendid winners, and thereby winning the

cup for their Company. The recruits, who are

mostly of good material, took a very active

part in these sports, and were very keen to

do their bit for their Company, thus showing

an exeellent spirit.

On the 31st August there was a great sports

day at the camp. The events were open to all

comers, but the competitors from the Battalion

were so well trained that only one or two

events went to outsiders. When the first item

on the programme was due the rain came down

in buckets, but it only lasted for twenty

minutes, al!d soon cleared IIp into a beautiful

afternoon. There were many close finishes,

and the times and distances of the various

events were very good. The Battalion tug-ofwar

team had some stiff opposition, but were

able to pull everything with them owing to

their excellent coaching. During the aft.ernoon

tea was served to the visitors in the

Officers' and Sergeants' messes.

of concealed machine guns the troops forged

on, irresistible and conquering, into the outskirts

and then into tM heart of Ayette.

Enemy thQy encountered in great numbers,

and, fired with enthusiasm not only by the

fight, but also, no doubt, by the demonstration

they assuredly got that man-to-man they were

far superior to their opponents, our men

gathered in the Germans in batches and

dispatched them back to Battalion headquarters

in large groups guarded by comically

feeble escorts. The cellars and shelters in

the village, of course, afforded excellent funk­

'holes for the demoralised Huns, and a profitable

time (extending well into the day) was

spent in clearing these hiding-places of their

unhappy inhabitants.

Finally we pushed right through to the

far side of the village and established our front

line on a sunken road which happens, very

usefully, to be situated there. It formed an

admirable nucleus for a defensive position.

Unfortunately, though, we were not linked up

on the left. The flank, to use a very descriptive

term much in vogue in military circles

nowadays, was" in the air." Certain circumstances

had caused the attack to be less

successful on the left than in the centre and

the right, and there was quite an important

area in which the Hun still remained. This

provided "A" Company with its opportunity

to participate in the honours of the day. It

was entrusted with the task of clearing that

area-" mopping it up," to use another

excellent and popular phrase. This was no

trivial undertaking, for by this time the

friendly darkness had given way to the dawn,

and the troops had not the assistance of a

barrage as had their comrades of the other

Companies. But they successfully swept the

area clear, drove the enemy from part of the

sunken road, and" joined up" with the men

00 their right and left. Thus was completed

the capture of the village of Ayette.

Little surprise will be occasioned by the

statement that as a result of their wonderful

effort' the men of the Battalion "had their

tails up," as one Officer very pithily phrased

it, and little encouragement would have been

required in leading them to further exploitation

of their success, had that been wise.

And they spent a memorable day, in spite

of the constant prospect of a counter-attack.

At one point some Lewis-gunners, for a

glorious hour, revelled in "potting" Boche

attempting to cross a road. Other men

indulged in, and no doubt enjoyed, a meal of



captured German bread, or puffed luxuriously

at cigars left behind, perhaps by some fortunate

enemy officer affluent enough to

provide himself with such solaces. Shelters

and dug-outs were places of interest--and

sources of "souvenirs "-while an opportunity

was seized to send across to Fritz some

of his own ammunition through his own rifle.

All this made the day of the capture of Ayette

an absorbingly interesting occasion.

But of rather greater consequence than these

little episodes were the actual results of the

attack. Ayette, as we know, was duly taken,

but the captures did not end with that.

Machine-guns were gathered in to the number

of over a dozen, while the prisoners totalled

no fewer than the astounding figure of 193or

practically five times the number of Boche

supposed to have been in the village! Moreover,

among this numeroUs body were the

Battalion Commander, a brace of Company

Commanders, and the Adjutant of the unfortunate

Hun Battalion which had sustained

so crushing a reverse.

Unhappily we had to pay the inevitable toll

for our success in a roll of casualties which,

while by no means excessive for the project

undertaken, robbed us of valued comrades.

Two Company Commanders and one .other

Officer gave their lives, and several were

wounded, while the rank and file casualties

totalled well towards a hundred.

Not for long was the Battalion left in doubt

as to the precise importance placed by the

higher authorities on their achievement, for

telegrams and other messages of congratulation

poured in from all directions, and from distinguished

Officers from the Army Commander

downwards. Particularly pleasing to us was

a message from the Belgian Battalion which

had relieved us in the Houthoulst area.

