stalinis gareSe

dspace.nplg.gov.ge

stalinis gareSe

# 37 / 28 ivnisi - 4 ivlisi / 2010

saqarTvelos narkotikuli respublika gv. 26

revolucia, kontrrevolucia da sagadasaxado kodeqsi gv. 33

interviu kaxa benduqiZesTan gv. 17

kadirovis arti gv. 20

afxazebi rusul fuls ar Tmoben gv. 24

saministroSi dabarebulebi gv. 39

sovietologia gv. 37

geSinodeT sakuTari vnebebis gv. 41

ra elis operas? gv. 44

fasi 2 lari

gv. 12

stalinis gareSe


nomerSi:

02 fosta

04 mokled

06 fotoreportaJi

07 vrclad

10 ori azri

gvWirdeba Tu ara

axalgazrdobisa da

sportis saministro?

gia xuroSvili vs leqso

maWavariani

12 mTavari Tema

gori stalinis Zeglis

gareSe

16 Tvalsazrisi

gundistani

mark maleni

17 interviu

biurokratiam mougo

xelisuflebas

kaxa benduqiZe

msoflio

19 Всем привет! Я в Твиттере

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

mezoblebi

20 kadirovis arti

22 sabWoTa warsuli

ukrainaSi

stalini ukrainaSi

konfliqtebi

24 afxazebi rusul fuls ar

Tmoben

Jurnalisturi gamoZieba

26 saqarTvelos narkotikuli

respublika

saubrebi liberalizmze

31 potenciuri

safrTxeebi qarTuli

memarcxeneobisTvis

ekonomika

33 revolucia,

kontrrevolucia da

sagadasaxado

kodeqsi

sazogadoeba

37 warsuli, romelic ar iqca

istoriad

# 37 / 28 ivnisi - 4 ivlisi / 2010

ganaTleba

39 saministroSi

dabarebulebi

samedicino Jurnali

`mkurnali.ji~

41 geSinodeT sakuTari

vnebebis

Tvalsazrisi

44 ra elis

operas?

sporti

45 maradonas

isini uyvars

sandro naveriani

46 vedrebis

dro

gio axvlediani

qalaqSi moxetiale kacis

Canawerebi

48 ukanaskneli

tramvai

kaxa Tolordava

garekanze:

stalinis gareSe

foto: marika qoCiaSvili

Jurnali `liberali~ gamoicema fond

`Ria sazogadoeba - saqarTvelos~

mxardaWeriT.

avtoris / avtorebis mier sainformacio

masalaSi gamoTqmuli mosazreba

ar gamoxatavs fondis `Ria

sazogadoeba-saqarTvelos~

pozicias. Sesabamisad, fondi ar aris

pasuxismgebeli masalis Sinaarsze.

The views, opinions and statements expressed

by the authors and those providing comments

are theirs only and do not necessarily reflect the

position of Open Society Georgia Foundation.

Therefore, the Open Society Georgia Foundation

is not responsible for the content of the

information material.

1

ilustracia TaTia nadareiSvili / wignis saxelosno


fosta www.liberali.ge

onkologiuri stigma

am statiaSi bevri ram kargad aris

Camoyalibebuli, magram ar aris erTi

mosazreba _ saqarTvelos onkologiis

nacionaluri centris momavali

ganviTarebis Sesaxeb. dReisaTvis

ganxilul yvela models aqvs

menejmentis motivaciis nakli. kargad

mogexsenebaT, imisaTvis, rom kerZo

interesma sazogadoebrivi interesis

gaTvaliswineba daiwyos, unda miaRwios

kerZo kapitalis garkveul mdgomareobas,

romlis miRwevasac saqarTvelos

pirobebSi didi dro dasWirdeba.

amasobaSi daikargeba onkologiurSi

dagrovili inteleqtualuri potenciali

(gansakuTrebiT Semcirebebis mtkivneul

procesSi), menejmentis kerZo interesze

orientirebuli motivaciis gamo.

dRevandeli mdgomareobis SenarCuneba

ar SeiZleba, vinaidan menejmentis

ekonomikurad gamarTlebuli motivacia

ar arsebobs. CamoTvlili mizezebiT

SeiZleba uari vTqvaT personalisaTvis

gadacemazec. arsebobs kidev erTi

modeli. saqarTvelos mTavroba, rogorc

saaqcio sazogadoeba a. RvamiCavas

saxelobis onkologiis nacionaluri

centris aqciaTa asi procentis

mflobeli, acxadebs, rom onkocentri

aris aramomgebiani (non-for-profit)

organizacia. am SemTxvevaSi:

onkocentris muSaobis procesSi

warmoqmnili mogeba rCeba misive miznebis

ganxorcielebisaTvis;

ar warmoiqmneba mogebis gadasaxadi;

aramomgebian (non-for-profit)

organizacias yovelTvis gacilebiT meti

daxmarebis miRebis SesaZlebloba aqvs

(daxmarebebi, grantebi);

aramomgebian (non-for-profit)

organizaciasTan ufro metad midian

TanamSromlobaze aseTive aramomgebiani

organizaciebi, romlebic wamyvan rols

asruleben Tanamedrove onkologiuri

mkurnalobis ganviTarebaSi.

magaliTad, amerikis kibos nacionaluri

instituti, romelTanac SeiZleba

gaimarTos molaparakeba Tanamedrove

kvleviTi centris organizebaSi

daxmarebaze (saqarTvelo, rogorc

amerikis strategiuli mokavSire

regionSi, rogorc amerikeli xalxis

gansakuTrebuli zrunvis obieqti,

evrokavSiri da sxv.);

saerTaSoriso daxmarebebs yovelTvis

mohyveba kontrolis daxvewili da

gamocdili meqanizmebi;

aramomgebian (non-for-profit)

organizaciaSi SesaZlebelia waxalisebisa

da kontrolis Siga resursebis da

damatebiTi, sazogadoebrivi meqanizmebis

ufro efeqturi amoqmedeba;

es yvelaferi gamoiwvevs onkologiur

momsaxurebaze fasebis Semcirebas jer

onkocentrSi, xolo Semdeg, mTlian

dargSi. savaraudoa, rom moyvanili

modelis zemoT arasrulad CamoTvlili

dadebiTi maxasiaTeblebi politikurad

momgebiania, Seqmnis menejmentis axal (swor)

motivacias da xels Seuwyobs saqarTveloSi

mosaxleobis onkologiuri momsaxurebis

da zogadad, onkologiis ganviTarebas.

pativiscemiT, arCil kapanaZe

onkologiis nacionaluri centris

radiaciuli onkologiis departamentis

eqimi

www.liberali.ge

saswrafod iyideba

`mersedesi~ `Jigulis~

nawilebiT!

imedi maqvs, rom mkiTxveli cxriliT

naTlad dainaxavs ganaTlebis sitemaSi

mimdinare bolodroindel cvlilebas da

SeamCnevs, saiT midis igi (maSinac ki, Tu

ar icis, rom lototroniT direqtorebis

arCeva, ramdenime welia, gauqmda). iqneb

yvelas ar moswondes marcxena svetSi

ganxorcielebuli iniciativebi, magram

marjvena svetSi imdenad avtoritarulia,

Znelia, misi momxre iyo. iqneb

jobda, `mersedesi~ isev `mersedesis~

nawilebiT Cagvenacvlebina, vidre ukan

davbrunebuliyaviT `Jigulisken~...

da sabWoTa ganaTlebis sistemidan

yvelaze cudi meTodebi ar gamogverCia.

mgoni, isev mogviwevs am gzis xelaxla

gavla, 2009 wlamde arsebulis xelaxla

danergva... ganaTlebis saministroSi

es gauTavebeli cvlilebebi sistemaSi

ramdenime Taobis ganaTlebasa da

momavalze savalalo kvals datovebs.

kana (Seumowmebeli), 25 ivnisi

www.liberali.ge

redaqtorebi: mTavari redaqtori Sorena SaverdaSvili /aRmasrulebeli redaqtori nino jafiaSvili / politika da saerTaSoriso ambebi sofo Waava / kavkasia da konfliqtebi

sofo bukia / Jurnalisturi gamoZieba beso kurtaniZe / sazogadoeba Tamar babuaZe / adamianis uflebebi da samarTali nino beqiSvili / axali ambebi naTia axalaSvili

Jurnalistebi: maia wiklauri, nino gogua, marika qoCiaSvili, eka WiTanava, rusudan fanoziSvili, anita Tvauri, Tamar faradaSvili, nino CimakaZe, rusudan ruxaZe,

nino robaqiZe, iago yuraSvili, naTia guliaSvili, daviT buxrikiZe

kontribucia: mark maleni, giorgi cxadaia, kaxa Tolordava, gio axvlediani, laSa buRaZe, sandro naveriani

redaqcia: foto-redaqtori levan xerxeuliZe / grafikuli dizaini Tornike lorTqifaniZe / redaqtor-stilisti nino svaniZe / koreqtori nino saiTiZe

gamomcemloba: proeqtis menejeri qeTi babunaSvili / proeqtis menejeris asistenti lela SubiTiZe / reklamis da gayidvebis direqtori Salva CubiniZe /

marketingi da sazogadoebasTan urTierToba naTia rusaZe / distributori zviad Sengelia

gamomcemeli: Sps `liberali~. misamarTi: Tbilisi 0162, faliaSvilis q. 108. tel.: (995 32) 232235, 233731, 912326. el-fosta: info@liberali.ge

sxva gamocemebi: `cxeli Sokoladi~, `cxeli Sokoladi _ literatura~, `biznesi: adamianebi, meTodebi, strategiebi~.

`liberalis~ saavtoro uflebebi daculia.

JurnalSi gamoqveynebuli masalebis nawilobrivi da/an mTliani gamoyeneba redaqciis Tanxmobis gareSe akrZalulia.

beWdva: stamba `favoriti~. misamarTi: Tbilisi, CubinaSvilis q. 50. tel.: (995 32) 95 19 52. www.phfavorite.ge

gamodis kviraSi erTxel, yovel orSabaTs. pirveli nomeri gamocemulia 2009 wlis maisSi. rekomendebuli sacalo fasi 2 lari.

www.liberali.ge ISSN 1987-7528

2 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


mokled saqarTvelo

rusul-amerikuli garigeba

savaldebulo

sarezervo

samsaxuri

samxedro sarezervo

samsaxuri 40 wlamde

asakis mamakacebisaTvis

kvlav savaldebulo

xdeba, 18-dRiani vada

ki 45 dRemde gaizrdeba.

am cvlilebebs `samxedro

sarezervo

samsaxuris~ Sesaxeb

kanonproeqti iTva-

rusulma da amerikulma navTobmompovebelma novorosiiskis sanapirosTan da tuafsesTan

kompaniebma `rosneftma~ da `Sevronma~ Savi zR- mdebareobs. ruseTis teritoriaze navTobis

vis dasavleT monakveTze navTobis saZiebo da saZieblad ucxoelTa mowvevas `rosneftis~

mopovebis samuSaoebTan dakavSirebiT miliar- xelmZRvaneli Savi zRvis reliefis sirTuliTa

ddolariani SeTanxmeba gaaformes. dokuments da teqnologiebis arqoniT xsnis, Tumca, jer-

xeli moskovTan axlos, novo ogariovoSi, jerobiT ar aris cnobili, ras miiRebs rusuli

putinis samTavrobo agarakze moewera da am mxare Tavis 2 sabadosTan amerikelebis daSvebis liswinebs, romelic

process, kompaniebis direqtorebis garda, sanacvlod.saqarTvelos sagareo saqmeTa sa- parlamentis biuros

maspinZelic eswreboda. SeTanxmebis TanaxministroSi acxadeben, rom maT xelT arsebu- sxdomaze gasul kviras

mad, `Sevroni~ ruseTis teritoriul wylebSi li informaciiT, navTobis moZiebis adgilad iyo inicirebuli. ka-

jer saZiebo samuSaoebs, Semdeg ki navTobis afxazeTi miTiTebuli ar aris, magram Tbilisi nonproeqtis avtorebi

mopovebas 2 WaburRilze daiwyebs, romlebic detalebs uSualod `SevronTan~ gaarkvevs.

arian deputatebi _

samson quTaTelaZe,

dausrulebeli dava

laSa Tordia da zviad

kukava.

kanonproeqti aseve

gasul kviras `gazpromma~ beloruss gazis deba centraluri

gansazRvravs samxe-

miwodeba Seumcira, Tavidan _ 15, Semdeg ki da dasavleT evrodro

Zalebis rezervis

60 procentiT. `gazpromSi~ acxadebdnen, rom pis nawils gazi _

kategoriebs, rezervis

bunebrivi airis sruli miwodebisTvis belo- ruseTidan mTlianad

formirebis, organizeruss

is 192 milioni aSS dolaris davalianeba importirebuli gazis

bis da gavlis safuZv-

unda gadaexada, rac bolo eqvsi Tvis ganma- daaxloebiT 20 procenti. `gazpromma~ evropelebs.vlobaSi daugrovda. am valis arsebobas minski lebi imiT daamSvida, rom Tu belorusi tran- amas garda, kanon-

Tavdapirvelad uaryofda. magram mogvianebiT, zits Sewyvets, ukrainis resurss gamoiyeneben, proeqtiT, samxedro

molaparakebebis Semdeg 178 milioni mainc ga- romelic mTlianad anazRaurebuli ar aqvT. sarezervo samsaxurSi

daixada. ruseTmac daadastura, rom davaliane- gazis Temaze arsebuli gaurkvevloba kvlav myof pirs samxedro

ba srulad daifara da gazis miwodebac aRdga. grZeldeba. axla minskSi acxadeben, rom ruseTs mosamsaxuris statusi

ruseTis sanqciebma evropelebic SeaSina. satranzito gadasaxadi aqvs gadasaxdeli, rasac eqneba.

ruseTidan swored belorusis gavliT miewo- rusuli mxare ar aRiarebs.

ricxvebi 10 milioni lariT azarala 65 trilion aSS dolars iTxovs CrdiloeTi

kaxeTi stiqiam.

korea aSS-sgan zaralis anazRaurebisTvis.

4 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


saqarTvelo

de faqto boikoti

afxazeTisa da samxreTi oseTis separatistuli reJimebi Jenevis

molaparakebebs `droebiT~ eTiSebian. Tavdapirvelad es gadawyvetileba

soxumSi miiRes. Semdeg ki cxinvali daimuqra, rom

molaparakebebs Tavadac boikots gamoucxadebs, Tuki saerTa-

Soriso molaparakebaTa TanaTavmjdomareebi maT moTxovnas ar

daakmayofileben. es moTxovna ki kvlav Zalis gamouyeneblobis

SeTanxmebas exeba. molaparakebebis datovebis mizezad soxumi

gaero-s, euTo-sa da evrokavSiris araobieqtur damokidebulebas

da saerTaSoriso formatis araproduqciulobas asaxelebs.

maT ultimatumic wamoayenes, rom mxolod im SemTxvevaSi daubrundebian

molaparakebebis magidas, Tu TanaTavmjdomareebi

yvela mxaris winadadebebis Semcvel dokuments warmoadgenen

da SesaZlebeli gaxdeba Ria diskusia da debatebi. ultimatumis

konkretul vadebze soxumSi ar saubroben. cxinvalma ki

vada 12 ivlisamde misca mxareebs. `Tu cxinvalSi TanaTavmjdomareebis

morig Sexvedraze axal proeqts ar warmoadgenen,

Semdegi raundi aRar iqneba~, _ acxadebs de faqto prezidentis

sagangebo warmomadgeneli boris CoCievi da pasuxismgeblobasac

TanaTavmjdomareebs akisrebs. TbilisSi am qmedebebs moskovis

`tradiciul SantaJs~ uwodeben. `ruseTs Jenevis molaparakebebis

mokvla surs~, _ ganacxada saqarTvelos prezidentma.

trampi saqarTveloSi

amerikeli miliarderi donald trampi

saqarTveloSi investiciebis Cadebas

gegmavs. misi kompaniis The Trump

Organization-is aRmasrulebeli viceprezidenti

maikl koeni Tbilissa da

baTumSi imyofeboda. The Trump Organization

saqarTveloSi Silk Road Group-Tan

awarmoebs molaparakebebs. Tumca, arc

qarTuli mxare da arc koeni am urTier-

Tobebisa da im adgilis Sesaxeb, sadac investiciebis Cadebas

apireben, ar saubroben. Silk Road Group-s trampTan Sexvedris

saSualeba aprilSi, prezidentis aSS-Si yofnis dros miecaT.

aseTive molaparakebebi mimdinareobs las vegasis kazinoebis

magnat stiv vinTan. Tumca, am molaparakebebis Sesaxeb detalebi

ar xmaurdeba. koenma aRniSna, rom kavkasiaSi biznesis keTeba

`axali ram~ ar aris trampisTvis, romelsac investiciebi mTel

msoflioSi aqvs. saqarTvelosTan yvelaze axlos trampis

mier ganxorcielebuli investicia stambolSi, 40-sarTuliani

mravalfunqciuri kompleqsia. saqarTveloSi biznesis dawyebas

donald trampis yofili meuRle ivana trampic gegmavs. igi

TbilisSi gasuli wlis dekemberSi Camovida da qveynis pirvel

pirsac Sexvda.

citatebi

`dRes visesxe fuli megobrebisgan da sul male

vals gadagixdiT. magram Zalian samwuxaroa, rom

es fuli ucxoebisgan unda mesesxa imis gamo, rom

ruseTs ar SeuZlia ori kvira moicados~.

aleqsandr lukaSenko

22 ivnisi, minski

`es aris mTavroba [saqarTvelos], romelic

efuZneba mudmiv ganaxlebas, da aseve mudmivad,

Tundac mcire dozebiT, magram axali sisxlis

SeSvebas da SeSxapunebas~.

mixeil saakaSvili

25 ivnisi, Tbilisi

`ruseTi vaWrobis msoflio organizaciis wevri

unda gaxdes. es xelsayrelia ruseTisTvis,

es xelsayrelia aSS-sTvis, es xelsayrelia

yvelasTvis~.

barak obama

24 ivnisi, vaSingtoni

`CeCneTis prezidentma ramzan kadirovma fsiqiatrs

unda mimarTos da ukrainis saSinao saqmeebSi

Carevasa da Tavisi Sefasebebis gakeTebas Tavi unda

daanebos~.

anatoli gricenko - ukrainis umaRlesi radis

Tavdacvisa da nacionaluri usafrTxoebis

komitetis Tavmjdomare

25 ivnisi, kievi

mokled

4.5 procentiT gaizarda mSp pirvel kvartalSi saqar- 45 dRemde gaizrdeba savaldebulo sarezervo

TveloSi.

samsaxuri saqarTveloSi.

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

5


foto

wyaldidoba TbilisSi

19 ivniss Zlieri wvimis gamo, TbilisSi ramdenime ubani daitbora. gldani-naZaladevis raionSi, yofili manqanebis

bazrobis teritoriaze, quCis mTel Cayolebaze manqanebi saaTze met xans uZravad idgnen.

qarma moglija ramdenime xe, datbora saniaRvre arxebi.

wyaldidobas im adamianebmac ver aarides Tavi, vinc sacobebisgan Tavis dasacavad metroTi gadawyvita mgzavroba.

ramdenime metros sadgurSi wvimis wyali Sevarda da sadgurebi daiketa. daitbora metro `axmetelis~ garSemo

mdebare miwisqveSa gadasasvlelebic.

mgzavrebis da gamyidvelebis panikam wvimis gadaRebis Semdeg iklo, Tumca saxlSi misulebs kidev erTi siurprizi

elodaT _ korpusebTan trotuarebi setyvas TeTrad daefara.

6 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


vrclad

protesti skandalisa

da provokaciebis gareSe

2000-ianelTa Taobis mxatvrebma gamofenaze `Soris~ TavianTi deromantizirebuli

xelovneba warmoadgines, rogorc TviTon amboben _ xelovneba makiaJis gareSe.

nino CimakaZe

23 wlis natali nebieriZem saku-

Tari mSoblebis, aseve mxatvrebis

namuSevrebi aiRo da mamis meZavsa da

dedis angelozebs sakuTari saxe gadaaxata.

rogorc ambobs, palimfsestis

stilSi Sesrulebuli am naxatiT

man gamoTqva protesti mSoblebis

TaobaSi arsebuli infantilizmisa da

gauazrebeli kulturuli gavlenebis

winaaRmdeg, romelic kritikuli

azrovnebis Camoyalibebasa da kultebis

ngrevas uSlis xels.

natalis es naxati, 11 sxva namu-

SevarTan erTad, galerea #9-Si gamoifina,

sadac 23 ivniss e.w. 2000-ianelTa

Taobis mxatvrebis gamofena

`Soris~ gaixsna.

kliSeebisgan Tavisufali da

socialurad aqtiuri xelovneba _

ase SeiZleba Sefasdes koncefcia,

romelic aq warmodgenil namuSevrebs

aerTianebT.

saprotesto Sinaarsis miuxedavad,

gamofenis forma skandaluri ar yofila.

avtorebi Seecadnen, aqtualuri

problemebi tradiciuli formiT

gadmoecaT da amisTvis gamoiyenes

ara performansebis xerxi, aramed

kedlis sibrtye, zeTis saRebavi,

fanqari, akrili da foto. amiT maT

kidev erT problemaze, Tanamedrove

xelovnebisadmi stereotipul damokidebulebaze

gaamaxviles yuradReba:

`modian winaswar gamzadebuli

azriT, rom aq aucileblad skandalur

performanss naxaven. Tumca,

Tanamedrove xelovneba ar niSnavs

maincdamainc romelime konkretuli

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

formis gamoyenebas an provokacias,

gvinda, rom am kitCuri damokidebulebisgan

gavTavisufldeT~, _

aRniSnavs gamofenis monawile da

kuratori qeTo logua.

mis namuSevarze londonis White

Cube-is galerea organzomilebian

ferwerul namuSevrad aris warmodgenili.

rogorc Tavad ambobs, erTi

ganzomilebis gamokleba erTgvari

protestia imis mimarT, Tu rogor

Wams namuSevrebis ideas Tanamedrove

galereebSi sivrceze da garemoze

aqcentireba.

namuSevarTa did nawilSi mkveTrad

gamoxatuli memarcxene msoflmxedveloba

dominirebs. aq vxvdebiT

dokumentur fotomasalas, romelic

2009 wels JenevaSi msoflio savaWro

Tekla aslaniSvilis namuSevari `Tekla~. gamofena `Soris~,

galerea N9, Tbilisi, 23 ivnisi 2010

organizaciis sawinaaRmdego demonstraciebis

Sedegebs asaxavs (avtori

melano soxaZe). sareklamo banerebis

Camsxvreuli vitrinebi erTgvar

kontrasts qmnis SuSis miRma momRimar,

bednier adamianebsa da mis aqeT

arsebul realobas Soris.

antikapitalisturi muxti igrZnoba

Tekla aslaniSvilis namuSevarSic,

saxelwodebiT _ `Tekla~. Teklas

portretebi, romlebic 40 sxvadasxva

mxatvris mieraa Sesrulebuli, gamofenaze

erT did tilodaa gaer-

Tianebuli. am SemTxvevaSi, protesti

mxatvrebis brendirebis da komercializaciis

winaaRmdegaa mimarTuli:

`mxatvris saxeli sul ufro

metad iZens logotipis funqciebs

da sul ufro naklebad gansxvavde-

7

foto levan xerxeuliZe


vrclad

ba iseTi brendebisgan, rogoricaa

`naiki~ an `adidasi~. rac ufro

farTovdeba es brendi, miT ufro

daclilia mis ukan mdgomi produqcia

Sinaarsisagan da sazogadoebac

da kritikosebic naklebad kritikulni

xdebian mis mimarT~, _ ambobs

aslaniSvili.

komercializacias da kapitalistur

art-markets upirispirdeba

giorgi kevliSvilis namuSevaric

_ `cxrili 2~. giorgi monawileTa

Soris yvelaze ufrosia da ramdenime

maTgans samxatvro akademiaSic

aswavlida:

`ra Tqma unda, bazris kanonebs

gverds mTlianad ver avuvliT,

magram rac unda xmamaRla JRerdes,

xelovnebis daniSnuleba mainc

WeSmaritebis Ziebaa da ara bazarze

adgilis damkvidreba~, _ aRniSnavs

kevliSvili.

giorgis studentebs _ qeTo

loguas, natali nebieriZes, Tekla

aslaniSvils da daviT kuxalaSvils,

romlebic samxatvro akademiaSi swavlis

dros iq arsebul ganaTlebis

sistemas da swavlebis meTodebs

aprotestebdnen, akademiam diplomebi

ar misca. amis oficialur

mizezad kreditebis arasakmarisi

raodenoba daasaxeles. Tumca,

axalgazrdebis azriT, realuri

mizezi swored maTi Riad dafiqsirebuli

pozicia iyo. kevliSvili ki,

romelic 2 wlis manZilze vizualuri

xelovnebis saxelosnos xelmZRvanelobda

da axali midgomebis

danergvas cdilobda, akademiidan

axsna-ganmartebis gareSe gaaTavisufles.

saprotesto muxti da axali

gzebis Zieba gamofenaze monawile

yvela mxatvars aerTianebs. amjerad

maTTvis erT-erTi mniSvnelovani

koncefciaa xelovnebis deromantizacia

da demiTologizacia _

rodesac xelovneba makiaJis funqcias

ki ar Seasrulebs, aramed

realobas asaxavs da Tavadac axali

realobis Semqmneli gaxdeba.

mosalodneli

da moulodneli

samTavrobo cvlilebebi

sami axali ministri, prezidentis administraciis axali

xelmZRvaneli da misi moadgile, aseve sagareo saqmeTa

ministris axali moadgile da erTic axali saministro

_ aseTia ramdenimekviriani mosalodneli samTavrobo

cvlilebebi.

naTia axalaSvili

axal postebze wardgenilTa

umravlesoba sazogadoebisTvis

ukve kargad nacnobi xalxia. `axali

sisxli~ ki mTavrobaSi ekonomikis

axali ministri da sagareo saqmeTa

ministris axali moadgile iqnebian.

ekonomikis ganviTarebis saministros

saxeli ukve meored Seecvleba

da ekonomikisa da mdgradi ganviTarebis

saministro daerqmeva. mas kanadidan

saqarTveloSi dabrunebuli

vera qobalia uxelmZRvanelebs. prezidentma

wardgenisas vera qobalias,

vankuverSi misi ojaxis puris cxobis

biznesis gamo, `Zalian warmatebuli

businesswoman~ uwoda.

mTavrobaSi calke Seiqmneba axalgazrdobisa

da sportis saministro,

romelsac Sida qarTlSi prezidentis

yofili rwmunebuli lado varZelaSvili

uxelmZRvanelebs. vin daikavebs

mis adgils, jerjerobiT ucnobia.

axali ufrosi da moadgile eyoleba

prezidentis administraciasac

_ daviT tyeSelaSvili, misi moadgile

ki telekompania `rusTavi2~-is

sainformacio samsaxuris xelmZRvaneli,

Jurnalisti irma nadiraSvili

gaxdeba.

tyeSelaSvilis adgils, rogorc

winaswar vrceldeboda informacia,

sagzao departamentis xelmZRvaneli

ramaz nikolaiSvili daikavebs.

prezidentis administraciis yofili

ufrosi Temur janaSia saxelmwifo

dacvis samsaxurs Caudgeba

saTaveSi.

prezidentma waradgina sagareo

saqmeTa ministris axali moadgile

Tornike gordaZec, romelic bolo

15-16 weli safrangeTSi cxovrobda.

saakaSvilma gordaZe `parizSi Zalian

cnobil da warmatebul politologad~

daaxasiaTa. axali moadgile

sagareo uwyebaSi `evropul mimarTulebas~

uxelmZRvanelebs. aqamde is

anatoliis kvlevis franguli institutis

kavkasiis centris direqtori

iyo.

prezidentma gadadgomis Semdeg

Seaqo ekonomikis ukve yofili ministri

zurab pololikaSvili, Tumca,

aRniSna, rom `mTavroba, romelic

efuZneba kadrebis stabilurobas,

aseve efuZneba adamianebis rezultatiT

Sefasebas... Tu adamiani rezultats

konkretuli mimarTulebiT ver

aRwevs, is aucileblad unda iyos

gadasrolili sxva mimarTulebaze~.

imis gamo, rom ukanaskneli cvlilebebiT,

bolo dros ministrebis

saerTo raodenobam kabinetis sruli

Semadgenlobis 1/3-s gadaaWarba,

mTavrobisa da misi programis

damtkiceba parlaments am kviraSi

mouwevs.

