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Informe Técnico de Consultoría ASPECTOS CONCEPTUALES Y ...

Informe Técnico de Consultoría ASPECTOS CONCEPTUALES Y ...

AUTOR (ES):Arnason,

AUTOR (ES):Arnason, RagnarTITULOOn the ITQ fisheries management system in IcelandAÑO 1996REFERENCIAReviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 6, pp.63-90BIBLIOGRAFICAIDIOMAInglésPALABRAS CLAVESRESUMENDIRECCIÓN DE ACCESOELECTRÓNICOThis paper provides a brief description of the origin,evolution, structure and performance of the ITQ (individualtransferable quota) system in the Icelandic fisheries.The current ITQ fisheries management system in Icelandwas instituted gradually over a period of 15 years. An IQ(individual quota) system was initially imposed in theherring fishery in 1975 and transformed into a fully fledgedITQ system in 1979. An IQ system was introduced in thecapelin fishery in 1980 and turned into an ITQ system 1986.An ITQ system was introduced in the demersal fisheries in1984. Since 1990 all fisheries within the Icelandic EEZ(exclusive economic zone) have been subject to a uniformsystem of individual transferable quotas with only minorexceptions. The system, however, is still evolving andconsequently subject to further modification and change.The paper discusses the social and economic impetus for theinitial adoption of the ITQ fisheries management system inthe various fisheries, sketches its subsequent developmentand describes the main features of the current system. Itpresents assessments of the biological and economic impactof the ITQ system and discusses its furore prospects.The paper finds clear evidence of positive biological andeconomic impacts of the ITQ system in the herring andcapelin fisheries. In the demersal fisheries, the evidence ismore mixed, although also in these fisheries there isevidence of substantial economic benefits stemming fromthe ITQ system.A-3

AUTOR (ES):Arnarson, Ingólfur; Trondsen, TorbjørnTITULOValue Adding in the First Hand Sales of Fish. A Comparisonbetween Contract-, and Auction Market Prices. ADescriptive Analyses of the Icelandic CaseAÑO 1998REFERENCIAPaper presented at IIFET 1998BIBLIOGRAFICAIDIOMAInglésPALABRAS CLAVES Value adding, first hand sales of fish, auction markets, fishsupplies, value chain.RESUMENThe object of the paper is to analyze the impact of auctionmarkets on the ex-vessel prices in Iceland with a specialemphasis on rural areas and small-scale fisheries. The papershows that auction markets yield considerable higher exvesselprices in Iceland than traditional contractdeliverances. Furthermore, that the Icelandic auction marketsystems are well suited for the rural areas and are verycompetitive with auction markets in urban areas on thecontinent of Europe and in UK.DIRECCIÓN DE ACCESOELECTRÓNICOhttp://draugen.nfh.uit.no/~torbjorn/Forskning/Forstehandsomsetning /Paper%20iifet98.htm#_ftnref1A-4

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