Later there came further evidence of the

satisfaction with which the victory was

regarded, in the number of decorations that

were bestowed. The Distinguished Service

Order was conferred on the Commanding

Officer and the Second-in-Command, and

Military Crosses were awarded to the Oommanders

of "A" and" B " Companies, and to

five other Officers. Among the rank and file

the decorations numbered six D.O.M.'s, one

.bar to the Military Medal, and 26 Military

Medals-a total indicative not merely of the

general success of the enterprise, but of the

numerical greatness of the acts of individual

gallantry that the troops so splendidly performed.

Although one of the German doctors got

the Iron Cross for the way in which he had

combated with the disease, the nearest this

doctor was ever to the camp during the

epidemic was the outside wires, and no one

could speak to him unless they stood 20 yards

from him. So much for Iron Crosses. Others

have been known to receive it for good work

in the prisoners' cook-house.

When we refer to those times we always

refer to them as the" hard times," and hard

times they were. For over six months we

were not allowed to write home, and, of course,

the majority of us were thought dead. In

June we received our first parcels from home.

Didn't they come as a Godsend 1 When we

opened it and saw the contents, and after

being practically without food for so long,

we thought we would never be able to eat all

the contents during our stay in the country;

but we ate that and many others during our

stay there. One of the things which we prized

more than any other was the soap-a thing

which we had begun to think never existedof

course, not forgetting the cigarettes and

tobacco. It was amusing to see the effects of

an English cigarette after being so long without

them. The first draw brought a smile and

the exclamation, "Fine!" The second

draw, and the knees began to shake, and

before the cigarette was half finished the

smoker had to sit down; but even then they

would not give in. After this our parcels

came fairly regular, sometimes two and three

a week. Great credit is due to the ladies who

supplied them and who looked after our men

in Germany, for if it had not been for their

many kindnesses very few would have been

left to tell the tale to-day. They would have

paid the penalty of being forced to partake

of German hospitality.

Another fine example of German kulture

was given when they asked the N.C.'s to

volunteer for work. When we explained that

it would be contrary to the interests of our

country to work for the Germans, and we

could not volunteer, " although it would have

been more beneficent to our health." Well,

they told us if we did not volunteer they

would punish us. Eighteen of us held out, and

told them that the American Ambassador­

Judge Gerrard, the man who had proved such

a good friend to the prisoners in Wittenberg,·

for it was through him that many of the worst

cases of ill-treatment had been brought to

light-had informed us that by an agreement



between the two Governments full ranks

could not be forced to work. Well, so much

for how Germans treated reements. They

soon altered them to suit Ives. They

put the 18 N.C.O.'s who refused to volunteer

in a separate room from the others, and

made them sleep on the floor, and forced us

out in all sorts of weather for six hours' exercise

per day. I had been put in charge of

this party, so with another Sergeant and a

Corporal we went to the Company Officer

and asked to see the Commandant, to ask

if we were being punished for refusing to volunteer

for work; !lnd, if so, could we write to

the American Ambassador and have our case

explained. Well, as soon as he saw our faces

it was like showing a red rag to a bull, for he

immediately ordered us to be taken back to

the company without hearing our explanation.

The following morning we were paraded in

front of the remainder of the company and

told we three had each been awarded five

days' cells for refusing to work. We finished

our cells on bread and water, and when coming

out we snatched the copy of our charge from

off the cell door. This had the signature of

the Camp Commandant and the Company

Officer appended. Well, curious to say, thi"l

document found its way into the hands 01

my people at home about three months later.

The Germans would have liked to know how

that happened. It cannot be explained,

because some one else might want to get something

through in the same way. Three days

after we came out of cells we were sent for

again and told that we were to be tried for

trying to get other N.C.O.'s from volunteering

for work. Well, we were taken in front of a

magistrate several times, and all evidence was

taken, we refusing to say anything. They

wanted us to sign papers. Of course everything

was written in German. When we refused

to sign we heard some choice language concerning

the Englander. When the final day

came, after all the Germans had given their

evidence, we asked to draw their attention

to the fact that the day on which this was

supposed to have happened was one of the

days in which we were in cells. Well, picture

their faces when they were told this. We had

known this all along, but if we had spoken

before the final day they would have altered

the date; of course it was too late then.

Well they did not like to let us off, so they

told us that if we were brought up again on

any charge this one would also be added and,

of course, the date would be changed. One


day shortly after the Captain of the Company

came into our room. \Vhen he saw us, he

came over and said-" Do you think if you

had seen the American Ambassador that he

would have made the German Government

do what he wanted 1" I replied-" No! but

he would inform the British Government, and

they could." He did not seem at all pleased

at this. Another thing which did not please

him was the motto of the eighteen, which we

had hung up in the room-" Wait patiently,

hope confidently, and do valiantly." He always

passed this with a scowl.