8 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


ori azri

momxre

gia xuroSvili

mTavrobis saparlamento mdivani

axali saministros Seqmna niSnavs uwyebis

Seqmnas, romelsac eqneba ufleba, Seqmnas

konkretuli politika konkretuli mimar-

TulebiT. sportis ganviTareba aris saxelmwifos

prioriteti, sporti ki qarTuli

sazogadoebis sijansaRe, ganviTareba

da iseTi problemebis daZlevaa, rogoricaa

magaliTad narkomania. am saministros

dafuZnebiT kidev ufro meti yuradReba

mieqceva sports da meti dafinanseba gamoiyofa

am sferos ganviTarebisTvis.

axali saministro xels Seuwyobs axalgazrdebisTvis

sxvadasxva saganmanaTleblo

Tu socialuri programebis ganviTarebas.

xelisuflebis mTavari prioriteti

dRes axalgazrda Taobis maqsimaluri

daxmarebaa, axalgazrda kvalificiuri

kadrebis mozidva. unda arsebobdes mkafiod

Camoyalibebuli politika rogorc

parlamentis doneze, aseve am politikis

Sesrulebis meqanizmebi ufro maRali rwmunebis

saministros SigniT. swored aman

ganapiroba dRemde moqmedi departamentis

saministrod gadakeTeba.

prezidentmac axsena, rom Zalian bevri

adamiani wavaxaliseT da maTi swavla ucxoeTSi

saxelmwifom daafinansa. es adamianebi

axali codniT da axali gamocdilebiT brundebian

saqarTveloSi. maRali kvalifikaciis

mqone axalgazrda kadrebiT Canacvlebis

procesi mudmivad unda grZeldebodes, radgan,

bunebrivia, Cven ar varT qveyana, romelic

icxovrebs almasebiT. Cveni erTaderTi

gadarCenis saSualebaa kvalificiuri Taoba

da mkafiod Camoyalibebuli politika momavali

Taobis aRzrdis saqmeSi.

uSualod politikis ganxorcielebaze

pasuxismgebeli ministri iqneba da amitom

davelodoT am saministros Camoyalibebas.

ministri gagvacnobs im mimarTulebebs,

razec apirebs aqcentis gakeTebas. am

saministros kompetenciaSi Seva patriot-

Ta banakebic da sxva sakiTxebi, rac axalgazrdebs

SeexebaT.

gvWirdeba Tu ara

da sportis s

axali saministro xels Seuwyobs

axalgazrdebisTvis sxvadasxva

saganmanaTleblo Tu socialuri

programebis ganviTarebas.

xelisuflebis mTavari prioriteti

dRes axalgazrda Taobis maqsimaluri

daxmarebaa.

10 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


axalgazrdobisa

aministro?

qveyanaSi arsebul ramdenime iseT

saministros, romelic mxolod da

mxolod erisa da mamulis winaSe

Rvawlmosil pirTa dasasaqmeblad an

evropel partniorebTan Tavis mowonebis

mizniT aris Seqmnili, kidev erTi msgavsi

dawesebuleba Seemata.

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

foto salome jaSi

mowinaaRmdege

leqso maWavariani

ori azri

Cemi mokrZalebuli azriT, ramdenime iseT

saministros, romelic mxolod da mxolod

erisa da mamulis winaSe Rvawlmosil pirTa

dasasaqmeblad an evropel partniorebTan

Tavis mowonebis mizniT aris Seqmnili, kidev

erTi msgavsi dawesebuleba Seemata, romlis

daniSnulebac gadasaxadebis gadamxdelTa fuliT

im saqmianobis ganxorcieleba iqneba, romelsac,

saxelmwifos mxridan Sesabamisi samar-

Tlebrivi xelSewyobiT, wesiT, kerZo biznesi

unda afinansebdes.

Cemi gakvirveba imanac gamoiwvia, rom b-nma

prezidentma sakuTari gadawyvetileba axalgazrdobis

saqmeTa specialuri saministros

Seqmnis Sesaxeb sabWoTa memkvidreobisgan

ganTavisuflebisken swrafvis gamomxatveli

iseTi qmedebis Semdeg gaaxmaura, rogoricaa

stalinis Zeglis demontaJi. orueliseul

saministroebTan asociaciebs Tavi rom davaneboT,

cota ar iyos da, gaugebaria, ratom

unda ereodes saxelmwifo axalgazrdebis saqmeebSi,

Tu misi mizani axalgazrdobaSi sasurveli

ideologiis danergva ar aris; ra daa-

Saves qveynis saSualo asakis da xandazmulma

moqalaqeebma, SevqmnaT maTTvisac analogiuri

saministroebi? samwuxaroa, rom pirovneba,

romelsac yvelaze ufro meti SesaZlebloba

da, rac mTavaria, sakmarisi niWi aqvs imisTvis,

rom yvelanairad Seuwyos xeli progress saxelmwifoSi,

amdenad araTanmimdevrulia saku-

Tar qmedebebSi.

saministros Seqmnis Sesaxeb gadawyvetileba

axali miRebulia. jerjerobiT sajarod ar

gancxadebula misi miznebi da funqciebi, da

arc ministrs ar warmoudgenia sakuTari samoqmedo

programa. Tumca, xelisuflebis mier

bolo periodSi lobirebadi tendenciebis da

struqturis axlad daniSnuli xelmZRvanelis

warsuli saqmianobis gaTvaliswinebiT, vfiqrob,

rom uaxloes momavalSi unda velodoT

axalgazrdebs Soris samarxvo kulturis

TvalsaCino warmomadgenlebis Semdgom popularizacias

da mizanmimarTul svlas win _ sabWoTa

warsulisken.

11


mTavari Tema

reportaJi

stalinis

gareSe

stalini samuzeumo eqsponatad

iqceva.

eka WiTanava

stalinis Zeglis demontaJi, gori, 25 ivnisi, 2010

12 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


ebraeli turisti jonaTan holi

gorSi ramdenime dRis win Cavida.

yvelaze metad mTavari moednis da-

Tvaliereba da stalinis ZeglisTvis

fotoebis gadaReba undoda. Tumca,

im dRes ver moaswro, radgan bakurianSi

gaemgzavra. ifiqra, Zegli arsad

gaiqceva, gorSi xval davbrundebi

da Zeglsac mere gadaviRebo. Tumca,

turists qandakeba gamqrali daxvda.

`gaocebuli vuyurebdi cariel kvarcxlbeks.

ar miyvars stalini, magram

misi qandakeba qalaqis RirsSesaniSnaoba

iyo~, _ ambobs jonaTan holi.

kulturis saministros gadawyvetilebiT,

stalinis eqvsmetriani brinjaos

qandakebis adgilas 2008 wlis

ruseT-saqarTvelos omsa da stalinuri

represiebis dros daRupul adamianTa

memoriali aRimarTeba. `maxinj

kerpebs ar unda hqondeT adgili damoukidebel,

Tavisufal qveyanaSi~, _

ganacxada kulturis ministrma nika

ruruam.

qandakebis aReba 25 ivniss Ramis pirvel

saaTze daiwyes. gorelebisTvis es

sruliad moulodneli iyo. mTavari

moednis garSemo ZiriTadad maRaziebi

da kafeebia ganlagebuli, amitom

stalinis Zeglis aRebis ambavi qalaqis

mosaxleobis absoluturma umravlesobam

mxolod meore diliT gaigo. im

RamiT ki, sapatrulo policiis mier

gadaketil moedanze Sekrebil 100mde

moqalaqes Soris xelisuflebis

warmomadgenlebi Warbobdnen. swored

isini daemSvidobnen beladis Zegls Se-

ZaxiliT: `Zirs satana!~

procesis firze aRbeWdvas TiToorola

Jurnalisti cdilobda, maT

Soris iyo telekompania `TrialeTis~

gadamRebi jgufic. Jurnalisti lado

biWaSvili Zeglis aRebiT ukmayofilo

mosaxleobas esaubreboda maSin,

roca samoqalaqo formaSi Cacmulma

pirebma operators, imeda gogolaZes

kamera waarTves da or mxares Soris

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

Sexla-Semoxla gaimarTa. incidents

Tvalyurs adevnebda goris samxareo

policiis ufrosic. rogorc lado

biWaSvili hyveba, policiis maRal-

Cinosanma Jurnalistebi daamSvida,

ris Semdegac `TrialeTis~ warmomadgenlebs

kamera da kaseta daubrunes,

oRond Sexla-Semoxlis amsaxveli kadrebi

ukve waSlili iyo.

aseTi konspiraciis gamo, istoriuli

movlena _ agvistos omis dros dabombil

qalaqSi didi beladis Zeglis

demontaJi _ saidumlo operacias daemsgavsa.

oriode saaTis Semdeg TokebiT

Camoxsnili 6-metriani Zegli ukve

satvirTo manqanis sabargulze ido da

gaurkveveli mimarTulebiT mihqondaT.

stalinis kvali swored am momentidan

daikarga. diliT moedanze

Sekrebil `komunisturi partiis~ warmomadgenlebs

ki, Zeglis nacvlad,

cxrametriani kvarcxlbeki da ori gadaRunuli

armaturaRa daxvdaT.

roca SuadRisas gorSi Casulma

`liberalis~ Jurnalistebma stalinis

Zeglis adgilsamyofeli vikiTxeT,

yvelam mxrebi aiCeCa, _ `aba, ra viciT,

CvenTvis arc misi Camogdebis nebarTva

uTxoviaT, da arc is viciT, momavalSi

ras upireben~, _ ambobdnen goris macxovreblebi.

Zeglis adgilsamyofels qalaqis

sakrebulo da gamgeoba mTeli dRis

ganmavlobaSi saguldagulod malavda.

`araferi viciT, gamgeblis moadgile

araa samsaxurSi~, _ acxadebda

gamgeblis pressamsaxuris warmomadgeneli.

`me rom raime giTxraT, mogatyuebT,

sakrebulos Tavmjdomares

ki ver vukavSirdebi~, _ gvimeorebdnen

sakrebuloSi.

parlamentis wevris, petre ciskariSvilis

versiiT ki, Zegli naSuadRevs

ukve stalinis saxelmwifo muzeum-

Si unda yofiliyo. Tumca amis Sesaxeb

Tavad mezeumis TanamSromlebma Jur-

mTavari Tema

nalistebisgan Seityves.

muzeumis samecniero-kvleviTi samsaxuris

xelmZRvanelma mzia naoWa-

Svilma ezoSi is ori buCqi gviCvena,

romelTa Sorisac stalinis Zegli

restavraciis Semdeg unda dadgan. `ar

momwons, rom Zegli mTavari moednidan

waiRes, Tumca vemorCilebi xelisuflebis

gadawyvetilebas. maT ukeT

ician, rogor jobia!~

paralelurad meore versiac gavrcelda,

romlis mixedviTac, Zegli

karaleTis asfaltis qarxanaSi unda

gadaetanaT. Tumca, beladis qandakeba

arc iq aRmoCnda. `ukve davWeriT da

davinawileT~, _ xumrobdnen `birJaze~

gamosuli gorelebi. kidev ramdenime

mcdari signalis Semdeg ukve danamdvilebiT

gairkva, rom qandakeba policiis

ezoSi iyo Caketili. mTavrobis

gadawyvetilebiT, es faqti ar unda

gaxmaurebuliyo da, gaugebari motiviT,

`sapatio patimari~ arc erT Jurnalists

ar unda enaxa.

gorSi mTeli dRis ganmavlobaSi simSvide

iyo. Zeglis demontaJs ZiriTadad

komunisturi partiis mxardamWerebi

aprotestebdnen da swored maTi

iniciativiT qalaqis mTavar moedanze

6 saaTisTvis aqciac daigegma. Tumca,

daaxloebiT 7-is xuT wuTze trotuarTan

SavebSi Cacmuli oTxi adamiani

gamoCnda, Semdeg maT kidev ori demonstranti

Seemata da yvelani er-

Tad protestis niSnad kvarcxlbekTan

Camosxdnen. `ar vici, ratom ar SemogvierTdnen~,

_ xelebi gaasavsava Sav

kabaSi Cacmulma stalinis erT-erTma

Tayvanismcemelma, romelsac gulze

misi suraTi hqonda mimagrebuli. `isev

aq unda daabrunon, is CemTvis Zalian

bevr rames niSnavs. stalini marto

beladi ki ar iyo, aramed RmerTi! yovelTvis,

roca gavivlidi misi Zeglis

win, vexvewebodi, _ soso, Sens sulsa

vTxov, rodis SegvaerTeb ruseTTan~,

_ acxadebda komunisturi partiis we-

13


mTavari Tema

vri mayvala SatakiSvili da cxvirsaxociT

cremlian Tvalebs iwmendda.

goris axalgazrdoba beladis Zeglis

Camoxsnas gulgrilad Sexvda.

`Cemi azriT, kargad moiqcnen, rom

waiRes, qalaqis centrSi diqtatoris

saxes ratom unda vuyuro yoveldRe~,

_ ambobda 23 wlis ana gamgebeli. `Tuki

muzeumSi gadaitanen, ara mgonia, vinme

winaaRmdegi iyos, ubralod ar mesmis,

ra saWiro iyo Zeglis Cumad CamoReba~,

_ `Ramis ritualis~ mizans verafriT

xsnida meore gogona.

stalins qandakeba gorSi 1952 wels,

sicocxleSive daudges. specialurad

am ZeglisTvis teritoria erTi wliT

adre moasufTaves da daangries mimdebare

Senobebi, maT Soris _ eklesiac.

Zeglis ganadgureba jer kidev 1961

wels nikita xruSCovma gadawyvita,

roca sabWoTa kavSirSi pirovnebis

kultis dagmobis kampania daiwyo. igive

scades 1980-90-ian wlebSi qarTuli

erovnuli moZraobis liderebmac,

Tumca goris mosaxleobis winaaRmdegobis

gamo, stalinis Zegli maSin gadarCa.

2008 wels Zeglis gadatanis idea ruseT-saqarTvelos

omis Semdeg momwifda.

`stalinis Camokvarcxlbekebis~

goris mTavari moedani, 25 ivnisi, 2010

stalinis Zeglis demontaJi, gori, 25 ivnisi, 2010

moTxovniT 2009 wlis agvistoSi, goris

centrSi studentebi gamovidnen

da qandakebas saRebavi Seasxes. sazogadoebaSi

stalinis kultis sawinaaRmdego

ganwyobis Seqmnas mizanmimarTulad

cdilobda `Tavisuflebis

institutis~ wevri levan ramiSvilic.

man socialur qsel `feisbuqze~ specialuri

gverdic Seqmna, romelSic

Zeglis Camogdebis 2000-mde momxre

gaerTianda. xelisuflebis nacvlad,

antistalinistur kampaniaSi swored

aseTi sainiciativo jgufebi aqtiurobdnen,

mTavrobis warmomadgenlebi ki

acxadebdnen, rom gadawyvetilebas referendumis

Semdeg miiRebdnen, radgan

ZeglisTvis saboloo ganaCeni swored

xalxs unda gamoetana.

Tumca, stalinis Zeglis Camoxsna,

rasac xelisufleba totalitarizmis

dangrevis simbolod afasebda, sazogadoebis

nawilisTvis moCvenebiTi

demokratiulobis niSnad iqca. istorikosi

laSa baqraZe maSin acxadebda:

`istoriaze uari ar unda vTqvaT, Zeglebis

Camogdebaze ufro Wkvianuri

iqneba, Tuki stalinizms Cvens gonebaSi

gadavlaxavT. es komunisturi midgomaa,

swored komunistebi cdilobdnen

imis gaqrobas, rac ar moswondaT~.

stalinis qandakebebis umetesoba

msoflioSi an aiRes, an saxe ucvales.

magaliTad, 1956 wels ungrelma

revolucionerebma budapeStSi misi

Zeglisgan mxolod Ceqma datoves. zogan

ki piriqiT, stalins damsaxurebebi

axla daufases da, magaliTad virjiniis

StatSi, Zegli mas sul ramdenime

dRis win, faSizmis winaaRmdeg brZolisTvis

aRumarTes.

„ar SeiZleba qveyanaSi erTdroulad

arsebobdes okupaciis muzeumi da im

xalxis Zeglebi, romelTa iniciativi-

Tac saqarTveloSi saokupacio armia

Semovida“, _ aseTi iyo prezident mixeil

saakaSvilis komentari stalinis

Zeglis gadatanis Semdeg. qandakebis

demontaJi Sefasda, rogorc totalitaruli

warsulis dasasruli. goris

mTavar moedanze stalinis Zegls male

axali simbolo Caanacvlebs.

14 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


misamarTi: abanos q. N 3

radio „nacnobi“ gepatiJebaT

klubSi „nacnobi“

tradiciuli qarTuli samzareulo

cocxali musika


Tvalsazrisi

gundistani

bevri dawerila imaze, rom fexbur-

Ti nacionalizmis dadebiTi, uvnebeli

gamoxatulebaa: ukeTesia datkbe fexburTis

yurebiT, romelsac wesebi da

msajebi aregulireben, vidre am kuTxiT

stadionis gareT gamoxato Tavi.

rac mawuxebs ki isaa, rom gunduri

mentaloba Cvens cxovrebas filtravs.

11 seqtembris teraqtis Semdeg, 2001

wels amerikaSi erTianobis Zlieri gr-

Znoba warmoiSva, romelmac, nawilobriv

amerikis geografiuli mdebareobis

gamo, nawilobriv ki oportunistuli

da agresiuli politikuri liderebis

meSveobiT, gadagvawyvetina, rom

wavsuliyaviT omSi nebismieri

Zalis Tu adamianis winaaRmdeg,

vinc Cvens fsiqologiaSi Tavdamsxmels

Secvlida. Cven amas

suleluri saxeli davarqviT _

„omi terorizmTan“.

gundebi saqarTveloSic Zalian

Zlieria. maxsendeba is

dro, rodesac Cems qarTvel meuRlesa

da me umcrosi Svili gagviCnda. Cemi

meuRlis megobrebi modiodnen mis sanaxavad.

bavSvi ramdenime kviris rom Sesrulda,

ukve gvekiTxebodnen: qarTvelia,

Tu amerikeli? maxsovs, ra ucnauri

iyo CemTvis es impulsi _ Cvili bavSvis

amgvari kategorizacia. sinamdvileSi,

es iyo gundurobis principi.

rodesac pirvelad Camovedi saqar-

TveloSi, 1997 wlis dasawyisSi, xalxi

bevrs saubrobda qarTul erovnul ideologiaze.

Tu saqarTvelo diadi eri da

saxelmwifoa, mas undoda Tavisi saku-

Tari da ara sxvisi ideologia. qarTvelebi

yovelTvis zemodan uyurebdnen im

enebs, romlebsac sakuTari damwerloba

ar gaaCniaT da quCaSi xetiali uwevT

msoflio Cempionatma gundebze damafiqra. gaxarebuli viyavi, rodesac aSS-m alJirs

mougo. Cemi cxovrebis naxevari amerikis gareT gavatare da „mayureblebiani sportis“

mimarT naklebi interesi maqvs, fexburTis mimarT _ yvelaze naklebi. ratom gvizidavs

gundebi?

mark maleni

damwerlobis mosaZebnad, imis nacvlad,

rom Tavidanve mohyveT auTenturi damwerloba.

erTi periodi zogierTebs

ideologiis mimarTac msgavsi grZnobebi

hqondaT. ar hqonda mniSvneloba, es

ideologia saukeTeso iyo, ergeboda Tu

ara realobas da a.S. is unda yofiliyo

mxolod da mxolod Cveni _ qarTuli.

es yvelaferi dakavSirebulia megobrobasTanac.

megobrobis da loialurobis

jaWvebi saqarTveloSi Zalze

mtkicea. megobrebisgan elian, rom isini

aramegobrebs megobrebs arCeven. ra

Tqma unda, amas bneli mxarec aqvs da

xandaxan zedmeti sicxade, riTac

gundebi xelmZRvaneloben, realobas

zedmetad amartivebs, imaze metad,

vidre misi gamartiveba SeiZleba.

bevri adamiani amis gamo cixeSi zis. Tu

megobrebi gexmarebian samsaxuris moZebnaSi,

Wkvianuri xom ar aris, bevri megobari

gyavdes, an erTi da gavleniani,

vidre iswavlo da bejiTad imuSao? swavla

da muSaoba ras mogvitans?

amgvari damokidebuleba politika-

Sic iCens Tavs. bolo xanebamde xelisuflebis

wevrebs mkacrad hqondaT

gansazRvruli, Tu vin iyo maT gundSi.

isini Tvlidnen, rom vinc maT gundSi

ar iyo, mowinaaRmdegeTa gunds mieku-

Tvneboda. erTi kritikuli momenti

sakmarisi iyo, rom vinme gundidan gaegdoT.

bolo xanebSi es situacia, Cemi

azriT, gamosworebis gzazea da amis

mizezi bolo arCevnebSi xelisuflebis

warmatebaa. meore mxriv, arademokra-

tiuli opozicia Tvlis, rom mTavrobis

romelime politikis an gancxadebis

mxardamWeri erTi sityvac ki udris

Ralats da wiTel baraTs opoziciuri

gundisgan.

amas vxedav bevri qarTvelis damokidebulebaSic

amerikis sagareo politikis

mimarT. logika aseTia: „me var

qarTveli, anu antikomunisti, ese igi

antirusi. reigani iyo antikomunisti

da respublikeli. buSi cekvavda abanoTubanSi

da movwondiT, da isic iyo

respublikeli. da vin arian demokratebi?

ras akeTeben saerTod: irCeven vi-

Rac Sav kacs, romlis Sesaxebac

aravis araferi gaugia? isini

raRac damabnevelni arian. ar

iReben bevr suraTs miSasTan

erTad. sakmarisia CemTvis: me

respublikelebis mxares var!

