His influence

on the


His stimulating



which they were written have become totally obso-

lete, the style, and even the technic of these compo-

sitions is such, that whoever wishes to take a high

rank as a pianist, must devote to them the most

earnest and diligent study. This is doubly true if

the pianist aims beyond mere technic, at high ar-

tistic qualities and musicianship.

Said Robert Schu-

mann, "Make the 'Well Tempered Clavichord' your

daily bread; then you will surely become a thorough

musician." This advice, coming from a writer apparently

as far removed as possible from the manner

and style of Bach, is highly significant Chopin

and Mendelssohn, who, with Schumann, made the

Modern Romantic School of pianoforte writing,

were diligent students of Bach, and drew a large

part of their inspiration from him. These facts may

help to show us how immensely important Bach's

influence has been, and still is. The secret of this

influence lies partly in the profound originality, and

the inspired quality of Bach's genius, and partly in the

unsurpassed intellectual grasp and power by which his

works are everywhere characterized. The study of

a Bach fugue is an intellectual exercise of the most

salutary kind; an exercise, the severity of whose demands

on mental concentration and on the power

of sustained thinking, constitutes a most valuable

means of intellectual discipline. There is no keener

intellectual pleasure than these works afford, to him

who has mastered them.

Bach's instrumental works are the culmination

of the polyphonic or contrapuntal style. Up to his

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