This is only one of the many cases like this

which happened in camp; in fact, you could

fill a book twice the size of the Bible with such

happenings. They also forced the N.C.O.'s

to work in the fields near the camp, asking

them every day if they would volunteer to

work; but I'm proud to say all eighteen

proved themselves true Britishers and stuck

to their guns. Before long the Germans found

it was more beneficial to the welfare of the

crops to keep those N.C.O.'s inside, for they

destroyed everything which they made them

do, so at the finish they left us severely alone.

On the 27th September, 1916, they transferred

us to another camp--"Alter Grabow."

This camp was much better situated than

Wittenberg, and we had a fairly large place

for walking; but as we often said, it was not

the country we were in that was bad, it was

. the people who were in it, for they still continued

to try and force the N.C.O.'s out to

work here also. In July, 1917, the news

filtered through about the English and German

Governments trying to negotiate for an

exchange of prisoners. Well, you can picture

how we all welcomed this news, for we were all

thoroughly fed up with Germany and the

Germans. The only things from which we

ever received any good there were our

letters and parcels which came from" Good

old Blighty"; and I may mention again

that we will never be able to thank the ladies

of the Regiment, and those who assisted them,

for what they did for us, and I am sure every

one will side with me when I say that it was

through them and our own relatives at home

that anyone of us is alive to tell the tale to-day.

The first party left for Holland on Ohristmas

day. Just try and think what everyone felt,

the majority of us having been over three

years in captivity, and now came the chance

of getting free again. We watched for news

daily for the time when it would come our

turn. Well, the day at last arrived; the 19th

March, 1918, exact very nearly to an hour

three years and three months from the date

of our capture. The only thing that spoiled

our happiness of thoughts of getting to a

neutral country was the thought of having

to leave so many of our own men behind in the

hands of the Germans-men who had been

through the hard times with you; and they

must have felt it much harder, but they bore

it with a smiling face. Well we crossed the

frontier on the morning of the 19th Marcha

day never to be forgotten by those who were

lucky enough to get released from captivity.

When we arrived at Vento, the first Dutch town

across the frontier, one could feel that it was

pure air you were breathing. We were received

there by representatives of the Dutch Red

Cross, who entertained us splendidly. From

there we entrained for Scheveninger, arriving

there about 9 p.m. On coming from the

station we found the streets lined by the civil

population and our comrades who had left

Germany by the first parties. We were then

taken to a large hall, and there had the King

and Queen's welcome speech read to us by the

British Ambassador. There were also many

representatives of the Dutch authorities, who

gave us a right royal welcome. One cannot

describe what one felt on this occasion. When

this was over they tpok us to the Hotel des

Galeries, the place where we were to reside

until we were transferred to our billets. Here

they gave us a splendid dinner, but the

majority were too full for words. Then we

were shown to our room, and this, after what

we had been used to in Germany-well,

Paradise is not a good enough name for it.

I do not think enough can be said in praise of

the way in which we were entertained; by

the way we were received and entertained

by the English and Dutch authorities on our

arrival here, and deserve great credit for the

way in which everything was arranged; and

it is only those who partook of their hospitality

who could thoroughly appreciate the

splendid way in which it was carried out.

In the near future I will try and give you a

short account of my life in Holland.


Se'rgeant, H.L.I.

A MOST appropriate toast, suggested for

use in the Sergeants' Mess of a certain Special

Reserve Battalion not manv miles from

Edinburgh :- .

" Here's to our wives and sweethearts-may

they never meet."


THE prisoners of our 1st and 2nd BattalioIl..'l

Highland Light Infantry are still being well

oared for by l\irs. Lilburn, who has their interests

greatly at heart, and to whom many of

these man send grateful thanks, thus showing

how they appreoiate her kindness. One man

was so delighted with his parcels that he wrote

to his home saying that "his parcels were

the best that arrived in his camp."

Mrs. Lilburn has organised her packing

depot very well. One wonders if the public

generally ever think what is done for our

prisoners, or how it is done. There are 170

prisoners oared for at 272 Bath Street, and

three splendid parcels, each weighing eleven

pounds, are sent to eaoh man per fortnight,

which, roughly speaking, means that one

parcel lasts for four days. Mrs. Lilburn has

decided to continue to send six l1-lb. parcels

in the four weeks inst.ead of the four 15-lb.

ones sent by some Care Committees, as she

feels that the men would rather have smaller

parcels and more of them. Bread is also sent

them in the winter from Copenhagen or

Berne, and biscuits during the hot weather.