`maRalCinosani yidulobs manqanis

nomers warweriT „makeini“,

rac fufunebis saqonelia.

amerikis politika da mTavrobis wevrebis,

gansakuTrebiT ministrebis, damokidebuleba

mis mimarT ufro rTuli

sakiTxia, vidre stadionze fexburTiT

tkboba.

Cven vaxdendiT Cveni Tavis organizebas

gundebSi, iqidan gamomdinare, rom

varT biologiuri arsebebi. gundebi

saqmes advilad asruleben, magram xandaxan

zedmeti sicxade, riTac gundebi

xelmZRvaneloben, realobas zedmetad

amartivebs, imaze metad, vidre misi gamartiveba

SeiZleba.

unda davrwmundeT, rom es sxvaoba

gundebis xasiaTTan dakavSirebiT kargad

gvesmis.

inglisuridan Targmna giorgi cxadaiam

16 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


interviu

biurokratiam mougo xelisuflebas

interviu Tavisufali universitetis damfuZnebelTan,

kaxa benduqiZesTan

ekonomikuri ganviTarebis yofili ministri da reformatorTa jgufis

xelmZRvaneli kaxa benduqiZe qveynis ekonomikuri politikis Sesaxeb.

gasul wels prezidentma sazogadoebas `ekonomikuri

Tavisuflebis aqti~ warudgina da dahpirda, rom 2011

wlisTvis saqarTveloSi gadasaxadebi daiklebda. axalma

sagadasaxado kodeqsma es perspeqtiva 2013 wlisTvis

gadawia, gaizarda dabegvris arealic. emxrobiT am gadawyvetilebas?

Cemi azriT, gadasaxadebis odenobis sakiTxi Zalian

principulia. arsebobs ori midgoma _ erTi is, rom

biujets rac SeiZleba meti fuli sWirdeba, da meore _

mTavrobam rac SeiZleba mcire Tanxebi unda gankargos.

2004 wlidan rom SevxedoT, CvenTan biujeti sami

faqtoris gamo izrdeboda. pirveli _ Semcirda gadasaxadebi,

ufro legaluri gaxda biznesi da mewarmeebma

gadaxda daiwyes; meore _ korufcia administrirebam Caanacvla

da fuli korumpirebuli biurokratis magivrad

biujetisken wavida, da mesame _ investiciebma laris

kursi gaamyara. Tu gvinda, rom biujeti kidev ufro gaizardos,

axla arsebobs ori gza _ an unda gavzardoT gadasaxadebi

da am gziT mosaxleobidan ufro meti fuli

avkrifoT, an gadasaxadebi ar gavzardoT da gaizardos

ekonomika, rac momavalSi kidev ufro met sagadasaxado

Semosavals Seitans biujetSi.

am ori SesaZlo variantidan Tqven romels aniWebdiT

upiratesobas?

me vTvli, rom dRes sakmarisad didi biujeti gvaqvs.

Tumca, yvela qveyana sxvadasxvanairad udgeba am sakiTxs.

1960 wlis dasawyisSi singapuri iyo wumpe, romelic

axlaxan gaTavisuflda britanelebis jarisgan. maTi

wasvlis Semdeg mosaxleobas darCa yazarmebi da patara

porti. singapuris mTavrobam gadawyvita, rom gadasaxadebi

maqsimalurad mcire hqonoda.

60-ian wlebSi msoflio bankis mier gakeTebuli prognozis

mixedviT, singapurs SeeZlo Srilankas ganviTarebis

donisTvis mieRwia. dRes singapuri Srilankaze

10-jer ufro SeZlebuli qveyanaa. es ar niSnavs, rom singapuris

mTavrobas Secdomebi ar dauSvia, magram dabali

gadasaxadebis efeqtma Secdomebi gadawona.

amerikasa da evropaSi gadasaxadebi 45 wlis winaT

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

erTnairi iyo. magram mere evropaSi SemoiRes damatebi-

Ti Rirebulebis gadasaxadi. viTom didi araferi _ jer

mcire iyo, magram nel-nela gaizarda. dRes sagadasaxado

tvirTi TiTqmis orjer ufro metia evropaSi, vidre amerikaSi.

amerikaSi dRg ar SemouRiaT. am qveynis ekonomika

ufro dinamikurad izrdeba da amerikelebi dRes ufro

mdidrebi arian. ar arsebobs zusti pasuxi _ dRevandeli

kvercxi jobia, Tu xvalindeli qaTami. Tu Zalian gSia,

dRevandeli kvercxia saWiro, magram xvalindeli qaTami

ufro metad fasobs.

moklevadiani efeqtis miRebis mizniT gadasaxadebis

gazrdis politikas, anu dRevandeli kvercxis Wamas,

dabali ekonomikuri zrda mohyveba.

biujetTan erTad gaizarda saministroebis xarjebic. Tqveni

azriT, iyo amis saWiroeba?

17


interviu

vTvli, rom xarjebis gazrda swori ar iyo. es moxda

imitom, rom xelisuflebas mougo biurokratiam.

biurokratiis Secvla SesaZlebelia, mocileba _

ara. Tumca, Secvlac araa martivi saqme. me vTvli, rom

xelisuflebas politikurma krizismac SeuSala xeli.

garkveulwilad gaimarjva dayvavebis ideam. xSirad ase

fiqroben _ biurokratia rom SevamciroT, ewyineba 100

kacs. me ki mgonia, rom mTavaria, ar ewyinos 4 milion

adamians. erTi zedmeti biurokrati niSnavs masTan

muSaobiT gamwarebul minimum 100 kacs da 10 dakargul

samuSao adgils kerZo seqtorSi.

roca ministrad muSaoba daviwye, axali TanamSromlebi

TiTqmis ar amiyvania, magram ekonomikis saministros

da saqveuwyebo dawesebulebebis TanamSromlebi samjer

Sevamcire. movida erTi kargi kaci da mekiTxeba, _ ratom

apirebT Cems gaSvebaso? diliT movdivar, kabinetSi

viketebi, Cemi saqme maqvs, qrTami arasdros amiRia, saministrosTan

kavSiri ar maqvs, me xom arafers vakeTebo?

vuTxari, rom swored amitom vuSvebdi, magram ver gaigo.

mTavroba liberaluri ekonomikuri kursidan gadaxvevas,

rogorc wesi, evrokavSiris rekomendaciebiT xsnis. Tqveni

azriT, ramdenad obieqturia es argumenti?

jer ar varT evropis nawili da sanam suvereniteti

gvaqvs, es upiratesoba unda gamoviyenoT. Tu Cven evropis

nawili gvinda viyoT, maSin sanacvlod, sargebelic

unda vnaxoT.

norvegiis erT-erT premier-ministrs hkiTxes, Tu ra

wyobaa mis qveyanaSi. man upasuxa: `Cven gvaqvs `faqsis

demokratia“ da ase axsna: dadebuli gvaqvs xelSekruleba

evrokavSirTan, rom Cveni kanonmdebloba unda iyos

harmonizebuli. briuselidan modis faqsi, rom miiRes

axali kanoni da is Cvenc unda miviRoT. gadawyvetileba

suverenul qveyanaze ki ar aris damokidebuli, aramed

faqsze.

Cven jer ar gvaqvs am `safaqso demokratiis“ danergvis

valdebuleba. Cveni muSaoba evrokavSirTan unda iyos

merkantiluri, am sityvis yvelaze cinikuri mniSvnelobiT.

kanoni qveyanas ise unda moergos, rogorc adamians _

sakuTari tansacmeli. Tu kanoni iqneba gadmowerili, is

ubralod ver imuSavebs. Cven SeiZleba wavideT daTmobaze,

magram raRac unda miviRoT amis sanacvlod.

SeiZleba Tu ara vTqvaT, rom axali sagadasaxado kodeqsi

evrokavSiris rekomendaciebs moarges?

sagadasaxado kodeqsi ar yofila evrokavSirTan

diskusiis sagani. ZiriTadi motivi gadasaxadis akrefis

administrirebis wesebis gamartiveba iyo. amas daemTxva

biujetis deficitic da axali gadasaxadebis SemoRebis

ideac.

es ori sxvadasxva cvlileba, finansTa saministros

gadawyvetilebiT, erTdroulad moxda. amjobines mTlianad

axali sagadasaxado kodeqsis miReba, sadac orive

faqtori iqneboda gaTvaliswinebuli.

pozitiuria, rom Semodis axali midgomebi, magaliTad,

rogoricaa winaswari SeTanxmeba. mewarmes SeuZlia mimarTos

finansTa saministros da misgan miiRos axsna, ra

gadasaxadebi unda gadaixados da rogor. am dokuments

eqneba iuridiuli Zala da sagadasaxado samsaxuri veRar

daajarimebs biznesmens imis gamo, rac winaswari SeTanxmebiT

ar aris gaTvaliswinebuli.

aseTi gadawyvetilebebi miiRebs normatiul xasiaTs da

yvela mewarmeze erTnairad gavrceldeba, rac aseve win

gadadgmuli nabijia. es reformaa, cxadia.

Cemi azriT, mTavrobis diskrecia sagadasaxado kodeqsSi

ufro metad unda SeizRudos da dakonkretdes,

magram axali midgomebi mainc pozitiuria.

irRveva Tu ara am midgomiT sagadasaxado Tanasworoba?

zogadad me vemxrobi erTgvarovan sistemas, sadac

gadasaxadi yvelasTvis erTnairia.

Cemi azriT, is SeRavaTebi, romelic dawesebulia da

axla uqmdeba, Tavidan ar unda dawesebuliyo, magram ar

vici, ramdenad sworia maTi axla gauqmeba. Cven gvyavs

120 000-ze meti studenti, romlebsac unda avuxsnaT, Tu

ratom unda daibegron.

Cven gvaqvs kerZo da sajaro umaRlesi saswavleblebi.

me is garemoeba mawuxebs, rom SeiZleba sajaro seqtors

es fuli ukan daubrunon, kerZos ki, cxadia, ar daubruneben.

es didi usindisoba iqneba da araTanabari konkurencia

Seiqmneba.

erTi wlis winaT prezidentma saqarTvelos `singapurizacia~

daisaxa miznad. dRevandeli ekonomikuri politikis

da evrokavSiris gavlenis fonze, kvlav xedavT amis SesaZleblobas?

ki, Cven gvaqvs es Sansi. amas, cxadia, bevri mowinaaRmdege

hyavs SigniT Tu gareT, magram sxva gza ar gvaqvs.

principuli sakiTxia. roca Tbilisidan 40 kilometrSi

rusuli tankebi dgas, Tu reformebi ar gavagrZeleT,

aRaravin aRar viqnebiT.

msoflio bankis kvlevebis mixedviT, bolo 50 wlis

ganmavlobaSi erTdroulad imdeni reforma, ramdenic

saqarTveloSi Catarda, arc erT qveyanaSi ar Catarebula.

bevri sfero, met-naklebi SecdomebiT, magram ZiriTadad

warmatebulad SevcvaleT. am reformebis gagrZelebisTvis

saWiroa Zveli miRwevebis SenarCuneba da axlis ganviTareba.

reformebi aris erTaderTi gza, romelTa meSveobiTac

SeiZleba warmatebuli saqarTvelo SevqmnaT.

esaubra nino gogua

18 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


useTi_aSS

Всем привет! Я в Твиттере

Tamar kakabaZe

Всем привет! Я в Твиттере и это мое

первое сообщение! _ es ruseTis prezidentis

pirveli originaluri postia,

romelic man mikroblog Twitter-ze

sakuTar gverdze datova.

gasul kviras dmitri medvedevis viziti

aSS-Si kaliforniidan, silikonis

velis monaxulebiT daiwyo. ukve

arsebobs proeqti, romlis mixedvi-

Tac, kremli moskovis maxloblad _

skolkovoSi amerikuli silikonis velis

analogis Seqmnas apirebs. es iqneba

gansakuTrebuli ekonomikuri pirobebis

zona, sadac maRali teqnologiebisa

da inovaciebis kompaniebi imuSaveben.

kaliforniaSi stumrobisas medvedevi

Apple-is, Yandex-is, Google-is,

Cisco Systems-is xelmZRvanelebs Sexvda,

Twitter-ze sakuTari gverdi gaixsna,

Apple-is xelmZRvanelisgan axali

iPhone 4 miiRo saCuqrad, sityviT

gamovida stenfordis universitetSi

da barak obamasTan erTad Ray's Hell

Burger-is restoranSi hamburgeri da

Semwvari kartofili miirTva. `didi

xania, ar miWamia hamburgerebi. visauzme

barak obamasTan~, _ dawera man

Twitter-ze.

aSS-Si medvedevs xazgasmulad pompezuri

daxvedra mouwyves. politikuri

komentatorebi amboben, rom `gadatvirTvis~

Rilaki realurad amuSavda

da dadga axali epoqa amerikul-rusul

urTierTobebSi.

Tumca, amerikul-rusul `gadatvir-

Tvas~ am etapze mxolod erTaderTi

sayrdeni aqvs _ uprecedento daTmobebi,

rasac kremli barak obamasgan

iRebs.

medvedevis vizitisas mTavari aqcenti

ekonomikaze gakeTda, rac imas

niSnavs, rom orive qveyanas surs, gamovides

urTierTobaTa im Cixidan, ro-

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

melSic 2008 wels ruseT-saqarTvelos

omis Semdeg aRmoCnda.

Tumca, avtoritarul ruseTTan megobroba,

SesaZloa, obamas Zviri daujdes,

radgan dRes am urTierTobebis

normalizeba mxolod misi daTmobebis

xarjze xdeba.

medvedevis bolo vizitis dros ruseTma

aSS-sgan msoflio savaWro organizaciaSi

gawevrianebisa da skolkovos

SeqmnaSi mxardaWeris piroba miiRo.

amerikelebi rusebs uaxloes teqnologiebsac

ki gauziareben.

kremli bolo dros Zalze ganebivrebulia

TeTri saxlis mxridan daTmobebiT.

manamde aSS-m aRmosavleTevropeli

mokavSireebi gaakvirva, roca

ruseTis nebas dahyva da poloneTsa da

CexeTSi raketsawinaaRmdego Tavdacvis

elementebis ganTavsebaze uari Tqva.

ruseTis mimarT daTmobad aRiqves

ramdenime Tvis win obamas mier saqar-

TvelosTan dakavSirebiT gakeTebuli

gancxadebac. obamam Tqva, rom saqar-

Tvelo aRar iqneba dabrkoleba ruseTaSS-s

urTierTobebSi.

medvedevis aSS-i vizitamde erTi

dRiT adre obamas administraciam

msoflio

dmitri medvedevis da barak obamas Sexvedra, vaSingtoni, 24 ivnisi 2010

kremls kidev erTi saCuqari gaukeTa

_ teroristTa Sav siaSi Seiyvana CeCen

separatistTa lideri doku umarovi.

es gadawyvetileba gansakuTrebiT damafiqrebelia

im fonze, roca oficialuri

vaSingtoni, karga xania, arafers

ambobs ruseTSi adamianis uflebebis

totaluri darRvevis faqtebze.

ra miiRo obamam am daTmobebis sanacvlod?

rogorc eqspertebi amboben,

mxolod umniSvnelo Semxvedri nabijebi:

moskovi aRar moiTxovs SimSilisa

da daSlis piras mdgari yirgizeTidan

amerikuli aviabazis gayvanas da aseve

iranisa da CrdiloeT koreis winaaRmdeg

Zalze zomier sanqciebs dauWers

mxars.

kremli cdilobs, maqsimumi dastyuos

TeTr saxls, romelic Tavis mxriv

mzadaa, maqsimumi gasces.

zedmeti daTmobebiT obamam, Sesa-

Zloa, kidev ufro gaafuWos moskovTan

urTierTobebi. TeTr saxls aviwydeba,

rom ruseTis xelisufleba aSS-sTan

konfrontaciis winaaRmdegi sulac ar

aris. piriqiT, amerika _ rogorc mTavari

gare mteri _ rusuli nacionaluri

ideis nawilia.

19


mezoblebi

CeCneTi

kadirovis arti

ramzan kadirovs ar uyvars Tanamedrove xelovneba. respublikaSi, sadac

sulier-zneobrivi da patriotuli aRzrda mimdinareobs, rokerebs, reperebs,

abstraqcionistebsa da modernistebs ar aWaWaneben.

laura hasanova

rac dro gadis, CeCneTSi sul ufro

irRveva adamianis uflebebi. kadirovi,

romelsac saxlSi katis nacvlad

vefxvi hyavs, respublikas veluri me-

TodebiT marTavs. adamianis uflebaTa

damcvelebi mas adamianTa gatacebebSi,

wamebasa da mkvlelobebSi adanaSauleben.

misi tirania maTac Seexo, visac

arc boevikebTan, arc politikasTan

saerTo araferi aqvT _ xelovan xalxs.

kadirovi religiur ojaxSi, CeCnuri

tradiciebiT gaizarda. dRes

CeCneTis prezidenti ramzan kadirovi nacionaluri cekvis Sesrulebisas, grozno, 2010

igi CeCneTSi araTu mouwodebs xalxs

islamis kanonebiT icxovron, aramed

saxelmwifo am tradiciebs ubralod

akanonebs da savaldebulos xdis.

`demokratia, romelsac dRes evropa

Tavs gvaxvevs, ruseTs ar sWirdeba.

unda vibrZoloT imisTvis, rom Cvenma

momavalma Taobebma ... sakuTari faseulobebi

ar dakargon~, _ ganacxada

CeCneTis prezidentma 17 ivniss `ruseTis

axali ambebis samsaxurTan~ interviuSi.

2008 wlidan, roca CeCneTSi metnaklebi

stabiluroba damyarda, kadirovi

kulturuli teroriT iqcevs

Tavs.

magaliTad, respublikaSi koncertis

gamarTvis ufleba ar aqvT rok

da rep musikis CeCen Semsruleblebs.

xolo Tanamedrove cekvebi, vTqvaT,

hip-hopi, aq CeCnuri tradiciebis Ralatad

miiCneva.

`axla koncertebs mxolod bavSvebi

ki ara, xanSi Sesuli adamianebic sia-

20 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


movnebiT daeswrebian~, _ amayad acxadeben

kadirovis mTavrobis wevrebi.

imisTvis, rom CeCneTSi simReris

ufleba moipovo, sagangebo feis-kontroli

unda gaiaro. ukve ori welia,

CeCeni momRerlebi mxolod mkacri,

tradiciuli samosiT gamodian. qalebi

valdebulni arian, scenaze Tavdaburulebi

iyvnen.

simRera mxolod CeCnur enaze Sei-

Zleba. rusulad mxolod maSin mRerian,

Tu moskovidan delegacia Cadis.

Tavidan es akrZalvebi saxelmwifo

filarmoniis xelmZRvanelobam Semoi-

Ro, Semdeg kulturis saministromac

aitaca. kulminacia iyo CeCneTis prezidentis

televiziiT gamosvla, rodesac

man momRerlebs miuTiTa, ra

unda Caicvan da rogori simRerebi

imReron.

es wesebi Zalian awuxebs axalgazrdebs,

romlebic, marTalia, sakuTari

azris xmamaRla gamoxatvas ver bedaven,

magram ar uSveben mcire Sanssac

ki, rom respublika datovon.

bevri axalgazrda, romelic adre

roks mReroda, an Tanamedrove arti

ainteresebda, iZulebuli gaxda, sxva

saqme moeZebna. zogma ambiciebi daTmo

da axal tendenciebs moergo.

dRes CeCneTSi moduria ramzan kadirovze,

mis dedaze, mamasa da vaJze

simRerebis Seqmna.

momRerali ali abdusalimovi, romelic

CeCneTSi erT dros cnobili

rok-momRerali iyo, Taviseburi

varcxnilobiTa da Cacmis maneriT,

bolos televiziiT 2009 wels, gadacema

`gulwrfel saubarSi~ gamoCnda.

gadacemaSi monawile erT-erTma stumarma

mas agresiulad Seutia: `ratom

ar asruleb xalxur simRerebs da am

dasavlur stils ratom ar iSoreb?~

rogorc kadirovi ambobs, dRes

scenaze `manWva~ ar aris miRebuli.

abdusalimovi da misi megobrebi, ukve

ori welia, arsad Canan.

kadirovis wesebi marto momRerlebze

rodi vrceldeba. igive kriteriumebi

moqmedebs, magaliTad,

arqiteqtorebzec. yvela samSeneblo

proeqts piradad kadirovi amtkicebs.

roca kadirovs momavali Tanamedrove

sastumros _ `kavkazis~ maketi

miutanes, man haerSi xeliT naxevrad

mrgvali saxuravi ganasaxiera: `am sastumros

zemodan gumbaTi unda daedgas,

rom Senobas ufro islamuri ieri

mieces~, _ uTxra prezidentma arqiteqtors.

kadirovis gemovnebaSi ar Cajda

axalgazrdul saqmeTa komitetis SenobasTan

wlebis win damontaJebuli

uzarmazari Sadrevani, romelic

TeTr da cisfer ferebSi iyo gadawyvetili.

es Sadrevani yabardoeli arqiteqtoris

proeqtiT aSenda da Zalian

didxans igeboda. qvis uzarmazari

lodi naxevari weliwadi xsnariT

muSavdeboda da irandeboda, myinvaris

forma rom mieRo. Tanamedrove

stiliT Sesrulebuli es Sadrevani

irgvliv mdgari nacrisferi nagebobebisgan

mkveTrad gamoirCeoda da

groznoelebs mis fonze fotoebis

gadaReba uyvardaT.

erT mSvenier dRes qalaqis merma

Sadrevnis aRebis brZaneba gasca,

radgan, misi TqmiT, respublikaSi

tradiciuli koSkebiT, arwivebiT da

bunebrivi mTis qvebiT damSvenebuli

Sadrevnebi unda daidgas. es Sadrevanic

gasuli wlis bolos gaaqres.

mezoblebi

`raRac gaurkveveli formis da Sinaarsis

skulpturebs da naxatebs ar

jobia Cveni lamazi buneba vxatoT?~

_ Tqva erTxel ramzan kadirovma teleeTeriT.

am sityvebis Semdeg erT-erTi CeCeni

mxatvari gogonasTvis, romelsac Tavisi

vinaobis gamxela ar surs, yvela

gamofenis kari daiketa. `Cemi stilia

kubizmi, magram naxatebis gamofenas

mikrZalaven. Tavad mikveTaven ra davxato

_ magaliTad, axali meCeTi (es

meCeTi ramzan kadirovma Tavisi mamis

_ axmadis pativsacemad aaSena)~, _ ambobs

mxatvari.

CeCneTSi moskovis `fabrika zviozdis~

analogiuri proeqti daiwyes,

sadac axalbeda momRerlebi erTmaneTs

ejibrebian. aq mxolod CeCnur

enaze mRerian. monawile gogonebs er-

Tnairi kabebi acviaT da Tavsafrebi

axuravT.

am cvlilebebis Semxedvare yvela

Tanxmdeba, rom ramzan kadirovma CeCneTi

rusuli samarTlebrivi da kulturuli

sferodan gaiyvana. SeuZlebelia,

kremli amas ver xedavdes.

cxadia, yvelam icis, ra respublikas

aSenebs kadirovi, magram moskovSi

amaze Tvals xuWaven, imitom rom mxo-

ruseTTan urTierTobebis `gadatvirTviT~ aRtyinebuli aSS, marTalia, CeCen savele

meTaurs doku umarovs saerTaSoriso teroristad acxadebs, magram amave dros

gulgrilad xuWavs Tvals tiranze, romelic CeCneTis moqmedi prezidentia.

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

lod kadirovia is adamiani, visac

dRes CeCneTSi moCvenebiTi, fasaduri

stabilurobis SenarCuneba SeuZlia.

cxadia, es yvelaferi ician dasavleTSic,

Tumca ruseTTan urTierTobebis

`gadatvirTviT~ aRtyinebuli

aSS, marTalia, CeCen separatistTa

liders doku umarovs saerTaSoriso

teroristad acxadebs, magram amave

dros gulgrilad xuWavs Tvals tiranze,

romelic CeCneTis moqmedi

prezidentia.

21


mezoblebi

sabWoTa warsuli ukrainaSi

stalini ukrainaSi

ukrainis industriul qalaqSi sabWoTa beladis Zegli aRmarTes. azrTa

sxvadasxvaoba, rac stalinis qandakebis inauguracias mohyva, kidev erTxel

warmoaCens gansxvavebas ukrainis nacionalistur dasavleTsa da prorusul

aRmosavleTs Soris.

meTiu qolini, zaporoJie, ukraina

Suaxnis mamakaci Tavisi gmiris

monumentisken kibeebs miuyveba,

piedestalTan TeTri yvavilebis

Taiguls debs, pativiscemis niSnad,

Tavs xris da erTxans ase mdumared

yovndeba im kacis Zeglis winaSe,

romelsac uamravi adamiani uwodebs

istoriaSi yvelaze sastik diqtators.

stalinis metalis figura, beladis

cnobili CibuxiT, pirveli

Zeglia, romelic ukrainaSi aTwleulebis

ganmavlobaSi aRmarTes.

