Les Nouvelles de Jérusalem sont une revue d'informations de l'École biblique et archéologique française de Jérusalem, 2 à 3 fois par an, elles donnent un aperçu des travaux en cours en exégèse comme en archéologie, ici à Jérusalem. En voici le premier numéro couleurs en ligne. Les articles alternent français et anglais.
The Nouvelles de Jérusalem is an information review of the École Biblique et Archéologique française de Jérusalem, 2-3 times a year, they give an overview of the work in progress in both exegesis and archeology, here in Jerusalem. Here is the first color edition online. Articles are sometimes in French sometimes in English.
This brief introduction is not a place where all the passages can mentioned. Let me just indicate some conclusions from Is 2. Light appears as a metaphor of knowledge. In the Scriptures knowledge is never purely speculative; it always conditions ethical behaviour. The already mentioned text of Is 2:5 speaks about the “light of Yhwh” in a parallel to Teaching, i.e. Torah. Nevertheless, in this very first verse one immediately understands that a single explanation is reductive, incomplete, and hence false. Does light stand for the moral law, the written Torah, ethical behaviour, or perhaps Yhwh Himself ? Moreover, we encounter this invitation to walk in the light in the context of speaking about the last days. It is therefore the light of the last day, when the world is transformed and God recognised by all the nations. What conclusions can one deduce from such a cluster of ideas? Since light is indeed a symbol, it cannot be pinned down just to one single abstract notion, instead its very function is to reveal the necessary connections between diverse realities. One “walking in the light of Yhwh” already participates in the wonders of the last days. Is 2:5 functions both as a promise and an exhortation. If I the reader follow the light, that is if I follow the Teaching, 6 Lettre aux amis de l’ÉBAF - N° 93 - Pâques2017
continue reading this book, the eschatological victory is at hand. From the diachronic perspective it is notable how the motif of light, since it crosses so many different cultures, makes it possible to juxtapose texts belonging to seemingly very distant traditions. Is 2:5-21 is a poem glorifying a day of royal victory and has parallels in the Neo-Assyrian literature. It is often the very presence of the glory of the divine king that made the enemies hide in the darkness. This mythological Near-Eastern topos of the victorious light is in Is 2 placed together with an eschatological vision and an ethical light. It is up to the reader to interpret this juxtaposition and draw the right conclusions. There is a war going on in which the light is victorious. “Walking in the light of Yhwh,” therefore, means participating in His victory. Ethics and the study of the word are put together with military victory, in all its seriousness and finality. The mythological motifs are elevated into the eschatological, apocalyptical, and universal perspective. myth, history, and eschatology. Since the symbols are universal they remain productive and are a preferable point around which to compose a unity from the texts belonging to such distant times. The symbol of light has the capacity to make into one realities that could otherwise seem quite distant, like ethics and military victory. Last but not least, because light means also the word, it serves to create a selfreferencing clue. This is the way in which the Book of Isaiah speaks about reading of the Book of Isaiah itself! Its function is nothing less than existentially involving the reader. He will gradually discover that this book is not about some distant past or distant future. Instead, exactly while he is reading this very book, he is reading about himself reading the book, about himself participating in the light and confronting the darkness. The power of the symbol is not just in the information it transmits, but in the things it does to the person who is exposed to it. Fr. Lukasz Popko, o.p. Lecturer Connections Light appears to be a means through which the unity of the Book is assured. It allows us to make typological connections between