In the monotonous life some of them live, the

arrival of the parcels from home mean so muoh,

and really does not entail much more labour

at home. One must not run away with the

idea that these food parcels oontain extra

comforts, and that our prisoners are well off.

These parcels, in reality, contain the sheer

necessities of life, which they can only get from

home. We, who are safe and live at home in

comfort-thanks to their courage-should

deem it a privilege to be allowed in this way

to try repay them for all they have done for

us. When we think of what our prisoners

have to endure, not only inhuman treatment

but insufficient and unpalatable food, we can

well imagine how eagerly they look forward to

the arrival of their parcels, which keep them

from actual starvation. There, again, Mrs.

Lilburn's consideration for the men under

her care is shewn. Men she knows are in hospital

or in a weak state of health have parcels

specially packed for them containing tempting

and nourishing articles of food. These men

are known in the Depot as the" Invalids."

All preferences are carefully noted, and

whenever possible the men get what they like

most; for instance, some prefer cigarettes,

others tobacco. Other likes and dislikes are

noted, and no man has anything sent to him



which he says he dislikes. :\:lany people have

" adopted" prisoners; others, again, elect

to send say, one, two, or three parcels per

month to a prisoner. Every prisoner knows

who has sent him his parcel, as in each box an

aoknowledgment card is enclosed bearing on

one side a list of the contents of the parcels,

and on the other, at the right hand side, the

prisoner's name and address, and on the lefthand

side the name of the adopter, c/o The

H.L.1. Committee, 272 Bath Street. When

these post-cards are returned to 272 Bath

Street any notes of likes or dislikes or change

of address is noted, and the date the postcard

is received recorded in the ledger against

the date when the parcel was sent. These postcards

are then forwarded to the donor of the


Details of sample parcels are appended.

There are still nine H.L.I. prisoners in

Turkey. Mrs. Lilburn has parcels despatched

regularly to these men from the Central

Prisoners of War Committee, who now pack

all parcels for prisoners in Turkey.

Needless to say, funds are urgently required

to carry on this magnificent work and to meet

the increased expenditure (more than double)

owing to the rise in prices of all commodities.

Donations (however small) will be gratefully

received by Mrs. Lilburn at 272 Bath Street,


Preparations are now being made by Mrs.

Lilburn to send all the men a special Christmas

parcel, which will include a plum pudding,

specially prepared for them by the Central

Prisoners. of War Committee, and other

Christmas fare.


No. 1. No. 2. No. 3.

Quaker oats. Corned beef. Cigarettes.

Biscuits. Pate. Soap.

Tea. Haggis. Mustard and

Cigarettes. Fish. pepper.

Dripping. Biscuits. Pate.

Salmon. Sugar. Ex-ox.

Sardines. Coffee. Milk.

Sausages. Milk. Salmon.

Roast mutton. Gong soup. Rations.

.Milk. Tin soup . Corned beef.

Carrots. Cigarettes. Cereal.

Oxo Dripping. Oatcakes.

Bacon. Sugar.




cross-fire of artillery and charged in flank

by the Mahratta horse, the glorious band still

dung round its colours undaunted and unbroken

until rescued by Wellesley's cavalry 1

They went into action about 500 strong of

all ranks; and of that number there fell

17 officers and 384 men on that day. Yet

those that remained never lost their spirit for

a moment. Assaye was fought on September

25; on November 29 53 of the remnant fell

at Argaum. Small wonder that We11esley,

not a sentimental man, found it difficult to

find praise high enough for the Seventyfourth.


In the following year, 1806, the Seventy-first

went with Sir David Baird to recapture the

Cape, and was then sent by him, as a special

favour, with Home Popham's filibustering expedition

to the River Plate, being under command

of William Beresford, the future Marshal

Qf PortugaL It took Buenos Aires singlehanded,

and was then overpowered and captured,

returning home after the disastrous

defeat of Whitelocke in the ensuing year. In

1908 it marched with John Moore to Sahagun

and back to Coruna; and in 1810 it returned

to the Peninsula, as did also the Seventy-fourth,

to serve under Wellington. The Seventyfourth

fought under their old chief at Bussaco ;