SeiZleba, qandakeba zomiT mcire

iyos, magram im fonze, rom sakuTar

istoriaze ukrainaSi isedac bevrs

davoben, stalinis Zegli polemikis

mizezi mainc gaxda.

Tumca, gaxarebuli iyo kaci, romelmac

belads TeTri Taiguli

usaxsovra. `stalinma grandiozuli

imperia aaSena da sabWoTa kav-

Sirs meore msoflio omSi gamarjveba

moupova, _ amtkicebda is, _

CemTvis stalini yvela droisa da

eris udidesi figuraa, _ Tqva man, _

msoflio istoriaSi is pirveli kacia.

zogi ambobs, _ stalins Secdomac

bevri hqondao, _ magram ara,

stalins mTeli cxovrebis manZilze

arc erTi Secdoma ar dauSvia.

yoveli misi gadawyvetileba uzado

iyo~.

Semdeg man amayad gvaCvena saku-

Tari partbileTi, romelzec saxelis

grafaSi ewera: `georgi

stalini~. beladis siyvaruliT am

stalinis qandakeba zaporoJieSi, ukraina

22 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


ukrainels gvari hqonda gadakeTebuli.

saqarTveloSi stalinis Zeglis

aRebis Sesaxeb debatebi didxans gr-

Zeldeboda, magram ukrainaSi sabWo-

Ta diqtatoris Zeglis aRmarTvaSi

komunistebisTvis oficialur

struqturebs xeli ar SeuSliaT.

inauguraciis ceremoniali ukrainis

industriul qalaq zaporoJieSi

maisSi gaimarTa. komunisturi partiis

asobiT mxardamWeri sazeimod

afrialebda wiTel almebs, ismend-

nen sabWoTa himnsa da stalinis gamosvlebis

Canawerebs.

`is ubadlo iyo, _ ganacxada zaporoJies

komunisturi partiis

wevrma aleqsandr zubCevskim, _ CamorCenil

qveyanas Caudga saTaveSi

da roca midioda, ukve birTvuli

iaraRi gvqonda~.

Tumca, zaporoJies danarCeni

mosaxleoba stalinis Zeglis aRmarTvam

saSinlad gaaRiziana. `Tavisuflebis~

partiis aqtivistma,

vitali podlobnikovma Zeglis

inauguracias kriminali uwoda. `es

igivea, israelSi anda germaniaSi

hitleris qandakeba rom aRmarTo.

stalinis reJims Cemi ojaxis eqvsi

wevri Seewira~, _ Tqva man.

1930-ian wlebSi masobriv SimSilobas,

romelic ukrainaSi `golodomoris~

saxeliTaa cnobili,

ramdenime milioni adamiani

emsxverpla. SimSilobis gamomwvevi

mizezi stalinis politika iyo soflis

meurneobis sferoSi. es istoriuli

faqti is sakiTxia, romelic

kidev erTxel warmoaCens gansxvavebas

ukrainis nacionalistur dasavleTsa

da prorusul aRmosavleTs

Soris. zogierT ukrainels, yofili

prezidentis viqtor iuSCenkos Ca-

TvliT, sjera, rom masobrivi Sim-

Siloba sabWoTa mmarTvelobis mier

oficialurad sanqcirebuli genocidi

iyo. Tumca, qveynis axalma,

prorusulma liderma viqtor ianukoviCma

ganacxada, rom marTalia,

stalinis `totalitaruli reJimia~

SimSilobaze pasuxismgebeli, magram

es iyo ubralod tragedia, romelmac

ramdenime sabWoTa respublika

daazarala da amitom genocidis

klasifikacia am SemTxvevas ar unda

mieces.

vladimir tkaCuki rva wlis iyo,

roca 1932 wlis SimSiloba daiwyo.

naTesavebi Tvalwin ukvdeboda da

dRes ambobs, rom am saSinel mogonebebs

stalinsa da sabWoTa reJims

arasdros apatiebs. yovel dilas

mis sofels cxenebSebmuli furgoni

daivlida xolme, orRobeebi gvamebisgan

rom gaewminda da saWmlis

ZiebaSi gardacvlili ukrainelebis

cxedrebi saZmo sasaflaoze gadaetana.

`ar arsebobda ojaxi, romelmac

im periodSi erTi wevri mainc ar

dakarga~, _ ambobs tkaCuki. magram

kidev ufro Semzaravi iyo uWmelobisgan

SeSlili adamianebis cqera,

romlebic kaciWamiebad qceuliyvnen.

tkaCuks axsovs aseTi faqtic,

Tu rogor Sevida erTi patara biWi

mezoblis saxlSi, ukan ki cocxali

aRar gamosula.

`axlos rom mivediT, vnaxeT, rom

saxlis kedlebi da Weri sisxliT

iyo moTxvrili, _ hyveba tkaCuki,

_ vnaxeT, naWrebad akepili biWis

sxeulic, romelic im ojaxs qileb-

Si hqonda Senaxuli. erT-erTi qila

ukve gaexsnaT da moexarSaT kidec.

mezoblebi

qali iyo is, vinc biWi moxarSa da

Wama~.

ukrainis dedaqalaqSi, sabWoTa

okupaciis muzeumSi, tkaCukisa da

misi Tanamemamuleebis msgavsi mogonebebi

inaxeba. muzeums uZRveba

istorikosi roman kruciki, romelmac

ukrainaSi sabWoTa reJimis danaSaulebaTa

kvlevas wlebi Sealia.

is dRes okupaciis muzeums saku-

Tari pensiiT afinansebs, radgan

Segnebulad ambobs uars yovelgvar

samTavrobo subsidiaze. miuxedavad

`ukrainelma komunistebma stalinis qandakebis aRmarTva mas Semdeg gabedes, rac

ukrainas saTaveSi prorusuli mTavroba Caudga. kremlma SeiZleba ianukoviCis

mTavroba aiZulos, okupaciis muzeumis daxurvis brZaneba gaices~.

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

imisa, rom es dawesebuleba gacilebiT

pataraa, vidre Tbilisis sabWoTa

okupaciis muzeumi, romlis

koleqciaSic represiebis dros

Sublgaxvretili adamianebis Tavis

qalebic Sedis, am adgilas mainc

STambeWdavad cocxldeba komunisturi

epoqis represiebis Semzaravi

qronikebi.

kruciki darwmunebulia, rom

ukrainelma komunistebma stalinis

qandakebis aRmarTva mas Semdeg

gabedes, rac ukrainas saTaveSi

prorusuli mTavroba Caudga. is

SiSobs, rom kremlma SeiZleba ianukoviCis

mTavroba aiZulos, misi

muzeumis daxurvis brZaneba gaices.

Tumca, muzeumis mmarTveli imaSic

darwmunebulia, rom sabWoTa beladis

reputaciis aRdgenis yoveli

mcdeloba ukrainaSi marcxiT dasruldeba.

`rogorc unda scadon warsulis

miCqmalva, simarTle mainc izeimebs,

_ ambobs is, _ stalinis mier Cadenil

danaSaulebs verasdros daviviwyebT.

mudam gvemaxsovreba is milionobiT

adamianic, romlebic mis

mmarTvelobas Seewirnen, gansaku-

TrebiT ki _ ukrainaSi~.

23


konfliqtebi

afxazeTi

afxazebi rusul fuls ar Tmoben

10 miliardi rubli is Temaa, sadac afxazebma ruseTTan ar daTmes.

inal xaSigi, soxumi

sergei baRafSi

afxazeTis prezidenti sergei baRafSi

mosaxleobas sensaciur dapirebas aZlevs.

misi TqmiT, Zalian male igi respublikaSi

korufcias daamarcxebs.

afxazeTSi, sadac korufcia ise yvavis,

rogorc vardisferi oleandri gazafxulze,

baRafSis danapirebis cota

vinmes sjera.

`saxelmwifo Cinovnikebis mxridan fulis

gamoZalvis nebismier faqtTan dakavSirebiT

maSinve darekeT prezidentis

an premier-ministris misaRebSi. ar aris

aucilebeli vinaobis dasaxeleba. nebismier

zarze maSinve movaxdenT reagirebas~,

_ ganacxada afxazeTis prezidentma

sergei baRafSma televiziiT.

man aseve aRniSna, rom amJamad mowmdeba

informacia imis Taobaze, rom privatizaciis

fondi, mcire da saSualo

biznesis ganviTarebisTvis specialuri

kreditebis gacemis sanacvlod, mosaxleobisgan

qrTams iRebda.

`Seiqmneba efeqturi kontrolis sistema,

raTa saxelmwifos mier biznesis

ganviTarebisTvis gamoyofili Tanxebi

miznobrivad daixarjos~, _ Tqva prezidentma.

bolo erTi Tvis ganmavlobaSi es gaxldaT

baRafSis meore gancxadeba, sadac

igi korufciasTan brZolaze saubrobda.

arada, wina wlebSi am problemis arsebobas

xelisufleba hipoTetur donezec ki

ar aRiarebda.

ra aris am uecari gamofxizlebis mizezi?

afxaz Cinovnikebs qrTamis aReba erTi

Tvis win ki ar uswavliaT. am praqtikas

isini wina wlebSic aqtiurad mimarTavdnen

da sakuTar finansur keTildReobas

iqmnidnen. Tanac `samuSao~ pirobebi idealuri

iyo _ araviTari riski. mezobel

ruseTSi, romelic aseve Caflulia korufciaSi,

asea Tu ise, zogjer SeiZleba

vinme daiWiron, patimrobis realuri

24 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


vada miusajon, moparuli qoneba CamoarTvan.

afxazeTSi arasodes araferi msgavsi

ar momxdara.

yvelaze didi, risac xelmrud Cinovniks

unda eSinodes, samsaxuridan daTxovnaa.

da sasjelis es `umaRlesi zomac~

mxolod Zalze gansakuTrebul SemTxvevebSi

gamoiyeneboda.

cali xelis TiTebia sakmarisi im Cinovnikebis

CamosaTvlelad, romlebsac

ar gaumarTlaT da saSovars moswyvites.

albaT baRafSi manamdec saqmis kursSi

iyo Tavisi xelqveiTebis sisusteebis Taobaze

(is xom arc mefe-batonia da arc

amxanagi stalini, adgilobriv darRvevebze

rom araferi icodes), magram am

procesisTvis xelis SesaSlelad araviTar

Zalisxmevas ar iyenebda. albaT,

acnobierebda imasac, rom yvela mniSvnelovan

sferoSi seriozuli reformebis

gareSe, situaciis kardinalurad Secvla

SeuZlebelia.

am reformebisTvis ki baRafSi mzad

arasodes yofila. miuxedavad misi bolo

Tvis ritorikisa, revoluciuri cvlilebebisTvis

mzadyofnis niSnebi arc

axla etyoba.

baRafSma icis, rom es sarisko TamaSia.

Tu korufciasTan brZolas igi marTlac

daapirebs, maSin gardauvlad mouwevs,

daupirispirdes usindisod gamdidrebul,

TiTqos safuariT gaberil biurokratiul

aparats; Tanac, warmatebis

yovelgvari garantiis gareSe.

arada, baRafSi revolucioneri politikosi

sruliad ar aris. misi lozungia

stabiluri ganviTareba. garda amisa, is

momaval saprezidento arCevnebze ukve

veRar iyris kenWs.

ase rom, ra azri aqvs saxifaTo kampaniaSi

Cabmas? aramarto xelisuflebis

kritikosebma, Tavad xelisuflebamac

mSvenivrad icis, rom korufciasTan

brZolaSi misi maqsimumi dRes ndobis

telefonebis amuSavebaa. an axals ras

ityvis anonimuri zaris avtori? iseTs

verafers, rac satelefono xazis meore

boloSi ar ician.

baRafSis iniciativiT dawyebuli korufciasTan

`brZolis~ saTaveebi ufro

sagareo faqtorSi unda veZeboT. naxevar

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

weliwadze metia, respublikis xelisufleba

daZabul molaparakebebs awarmoebs

kremlTan, imasTan dakavSirebiT,

Tu vin unda gaakontrolos ruseTidan

afxazeTSi Semosuli finansuri daxmareba.

laparakia sakmaod did fulze. ruseTma

valdebuleba aiRo, uaxloesi sami

wlis manZilze afxazeTs 10 miliardi

rubli (600 milioni lari) gamouyos.

moskovis survili iyo, regionuli ganviTarebis

saministros calke direqcia

Seeqmna da Semdeg am direqcias piradad

gaekontrolebina afxazeTSi gagzavnili

Tanxebis xarjva.

bunebrivia, es gegma afxazeTSi Zalian

ar moewonaT. jer erTi, es iqneboda

pirdapiri da yvelaze mokle gza gareSe

qveynis mier afxazeTis srulad marTvisa;

da meorec _ afxazur biurokratias,

ukve didi xania, dalagebuli aqvs gegmebi

imis Taobaze, rogor aiTvisos aseTi

soliduri daxmareba. es is SemTxvevaa,

rodesac nacionaluri interesebi aranairad

ar ewinaaRmdegeba piraduls.

sabolood, qveynis SigniT sayovelTao

mxardaWeriT gaTamamebulma da patriotuli

motivaciiT zurggamagrebulma

afxazma Cinovnikebma, romlebic molaparakebebSi

monawileobdnen, kremls

gaafTrebuli winaaRmdegoba gauwies:

bolo ori welia, maT aseTi simtkice ar

gamouvleniaT.

ruseTis mxridan afxazeTis saxelmwifoebriobis

aRiarebis Semdeg, madlierebis

niSnad, oficialurma soxumma bevr

Zalian mniSvnelovan sakiTxSi dauTmo

moskovs. maT Soris _ sazRvris erToblivi

dacvis, samxedro TanamSromlobis

sakiTxebSi, rac qveynis erovnul interesebs

azaralebda.

yvelaze principuli soxumi maSin

aRmoCnda, roca saqme fulis aTvisebasa

da kontrols Seexo. am saqmeSi kremlTan

SeTanxmeba afxazeTma ar isurva.

rogorc ityvian, _ `celi qvas moxvda~.

premier-ministrma sergei Sambam Tavis

bolo preskonferenciaze Riad ganacxada

am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT xelisuflebis

poziciis Sesaxeb.

`gaTvaliswinebuli iyo regionuli

konfliqtebi

ganviTarebis saministrosTan arsebuli

rusuli direqciis Camoyalibeba, romelsac

faqtobrivad unda emarTa Semosuli

fuladi saxsrebi. Cven amas kategoriulad

vewinaaRmdegebodiT, radgan

vTqviT, rom Cven ruseTis regioni ar

varT. ruseTis federaciis regionuli

ganviTarebis saministro Cven nacvlad

ar unda wyvetdes, ra da rogor davxarjoT.

gvyavs mTavroba, romelic mzadaa

TanamSromlobisTvis. magram Tavad gadavwyvetT,

sad da rogor mivmarToT es

saxsrebi da rogor vakontroloT. vnaxeT,

Tu rogori uTanxmoeba gamoiwvia

samxreT oseTSi msgavsi direqciis mier

analogiuri proeqtebis ganxorcielebam,

da aseTi Sedegi sruliad ar gvWirdeba.

ar gvinda, igive gavimeoroT. Cven

sakuTari midgoma gvaqvs. sakiTxi ise

gadawydeba, rogorc Cven vTavazobdiT.

fuli gamogzavnon, da am proeqtebs Tavad

mivxedavT~, _ ganacxada mTavrobis

xelmZRvanelma.

Tumca, samxreTosuri precedenti

mxolod soxumisTvis ki ara, kremlis-

Tvisac mniSvnelovani mtkicebulebaa.

marTalia, kokoiTi rusuli daxmarebis

miTvisebaSi regionuli ganviTarebis saministros

rezidentebs adanaSaulebs,

magram isini Tavis mxriv imave danaSaul-

Si swored kokoiTis da mis garemocvas

sdeben brals.

savaraudod, istoria ganmeordeba

afxazeTSic. moskovi Seecdeba, cxinvalis

msgavsad, soxumis Sida saqmeebSic

Caerios. misi oficialuri argumenti

igive iqneba, rac samxreT oseTSia _ ruseTisgan

miRebuli daxmarebis aramiznobrivad

xarjva.

albaT swored rusuli fulis molodins

ukavSirdeba afxazeTis xelisuflebis

mxridan korufciasTan brZolis uecari

survili.

statia momzadebulia hainrih biolis fondis

mxardaWeriT. am publikaciaSi gamoTqmuli

Sexedulebebi da mosazrebebi ar aris

aucilebeli, gamoxatavdes hainrih biolis

fondis Sexedulebebs.

25


ilustracia serga nemsiwveriZe

Jurnalisturi gamoZieba

narkotikebis tranziti

saqarTvelos

narkotikuli respublika

saqarTveloSi yovelwliurad 2,4 tona heroini iyideba,

saidanac narkorealizatorebi minimum 700-milionian mogebas naxuloben.

2 wlis manZilze ki policiam mxolod 18 kilogrami heroini amoiRo.

nana nasyidaSvili, studia `monitori“. werili dafinansebulia evrokomisiis mier

gaerTianebuli erebis organizaciisa

da amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis

saxelmwifo departamentis

narkotikebTan brZolis biuros

monacemebiT, saqarTveloSi 240

aTasidan 350 aTasamde narkomania,

xolo somxeTSi _ 160 aTasi, azerbaijanSi

_ 20 aTasi, yazaxeTSi ki _

25 aTasi.

saqarTvelos Sinagan saqmeTa saministros

analitikuri departamentis

ufrosi miiCnevs, rom saqar-

Tvelos SemTxvevaSi, cifri cota

gazviadebulia: „zusti statistikuri

monacemebi ar arsebobs, imitom,

rom narkomanebi sajarod ar

amboben narkomani varo~, _ ambobs

SoTa utiaSvili, romlis varaudiT,

26 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


saqarTveloSi narkomanTa raodenoba

250 aTasis farglebSia.

saqarTvelo _ heroinis

satranzito qveyana

2009 wlis seqtemberSi gaerTianebuli

erebis organizaciis narkotikebTan

da danaSaulTan brZolis

ganyofilebam avRanuri heroinis

msoflios masStabiT gavrcelebis

sakiTxze moxseneba gaavrcela. mas-

Si aRniSnulia, rom yovelwliurad

evropaSi, saqarTvelos gavliT, 7

tona heroini Sedis, xolo mTlianad

samxreTi kavkasiis qveynebidan _ 11

tona.

gaero-s moxsenebaSi heroinis mo-

Zraobis marSrutebi detaluradaa

ganxiluli. avRanuri warmoSobis

narkotiki saqarTveloSi ZiriTadad

ori gziT xvdeba.

pirveli: avRaneTi _ irani _ azerbaijani

_ saqarTvelo da meore:

avRaneTi _ TurqmeneTi _ azerbaijani

_ saqarTvelo. am gzebidan ZiriTadi

iranis marSrutia, saidanac

regionSi yovelwliurad 9 tona heroini

SemoaqvT.

saqarTveloSi heroini ZiriTadad

wiTeli xidis gavliT xvdeba da fo-

Tis portidan bornebiT evropisken

igzavneba.

gaero-s moxsenebaSi miTiTebulia,

rom foTidan bulgareTisken mimavali

narkotranzitis gza SedarebiT

axalia. narkogadazidvebis es axali

marSruti, romelic 2007-2008 wlebSi

gaizarda, bolomde gamokvleuli

ar aris.

saqarTvelos pirdapiri saborne

mimosvla aqvs ukrainis iliCevskis

portTan da bulgareTis burgasis

portTan. saqarTvelodan gasul

bornebs heroini swored am portebSi

CaaqvT. mezobeli qveynebis Zalovan

struqturebs heroinis didi

partiebi sazRvarze araerTxel

daukavebiaT.

2008 wlis 16 dekembers BostonHerald.com-ma

informacia gaavrcela,

romlis mixedviTac, bulgareTSi

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

mesazRvreebma satvirTo manqanebSi

damaluli 400 kilogrami heroini

amoiRes. manqanebi bulgareTSi fo-

Tis portidan borniT Caitanes.

analogiuri SemTxveva ukrainaSic

moxda. iliCevskis portSi 105 kilogrami

heroini ipoves. narkotikebi

ukrainaSic foTis portidan moxvda.

informacia ukrainis saxelmwifo

sasazRvro samsaxuris oficialurma

veb-gverdma 2007 wlis 29 noembers

gaavrcela.

2007 wels ukrainaSi saqarTvelodan

heroinis didi partiis Catanis

es ukve meore SemTxveva iyo. pirveli

23 ivliss dafiqsirda. maSin foTis

portidan gasuli 174,5 kilogrami

narkotikis kontrabanda daakaves.

saqarTvelodan iliCevskis portSi

Sesul gemze narkotiki didxans eZebes.

yvelaferi Seamowmes, magram heroinis

povna mxolod ZaRlis saSualebiT

SeZles. eqspertebi amboben,

rom sabaJoze gawvrTnili ZaRlebis

yola narkotranzitTan sabrZolvelad

Cveni qveynisTvis aucilebelia.

`am etapze Semosavlebis samsaxurs

kinologiuri ganyofileba ar gaaCnia

da Sesabamisad, ar gvyavs gawvr-

Tnili ZaRlebi, romlebsac narkotikebis

mosaZebnad gamoviyenebdiT~,

_ aRniSna sabaJo kontrolis sammar-

Tvelos ufrosma giga xvindiam.

heroinis transportirebisTvis

trailerebs iyeneben, maT saerTa-

Soriso satranzito niSani TIR aqvT

da sabaJoze rentgeno-skaneris meSveobiT

SerCeviT amowmeben. `Cven

gvaqvs specialuri riskis marTvis

programa, romliTac iseT tvirTebs

vavlenT, romlebsac sariskod

vTvliT da am SemTxvevaSi vaxdenT an

dokumentur, an fizikur Semowmebas.

ori wlis win daviwyeT am tvirTebis

rentgeno-skanerebiT Semowmebac~, _

aRniSna giga xvindiam.

2 wlis manZilze policiam 18 kilo

heroini amoiRo

gaero-s garda, saqarTveloSi arsebuli

narkotrefikis problemis

Jurnalisturi gamoZieba

Sesaxeb kidev erTi mniSvnelovani

dokumenti 2008 wels amerikis SeerTebuli

Statebis narkotikebTan

brZolis biurom gamosca. am monacemebze

dayrdnobiT advili gamosaangariSebelia,

Tu ra raodenobis

narkotiki rCeba saqarTveloSi. angariSis

Tanaxmad, samxreT kavkasiaSi

11 tona narkotiki Semodis da saqar-

Tvelos sazRvao portis saSualebiT

gadis 7 tona. regionis sam qveyanaSi:

somxeTSi, azerbaijansa da saqar-

TveloSi rCeba saSualod 4 tona.

narkomanebis raodenobis Sesaxebac

aris monacemebi. amis gaTvaliswinebiT,

saqarTveloSi daaxloebiT 2,4

tona heroini unda rCebodes.

`am etapze moklebulni varT Sesa-

Zleblobas, mogawodoT informacia

narkotikuli saSualebebis amoRebisa

da ganadgurebis Sesaxeb, vinaidan

amJamad mimdinareobs informaciis

damuSaveba, rac dros moiTxovs~, _

gvipasuxes Sinagan saqmeTa saministroSi.

Sinagan saqmeTa ministrma „rus-

Tavi 2~-is eTerSi ganacxada: `arasdros

saqarTveloSi ar amouRiaT

imdeni narkotiki, ramdenic bolo

wlebSi amoviReT~.

Sss-s veb-gverdze ori monacemi

movipoveT. 2007 wels Sss-m _ 9kg da

783 grami, xolo 2008 wels 8 kg da

332 grami heroini amoiRo, anu ori

wlis manZilze sul _ 18 kilogrami.

wels ki Sinagan saqmeTa saministrom

ivnisSi narkotrefikis erTi saqme

gaxsna. dakavebulia narkokartelSi

CarTuli 5 qarTveli da amoRebulia

1 750 000 evro. policiam 180 grami

kokaini ipova, Tumca samarTaldamcavebma

Tqves, rom 2009 wels am dajgufebam

saqarTvelodan TurqeTSi

90 kilogrami kokaini gadaitana. es

narkotiki samxreTi amerikidan saqarTveloSi

jarTSi gadamaluli

SemohqondaT. Sss ar dainteresda,

Tu ratom SemohqondaT jarTi foT-

Si, maSin roca Tavad saqarTvelo

jarTis eqsportiori qveyanaa da

evropaSi is gacilebiT Zviri Rirs.

