le cinéma "a mijoté dans la casserole africaine" / Ansah ... - Africultures

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le cinéma "a mijoté dans la casserole africaine" / Ansah ... - Africultures

1.speaking to/ANSAH12f o c u sfilm and it’s taking much interest in it; distribution isgrowing slowly but very positively. I do hope that it cango around the world to get its proper share of the cake.How do you think we can overcome the Africanfilm distribution problem in Africa?About film distribution what I see is that quite anumber of the cinemas in Africa are not owned byAfricans and these foreign exhibitors do not care aboutwhat we might call the promotion of our own values, thediscovery of our own identity, getting back to our ownroots and so forth... Now that’s why I feel that Africangovernments should make conscious efforts to ensurethe film industry’s growth. I don’t see why laws cannotbe promulgated to establish a quota system in order toprotect and defend African films on their own market. Idon’t think distribution in Africa at this point in time canreally be achieved fairly by the African filmmakersthemselves. Governments must help the film industrybecause film is part and parcel of the developmentalapparatus of every nation. So film should be a priorityon every African government’s agenda.Do you think that dubbing could help filmcirculationin Africa?The question of dubbing is quite a vital issue thatmust be addressed seriously, of course it’s not cheap todub but here too, I think some concrete steps have got tobe taken as to how best individual governments aregoing to assist their local products be dubbed into otherlanguages, which will give them a wider circulation.I think video is becoming a new challenge inthe productions of images in Africa. As far asI know in Ghana there is a real explosion ofvideo and you yourself have had a recentexperience in this area.I must say that the explosion of video in Ghana tome is healthy; of course it comes with its negative aspectas well. Due to its low cost many people are ready toundertake without any preparation all kinds of filmswith very simple items and shortened scenarios. Nowalmost every week in Ghana there is a new film comingout. The good thing about it is that at least it’s helpingto reduce the vacuum created in African cinema. I don’tthink video in terms of quality can be compared to filmbut when there isn’t money and there rests an alternativewhich could also address the same issues I think Iwill try to encourage it. As you mentioned, I recently hadnuméro 3 /premier trimestrenumber 3 / first quarter1993to use the video medium to produce a film called Harvestat seventeen which is on teenage pregnancy. The questionof teenage pregnancy is quite a thorny issue all overAfrica if not all over the world. I was commissioned bythe national commission on culture after a workshop totry and address that issue and we came together,assembled the crew and within four weeks we had shotthis film. We did it in two languages, Akan and English,which has been well circulated especially at the targetgroups, teenagers and students. It has been quitesuccessful. Of course I do hope that video film willcontinue through education.Is the administration able to control this videoexplosion in terms of regulations fightingagainst piracy and guaranteeing the copyrightfor the producers and the distributors of videoprograms?Well, in the past three years I think theadministration of copyright in Ghana has grown fromstream to stream. For instance with music production inthis country the government through the copyrightadministration has started to put a stamp on cassettes toseal the opening side. That’s also an advertisement toeducate the public. Now if you buy any record withoutthe stamp as a seal, then you are buying a piratedcassette. Now I think this has really helped to reduce thepiracy problem in the country and this has also beendone to video cassettes as well. Of course even if inWestern countries people have not been able to clampdown completely on piracy but in Ghana I must recognizethat the government fights efficiently against thismisfortune.Don’t you feel that this video explosion couldbring pornography?Well, yes, you know a number of video producersdo not think about anything but money. Perhaps as weare talking now, people have been doing it but I know thelaw fights against it. I do hope that the producers whomight be seduced by this idea would think twice about it.Anyway the law will be there to discourage them.Did you attend the last Fespaco?Yes of course... Fespaco is no longer the propertyof Burkina Faso. It is the patrimony of the entirecontinent of Africa. The organizers are doing their bestto reduce the “ultra-francophony” of Fespaco and youcan see the growth of Anglophone people’s participation.

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