and in 1811 we find both Seventy-first and

Seventy-fourth in the field of Fuentes de

Onoro. The Seventy-first was charged with

the defence of the key of the position, the

village of Fuentes de Onoro itself, and made

a most noble and glorious fight; and when,

after a desperate struggle, the French captured

a portion of the village, it was the Seventyfourth,

among others, that counter-attacked

and drove them out. In 1812 the Seventyfirst

was part of the force handed over to Hill

to guard Wellington's right flank, and was

obliged to content itself with the surprises of

Arroyo llolinos and Almaraz; but the

Seventy-fourth furnished a storming party

for Cuidad Rodrigo, took part in the storm

of Badajoz, and were among the foremost

in Pakenham's great attack at Salamanca.'In

the great year of 1813 both Seventy-first and

Seventy-fourth were at Vittoria and in the

battle of the Pyrenees; indeed, the Seventyfirst

at Vittoria was the most highly tried and

the most severely punished, perhaps, of any

battalion in the battle.

Blit the mere enumeration of actions is

tedious. Let it suffice that one or both of the

battalions shared in every great action of the



Peninsular war, always with credit, often with

distinction; and that the Seventy-first was in

Adam's Brigade at Waterloo and joined with

the Fifty-second in shattering the famous

attack of the Imperial Guard. As to their

subsequent service, which has taken them to

many quarters of the Empire, space forbids

me to say more than that men of the Seventyfourth

formed a large proportion of the drafts

that went down on the" Birkenhead."


Now a Corporal and six men of the 1/5tb

Battalion of the Highland Light Infantry have

gained for their regiment the honour of special

mention in an orderfrom General Headquarters.

It is a distinction which every regiment will

envy them and none will grudge them. Yet

the behaviour of this little party is in strict

accordance with the traditions of the old

Seventy-first and Seventy-fourth as I have

briefly sketched them above. The" precious

remnant" of Porto Novo, and the " glorious

band" of Assaye sowed the seed which in the

year 1918 still bears fruit of the old kind. Eyre

Coote and Wellington never met in this world,

but in the Elysian fields, perhaps, some newcomer,

fresh from the fields of France, has explained

to them that the old Seventy-third

(for it did not become Seventy-first until after

Porto Novo) and Seventy-fourth are the same

to-day as they were over a century ago, though

now swelled to many battalions. And Eyre

Coote, perhaps, recalls some feat of young

Robert Clive, the volunteer, to match that of

the corporal of 1918; and Wellington growls

out "D--d fine, d--d fine! We never

mentioned non-commissioned officers or men

in General Orders in my time, except now and

then when we hanged 'em, but I spared a

murderer once rather than bring reproach

upon the name of the old Seventy-fourth.

D--d fine ! "

-The Times, September 23,1918.


The name of the N.C.O. in command of the

post of the 1/5th H.L.I. which held out so

gallantly is now given as Corporal David

Hunter, whose home is at 35 Forth Street,


A British General, in an interview with a

Press Correspondent, stated ;­

From the 8th of August down to last

Tuesday I have been at work among the troops

taking part in the operations which have flung

the enemy back to the line he held in March

"He was keen on all sports, and though

not particularly gifted as a player of ball

games, he took his part in each as it came along

with zest and energy.

"When the Regiment moved to Ireland,

where they were quartered from 1909 to

1913, first at Cork and then at Mullingar, he

took to hunting very eagerly, and it is probable

that he enjoyed his hunting days more than

any others, though he never missed an opportunity

of shooting or fishing which came his


" Promotion in the Regiment during these

years was slow, and it was still as a Lieutenant

in command of the Machine Gun detachment,

though with over 10 years' service, that he

embarked for France in August, 1914. As

was natural, active service brought out the

best qualities of such a nature very quicklycheery

always and very thoughtful for those

under him, his machine gunners soon proved

themselves worthy of the labour he had expended

on them, and his delight was great

when Driver Scott of the Machine Gun detachment

received a French decoration (the Medaille

Militaire) for gallantry during the battle

of the Marne-one of the first honours

awarded in the war.

"All members of the H.L.I., and many

others, remember the details of the very

gallant part he played on that foggy morning

in November, 1914, in the trenches in front of

Ypres, which gained him the V.C., and the

writer, whose duty it was to recommend

measures to cope with a somewhat difficult

situation, and for this purpose visited Lieut.

Brodie in the trenches shortly after he had

performed the deeds which made him famous,

has a very clear recollection of the cool,

practical sense and absence of excitement

which he showed.

" Lieut. Brodie became Captain in September,

1914, and had much hard fighting as

Company commander with his old Battalion

in 1915, especially in the neighbourhood of

Richebourg, Givenchy, and Festubert. Later,

he was attached for intelligence duties to the

Staff, first of Sir Hubert Gough and afterwards

of Sir Henry Rawlinson, and became Brigade­

Major of 63rd Infantry Brigade in May, 1916.

