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Premios de la UICN - IUCN Portals

Premios de la UICN - IUCN Portals

Upper Akkar watershed.

Upper Akkar watershed. The hima is promoted as a systematic approach for managing resourcessustainably along the watershed.Three villages approved the use of himas devolving local decision making to the communities. Tosupport sustainable development and safeguard extraordinary biodiversity including that of KarmChbat National Reserve, the Draft Master Plan for Upper Akkar/Hermel was produced with activeparticipation of local people. In response to local demands, this plan includes a focus on ecotourism, apotentially sustainable alternative for increasing income for Bedouin families in this extremely poorarea of Lebanon.Case Studies: Changing the Climate ForecastBuilding cross-sectoral conditions for Climate change and food security in Central and Westand AfricaEfforts to integrate nature-based solutions into development policies and practices in Central andWest Africa have been limited to the adoption of national climate change adaptation programmes ofaction based on the premise that agriculture is the most vulnerable sector to climate change.IUCN aims to build cross-sectoral solutions for climate change and food security as precondition todeal with climate change issues in Central and West Africa. The reduction of agriculture-basedvulnerability to climate change is unlikely to be achieved, if other economic sectors that contribute tothe livelihoods of population are not adequately and simultaneously addressed.IUCN tools for conducting vulnerability assessments were used to train stakeholders and improve theadaptive capacity. In field demonstration activities were used to demonstrate the value of othereconomic sectors to fight against climate change from a local to national perspective.Significant achievements include an increased involvement of civil society in national discussionsregarding the implementation of the national adaptation programme of action in Burkina Faso. Atcommunity level, the demonstration projects led to improvement of the food security systems throughthe implementation of climate-resilient farming practices and the promotion of an agricultural warrantsystem. The agricultural products warrant system increased the prices of agricultural products from15% to 76%, this produced an increase in income for 29 men and 38 women. In addition, climateresilientfarming practices allowed covering about 138 hectares benefiting 72 women and 183 men.Making climate change mitigation pro-poor through the REDD+ mechanismUnder the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the mitigation strategy,Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Plus (REDD+), holds mixed promise.IUCN’s work on REDD+ stems from widely held concerns that some countries are defining REDD+initiatives that do not clearly describe and demonstrate how the poor will be involved in the formulationand implementation of REDD+ activities and, indications that REDD+ may pose significant risks tovulnerable groups in terms of their livelihoods.IUCN in Uganda is piloting this project with the aim of supporting the government to undertake aparticipatory process to develop a comprehensive and pro-poor REDD strategy, especially in regardsto the participation of the poor and the marginalized in this process.IUCN used the Forest-Poverty Tool Kit to undertake studies in Mt. Elgon that demonstrated how thepoor relate with the forests and implications of this to REDD+ strategies. The toolkit identified 167households considered poor against the Benet sub-district poverty index; most of them wereimmigrants, mainly women, without land or livestock. The project identified the access to parkresources as a priority to implement activities for this focal group. Subsequently it organized access tosome land on which to grow some quick growing vegetables for income. Although it is difficult todemonstrate a reduction of poverty per se, there was a measurable increase in incomes due to moresecure incomes from access to park resources. In Tegeres, a community not of Benet people, therelatively lower price of milk increased thanks to a consistent access to the market.350

Forest Landscape Restoration and the Bonn ChallengeThere are vast areas of currently deforested or degraded landscapes which offer opportunities forforest landscape restoration. Many of these are hindered by a lack of investment funds or by unclearrights for local land and resource users to benefit.At the Bonn Challenge Ministerial Roundtable, a select group of ministers and chief executives ofinternational and non-governmental organizations and companies discussed how to benefitbiodiversity and the fight against climate change through concrete restoration activities.The result was the Bonn Challenge Commitment to restore 150 million hectares of lost forests anddegraded lands worldwide by 2020 was launched at a ministerial conference in Bonn in September2011. New analysis by IUCN estimates that restoring 150 million hectares would be worth US$ 85billion per year to national and global economies. Pledges from individual countries for forestlandscape restoration are expected in the coming monthsThe landmark commitment in Bonn comes as new analysis shows that more than two billion hectaresof the world’s deforested and degraded landscapes—equivalent to half the size of Asia—offeropportunities for restoration. This new global estimate is almost double the area previously consideredrestorable, thanks to improvements in the precision of mapping zones where climate and soils allowforests to grow.The 150 million hectare restoration target directly relates to existing international commitments onclimate change and biodiversity. It will contribute to the biodiversity convention target calling forrestoration of 15% of degraded ecosystems by 2020, and the climate change convention goal onREDD-Plus, which calls for countries to slow, halt and reverse the loss and degradation of forests.Natural Solutions: Protected Areas helping people cope with climate changeIUCN and WCPA, based on collaboration internally and with external partners produced “NaturalSolutions: protected areas helping people cope with climate change” was released at the UNFCCCCOP 15 in Copenhagen, in support of a strengthened policy position on ecosystem-based approachesto climate change. Although the Copenhagen Climate Summit did not conclude a new global climateagreement, the recognition of ecosystem resilience as a key factor contributing to societal resilience toclimate change became firmly entrenched in the draft language of the new agreement. It was alsoincorporated into the work of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific and Technological Advice.By the time of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in October 2010,the arguments for protection were sufficiently mature to advance extremely significant decisions inNagoya, Japan. At the level of the In-Depth Review of the CBD’s programme of work on protectedareas, there was full recognition of the role of protected areas, and the role of the multifacetedgovernance of protected areas in climate change responses. In decisions on Climate Change andBiodiversity, the role of protected areas was specifically emphasized.Not all gains have been at the policy level though, as the German International Climate Initiativespecifically includes ecosystem-based adaptation as one of the criteria for its grant-making todeveloping countries. At the level of national take up, countries like Mexico have prepared climatechange response strategies that specifically include protected areas and sectoral responses involvingprotected areas. IUCN regions have a slate of funded projects that continue to explore and provide onthe ground evidence of the relationship between ecosystems, protected areas and climate changeresponses.Integrated solutions to conservation and the development of the Cahoacán Basin in Chiapas,MexicoThe Cahoacán River Basin in Mexico is a region with high environmental and social vulnerability thatfaces various risks such as the increase of disturbing climatological phenomena produced by climatechange, deterioration of ecosystems, overexploitation of productive systems, poor agriculturalpractices, as well as related social problems such as extreme agricultural poverty, social exclusion,lack of environmental education and weak institutions.IUCN aims to reduce the population’s vulnerability, strengthen its capacities to adapt to climatechange and mitigate risk, but also to improve livelihoods by providing nature-based solutions. It also351

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