27


Jurnalisturi gamoZieba

erTaderTi gamarTleba, rac narkotikebis

am siSoreze Camotanas

hqonda _ narkomovaWreebis mier

kontrolirebuli foTis portia,

vinaidan am narkotikis daniSnulebis

adgilic evropa gaxldaT.

sainteresoa Sss-s mier gavrcelebuli

informacia kokainis marSrutis

Sesaxebac. foTis ports am

istoriaSic, iseve rogorc ukanono

narkotikebis tranzitTan dakav-

Sirebul CvenTvis yvela cnobil

SemTxvevaSi, mniSvnelovani adgili

ukavia. rentgeno-skanerebiT

aRWurvili qarTuli sabaJo an

ususuria narkotikebis aRmoCenis

kuTxiT an narkobiznesSi CarTuli

pirebis seriozuli kontrolis

qveS imyofeba. espaneTSi mcxovrebi

kanonieri qurdis, Saqro kalaSovis

mfarvelobiT, kokaini panamidan,

perudan da kolumbiidan saqar-

TveloSi CamohqondaT. narkotiki

saqarTveloSi swored foTis sa-

SualebiT Semodioda. mas imereTSi

afasoebdnen, Semdeg ki TurqeTSi

gadahqondaT.

`saqarTvelos mTavrobas tranzitiT

gamavali narkotikebis Taobaze

sando statistikuri monacemebi ar

gaaCnia. saqarTvelos Sinagan saqme-

Ta saministro miuTiTebs, rom 2004-

2006 wlebSi da 2007 wlis pirveli

cxra Tvis ganmavlobaSi narkotikebis

mniSvnelovani raodenoba ar

amouRiaT. es, SesaZloa, niSnavdes,

rom saqarTvelo satranzito qveyana

ar aris an policiis araadekvatur

muSaobasa da SesaZlo korufciaze

miuTiTebs`, _ aRniSnulia amerikis

SeerTebuli Statebis saxelmwifo

departamentis narkotikebTan br-

Zolis biuros moxsenebaSi.

„gasakeTebeli jer kidev bevria~

gia gaCeCilaZes, mwvaneTa partiis

Tavmjdomares milionobiT

dolaris Rirebulebis heroinis

uproblemod gadaadgileba xelisuflebis

mfarvelobis gareSe SeuZleblad

miaCnia: `Cven vambobT, rom

saqarTvelos teritoriidan evropaSi

7 tona heroini gadis, 2,4 tona

ki adgilze trialebs. gamodis, rom

qveyanaSi 9-10 tona sufTa heroini

moZraobs, da rodesac mxolod 8

kilo aqvT amoRebuli, es raze metyvelebs?!~

Zalovani struqturebis narkobiznesTan

kavSiris Taobaze informacia

qarTul mediaSic gaCnda. 2005

wels gavrcelda informacia, rom

sod-is yofili TanamSromlebi Temur

revaziSvili da giorgi xuxia

departamentis ufrosobas _ irakli

koduasa da mis moadgile kaxa misirels

narkorealizatorebTan kavSirsa

da mkvlelobis mcdelobaSi

adanaSauleben. Temur revaziSvilis

informaciiT, am incidentam-

80 tona

82 tona

6 tona

de cota xniT adre departamentis

Tavmjdomarem, irakli koduam mas

narkotikebis erT-erTi gamsaReblis

winaaRmdeg sagamoZiebo moqmedebebis

Sewyveta, narkotikebis

realizatorebTan TanamSromloba

da realizaciidan Semosuli Tanxebis

ganawileba SesTavaza. revaziSvilma

amaze uari ganacxada da

samsaxuridan wamosvlis Taobaze

pataki dawera, Tumca erTi kviris

Semdeg, TanamSromlebis TxovniT,

samsaxurSi dabrunda. amis Semdeg,

revaziSvilis TqmiT, 21 maiss igi

motyuebiT wyneTisken waiyvana misma

TanamSromelma da megobarma, kaxa

miruaSvilma, cota xanSi kodua da

misirelic mividnen. revaziSvilis

TqmiT, mas operatiuli departamen-

28 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


1 tona

1 tona

2 tona

RUSSIA

95 tona

2 tona

9 tona

yovelwliurad evropaSi,

saqarTvelos gavliT,

7 tona heroini Sedis,

xolo mTlianad samxreTi

kavkasiis qveynebidan _ 11

tona. gaero-s moxsenebaSi

heroinis moZraobis

marSrutebi detaluradaa

ganxiluli. avRanuri

warmoSobis narkotiki

saqarTveloSi ZiriTadad

ori gziT xvdeba.

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

tis Svidi TanamSromeli sastikad

scemda, Semdeg ki mokvla daupires.

revaziSvili acxadebs, rom Tavs gaqceviT

uSvela.

momxdarTan dakavSirebiT Tavisuflebis

institutma maSin preskonferencia

moawyo da prokuraturisgan

saqmis gamoZieba moiTxova.

prokuraturas Cvenc mivmarTeT

da davinteresdiT, daiwyo Tu ara

winaswari gamoZieba giorgi xuxiasa

da Temur revaziSvilis saCivarTan

dakavSirebiT. agreTve, ra gadawyvetileba

miiRo saqarTvelos generalurma

prokuraturam. pasuxi arc

erT kiTxvaze ar migviRia.

narkomomxmareblebi mianiSneben,

rom saxelmwifo maT ufro did

problemebs uqmnis, vidre narko-

Jurnalisturi gamoZieba

movaWreebs, romlebTanac, savaraudod,

TanamSromlobs kidec.

avRanuri heroinis qarTuli

milionebi

damokidebulebis kvleviTi centris

`alternativa jorjias~ direqtoris

TqmiT, saSualo qarTveli

momxmareblis erTjeradi doza

100-200 miligrami sufTa heroinia,

romelic egreT wodebul Cekebad

iyideba. erTi Cekis fasi saSualod

250 laria. `heroinis koncentracia

arsad ar aris 100-procentiani.

masSi meti wili sxvadasxva nivTierebis

minarevebia~, _ aRniSnavs daviT

oTiaSvili. saqarTveloSi erTi

abi suboteqsi, romelic evropaSi 5

dolarad iyideba, 700 lari Rirs.

momxmarebelTa TqmiT, gayidvisas

mas anawevreben. `suboteqsi 250

lari Rirs, magram meoTxedi. naxevars

uZaxian, mara is naxevaric ar

aris. Camofxekili da naCaliCebia.

mTliani abi 700 lari Rirs. magram

Zalian iSviaTad Tu iyidi gautexav

abs~, _ ambobs erT-erTi respondenti.

araoficialuri monacemebiT,

erTi grami heroinis fasi saqar-

TveloSi 500 laria. gaero-s dokumentis

mixedviT ki, 2007 wels erTi

grami heroini 350 dolari Rirda.

Cveni qveynis narkobiznesis Sesafaseblad

es fasi 2 tona heroinze

gavamravleT. irkveva, rom qarTul

narkobiznesSi, sul cota, 700 milioni

dolari Savi fuli trialebs.

narkomania _ biujetis Sevsebis

wyaro

2010 wlis 1 ianvrisTvis Sinagan

saqmeTa saministroSi, eqspertizis

erovnul biuroSi da narkologiis

samedicino kvleviT institutSi

erTianad aRricxulia 70 000-mde

piri, romelic narkotiks moixmars.

eqspertebi amboben, rom narkomanTa

mimarT saqarTvelos xelisuflebis

araswori midgoma vi-

Tarebas auaresebs. `yvela piri,

29


Jurnalisturi gamoZieba

narkotikuli saSualebebis momxmarebeli

da narkotikuli saSualebebis

gamsaReblebi faqtobrivad

eqvemdebarebian erTsa da imave

pasuxismgeblobas~, _ aRniSnavs iuristi

aleqs SoSikelaSvili. `magaliTad,

pirovnebas upoves naxevari

grami heroini _ erTi aris momxmarebeli,

meore aris „bariga~, orives

Tanabrad dasjian. dRes kanoni

amaT orives gauSvebs 10 wliT cixeSi.

anu gadamyidveli unda gavuSvaT

10 wliT cixeSi, Tu vupoveT

naxevari grami, magram Tu momxmarebels

vupoveT naxevari grami,

rac misi ori dRis doza SeiZleba

iyos da ver vudasturebT rom

gadamyidvelia, 10 wliT ar unda

gavuSvaT cixeSi~, _ ambobs daviT

oTiaSvili.

saqarTvelo gaero-s 1961 wlis

konvenciis xelmomweria. dokumenti

narkoproblemis mosagvareblad

mxareebs narkomanebis mkurnalobis

rekomendacias aZlevs. eqspertebis

TqmiT, saqarTveloSi, mkurnalobis

nacvlad, narkomomxmareblebis winaaRmdeg

represiebi xorcieldeba.

`cixeSi Semogviyvanes narkomani

axalgazrda biWi. damoukideblad

ver moZraobda. biWebi vuvlidiT.

imas ra unda cixeSi? imas rom rame

eSvelos, saswrafod unda umkurnalo~,

_ gviTxra Cvenma narkomanma

respondentma.

sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 274-e

muxli narkodamokidebuli adamianis

iZulebiT mkurnalobas gulisxmobs,

Tumca 2006 wlidan dRemde es

muxli aravisTvis SeufardebiaT.

narkotikis moxmarebis faqtze

pirvelad dakavebis SemTxvevaSi,

administraciul samarTaldarRvevaTa

kodeqsiT, jarima 500 lars

Seadgens. Tu pirs ganmeorebiT

daudasturdeba erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi

narkotikis moxmareba an

SeZena, Senaxva, maSin mis winaaRmdeg

amoqmeddeba sisxlis samarTlis

kodeqsis 273-e muxli. am muxliT

jarima SeiZleba iyos 1000 lari

an ufro meti. sisxlis samarTlis

kodeqsis 273-e muxliT gadaxdili

jarimebis raodenobam bolo sam weliwadSi

21 169 825 lari Seadgina.

administraciul samarTaldarRvevaTa

kodeqsis 45-e muxliT gadaxdili

jarimebis raodenobam ki _

2 766 120 lari.

mniSvnelovania is faqtori, rom

saxelmwifos mier amoRebuli milionebidan

narkomaniiT daavadebul

pirebis mkurnalobaze gasul

wels 2 milion 200 aTas laramde

daixarja. eqspert nino gvenetaZis

azriT, es araswori politikaa da

is mxolod jarimebis saSualebiT

fulis amoRebazea orientirebuli.

`Cven am xalxs uzarmazar jarimebs

varTmevT. es jarimebi miemarTeba

saxelmwifo biujetSi da erT wreze

vbrunavT. mere am adamianebs isev

gamovuSvebT, mere isev davakavebT,

mere isev jarimas gadavaxdevinebT.

saxelmwifom am jarimebs daumatos

sxva Tanxebi da am adamianebs umkurnalos.

Tu saxelmwifo xels daibans

da am adamianebs mxolod represiiT

daemuqreba, faqtia, rom Sedegi ar

gveqneba~, _ aRniSnavs nino gveneta-

Ze.

mkurnaloba _ dasjis nacvlad

saqarTveloSi metadonis programa

2007 wlidan moqmedebs. amJamad

saxelmwifo programaSi 877 pacienti

monawileobs. programaSi Car-

Tvisas pirovneba 450 lars ixdis,

Semdeg ki yovelTviuri gadasaxadi

150 lars Seadgens.

daavadebaTa kontrolisa da sazogadoebrivi

janmrTelobis erovnuli

centris direqtoris moadgile

akaki gamyreliZe aRniSnavs, rom

jarimebidan amoRebuli milionebi

reabilitaciis centris asaSene-

blad unda gamoiyenon, magram amis

politikuri neba ar arsebobs. `cxadia,

es emsaxureba erT diad mizans,

rac aris arsebuli narkosituaciis

SenarCuneba, romelic, kidev er-

Txel vimeoreb, orientirebulia

narkomaniiT daavadebuli pirebis,

narkotikuli saSualebebis momxmarebelTa

diskriminaciaze. dRevandeli

politikuri Tanamdebobis

pirebis interesebSi ar Sedis, rom

es adamianebi ganTavisufldnen~, _

aRniSnavs iuristi aleqs SoSikelaSvili.

arsebuli narkopolitikis Sesacvlelad

2008 wels arasamTavrobo

organizaciebis koaliciam _ „zianis

Semcirebis saqarTvelos qselma`

parlamentSi kanonproeqti Seitana.

mas 58 aTasi adamiani awers xels.

kanonproeqti ori wlis Semdegac

ar ganuxilavT. damokidebulebis

kvleviTi centris xelmZRvaneli,

daviT oTiaSvili aRniSnavs, _ `ar

viciT ratom iwuneben Cvens kanonproeqts.

vfiqrob, rom arian adamianebi,

visac kanonmdeblobaSi ar

unda raimes Secvla da parlament-

Si am adamianebis gavlena sakmaod

Zlieria~.

dozis gadaWarbebiTa da narkotikebis

moxmarebiT gardacvlilTa

zust statistikas jandacvis saministro

ar awarmoebs. arsebobs mxolod

zogadi eqspertuli monacemebi,

romelTa daTvlac sxvadasxva

proeqtis farglebSi moxda. 2007

wels zedozirebiT mxolod TbilisSi

_ 39, 2008 wels ki 26 adamiani

gardaicvala. 2003 wels, narkotikebis

moxmarebis gamo, 120

adamiani daiRupa. es monacemebi

arasrulia da saqarTveloSi narkotikebis

mizeziT sikvdilianobas bolomde

ar asaxavs.

Jurnalisturi gamoZieba momzadebulia studia `monitoris~

proeqtis farglebSi.

Jurnalisturi gamoZieba ganxorcielda

evrokavSiris finansuri mxardaWeriT.

30 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


saubrebi liberalizmze

Tvalsazrisi

potenciuri safrTxeebi

qarTuli memarcxeneobisTvis

ganviTarebadi qveynebis memarcxeneebi midrekilni arian, problemebis mizezebi

sazogadoebis gareT eZebon da iSviaTad cdiloben maT sakuTar sazogadoebaSi aRmoCenas.

giorgi cxadaia

Salva naTelaSvili

saqarTveloSi memarcxeneoba bolo

20 wlis ganmavlobaSi diskreditirebuli

Tema iyo. is asocirdeboda

sabWoeTTan da komunistebTan. erTaderTi

stabiluri da met-naklebad

popularuli memarcxene partia, tradiciulad,

leiboristulia. bolo

xanebSi socialisturi ideebi axalgazrdebisTvisac

gaxda mimzidveli

da ramdenime memarcxene politikuri

Tu sazogadoebrivi jgufi gamoCnda,

magaliTad _ `axalgazrda socialistebi“

da „social-demokratebi

saqarTvelos ganviTarebisTvis“. memarcxene

jgufebis dasaxelebaSi jerjerobiT

sityva „socialisti“ figurirebs,

rac, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom

maT proevropul (da ara amerikul)

orientaciaze metyvelebs _ evropa-

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

Si memarcxene partiebs yvelaze xSirad

am saxeliT moixsenieben. maT finansuri

urTierTobebic ZiriTadad

mxolod evropasTan aqvT.

ganviTarebad qveynebSi memarcxeneebi

yvelaze xSirad gareSe mtrebis

demonizaciiT arian dakavebulebi.

msgavsi ritorikaa saqarTveloSic,

gansakuTrebiT, leiboristuli partiis

gamosvlebSi amerikis administraciis

winaaRmdeg. problema is ki

ar aris, rom ganviTarebul, mdidar,

Zlier da meti pasuxismgeblobis

mqone dasavleTs akritikeben, aramed

is, rom sazogadoebis winaSe mdgar

problemebs xelovnurad amartiveben.

Cvens qveyanaSi arsebuli problemebi

arc amerikis bralia da arc

evropis. es umeteswilad Tavad Cveni

_ Sidasazogadoebrivi problemebia

(saqarTvelos xelisufleba, amis sapirispirod,

cdilobs qveynis wina-

Se mdgari yvela problema ruseTs

gadaabralos). amitom, „masonebis“,

imperialistebis da „sorosistebis“

winaaRmdeg brZola cota komikuria

im fonze, roca mTavari problema im

sazogadoebriv jgufebSia, romlebic

erTmaneTTan TamaSis wesebze ver

SeTanxmebulan; magaliTad imaze, rom

biznesmenebma gadasaxadebi ar unda

damalon, biujeti xalxis sasikeTod

unda daixarjos, quCaSi nagavi ar

unda davyaroT, sazogadoebis sxvadasxva

jgufs pativi unda vceT, maTi

Sexedulebis miuxedavad, sazogadoebrivi

sikeTeebi ar unda davazianoT

da a.S. is sazogadoeba, romelic aseT

rameebze ver Tanxmdeba da mTel Tavis

Zalisxmevas „imperialistebis“

da masonebis kritikisken mimarTavs,

araracionaluri, arapragmatuli da

infantiluria.

erTi sityviT, ganviTarebadi qveynebis

memarcxeneebi midrekilni

arian, problemebis gamomwvevi mizezebi

sazogadoebis gareT eZebon

da iSviaTad cdiloben, es mizezi

sakuTar TavSi aRmoaCinon. evropuli

socializmi swored am niSniT

gansxvavdeba belorusuli da kuburi

socializmisgan. xsenebuli qveynebi

sityvis Tavisuflebas zRudaven

swored im motiviT, rom, amis sanacvlod,

adamianebs gadarCenisTvis

aucilebel, minimalur resursebs

TiTqmis ufasod sTavazoben.

Tu saqarTveloSi momavalSi me-

31


saubrebi liberalizmze

marcxene platformis ganviTarebaa

mosalodneli, axlave unda daisvas

kiTxva _ rogori memarcxeneebi da

socialistebi gvinda? erT-erTma

axalgazrda socialistma Jurnal

„cxeli Sokoladis“ mier mowyobil

diskusiaze ganacxada, rom arsebobs

prioritetebis garkveuli skala,

sadac Raribebis problemebi ufro

mniSvnelovania, vidre, vTqvaT _ umciresobebis.

Sesabamisad, msgavsi

logikiT, ucxoeli donorebi, romlebic

umciresobebis dacvas sxvadasxva

finansuri da politikuri

saSualebiT lobireben, tyuilad irjebian

_ maT, sinamdvileSi, realuri

problemebidan yuradReba moCvenebiT

problemebze gadaaqvT!

ucxouri donorebis saqmianoba ramdenad

uwyobs xels saqarTveloSi

socialur jgufebs Soris konsen-

susisken orientirebul samoqalaqo

kulturas da ndobis gaRrmavebas,

es calke sakiTxia (da CemTvis Zalze

sadavo), magram memarcxeneebis mier

msgavsi „liberaluri“ Temebisadmi

agdebuli damokidebuleba didi

Secdomaa. evropel socialistebs

arCevani rom mxolod socialur Temebze

gaekeTebinaT da sxva sakiTxebi

usamarTlod mieviwyebinaT, dRes

evrokavSirSi belorusic iqneboda.

evropaSi Zalian kargad esmiT, rom

jansaRi sazogadoeba gulisxmobs

sxvadasxva socialur jgufs Soris

humanizmsa da saerTo keTildReobaze

dafuZnebul urTierTobas da

ara erTi jgufis interesebis (rac

unda keTilSobiluri iyos es interesebi)

diqtaturas yvela sxva

jgufis interesebze. am ukanaskneli

tipis mmarTvelobas xSirad mohyveba

qarizmuli beladis gamoCena,

„avangarduli partiis“ daarseba da

„swori mimarTulebiT“ sazogadoebis

warmarTva. samwuxarod, aseT Temebze

msjeloba gvabrunebs meoce saukunis

dasawyisSi, rodesac bolSevikebi da

menSevikebi erTmaneTs swored msgavs

sakiTxebze ekamaTebodnen. rogorc

Cans, sakuTar istorias sakmarisad

kargad ar vicnobT, radgan Temebi,

romlebzec axla vmsjelobT, saukunis

dasawyisSi ukve irCeoda da Sesabamisi

daskvnebic gamohqondaT (samwuxarod,

movlenebi yvelaze uaresi

scenariT: bolSevikuri partiis diqtaturiT

dasrulda).

am problemas ekonomikuri kuTxidanac

SevxedoT: ratom ar gvinda

belorusis an kubis modeli? sul

axlaxan wavikiTxe britaneli Jurnalistis,

johan haris kritika radikali

memarcxene moazrovnis, noam

Comskis misamarTiT. haris azriT,

radikali memarcxeneebis erT-erTi

mTavari problema imis veraRiarebaa,

rom kapitalizmi simdidres qmnis: magaliTad,

riT aixsneba is faqti, rom

samxreTi korea ufro ganviTarebulia,

vidre socialisturi CrdiloeTi

korea? amisi aRiareba radikal

memarcxeneebs sakuTari ideebis Ralatad

miaCniaT. arada, sinamdvile-

Si, Tanamedrove evropuli socialuri

demokratia swored am gziT

uzrunvelyofs sakuTari ekonomikebis

mdgradobas da Zlier socialurad

orientirebul saxelmwifos _

qmnis socialur damcav bades, riTac

cdilobs, simdidre efeqturad gaanawilos.

am meTodiT arc inovacia,

konkurencia da teqnikuri progresi

zaraldeba, da arc _ Raribi moqalaqeebis

interesebi. amis sapirispirod,

qveynebs, romlebic sworxazovan

socialistur politikas adganan,

CamorCenili da mouqneli saxelmwi-

foebi aqvT, sadac moqalaqeebis mier

sakuTar Tavsa da sazogadoebaze pasuxismgebloba

minumamdea dayvanili

_ isini elodebian, Tu rodis moamaragebs

saxelmwifo minimaluri resursebiT,

riTac Tavs gadairCenen.

mTavari problema is aris, rom es

socialuri iniciativebi zemodan modis

da ara qvemodan, da modis umTavresad

diqtatori mmarTvelebisgan,

romlebic sakuTari Zalauflebis

SenarCunebas am gziT cdiloben. am

dros sazogadoeba moumwifebeli da

sustia, radgan Tavad ki ar wyvets

socialuri siduxWiris problemas,

aramed beladi da partiuli bosebi

zemodan aZaleben gaakeTon is, rac,

SesaZloa, gaTavisebuli arc aqvs.

sityvis Tavisufleba, umciresobebis

uflebebis dacva da adamianis

sxva fundamenturi uflebebis ar-

ganviTarebad qveynebSi memarcxeneebi yvelaze xSirad gareSe mtrebis demonizaciiT

arian dakavebulebi. msgavsi ritorikaa saqarTveloSic, gansakuTrebiT, leiboristuli

partiis gamosvlebSi amerikis administraciis winaaRmdeg.

seboba iseT qveynebSebi, rogoric

belorusia, swored imitom aris

saWiro, rom moqalaqeebma Tavian-

Ti interesebi gamoxaton. adamianis

uflebebis dacvis saboloo mizani

swored grZelvadiani ekonomikuri

da socialuri keTildReobis miRwevaa.

sxva SemTxvevaSi, socialuri saxelmwifo

mxolod butaforia iqneba,

romelic beladis, „mama patronis“

wasvlis Semdeg advilad CamoiSleba;

aseT saxelmwifoSi grZelvadiani

ganviTareba da ekonomikuri progresi

yovelTvis Seewireba iaffasian

socialistur ritorikas.

zemoT moxazuli safrTxeebis ga-

Tvaliswineba, Cemi azriT, sasicocxlod

aucilebeli iqneba nebismieri

memarcxene partiisTvis, romelic

saqarTveloSi moRvaweobas gadawyvets.

jerjerobiT arsebuli partiebis

ritorikaSi, samwuxarod,

amgvar aqcentebs ver vxedav.