He remained in this position for 18 months,

taking an active part in the battles of the

Somme and the Ancre in 1916, and of Arras

and other engagements in 1917, and was

awarded the Military Cross in January, 1917,

and promoted Brevet-Major in January, 1918.

" But though during these two years Captain



Brodie had proved himself a capable Staff

Officer, and though romotion on the Staff

was open to he so desired, he was

always more attracted by Regimental duty,

and had long wished to command a Battalion

of his Regiment. As the opportunity for

this seemed L'eIDote, he at the end of last year

accepted command of a Battalion of Liverpool

Scottish, and in April of this year was transferred,

to his great joy, to the command of his

old Battalion.

" All accounts go to prove his entire success

in this position, and in a letter to the writer,

which he had written on 13th August, the

anniversary of the day on which the Battalion

sailed for France, he gave a glowing account

of the men under him, and was full of confidence

in the part they would play when next called


"Events proved that the call was to be

made very shortly. Full details of the action

of 23rd August, in which Colonel Brodie fell,

are not yet to hand, but it appears that the

H.L.I. formed part of a considerable attack,

and that he was with the leading line of his

Battalion when he was killed instantaneously

by a bullet.

" The writer served long with Colonel Brodie

in peace and war, and the outstanding features

of his character which these years leave with

him are his strength, his love of honesty and

fairplay, his dislike and contempt for sham

in all forms, his great love for and devotion

to the Regiment; his cheery, kindly disposition,

added to a keen sense of humour,

which made him a delightful companion at all

times and under every condition.

"We deplore his loss, but his example

will always remain as an ideal at which all

may aim, and may it not be that that gallant

little band, who by their deeds in Mreuvres

have just now shed fresh lustre on the name

of the Highland Light Infantry, drew their

inspiration from the many brave officers and

soldiers who have given their lives for their

country and whose names and deeds in every

quarter of the world are enshrined in the

history of the Regiment, and amongst whom

the name and fame of Lieut.-Colonel Brodie,

V.C., will always hold an honoured place.

"W. L. B."

" To write an appreciation of a great man

is a privilege confined to friends of long standing,

but it is not amiss if one, like the present

writer, makes bold to pay a simple homage

to a man who commanded respect and affec­

281510 Pte. Connor, J. 241343 Pte. Grovos, J.

353127 Pte. Christie. A. 23018b Pte. Gibson, G.

333161 Pte. Colquhoun, J. 201663 Pte. Glass, M.

42341 Pte. Chitty, E. 332343 L.·C. Gardner, R.

330488 Pte. Clark, R. 332434 Pte. Green, D.

350262 Cpl. Cooney, P. 202975 Pte. Gamble, M.

200695 Pte. Cullen, E. 330391. C.S.M. Hannah, J.

243562 Pte. Conway, M. 282372 Pte. Hanlung, F.

202972 Pte. Chapman, B. 330082 Sgt. Homer, W.

%81519 Pte. Cairns, C. 353016 Pte. Hook, A.

280359 Sgt C08te110, W. 45421 Pte. Harrison, G.

280733 Pte. Cryan, J. 333414 Pte. Hall, A.

355203 Sgt. Connoll, J. 350469 Pte. Harvey, J,

56652 L.·C. ea.mpbell, D. 333860 Pte. Howard, A.

6001 Pte. Caw, J. 17852 Pte. Harvey, .T.

332019 Opl. Clark, J. 331403 L . .c. Hughes, R.

200229 Pte. Cosans, C. 28006', Opl. Hair, H.

331718 1,.·C. Crunmer, D. 30516 Pte. Hunter, A.

