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Informe Técnico de Consultoría ASPECTOS CONCEPTUALES Y ...

Informe Técnico de Consultoría ASPECTOS CONCEPTUALES Y ...

AUTOR (ES):Brandt,

AUTOR (ES):Brandt, Sylvia; McEvoy, DavidTITULODistributional effects of property rights: Transitions in theAtlantic Herring fisheryAÑO 2006REFERENCIAMarine Policy 30 (2006) 659–670BIBLIOGRAFICAIDIOMAInglésPALABRAS CLAVES Property rights; Equity; Distributional effectsRESUMENA principal challenge in developing any fishery managementplan is the allocation of benefits and costs amongparticipants in the fishery. This process is furthercomplicated by imperfect information about future marketdemand and limited ability to predict the consequences ofregulatory change. This paper offers a new approach topolicymakers, using econometric analysis to simulate thepotential impact of individual tradable quotas (ITQs) in afishery. We compare the distribution of harvest acrossparticipants in the Atlantic Herring fishery under the currentopen access regime and under a potential ITQ regime,assuming two different levels of future demand. Our resultsshow that production efficiency varies by vessel gear, homeportand relationship with buyers. Some of the predictedconsequences of ITQs are: vessels from Massachusetts willgain share relative to those from Maine; trawlers will gainshare relative to purse seine vessels; and independent vesselswill lose share relative to vessels that are primarilycontracted to specific processors or bait companies. Theseresults will help policymakers in developing futuremanagement plans for the herring fishery. More generally,this analytical approach can help regulators in any fisheryassess the potential impact of alternative policy changesunder alternative future demand scenariosDIRECCIÓN DE ACCESO http://www.elsevier.com/locate/marpolELECTRÓNICOA-9

AUTOR (ES):Brandt, SylviaTITULOThe equity debate: distributional impacts of individualtransferable quotasAÑO 2005REFERENCIAOcean & Coastal Management 48 (2005) 15–30BIBLIOGRAFICAIDIOMAInglésPALABRAS CLAVESRESUMENThe twin goals of economic efficiency and social equityoften seem at odds, particularly in the debate over twomarine policy approaches: firm-level regulation of inputsand outputs (‘‘command and control’’) and individualtransferable quotas. This paper examines the debate oversocial equity in a US fishery that transitioned from commandand control to individual transferable quotas—the mid-Atlantic clam fishery. The analysis draws on 17 years of dataon fishing trips, vessel ownership, tradable property rightsownership, and output market shares. The results show thatno segment of the industry was disproportionately adverselyaffected by the regulatory change; however, they alsodemonstrate the emergence of a new sector in the industry,which is predominantly made up of former small-scaleDIRECCIÓN DE ACCESOELECTRÓNICOharvesters.http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ocecoamanA-10

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