32 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


Tvalsazrisi

revolucia,

kontrrevolucia

da sagadasaxado kodeqsi

ekonomika

aqamde vicodiT, rom dRes moqmedi sagadasaxado kodeqsi iyo _ liberaluri,

revoluciuri da msoflioSi saukeTeso. axla xelisuflebam misi isev

revoluciurad Secvlis gadawyvetileba miiRo _ finansTa ministris

gancxadebiT, kodeqsi 98%-iT icvleba. Tu logikas gavyvebiT, gamova, rom saqme

`kontrrevoluciasTan~ gvaqvs...

sinamdvileSi ki, Tu qarTuli filmidan cnobili gamonaTqvamis perifrazs

mivmarTavT, `arc erTi iyo liberaluri da arc meore _ kontrrevoluciuri.

orive ugvani kodeqsi iyo~. ratom vfiqrob ase? Sevecdebi, davasabuTo

(sityvebis ekonomiis mizniT, dRes moqmed sagadasaxado kodeqss `kodeqsad~ movixsenieb,

SemoTavazebuli cvlilebebis proeqts _ `proeqtad~).

irakli SaviSvili, auditori

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

33

ilustracia TaTia nadareiSvili / wignis saxelosno


ekonomika

1. koncefcia

ar varga rogorc kodeqsis, ise

proeqtis koncefcia _ isini antiliberaluria

erTi martivi mizezis

gamo _ oriveSi devs azri, rom

qveyanaSi mTavaria biujeti, xolo

gadasaxadis gadamxdeli (adamiani)

_ maqsimum, meorexarisxovani. amis

dasabuTeba yvela im muxlis gaanalizebiT

rom vcado, romelic kodeqssa

da proeqtSia, Jurnalis erTi

nomeri ar meyofa. amitom mxolod

ramdenimeze gavamaxvileb yuradRebas:

gadasaxadis cneba kodeqsSic da

proeqtSic erTnairad aris ganmartebuli

_ maTi mixedviT, gadasaxadi

aris `upirobo~ da `usasyidlo~

Senatani biujetSi. sagadasaxado kodeqsi

aris gadasaxadis warmoSobisa

da gadaxdis pirobebis krebuli. maS,

rogorRaa gadasaxadi upirobo?

bunebaSi ar arsebobs legitimuri

moTxovna sanacvlo valdebulebis

gareSe. nebismier aseT

moTxovnas yvela droSi da yvela

qveyanaSi yaCaRobas uwodeben. gadasaxadis

`usasyidlobis~ gamocxadebiT

xelisufleba uars ambobs raime

valdebulebis aRebaze gadasaxadis

gadamxdelis winaSe.

kodeqsSic da proeqtSic aris muxli

saxelwodebiT `sxva jarimebi~,

romelic ambobs, rom Tu gadamxdelis

mier irRveva romelime valdebuleba,

romlisTvisac dadgenilia

pasuxismgebloba, magram jarimis

odenoba ar aris gansazRvruli, es

jarimdeba 100 lariT. ras gveubneba

amgvari CanaweriT xelisufleba?

_ `ici ra, me axla mezareba yvela

darRvevis CamoWikWikeba, magram

icode, sadac dagiWer, migajarimeb~.

gadasaxadis gadamxdelis mier

gadasaxadis gadaxda uamravi RonisZiebiT

aris uzrunvelyofili _

sauraviT, jarimebiT, yadaRiT, salarodan

naRdi fulis amoRebiT,

qonebis gayidviTa Tu warTmeviT da

a.S. samagierod, Tu gadasaxadi zedmetad

gaqvs gadaxdili da biujetidan

mis dabrunebas moiTxov, kodeqs-

proeqti geubneba, rom moTxovnidan

3 TveSi dagibruneben. oRond, Tu ar

dagibrunes, ra xdeba, riT agebs Sen

winaSe pasuxs xelisufleba, amaze

aRaraferia naTqvami, rac imas niSnavs,

rom pasuxs arafriT agebs.

amgvari magaliTebis ganxilva

dausruleblad SeiZleba.

2. mikro da mcire biznesi

`revoluciuradaa~ Sefasebuli

mikro da mcire biznesis cnebebis

SemoReba. orive statusi mxolod

fizikur pirebs exebaT da ar vrceldeba

iuridiul pirebze.

mikro biznesisTvis dadgenilia

brunvis 30 000-lariani zRvari da

naTqvamia, rom Tu pirs am odenobaze

naklebi aqvs brunva, igi arc

erTi gadasaxadiT ar daibegreba.

amas did miRwevad gvasaReben, sinamdvileSi

ki es am kategoriis gadamxdelTa

mdgomareobis gauaresebaa:

ar aris dadgenili, saqmianobis

romel dargebze gavrceldeba mikro

biznesis statusi. es unda gansazRvros

mTavrobam Tavisi SexedulebiT.

masve SeuZlia, saqmianobis

romeliRac saxeobebSi akrZalos

am statusis miniWeba. gamodis, rom

jer arc ki viciT, ras gvTavazoben.

dRes moqmedi sagadasaxado kodeqsiT

dadgenilia saqmianobaTa saxeobebi

(mewaRe, mesaaTe, Sinamosamsaxure

da a.S.), romelTa mimdevari

fizikuri pirebi dabegvrisgan Tavisufldebian,

Tundac 100 000 laris

Semosavali miiRon. axla ki maT eubnebian,

_ xom kargia, rom mxolod 30

000 laris Semosavalze gaTavisufldebiT

dabegvrisgano.

mikro biznesis statusis mqone pirebs

ar aqvT sakontrolo-salaro

aparatis qonis valdebuleba. aRricxvis

wesebic gaurkvevelia _ finansTa

ministrma unda daudginos.

iqve weria, rom `sagadasaxado organos

ufleba aqvs, mikro biznesis

statusis mqone piris Semosavlebi

gansazRvros arapirdapiri meTodebiT

finansTa ministris mier gansa-

zRvruli wesiT~. mokled, mewarmis-

Tvis TamaSis wesebi ganusazRvrelia,

xolo sagadasaxado organoebi Tavisi

Sexedulebisamebr gansazRvraven

mis Semosavlebs. ra gamova? _ is,

rom loialur gadamxdelebs `eqnebaT~

30 000 larze naklebi Semosavali,

araloialurebs ki _ meti.

sxva gadasaxadis gadamxdelebs

ekrZalebaT mikro

biznesis statusis mqone

pirebisgan Sesyiduli saqonlisa

Tu momsaxurebis

Rirebulebis xarjad

gamoqviTva, Tundac danaxarji

dokumenturad

iyos dadasturebuli.

ratom unda moundes

aseT gadamxdels mikromewarmisgan

raimes yidva?

msgavsi mdgomareobaa

mcire biznesis statusTan

dakavSirebiTac. am farglebSi

SemoTavazebulia 3 da

5-procentiani dabegvris

reJimebi, xolo Semosavlis

zeda zRvari 200

000 laria. amasTan, 3%iani

dabegvris re-

Jimis gamoyenebis

ufleba pirs

mxolod im

SemTxvevaSi

aqvs, Tu is

daasabu-

Tebs Tavisi

er-

Toblivi

S e m o -

savlis

60%-is tol

danaxarjebs, daqiravebulisTvis gadaxdil

xelfasze gaweuli danaxarjebis

garda. xom kargad vzrunavT

dasaqmebaze?

erTgan weria, rom mcire biznesis

statusis mqone pirs ufleba

aqvs, ar awarmoos Semosavlebisa da

xarjebis aRricxva (proeqtis 92.1-e

muxli), meoregan ki weria, rom man

unda awarmoos xarjebis aRricxvis

34 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


Jurnali, romlis warmoebis wess adgens

finansTa ministri (muxli 92.7e).

gavfrindeT Tu ar gavfrindeT?

3. ombudsmeni

proeqtiT SemoTavazebulia sagadasaxado

ombudsmenis institutis

SemoReba. es idea axali araa.

jer kidev dRes moqmedi

kodeqsis proeqtSi iyo

gaTvaliswinebuli ase-

Ti instituti, magram

imis gamo, rom is

proeqti aseve iTvaliswinebda

kerZo

arbitraJebis mier

sagadasaxado davebis

ganxilvis uflebamosilebas

(romelic

amoqmedebidan 3 TveSi

gauqmda), es instituti

zedmetad CaiTvala da proeqtidan

amoiRes. dRes am instituts

isev gvTavazoben,

oRond _ gauaresebuli

saxiT. ombudsmenis

funqcia, wesiT, unda

iyos mTavrobis (sagadasaxadoorganoebis)

moqmedebebis

sawinaaRmdego

RonisZiebebisgatarebagadasaxadisgadamxdelisuflebebisdasacavad.

proeqti ki

gveubneba, rom ombudsmenis uflebamosilebebi

da saqmianobis wesi

mTavrobisave dadgenilebiT ganisazRvreba.

ratom unda mianiWos mTavrobam

vinmes Tavis sawinaaRmdegod

moqmedebis uflebamosileba?

4. winaswari gadaxdebi

sagadasaxado kodeqsis proeqtiT

kidev ufro izrdeba xelisufle-

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

bis `mada~, winaswar miiRos gadasaxadebi.

imavdroulad, gveubnebian,

rom xelisufleba gadasaxadis gadamxdelebs

aZlevs orTvian uprocento

sesxs imiT, rom angariSgebas

yovelkvartalurad gadaaqcevs yovelTviuris

nacvlad. is ki yvelas

aviwydeba, rom kodeqsiTac da proeqtiTac

gadasaxadis gadamxdelebi

valdebulni arian, mogebisa da qonebis

gadasaxadSi winaswar gadaixadon

gadasaxadebi `mimdinare gadasaxdelebis~

saxiT; rac niSnavs, rom

xelisufleba Tavad iRebs uprocento

sesxs gadamxdelebisgan, oRond

_ erTwlians. proeqtiT ki es mdgomareoba

kidev ufro mZimdeba _ Semodis

miRebuli avansebis dabegvra

damatebuli Rirebulebis gadasaxadiT

(dRg-iT). TiTqos es ukeTesi

unda iyos mewarmisTvis, radgan is

gadasaxads nawil-nawil gadaixdis

da ara _ erTbaSad. sinamdvileSi ki

amis keTeba ar aris swori, arc _ Teoriulad

da arc _ praqtikulad:

Sinaarsobrivad, dRg aris gadasaxadi,

romliTac ibegreba Seqmnili

damatebuli Rirebuleba. isic

mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, roca misi

gadacema xdeba sxva pirisTvis (momxmareblisTvis).

miRebuli avansis

SemTxvevaSi ki, es damatebuli Rirebuleba

jer arc Seqmnila da, miT

umetes, arc gadacemula. isic SeiZleba

moxdes, rom igi arc arasdros

Seiqmnas. maS, ras vbegravT?

es moqmedeba praqtikuli TvalsazrisiTac

gaumarTlebelia. sicxadisTvis

movitan yvelaze gavrcelebul

SemTxvevas _ binaTmSeneblobas.

mSeneblobebi 2-3 wlis ganmavlobaSi

mimdinareobs da am xnis ganmavlobaSi

mSenebeli myidvelisgan nawilnawil

iRebs avansebs, rac misTvis

sabrunavi saxsrebia danaxarjebis

gasawevad _ masalebis sayidlad, samSeneblo

teqnikis dasaqiraveblad

da a.S. ra gamova, Tuki am Tanxebidan

18%-s amovacliT mSenebels? _ igi

iZulebuli gaxdeba, es Tanxa sxvagan

moiZios, anu _ aiRos krediti da

ekonomika

ixados masze procentebi. es niSnavs,

rom misi danaxarjebis odenoba izrdeba,

rac an mogebas Seumcirebs mas,

an binis fass gazrdis. cxadia, esec

uaryofiTi movlenaa.

winaswari dabegvris formaa e.w.

`grZelvadiani kontraqtebis~ dRg-

Ti dabegvrac. es meTodi dRes mxolod

mogebis gadasaxadSi gamoiyeneba.

proeqtiT ki dRg-Sic vrceldeba,

rac, zemoT aRwerili mizezebis

gamo, aseve uaryofiTad aisaxeba

mewarmeebis Semosavlebze.

aseve gaugebaria sakuTari warmoebis

Senoba-nagebobebis dabegvra

dRg-Ti, maSinac ki, roca am Senobanagebobis

sxva pirisTvis gadacema

ar xdeba.

gamodis, rom xelisufleba winaswar

cdilobs Tanxebis akrefas.

oRond is aRar Cans, ra moxdeba 2-3

wlis Semdeg, roca am Tanxebis `ganaRdebis~

vada dadgeba. ori variantia

_ an 2-3 wlis Semdeg kvlavac

axali `revoluciuri~ kodeqsis mowmeni

gavxdebiT, an dRevandeli xelisufleba

2-3 wlis Semdeg sakuTar

Tavs veRar xedavs da dResve cdilobs,

Tanxebi `moimaragos~.

5. saSemosavlo gadasaxadi

uaresdeba saSemosavlo gadasaxadiT

dabegvris reJimic:

dRes moqmedi kodeqsiT, saSemosavlo

gadasaxadisgan Tavisufldeba

iseTi aqtivebis gayidviT miRebuli

nameti, romlebic fizikuri piris

sakuTrebaSia 2 welze meti xnis ganmavlobaSi

da romlebic ar gamoiyeneba

ekonomikuri saqmianobisTvis.

proeqtiT ki es nameti ibegreba nebismier

SemTxvevaSi, garda uZravi

qonebisa da arasasoflo-sameurneo

daniSnulebis miwisa. uZravi qonebis

SemTxvevaSi, Tavisufldeba mxolod

30 000 laramde miRebuli nameti,

xolo miwis SemTxvevaSi _ mxolod 2

heqtaramde miwis nakveTis gayidviT

miRebuli Semosavali.

kodeqsiT aseve Tavisufldeba 6

Tveze meti vadiT msubuqi avtomo-

35


ekonomika

bilis gayidviT miRebuli nameti Semosavali.

proeqtiT ki aseTi gaTavisufleba

aRar aris.

saerTod aRar aris SeRavaTi aRniSnulis

garda sxva aqtivebis gayidviT

miRebul Semosavalze. gamodis,

kacma, gaWirvebis gamo, saxlidan

ZvelisZveli karada rom gamoitanos

da gayidos, aqedan gadasaxadi unda

gadaixados.

am gauaresebis garda, isic unda

gaviTvaliswinoT, rom dRes im qonebis

gayidvisas, romelic 2 welze

naklebi xniT iyo piris sakuTreba-

Si, gadasaxadi 12% iyo. axla ki 20%

iqneba. kodeqsiT gaTvaliswinebuli

iyo 20%-iani ganakveTis Tanda-

Tan Semcireba 15%-mde _ 2013 wlis

1 ianvramde. am vadamac (maT Soris,

dividendze da sesxis procentze gadasaxadis

ganulebis vadamac) erTi

wliT gadaiwia.

gauaresebad unda CaiTvalos,

agreTve ijarisa da roialtis dabegvris

Semotana gadaxdis wyarosTan.

gamodis, Tu piri, vTqvaT, saofised

farTs qiraobs, man unda daukavos

gadasaxadi gamqiravebels. sainteresoa,

ra unda akeTos gamqiravebelma?

6. orazrovneba

xelisufleba gveubneba, rom proeqtiT

daZleuli iqneba orazrovneba

da bundovaneba. es rom ase ar

aris, amis dasasabuTeblad minda

vkiTxo finansTa saministros _ am

proeqtis mixedviT, Tu am saxiT iqca

es proeqti kanonad, 2011 wlis pirvel

aprils rom qonebis gadasaxadis

deklaracia unda warvadgino, romeli

wlis deklaracia iqneba igi?

proeqtSi weria, rom dasabegr qonebaze

(miwis garda) gadasaxadi gadai-

xdeba sagadasaxado wlis 31 dekembris

mdgomareobiT, xolo miwaze

gadasaxadi gadaixdeba sagadasaxado

wlis pirveli aprilis mdgomareobiT;

anu igulisxmeba, rom 2011

wlis pirvel aprils rom warvadgen

deklaracias, iq unda Sevitano miwis

Sesaxeb is monacemi, romelic im

dRisTvis maqvs, aqedan gamomdinare,

sagadasaxado weli aris 2011, oRond

2011 wlis 31 dekembris mdgomareobiT,

ra ganakveTi iqneba qonebis gadasaxadze,

2011 wlis pirvel aprils

rogor unda davadgino? xolo Tu

es 2010 wlis deklaraciaa, gamodis,

rom, miwis garda, qonebaze gadasaxadi

imis mixedviT unda gadavixado,

rac mqonda gasuli wlis 31 dekembers,

magram miwas ra vuyo? SarSan

pirvel aprils rom mqonda, imis mixedviT

unda gadavixado? axla rom

aRar maqvs, im miwaze unda gadavixado

qonebis gadasaxadi? an 2010 wlis

deklaraciaSi rogor unda Sevitano

is miwa, romelic 2011 wlis, vTqvaT,

15 Tebervals viyide? gaugebaria

xom, rac davwere? CemTvisac gaugebaria.

imedi maqvs, finansTa saministrosTvis

ar aris gaugebari.

ramden-azrovnebaa es?

7. kodeqsebis gaerTianeba

mTavroba ambobs, rom moxdeba

sagadasaxado da sabaJo kodeqsebis

gaerTianeba, romlis Sedegadac

gadasaxadis gadamxdels SeeZleba

Cveulebrivi saqmianobidan warmoSobili

gadasaxadebis zedmetad gadaxdili

Tanxebi gamoiyenos sabaJoze

gadasaxadebis gadaxdisas da rom

dRes es SeuZlebelia.

is, rom `dRes es SeuZlebelia~,

moqmedi kodeqsis pirdapiri darR-

vevaa, radgan sagadasaxado kodeqsi

ar adgens raime gamonakliss romelime

gadasaxadis mixedviT, romlis

CaTvlac sxva gadasaxadSi akrZaluli

iyos; metic, erTi uwyebis sagadasaxado

da sabaJo organoebi Semosavlebis

samsaxuris Semadgeneli

nawilebia. teqnikuri xasiaTis problemis

gadawyvetas ki kodeqsebis

gaerTianeba ar sWirdeba.

am gaerTianebas sxva dabrkolebis

Seqmnac SeuZlia mewarmeebisTvis _

arsebobs mTeli rigi mewarmeebisa,

romlebsac sabaJo kodeqsTan Sexeba

ar aqvT. maT mouwevT mniSvnelovnad

damZimebuli, sqeltaniani kanonis

Seswavla imisTvis, rom terminebis

ganmarteba an sxva raime niuansi ar

gamorCeT.

nebismieri xelisuflebisTvis ajobebs, sanam dabegvris sakiTxebis gadawyvetas

Seudgeba, waikiTxos Tundac `Cipolinos Tavgadasavali~ da gaiTvaliswinos princ

limonos bedi, romelmac gadasaxadebis daweseba scada JuJuna-Tavsxma-kokispirul

wvimaze.

boloTqma

dRes moqmedi kodeqsisa Tu Semo-

Tavazebuli proeqtis Seusabamobebze

dausruleblad SeiZleba saubari.

araferi miTqvams sauravebis

daricxvis wesis Secvlasa Tu mTavrobis

mier gadasaxadis ganakveTis

dawesebis uflebamosilebaze, terminologiur

Tu enobriv uxarisxobaze,

jarimebis araadekvaturobasa Tu

sagadasaxado samarTaldarRvevebis

kriminalizaciaze, kidev bevr, erTi

SexedviT, wvrilman sakiTxebze, romlebic

konkretul seriozul problemebTanaa

dakavSirebuli.

mniSvnelovani sxva ram gaxlavT _

nebismieri xelisuflebisTvis ajobebs,

sanam dabegvris sakiTxebis gadawyvetas

Seudgeba, waikiTxos Tundac

`Cipolinos Tavgadasavali~ da

gaiTvaliswinos princ limonos

bedi, romelmac gadasaxadebis daweseba

scada JuJuna-Tavsxma-kokispirul

wvimaze.

36 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


sazogadoeba

sovietologia

warsuli, romelic ar iqca

istoriad

erTaderTi gza, romelic sabWoTa warsuls dagvaSorebs,

misi Seswavla da gadafasebaa.

nino CimakaZe

1968 wels, studenturi amboxis

dros germaniaSi masobrivad da xmamaRla

pirvelad daisva kiTxva _ `Sen

iyavi nacisti?~ kiTxvas studentebi

_ ara sxvebs, aramed pirvel rigSi

sakuTar mSoblebs usvamdnen. istorikosebi

amboben, rom Tuki SeiZleba

davasaxeloT germaniaSi nacisturi

warsulis gadafasebis dawyebis TariRi,

es swored 1968 welia.

aRmosavleT evropas sabWoTa warsulis

gadafasebis talRam 1990-ianebSi

gadauara. CexeTi, slovakeTi,

ungreTi, bulgareTi da baltiispireTi

_ am qveynebma TiTqmis er-

Tdroulad, 1996 wels miiRes lustraciis

kanoni. maT gaasajaroes

warsuli imisTvis, rom is am erebis

nacionalur kompleqsad ar qceuliyo.

istorikosebi Tanxmdebian imazec,

rom realuri winsvla yofili totalitaruli

reJimis monawile qveyne-

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

bs mxolod misi safuZvliani kvlevis

Sedegad SeuZliaT.

sakuTar Tavze gamocdili sabWo-

Ta reJimis miuxedavad, es 70 weli

saqarTveloSi dRemde araa gamokvleuli.

sazogadoebisTvis cnobili

faqtebi sakmaod zedapirulia da ZiriTadad

zepirad gavrcelebul istoriebs

eyrdnoba. sabWoTa imperiis

daSlidan ori aTeuli wlis Semdegac

ki saqarTveloSi praqtikulad ar

arsebobs seriozuli literatura,

romlis saSualebiTac am periodis

gaanalizeba da gadafaseba gaxdeboda

SesaZlebeli. aq uSiSroebis arqivebic

sul ramdenime welia, gaixsna

da es masalebic arasrulyofilia,

radgan maTi didi nawili ganadgurebulia,

nawili ki ruseTSi inaxeba.

amitom, im ori siaxlis gamo, rac

wels moxda, 2010 weli saqarTveloSi

SeiZleba sovietologiis kvlevis dasawyisad

miviCnioT.

wels aq pirvelad daarsda sabWoTa

warsulze momuSave arasamTavrobo

organizacia, ilias universitetSi ki

gaixsna saswavlo programa, romelic

sabWoTa da postsabWoTa sistemebs

Seiswavlis.

`sabWoTa epoqa CvenTvis aris ise-

Ti warsuli, romelic jer istoria

ar gamxdara. is mogvdevs Sleifad da

faqtobrivad dRemde sabWoTa tradiciebSi

vcxovrobT~, _ acxadebs

programis xelmZRvaneli sergo ratiani.

socialur mecnierebaTa fakultetis

mesame kursis studenti, Tako

Tolordava erT-erTi pirvelia, vinc

ukve gadawyvita, swavla am mimarTulebiT

gaagrZelos. Tako sabWoTa

istoriiT SarSan dainteresda, roca

universitetSi saleqcio kursi `sabWoTa

reJimi da misi memkvidreoba~

gaiara.

`aRmovaCine, rom is, rac vicodi

37


sazogadoeba

sabWoTa warsulze, zRvaSi wveTi

iyo. Tu sworad ar gaviazrebT da

gavaanalizebT sabWoTa periods, is

problemebi rac dRes arsebobs, mougvarebeli

darCeba da samoqalaqo sazogadoebis

Camoyalibebasac didxans

ver SevZlebT~, _ ambobs mesame kurseli.

ilias universitetSi saleqcio

kurss _ sabWoTa istoriis Sesavals

istorikosi laSa baqraZe uZRveba. es

kursi arCeviT sagnad iswavleba da

mas bakalavrebi da magistrantebi

gadian.

`aranairi gardatexa ar moxdeba,

Tu sabWoTa warsuli ar gavaanalizeT.

amis naTeli magaliTia germania,

romelmac SeZlo, Tavisi warsulisTvis

Tvali gaesworebina~, _

acxadebs baqraZe da dasZens, rom am

periodis mxolod calsaxa da ideologizirebuli

Seswavla ar unda

moxdes, qarTvelebma ki, mxolod rogorc

msxverplma, ar unda warmovidginoT

Tavi:

`Cven msxverplic viyaviT da damnaSavec.

unda moxdes sabWoTa kavSiris

deideologizirebuli kritika

da mecnieruli kvleva~, _ ambobs

baqraZe.

deideologizaciis rekomendacias

aZlevs qarTvel mkvlevrebs politikur

mecnierebaTa amerikeli doqtori

timoTi bloveltic, romelic

ilias universitets stumrobda leqciiT

_ `sovietologiis istoria inglisurenovan

samyaroSi~.

`mesmis, rom rodesac sakuTar

Tavze gaqvT yvelaferi gamocdili,

Znelia obieqturi iyo, magram

Tu mecnieruli Seswavla da kvleva

gindaT, maSin ukeTesia, am epoqisgan

distancireba moxdes~, _ aRniSnavs

blovelti.

sergo ratiani am azrs ar eTanxme-

ba, radgan miiCnevs, rom sabWoTa totalitaruli

sistema calsaxad negatiuri

iyo da amitom misi dadebiTi

mxareebis Zieba uSedego iqneba:

`rogorc nacisturi germania iyo

totalitaruli saxelmwifo da is

iyo boroteba, aseve iyo sabWoTa kav-

Siric. amitom saWiroa, SeviswavloT,

Tu ram gamoiwvia totalitarizmi.

unda viyoT principulebi Rirebulebebis

SefasebaSi~, _ acxadebs ratiani.

ilias universitetSi am samagistro

kursze ucxoel profesorebs miiwveven.

swavlebas gauZRvebian qarTveli

profesorebic, romlebic sabWoTa

kavSirs sxvadasxva mimarTulebiT,

ukve ramdenime welia, ikvleven.

Tumca, radgan sabWoTa periodis

specialistebi cotani arian,

Tsu-s ruseTismcodneobis samagistro

programis meore kursis studenti

daTo jiSkariani ambobs, rom

saswavlo procesi universitetSi

srulyofili ar aris.

sabWoTa epoqas ori semestri eTmoba

ruseTismcodneobis programaSi,

romelic Tsu-s humanitarul

mecnierebaTa fakultetze 2008 wlidan

arsebobs. studentebi sabWoTa

istorias da sabWoTa ideologiur

sistemas cal-calke sagnebad swavloben

da amisTvis uSiSroebis arqivebsac

ikvleven.

programis xelmZRvanelis, profesor

dali kandelakis TqmiT, magistrantebis

yvelaze did interess

swored es ori sagani iwvevs.