241463 Pte. Clark, C. 202745 Pte. Hirst, H.

200118 Pte. Callender, A. 202908 Pte. Hutchinson,

56655 Pte. Chidwick, A. W.

334236 Pte. Druce, J. 41110 Pte. Holt, J.

350303 Pte. Davis, A. 200265 OpJ. Hamilton, J.

200176 Pte. Donnan, J. 201505 Pte. Haugh, M.

45424 Pte. Dell, G. 33279"1 Pw. Hutchinson,

330584 Cpl. Dryden, J. G.

353008 Pte. Denham, W. 202798 Pte. Hankinson, W.

334001 Pte. Ditchman, W. 350217 Pte. Hind, A.

332008 Pte. Donald, J. 282654 Pte. Hunter, A.

241391 Cp!. Dalglish, R. 282630 Pte. Hamer, A.

202092 Pte. Dyke, W. 280800 Pte. Houston, J.

353080 L.·C. Donnelly, J. 334b86 Pte. Hewitt, B.

281358 Pte. Donnelly, J. 202667 Pte. Hartley, A.

42446 Pte. Donaldson, P. 31618 Pt,c. Hand, D.

200242 Pte. Dinning, W. 332543 Pte. Hall, W.

21324 Pte. DaiY, E. 330260 Pte. Honeyman, J.

3118 Pte. Docherty, H. 332673 Pte. Hunter, J.

331289 Cp!. Davies, H. 201901 C.S.M. Hicbon, C.

305441 Pte. Dickson, E. 353069 L. ·C. Hood, R.

350338 Pte. Eley, J. 15903 Pte. Hunter, M.

333315 Pte. Elliot, F. 291348 L. C. Johnston, H.

203310 Pte. Eley, R. 50787 Pte. Ireoon, W.

202588 L.·C. Faulder, A. 356516 Pte. Jackson, R.

333076 Pte. Fraser, A. 202528 Pte. Jones, A.

334596 Pte. Frow, J. 202868 Pte. Jackson, O.

200224 Pte. Fraser, W. 203309 Pte. Jams, W.

242718 Pte. Floyd, J. 350548 Pte. Jal'vie, D.

201558 Pte. Ferguson, P. 241660 Pte. Jackson. V.

333017 Pte. Fairlie, J. 202744 Pte. Jukes, W.

242169 Pte. Fieldhouse, E. 242552 L.·C. Kay, J.

281472 Pte. Falconer, W. 281495 Pte. KilIen, H.

330993 Pte. Fair, G. 243028 Pte. Kilpatrick, A.

331062 Pte. Fcrgus, D. 332212 Pte. Kcnnedy, J.

242834 Pte. Flynn, D. 280894 Pte. Kcrr, T.

331021 Pte. Ferguson, T. 55760 Pte. Kane, .r.

33628 Pte. Fabian, J. 350399 CpJ. King, E.

50874 Pte. Fieldir.g, R. 240941 Pte. Kennedy, W.

350257 Cpl. Gulline, J. 350649 Pte. Kavanagh, P.

353135 Pte. Gourley, W. 332224 L.·C. King, D.

332331 Cp!. Gold, W. 333052 Op!. Kenny, W.

333884 Pte. Guest, W. 50789 Pte. Lough, D.

", 281890 L.·C. Gibson, H. 334318 Pte. Laing, R.

\ 282226 Pte. Ginns, R. 280266 Pte. Lawton, J.

13857 Pw. Gray, D. 200346 Pte. Little. W.

280114 Pte. Gordon, T. 39338 Pte. Livingstone, A.

200353 Sgt. Goodwin, J. 241054 Pte. Lynn. M.

243043 Pte. GiIlies, G. 280901 Pte. Lappin, J.

29343 Pte. Graham, J. 332904 Pte. Lindsay, W.

28n67 Pte. Gott, J. 282644 Pte. Long, A.

242635 L.·C. Grove, N. 52455 Pte. Lavell, J.

333729 Pte. Gurney, T. 45414 Pte. Livingstone, D.

241169 Pte. Gillies, H. 202101 Pte. Littlejohn, D.


241467 Pte. Laing, G. 242772 Pte. M'Dade, H.

20029:' Sgt. Logan, J. 200875 Sgt. M'Groaty, W.

333027 T ... ·C. Leggatt, T. 327323 Pte. Nicholson, W.

241657 Pte. Lake, J. 381132 Pte. Nicholson, A.

55888 Pte. Lawrie, A. 232888 Pte. Morton, H.

334281 Pte. Laing, J. 281561 Pte. Netler, H.

5670] Pte. Law, D. 241011·Pte. Neil, J.

