Views
2 years ago

Premios de la UICN - IUCN Portals

Premios de la UICN - IUCN Portals

IUCN

IUCN aimed to halt overfishing and control the management of fisheries in the Park. For this purposethe office proposed to implement a socio-economic survey on the conditions of local fishermen insidethe National Park to analyze the results with the fishermen and to ask them to propose options forimproving their situation. At the same time, discussions were held with the different administrations incharge of the marine environment (research, monitoring of fisheries and enforcement) in order toidentify their mandates on the marine and coastal environment and activities and to define theirpotential roles and functions in collaboration with the national Park administration.As an outcome of this process the proposals made by the fishermen were given to the regionalauthority to be included in the National Park management plan. Once these proposals areimplemented, a monitoring system will be developed to evaluate the impacts they have onconservation of species and habitats, and on the economic and social well-being of the population.Restoration and improved governance for coastal communities of Tomini Bay, IndonesiaStraddling three provinces—North Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi and Gorontalo—and 14 districts, TominiBay covers a vast area of approximately 59,500 km². At least 100,000 coastal people from variousethnic groups directly depend on the Bay’s resources for food and income. The pressures on TominiBay’s ecosystem are immense and include water pollution and sedimentation, mining, destructivefishing, mangroves clearance to build fish ponds and obtain timber for housing and fuelwood, andcoral mining.IUCN has been assisting Tomini Bay stakeholders to improve the sustainable management of theBay’s natural resources for continuous livelihood benefits of local communities.To achieve its influence IUCN adopted an Integrated Coastal Management approach to support theagreement signed by the three provincial governors in 2008 for the Sustainable StrategicDevelopment of Tomini Bay. The project decided to focus on mangroves as an entry point fordiscussion and establishment of governance mechanisms for managing coastal resources at thedistrict and village level.Within a space of four years four mangrove multi stakeholder working groups were established in fourdistricts, active and mobilized with mangrove action plans and mangrove regulations in place,effectively liaising with village and provincial government bodies. To date the project has beensuccessful in restoring 101 hectares of mangrove habitat under its own resources and a further 200plus hectares through the provision of technical and community facilitation support to governmentprogrammes in the four target districts . As part of the restoration work, mangrove regulations wereadopted at the district and village level.Community Based Sustainable Management of Tanguar Haor Wetland, BangladeshLarge wetland management in Bangladesh tends to be exploitative in nature as wetlands are oftenleased out to the highest bidder whose primary goal is to maximize economic return which disregardsecosystem sustainability and rights of local communities.IUCN has been working to develop a functioning pro-poor co-management system where state, localgovernment and communities share responsibilities for managing Tanguar Haor and resource rights ofthe community is institutionalized.At the national level, IUCN worked with the Ministry of Environment and Forest, to declare TanguarHaor, a Ramsar site. Two NGO members of IUCN provided technical support for communitymobilization and legal advice. IUCN developed a tool called Participatory Resource ManagementPlans that helped community organizations to plan for resource management and accumulatefinancial capital.In bringing Tanguar Haor under a pro-poor co-management regime, IUCN was able to facilitate aprocess of endorsement of benefit sharing agreement by the government. For the first time in thehistory of Tanguar Haor, people participated in fishing in broad day light with dignity and pride as therightful users and without the fear of persecution.At the ecosystem level, the community and government now plan together where and how much toharvest. Conservation zones have been marked using local knowledge on fish breeding and wetland354

irds’ habitat. Strict management has been imposed by the local community in these areas. Localcommunity together with the government law enforcing agency guard these areas. The ecosystem isshowing signs of improvement evidenced by coast recovery.Sustainable medicinal plan certification in the Upper Yangtze, ChinaOver-harvesting of wild medicinal plant species in the mountains of China’s Upper Yangtze ecoregionis a serious conservation concern—given that collectors not only collect target plant species, but mayalso have serious secondary impacts: harvesters camp within reserves, hunt, and gather fuel-wood todry commercial quantities of medicinal plants. Such habitat destruction and disturbance also threatsendangered wildlife species, including the Giant Panda and the Takin.To help alleviate the problem, an initiative delivered through a comprehensive collaboration betweenWWF, IUCN and TRAFFIC, led to local producer associations’ members, harvesters andgovernmental officials receiving training in organic certification procedures, focused on application ofthe Fairwild Standard.Development of the Fairwild Standard was originally led by IUCN’s Medicinal Plant Specialist Group incollaboration with a number of organizations, including TRAFFIC and WWF. This led, throughnegotiations with buyers, relevant experts and key stakeholders, to the establishment of a certificationscheme for sustainably harvested Schisandra fruits in Pingwu and Ningshan Counties, and later to thestep-by-step guidelines for the certification of sustainably produced wild medicinal plant products.Income for local producers in the project areas increased because of higher prices paid for certifiedsustainably harvested medicinal and aromatic plants. In the case of Schisandra, international and localbuyers paid at least 30% above normal market prices for certified produce. A survey of project sites inMarch 2011 found incomes from medicinal plant collection rose, due to the certification schemes; forinstance in one village income raised by almost 18% over 2007 levels. Thanks to training on theFairwild Standard and information about its application, local communities have established fivecommunity-based Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) resource management committees. Work tofurther develop the Fairwild standard involves engagement with the private sector.Managing the Volta River Basin: Ghana and Burkina FasoThe Volta River Basin in West Africa has a surface area of approximately 400,000 km 2 across sixcountries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mali and Togo and is home to nearly 19 millionpeople who depend directly or indirectly on its resources. In response to the development challengesfaced in the Volta Basin, IUCN aimed to improve water governance through consensus on key watermanagement principles and to institutionalize coordination mechanisms. Livelihoods projects werealso supported with the aim of both demonstrating integrated management of water resources at thelocal level and building trust and capacity for developing governance mechanisms.IUCN’s work in the Volta River Basin goes back some time and resulted in the creation of a Code ofConduct between Ghana and Burkina Faso that provides a framework for cooperation on themanagement of shared water resources in the region. Other contributions to legal and institutionaldevelopment included supporting the establishment of the Volta Basin Authority and a JointTransboundary Committee for coordination and conflict resolution between Burkina Faso and Ghana.Since 2009, IUCN worked with the Volta Basin Authority to finalize its Strategic Plan, one which hasbeen endorsed by local stakeholders thanks to the decentralized institutional framework that wasdeveloped for consensus building and implementation. IUCN also supported the establishment of abasin-wide information system along with a network of expertise that can be drawn upon for watermanagement. This originated from the training of 40 experts from Burkina Faso, Ghana and Benin onthe use of ‘the Water Evaluation and Planning system (WEAP) tool for integrated water resourcesplanning.Demonstration projects at local level in Burkina Faso and Ghana for ecosystem rehabilitation andlivelihoods improvements were carried out in 20 communities to support implementation of theStrategic Plan of the Volta Basin Authority. These yielded numerous examples of tangible results,including seven river bank protection committees (four in Burkina and three in Ghana), damrehabilitation for an estimated 1,137 people to access water for dry-season farming, reforestation ofapproximately 16 kilometres of the riverside, as well as benefits from fruit tree planting (6,500 imported355

Millones - IUCN Portals
PROJET 1 - IUCN
IUCN WORLD CONSERVATION CONGRESS
LIBRO 15 A—OS - IUCN
UICN - IUCN
M-152-2012-SP-CG - IUCN Portals
M-183-2012-SP - IUCN Portals
M-153-2012-SP CG - IUCN Portals
Estatutos y Reglamento - IUCN