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Premios de la UICN - IUCN Portals

Premios de la UICN - IUCN Portals

Annex: Case StudiesThis

Annex: Case StudiesThis document presents the results of implementation of the IUCN Programme 2009–12 and isintended to provide a representation of IUCN’s work over the four-year period. As this small selectionof case studies demonstrates, the work of IUCN always begins on the ground, in close cooperationwith the distributed Secretariat, Members and Commissions. It is based on these concrete examplesthat IUCN is able to carry out its mission of ‘influencing, encouraging and assisting societiesthroughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use ofnatural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable.’Case Studies: Conserving BiodiversityThe Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 and the Aichi TargetsAgainst the background of the world’s failure to achieve by 2010 a significant reduction of the currentrate of biodiversity loss at the global, regional and national level as a contribution to poverty alleviationand to the benefit of all life on Earth (the so called 2010 Biodiversity Target) and the documentedcontinuous and increasing deterioration and decline of biodiversity in all its components worldwide,expectations were high regarding the negotiation and adoption of a new global framework to haltbiodiversity loss across all levels and sectors and urgent action was needed.IUCN articulated a clear objective for its policy work: through the preparations for the CBD TenthConference of the Parties (COP10) and for the meeting itself, the development and adoption of astrong, science-based, scalable, achievable yet ambitious Strategic Plan for the CBD for the nextdecade. It was our aim to influence the Parties to the CBD to commit to this strong yet relatively simpleframework at the global level. Immediately following adoption, IUCN offered its support to help“translate” the global targets into national level targets based on national needs assessments.IUCN prepared eight position papers which contained IUCN’s policy recommendations for COP10 onrelevant agenda items. IUCN’s position papers were well received, used as a basis for policydevelopment and were clearly appreciated by Parties. These documents were the result of a largeconsultation process within the Secretariat, involving IUCN’s Commissions, Council and Members.Media, including the BBC World Service to name one, saw IUCN as a source for unbiased andcontinuous information from a range of target media. As an outcome of this process IUCN had directinfluence in shaping Target 2, 5, 11, 12, and 20 and some influence on all of the other targets, byworking behind the scenes with our Members and through interventions made in plenary and contactgroup sessions.IUCN Assists the Birth of IPBESBecause delivering knowledge to inform conservation policies is central in its mandate, IUCN activelyparticipated in the discussions on an Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity andEcosystem services (IPBES) since 2005, culminating in the formal establishment of IPBES as anindependent intergovernmental organization in April 2012.Rooted in the collective recognition that knowledge on biodiversity and ecosystem services is sparselydistributed and is not yet properly utilized in decision making, IPBES has been conceived after acareful and thorough benchmarking of previous global or regional experiences to deliver assessmentsof knowledge, such as the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, the Global Biodiversity Outlooks or,indeed, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.During the negotiations, IUCN contributed substantively by collecting and sharing the lessons learnedfrom decades of delivering knowledge to inform conservation policies, and providing a nongovernmentalperspective in the discussions. In particular, IUCN contributed to the gap analysis whichshowed the need for a mechanism such as IPBES to bridge the science and policy worlds regardingbiodiversity and ecosystem services. IUCN further advocated for the need to collaborate with existingrelevant initiatives and to involve civil society—both considered critically important features for thecredibility and legitimacy of IPBES.IUCN stands ready to cooperate with IPBES and has offered options for administrative and technicalsupport. IUCN also presented its flagship knowledge products and showed how they could serve344

future assessments which IPBES might wish to commission. In 2011, a dedicated programme tosupport the establishment and future work of IPBES was created in the IUCN Secretariat.Community involvement in development and implementation of species conservation strategy:the Critically Endangered Golden Mantella of MadagascarThe Critically Endangered Golden Mantella, a small, terrestrial frog endemic to Madagascar, isundergoing severe declines in Madagascar. Golden Mantellas need both healthy rainforests and cleanfreshwater ponds and these habitats are threatened throughout its range by logging, mining and slashand burn agriculture. Mangabe forest has more Golden Mantella ponds than any other site and ispivotal to the survival of this species.A member of the IUCN SSC Species Conservation Planning Sub‐Committee has led village‐ levelplanning for this species. The Golden Mantella Conservation Strategy was finalized in 2010 and hasbeen endorsed by the Malagasy government. The conservation strategy is now two years old and willbe subject to formal review before the end of 2012 to assess the extent of uptake and effectiveness ofthe agreed actionsSince early 2012, with the support of a Save Our Species grant, Madagasikara Voakajy, a nationalconservation organization, assists both the community organizations that manage the Mangabe forestand the Malagasy authorities in their efforts to monitor, and conserve, the key breeding ponds of theGolden Mantella. A total of ten community-based organizations are currently mobilized to act asconservation ambassadors of the species and its habitat, while at the same time improving locallivelihoods in the process. Three organizations named a total of twenty monitors who regularly visitedtwelve Golden Mantella breeding ponds and reported on their state and on any illegal activitieswitnessed.Transboundary water management in the Mekong River BasinThe Mekong is the longest river in Southeast Asia, beginning its 4,200 km journey in the mountains ofthe Tibetan Plateau and ultimately reaching the South China Sea. This ecosystem is fundamental tothe viability of natural resource-based rural livelihoods of a population of 55 million people living in theLower Mekong Basin. Some of the most significant threats to these livelihoods come fromenvironmental degradation and habitat loss. This situation is compounded by a growth in water andenergy demands and alteration of natural flows as a result of infrastructure developments along theriver. Increasing pressure on already degrading water resources has resulted in an increase inconflicts between upstream and downstream water users.The Water and Nature Initiate’s (WANI) activities in the Mekong aimed at mobilizing grass-rootsengagement of local stakeholders in decision making, while facilitating high-level dialogues. Thishelped to build networked, multi-stakeholder processes which helped to bridge local to national andregional decision making in the basin to support improved transboundary basin management. Inparticular, IUCN supported Tai Baan Research or Villagers’ Research. This process based on localknowledge is owned by local people themselves so that they are better able represent their interests inpolicy and decision-making arenas. This type of village-led research helped to develop a livelihoodsfocused approach to river basin management that supported local governmental structures working inpartnership with local NGOs and village groups.IUCN also supported the Mekong Region Waters Dialogue Project that set a precedent forgovernments and organizations to move towards more accountability and transparency in theiractivities. In 2010, results focused on local multi-stakeholder dialogues and work by National WorkingGroups in influencing water policy development. For example, the new Lao Water Policy (2010–2020)and Water Strategy (2010–2015) were developed, using the National Working Groups as a platformfor compiling a wide range of stakeholder inputs. Also with strong support from the Mekong WaterDialogues project, the Government of Lao PDR acceded to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. InViet Nam, mirroring development in Lao PDR, the National Working Groups mobilized stakeholderinputs into the new National Target Programme on Water, which incorporates the implementation ofwater allocation and protection plans for Vietnamese rivers.Watershed management in Miyun, ChinaThe Miyun reservoir and its watershed supplies up to 80% of the water used in Beijing (1 millionresidents in the watershed and 17 million more downstream in Beijing), which has been facing a345

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