Tumca, Tsu-Si amJamad aseTi dainteresebuli

sul eqvsi studenti

swavlobs. 2009 wels ki miReba magistraturis

am programaze saerTod

CaiSala, radgan ruseTisa da sabWoTa

sistemis kvleva arc erTma studentma

ar isurva. kandelaki amas studen-

tebis arasaTanado informirebulobas

abralebs:

`am kursis popularizacia universitetSi

ar xdeba, amitom ar vici,

momaval wels Tu mainc Sedgeba axali

jgufi~, _ aRniSnavs kandelaki.

24 wlis daTo jiSkarianma, romelic

manamde istoriis fakultetze

swavlobda, am programis arCeva 2008

wlis ruseT-saqarTvelos omis Semdeg

gadawyvita. `maSin davaskveni,

rom aucileblad gvWirdeba ruseTis

safuZvliani Seswavla. gansakuTrebiT

ki sabWoTa da Semdgomi periodis

gaanalizeba. dRes saqarTveloSi

gardamavali periodia da Tu gvinda,

rom es etapi warmatebulad gadavlaxoT,

aucileblad unda vicodeT, sad

viyaviT manamde~, _ ambobs jiSkariani,

romelic axla samagistro naSro-

`sabWoTa epoqa CvenTvis aris iseTi warsuli, romelic jer istoria ar gamxdara.

is mogvdevs Sleifad da faqtobrivad dRemde sabWoTa tradiciebSi vcxovrobT~.

misTvis 1937 wlis represiebis detalebs

ikvlevs.

msgavsi mizani aqvs wels daarsebul

7-wevrian arasamTavrobo organizaciasac

`sabWoTa warsulis

kvlevis laboratorias~, romelic

axla teroris topografiuli rukis

Seqmnaze muSaobs. rukaze daitanen

terorTan da represiebTan dakav-

Sirebul adgilebs: saxlebs, sadac

cxovrobdnen represirebulebi, cixeebs,

daxvretis adgilebs, saidumlo

organizaciebis Sexvedris adgilebsa

da konspiraciul binebs.

wlis bolosTvis organizacia vebgverdis

gakeTebasac apirebs, sadac

sabWoTa periodis Sesaxeb foto da

teqstur masalasa da uSiSroebis arqivebis

dokumentebsac atvirTaven.

Tumca is, rasac laboratoriaSi

akeTeben da is, rac or saxelmwifo

universitetSi ukve dainerga, qar-

Tuli sabWoTa warsulis gadasafaseblad

gadadgmuli jer mxolod pirveli

nabijebia.

38 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


olo ori kviraa, Tbilisis da

regionebis yvela skolis direqtori

Tavis rigs elodeba _ gana-

Tlebis saministroSi „arian dabarebulebi“.

iq misulebi specialur

komisias xvdebian da ramdenime

saaTis ganmavlobaSi Tav-TavianTi

skolebis saStato ganrigs ganixilaven.

`SiSiT velodebiT, ar viciT, iqidan

rom gamovalT, ra iqneba, _

ambobs erT-erTi maTgani, _ uceb

dagvibares, saswrafod unda mogvardes

yvelaferio“.

saStato ganrigebi direqtorebma,

didi xania, saministros gadaugzavnes,

Tumca maTi TqmiT, am

dokumentacias ganaTlebis saministroSi

bolo dromde yuradRebas

ar aqcevdnen. axla ki masalis

daCqarebul ganxilvas maswavle-

blebisa da skolis sxva TanamSromlebis

samsaxuridan gaTavisufleba

sdevs Tan.

skolidan TanamSromlebis

saswrafo gaSveba, romelsac gana-

Tlebis saministroSi kategoriulad

ar naTlaven „Semcirebad“,

maisis arCevnebis Semdeg ganaTlebis

saministros mier wamowyebuli

meore mtkivneuli cvlilebaa,

romelic pirvels _ direqtorebis

daniSvnis proeqts mohyva kvaldakval

da masTan kavSirSia.

am proeqtis mixedviT, romelic

parlamentma, savaraudod, seqtemberSi

unda daamtkicos, saqarTvelos

ori aTasamde skolaSi direqtorebs

mxolod saministrosTan

gasaubrebis Semdeg gaanawileben.

direqtorTa daniSvnis proeqtis

erT-erTi iniciatori TviTonac

sazogadoeba

ganaTleba

saministroSi dabarebulebi

ukve Cans imis niSnebi, Tu risTvis sWirdeba ganaTlebis saministros 2 aTasamde

sajaro skolaSi direqtorebis daniSvna.

rusudan fanoziSvili

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

dimitri SaSkinis Sexvedra skolebis direqtorebTan

direqtoria, Tanac _ arCeuli.

aluda gogliCiZe 42-e sajaro

skolis direqtorad 3 wlis win

sameurveo sabWom airCia. Tumca,

axla ambobs, rom sameurveo sabWoebi

saTanadod kompetenturebi ar

iyvnen, maTTvis amxela pasuxismgebloba

rom dagvekisrebina, ris

gamoc maT bevr skolaSi Rirseuli

direqtorebi ver airCies.

gogliCiZe am iniciativis kritikosTa

mosazrebas eTanxmeba da acxadebs,

rom direqtorebis daniSvna

swored zogadi ganaTlebis sistemis

centralizaciisken gadadgmuli nabijia,

Tumca amaSi cuds verafers

xedavs: „fsevdodemokratias nu vi-

TamaSebT... unda daisvas kiTxva: visia

skola? ganaTlebis saministro

aris skolis damfuZnebeli da is

aris masze pasuxismgebelic“.

ganaTlebis ministri da aluda

gogliCiZe amtkiceben, rom axal

iniciativas yvela direqtori didi

mowonebiT Sexvda. Tumca, „liberali“

esaubra direqtorebs, romelTa

nawilsac, miuxedavad imisa,

rom uflebebi ezrdebaT, cvlileba

mainc Secdomad miaCnia.

„skolebis avtonomiurobis ideas

bolo moeReba, es skolebze kontrolis

mopovebis iaraRi iqneba“,

_ ambobs Tbilisis erT-erTi sajaro

skolis direqtori, romelmac,

ramdenime kolegis msgavsad,

gvTxova, misi vinaoba ar dagvesaxelebina:

imis gamo, rom saministros

gadawyvetilebisadmi kritikuli

damokidebuleba aqvT, direqtorebs

samsaxuris dakargvis eSiniaT.

ukan gadadgmul nabijad miaCnia

39


sazogadoeba

es cvlileba 161-e skolis direqtors,

miSa mindaZesac, Tumca, imasac

dasZens, rom sxva gamosavali ar

iyo. „sameurveo sabWoebma marTla

ar gaamarTla, vidre sxva gamosavali

moiZebneba, Cemi azriT, daniSvna

tragedia araa~, _ ambobs mindaZe.

oTxwliani muSaobis Tavze sameurveo

sabWoebis araefeqturoba

arc ganaTlebis eqspertebisTvisaa

sakamaTo da arc direqtorebis-

Tvis. sabWos bevrma wevrma sakuTari

funqciebis gaazreba marTlac

ver SeZlo. skolis saerTo interesebis

nacvlad ki, direqtorebis

TqmiT, sabWos maswavlebeli wevrebi

xelfasis momatebaze fiqrobdnen,

mSoblebi _ Svilebis maRal

niSnebze.

„ki magram, rodis da rogor dai-

xvewebian sameurveo sabWoebi, Tu

maT uflebebs ase SevuzRudavT?

ganviTareba gamocdilebam ar unda

moitanos?~ _ kiTxvas svams Tbilisis

erT-erTi sajaro skolis ar-

Ceuli direqtori. 165-e skolis

direqtors, lia gigaurs ki miaCnia,

rom skolis sameurveo sabWoebi

mxolod im SemTxvevaSi gaamar-

Tlebs, Tu mis wevrebs saTanadod

gadaamzadeben.

direqtorebis daniSvnis gadawyvetilebas

TviTon ganaTlebis

ministri, dimitri SaSkini imiT

xsnis, rom lototronis sistemam

ar imuSava, daniSvnis Semdeg ki is

direqtorebic ufro igrZnoben pasuxismgeblobas,

romlebic dRemde

arc aurCeviaT da arc daumtkicebiaT

da movaleobis Semsrulebleblad

rCebian.

pirveli mniSvnelovani pasuxismgebloba

ki, rasac dasaniSni direqtorebi,

saministros gadawyve-

tilebiT, sakuTar Tavze aiReben,

swored skolebis saStato ganrigis

Semcireba iqneba. maswavleblis

sruli ganakveTi 18 saaTia, vinc

kviraSi amaze gacilebiT naklebs

muSaobs, unda gaaTavisuflon. zog

skolaSi biblioTekarisa da organizatoris

saWiroebis sakiTxi daayenes

eWvqveS, zogan _ eqimebisa

da eqTnebis, _ maTi saqme axla

mandaturebmac iciano.

„me biblioTekari gamaSvebines,

romelic Zalian mWirdeboda“, _

ambobs erTi direqtori. 165-e skolis

direqtorma, lia gigaurma ki,

vidre saministroSi Sexvedraze

wavidoda, TviTonve daiwyo Statebis

Sekvecaze zrunva: `xelovnebis

erTma maswavlebelma, romelsac

cota saaTi hqonda, ukve datova

skola, meores ki, romelic ukve

moxucia, axla vuTxari, xom ar ifiqrebT

skolidan wasvlaze-meTqi“,

_ ambobs lia gigauri.

maswavleblebis arakvalificiuri

nawili rom Sesamcirebelia, amaze

ganaTlebis sferos eqspertebi,

didi xania, msjeloben. Tumca, direqtorebi

`liberalTan~ saubarSi

acxadeben, rom pedagogebis da-

Txovnis saSualebas bolo 3 wlis

ganmavlobaSi maT TviTon ganaTlebis

saministro ar aZlevda.

„Cems maswavleblebs Tavidan samTviani

xelSekrulebebi gavuforme.

es maT motivacias umaRlebda.

mere saministroSi gviTxres, _

erTwliani xelSekruleba daude-

To, Semdeg _ samwliani, bolos _

uvadoo“, _ ixsenebs erT-erTi ar-

Ceuli direqtori, romelic aseve

inkognitod darCenas gvTxovs.

„gamodis, rom maswavleblebis

ganawyeneba ar undodaT. ase rom

ar yofiliyo, aqamde dabali kvalifikaciis

mqone maswavleblebi

isedac aRar unda darCeniliyvnen

skolaSi. axla ki, araswori principiT,

„saStato ganrigis daxvewis~

argumentiT, naCqarevad gviwevs

brZanebis Sesruleba, Tan is maswavleblebi

toveben skolas, visac

naklebi saaTi aqvs, da ara isini,

vinc cudad aswavlis. naklebi saaTebi

ki ufro axalgazrdebs aqvT.

amitom, bevr karg maswavlebels

mouwevs skolidan wasvla~, _ ambobs

erT-erTi direqtori.

direqtorTa asociaciis aRmasrulebel

direqtors, Tea TuTberiZes

miaCnia, rom maswavleblebis

ukmayofilebis gamowvevas aqamde

ganaTlebis saministro adgilobrivi

TviTmmarTvelobis arCev-

sajaro skolebidan direqtorebis mier kadrebis gaTavisufleba SeiZleba imis

pirvel niSnad CaiTvalos, rom saministro centralizebul sistemaSi daniSnul

direqtorebs legitimurad gamoiyenebs sakuTari miznebis gansaxorcieleblad.

nebis gamo erideboda. Tumca, realurad,

ganaTlebis saministro

maT arc axla gaanawyenebs. am saqmes

direqtorebi Seasruleben _

`saStato ganrigis daxvewis mizniT“.

„ra, pasuxismgeblobas sakuTar

Tavze ver iRebo? _ miTxres, roca

winaaRmdegobis gaweva da biblio-

Tekaris Statis SenarCuneba vcade,

_ ambobs erTi direqtori da

dasZens, _ verafers gavxdi”.

xuTi wlis winaT dawyebuli gana-

Tlebis reformebis kursi ukve Sefarvis

gareSe icvleba, rasac direqtorebis

daniSvnis Sesaxeb bolo

iniciativac adasturebs. sajaro skolebidan

direqtorebis mier kadrebis

gaTavisufleba ki SeiZleba imis pirvel

niSnad CaiTvalos, rom saministro

centralizebul sistemaSi daniSnul

direqtorebs legitimurad

gamoiyenebs sakuTari miznebis gansaxorcieleblad.

40 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


sazogadoeba

samedicino Jurnali `mkurnali.ji~

geSinodeT sakuTari vnebebis

samedicino Jurnal `mkurnalis~ veb-gverdze, Jurnalis eqimebi onlain pacientebs,

samedicino konsultaciis nacvlad, sasuliero SegonebebiT moZRvraven.

anita Tvauri

`minda mogiyveT Cemze. var 18 wlis

gogona. bavSvobidan mizidavda gogonebTan

urTierToba... vcade biWTan

kontaqtic, vifiqre, raRac Seicvleboda,

magram _ piriqiT. vici, sazogadoebisTvis

miuRebelia da es Zalian

maSinebs. hormonebi gamovikvlie da

yvelaferi normaSi maqvs. fsiqolog-

Tan davdiodi da araferi gansakuTrebuli

ar uTqvams, garda daSinebisa,

rom sazogadoeba gamriyavs. mainteresebs

amaze Tqveni azri. gmadlobT

winaswar~, _ am kiTxviT ucnobma gogonam

samedicino Jurnalis _ `ojaxis

mkurnalis~ eqimebs amave Jurnalis

veb-gverdis meSveobiT mimarTa.

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

`Tqven sazogadoebis ki ara, sakuTari

vnebebis unda geSinodeT. pirovnebas

sazogadoeba ki ar aqcevs zurgs,

aramed igi Tavad aqcevs sazogadoebas

zurgs. unda icodeT, rom jansaRi sazogadoeba

taSs ver daukravs homoseqsualebsa

da lesboselebs. maSin ra

daaSaves narkomanebma, isinic xom Tavis

survilebs ikmayofileben?~ _ iyo

pasuxi.

samedicino Jurnali `mkurnali~,

romelic 2001 wlidan, or kviraSi

erTxel gamodis beWduri saxiT, ukve

ori welia, Tavis erTgul mkiTxvels

yvelaze intimuri kiTxvebis dasmis

saSualebas aZlevs _ anonimurad, veb-

gverdis saSualebiT. `aravisTvis aris

saidumlo, rom dRes sazogadoebis

udides nawils samedicino momsaxurebaze

xeli ar miuwvdeba... bevri xsnas

TviTmkurnalobaSi eZebs. samwuxarod,

aseT dros Secdomis albaToba didia,

Secdomis gamosworeba ki medicinaSi

TiTqmis yovelTvis rodi xerxdeba~...

_ ase xsnis `mkurnalis~ redaqcia virtualuri

kiTxva-pasuxis mizans da

mkiTxvels arwmunebs, rom pacientebis

kiTxvebze pasuxebs profesionali,

sertificirebuli eqimebi weren.

seqsisa da homoseqsualobis Temebi

Cvens sazogadoebaSi dRemde tabuirebulia.

sajarod amis Sesaxeb

41

ilustracia sofo kirTaZe / wignis saxelosno


sazogadoeba

yviTeli presis an sensaciuri gadacemebis

formatSi Tu laparakoben.

radio `Tavisuflebis~ korespondentis,

kulturolog salome asaTianis

azriT, tabus uryevad SenarCunebas

sami faqtori uwyobs xels: sabWoTa

mentaliteti, romlis mixedviTac homoseqsualoba

kriminalad iTvleboda,

kavkasiuri kulturuli tradiciebi

da marTlmadidebluri eklesiis gavlena.

albaT amitomac sqesobriv problemebze

eqimebTan pirispir laparakis

nacvlad, `mkurnalis~ anonimur

momsaxurebas bevri amjobinebs. es ki

am veb-gverdis mzard popularobas

ganapirobebs. `top.ji~-s monacemebiT,

romelic qarTuli internet-gverdebis

reitings zomavs, `mkurnals~ _

kviraSi 3 aTasamde unikaluri momxmarebeli,

dReSi ki 500 vizitori hyavs.

aq moqalaqeebisgan zogjer dReSi asi

kiTxvac ki Sedis. dRemde am veb-gverds

konsultaciisTvis 8 aTasamde virtualurma

pacientma mimarTa.

veb-gverdis im ganyofilebebSi,

romlebSic stomatologiis, onkologiis

Tu qirurgiis sferodan kiTxvebi

qveyndeba, pasuxebi marTlac samedicino

xasiaTisaa. magram rogorc ki ki-

Txva adamianis seqsualur cxovrebas

exeba, `mkurnalebis~ toni mkacri da

Semgonebluri xdeba. eqimi-konsultantis

nacvlad, im wuTas dogmatikosi

Teologi laparakobs.

ai, magaliTad gogona, romelic

SeyvarebulTan seqsualuri aqtis Semdeg

sisxlis denis mizeziT dainteresda,

`mkurnalis~ konsultantisgan

aseT pasuxs iRebs: `yvelafers rom

Tavisi saxeli davarqvaT, Tqven CaidineT

siZvis codva~.

msgavs pasuxs iReben analuri an

oraluri seqsis zianis miyenebis albaTobiT

dainteresebuli mkiTxvelebic.

`oraluri seqsi iseTive simaxinjea,

rogoric iqneboda, magaliTad

ukana tanidan Wama, yurebidan mo-

Sardva an TvalebiT siaruli. ufalma

adamiani Seqmna srulyofil arsebad....

[mis] TiToeul organos garkveuli

daniSnuleba da funqcia aqvs da rodesac

adamiani cdilobs funqciaTa

Secvlas, igi kanonzomierebis winaaRmdeg

midis, anu ufals ewinaaRmdegeba~,

_ pasuxoben samedicino konsultaciis

momlodine pacientebs eqimebi.

`Tqven mamakacad gaCndiT da mamakacuri

orientacia Tqveni sakuTrebaa.

aratradiciuli orientaciis mimdevrebi

romeli sqesis warmomadgenlebi

arian? mgoni _ arc erTis, adamians ki

sqesi aucileblad unda hqondes. gamodis,

rom roca orientacias icvli,

`oraluri seqsi iseTive simaxinjea, rogoric

iqneboda, magaliTad ukana tanidan Wama, yurebidan

moSardva an TvalebiT siaruli. ufalma adamiani

Seqmna srulyofil arsebad...~

adamianobaze ambob uars~, _ aseTia

maTi pasuxi seqsualuri umciresobebis

mimarT. `mkurnalis~ eqimebi

pacientebs moZRvarTan misvlas da

monaniebas, an `sapatriarqosTan arsebul

fsiqologiuri daxmarebis centrSi~

vizits urCeven.

`mkurnali.ji~-s veb-gverdis mier

daqiravebuli eqimebis CamonaTvalSi

eqvsi Terapevti, qirurgi, pediatri,

eqim-epidemiologi da erTi fsiqologi

Sedis. Tumca, yvela sxva saxis

kiTxvebisgan gansxvavebiT, adamianebis

intimur cxovrebaze pasuxebi eqimis

miTiTebis gareSe qveyndeba. Jurnalis

mTavari redaqtori Tamar mamacaSvili

`liberalTan~ satelefono

saubarSi ambobs, rom eqimis saxelis

miTiTeba saWiro arcaa, radgan mar-

Talia, kiTxvebs sxvadasxva eqimi pasuxobs,

magram maTi pasuxebi redaqciis

erTiani poziciaa, Sinaarsze pasuxsac,

Sesabamisad, redaqcia agebs.

`mkurnali.ji~-s redaqcia daxurul,

gasaidumloebul organizacias hgavs.

`Tu ginda, bnelebi gviwodeT, Tqveni

azri Cven Sesaxeb mniSvnelovani ar

aris. Cvens religiur Sexedulebebze

veb-gverdze ukve davwereT da amaze

saubars saWirod aRar vTvliT. Tu

vinmes Cveni religiuri Sexedulebebi

aRizianebs, es maTi problemaa~, _ am

sityvebiT gveubneba uars Tamar mamacaSvili

redaqciaSi stumrobaze.

`Cven yvelaferze erTiani pozicia

gvaqvs da Tu rame kiTxva gaqvT, Tamar

mamacaSvili gagcemT pasuxs~, _

gvpasuxobs Jurnalis erT-erTi eqimi

marika dvali, romelic, `mkurnalis~

garda, `aversis klinikaSic~ muSaobs.

`eqimi uwinaresad profesionali

unda iyos, romlis kompetenciaSic ar

Sedis imis dadgena, Tu ra aris codva~,

_ acxadebs salome asaTiani.

`msgavsi pasuxebi eqimebis imijs

azianebs~, _ ganmartavs samecniero kvleviTi

centris RADIX-is prezidenti

zurab alxaniSvili. misi TqmiT, pacients

eqimTan misvlamde isedac fsiqologiuri

barieris gadalaxva uwevs,

rogoricaa SiSi, moridebuloba da

intimur sakiTxebze saubari. am fonze

ki eqimebis aseTi pasuxebi `arakompetenturoba

da samedicino eTikis

darRvevaa~.

saqarTvelos eqimis kodeqsi 2003

wels saqarTvelos eqimTa pirvelma

kongresma miiRo. am kodeqsis mixedviT,

`eqimi pativs unda scemdes pacientis

pirovnebas, mis kulturul,

sulier da moralur faseulobebs~.

jandacvis saministrosTan arsebuli

profesiuli ganviTarebis sabWo, samedicino

SecdomebTan erTad, samedicino

eTikis darRvevis faqtebsac

ganixilavs. Tumca, eqimis eTikurobis

sakiTxi sabWom mxolod mas Semdeg

SeiZleba ganixilos, rac mas pacienti

mimarTavs saCivriT. `amgvari Jurnalis

Sesaxeb araferi msmenia. miT

umetes, rodesac internetSi dasmul

kiTxvebzea saubari, ra garantia gva-

42 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


qvs, rom marTlac eqimi pasuxobs? Tu

vinmem Seuracxyofilad igrZno Tavi,

mogvmarTos, daasabuTos, rom pasuxi

marTlac sertificirebulma eqimma

gasca da Cven gamovikvlevT~, _ ambobs

jandacvis saministros aparatis

ufrosi Tamar manjaviZe.

Tumca, `mkurnali.ji~-sTvis dRemde

aravis uCivlia. isic gaurkvevelia,

akmayofilebT Tu ara virtualur

pacientebs samedicino rCevebis nacvlad

gacemuli sasuliero Segonebebi.

amitom mxolod SeiZleba vivaraudoT,

rogor grZnobs Tavs pasuxebis

miRebis Semdeg Tundac is 18 wlis

gogona, romelmac, anonimurobis imediT,

gabeda da yvelaze intimur seqsualur

saidumloebaze sajarod

ilaparaka. `adamianebs, romlebic ver

umklavdebian sakuTar ltolvas da

verc sazogadoebriv wnexs uZleben,

romelic mas codvilis, garyvnilis

iarliys akravs, Sinagani konfliqti

uRvivdebaT da negatiuri TviTSefaseba

uyalibdebaT. aman ki, mZime SemTxvevaSi,

adamiani SeiZleba suicidamdec

ki miiyvanos~, _ acxadebs qalTa

iniciativebis mxardamWeri jgufis

direqtori, eka aRdgomelaSvili.

miuxedavad amisa, `mkurnalis~ vebgverdze

amgvar komentarebs stumrebi

mainc iSviaTad toveben: `mixaria, rom

aseTi kargi veb-gverdi arsebobs, magram

rodesac konkretuli SekiTxviT

mogmarTaven da Tqven morals ukiTxavT,

ratom aZlevT Tavs amis uflebas,

rom sxva adamiani gansajoT, esec xom

aramarTlmadidebluria?~

kidev ufro kritikuli Sefasebebi

ki mxolod sxva veb-gverdebze da

socialur qsel `feisbuqSi~ vrceldeba:

`rwmenisTvis arsebobs eklesia...

magram me roca mainteresebs pasuxi

imaze, Tu ratom maslokinebs samSaba-

TobiT, amaze unda miviRo pasuxi, da

ara marxvaze da sulier wiaRsvlebze~.