242106 Pte. Marshall, A. 203413 Pte. Newall, J.

351751 Pte. Morrow, P. 332936 L.·C. Nokes, T.

350656 Pte. Miller, A. 73496 Pte. Nyland, J.

332390 L . .c. Malcolm, J. 333780 Pte. O'Brien, P.

331052 Cpl. Mulhearn, C. 282046 Sgt. O'Hara, L,

332776 Sgt. Maxwell. G. 42808 Pte. Owens, H.

332156 Sgt. MilIar, D. 305202 Cp!. O'Hara, P.

333964 Pte. Milligan, G. 200601 Pte. Pithie, J.

350401 Pte. Malkin, J. 332439 T ... ·C. Paton, J.

203278 Pte. Moran, T. 282550 Pte. Patterson, J.

201338 Pte. Meek, A. 203654 Pte. PhilJips, A.

203624 Pte. Miller, J. 333214 Pte. Paisley, T.

4890 Pte. Mulheron, P. 203126 Pte. Purdy, G.

40392 Pte. Murison, J. 281718 Pte. Patter80n, F.

281172 Pte. Malley, P. 334003 Pte. Purkins, H.

241621 Pte. Moorhouse, H. 55816 Pte. Petrie, J.

350355 Pte. Moffatt, D. 202213 Pte. Quigg, J.

202733 Pte. Marshall, J. 51020 Pte. Rowland, H."

240912 Pw. Mol, K. 333328 Pte. Rogson, T.

36905 Pte. Mlllar, H. 345821 Pte. Reay, T.

350190 Pte. Meakin, E. 331959 Sgt. Robertson, T.

332282 Sgt. Miller, J. 202584 Pte. Roper, W.

33437 Pte. Main, R. 52731 Pte. Redgewell, A.

333786 Pte. Meikle, R. 281300 Pte. Robinson, A.

242692 Pte. Madden, J. 50091 Pte. Robertson, D.

350178 Pte. Martin, K. 200662 Pte. Russell, F.

333185 Pte. Murray, H. 350410 Pte. Riglar, R.

201276 Pte. Maloney, W. 200949 Pte. Reid, J.

29027 Pte. Moore, R. 202573 Pte. Robertson, W.

200737 Pw. Mathieson, H. 280572 Pte. &aberts, J.

56708 Pte. Miller, G. 23957 Sgt. Rankin, J.

330364 L. ·C. Moffat, W. 280497 Cp!. Roxburgh. J.

350535 Pte. Martin, J. 200331 Pte. Rae, R.

334312 L.·C. M'Laron, R. 350290 Pte. Stokes, H.

202175 Pte. M'Culloch, M. 350150 Pte. Smith, D.

35(521) Pte. M'Farlane, W. 331857 Pte. Shields, R.

353150 L.·C. M'Lellan, G. 282091 Pte. Smith, A.

332693 Sgt. M'Kinnon, J. 154768 Pte. Stephenson, J.

332223 L.·C. Maclay, T. 331427 Pte. Stephens, J.

333089 Pte. M'Dermott, C. 333354 L ·C..8mith. E.

280871 Pte. M'Dougall, D. 350312·Pte. Salt, H.

330878 Pte. M'Androw, H. 203184 Pte. Sto\worthy. H.

281121 Pte. M'Leod, M. 202741 Pte. Stephenson, J.

281634 Pte. M'Gowan, A. 353106 L.·C. Simpson, J.

200274 Sgt. M'I..aren, D. 333054 Pw. Smith, A.

350334 Pte. M'Gregor, A. 350148 Pte. Schmidt, H.

330394 Pte. M'Wattie, H. 241954 Pte. Starrs, J.

240625 Pte. M'Donald, G. 331315 L.·C. Smith, T.

200758 Pte. M'Phail, J. 243037 Pte. Ste_rt, J.

11590 Pte. M'Kechnie. J. 201038 Pte. Sadler, T.

201471 Pte. M'Intosh, J. 240937 Pte. Stmchan, J.

240105 Pte. M'Farlane, A. 280950 Sgt. Sharkey, F.

201190 Pte. M'Roo, A. 330330 Pte. Sutherland, G.

350331 Pte. M'Bride, J. 201723 Pte. StonE', J.

280409 Pte. M'Donald, J. 241232 Pte. Smith, R.

20031:,8 Pte. M'Lean. H. 1)0564 Pte. Shurrock, W.

280625 Opl. M'CaH, F. 200826 Pte. Smith, A.

243457 Pte. M'Munn, J. 333378 Pte. S1oan, P.

282652 Pte. M'Intyre, D. 51093 Pte. Sbirllon, C.

334219 Pte. M'Cowan, D. 355820 Pte. Steele, .T.

41672 Pte. M'Ternan, M. 241620 Pte, Sharp, S.

241911 Pte. M'Comb, T. 332630 Pte. Stewart, C.

281515 Pte. M'Kerron, C. 242031 Pte, Stephenson, H.

241351 Pte, M'Intyre, M. 55700 Pte, Summel'R, J.

332068.Pte•. M'Whirr, D. 350519 Pte. Slater, E.

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