Evaluation du Programme de Renforcement des Compétences et ...

humanrights.dk

Evaluation du Programme de Renforcement des Compétences et ...

Message from the Director

The Danish Centre for Human Rights (DCHR) initiated its partnership

programmes with democratic governments, universities and NGO’s in

developing countries at the beginning of the nineties. Until then, DCHR

had conducted analyses of the human rights situation in different regions.

Though the analyses were met with both interest and acknowledgement,

the question arose as to how to apply the principles in practice. How

could structures and organisations be established for human rights to

become an active part of society?

The question was indeed a challenging one. In Denmark, the

development of a democracy had been fundamentally different from the

situation found in many of the newly established democracies in

developing countries. DCHR could therefore merely provide fragments

of a pattern but no fully fledged solutions. As a result of this, an open and

experimenting dialogue was effected between DCHR and local partners.

The initiation of DCHR partnership programmes took place at a time

where the international human rights environment was shifting its focus

and a new agenda was fostered. This agenda has three leading principles:

The first principle is the implementation of human rights. The UN

World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna in 1993 endorsed the

historically unique Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action which

focuses on international and national implementation mechanisms. As

from the signing of the UN World Declaration of Human Rights in 1948,

the emphasis had primarily been on the establishment and consolidation

of international norms and conventions. The Vienna Declaration

represents an international landmark in terms of translating these norms

into practice.

The second principle is the active role that human rights can play in

the prevention of conflicts. New conflict patterns have arisen since 1989,

and there is a need for stable solutions in especially the African and

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