`eqimi valdebulia, umkurnalos

sxeulsac da ecados, dadebiTi muxti

Seitanos pacientis sulier mdgomareobaSi.

es maTi gankiTxvisTvis ki ara,

maTsave sasikeTod keTdeba~, _ pasu-

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

xobs redaqcia, sadac acxadeben, rom

`mkurnalis~ mimarT kritika bolo

xans gaxSirda, imata redaqciaSi agresiuli

Sinaarsis zarebmac.

mRvdel vladimer vaxtangaZes

`mkurnalis~ Sesaxeb arasdros smenia,

mis sawinaaRmdegos verafers xedavs,

magram acxadebs: `nebismierma eqimma,

pirvel rigSi, sakuTari misia unda

Seasrulos pirnaTlad. misi valdebulebaa,

pacienti gankurnos. Tuki, is

kompetenturia religiur sakiTxebSi,

dasaSvebia, rCeva misces, magram eqimisgan

fsiqologiuri Zaladoba ar

unda modiodes~.

miuxedavad imisa, rom eTikis kodeqsi

eqimebs avaldebulebs, pacients

sruli informacia miawodon sakuTari

daavadebis Sesaxeb, maT arc erT

pasuxSi ar uxsenebiaT is, rom jandacvis

saerTaSoriso organizaciam 1990

wels homoseqsualoba daavadebaTa

klasifikatoridan amoiRo. samedicino

praqtikas ki, rogorc eka aRdgomelaSvili

ambobs, homoseqsualobisgan

`gankurnebis~ SemTxveva ar axsovs.

salome asaTianis SefasebiT, imis

nacvlad, rom eqimebi sazogadoebaSi

gamefebuli stereotipebis winaaRmdeg

gamodiodnen, TavianTi pasuxebiT

isini Tavad Tesaven Seuracxmyofel

da siZulviliT gaJRenTil kliSeebs.

iseT pasuxebs, rogoricaa _ homoseqsualoba

udris `adamianobaze

uaris Tqmas~ da `bunebis winaaRmdeg

wasvlas~ _ medicinasTan araferi

aqvs saerTo. es mxolod iaffasiani

moralizmis magaliTia~, _ dasZens

asaTiani.

`mkurnalis~ redaqciaSi acxadeben,

rom maTi kiTxva-pasuxis onlain sistema

upirispirdeba gaumarTav jandacvis

sistemas da TviTmkurnalobis

SemTxvevebs, rac xSiria, imitom rom

adamianebi eqimebs ver mimarTaven. Tumca,

im konsultacias, rasac isedac

daxurul sazogadoebaSi `mkurnali~

pacients sTavazobs, SesaZloa, kidev

ufro mZime Sedegi hqondes, vidre fizikuri

travmebi da sakuTar seqsualur

orientaciaSi gaurkvevlobaa.

sazogadoeba

gamoiwereT

Jurnali

liberali

beWduri versia

12 nomeri _ 3 Tve

22 lari

24 nomeri _ 6 Tve

45 lari

48 nomeri _ 1 weli

90 lari

PDF versia

12 nomeri _ 3 Tve

13 lari

24 nomeri _ 6 Tve

25 lari

48 nomeri _ 1 weli

50 lari

Jurnalis gamosawerad

dagvikavSirdiT telefonebze:

23 37 31, (899) 48 62 41

an mogvawodeT Tqveni

sakontaqto informacia

el-fostiT: info@liberali.ge

43


sazogadoeba

Tvalsazrisi

ra elis operas?

nestan TaTaraSvili, arqiteqtor-restavratori

Tbilisis operas samSeneblo Robe

aqvs Semovlebuli. uaxloes xanSi

misi aRdgena-ganaxlebis procesia

dagegmili, rac kidev erTxel gvaxsenebs

am didebuli Senobis saintereso

istorias, romelic 1896 wlis 3

noembers, „Tbilisis saxazino operis

Teatris“ saxeliT, sazeimod gaixsna.

Senobas rekonstruqcia pirvelad

1954 wels Cautares, magram maSin

mxolod foie da darbazis morTuloba

Secvales. 1961 wels operis

scena daamSvena cnobili qarTveli

mxatvris sergo qobulaZis mier moxatulma

fardam. Tumca, 1973 wlis

9 maiss momxdari xanZris gamo, roca

Teatris didi nawili ganadgurda,

Senobis sruli ganaxleba gaxda sa-

Wiro. arqiteqtorebis, leri meZmariaSvilis

da murTaz CaCaniZis

gamarjvebuli proeqtis mixedviT,

Teatris interieri gafarTovda da

Tavdapirveli garegnobac srulad

SeunarCunda. Tumca, sergo qobula-

Tbilisis opera

dangreuli saxli

TabukaSvilis quCaze

Zis mier moxatuli farda maSin ar

aRudgeniaT. baton leri meZmariaSvilis

TqmiT, es sakiTxi TiTqmis

gadawyvetili iyo, magram amas mxatvris

gardacvalebam SeuSala xeli.

dRes opera kvlav SesakeTebelia.

amjerad fundamentis gamagreba, fasadebisa

da interieris restavracia

da scenis ukana sivrcis gegmarebiTi

gaumjobeseba igegmeba. Tumca qobulaZis

fardis aRdgenis sakiTxi

dRes saerTod ar ganixileba.

operis ganaxlebis samuSaoebs

kvlav arqiteqtori leri meZmariaS-

vili uxelmZRvanelebs. Tumca, Cndeba

kiTxva _ rogor ganaaxleben operas,

rusTavelisa da marjaniSvilis

Teatrebis, an universitetis msgavsad

xom ara? miT umetes, rom damfinansebeli

igivea _ biZina ivaniSvili,

rac imas niSnavs, rom finansebi

uSurvelad gamoiyofa, xarisxze ki

aravin iqneba pasuxismgebeli. Zegl-

Ta dacvis saxelmwifo struqturebi

rom vargodes, es ase ar iqneboda,

magram CvenTvis es xom dauZleveli

problemaa.

operasTan erTad ganaxldeba misi

mimdebare teritoriac, radgan ukve

operis sakuTrebaSia TabukaSvilisa

da laRiZis quCebis kuTxeSi arsebuli

nasaxlari N44/3. es Senoba, romelsac

adgilobrivi mniSvnelobis arqiteqturuli

Zeglis statusi hqonda

miniWebuli, gasul wels daingra. mis

gverdiT arsebuli operis saxelosnoebic

dangreulia da am Senobebis

perimetrze axla administraciisa

da saxelosnoebisTvis axali Senobis

agebis idea muSavdeba, rac dauSvebelia,

erTi mxriv, Tavad operis Senobis

mniSvnelobidan gamomdinare, da

N44/3 saxlis arqiteqturuli Rirsebis

gamoc.

2004 wels am saxlis dacvis TxovniT

mivmarTe kulturis ministris

maSindel moadgiles, nikoloz va-

CeiSvils, romelmac araferi iRona

mis gadasarCenad. ramdenime wlis Semdeg

ki saxlis zeda sarTuli daiwva

da male amas Senobis sruli demontaJic

mohyva. arada, me-19 saukunis

Tbilisuri saxlis am nimuSs, me-20

saukunis dasawyisSi modernis stilis

farTo rekonstruqcia Cautarda.

mas evropuli stilis fasadebi

amSvenebda TabukaSvilis da laRiZis

44 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


quCebis mxridan. modernis liTonis

aivnebi da sadarbazos kibis moajirebi

ki, ukana ezos moxaratebul

qarTul aivnebTan erTad, xuroTmo-

ZRvrebis saukeTeso sinTezs qmnida.

Zveli Tbilisis gamorCeuli Zeglis

_ operisa da misi mimdebare

Senobebis TviTmyofadoba aucileblad

unda SenarCundes. Tumca,

radgan #44/3 saxli axla sxva funqcias

iZens, misi fasadebis aRdgenac

sakmarisi iqneba. am azrs iziarebs

xelovnebaTmcodne gia WaniSvilic,

romelmac TabukaSvilis N44/3 saxlis

kvleva operis dakveTiT 2009

wels ganaxorciela. operis direqtori

daviT sayvareliZec aRdgenis

momxrea. sabednierod, am SemTxvevaSi

arc finansuri problemaa dabrkoleba

da saxlis fasadebis aRdgenisTvis

yvela saWiro fotoc mogvepoveba.

maSin ra gviSlis xels? ratom vRelavT?

imitom, rom jer kidev gasuli

wlidan, roca aRniSnuli saxlebis

ngreva mimdinareobda, laparaki

iyo maT adgilas Tvisobrivad axali

saxlis mSeneblobaze, romlis saproeqto

winadadeba amjerad ukve

damuSavebis stadiaSia. gaTvaliswinebulia

ucxoeli arqiteqtorebis

CarTvac, rac savsebiT realuria,

radgan bolo wlebis TbilisSi ucxoeli

ostatebis xmauriani popularizacia

da konkursis gareSe maTi monawileoba

sxvadasxva proeqtSi lamis

tradiciad iqca. Tumca, es sqema ukve

yvelasaTvis gaSifrulia da did saidumlos

ar warmoadgens _ ucxoeli

partniori, Tu Suamavali qarTvelebi,

amaSi sarfian sargebels naxuloben

da, rac mTavaria, Tavidan iSoreben

yvelaze mniSvnelovan problemas

_ Sedegebze pasuxismgeblobas.

sazogadoebam uyuradRebod ar

unda datovos es sakiTxi. Zveli

Tbilisis am ganumeorebelma adgilma

Tavisi xibli da TviTmyofadoba

unda SeinarCunos, aRdgenil operas

ki kvlav unda amSvenebdes qobula-

Zis eskiziT Seqmnili istoriuli

farda.

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

sandro naveriani

jer amas vityvi: erT-erT qarTul

sportul veb-gverdze _ www.worldsport.ge

_ komentarebSi gverdis mki-

Txvelebi aqtiurad deben erT da

imave links warweriT _ `amisulaSvils

xmebi! eRirsaT, gadagvaswres

CaTlaxebma...~ mocemuli linkiT

Sedixar nalCikis `spartakis~ oficialur

veb-gverdze, sadac gamotanilia

ruseTis Cempionatis bolo

turis saukeTeso fexburTelTa

reitingi, reitings ki veb-gverdis

mkiTxvelebi adgenen. amisulaSvili

xan pirvelzea da xan meoreze, amis

mizezi worldsport.ge-s mohakero mki-

Txvelebi arian. iqve aris sxva komentaric:

`totaluri gayalbeba 2: rogor

mivceT amisulaSvils uTvalavi

xma~... da moyvanilia instruqcia, Tu

ra unda qna imisTvis, rom amisulaSvils

uTvalavi xma misce. qarTveli

fexburTeli internet gamokiTxviT

saukeTeso fexburTeli Tu gaxdeba,

mere ra vqnaT, davijeroT, rom is

sporti

maradonas isini uyvars

italia _ slovakeTis safexburTo matCi

saukeTesoa ruseTSi?

sanam Cven aq Tavs vityuebT, samxreT

afrikaSi yvelaze saintereso

iwyeba _ fleiofi. frangebma ukve

Caalages Cemodnebi. jobda, arc amoelagebinaT.

gulwrfelad vambob,

hondurasi da alJiri gacilebiT

saintereso da sanaxaobriv fexburTs

TamaSoben, vidre frangebi... da vidre

italielebi... amitomac miyvnen

frangebs.

wlevandel mundialze italiis er-

TaderTi imedi marCelo lipi iyo,

Tumca gamoCnda, rom don marCelo

daberda da veRar xedavs TamaSs. jer

aSkarad Secda, rodesac mundialze

ar waiyvana kasano (da ara marto),

romelsac gundis zurgze akideba

SeeZlo da meorec, cvlilebebi, romelic

gasuli sami matCis msvlelobisas

gaakeTa lipim, ubralod uazro

iyo. vfiqrob, esTeturi TvalsazrisiT

mundials italiis da safrange-

Tis gavardniT araferi daakldeba.

45


sporti

sakmaod kargi gundi hyavT amerikelebs.

pragmatul fexburTs Tama-

Soben, magram maTTvis jerjerobiT

yvelaze mniSvnelovani Sedegia _

brazilieli gulSematkivariviT maT

ver mosTxov, _ Tan Sedegi maCvene da

Tan lamazado. vfiqrob, amerikelebi

kidev Sors wavlen da naxevarfinalamde

miaRweven, sadac maTi metoqe holandia

an brazilia unda iyos.

meore naxevarfinalSi erTmaneTs,

darwmunebuli var, espaneTi

da argentina daupirispirdebian.

espanelebi mervedfinalSi portugaliasTan

iTamaSeben, ufro sworad

kriStianu ronaldusTan, romelsac

jerjerobiT araferi gansakuTrebuli

ar gaukeTebia. meoTxedfinalSi

espanelebs, wesiT, mowesrigebuli iaponelebi

Sexvdebian, kunZulelebis

damarcxeba ki ar unda gauWirdeT.

mundialis dawyebamde da axlac

sokeris bevri moyvaruli Tu specialisti

skeptikurad uyurebda

maradonas mwvrTnelobas, maT Soris

_ mec. simarTle giTxraT, arc

axla mgonia, vTqvaT, fatih Terimze

didi taqtikosi, magram samuzeumo

saxelis garda, mas aqvs is, rac unda

hqondes yvela mwvrTnels da mgoni,

aravis aqvs _ maradonas uyvars,

Zalian uyvars Tavisi fexburTelebi.

arasodes vyofilvar argentinis

gulSematkivari, magram minda-ar minda,

roca maT TamaSs vuyureb, msiamovnebs,

ubralod imitom, rom fexbur-

Ti miyvars, da maJrialebs, rodesac

vxedav, rom maradona kocnis diego

militos, romelic moedanze parketiviT

iyo da araferi saintereso

ar gaukeTebia. amitomac Semiyvarda

maradona, rogorc mwvrTneli, amitomac

momwons axla misi taqtikuri

monaxazic da TamaSis gadawyobac,

cvlilebebic, romelsac akeTebs da

misi pijakic, romelSic Zalian sasaciloa.

sokeris yvela moyvaruls vusurveb,

male gvenaxos uJmuri mourinio,

romelic Tavis moTamaSeebs kocnis.

da sxvebic.

vedrebis dro

am Jurnals rom gadafurclavT,

ukve gecodinebaT, rogor damTavrda

kviras, naSuadRevs germaniainglisis

mervedfinali. me kidev,

marCielobas rom averido, mogaxsenebT,

rom msoflio Cempionatis

gio axvlediani, londoni

dasrulebamde bevri aRaraferi

darCa da Cempioni ki kvlavac ucnobia.

aseTi Tviseba aqvs msoflio Cempionats,

sul bolo wuTamde Cempioni

ucnobia xolme. kai, ar gabra-

46 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


safrangeTi _ irlandiis safexburTo matCi

zdeT. vxumrob, da mgoni _ arcTu

vargisad.

diego maradona rom locvaSi iyo

mTeli es dro, mogexsenebaT da misma

xvevna-kocnebma erTi ingliseli

Jurnalistis TavSi SekiTxvac

liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37

warmoSva, _ Tqveno, yvelasTan ase

siyvaruliT xarTo, biWebs exveviT

da kocniTo, da rogor fiqrobT,

es saqmes exmarebao? maradonam Sua

TargmanSi daatyo, rom gei ambavSi

xlarTavdnen, Tumca es mTargmnelis

brali ufro iyo, vidre SekiTxvis

avtorisa da, _ ara Zmao, qalebis

trfiali varo.

ras gaugeben samxreTeli kacebis

xvevna-kocnas Crdiloelebi, anda

pirjvris weras da krialosanis mravaljer

ambors.

imaT Taviseburi ambavi aqvT, amaT

_ Taviseburi. ai, wina kviraSi inglisma

rom orgzis Seircxvina Tavi,

ambavi gavrcelda, _ meore fres Semdeg

nirwamxdarma kroidonis episkoposma

locva dawerao. es locva

imaze ganuzomlad mokle gamodga,

vidre maradona butbutebs xolme

TamaSebis win. iq sul ori sityva

aRmoCnda: `oh, RmerTo~, da simar-

Tle rom iTqvas, ingliselebisTvis

sporti

ras gaugeben samxreTeli kacebis xvevna-kocnas

Crdiloelebi, anda pirjvris weras da krialosanis

mravaljer ambors.

es ori sityva locvis survils Znelad

gaaRviZebs, radgan imaT enaSi

`oh, RmerTo~ ubralod gakvirvebas

niSnavs.

asea Tu ise, msoflio Cempionati

mieqaneba kvanZis gaxsnisken da mar-

Tla vatyob, rom am svets udroo

dros vwer, radgan yovelTvis Znelia

Sua gzaze mitovebuli ambebis

gamo wera.

mogexsenebaT, safrangeTma Tavi

Seircxvina msoflio Cempionatze _

ara mxolod finTad iTamaSa, aramed

gaifica, ar ivarjiSa, gavarda,

kutoki-kutoks daemdura; nikolas

anelka Sin gaagdo ufrosobam mwvr-

Tnel domenekis dedis ginebisTvis;

TviTon domenekma xeli ar Camoar-

Tva samxreTafrikelTa mwvrTnels

sruliad gaugebari mizeziT; sabo-

lood dedamisma anelka televizor-

Si galanZRa, xolo sarkozim tieri

anri miiwvia, _ gamagebine erTi, ra

xdebao.

mTel am ambavSi metad xarobda

irlandiuri presa da SegaxsenebT

ratomac:

safrangeTi mxolod imitom moxvda

msoflio Cempionatze, rom

irlandias mougo gadamwyveti TamaSi

erTaderTi goliT. es goli

ki imgvarad gavida, rom xsenebulma

tieri anrim burTi lamis orive

xeliT aiRo da carieli karis win

daudo viliam galass, _ gaitaneo.

imanac gaitana, msajma ki xeli ver

dainaxa.

maSin irlandia aRSfoTda, magram

saqmes raRas uSvelida. erTaderTi

irlandieli, vinc Tqva, _ Cvenc kargi

xviToebi varT, vinaidan saqar-

Tvelos ufro unamusod movugeT,

vidre Cven safrangeTma mogvigoo,

roi kini iyo, magram maSin gaalmase-

buli irlandia msoflio Cempionatze

adgilis damatebasac ki iTxovda,

magram vin daumatebda.

hoda, samarTalma puri Wama aqac

da iqac, da aba, ra gasakviria, rom

maradona gaCqarebiT kocnides krialosans.

rac amas RmerTis xeli

mouxmaria da gamoucxadebia Tavis

mxardamWerad. wina kviraSi brazilielma

luiS fabianum aseve xeldaxel

gaitana lamazi goli da mere

Tqva, _ esec RmerTis xeli iyoo; ramac

maradona gaanawyena, _ eg ranairi

RmerTis xeli iyo, mTelma msofliom

imwamsve dainaxao.

mokled, gaCqarebul locvaTa Jami

Camodga samxreT afrikaSi, uein runisac

jvari daunaxes yelze. Tumca,

Cemgan gansxvavebiT, Tqven ukve iciT

germania-inglisis TamaSis Sedegi.

47


qalaqSi moxetiale kacis Canawerebi

ukanaskneli tramvai

`rac unda yofiliyo TbilisSi tramvais gauqmebis mizezi, dRes

absoluturad darwmunebuli var imaSi, rom Cven kidev erTxel unda

davfiqrdeT misi ukan dabrunebis SesaZleblobebze~.

kaxa Tolordava

am ramdenime wlis winaT megobarTan erTad ukanaskneli

Tbilisuri tramvaiT vimgzavre. amisTvis TemqaSi wavediT,

jer fexiT avuyeviT ukve gauqmebul tramvais marSruts

Temqidan lamis Tbilisis zRvamde, mere ki ukan gamovyeviT

balaxiT dafarul relsebs, metrosTan pirvelive tramvais

SevaxtiT da bolo gaCerebamde gavyeviT. im dRes orive

kidev erTxel davrwmundiT imaSi, rom tramvai didebuli

transportia da is Zalian, Zalian uxdeba Tbiliss. ramdenime

Tvis Semdeg Tbilisi ukve tramvais gareSe darCenili

qalaqi gaxda.

rac unda yofiliyo TbilisSi tramvais gauqmebis mizezi,

dRes absoluturad darwmunebuli var imaSi, rom Cven kidev

erTxel unda davfiqrdeT misi ukan dabrunebis SesaZleblobebze.

mesmis, tramvai ver daubrundeba qalaqis centralur

nawils, Tu _ ratom, amis detaluri axsna albaT saWiro araa,

magram is Zalian lazaTianad SeiZleba moergos qalaqis far-

ToquCebian gareubnebs. msoflios Zalian bevrma qveyanam ra-

Racnairad moaxerxa tramvais SenarCuneba, Cven ki, rogorc

xSirad gvemarTeba xolme, mgonia, rom avCqardiT, da davkargeT

is, rac dasakargi namdvilad ar iyo.

gavimeoreb _ tramvai albaT verasdros daubrundeba Tbilisis

centralur nawils, radganac amisTvis lamis qalaqis

mTeli am seqtoris satransporto marSrutebis Tavidan dagegmareba

da Seneba mogviwevs, es ki advili namdvilad araa.

arc qalaqis gareubnebSia advili tramvais qselis Tavidan

dagegmareba. sakmarisia, Tundac `vikipediaSi~ naxoT gverdebi

tramvaize, amaSi rom darwmundeT, radganac, rogorc

yvela satransporto saSualebas, tramvaisac aqvs Tavisi upiratesobebi

da naklovanebebi. magram, Tbilisis gareubnebi am

upiratesobebis da naklovanebebis kidev erTxel gadaxedvis

saSualebas mainc iZleva. maS ratom unda vTqvaT uari amaze,

miT umetes, Tu ganviTarebis TvalsazrisiT, Tbilisis gareubnebis

didi nawili jer kidev `limbSi~ imyofeba?

Sedegi? wminda esTetikuri TvalsazrisiT, es upirveles

yovlisa Tbilisis usaxuri gareubnebis saintereso da moulodneli

kontrastuli elementiT gamdidreba iqneba. moulodnelobis

efeqti mniSvnelovania da tyuilubralod ar

mixsenebia. is nebismieri saintereso qalaqis `aRmoCenisTvis~

aucilebeli elementia, Tundac _ turistebisTvis. Tbiliselebis

is nawili, vinc qalaqis `komunistur~ raionebSi siarulze

uars ambobs, SeiZleba SemekamaTos, _ romeli turis-

ti dadis varkeTilSi an afrikaSio, _ magram am adamianebs

SemiZlia, darwmunebiT vuTxra, rom Cemma lamis yovelkvireulma

`sadazvervo gasvlebma~ gareubnebSi damarwmuna, rom

es ase araa. gldanSi, diRomSi, isanSi _ yvelgan, sadac unda

waxvide, Sexvdebi zurgCanTamogdebul ucxoelebs, interesiT

rom aTvaliereben iqaurobas. maTi ricxvi albaT Tanda-

Tan gaizrdeba. hoda, swored aseTi dainteresebuli adamianebi

arian Senive qalaqis sasargeblod an sazianod rom weren

xolme TavTavianT blogebSi; me ki ar wamikiTxavs arc erTi

aseTi Canaweri, sadac Tundac yvelaze ufro ukmayofilo

adamians Tbilad ar moexsenebina ama Tu im qalaqis is nawilebi,

sadac tramvais xazia. Tbiliselebs davubrundebi. moxerxebulobasTan

erTad tramvai nawilobriv mainc moacilebs

Tbiliselebs oflian samarSruto taqsebs da mouxeSav

avtobusebs. is Tundac mcired Seamcirebs qalaqis gamonabolqviT

dabinZurebas da, rac mTavaria, is Tbiliselebis

nawils sakuTari qalaqis sxvanairad, odnav auCqareblad SegrZnebis

saSualebasac daubrunebs, rasac aranairi kavSiri

ar aqvs nostalgiasTan. magaliTisTvis, saqsofonis Tu dramis

saundi dResac iseve aranostalgiurad aqtualuria jaz-

Si, rogorc adre. Sesabamisad, tramvais borblebis xmauriT

azrialebuli saxlebis fanjris SuSebma SeiZleba gansxvavebuli

ritmi SesTavazon indiferentulad mogugune Tbilisis

gareubnebs, da sxvanairad `gaajazon~ isini ara marto TbiliselebisaTvis,

aramed Camosuli stumrebisTvisac. amis gulisTvis

ki namdvilad Rirs kidev erTxel dafiqreba, zemoT

Tqmulis garda, kidev ra sargebloba SeiZleba moutanos dabrunebulma

tramvaim Tbiliss.

48 liberali . ivnisi - ivlisi 2010 . № 37


D - dRe

pirveli 24 saaTi

mis: aRmaSeneblis 150

tel: 910 954, 911 165

www.sulakauri.ge

dRe, romelmac gadawyvita

meore msoflio omis

bed-iRbali!

wigni moicavs mowinaaRmdegeTa

calkeuli taqtikuri manevrebis

detalur aRwerilobas D-dRes

desantis gadmosxmis TiToeul zonaSi

pirveli 24 saaTis ganmavlobaSi.

specialurad am wignisTvis

Seqmnil ferad rukebze gamosaxulia

normandiis sanapiro zolis xuTive

monakveTi da D-dRis monawile

ZalovanTa marSruti 1944 wlis 6

ivnisis SuaRamemde.

wigni gaformebulia sanapiroze

mimdinare movlenaTa amsaxveli

dokumenturi fotoebiT.

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines