gigi TevzaZe

dspace.nplg.gov.ge

gigi TevzaZe

specproeqti

`buntarebi~ / salome afxaziSvili

artisti axlodan

nadia wulukiZe / nino lomaZe

saavtoro

madaTaSvili / aka morCilaZe

werili londonidan

`cxovrebis skola / marika qoCiaSvili

arsena

jorjiaSvili

mxatvruli filmi

1921

saCuqrad

ivnisi 2012 #80

fasi 7 lari

gigi

TevzaZe

reqtori / maSo samadaSvili


N80, ivnisi 2012

4 cxeli Sokoladi

6 redaqtoris sveti

8 avtorTa svetebi

wardgena 10 Sako nikva, dizaineri, ilustratori

12 revoluciuri `arsena jorjiaSvili~ _ miTi da realoba

daviT buxrikiZe

anonsi 20 16 mniSvnelovani movlena, romelic ar unda gamotovoT

salome afxaziSvili

restornis kritika 20 operacia `buda bari~ Tamar kvinikaZe

saavtoro 22 saqsi ana korZaia-samadaSvili

24 sisulelis traqtati gaga naxucriSvili

26 cocxebis gamyidveli maia sariSvili

werili londonidan 28 axali adamiani _ artisti marika qoCiaSvili

istoria 36 gigi TevzaZe

reqtori maSo samadaSvili

artisti axlodan 46 vin aris nadia wulukiZe? nino lomaZe

interviu 52 interviu nikola CernokrakTan laSa oTxmezuri

specproeqti 56 `buntarebi~ salome afxaziSvili

literaturuli procesi 72 jazi literaturaSi nino natroSvili

saavtoro 77 madaTaSvili aka morCilaZe

moTxroba 82 konveiruli meTodis zogadi principebi gela Cqvanava

poezia 92 eka qevaniSvili, poeti

saubrebi abaJuris qveS 94 Cemi bebo _ nino ramiSvili nino suxiSvili

recenzia 96 receptebi, receptebi... diana anfimiadi

100 ukanaskneli romantikosi nugzar muzaSvili

104 ieriqonis vardi ina arCuaSvili

wignebi 106 mimoxilva

110 sicocxlis bankebi

112 dedoba saCuqrad

recenzia 116 ilaparakeT, mogonebebo daviT buxrikiZe

118 wertilebi da xazebi daviT buxrikiZe

120 naftalinSi Senaxuli panTeoni daviT buxrikiZe

122 ifiqre, vidre gaixdi daviT buxrikiZe

stili 124 iubileebi Tamar alaviZe

126 trendi

128 dri van noteni _ maRal modas + unikaluri printebi

132 balensiagas qudis evolucia Tamar alaviZe

134 romauli Canawerebi Tamar sulava

136 mamakaci qalebisTvis ariel levi

144 lubuteni dizainis muzeumSi Tamar alaviZe

ydaze gigi TevzaZe

foto levan xerxeuliZis


edaqtoris sveti

mTavari redaqtori

Tamar babuaZe

`stilis~ redaqtori

Tamar alaviZe

`literaturis~ redaqtori

rati qarTveliSvili

redaqtorebis asistenti

mariam samadaSvili

vebgverdis redaqtori

nino jafiaSvili

artredaqtori

arCil TabukaSvili

dizaini

Tornike lorTqifaniZe

koreqtori

Tamar RonRaZe

nomerze muSaobdnen:

nomerze muSaobdnen: nino lomaZe, laSa

oTxmezuri, salome afxaziSvili, marika

qoCiaSvili, maSo samadaSvili, nino

natroSvili, ana korZaia-samadaSvili,

gaga naxucriSvili, maia sariSvili, nino

CimakaZe, daviT buxrikiZe, aka morCilaZe,

nugzar muzaSvili, ina arCuaSvili, diana

anfimiadi, Tako sulava.

foto:

levan xerxeuliZe, maka gogalaZe, Luke

Hays

ilustracia:

Sako nikva, maia sumbaZe, Tako baqraZe.

gamomcemeli

Sorena SaverdaSvili

biznesis ganviTarebis menejeri

rusudan furcelaZe

partniorebTan urTierTobis

menejerebi:

qeTevan qavTaraZe, mariam miqelaSvili,

sofo papunaSvili, nino goniaSvili,

qeTevan lekiSvili.

distribucia

mixeil gedeniZe

gamomcemloba:

Sps `media hausi dekomi~

misamarTi: Tbilisi 0183, saqarTvelo

JRentis q. 35, tel.: +995 32 247 10 05

sxva gamocemebi:

`liberali~, `biznesi-adamianebi,

meTodebi, strategiebi~, `dialogi~,

qarTuli Rvinis gzamkvlevi

stamba:

`sezani~, Tbilisi, wereTlis 140,

tel.: 235 70 02

Jurnali gamodis 2004 wlis

25 dekembridan

© `media hausi dekomi~ saavtoro

uflebebi daculia. JurnalSi

gamoqveynebuli masalebis nawilobrivi

an mTliani gamoyeneba gamomcemlobis

nebarTvis gareSe akrZalulia.

`cxeli Sokoladis~ rubrikis sponsori

ar ereva Sinaarsis SeqmnaSi.

6 cxeli Sokoladi

elementi

`ramdenime wlis win, erTi istoria movismine. maswavlebeli 6 wlis bavSvebs

xatvis gakveTils utarebda. ukana merxze patara gogona ijda da

oci wuTis ganmavlobaSi TavauReblad xatavda. maswavlebelma hkiTxa:

_ ras xatav?

_ RmerTis suraTs.

_ rom aravin icis, rogoria RmerTi?

_ hoda, axla ecodinebaT.

…patarebi saocrad endobian TavianT fantazias, romelsac roca

vizrdebiT, vkargavT. ironiulia, rom swored ganaTlebaa amis mizezi.

Sedegad ki, bevr Cvengans aRarc ki axsovs, risi niWi hqonda, anu arc is

icis, risi miRweva SeuZlia~, _ ramdenime dRis win ganaTlebis eqspertis,

ser ken robinsonis wignis kiTxva daviwye da sakuTari SvilebiT dawyebuli,

Jurnalis am nomriT damTavrebuli, bevr rameze davfiqrdi.

gigi TevzaZes, interviusTvis, 2009 wels Sevxvdi. ilias universiteti

sami wlis daarsebuli iyo. maSin Cems statias mwvave kritika mohyva _ ar

iyo kritikuli Sefasebebi, ar iyo kompromisebi, ar iyo is yvelaferi,

ris xarjzec gigi TevzaZe didi tradiciebis mqone saganmanaTleblo

centrebis baton-patroni gaxdao. axla vambob `aRsarebas~: maSin me,

Tsu-s kursdamTavrebuls, `qseroqsebis~ da `Cawyobebis~ epoqidan mosul

adamians, gulwrfelad momxibla Tanamedrove sauniversiteto gana-

Tlebis ideam _ razec gigi TevzaZe axlac xatovnad msjelobs. Tumca,

gamoxda xani. Tvalsawieri gafarTovda da roca ken robinsonis wignamde

logikurad mivedi, gaviazre, rom 2012 wels ganaTlebis is modelic

ki, romelmac 2009-Si momxibla, moZvelebulia. ken robinsoni Tu marika

qoCiaSvilis werilis gmiri, alan de botoni, ganaTlebis sistemis

kardinalur cvlilebaze gvelaparakebian; gveubnebian, rom kacobriobis

istoriis axal epoqaSi sxva ramea mosafiqrebeli; adamianuri SesaZleblobebis

sruliad axali paradigma, romelic bavSvobaSi Catovebul

niWs/gatacebas/unars gvapovninebs.

amasobaSi CvenTan sul sxva diskursia. axali Taobis `buntarebi~ fxizldebian

da gaprotestebas cdiloben. Tumca, maTi moTxovnebi mxolod

Canasaxi da fundamentia imis, rac Semdeg etapzea saocnebo da mosaTxovni.

rodis davxuravT am turs da axal etapze gadavalT?

P.S. `sityva `elements~ im punqtis mosaniSnad viyeneb, sadac erTmaneTs

Sexvdeba is, risi keTebac gviyvars da rasac realurad vakeTebT. yvelas

Tavisi `elementi~ aqvs sapovneli~, _ wers ken robinsoni.

Tamar babuaZe, mTavari redaqtori


avtorTa svetebi

8 cxeli Sokoladi

marika qoCiaSvili

_ razea Seni statia?

_ `cxovrebis skolaze~.

_ es raime religiuri dajgufebaa?

_ ara, ara, (iqneb ki?) alan de botonis

daarsebuli skolaa. axalgazrda filosofosi,

xom gagigia?

vcdilob gavixseno, ra iyo Cemi pirveli

asociacia, roca babum (Tamar babuaZe)

Cemi studenturi cxovreba amiforiaqa,

`cxovrebis skola~ mixsena da

statiis dawera SemomTavaza.

ar maxsendeba, mec religiasTan davakavSire

Tu ara, Tumca, raki adamianebs

msgavsi asociaciebi uCndebaT, e.i. alan

de botons Tavisi miznisTvis miuRwevia.

sxvadasxva religiebidan naqurdali

ideebiT, botonma miwisqveSa aTeisturi

seqta Seqmna, sadac fexi Tu Sedgi, iseT

komforts Segiqmnian, rogorc fizikurs,

ise suliers, rom, albaT, rTuli

iqneba, cdunebas gauZlo da kvlavac ar

mogindes ukan dabruneba.

frTxilad iyaviT, Setyuebas SuSis

karidanve ecdebian warweriT _ Ideas to

live by. es kari `uwyinar~ wignis maRaziaSi

SegiyvanT. Tumca, mTavari is aris,

ra xdeba wignis maRaziis qvemoT.

axali adamiani _ artisti

gv. 28

laSa oTxmezuri

`xandaxan Seni agnosticizmis bevrad

ufro kargad mesmis, vidre Cemi rwmenis.

rwmena ampartavnulia~, _ miTxra erTxel

parizis wminda sergis marTlmadidebluri

Teologiis institutis reqtorma da Cemma

megobarma, mama nikola Cernokrakma.

wminda serafimes eklesiaSi, sadac igi

mRvdelmTavaria, sxvadasxva rwmenisa da nacionalobis

adamians waawydebiT. eklesia,

romelic parizis turistul RirsSesaniSnaobad

iqca, inteleqtualur klubs ufro

hgavs. Tavad nikola Cernokraki garegnobiT

el grekos rainds waagavs, xolo misi

daxvewili da momxibvleli iumori adamians

erazm roterdamelze ufro afiqrebinebs,

vidre Tanamedrove inteleqtualze.

wminda mamebis nawerebis gamomcemels

da komentators, erazm roterdamels,

arasdros avi sityva ar warmouTqvams

qristianul tradiciaze, wmindanebis kultze

Tu kurTxevaze, Tumca daxvewili iumoriT,

Semparavad aRniSnavda, rom arc

marxva da arc raime sxva rituali qristians

RmerTTan ar aaxloebs.

nikola CernokrakTan interviu, romelic

`cxeli Sokoladis~ am nomerSi ibe-

Wdeba, ramdenime Tvis winaa Cawerili. Znelia

Tu ara moRvaweoba marTlmadidebeli

moZRvrisaTvis iseT qveyanaSi, sadac religia

sajaro sivrceSi warmodgenili ar

aris, ra aris Tanamedrove marTlmadideblobis

gamowveva, ramdenad Sors SeiZleba

wavides eklesia bibliuri teqstebis

adaptirebis procesSi, rogori unda iyos

eklesiisa da mecnierebis urTierToba Tanamedrove

samyaroSi? am kiTxvebze, mama

nikolas gulwrfeli da Rrma pasuxebi,

vfiqrob, saintereso unda iyos qarTveli

mkiTxvelisTvis.

interviu nikola CernokrakTan

gv. 52

maSo samadaSvili

gigi TevzaZe `pregoSi~, saerTo megobrebis

wreSi gavicani. im dRes gamolaparakebac

ver gavbede, raRacnairad distanciuri

da qedmaRali momeCvena. ramdenime

Sexvedris Semdeg, roca ganaTlebaze Camovarda

saubari, mec CaverTe da mas Semdeg

Cveni saubrebis Tema, ZiriTadad, ganaTleba,

universiteti da literaturaa.

masze dawerac literaturam gadamawyvetina,

roca gigim `ostati da margaritas~

wakiTxva mirCia da dampirda, rom mogvianebiT

Cems STabeWdilebebs aucileblad

gaiziarebda. ra Tqma unda, maSinve vifiqre,

rom amisTvis verasdros moiclida, Tumca,

ramdenime kviraSi SeTanxmeba Semaxsena da

TavisTan, universitetSi dampatiJa. Cveni

4-saaTiani saubris Semdeg mivxvdi, ratomaa

gigi TevzaZe CemTvis saintereso da CavTvale,

rom adamiani, romelic asakis miuxedavad,

Zalian axalgazrdulad da Tanamedroved

azrovnebs, mudmivad siaxles eZebs,

bevr saintereso ambavs hyveba da sakuTari

Tavis dacinvis SesaSuri unari aqvs, sxvebisTvisac

mimzidveli unda yofiliyo. muSaoba

advili ar yofila. vicodi, rom gigi,

ubralod, mravalferovani interesebis

mqone adamiani araa, misi gadawyvetilebebi

mudmivad xdeba sazogadoebrivi vnebaTaRelvis

sagani. amis miuxedavad, ver

vipove (bevri da mondomebiT veZebe) erTi

adamianic ki, romelic mas argumentirebulad

`daupirispirdeboda~/Riad gaakritikebda.

respondentebis aryolas isic

daemata, rom intervius yvelaze vrceli

monakveTi diqtofonma ar Caiwera, amasobaSi

gigi erTi kviriT stokholmSi gafrinda

da masalaze muSaobis dasruleba

kidev ufro saTuo gaxda. axla, stambam Tu

araferi moiwia, wesiT, ukve am svets unda

kiTxulobdeT.

reqtori

gv. 36


wardgena

Sako nikva

dizaineri, ilustratori

Sako nikva 21 wlis dizaineria, wels samxatvro

akademiis modis dizainis fakultets amTavrebs,

Tumca miaCnia, rom akademiaSi CabarebiT Secdoma

dauSva, amisTvis mas ramdenime argumenti aqvs:

garda imisa, rom swavleba zedapirulia da arc

leqtorebi arian dainteresebuli studentebTan

aqtiuri muSaobiT, dizainerebs ar aqvT saSualeba

yoveldRiurad ganviTardnen, rac Sakos TqmiT,

aucilebelia profesionalad CamoyalibebisTvis.

swored am pretenziebis gamo Sako meore kursidan

leqciebze aRar dadis da mTlianad TviTganviTarebazea

gadasuli. swavlis gagrZelebas belgiaSi,

Royal Academy of Fine Arts-Si gegmavs, es saswavlebeli

ki msoflio inteleqtualuri modis saZirkvlad

iTvleba. SakosTvis, romelic tansacmels xelovnebad

aRiqvams da ara daWril da Semdeg awyobil

naWrad, es adgili zedgamoWrilia, Sako ambobs,

rom antverpenSi wasvla mas inteleqtualuri modis

sworad aRqmas da gaazrebas aswavlis.

wasvlamde ki gamofenas moawyobs, romelzec mis

ukanasknel multimedia-proeqts `It's all about me~

warmoadgens. proeqti, moicavs rogorc kostiums

da ilustracias, aseve video-arts da skulpturas.

10 cxeli Sokoladi

gv. 80 gv. 84 gv. 86 gv. 88

am mediebis daxmarebiT Sako Seecdeba sazogadoebas

sakuTari Tavi da is protesti aCvenos, romelic

garemos mimarT uCndeba.

miuxedavad imisa, rom Sako Zalian axalgazrdaa,

modis sferoSi ukve aqvs warmatebebi: 2010 wels

Tbilisis modis kvireulze, damwyebi dizainerebis

konkursSi gaimarjva, imave wels monawileoba mii-

Ro saqarTvelos modis kvireulis damwyebi dizainerebis

konkursSi, 2011 wels ki axalbeda dizainerebis

konkursSi `BE NEXT~.

garda dizainisa, Sako akeTebs ilustraciebs. xatavs

yovelTvis xeliT, radgan kompiuteruli mxatvroba

uinteresod eCveneba. bevri artistisgan gansxvavebiT,

formamde ideiT ar midis, winaswar arasdros

icis, ras daxatavs, mxolod im wams gaCenil emociebs

gadmoscems. ZiriTadad, tuSs da akvarels iyenebs.

saqarTveloSi Sakos ZiriTadi profesiiT muSaoba

Zalian rTulia, Tumca `Tbilisi molSi~ Visual

Merchandiser-obac araa modis sferodan Sors, miT

umetes, rom es saqmianoba, rogorc Sako ambobs, mis

arts kvebavs.

Sakos namuSevrebis naxva mis pirad feisbuq-gverdze

SegiZliaT.


wardgena

`cxeli Sokoladis~ qarTuli filmebis krebuli

revoluciuri `arsena jorjiaSvili~ _ miTi da realoba

qarTuli kinematografis

istoriaSi `arsena jorjiaSvilma~

mcire, magram

mainc garkveuli miTologiuri

warmodgena dagvitova

istoriul-revoluciuri

Janris Sesaxeb. 50-wuTiani

mxatvruli filmi qarTuli

kinos cnobilma reJisorma,

ivane perestianma

1921 wels gadaiRo. mas safuZvlad

udevs 1905 wlis

revoluciuri gamosvlebis

erT-erTi epizodi, rodesac

depos muSam, arsena

jorjiaSvilma, gaficuli

proletarebis gadawyvetilebiT,

revoluciuri

moZraobis mTavari mteri,

generali aleqsandre griaznovi

mokla.

am teroristuli aqtidan

daaxloebiT erTi wlis Semdeg

arsena jorjiaSvili

Seipyres da metexis cixe-

Si mokles, Tumca revolucioneri da teroristi

uSiSrad Sexvda sasamarTlos mier gamotanil gana-

Cens...

ukve is faqti, rom scenaris avtori klasikosi

mwerali da dramaturgi Salva dadiania, xolo operatori

_ imdroindeli kinoteqnikis pioneri aleqsandre

diRmelovi, `arsena jorjiaSvils~ gacilebiT

mniSvnelovan ganzomilebas aniWebs. es aris

pirveli qarTuli mxatvruli filmi revoluciis

Temaze. aSkara ideologiuri ganwyobisa da arcTu

sanimuSo esTetikis miuxedavad, dRevandeli gadasaxedidan,

films miTiuri da istoriuli mniSvneloba

aqvs.

arsena jorjiaSvilis rols cnobili qarTveli

kinoreJisori, saxelmwifo da xuTgzis stalinuri

premiebis mflobeli, mixeil Wiaureli asrulebs.

sadebiuto rolma mas imdenad didi warmateba moutana,

rom kinoSi Semdegac xSirad iwvevdnen rogorc

msaxiobs. iTamaSa osman-aRa `suramis cixeSi~

(1922), epizoduri roli filmSi `dakarguli saunje~

(1924), jondo filmSi `naTela~, (1926), adamis

Zmiswuli `xanumas~ pirvel versiaSi (1927)...

12 cxeli Sokoladi

avtori daviT buxrikiZe

aRsaniSnavia, rom `arsena

jorjiaSvili~ pirvelad

uCvenes 1924 wels, lionis

saerTaSoriso gamofenaze.

`suramis cixesTan~ (reJisori

ivane perestiani) da

`moZRvarTan~ (vladimer

barski) erTad.

mixeil Wiaurelis garda

erT-erT mTavar rols

(voroncov-daSkovs) Tavad

ivane perestiani TamaSobs.

danarCen rolebs ukve

aRiarebuli kinomsaxiobebi

_ alisa qiqoZe (nino), nino

doliZe (arsenas da), elisabed

CerqeziSvili (arsenas

deda), nikoloz iaCmenovi

(generali griaznovi), aleqsandre

imedaSvili (revo-

lucioneri muSa).

ivane perestiani ta-

ganrogSi daibada. misi

karieris dasawyisi kinosaaqciosazogadoeba

`xanJonkovsa da

kompanias~ ukavSirdeba.

kerZod, films `nu erekeerekebi, meetlev, cxenebs~, romel-

Sic mTavari roli Seasrula. 1917 wels sakuTari

scenariT gadaiRo komediuri Janris filmi `Txebi,

bekeka, Txebi~. iyo sazogadoeba `mSobliuri kinematografiis

kavSiris~ Tavmjdomare; muSaobda ruse-

Tis sxvadasxva kinostudiaSi.

1921 wels Camodis saqarTveloSi da ganaTlebis

saxalxo komisariatTan arsebul kinoseqciaSi iwyebs

muSaobas. 1926-1928 wlebSi odesis kinostudiaSi

gadaiRo `zvavi~ da `Wori~. 1928-1932 wlebSi muSaobda

kinowarmoeba `armenkinoSi~, sadac gadaiRo

filmebi: `zamalu~ da `anuSi~. Tumca, ivane perestianis

Semoqmedebis yvelaze nayofieri periodi saqarTvelos

da `saxkinmrewvs~ ukavSirdeba. swored

aq gadaiRo filmebi: `arsena jorjiaSvili~ (1921),

`suramis cixe~ (1922), `kaci kacisTvis mgelia~ (1923),

`wiTeli eSmakunebi~ (1923), `sami sicocxle~ (1924),

`tariel mklavaZis saqme~(1925), `sasjeli~ (1926).

1937 wels ki _ sabavSvo filmi `ori megobari~.


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ჟურნალი „ცხელი შოკოლადის“ რუბრიკა „სტილისგან“ და პარფიუმერულ მაღაზიათა ქსელი Voulez-Vous-სგან.


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MADAGASCAR 3: EUROPE'S MOST WANTED

3D-რუსთაველი/ამირანი

რეჟისორი ტომ მაკგრატი, ერიკ დარნელი,

კონრად ვერნონი

ჟანრი ანიმაცია, სათავგადასავლო,

კომედია

ბნელი ჩრდილები

DARK SHADOWS

რუსთაველი/ამირანი

რეჟისორი ტიმ ბარტონი

როლებში ჯონი დეპი, მიშელ პფაიფერი’ ხლოია

გრეის მორეცი, ევა გრინი

ჟანრი კომედია ფანტასტიკა

MEN IN BLACK III

3D-რუსთაველი/ამირანი

რეჟისორი ბარი სონენფელდი

როლებში უილ სმიტი, ტომი ლი ჯონსი, ჯოშ

ბროლინი

ჟანრი სათავგადასავლო კომედია


cxeli Sokoladi 15


anonsi

16 mniSvnelovani movlena, romelic ar unda gamotovoT

avtori salome afxaziSvili

gamofena

Tbilisis foto festivali

2012

rodis: 29.05-4.06

Tbilisis yovelwliuri fotofestivali,

damTvalierebels

fotografiis yvela Tanamedrove

mimarTulebas SesTavazebs _ fotoJurnalistikidankonceptualur

fotografiamde.

2012 wlis fotofestivali evropuli

kvireulis farglebSi tar-

16 cxeli Sokoladi

deba da eqvs did gamofenas aer-

Tianebs: stenli grinis „CeCneTis

gzaze“, „Tanamedrove iraneli qali

fotografebis jgufuri gamofena,

aTi Tanamedrove fotografis

mier gadaRebuli fotoebis seria

_ „Savi zRvis ferebi“, naTela

grigalaSvilis „deda ena“ da „XIX

saukunis kavkasiuri portretis“

gamofena. dagegmilia cnobili fotografebis

masterklasebis seria

da ukve tradiciad qceuli fotografiis

Rame, romelic 2 ivniss,

Ria cis qveS, Zvel TbilisSi, 21:30

saaTidan 03:00 saaTamde gaimarTeba.

Tbilisis saerTaSoriso fotofestivali

pirvelad 2010 wels

Catarda. festivalis ZiriTadi

partnioria _ franguli foto

festivali _ „Les Rencontres d’Arles~,

romelic, tradiciulad, qalaq

boris Sarmci, `bavSvi~

arlSi 1968 wlidan tardeba da Tanamedrove

fotografiul samyaro-

Si aRiarebulia, rogorc erT-erTi

yvelaze prestiJuli da masStaburi

fotografiuli RonisZieba.

fotofestivalis farglebSi

dagegmili RonisZiebebi Tbilisis

sxvadasxva galereaSi gaimarTeba

da ramdenime Tvis ganmavlobaSi

gagrZeldeba.

damatebiTi informaciisTvis

ewvieT vebgverds _ http://www.tbilisiphotofestival.com/index.php

festivalis farglebSi dagegmili

gamofenebi:

„uCadro suraTebi“

sad: giorgi leoniZis saxelobis

literaturis muzeumi

rodis: 4.06-19.06

gaxsna: 20:00

misamarTi: giorgi Wanturias q. #8


fotogamofena „uCadro sura-

Tebi“ siriaSi, ukanaskneli erTi

wlis manZilze ganviTarebul politikur

movlenebs asaxavs. maT

cxovrebis Sesaxeb iraneli fotografebi

_ nazil abaspuri, mehrane

aTaSi, gohar deSTi, Sadi Radiriani,

tahmine monzavi, mariam rahmaniani,

golara saiadiani nevSa Tavaqoliani

mogviyvebian. aRniSnuli

fotogamofena Tbilisis fotofestivalis

farglebSi imarTeba.

naTela grigalaSvilis „deda ena“

sad: axali galerea

rodis: 30.05-5.06

gaxsna: 20:00

misamarTi: besikis q. #26

axalgazrda qarTveli fotografi

naTela grigalaSvili „deda

enaSi“ Tavis mudmiv Temas, qar-

Tul sofels ubrundeba. fotoebis

am seriis Seqmna, avtorma 2011

wels daiwyo da is mTlianad „deda

enis“ princips daukavSira. „alioni“,

„zeca“, „samSoblo“, „istoria“,

„jigari“, „Seni Wiri me“ _ es im sityvebis

arasruli CamonaTvalia,

romelTac fotografi realobis

amsaxvel dokumentur fotoebs

ukavSirebs. fotografiuli gamosaxuleba

aq mxolod sityvebis

ilustrirebisTvis ar gamoiyeneba.

is sruliad gansxvavebul poetur

mniSvnelobasa da siRrmes iZens.

„CeCneTis gzaze“

sad: saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumi,

erovnuli galerea

rodis: 31.05- 30.07

misamarTi: rusTavelis gamz. #11

„CeCneTis gzaze“ _ ase hqvia fotoeqspozicias,

romelic cnobili

ingliseli fotografis, stenli

grinis mier danaxul omsa da

omis msxverpls asaxavs. maT Soris

is fotoJurnalistebic arian,

romlebic sibneleSi Suqis Setanas

cdiloben. stenli grini maT

„ubedurebis turistebs“ uwodebs.

„mjera, rom umjobesia did fotoseriebze

muSaoba, romlebic

fotoJurnalistebis xangrZlivi

muSaobis magaliTia. am fotoebis

xilvisas, vfiqrob amazec unda

davfiqrdeT. xandaxan Cven ufro

tragediebi gvWirdeba“, _ ambobs

Tavad fotoebis avtori, am gamofenis

Sesaxeb.

„Savi zRvis ferebi“

sad: saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumi,

erovnuli galerea

rodis: 29.05-27.06

misamarTi: rusTavelis gamz. #11

fotogamofena „Savi zRvis ferebi“

Tanamedrove fotografiis aTi

yvelaze cnobili avtoris fotoebs

aerTianebs. eqspozicia Savi zRvis

auzis eqvs qveyanaSi sxvadasxva dros

_ XX saukunis 60-iani wlebidan XXI

saukunis 10-ian wlebamde gadaRebuli

fotoseriebiT dakompleqtda.

fotografebi da maTi fotoseriebi

ki ase gamoiyureba: klaudi slubani

_ „zamTris mogzauroba“, vanesa

uinSifi _ „ukraina, saqarTvelo,

TurqeTi“, jorj georgiu _ „TurqeTi“,

boris mixailovi _ „yirimuli

snobizmi“, giorgi pinxasovi _ „afxazeTi“,

iuri kozirevi _ „yirimi _ sabWoTa

nostalgia“, iustina melnikeviCi

_ „Devidede lines. Shared Sorrows“

(saqarTvelos seria) , rafal milaxi

_ „Black Sea Concrete~, filip gioni da

Julien danieli.

mariam-sofo qoriZis Teatris

mxatvroba

sad: mixeil TumaniSvilis saxelobis

kinomsaxiobTa Teatri

rodis: 30.05-18.06

gaxsna: 19:00

misamarTi: aRmaSeneblis gamz.

#164

anonsi

kinomsaxiobTa Teatri axalgazrda

mxatvris mariam-sofo qoriZis

personalur gamofenas maspinZlobs.

eqspoziciaSi warmodgenili

oTxmocamde namuSevari scenografiulia

da ZiriTadad, Teatraluri

warmodgenebis eskizebsa da

qsovilSi Sesrulebul kostiumebs

asaxavs. namuSevrebSi gamoyenebulia

_ kompiuteruli grafika, Sereuli

masalebi, fotoinstalacia,

gamWvirvale plastikuri qaRaldis

masala da naWeri.

mariam-sofo qoriZes gaformebuli

aqvs iseTi speqtaklebi,

rogoricaa _ „meloti momRerali

qali“ (dramaturgi _ eJen ionesko,

reJisori _ zurab gewaZe),

„orni aqa-iq“ (guram doCanaSvilis

moTxrobis mixedviT, reJisori _

nugzar bagration-gruzinski), „mea

da io“ (dramaturgi _ Tamar bar-

Taia, reJisori _ kote abaSiZe), „7

p.p.“ (dramaturgi _ laSa buRaZe,

reJisori _ zurab gewaZe), „gmiri“

(dramaturgi _ jon singi, reJisori

_ zurab gewaZe), „nu migvatoveb,

mzeo“ (nodar dumbaZis moTxrobis

mixedviT, reJisori _ nugzar bagration-gruzinski)

da a.S.

maris liepas fotoarqivis

prezentacia

sad: vaso abaSiZis saxelobis musikisa

da dramis Teatri

rodis: 31.05-6.06

misamarTi: aRmaSeneblis gamz.

#182

musikisa da dramis Teatri baletis

latvieli mocekvavis _ maris

liepas pirad arqivSi daculi fotoebis

gamofenas sTavazobs. gamofena

maris liepas saxelobis sa-

cxeli Sokoladi 17


anonsi

qvelmoqmedo fondis organizebiT

ewyoba, romelsac misi Svili, aseve

mocekvave _ andres liepa xelmZRvanelobs.

specialurad gamofenisTvis,

TbilisSi andres liepac

Camova.

maris liepas moRvaweoba sabWo-

Ta epoqas ukavSirdeba. rigis qoreografiuli

skolis damTavrebis

Semdeg, man pirveli warmodgena

1950 wels, moskovSi gamarTa. karieris

umaRles safexurze, liepa

baletis erT-erT daxvewil mamakac

mocekvaved aRiares, romelsac,

Sesrulebuli rolebis mixedviT,

yvelaze mravalferovani mocekvavis

statusi mieniWa.

kloni, Smoni da elton joni

sad: „gala-galerea“

rodis: 7.06-20.06

gaxsna: 19:00

misamarTi: aTonelis q. #27

`kloni, Smoni da elton joni~

Tanamedrove multimediuri proeqtia,

romelic sxvadsxva mediebis

gamoyenebiT (obieqti, instalacia,

video, teqsti, mixed media) erTerTi

qveynis okupirebul zonaSi

adamianis klonirebis gasaidumloebuli

eqsperimentebis Sesaxeb

mogviTxrobs, romelsac TavianTi

sicocxlis riskis fasad, naTeli

evrokavSiris warmomadgenlebma

mohfines.

gamofena „art proeqtebis kvleviTi

institutebis“ organizebiT

xorcieldeba.

Cemi dabadebis TariRi

sad: galerea „vanda-hobi“

rodis: 2.06-6.06

misamarTi: WonqaZis q. #14

18 cxeli Sokoladi

Tavisi dabadebis istorias,

axalgazrda qarTveli mxatvari

sofo CerqeziSvili damTvalierebels,

ferweruli namuSevrebiTa

da videoinstalaciebis gamoyenebiT

mouyveba. cameti ferweruli

namuSevari da videoinstalaciebi,

sofo CerqeziSvilma specialurad

am gamofenisTvis Seqmna.

aleqs berdiSevis

personaluri gamofena

sad: „vanda-hobi“

rodis: 7.06-18.06

misamarTi: WonqaZis q. #14

galerea „vanda“ aleqs berdiSevis

namuSevrebis gamofenas maspin-

Zlobs. maT Soris is namuSevrebia,

romlebic pirvelad, SotlandiaSi,

qalaq glazgoSi gamoifina. eqspozicia,

ZiriTadad, Sereuli teqnikiT

Sesrulebul namuSevrebsa da

ferwerul tiloebs aerTianebs.

kritikosebis SefasebiT, berdiSevis

mxatvroba meoce saukunis pirveli

naxevris sxvadasxva mxatvruli mimdinareobebis

sinTezs warmoadgens

da masSi erTdroulad aisaxeba, rogorc

siurrealisturi, ise abstraqtuli

da kubizmis elementebi.

Tengiz maris gamofena

sad: „vanda-hobi“

rodis: 25.06-10.07

misamarTi: WonqaZis q. #14

arqiteqtori, mxatvari da dizaineri

Tengiz mari personalur

gamofenas gamarTavs. galerea

„vanda“, mxatvris ferwerul namu-

Sevrebs umaspinZlebs, romelic,

ZiriTadad, naturmortebs, peizaJebsa

da interieris dizainis

detalebiT Sesrulebul naxatebs

aerTianebs.

Teatri

fasbinderis `katcelmaxeri~

Teatris scenaze

sad: samefo ubnis Teatri

rodis: 20.06

misamarTi: gia abesaZis q. #10

cnobili germaneli kinoreJisorisa

da dramaturgis rainer ver-

ner fasbinderis piesa qarTuli

Teatris scenaze pirvelad idgmeba.

axalgazrda reJisoris miSa

Carkvianis mier, samefo ubnis Teatris

scenaze gacocxlebuli piesa

germaniis erT patara provinciul

qalaqSi mcxovreb axalgazrdebis

usaxur, uintereso cxovrebis Sesaxeb

mogviTxrobs. axalgazrdebis

cxovreba radikalurad maSinc icvleba,

rodesac germaniis am patara

qalaqSi samuSaoad, „Ror komunistad“

aRiarebuli berZeni emigranti

Camodis. misi qalaqSi CamosvlisTanave,

germaneli axalgazrdebi qsenofobiur

damokidebulebas avlenen

da darwmunebuli arian imaSi,

rom aranairi logikiT ar SeiZleba

„ucxoeli kargi adamiani iyos“.

fasbinderis teqstSi, qsenofobiis

simwvave mkveTrad igrZnoba.

„katcelmaxerze“ dayrdnobiT,

rainer verner fasbinderma, 1969

wels filmic gadaiRo, romelSic

berZeni emigrantis roli Tavad

Seasrula. filmi, iseve rogorc,

piesa, legendaruli germaneli

reJisoris erT-erT gamorCeul

namuSevrad aris aRiarebuli.

qarTul TeatrSi, „katcelmaxers“

musikalurad nika fasuri

gaaformebs. scenografiis avtori

_ levan oCxikiZea. msaxiobebs

Siris ki _ paata inauri, giorgi

SarvaSiZe, magda lebaniZe, Sako

mirianaSvili, ana wereTeli, iako

Wilaia, giorgi yorRanaSvili, salome

maisaSvili da ani guliaSvili

arian.

`oliveri~ rusTavelis

Teatris scenaze

sad: SoTa rusTavelis saxelobis

saxelmwifo akademiuri Teatri,

didi scena

rodis: 29.05, 30.05, 31.05, 1.06,

2.06, 3.06

dasawyisi: 19:45

bileTis fasi: 10,15, 20, 25, 30

lari

misamarTi: rusTavelis gamz. #17

„yvelaze masStaburi da mravalbiujetiani

miuzikli qarTuli


Teatris istoriaSi“ _ ase afaseben

miuzikls, romelsac rusTavelis

Teatri da zaqaria faliaSvilis

saxelobis operisa da baletis Teatri

maspinZlobs. scenaze Carlz

dikensis _ „oliver tvisti“ gacocxldeba.

es aris ormoqmedebiani

miuzikli, romlisaTvisac adaptirebuli

teqsti _ laionel bartma

Seqmna. speqtaklis damdgmeli re-

Jisori daviT sayvareliZea, kompoziciebs

ki irakli ColoyaSvili

asrulebs.

miuziklSi monawileoben operisa

da baletis da rusTavelis

Teatris msaxiobebi: manana abramiSvili,

zaza baraTaSvili, goga

barbaqaZe, paata guliaSvili, daviT

darCia da sxvebi.

kino

morigi filmi `qarTuli

filmebis krebulSi~

diskis prezentacia da kinoCveneba

sad: kinoTeatri „amirani“

rodis: 30.05

dasawyisi: 19:00

Jurnali „cxeli Sokoladisa“

da kinostudia „qarTuli filmis“

erToblivi proeqti, „cxeli

Sokoladis“ mkiTxvels morig

films sTavazobs. amjerad, filmebis

krebulSi isotoriul-revoluciur

Tematikaze Seqmnili

pirveli qarTuli filmi _ „arsena

jorjiaSvili“ moxvda. filmis re-

Jisori _ ivane perestiania, mTavar

rols ki, mixeil Wiaureli asrulebs.

proeqti „qarTuli filmebis

krebuli“, generaluri sponsoris

_ „Tibisi bankis“ da warmomdgeni

kompaniebis _ „banki konstantas“,

„aversisa“ da „kaparol jorjias“

daxmarebiT, „cxeli Sokoladis“

mkiTxvels im qarTul filmebs

sTavazobs, romelic farTo auditoriisTvis

jer kidev xelmiuwvdomelia.

proeqtis farglebSi

ukve ori filmi gamovida

_ nuca RoRoberiZis „buba“ da

aleqsandre wuwunavas „qristine“.

axal films, mkiTxveli DVD

formatSi, Jurnalis axal nomer-

Tan erTad miiRebs.

sxvadasxva

Sou klasikuri musikisa da

breiqdansis sinTeziT

sad: SoTa rusTavelis saxelobis

saxelmwifo akademiuri Teatri

rodis: 13.06, 14.06

misamarTi: rusTavelis gamz. #17

roiali, Cembalo, eleqtronuli

biTebi, proeqcia, Sinaarsiani

siuJeti da msoflios rva sauke-

Teso mocekvavis mier Sesrulebuli

unikaluri qoreografia _ es

im grandiozuli Sous ZiriTadi

elementebia, romelsac ivnisis

Sua ricxvebSi, rusTavelis Teatri

umaspinZlebs. breiqdansis

mocekvaveebi iohan sebastian baxis

cnobili nawarmoebebis interpretacias

warmoadgenen. specialurad

am SousTvis, Tbiliss, germaniaSi

moRvawe _ „Flying steps~-is

wevrebi ewvevian.

kontrastuli elementebiT mdidari

Sou „Red Bull Flying Bach~is

msoflio turnes farglebSi

tardeba, romelic pirvelad 2011

wels gaimarTa. saqarTvelo ki,

wlevandeli turnes rukaze rigiT

meore qveynis statusiT moxvda,

xorvatiis Semdeg.

Flying Steps-is mocekvaveebisa da

berlinis operis samxatvro xelmZRvanelis

kristof hagelis gancxadebiT,

maTi saerTo Semoqmedeba

vizualurad acocxlebs baxis

cnobil nawarmoebs, risi miRwevac

akademiuri musikisa da axalgazrduli

Tanamedrove quCis kulturis

unikaluri SezavebiT gaxda

SesaZlebeli.

anonsi

`dajeqi da gaiRime~

leqcia da videoCveneba Tanamedrove

qoreografiis Sesaxeb

sad: evropis saxli

rodis: 26.06

dasawyisi: 19:00

misamarTi: Salva dadianis q#2

proeqti _ „erTi da mravalsaxovani

evropa XX da XXI saukuneebis

baletis fonze“, filosofosisa

da damoukidebeli Jurnalistis

xaTuna mzareluas xelmZRvanelobiT

morig Sexvedras gamarTavs.

amjerad, leqciis Tema Tanamedrove

germanel qoreografs _ pina

bauSs, konkretulad ki, mis qoreografiul

piesas _ „kontaqthofis

2008 wlis dadgmas Seexeba. pirvelad

es piesa, 1978 wlis 9 dekembers

vupertalSi daidga. leqciis

meore nawili, Tanamedrove frangi

qoreografis _ boris Sarmcis uaxles

namuSevars daeTmoba. „bavSvi“

_ ase hqvia mis piesas, romlis premiera

2011 wlis 7 ivliss avinionis

festivalze Sedga.

evropis saxlSi dagegmil sa-

Ramoze, leqciebis garda, zemoT

aRniSnuli qoreografiuli dadgmebis

fragmentebsa da fotoebsac

uCveneben, romelic xaTuna mzareluam,

uSualod pina bauSis kompania

_ „tancTeatr vupertalis“,

boris Smarcisa da cekvis muzeumidan

miiRo.

cxeli Sokoladi 19


estornis kritika

20 cxeli Sokoladi

operacia `buda-bari~

avtori Tamar kvinikaZe

restorani da launji `buda-bari~; misamarTi: Zveli Tbilisi, riye; parkingi mouxerxebelia; SesaZlebelia

rogorc naRdi, ise unaRdo angariSsworeba

erT wvimian Rames, taqsi sanapiro-

ze, `mSvidobis xidTan~ gaCerda. xuTni

gadmovediT. kibeebs SevuyeviT. xidze

aqa-iq vnebianad kocnidnen erTmaneTs

wyvilebi. ukan gavixedeT, `Sangri-las~

cisartyelas yvela ferSi akaSkaSebulma

proJeqtorebma mogvWra Tvali.

bzinavda xidis momwvano SuSa da vercxlisferi

metalic. am xidze sul ase

mWirs _ jer Tavi `oskaris~ misaRebad

scenaze asuli varskvlavi mgonia, mere

mindeba, mik jageriviT daveWyano da

ena gamovuyo yvelas da yvelafers. am

gancdiT sruldeba msvleloba xidze,

kibeebiT CavdivarT riyis Cabnelebul

monakveTze, sadac, Ramis siSaveSic garkveviT

moCans RamesaviT Savi jipebi.

vxvdebiT, rom `buda barSi~ Cvenze sapatio

stumrebi misulan. zRurblTan

ori axovani mamakaci gvawyvetinebs laqlaqs.

win gveRobebian da gvekiTxebian:

`javSani gaqvT?~ iseTi zorbebi arian,

iseTi mkacrebi, rom vibnevi; mgonia,

javSanJilets, an rame sxva samxedro

aRkazmulobas mTxoven, rac ar gamaCnia.

wamierad gaelvebul eWvs meore ki-

Txva mimyarebs: `iaraRi xom ar gaqvT?~

_ Cems Tanmxleb biWs ekiTxebian. Tumca,

ramdenime wuTSi ukve SvebiT vsunTqavT

_ `javSani~ ar aRmogvaCnda, samagierod,

sufTebi varT. mqrqali SuqiT ganaTebul

SesasvlelSi ori, aseve principuli

da momTxovni qalbatoni gamodis.

oficiants avaleben, restoranSi Segvi-

ZRves _ `ai, imas mihyeviT~. Sinaganawesis

sruli dacviT (gverdzec ki ar vapareb

Tvals), naxevrad Cabnelebul da

naxevrad cariel darbazSi SevdivarT.

xom giTxariT, Tvals gverdiT ar vapareb-meTqi,

magram mxedvelobis areSi

iaponelebis mdumare sufra da romantikulad

garindebuli wyvilis saxeebi

mainc xvdeba. vsxdebiT, vSinaurdebiT,

veSvebiT. oficiantTan gabaasebasac

vapireb, radgan miyvars es efemeruli,

magram Tavaziani nacnoboba _ ras

inebebT? es iciT, ra gemrielia? Cvens

safirmo kerZs girCevT, aucileblad

unda gasinjoT! ah, amas ukveTavT? ma-

Sin _ es Rvino… da a.S.

axalgazrda kaci, aRmosavlur stil-

Si gadawyvetili sarestorno uniformiT,

mdumared debs menius sufraze

da midis. arada, aTasi kiTxva maqvs.

magaliTad: es karamelis sousi, karamelizirebuli

xaxviTaa, Tu…? anda:

Tqvens rolebs aqeben Zalian da safirmo

rolebi ufro sjobia, Tu Cveulebrivi

`kalifornia rolebi~? _ mokled,

gurmanis aTasi saWirboroto kiTxva. am

kiTxvebs rom ar vsvam, imitomacaa, rom

sxvaTa Soris, gasaocrad mokle dro-

Si motanil apetaizerebs Soris, ori

rolia _ `buda baris~ safirmo rolebi

da civi apetaizerebidan arCeuli vietnamuri

farSirebuli rolebi motkbomomJavo

sousiT. arada, ar davkvirvebivar.

giTxariT ukve, rom gurmani var,

ara? hoda, mTel am daTrgunulobas

mTavari kerZi jer kidev manam mixsnis,

vidre oficianti sufraze dadebs. ramdenime

metridan vgrZnob RumelSi gamomcxvari

Roris files damatyvevebel

aromats. aromati TandaTan miaxlovdeba,

mere aRarc maxsovs, rogor aRmoCndeba

Cems TefSze xorcis naWrebi

karamelis daxvewilad motkbo sousiT,

fiqris unars rom makargvinebs…

aseT gemoebze vambob xolme, rom

mravalSriania. tailandur samzareulos

es pirvel rigSi exeba _ piris

yovel moZraobaze, wamis meaTedebSi,

erTmaneTSi rom ireva tkbili, mJave,

cxare, civi, cxeli, sveli gemoebi…

kerZebi aq marTlac gemrielia. yvelaferi

gasasinjia. TefSebi uceb carieldeba.

nasiamovnebs mgonia, rom

ukve fxizeli azrovnebis unari damibrunda,

magram kidev ufro vfxizldebi,

roca skamze gadawolili, gverdiT

viyurebi da masiuri svetis iqiT ram-

denime pativcemul saxes vxedav _ ai,

visi yofila SesasvlelTan Cayenebuli

jipebi. `javSani~. vai!

axlaRa SevniSne, CvensaviT aq aravin

xmaurobs. umsgavsod vqaqanebT da viciniT,

Turme. mgoni, yvelaze seriozuli

Tema, romelsac ganvixilavT, esaa

_ Cinuri samzareulo ufro gviyvars,

Tu tailanduri? aqauri kerZebiT STagonebuli,

me, tailandurisken var…

mokled, SeZlebisdagvarad varRvevT

restornis marTla budisturTan miaxloebul

mSvid da gasxivosnebul auras.

drodadro, Cvens xmebs `buda baris~

musika Tu faravs.

musika eqskluziurad `buda baris-

Tvis~ iwereba. rogorc niusebSi amovikiTxe,

dijeebs aTeulobiT albomi

hqoniaT Cawerili, magram im saRamos,

`buda baris~ safirmo launj da Cilaut

musikas franguli Sansonebic

ereva. Tumca, ara mgonia, qveviT, `buda

baris~ launjSi, budas ramdenimemetriani

qandakebis `CrdilSi~, fumfula

savarZlebSi gadawolil klientebs es

musikaluri hulignoba SeemCniaT. iq,

Ria darbazSi da mZime fardebiT gatixrul

kupeebSi, sul sxva kaeSani sufevs

_ saimijod Tbilisuri _ Tavmomwoned

mZime, gasaidumloebuli.

bolos vaskvniT, me Tu maincdamainc

tailandurisken gaviqaCebi, amieridan

abaSiZeze, an kidev sxvagan wavalT.

acuRlutebuli skolis moswavleebi

maswavleblis dasanaxad rom cdiloben

dawynarebas, ai, am mcdelobiT gamovdivarT

gareT. zorbebs rom vuaxlovdebiT,

ukve `friadosnebiviT~ varT.

gareT vaskvniT: mgoni, specialurad

vicinodiT amdens da ase Tavawyvetilad.

ar vici, etyoba, `buda baris~ `simtkicis~

gatexva gvindoda. im erT sa-

Ramos es movaxerxeT. `mSvidobis xidis~

aqeT napirze, `samSvidobos gamosulebma~,

vTqviT, rom misia Sesrulebulia...

ara, amisTvis kidev waval!


saavtoro sveti

roca erTad vcxovrobdiT, saqsi

mxiaruli da gabrazebuli gogo iyo.

Cemda gasaxarad, sul ar Secvlila.

saqsma miTxra, rom sul ar Sevcvlilvar

da es Zalian uxaria. ramdenad

gasaxaria es ambavi _ ar vici.

me saqss vaTvalierebdi, saqsi me

macqerdeboda.

aRmovaCineT, rom cota gavizardeT.

boroti kaci ityoda, daberdneno.

Cven viciT, rom maSin bavSvebi

viyaviT, axla ki axalgazrdebi varT.

maSin, anu Svidi wlis winaT.

maradisobasTan SedarebiT Svidi

weli saxsenebelic araa.

Cemi da saqsis megobroba didad

ucnauri ambavia.

gabrazebuli saqsi bevrs verafers

xdeba, magram raRacas akeTebs

xolme.

me aseT dros mxolod gulze vskdebi.

saqsi neonacistebis Sekrebebze

dadis, cud sityvebs gahyviris da

taStebs da tolCebs araxunebs. is,

savaraudod, 50 kilos iwonis, wesiT,

advili sacemia, magram sirbili

exerxeba da es magrad Svelis.

me arsadac ar davdivar. me cud

sityvebs vambob, kedlebis da, didididi,

saqsis gasagonad.

saqsi anarqistia, me _ samzareulos

inteligencia.

saqss qalebi moswons.

me _ ara.

me da saqss erTmaneTi Zalian

gviyvars.

22 cxeli Sokoladi

saqsi

ana korZaia-samadaSvili

. . .

saqsis qalaqSi viyaviT, parkSi,

did SadrevanTan. mziani dRe iyo,

Tbili, SesaniSnavi. TeTri qandakebebiT

garSemortymulebi mzes veficxebodiT.

patara roca viyavi, Ria baraTebis

krebuli mqonda: „esa da es jadosnuri

parki“. maSin megona, rom

am sasaxlesa da mis parkze mSvenieri

amqveynad araferia. yvela xedi

momwonda, yvela qandakeba melamazeboda,

da ocnebaSi sul am sasaxlis

kibeze veSvebodi, araCveulebrivi

abreSumis kabiT da brolis qoSebiT,

Cemi ufliswulis Sesaxvedrad.

ver warmomedgina, rom odesme aqaurobis

xSiri stumari gavxdebodi

da imdenad gavkadnierdebodi, rom

darbazebSi Sesvla damezareboda

_ ramdenjer unda vnaxo... amjerad

mxolod muzeumis maRaziaSi Sevedi,

erT Cais Wiqas didxans vuRime

da bolos ar viyide _ meZvira. axla

vnanob.

„Cemi laTinuris maswavlebeli

axirebuli kaci iyo~, _ miyveboda

saqsi. „gakveTils ar sjerdeboda,

aq movyavdiT xolme da did gamocdas

gvitarebda. aba, es romeli

RmerTia? sworia. aba, imasTan ra

urTierToba aqvs?“

„is veneraa?“ yvela lamazi iyo, ra

vici...

„sircxvilia, profesoro, _ damcina

saqsma, atributebs daakvirdi.

ho, ho... da berZnebTan ra erqva?“

didi gamocda Cavabare. didad gaverTeT.

naTeli daadges Sens laTinuris

maswavlebels, saqs!

mere, qalaqSi, kvlav qandakebas-

Tan SevCerdiT. es RmerTi aRar iyo,

samxedro brZandeboda, anu, Cemi

Rrma rwmeniT, civsisxliani mkvleli

da kaciWamia, oRond vin iyo _

ar vicodi.

„arc unda icode“, _ damamSvida

saqsma. „ise, marTali xar _ naZiralaa“.

did meomars saxeli imiT gauTqvams,

rom amerikis kontinentis indielebisgan

gawmendis Cinebuli xerxi

gamougonia: tansacmels sCuqnida,

lamazs _ da mowamluls. am gziT

ramdenime aseuli adamiani mokla da

amisTvis Zalian Seaqes. kidev ramdeni

da rogor daxoca _ ar vici.

saqsma daiCivla, rom mravali mcdelobis

miuxedavad, am kacis Zegli

qalaqs ver moaxsnevines. me sergo

orjonikiZis Zeglis ambavi gamaxsenda

da SevTavaze, katabalaxas nayeniT

moerwyaT. marTalia, fisoebi

bevrs verafers daaklebdnen, magram

mainc saxaliso koncerti iqneboda.

„magaria“, _ Tqva saqsma da dafiqrda,

mere farTod gamiRima: „vizam!“

zustad vici _ izams, da sworsac

izams: nebismier generals venera

sjobia. an diana. lamazebic arian

da uwyinarebic.

...neta, ukve aknavldnen iqauri

xvadebi?


saavtoro sveti

veris baRis wignis bazroba damesizmra,

kviraobiT rom imarTeboda,

Cemi studentobisas, 80-ianebis

bolos. etyoba, muSaobiT

gadaviRale, an mTlad gamovtvindi.

xom ginda, kacs wignis bazroba

dagesizmros?! gansxvavebuli

da ucnauri sizmari ki iyo. mziT

ganaTebul veris baRSi wignebis

mwkrivs mivuyvebodi. sul nacnobi,

axlobeli, sayvareli wignebi

mxvdeboda. adamianebi ki arsad

Candnen. erTdroulad sasiamovno

da sevdiani ganwyoba meufleboda.

wignebis naxva mixaroda da vwuxdi,

rom adamianebi arsad Candnen.

dabneuls gameRviZa. mere, davfiqrdi

_ sad iyvnen adamianebi, Cemi

nacnobebi, axloblebi, megobrebi...

zogs, aRar scalia, zogi, aq

ar aris, zogic _ saerTod aRar

aris. wignebTanac ise veRar vmegobrobT

_ kargad, Zveleburad.

mxolod saqmisTvis Tu viyenebT.

erTmaneTs? iqneb, erTmaneTsac

mxolod saqmisTvis viyenebT da

trivialurad, tlanqad vxsniT _

`ras izam, droa aseTi, pragmatuli~...

im 80-ianebSi ki, maxsovs, rogor

velodi yovel kvira dRes. ubralod,

mixaroda sayvarel wignebTan

da adamianebTan Sexvedra, urTier-

Toba. da es bazroba amis erT-erTi

saukeTeso saSualeba iyo.

wera-kiTxvac isev `modaSi Semovida~.

ase, TavisTavad, Cveulebri-

24 cxeli Sokoladi

sisulelis

traqtati

gaga naxucriSvili

vad, martivad. da yvela sxva, sulelur

modas xom sjobda? uceb,

kamiu da kafka gaxdnen Zalian popularulebi,

rogorc xdeba xolme

CvenSi, kacma ar icis, ratom.

Cem irgvliv bevri werda. bevri

maT baZavda. oRond gulwrfelad,

literaturis siyvaruliT da ara

popularobisa, Tu telesaxed gaxdomis

surviliT. Tumca, sad iyvnen

maSin es biTuri telesaxeebi.

ufro namdvili dro iyo. mokled,

ase gaCndnen `gurji ucxoebi~.

erT Cems axlobels vkiTxe kidec,

sad ipove-meTqi eg `gurji ucxo~,

cudad vuTxari. sxvanairad unda

meTqva, Zalian axalgazrda viyavi.

mapatie, Zmobilo. sjobda, Cemi

prozisTvis mimexeda, romelic gulubryvilo

da ususuri iyo...

skola axali damTavrebuli

mqonda, rodesac `didtaniani mo-

Txroba~ davwere _ `povests~ rom

uwodeben rusebi. `sisulelis

traqtati~ erqva. siuJetze axlac

mecineba. banaluri, miamituri, Tanac

pretenziuli. ho, zustad ase-

Ti iyo.

axalgazrda kacs msubuqi yofaqcevis

qali Seuyvardeba, romelic

veneriuli daavadebiT gardaicvleba.

kaci ganicdis, magram sicocxles

ganagrZobs, cdilobs, sxva,

lamazi gogo Seiyvaros, radgan...

mokled, sevdanarevi hepi-endiT

mTavrdeboda. mbeWdavs mivakiTxe.

kari Suaxnis, sandomiani garegno-

bis qalbatonma gamiRo. ucnauri

formis saTvale ekeTa, romelic

odnav sasacilo iers sZenda.

_ `sisulelis traqtati~... saintereso

saTauria, _ miTxra RimiliT.

_ gmadlobT, didi araferi, _

TiTqos Semrcxva.

_ dRes, saRamosve dagibeWdav,

Zviric ar dagijdeba!...

_ gmadlobT!...

_ Tu raime Secdoma vnaxe, Sei-

Zleba gagisworo? _ mkiTxa moridebiT.

_ ra Tqma unda, didi madloba,

_ redaqtoric vipove-meTqi _ gavifiqre.

erTmaneTs davemSvidobeT.

***

diliT isev movinaxule Cemi `redaqtori~.

`traqtati~ ukve daebeWda.

fuli da uamravi madloba

gadavuxade. kapikebi gamomarTva,

cota momerida kidevac...

***

Sin davbrundi da dabeWdil teqsts

gadavxede. sxva moTxrobas

vkiTxulobdi, romelic odnav hgavda

Cems dawerils. ase Camiswora...

maxsovs, saSinlad mewyina, magram

aRar Sevxmianebivar, sayveduri ar

miTqvams...

ise, im sandomiani qalis moTxrobac

ar iyo Cems `traqtatze~ uke-

Tesi.


პო­პუ­ლი­­­თქვე­ნი­ყო­ველ­დღი­უ­რი­არ­ჩე­ვა­ნი

კომ­პა­ნია­„პოპულში“­თით­ქ­მის­ერ­თი­წე­ლი­ა,­რაც­

ახა­ლი­მმარ­თ­ვე­ლი­გუნ­დი­შე­ვი­და,­რო­მე­ლიც­ევ­

რო­პუ­ლი­გა­მოც­დი­ლე­ბის­და­კვა­ლი­ფი­ცი­ის­მქო­ნე­

მოწ­ვე­უ­ლი­ პრო­ფე­სი­ო­ნა­ლე­ბი­თაა­ და­კომ­პ­ლექ­

ტე­ბუ­ლი.­ მე­ნეჯ­მენ­ტის­ ცვლი­ლე­ბა­ უკ­ვე­ აისა­ხა­

„პოპულის“­ სწრა­ფი­ გან­ვი­თა­რე­ბი­სა­ და­ ზრდის­

ტენ­დენ­ცი­ა­ზე,­ კომ­პა­ნი­ის­ მარ­თ­ვის­ კონ­ცეფ­ცი­ა­

ზე,­­მომ­სა­ხუ­რე­ბის­თა­ნა­მედ­რო­ვე­სტან­დარ­ტე­ბის­

და­ნერ­გ­ვა­სა­ და­ ბიზ­ნეს­­საქ­მი­ა­ნო­ბის­ ახ­ლე­ბურ­

სტრა­ტე­გი­ა­ზე.­

„პოპულის“­ ახა­ლი­ მე­ნეჯ­მენ­ტის­თ­ვის­ ყვე­ლა­ზე­

მნიშ­ვ­ნე­ლო­ვა­ნი­ სა­კითხი­ მომ­ხ­მა­რებ­ლის­თ­ვის­

მა­ღა­ლი­ ხა­რის­ხის­ მქო­ნე­ პრო­დუქ­ცი­ის­ მი­წო­დე­

ბა­ა.­ პრო­დუქ­ტე­ბის­ ხა­რის­ხის­ კონ­ტ­როლ­ზე,­ კომ­

პა­ნი­ა­ში­ ერ­თ­ერ­თი­ ყვე­ლა­ზე­ მძლავ­რი­ და­ დი­დი­

დე­პარ­ტა­მენ­ტი­მუ­შა­ობს­­­ხა­რის­ხის­მარ­თ­ვის­დე­

პარ­ტა­მენ­ტი­პრო­დუქ­ცი­ის­ვარ­გი­სი­ა­ნო­ბას,­ვა­და­

სა­და­ხა­რისხს­ამოწ­მებს.­თა­რო­ებ­ზე­მოხ­ვედ­რამ­

დე­ პრო­დუქ­ტი­ რამ­დე­ნი­მე­ ეტა­პი­ან­ შე­მოწ­მე­ბას­

გა­დის,­ მათ­ შო­რის­ ლა­ბო­რა­ტო­რი­ულ­ და­ სა­დე­

გუს­ტა­ციო­ ტეს­ტებს.­ გარ­და­ ხა­რის­ხის­ მარ­თ­ვის­

დე­პარ­ტა­მენ­ტი­სა,­ ასე­ვე­ მუ­შა­ობს­ ში­და­ კონ­ტ­რო­

ლის­ გუნ­დი,­ რო­მე­ლიც­ პრო­დუქ­ცი­ის­ ხა­რის­ხ­სა­

და­ ვარ­გი­სი­ა­ნო­ბას­ უშუ­ა­ლოდ­ მა­ღა­ზი­ა­ში­ მოხ­

ვედ­რის­ შემ­დეგ­ პერ­მა­ნენ­ტუ­ლად­ ­ ამოწ­მებს­ და­

აკონ­ტ­რო­ლებს,­რა­თა­და­ცუ­ლი­იყოს­შე­ნახ­ვის­პი­

რო­ბე­ბი­ და­ პრო­დუქ­ცი­ის­ ვა­დი­ა­ნო­ბა.­ მა­ღა­ზი­ებს­

კონ­ტ­რო­ლის­მიზ­ნით,­ხში­რად­სტუმ­რო­ბენ­თა­ვად­

ტოპ­­მე­ნეჯ­მენ­ტის­ წევ­რე­ბი,­ რაც­ გა­ნა­პი­რო­ბებს­

მა­ღა­ზი­ა­ში­ მო­მუ­შა­ვე­ პერ­სო­ნა­ლის­ მუდ­მივ­ მო­

ბი­ლი­ზე­ბუ­ლო­ბას.­ შე­სა­ბა­მი­სად,­ დღეს­დღე­ო­ბით­

თით­ქ­მის­ ნუ­ლამ­დეა­ დაყ­ვა­ნი­ლი­ პრობ­ლ­მა,­ რო­

მე­ლიც­ პრო­დუქ­ცი­ის­ ხა­რისხს,­ ვარ­გი­სი­ა­ნო­ბა­სა­

და­ვა­დი­ა­ნობს­შე­ე­ხე­ბა.­რაც­„პოპულის“­მი­მართ­

მომ­ხ­მა­რებ­ლის­ ნდო­ბის­ მთა­ვა­რი­ გა­რან­ტია­ და­

რა­ზეც­„პოპულის“­ახა­ლი­გუნ­დი­მოს­ვ­ლის­პირ­ვე­

ლი­დღი­დან­აქ­ტი­უ­რად­ზრუ­ნავს­და­მუ­შა­ობს!­­

სა­სი­ა­მოვ­ნო­ სი­ახ­ლეა­ „პოპ­არტ­ ბა­რა­თის“­

მფლო­ბე­ლე­ბის­თ­ვი­საც.­ 4­ მა­ი­სი­დან­ „პოპულის“­

სა­სა­ჩუქ­რე­ კა­ტა­ლო­გი­ გა­ნახ­ლ­და.­ „­პოპ­არტ­ ბა­

რა­თის­“აქ­ტი­ურ­მფლო­ბე­ლებს­მა­ღა­ლი­ხა­რის­ხი­

სა­და­თა­ნა­მედ­რო­ვე­სა­ყო­ფაცხოვ­რე­ბო­ტექ­ნი­კის­

შერ­ჩე­ვა­შე­უძ­ლი­ათ.­(მაგ.­135­ქუ­ლის­სა­ნაც­ვ­ლოდ­

თქვენ­სამ­ზა­რე­უ­ლოს­სას­წორს­მი­ი­ღებთ,­175­ქუ­

ლა­ზე­ ­­ ტოს­ტერს,­ 700­ ქუ­ლის­ დაგ­რო­ვე­ბის­ შემ­

თხ­ვე­ვა­ში­ კი­ სამ­ზა­რე­უ­ლოს­ კომ­ბა­ინს­ გა­ჩუ­ქე­

ბენ).­ნე­ბის­მი­ერ­კითხ­ვა­ზე­პა­სუხს­მომ­ხ­მა­რე­ბე­ლი­

„პოპულის“­­ცხე­ლ­ხაზ­ზე­მი­ი­ღებს­­­­2­43­11­22­

ბა­რათ­ზე­დაგ­რო­ვი­ლი­ქუ­ლე­ბის­გა­მო­ყე­ნე­ბა­4­მა­

ი­სი­დან­ 6­ თვის­ გან­მავ­ლო­ბა­შია­ შე­საძ­ლე­ბე­ლი.­

ამას­თან,­მა­ი­სი­დან­კი­დევ­6­თვის­გან­მავ­ლო­ბა­ში­

ძა­ლა­ში­იქ­ნე­ბა­ის­ქუ­ლე­ბიც,­რომ­ლე­ბიც­მომ­ხ­მა­

რებ­ლებ­მა­აქამ­დე­და­აგ­რო­ვეს.­

„პო­პუ­ლის“­ახა­ლი­გუნ­დის­კი­დევ­ერ­თი­მნიშ­ვ­ნე­

ლო­ვა­ნი­ინი­ცი­ა­ტი­ვაა­­„პოპულის“­და­ბა­ლი­სა­ფა­

სო­პო­ლი­ტი­კა.­

„პო­პუ­ლი“­ პირ­ვე­ლი­ სა­ცა­ლო­­სა­ვაჭ­რო­ მომ­სა­ხუ­

რე­ბის­ქსე­ლი­ა,­რო­მე­ლიც­პირ­ვე­ლა­დი­მოხ­მა­რე­

ბის­პრო­დუქ­ტ­ზე­მომ­ხ­მა­რე­ბელს­ყვე­ლა­ზე­და­ბალ­

ფა­სებს­სთა­ვა­ზობს.­ახა­ლი­გუნ­დი­სა­ფა­სო­პო­ლი­

ტი­კის­ შე­ნარ­ჩუ­ნე­ბას­ აპი­რებს­ და­ მა­თი­ წარ­მო­

მად­გენ­ლე­ბის­ თქმით,­ ე.წ.­ „სამომხმარებლო­ კა­

ლა­თის“­ასორ­ტი­მენ­ტის­გამ­რა­ვალ­ფე­როვ­ნე­ბა­სა­

და­პრო­დუქ­ცი­ის­ჩა­მო­ნათ­ვა­ლის­გაზ­რ­და­საც­გეგ­

მავს.

მე­ნეჯ­მენ­ტის­ ახა­ლი­ სტრა­ტე­გი­ი­დან­ გა­მომ­დი­ნა­

რე­„პოპულმა“­წელს­ორი­XL­ფორ­მა­ტის­მა­ღა­ზია­

და­ხუ­რა,­ ხო­ლო­ კი­დევ­ ორის­ ოპ­ტი­მი­ზა­ცია­ გა­ნა­

ხორ­ცი­ე­ლა.­ რო­გორც­ „პოპულის“­ ­ გე­ნე­რა­ლუ­

რი­ დი­რექ­ტო­რი­ თე­ო­დო­რა­ ტი­ჩე­რი­ჩი­ აცხა­დებს:­

„სხვადასხვა­ ზო­მის­ მა­ღა­ზი­ე­ბი­ გან­ს­ხ­ვა­ვე­ბუ­ლი­

ტი­პის­ სეგ­მენ­ტ­სა­ და­ მომ­ხ­მა­რე­ბელ­ზეა­ ორი­ენ­

ტი­რე­ბუ­ლი.­ ჩვენ­თ­ვის­ კი­ მნიშ­ვ­ნე­ლო­ვა­ნია­ რომ­

„პოპულის“­ მა­ღა­ზი­ე­ბი­ იყოს­ თბი­ლი­სის­ ყვე­ლა­

უბან­ში,­ ნე­ბის­მი­ე­რი­ ჩვე­ნი­ მომ­ხ­მა­რებ­ლის­ სახ­

ლ­თან­ ახ­ლოს.­ სწო­რედ­ ამი­ტომ,­ აქ­ცენ­ტი­ პა­ტა­

რა­ ფორ­მა­ტის­ მა­ღა­ზი­ებ­სა­ და,­ ამას­თა­ნა­ვე,­ მათ­

სიხ­ში­რე­ზე­კეთ­დე­ბა.­წლის­და­საწყი­სი­დან­უკ­ვე­3­

ახა­ლი­მა­ღა­ზია­გა­იხ­ს­ნა,­და­კი­დევ­სა­მის­გახ­ს­ნა­

იგეგ­მე­ბა.­ „პოპულის“­ ქსე­ლი­ რე­გი­ო­ნე­ბის­ მას­შ­

ტა­ბი­თაც­გა­ფარ­თოვ­დე­ბა.

რა­ტომ­უნ­და­აირ­ჩიო­„პოპული“?­­­ეს­არის­მა­ღა­

ზი­ა,­რო­მე­ლიც­სახ­ლ­თან­ყვე­ლა­ზე­ახ­ლო­სა­ა,­პირ­

ვე­ლა­დი­მოხ­მა­რე­ბის­პრო­დუქ­ტ­ზე­ყვე­ლა­ზე­და­ბა­

ლი­ ფა­სე­ბი­ აქვს,­ ზრუ­ნავს­ პრო­დუქ­ცი­ის­ მა­ღალ­

ხა­რის­ხ­ზე­ და­ ერ­თ­გულ­ მყიდ­ველს­ ყო­ველ­თ­ვის­

მრა­ვალ­ფე­რო­ვან­ და­ სა­ინ­ტე­რე­სო­ სა­ჩუქ­რებ­სა­

და­აქ­ცი­ებს­სთა­ვა­ზობს.­


saavtoro sveti

xeli aviwie _ wyals davlev-meTqi

da auditoriidan gamovedi. Cems

kurselebs CaecinaT, radgan icodnen,

leqciaze aRar davbrundebodi.

ase memarTeboda zogjer _ sulis

xuTva da, ki viwevdi xels, viTom

sindisierad, magram ukan usindisod

aRar vbrundebodi. leqtorebic

ukve ar msayvedurobdnen, Tu

maT mravlismetyvel mzeras ar CavTvliT,

da mokled, gamodioda, rom

raRac usityvo SeTanxmebas hqonda

adgili... axlac aseTi utifari

tyuiliT gamovedi leqciidan derefanSi,

mere ezoSic gamovbodialdi

da vxedav, institutis kibesTan

axlos, xis uzurgo skamze cocxebis

gamyidveli kaci Camomjdara da

gaSlil qolgas awvalebs daZabuli

saxiT. dakecva unda da ver axerxebs.

detalurad maxsovs es frTamotexili

qolga, yviTel fonze iasamnebi

iyo ugemovnebod mixatuli.

`mogexmaroT?~ _ qolgaze vaniSneb.

`ara!~ _ gabrazebulia. `arasworad

kecavT!~ _ ar veSvebi. `Cemi colisaa,

wavida da darCa. raRacaze dameWira

xeli da gaiSala~. qolgas

lamis ZaliT varTmev xelidan da

vkecav or wamSi. miRimis. Zalian lamazi

meCveneba. Suaxnis kacia, maRali,

garujuli, daudevrad Cacmuli.

`aq swavlob?~ _ TaviT maniSnebs.

`diax~ _ veubnebi. `me skolac ki ar

damimTavrebia, ar SemeZlo swavla.

magram pianinoze vukravdi. Zalian

miyvars pianino~ _ WuWyian xele-

26 cxeli Sokoladi

cocxebis

gamyidveli

maia sariSvili

bs dahyurebs. `gindaT dagakvrevinoT?~

_ vekiTxebi, vnanob iqve

da mainc ganvagrZob: `institutSi

agiyvanT. 301-e auditoriaSi axla

aravin iqneba, mec xSirad Sevdivar

xolme iq dasakravad~. _ mgonia, rom

ar damTanxmdeba, magram `davai!~ _

micinis da yoCaRad dgeba, samive

`ginda, cocxs

gaCuqeb?~ _ TvalebSi

miyurebs. `ara!~

_ meRimeba. `maSin

imas, im kacs mieci~

_ baton jemalze

meubneba. `kargiT~ _

cocxs varTmev da

dekanatSi Semaqvs.

cocxs da dakecil qolgas xelSi

iRebs da SevdivarT institutSi.

`ui, roiali yofila!~ _ damfrTxali

miyurebs da skamze dajdomas

ver bedavs. `nu geSiniaT, aravin Semova!~

_ vamxneveb da velodebi, rom

raRac saocreba moxdeba, rogorc

filmebSi Tu romanebSi da CamoZon-

Zili kaci genialurad daukravs,

uniWieresi musikosi aRmoCndeba,

Sevuyvardebi, cols gaSordeba Cemi

gulisTvis da aTasi saocari ram...

is ki, orive xelis TiTebs muStebad

kravs, mere mxolod saCvenebel

TiTebs aTavisuflebs tyveobidan

da am ori TiTiT sruli sacodaobis

dakvras iwyebs. suleluri melodia

romeliRac serialidan...

lamis vitiro. am dros kari ixsneba

da auditoriaSi Cemi fakultetis

dekani, jemal kupraSvili Semodis.

`vinaa?~ _ gabrazebas apirebs. `cocxebis

gamyidvelia, ukravs~ _ mSvidad

veubnebi. `vxedav!~ _ cocxebs

xeli daavlo da fexebTan miuyara

patrons. `kidev aTi wuTi, ra... cxovrebaSi

pirvelad ukravs roialze~

_ vexvewebi. `ra geSveleba, Sen?!~

_ batoni jemali keTilad miRimis

da gadis. `daukariT~ _ roialTan

mivaCoCe Cemi skami. `meti araferi

maxsovs, yvelaferi damaviwyda~ _

adgomas apirebs. `igive daukariT~ _

ar veSvebi da isic isev saCvenebeli

TiTebiT ukravs igive melodias, magram

iseTi TavganwirviTa da asmagi

mondomebiT, rom Caxuteba mindeba

da Tavs Zlivs vikaveb. `sariSvili,

gavida aTi wuTi!~ _ batoni jemalis

Tavi SemoZvra karis RriWodan da

isev gaZvra... `ginda, cocxs gaCuqeb?~

_ TvalebSi miyurebs. `ara!~ _

meRimeba. `maSin imas, im kacs mieci~

_ baton jemalze meubneba. `kargiT~

_ cocxs varTmev da dekanatSi Semaqvs.

`iman dagitovaT~ _ veubnebi.

`romel leqciaze unda ijde axla

Sen?~ _ Tbili gabrazebiT mekiTxeba.

me mxrebs viCeCav _ `ar vici!~...


werili londonidan

axali adamiani _ artisti

avtori, foto: marika qoCiaSvili

28 cxeli Sokoladi


werili londonidan

cxeli Sokoladi 29


werili londonidan

`idea, romelic dRes minda sazeimod

warmogidginoT, aseTia: rogor

gavxdeT axali tipis aTeistebi. sxva

sityvebiT rom giTxraT, minda, warmogidginoT

aTeizmis axali versia, pirobiTi

saxelwodebiT _ aTeizmi 2.0~,

_ ase daiwyo Tavisi ocwuTiani gamosvla

2011 wlis ivlisSi, edinburgSi,

ted.komis yovelwliur konferenciaze

alan de botonma, britanelma

filosofosma da axali aTeisturi

msoflmxedvelobis avtorma.

jer SevTanxmdeT, rom ted.komi

ukve wlebia, msoflioSi sruliad

axal mediums qmnis _ dafiqrebisTvis,

diskusiisTvis, informaciis miRebis-

Tvis da SeiZleba zogjer pirovnuli

transformaciisTvisac. ted.komis

konferenciebze xSirad pirvelad

xdeba xolme uaxlesi teqnikuri da

samecniero miRwevebis prezentacia,

zogjer ki imave scenidan sazogadoeba

sruliad gamaognebel da STamagonebel

adamianur istoriebsac ismens.

alan de botoni ted.komis varskvlav

spikerebs Soris erT-erTi

yvelaze popularulia. misi gamosvla

`aTeizmi. 2.0~ vebgverdze atvirTvis

Semdeg 905.830 adamians aqvs nanaxi.

is, rac adamianebs botonis moxsenebaSi

moswonT, gambedaoba da Zveli

Temebis axleburad gaazrebaa. `Zveli

Tema~, am SemTxvevaSi, aTeizmis klasikuri

gansazRvrebaa.

yvelaze axali, rasac alan de botoni

ambobs aris is, rom aTeistebsac

ki SeuZliaT religiis garkveuli

niuansebi sakuTari sekularuli

cxovrebis samsaxurSi Caayenon _ cxovrebis,

romelsac bevri nakli aqvs.

`SeiZleba, viRacisTvis saSinel usindisobas

vambobde, magram, mgoni, araferia

cudi imaSi, Tu religias ra-

Rac ideebsa da midgomebs movparavT.

mere ra, rom religias saerTod arafrad

vagdebT, mainc SegviZlia misi

saukeTeso niuansebi aviRoT da gavmiqsoT.

CemTvis `aTeizmi 2.0~ zustad

esaa _ sruliad gacnobierebuli da

mzakvruli gza sxvadasxva religiis

gasacnobad da kiTxvis dasasmelad:

`aqedan risi gamoyeneba SegviZlia?!~

alan de botonma am kiTxvaze pasuxi

30 cxeli Sokoladi

ukve icis. is fiqrobs, rom yvelaze

mniSvnelovani sfero, romelic SeiZleba

Zireulad Seicvalos religias-

Tan `gamiqsviT~, ganaTlebaa.

ganaTleba sekularuli msoflios

fundamentia. esaa is, raSic didi

fuli ideba; rac Tanamedrove, moazrovne

adamianebis azriT, ara

marto Zalian saWiro komerciul

da industriul unarebs gviviTarebs

moqalaqeebs, aramed ukeTes

pirovnebebadac gvaqcevs. Tumca,

dRes ukve Riad da sruliad sxvadasxva

mediumiT, msjeloben imaze,

rom Tanamedrove ganaTlebis siste-

`idea, romelic

dRes minda

sazeimod

warmogidginoT,

aseTia: rogor

gavxdeT axali

tipis aTeistebi.

sxva sityvebiT rom

giTxraT, minda,

warmogidginoT

aTeizmis axali

versia, pirobiTi

saxelwodebiT _

aTeizmi 2.0~

ma CixSia. is veRar pasuxobs drois

moTxovnebs. aRar SeuZlia, axali

saukunis adamianebs misces im saxis

ganaTleba, rac axal gamowvevebs gadagvalaxinebs.

alan de botoni ambobs, rom ganaTlebis

lpobaSeparuli sistemis

mkurnaloba religiidan moparuli

xerxebiT SeiZleba.

`rom mixvideT romelime yvelaze

prestiJul universitetSi, vTqvaT,

harvardSi, an oqsfordSi, anda kembrijSi

da uTxraT: `movedi imitom,

rom veZeb zneobas, nugeSs, mfarvelobas.

minda viswavlo, rogor vicxovro.

ras getyvian? ras da sagi-

JeTSi gagamweseben. Cveni saukeTeso

institutebi am yvelafris mosacemad

ar Seqmnilan. ratom? imitom, rom

umaRles saswavleblebSi ar fiqroben,

rom Cven es yvelaferi gvaklia.

Cven maTTvis zrdasruli adamianebi

varT da erTaderTi, rac gvWirdeba,

informaciaa. informacia, monacemebi

da ara daxmareba~.

`rogori SeiZleba iyos skola,

romelSic gaswavlian cxovrebas?~ _

alan de botonma axali tipis saswavleblis

Seqmnaze fiqri zustad am ki-

TxviT daiwyo. Sedegad, ukve meoTxe

welia, londonSi gaxsnilia skola,

sadac zrdasrul adamianebs _ samsaxurianebs,

Svilianebs, gayrilebs,

Tu Sinaberebs exmarebian pasuxis

moZebnaSi kiTxvaze _ rogor vicxovro?

skolis dasaarseblad winaswari

kvlevis Catareba alan de botonma

2007 wels daiwyo _ fotograf

martin parTan, mweral tom hogkinsonTan

da sxva megobar mwerlebTan,

akademikosebTan, biznesmenebTan da

artistebTan erTad. Cemi respondenti,

karolin brimeri am procesSi Tavidanve

iyo CarTuli. amitom Sexvedrisas

skolis koncefciaze didxans

vesaubre. yvelaze arsebiTad misi es

Sefaseba meCvena: `Cven vaswavliT adamianebs,

rogor hqondeT sisxlsavse

cxovreba, rogor daixarjon bolomde.

Cven ar gvainteresebs didi moazrovneebisa

da maTi didi ideebis istoria

da am istoriebis gazepireba,

gvinda, adamianebs vaswavloT, rogor

moargon sakuTar yoveldRiurobas

es didi ideebi~.

_ anu, aq sxvadasxva filosofiuri

naazrevis utilitaruli gamoyeneba

xdeba, ara?

_ asea. umaRles saswavleblebSi

gaswavlian bevr saintereso rames,

magram ara, magaliTad, imas, rogor

giyvardes ufro Zlier, rogor iyo

ukeTesi mSobeli, rogor Secvalo

Seni garemo.

_ SeiZleba viRacam ifiqros, rom es

Zalian paTetikuri da bundovani miznebia,

roca saubaria skolaze.

_ SeiZleba, magram Cveni mizani

marTlac esaa. kviridan kviramde


alan de botoni

`cxovrebis skolaSi~ `qadagebaze~

SeiZleba, Sedegs verc vamCnevde,

magram Tavdajereba aSkarad memateba

xolme, roca vTqvaT, erTi

wlis Semdeg brundeba romelime

Cveni yofili moswavle da gveubneba,

_ iciT, ramdeni xania, mindoda

Semovla da madlobis Tqma.

Zalian dabneuli viyavi TqvenTan

rom movedi, magram aqedan wasvlis

mere yvelaferi Seicvala. zustad

aqedan gasvlis Semdeg daiwyo procesi…

_ am dros vfiqrob xolme,

rom yvelas cxovrebaSi dgeba dro,

roca sul patara daxmarebac ki,

sul mciredi, swori rCevac ki, gadaarCens.

Cven marto amas vakeTebT:

klasi warmatebulia, Tu adamiani

Senobidan dafiqrebuli gava. aq ar

gvaqvs mza receptebi, adamianebs

ubralod biZgs vaZlevT~.

kerolini meubneba, rom erTwliani

kvlevis dros didi sifrxiliT arCevdnen

Sesaferis Senobas. undodaT,

iseTi raioni SeerCiaT, romelic Ta-

visi istoriiT skolis daniSnulebasa

da faseulobebs kidev ufro gamohkveTda.

The School of Life londonis centr-

Si, blumsberize dasaxlda. raionSi,

romlis SuagulSic British Museum-ia

ganTavsebuli da aranakleb momxibvlelia

imiTac, rom iq, meoce saukunis

dasawyisSi cxovrobda da swavlobda

artistebis, mwerlebis da filosofosebis

mTeli armia. `blumbseris

jgufi~ _ ase erqva maT gaerTianebas,

romelSic erT-erTi gamorCeuli

wevri virjinia vulfi iyo. iqauroba

axlac inteleqtualur sivrced

iTvleba kolejebiT, muzeumebiT,

biblioTekebiT da wignis maRaziebiT.

swored am Zveli londonuri fasadebis

miRma, 2008 wlidan moyolebuli,

oci wlis gogo-biWebsac da 45 wlis

profesionalebsac, yovel SabaT-kviras

sam-sam saaTian gakveTilebs utareben

im sferoSi, romelsac TviTon

airCeven.

werili londonidan

klasi _ `wirva~

skolaSi mec `davbrundi~

skolaSi mec `davbrundi~. erT

Cveulebriv, londonur, wvimian dilas,

Cemi zurgCanTa movikide, zurg-

CanTaSi vaSli da bloknoti Cavide,

xelSi wigni daviWire, yurebSi sasiamovno

musika gavirWve (qolga ar

maqvs) da londoneli moswavlesaviT,

skolisaken gaveSure.

metros gaCereba `iustonidan~ ramdenime

wuTi fexiT unda viaro. telefonSi

rukas Cavyureb da skolisken

gzas mivikvlev. raRac didis molodini

maqvs, imdenad rom, roca ruka

miCvenebs, rom daniSnulebis adgils

mivaRwie, erT xans gaSeSebuli vdgavar,

aqeT-iqiT viyurebi da vcdilob

`cxovrebis skola (!)~ davinaxo.

`cxovrebis skola~ erTi patara,

vitrinebiani wignis maRaziasaviT yofila.

SuSis karze weria _ Ideas to live

by (ideebi, romliTac unda icxovro).

Tu am warweras yuradRebas miaqcev,

aqedanve mixvdebi, rom `cota sxva-

cxeli Sokoladi 31


werili londonidan

gan~ xar. Tu ar miaqcev da, CaTvale,

Cveulebriv wignis maRaziaSi aRmoCndi,

ufro sworad, superTanamedrove

wignis maRaziaSi. interieric aseTia

_ ekologiurad sufTa, minimalisturi

_ farTo oTaxSi aqa-iq Camdgari

didi xeebis totebiT. SegiZlia, aar-

Cio wignebi da mere, iqve gadaaTvaliero

_ barSi, Tan axlad gawuruli

forToxlis wveni miayolo.

Tu jer kidev Cveulebriv, Tanamedrove

wignis maRaziaSi ggonia Tavi,

aba, am warweras Sexede wignis Taroze

_ Self-help books (pirdapiri TargmaniT

`TviTdamxmare wignebi~ _ m.q.) _ umal

daibnevi. roca saTaurebs gadaxedav,

SeiZleba moswrebuli britanuli xumroba

gegonos: `rogor vipovoT kargi

samsaxuri~, `rogor ar gavgiJdeT~,

`rogor vinerviuloT naklebi fulze~,

`rogor gadavrCeT cifrul samyaroSi~

da aseve _ alan de botonis

naSromi _ `rogor vifiqroT ufro

meti seqsze~.

arada, alan de botons xumroba ki

uyvars, magram `TviTdamxmare wignebis~

ideaze roca msjelobs, absoluturad

seriozulia. `rogorc wesi, es

`TviTdamxmare wignebi~ saSineli ramea.

vardisferi ydebi aqvT da umal

bednierebis mopovebas, umal didi

fulis Sovnas gpirdebian. `cxovrebis

skolaSi~ aseTi wignebi ar gvaqvs,

magram gvgonia, rom Zalian magaria,

roca wigns SeuZlia cxovrebis gzis

gakvlevaSi dagexmaros. aseT wignebze

roca vfiqrob, platoni, seneka, monteni,

nicSe maxsendeba. maTi wignebic

`TviTdamxmarea~, ubralod _ kargi~.

radgan jer isev wignis maRaziaSi

vtrialebT, modi, biblioTerapiis

ganyofilebaSi SevixedoT (es Tqvenc

SegiZliaT, skolis vebgverdze). `cxovrebis

skolaSi~ gveubnebian: `erT

dros sakmaod advili iyo, gepova wigni,

romelic siamovnebas moganiWebda.

dRes ki, roca yovel 30 wamSi axal

wigns gamoscemen, 163 sicocxle mainc

dagWirdebaT yvela im wignis wasaki-

Txad, romelic Amazon-ze iyideba.

swored amitom, `cxovrebis skola~

bilbioTerapiis serviss gTavazobT:

SesaniSnavi gza imisTvis, rom aRmoa-

32 cxeli Sokoladi

CinoT literatura, romelsac Tqveni

cxovrebis Secvla SeuZlia~.

rogorc wesi, biblioTerapevti

TiToeul `pacients~ saqmian kiTxvebs

usvams kiTxvis Cvevebisa da cxovrebiseuli

problemebis Sesaxeb da

mxolod amis Semdeg wers receptebs.

Tumca, onlain, skolis vebgverdze,

ramdenime zogadi receptic devs. magaliTad,

kiTxviTi Terapia adamianebisTvis,

romlebic miatoves. recepti

ase iwyeba:

`gamowerili kiTxva. diagnozi _

gulgatexiloba. dozireba _ miiReT

nazad da mozomilad (Prescribed Rea-

`ar arsebobs

martivi da

winaswar SefuTuli

pasuxebi, romlebsac

salxSi gagatanT~,

_ gviTxra

dasawyisSive

hugom da asec iyo.

kiTxvaze _ rogor

vipovoT sasurveli

samsaxuri,

pasuxi _ iloceT

da mogecemaT _

ar yofila.

ding. Ailment For broken-hearted; Dosage

_ Apply gently and with care)~. da Semdeg

mosdevs im wignebis CamonaTvali,

romlebic gatexil guls amTelebs.

`cxovrebis skolaSi~ danergili am

novaciiT, gazeTi `gardianic~ dainteresda.

SarSan, Semodgomaze, `gardianis~

redaqciam Tavisi eqvsi Jurnalisti

gagzavna biblioTerapiaze

imis dasadgenad, amarTlebda Tu ara

es wamowyeba. Semdeg eqvsivem `gardianisTvis~

sakuTari STabeWdilebebi

dawera...

jer kidev wignis maRaziaSi borialisas

mec Sevxvdi ramdenime londonels,

romelic biblioTerapevtis

seansze ewereboda. es adamianebi

ixdidnen 70 funt sterlings imis-

Tvis, rom wignis Zala sirTuleebis

gadasalaxad gamoeyenebinaT (70 funti

sterlingiT londonSi, sazogadoebrivi

transportiT imgzavreb or

kviras, 2-jer iyidi supermarketSi

sursaT-sanovages, anda dalev 7 koqteils

barSi).

rogor, rogor da rogor...

`rogor iyo sakuTar TavSi darwmunebuli~,

`rogor gaxde ukeTesi megobari~,

`rogor Seegebo sikvdils~,

`rogor ipovo sasurveli samsaxuri~

da a.S. _ `cxovrebis skolaSi~ sul 19

dasaxelebis klasi aqvT.

didi awon-dawonvis Semdeg, gadavwyvite,

davswrebodi klass samsaxuris

Sovnis Sesaxeb. es klasi, albaT,

imitom avarCie, rom aqtualuri Temaa

da arc iseTi `caSi gatyorcnili~,

rogorc magaliTad _ `rogor

viyoT kreatiulebi~.

Cemi varaudi, rom xelmocaruli,

galoTebuli da depresiuli adamianebis

jgufi damxvdeboda klasSi, ar

gamarTlda. arada, vfiqrobdi, gakve-

Tilze sasowarkveTili adamianebi

movidodnen, romlebic ukanasknel 20

funts ixdidnen xelis kankaliT, im

imediT, rom Semdeg sasurvel samsaxurs

iSovnidnen.

vestibiulSi mSvidi da seriozuli

saxeebiT, daaxloebiT 30 wlis londonelebi

damxvdnen. zogi TavisTvis

ijda, yavas da namcxvars Seeqceoda

da eloda klasis dawyebas, zogs ukve

gaeba dialogi. kuTxeSi, ganmartoebiT,

30-iode wlis simpatiuri avstralieli

biWi idga.

_ ra gqvia?

_ stefani. Sen?

_ me, marika.

_ samsaxurs eZeb? _ mravalmniSvnelovnad

gavuRime.

_ raRac JurnalSi wavikiTxe, rom

aseTi skola gvqonia londonSi. mere

vebgverdi davaTvaliere da mivxvdi,

rom zustad im kiTxvebs wamoweven

am klasSi, romelTac xSirad vusvam

xolme sakuTar Tavs karierasTan

dakavSirebiT. ratomac ara-meTqi,

vifiqre. ai, vilaparakebT dRes Cven-


Cven Tavze da iqneb, es damexmaros pasuxebis

povnaSi.

Cveni maswavlebelic gamoCnda, mgoni

Cemxela, an sulac _ Cemze umcrosi;

maswavlebeli hugo, romelmac klasSi

Sesvlamde Camogviara yvelas, gagvecno

da mosvlis mizezebi gvkiTxa. mec

momiaxlovda. icis, rom Jurnalisti

var.

_ marika?

_ diax! (vuRimi)

_ kmayofili xar Seni samsaxuriT?

(miRimis).

_ ies, _ vpasuxob, _ Zalian miyvars

Cemi saqme, Tumca xandaxan bevrs vnerviulob,

anu zedmetad bevrs.

gamiRima da miTxra, rom dRes amazec

vilaparakebT.

saklaso oTaxis TeTr kedlebze

msxvili fanqrebiT yvelaferi is xatia,

rac saxlSi simyudroves qmnis:

wignebiT savse Taroebi, sakidze _

palto, gasaSrobad tansacmelmifenili

radiatori, fotoaparati, velosipedebi…

`ar arsebobs martivi da winaswar

SefuTuli pasuxebi, romlebsac

salxSi gagatanT da romelic sxvas

aravis aqvs~, _ gviTxra dasawyisSive

hugom da asec iyo. kiTxvaze _ rogor

vipovoT sasurveli samsaxuri, pasuxi

_ iloceT da mogecemaT _ ar yofila.

`cxovrebis skolaSi~ piriqiT, ki-

Txvebs aqeT gvisvamen, Tumca sul

sxva kuTxiT, ise rom Cven problemebs,

dilemebs sul sxva perspeqtividan

SevxedoT da kreatiul pasuxebamde

Tavad mivideT.

piradi warsuli, ojaxi da ganaTleba

_ es is sami aspeqtia, romelTac

yvelaze didi gavlena SeiZleba hqondes

samsaxuris povnisas, _ gveubneba

hugo da agrZelebs: `adamianebi xSirad

im saqmes irCeven, rasac maTi mSoblebi

akeTebdnen. xom ar gaiZules an

wagaxalises, rom es saqme agerCiaT?

ifiqreT ojaxis gavlenebze. ra gzebi

arsebobs, Tqveni azriT, rom am gavlenebisgan

Tavi daaRwioT da saer-

Todac, gindaT ki Tavis daRweva? rac

werili londonidan

Seexeba ganaTlebas, ra molodinebi

gqondaT da ra mimarTulebiT wavida

Tqveni ganaTleba? namdvilad Tqven

iRebdiT gadawyvetilebebs? axla

rom gqondeT arCevanis SesaZlebloba,

imaves airCevdiT?~ _ am kiTxvebis

dasmis Semdeg, cxovrebaSi pirvelad

davfiqrdi Cems personalur gavlenebze.

mivxvdi, rom bebiaCemi cota

metad Zlieri rom yofiliyo, axla

am statiis weris magivrad, an inglisuris

maswavlebeli viqnebodi, an

diplomati. albaT, imitomac msiamovnebs,

rasac vakeTeb, rom bebiis gavlenis

gareSe avirCie profesiebi da

niSnebic `Cawyobis~ gareSe miviRe.

pirvel kiTxvebs da pirvel fiqrebs

pirveli davaleba mosdevs. saku-

Tari gadawyvetilebebis da arCevanis

rukas vakeTebT _ unda movniSnoT

Cven-Cven rukebze is etapebi, roca

winaRobebi gadavlaxeT, an piriqiT _

davmarcxdiT. Semdeg, gverdiT mjdom

studentebs vuyvebiT sakuTar rukaze

moniSnuli biografiuli epizo


werili londonidan

debis Sesaxeb. Cem gverdiT mjdomi

jo furclebze Rrublebs xatavs da

isrebiT erTmaneTs ukavSirebs. zogi

burTebs xatavs da SigniT raRacebs

iniSnavs.

vlaparakobT fulze, faseulobebze,

miznebze, niWze. vakeTebT

Cven-Cven ierarqiul kibes, romlis

safexurebzec mniSvnelobis mixedviT

vuCenT adgils TiToeul zemoT

CamoTvlil faqtors _ mgoni, bevri

Cvengani im dRes pirvelad ukirkitebs

sakuTar miznebsa da faseulobebs

da nomravs cxovrebiseul prioritetebs.

mesame etapi yvelaze sainteresoa

_ unda aRvweroT Cveni `mravlobi-

Ti meebi~, anu warmosaxvas bolomde

mivceT gasaqani da warmovidginoT

sakuTari Tavi sxvadasxvagvar ampluasa

da rolebSi _ rogori da rogori

viqnebodiT, erTi ki ara, erTdroulad

ramdenime `me~ rom gvqondes. fiqrs

ori kiTxva gviiolebs:

1. ra axal saqmeebs wamoiwyebdiT

axlad aRmoCenili `mesTvis~?

2. rogori adamiani gnebavT, rom

iyos Tqveni axali `me~?

da mere rCeva: `gaacnobiereT, ra

momxibvlelia `mravlobiTi mes~ idea.

daaRwieT Tavi Tqvens socialur zonebs;

gadauxvieT mTavari gzidan; kmara

fiqri _ imoqmedeT!~

vimoqmede da Sevqmeni xuTi axali

`me~ yvelafris gaTvaliswinebiT: vin

viqnebodi, sad vicxovrebdi; sad vimuSavebdi;

rogor sazogadoebaSi mesiamovneboda

drois gatareba.

da ai, me Cemi axali xuTi pirovnebiT:

marika _ mxatvari;

marika _ mwerali;

marika _ balerina;

marika _ socialuri muSaki;

marika _ programisti.

gakveTilidan erTi Tvis Semdeg,

gogonam, romelic CemTan erTad

eswreboda hugos klass, 25 wlis semma,

imeili momwera:

`praqtikuli savarjiSoebi Zalian

damexmara. pirvelad gamovkveTe is

faqtorebi, romelTac Cemze, Turme,

arnaxuli gavlena mouxdenia. Tundac

34 cxeli Sokoladi

is rad Rirda, menaxa, ramdeni gza

SemeZlo, amerCia cxovrebaSi; `paraleluri

interesebis~, `paraleluri

proeqtebis~ idea namdvilad Rirs

sacdelad. principSi, me ukve vcade

_ axla vcekvav (adre msgavs SeTavazebas

araviTar SemTxvevaSi ar mivi-

Rebdi), vwer statias erTi axalbeda

mediakompaniisTvis, romelic Cemma

megobarma gaxsna. mokled, erTi winadadebiT

SemiZlia, giTxra, ra daskvnamdec

mivedi: `sjobia, imoqmedo da

mere gansajo sakuTari namoqmedari,

vidre, mudmiv gansjaSi iyo da

gulxeldakrefili ijde~.

sems konkretuli molodini ar

`klasebi,

qadagebebi,

sadilebi~, _

amaze dgas

`cxovrebis skola~.

saganmanaTleblo

procesi imdenad

Tanamedroved

midis, rom rTulia,

maTSi religiuri

sawyisebi amoicno.

arada, es yvelaferi

alan de botonis

`usindiso

qurdobis~

Sedegia.

hqonda, roca `cxovrebis skolaSi~

mivida. arc ganaTlebis miRebas moeloda

da arc imas, rom uecrad idealur

samsaxurs ipovnida. ubralod,

gaxsnili gonebiT da erTi sruliad

realisturi surviliT movida _ saki-

Txze, romelzec didi xania, fiqrobs,

saxlSi dabrunebis mere gansxvavebuli

azri unda hqonoda. asec moxda.

rogorc vxvdebi, semi axla `mravlobiTi

me~-s principiT cxovrobs…

`cxovrebis skolaSi~ maswavleblebs

da spikerebs gadamwyveti roli aqvT,

amitom maT dakvirvebiT da sifrTxiliT

arCeven. imisTvis, rom am skolis

pedagogi gaxde, aucilebeli moTxovnaa,

dargis eqsperti iyo. ufro mniSvnelovania

_ xangrZlivi da mravalferovani

cxovrebiseuli gamocdileba

da unari, gesmodes sxva adamianebis

saWiroebebi. magaliTad, mwerali,

maswavlebeli da Jurnalisti, `sandei

Taimsis~ mier 100 saukeTeso blogers

Soris dasaxelebuli doqtori, mark

vernoni `cxovrebis skolaSi~ `siyvarulis

klass~ aswavlis studentebs.

is Teologiis specialistia, mravalmxrivi

interesebiT gamoirCeva da Tavis

publikaciebSi mudam utrialebs

kiTxvas _ rogor unda vicxovroT.

agvistoSi, magnumeli fotografi,

martin pari studentebs Zvel zRvispira

qalaq folqstouns `aRmoaCeninebs~

da samdRian fototreningebs

`cxovrebis skolis~ studentebs Tavis

sayvarel sastumroSi Cautarebs.

me, kreatiulobis maswavlebels

Sevxvdi, maikl atavars. sayurianma,

tilosCanTianma, Suaxnis, momxibvlelma

maiklma Sexvedra muzeumSi,

TeiT briTanSi daminiSna. Sexvedramde,

misi wigni `kreatiulobis 12 wesi~

wavikiTxe, amitom ufro kreatiulad

mivudeqi maikls. muzeumis baRSi didxans

visaubreT SemoqmedebiTobaze,

miambo Tavis gamocdilebaze, mkiTxa

Cemzec. `cxovrebis skolaSi~ maikli

erTi wlis win `gamoiZaxes~, roca

misi wigni `rogor viyo artisti~

waikiTxes. mas Semdeg, maikli iq kreatiulobis

or klass, erTs 3 saaTians

da meores ki _ erTdRians uZRveba.

is adamianebs aswavlis, rogor aRmoaCinon

sakuTar TavSi SemoqmedebiTi

niWi, maSin, roca tvini gadaRlilia,

TviTSefaseba _ nuli.

`kreatiuloba isaa, rac mocemul

dros, mocemul sivrceSi SeiZleba

dagemarTos. kreatiuloba ar mova

gamiznul dros, roca vTqvaT, saxlSi

waxval da kompiuters miujdebi. es

isaa, rac aq, am wuTas, klasSi dagemarTeba.

kreatiuloba talRasaviTaa

da Cems wignSic laparakia kreatiulobaze,

rogorc procesze da ara

rogorc produqtze~, _ miTxra mai-


klma da isic daamata, rom zogjer

studentebs or saaTSic ki amCnevs

cvlilebas midgomebsa da SexedulebebSi.

cxovrebiseuli gamowvevebis mimarT

kreatiuli midgoma am skolis

fundamentia. metic, Tanamedrove

moazrovneebi kreatiulobas miiCneven

CixSiSesuli ganaTlebis sistemis

mTavar `mkurnalad~. amitom maikl

atavaris mosazreba, rom adamiani

unda iyos artisti _ rom adamiani

artistulad (Tavisufalisa da kreatiulis

mniSvnelobiT) unda miudges

riskebsa da winaRobebs `cxovrebis

skolis~ koncefciaSi erTi erTze

jdeba.

`marto am skolaSi ki ara, yvelgan,

Tundac biznes seqtorSi, rom aswavlidnen

adamianebs imas, Tu rogor

gaxdnen artistebi; yvelas rom See-

Zlos, gamovides dadgenili CarCoebidan

da dReSi xuTi wuTiT mainc iqces

artistad, damijere, es uamrav bizne-

sorganizacias Zirfesvianad Secvlida~,

_ mimeorebs maikli da dasZens,

rom zustad msgavsi midgomis danergvas

isurvebda zogadad _ ganaTlebis

sistemaSi.

`klasebi, qadagebebi, sadilebi~, _

am sam instrumentze dgas `cxovrebis

skola~. TiToeuli mimarTulebiT

saganmanaTleblo procesi imdenad

Tanamedroved da kreatiulad midis,

rom rTulia, maTSi religiuri sawyisebi

amoicno. arada, es yvelaferi

alan de botonis `usindiso qurdobis~

Sedegia _ mociqulTa qadagebebis

gaziarebaze, gulis gadaxsnaze

dafuZnebuli sufrebis idea xom man

sxvadasxva religiebs mohpara da im

`xvrelebis~ amosavsebad gamoiyena,

romlebic aTeistur Tu sekularul

cxovrebas mravlad aqvs.

meoce saukunis bolosken cxovrebas

fsiqologebi gaswavlidnen _

pasuxismgeblobas Sens nacvlad Ti-

Tqos isini iRebdnen, Cven maTze mi-

werili londonidan

kreatiulobis pedagogi

maikl atavari

jaWvulebi vxvdebodiT da, mudmivad

dabneulebs, klasikuri ganaTlebis

sistemiT daRdasmulebs, verc ki

warmogvedgina, rogor Segvecvala

sakuTari cxovreba maT gareSe. `cxovrebis

skolaSi~ ki mivxvdi imas, rom

sakuTari Tavis fsiqologobas aswavlian

adamianebs. pasuxismgeblobis

tvirTad ki ara, upiratesobad aRqmas

aCveven.

`zustad asea,~ _ meTanxmeba maikli

_ `bevr sxvadasxva klass rom daeswro

`cxovrebis skolaSi~, resursebis

sakuTar, Sinagan `biblioTekas~

`aiSeneb~, romelic mxolod Senzea

morgebuli da romelsac yovelTvis

gamoiyeneb, roca gagiWirdeba. Tumca,

aq koleqtiuri gaziarebis ideac

momwons. gaiazreb imas, rom `cxovrebis

gzaze gadebuli martosuli mogzauri~

ar xar, rom SensaviT bevrs

Wirdeba nugeSi da daxmareba am samyaroSi.

es Zalian mniSvnelovani SegrZnebaa

Cven droSi~.

cxeli Sokoladi 35


istoria

reqtori

avtori maSo samadaSvili

foto: levan xerxeuliZe, sergi barisaSvili, gigi TevzaZis piradi arqivi

36 cxeli Sokoladi


istoria

cxeli Sokoladi 37


istoria

`salami, batono gigi! did xans vfiqrobdi,

momewera Tu ara, bolos mainc

gadavwyvite. vswavlob ilias universitetSi,

samarTlis fakultetze. Cemi

erT-erTi leqtori mudmivad agdebiT

laparakobs marTlmadideblobaze,

arada, me morwmune qristiani var da

amas pirad Seuracxyofad viReb. Tuki,

getyviT mis vinaobas, SeZlebT am problemis

gadaWras? Tu SemiZlia, me

TviTon vuTxra rame? didi madloba

winaswar, Tuki am werils waikiTxavT~.

`Tqven gaqvT erTi axali werili~, _

reqtori gigi TevzaZe Tavis uzarmazar

da mudmivad areul kabinetSi zis,

roca kompiuteris ekranze patara

fanjara inTeba.

pasuxs 15 wuTis Semdeg gzavnis: `ra

Tqma unda, SegiZliaT, uTxraT. mere

momwereT, ra Sedegi iqneba~, _ wers

reqtori student eTuna vaSakiZes.

eTuna vaSakiZe me var. eleqtronuli

fostis axali angariSi, gamogonili

saxeliTa da gvariT, mas Semdeg Sevqmeni,

rac erT-erTi Sexvedris dros gigi

TevzaZem miTxra, rom studentebis

imeilebs upasuxod arasdros tovebs.

reqtoris imeilis misamarTi iliaunis

vebgverdze vipove.

profesor gigi TevzaZis samuSao

oTaxi, yofili ucxo enebis institutis

SenobaSi, meore sarTulzea.

kabineti did biblioTekasac hgavs,

friadosani moswavlis oTaxsac da

Tavgadasavlebis moyvaruli mogzauris

kuTxesac. SesvlisTanave TvalSi

mogxvdebaT marcxena kuTxeSi mdgari,

grZeli magida, romelzec aTobiT damtverili

wigni da ucxouri universitetebis

sainformacio bukletebi

devs. wignebs Tvals vavleb: `alpur

mcenareTa ekologia~, `mcire omi,

romelmac msoflio SeZra~, tatiana

tolstaia _ `moTxrobebis krebuli~,

giga zedania _ `sekularizacia/konceptebi

da konteqsti~. TviTon Svidi

wignis avtoria _ `wera xom nevrozebisgan

gaTavisuflebis saukeTeso sa-

Sualebaa~. gamocemebs _ `ganjadoeba~,

`aq da yvelgan~ da `Zalauflebis simulacia~

_ 2010 wels misi bolo wigni

`ucnobi wignebis~ ortomeuli mohyva.

masSi, gigis mier gamogonil wignebze

38 cxeli Sokoladi

misive recenziebia gaerTianebuli.

erTi tomi qarTveli mkiTxvelisTvisaa,

meore _ ucxoeli. orive tomSi

recenziebic da wignebic erTmaneTs

hgavs, magram, amave dros, gansxvavdeba

erTmaneTisagan _ iseve rogorc,

gigis azriT, erTmaneTisagan gansxvavdeba

qarTveli da ucxoeli mkiTxveli.

ambobs, rom es `ucnobi wignebi~ snoburi

literaturaa, radgan ganaTlebulobisa

da kargi iumoris pretenzia

aqvs. `am wignebiT vambob, rom orive

maqvs, _ ambobs RimiliT, _ saerTod,

rTuli eniT vwer, rac Cems wignebs

elitisturs xdis. zustad vici, roca

Cemi wigni gamodis, sul aTi kaci ki-

Txulobs xolme, Semdeg ki auditoria

izrdeba. radgan wlebis mere ufro

saintereso eCvenebaT Cemi teqstebi,

ese igi, Rirebul sakiTxavs vwer~.

TviTon swrafi mkiTxvelia. `qindl-

Si~ asobiT wigni aqvs CatvirTuli. mis

biblioTekaSi mudam sWarbobs fentezi

_ am Janris literaturas ganaTlebuli

da kargi iumoris mqone adamianebi

wereno, mixsnis. reqtoris literaturuli

gemovneba universitetis

gamomcemlobasac emCneva, romelic

fentezis Janris literaturas xSirad

beWdavs. oriode wlis win, swored am

gamomcemlobam dastamba fentezis

amerikeli klasikosis, rojer zelaznis

`amberis qronikebis~ seriis xuTtomeuli.

sakuTari, sauniversiteto gamomcemlobis

daarseba gigi TevzaZis erTerTi

prioritetuli proeqtia, iseve

rogorc, literaturuli premiis daweseba

saukeTeso romanisTvis. meore

welia, ilias universiteti gamarjvebul

mwerals aTi aTas lars gadascems.

am msxvili saprizo fondis mqone

konkursis mizani literaturis ganvi-

Tarebaa. gigi iziarebs kritikas, rom

es premia ar gaxda biZgi xarisxiani

literaturis Sesaqmnelad, Tumca,

meubneba, rom orive wels gamorCeulad

kargi romani daajildoves _ aka

morCilaZis `mamluqi~ da zaza burWulaZis

`gasaberi angelozi~.

didi saweri magidis gverdiT, wignebiTa

da JurnalebiT mofenili sa-

TaTbiro magida da karadis Taroebia.

gigis magidaze ki ra da ramdeni devs,

Zneli gasarkvevia, radgan sakancelario

nivTebi, wignebi da patara qandakebebi

erTmaneTSia areuli.

magidis ukana mxares mTeli kedeli

gigis did gatacebas _ iaraRebs da

niRbebs ukavia _ afrikuli saTevzao

Subis, Jirafis fexis saxeluriani

brinjaos danis da kolumbiuri maCetes

gverdiT, 1887 wlis `berdenka~,

guruli yaCaRebis sayvareli SaSxana

hkidia. rogorc icis xolme, mxolod

naxevari saxiT iRimeba da meubneba _

`xedav? yvelaze mSvidobiani adamiani

var _ yvela iaraRi kedelze maqvs

Camokidebuli~. gigi TevzaZe yvelaze

sasacilo xumrobis, anda, zogadad,

yvelaze mniSvnelovani saTqmelis

drosac ki ar cvlis tons. Cveuli,

monotonuri, erTxazovani intonaciiT

gelaparakeba, magram es imas ar

niSnavs, rom Sengan saTanado reaqcias

ar elis. yovelTvis cdilobs, gaTvalos,

misi romeli naTqvami, rodis da

ra efeqts moaxdens mosaubreze. es

kontroli mas Tavisebur siamovnebas

aniWebs. Tumca misi yvelaze didi gataceba

mogzaurobaa.

SarSan, zafxulSi gigi TevzaZem

universitetis kuTvnili `toiotas~

vercxlisferi jipi TbilisSi datova

da, megobrebTan erTad, javaxeTis zeganis

gavliT, aWaraSi cxeniT wavida.

gzad sofel azavreTSi gaiares. manamde,

rac iqaurobis Sesaxeb icodnen,

iyo is, rom azavreTSi unikaluri arqiteqturis

eklesia idga. iq yofnisas

ki isic SeamCnies, rom azavreTs soflisTvis

uCveulo dagegmareba hqonda.

gauCndaT eWvi, rom iq winaT qalaqi

unda yofiliyo gaSenebuli. gigi TevzaZis

da misi megobrebis eqspediciis

Semdeg, sofeli arqeologebma gamoikvlies

da dadasturda, rom azavre-

Ti Cv.w.aR.-mde meore aTaswleulSi,

strategiul adgilze gaSenebuli cixe-qalaqi

yofila.

`mogzauroba SemecnebasaviTaa. Rrma

moxucebulic ki vivli da gamovikvlev.

gemze xom mainc SevZleb asvlas?

Tu ver viare, arc davwer~.

zafxulSi gigi TevzaZe eqspedicias

svaneTSi gegmavs. Tavisi Teoria aqvs


svanur koSkebze, romlis damtkicebac

unda: `mgonia, rom koSkebi dagegmilad,

ori saukunis monakveTSi,

CrdiloeT kavkasiidan gadmosuli

mtrisgan Tavdasacavadaa aSenebuli.

qarTuli Cinuri kedelia~.

ilias universitetis gazrdili biujetis

didi nawili kvlevebze ixarjeba.

am wuTas 46 kvleviTi proeqti

mimdinareobs. WiaTuraSi, paleo-arqeologebi

profesor nika TuSabramiSvilis

xelmZRvanelobiT, pirvelyofili

adamianis sadgomebs _ mRvimeebs

ikvleven. sainJinro fakultetis da

ekologiis institutis profesorebi

da studentebi ki Savi zRvis gamosakvlevad

emzadebian. sakvlevi gemi, romelic

universitets ekuTvnis, TiTqmis

mzadaa.


reqtori samuSao dRes 9 saaTze

iwyebs. 12 saaTisTvis mobilur telefonSi

CaniSnuli Sexvedrebidan

ramdenime ukve moleuli aqvs. Cemamde,

misi oTaxidan studentebi gadian,

romlebmac reqtors uambes, rom

erT-erTi sagnis pedagogi leqciis

dros seqsualur umciresobebs Seuracxmyofelad

moixseniebs; rom is

homofobia da studentebi amas ver

itanen. roca gigi TevzaZe amis Sesaxeb

miyveba, vatyob, siamovnebs, studentebi

homofobiam rom aaRelva; magram

Tan meubneba, es marto ors ki ar unda

SeemCnia, 15-ives unda gaeprotestebina,

maSin imasac SeZlebdnen, leqtori

universitetidan daeTxovaTo, an sul

mcire _ gamoecvalaT mainc.

gigi TevzaZes rom hkiTxoT, getyviT,

rom misi universiteti kvlevaze,

kritikul azrovnebaze da gamoxatvis

Tavisuflebaze dgas. amis Sesaxeb

momaval studentebs universitetSi

misvlisTanave eubnebian. Tumca, ideologizirebuli

skolidan misulebs

xSirad am terminebis mniSvnelobac

ki ar esmiT, miT umetes, ver xvdebian,

rogor unda daicvan Tavisi interesebi

yoveldRiur saswavlo procesSi.

amitom, ilias universitetis daarsebidan

meeqvse welsac ki, studentebze

ukeT xSirad isev reqtorma icis, ras

izamda maT adgilas rom yofiliyo da

saswavlo procesSi rame ar moswoneboda.

`ra da, jer unda ikiTxo, gaerkve

sakiTxSi. Tu pasuxi ar dagakmayofilebs,

saCivari dawero, Tu esec ar

gaWris, aqcia moawyo. ganaTleba servisia,

romelSic studentebi fuls

ixdian da ufleba aqvT, moiTxovon~, _

ambobs gigi studentebis pasiurobaze.

imisTvis, rom universitetma Tavisufali

saazrovno sivrce Seqmnas,

kritikuli diskursi da tabudadebuli

Temebis axleburad danaxvis

aucilebloba unda waaxalisos, raTa

ramdenime wlis Semdeg, marto erT-

`sokrates mere,

aseTi komplimenti

aravis Rirsebia~, _

meubneba gigi. roca

vekiTxebi, Teodore

gignaZis mowvevaze

daTanxmeba iyo Tu

ara gaunaTlebeli

da qsenofobi

marTlmadidebeli

mRvdlebis

dacinvis mcdeloba,

mpasuxobs: `ra

Tqma unda!~

ma studentma ki ara, umravlesobam

dasvas kiTxvebi, romlebic sxva dros

azradac ar mouvidoda. magaliTad:

aris Tu ara istoriis personaJi, Su-

Saniki, upirobod varsqenis msxverpli,

ise, rogorc amas skolaSi gvaswavlian?

anda: rogor unda moviqce,

Tuki ar momwons leqtori, da ra SemiZlia,

gavakeTo sakuTari uflebebis

dasacavad? dRes ki, gigis gaangariSebiT,

ase mxolod studentebis 20 procenti

azrovnebs.


daaxloebiT erTi wlis win ilias

saxelmwifo universitetis TviTmmar-

istoria

Tvelobam reqtors mimarTa TxovniT,

universitetSi leqciebis Casatareblad,

sasuliero pirebi miewviaT.

leqciebis Catarebis ufleba miiRes,

oRond arasaswavlo dRes, saRamos saaTebSi.

TviTmmarTvelobam, erTwliani

Zebnis Semdeg, mowveul leqtorad mRvdeli

Teodore gignaZe SearCia. am ar-

Cevans mwvave kritika mohyva. Teodore

gignaZe sazogadoebis liberaluri

frTisTvis homofobisa da qsenofobis

gansaxierebaa, TviTon universitetis

profesorebis nawilsac ki miaCnda,

rom gigi TevzaZes mama TeodoresTan

Sexvedris mowyoba ar unda daeSva.

TviTmmarTvelobis xelmZRvanelebma

yvelaferi gaakeTes, rom Sexvedra

ar CaSliliyo. 2500 studentis xelmowera

Seagroves da reqtoratSi waradgines.

`2500 adamiani Cveni studentebis

25 procentia~ _ iTvlis gigi da

meubneba, rom es sakmarisi argumentia

Sexvedris gasamarTad; universitetSi

mTavari gamoxatvis Tavisuflebaa da

ara sxvadasxva gamonaTqvamebis cenzura.

rodesac mama Teodore universitetSi

mivida da iq momxreebiT da

mowinaaRmdegeebiT gadaWedili auditoria

daxvda, gareT ki axalgazrdebi

_ performansiTa da fleSmobiT,

gigi TevzaZe mivlinebaSi iyo. Tumca,

stokholmisken gzaze, stambulis aeroportSive,

ukve icoda Sexvedris

detalebi. is TbilisSi arc maSin iyo,

roca ori wlis win, iliauniSi kidev

ufro xmauriani ram moxda _ erekle

deisaZis wignis prezentaciidan ramdenime

dReSi, marTlmadidebel mSobel-

Ta kavSiris wevrebma universitetTan

aqcia moawyves da `satanisti~, `masoni~

reqtoris gadadgoma moiTxoves, romelic

`bavSvebs ryvnis~.

`sokrates mere, aseTi komplimenti

aravis Rirsebia~, _ meubneba gigi da

isev ise, naxevari saxiT iRimeba. roca

vekiTxebi, Teodore gignaZis mowvevaze

daTanxmeba iyo Tu ara gaunaTlebeli

da qsenofobi marTlmadidebeli

mRvdlebis dacinvis mcdeloba, mpasuxobs:

`ra Tqma unda!~

gigi TevzaZe msgavs situaciebs,

TiTqos, ganzrax iwvevs. rogori ga-

cxeli Sokoladi 39


istoria

mWvirvale da ariTmetikulad dasabuTebulic

ar unda iyos reqtoris

gadawyvetileba, mis ukan mudam situaciebiT

manipulirebis gaTvla imaleba.

gignaZis mowvevac studentebSi dafaruli

vnebebis gaSiSvlebis provocireba

iyo.

reqtori fiqrobs, rom am studentur

organizaciaSi gaerTianebuli

zogierTi axalgazrda TviTmmarTvelobas

politikuri karierisTvis

tramplinad iyenebs. strategiac politikosebis

msgavsi aqvT: mRvdeli

Teodore gignaZis mowveviT, umravlesobis

faseulobebze TamaSoben da

maTi mxardaWeris mopovebas cdiloben.

`Cveni problema isaa, studentebs

gignaZis miRma azrovneba rom ver

vaswavleT, Torem universitetSi yvela

adamianis SemoSveba SeiZleba, vinc

sazogadoebas Zaladobisken Riad ar

mouwodebs, _ askvnis gigi bolos, _

es Sexvedra ki saintereso gamodga _

erTi mxarec movida da meorec. darbazi

ise ar gaivseboda, aseTi `liberaluri~

aurzauri rom ar amtydariyo~.

aTi wlis win gigi TevzaZe aRmosavluri

sabrZolo xelovnebiT, aikidoTi

dainteresda. Seiswavla misi

filosofia, brZolis elementebi da

axla pirvel profesiul safexurzea

_ `pirvel danas~ flobs. aikidos

mTavari arsi isaa, rom brZolisas

mowinaaRmdegis Semoteva minimaluri

ZalisxmeviT gaakontrolo. mebrZoli

Tavdamsxmelis moZraobis ritmsa

da ganzraxvas wamebSi swavlobs da

moxerxebul pozas da moments iWers

imisTvis, rom mtris agresia missave

sawinaaRmdegod gamoiyenos.

aikidos arsi raRaciT gigi TevzaZis

cxovrebiseul principebs waagavs.

zemo vakeSi

gigi TevzaZe meore welia, qalaqis

centridan moSorebiT, zemo vakeSi,

jafariZis viwro quCaze, orsarTulian

saxlSi cxovrobs. gigim Zveli saxli

daangria da axali daaproeqta: `es

Senoba erTi didi labirinTia, gare

da Sida kibeebi isea daproeqtebuli,

rom saxlis Semovla garedanac Sesa-

40 cxeli Sokoladi

Zlebeli iyos da Signidanac. yvela

oTaxi saerTo sivrceSi gadis, meore

sarTulze fanjrebi ki, karebicaa~.

TevzaZeebis saxli didia, naTeli,

wignebiT da mcenareebiT savse, SesasvlelSi

xis sakidi dgas, romelzec cxenosnobisTvis

saWiro atributebi hkidia:

sxvadasxva feris da moyvanilobis

aRvirebi, kovbois qudebi, mosasxamebi.

gigis SekveTiT, misi megobari, rati

eraZe axla erT gansakuTrebul unagirsac

amzadebs. Zveli depos teri-

mebrZoli

Tavdamsxmelis

moZraobis ritmsa

da ganzraxvas

wamebSi swavlobs

da moxerxebul

pozas da moments

iWers imisTvis,

rom mtris

agresia missave

sawinaaRmdegod

gamoiyenos.

aikidos arsi

raRaciT gigi

TevzaZis

cxovrebiseul

principebs

waagavs.

toriaze, mitovebul sawyobSi muSaobs.

unagiri Zveli qarTuli unagiris

ganaxlebuli varianti iqneba, axalbeda

cxenosnisTvis Zalian mosaxerxebeli

da cxovelsac rom ar daazianebs,

iseTi.

`ai, naxe maketi, metaloplastmasis

qafiT dafaruli faneria, axla samuxleebi

unda mivamagro da tyavi gadavakra,

ai, aseTi iqneba, _ mixsnis rati,

roca ramdenime dRis Semdeg sawyobSi

mivdivarT da plastmasis patara unagirs

maCvenebs, _ wesiT, moxerxebuli

unda iyos. gigi, wamodi, aba, cxenze

gamovcadoT~.

gaocebuli viyurebi da vfiqrob,

sad SeiZleba iyos aq cxeni?! vtrialdebi

da gigis vxedav, orfexa saxerxze

gadebul xis morze daumagrebia unagiri,

zed zis, fexebs bavSviviT iqnevs

da kmayofili uxsnis ratis, ra unda

Secvalos dizainSi.

miyveba, rom zustad ase, yoveldRiurad

amowmebda muSebs, romlebic

gigis dizainiT karadas amzadebdnen.

es karada TevzaZeebis saxlis SesasvlelSive,

sakidis gverdiT dgas. erTi

SexedviT, Cveulebrivi avejia, magram

misi orad gayofis Semdeg yru kedeli

iqmneba, romelic samkiTxvelo kuTxes

danarCeni oTaxebisgan gamohyofs.

meore sarTulze gigis Svilebis _

andros, nikas da aklis oTaxebia. erTerTi

saZineblis grZeli fanjridan

(romelsac karis funqciac aqvs) patara,

sazafxulo verandaze gadixar,

aqac mcenareebia da hamaki. sul bolo

sarTuli ki uzarmazari gaSlili verandaa,

saidanac mTeli Tbilisi mo-

Cans: `mTeli Tbilisi ki Cans, magram

es erTaderTi adgilia qalaqSi, saidanac

adamiani samebis sakaTedro taZars

ver xedavs. daproeqtebisas amaze ar

mifiqria, SemTxveviT moxda~, _ mixsnis

Cveuli orazrovani RimiliT.

samagierod, aqedan kavkasionis qedi

Cans, radgan maRalzea, Zalian grila

da megobrebis Sesakrebadac saukeTeso

adgilia. `Tu Cemi kargad gacnoba

ginda, 22-Si unda moxvide aq~, _ meubneba

gigi.

22 ivniss, gigis dabadebis dRes, saxlSi

didi mxiarulebaa, yvelgan saWmel-sasmeli

devs, verandaze ki gigis

sxvadasxva drois megobrebi, rogorc

TviTon ambobs _ bavSvobis megobrebi,

memgleebi, mecxenosneebi da meZaRleebi

_ iyrian Tavs da gvian Ramemde

mxiaruloben.

pirvel sarTulze, didi xis magidis

SuagulSi, msxvil naWrebad daWrili

yveli awyvia. rokfori, parmezani da

feta, gigis meuRlis, ninos gamomcxvari

namcxvari mimzidvelad gamoiyureba.

SigadaSig gigi SuaTana Svils, nikas

exmianeba, romelic iqve leptopTan

zis da skolisTvis CineTze prezentacias

amzadebs.


_ mama, CineTSi romeli xeebi xarobs?

_ ekiTxeba nika,

_ bevri, _ pasuxobs gigi da Camo-

Tvlas iwyebs, nika kmayofili saxiT

iniSnavs da weras agrZelebs.

gigis da ninos sami Svili hyavT: 15

wlis hokeisti da mokrive andro, eqspediciebis

moyvaruli 9 wlis nika da

nabolara, yvelaze mxiaruli 7 wlis

akli, romelic wels skolaSi midis.

saxlSi gigi iSviaTadaa da Svilebis-

Tvisac cota dros aqvs. `miuxedavad

imisa, rom viRacisTvis jer kidev patarebi

arian, vici, rom ukve damoukidebeli

adamianebi arian, ase rom, ara

mgonia, Zalian bevrs vaklebde~, _ ambobs

gigi.

roca Tavis bavSvobaze vekiTxebi,

xanmokle fiqris Semdeg meubneba: `me

iseTi ar viyavi, rogori Svilic Cems

mSoblebs undodaT: mecnieri, romelic

mTel dReebs saxlSi, wignebSi

TavCarguli gaatarebda. aseTi, ufro,

Cemi Zma iyo. mere gela sazRvargareT

wavida saswavlad da samuSaod da 20

welze met xans aRar Camosula, faqtobrivad,

mTeli cxovreba cal-calke

gavatareT. axla TelavSi cxovrobs,

Tumca didi xania, ar minaxavs.

Rrma bavSvobidan Zalian ganvsxvavdebodiT

erTmaneTisgan, gansxvavebuli

xasiaTi da interesebi gvqonda. me

mTa da cxovelebi miyvarda, sul gareT

mindoda. amitom CemiT, rogorc

kargi SviliT, Cemebma siamaye sakmaod

gvian daiwyes _ reqtori rom gavxdi,

maSin~, _ eRimeba gigis.

gigi TevzaZe ukve eqvsi welia, ilias

universitetis reqtoria. saswavlebels,

romelic daarsebis pirvel weliwads

4-6 milion lars gankargavda,

axla 30-milioniani biujeti aqvs. mis

SemadgenlobaSi Sedis ramdenime kvleviTi

instituti da centri: abasTumnis

observatoria, seismuri monitoringis

centri TbilisSi, yazbegis maRali

mTis ekologiis instituti, sazRvao

kvlevebis centri grigoleTSi, dedofliswyaroSi

kvleviTi centris mSenebloba

ki axla mimdinareobs.

kvleviTi institutebis SeerTebis

procesi rTulad wavida. gansakuTrebuli

xmauri mohyva abasTumnis observatoriis

SeerTebas. aTwleulebis

ganmavlobaSi iqauroba xom gancalkevebul

sakvlev bazad Camoyalibda.

mecnierebi yanobilis mTaze ojaxebiT

cxovrobdnen da muSaobdnen. `ambobd-

istoria

gigi TevzaZe da misi pirveli mglebi:

`lobo~, `xeSke~ da `virTxa~, lelobi 1990

nen, rom davRupavdiT observatorias,

arada, naxevar milionamde lariT vafinansebT,

sastumroc gavakeTeT samecniero

konferenciebisTvis, magram

konferenciebi iq ver tardeba. Soria.

TviTon ki, ar arian mondomebulebi.

universitetTan erTianobis aRqma

ar aqvT. magaliTad, astrofizikosi

gia javaxiSvili ilias universitetis

profesorobas da Tavisi, rogorc

mkvlevris saqmianobas abasTumanSi

jer kidev erTmaneTisgan mijnavs, sinamdvileSi

ki swored imitom kiTxulobs

leqciebs CvenTan, rom kargi

profesoria da garda amisa _ abasTumnis

observatoria ilias universitetis

SemadgenlobaSi Sedis. Tumca axla

mgonia, rom Secdoma iyo observatoriis

SemoerTeba, ar vici, ramdenad

SegviZlia misi movla~, _ ambobs gigi

da kiTxvas, romelic me unda damesva,

TviTon svams: `arc imaSi var darwmunebuli,

unda hqondes Tu ara aseTi

didi qoneba universitets. rom mcodnoda,

saxelmwifo ar gazrdida dafinansebas,

albaT, uars vityodi. Zalian

didi teritoria da Zalian moZvelebuli

kvleviTi infrastruqturaa.

dafinanseba ki _ mxolod arsebuli

cxeli Sokoladi 41


istoria

viTarebis SenarCunebas da infrastruqturis

gansaviTareblad gaweul

mcire danaxarjebs hyofnis. garda amisa,

abasTumnis observatoriis sakmao

nawili _ mxolod istoriuli mniSvnelobisaa.

universiteti ki namdvilad

ar unda xarjavdes fuls istoriuli

Zeglebis Senaxvaze~.

ilias universitets xSirad akritikeben

imis gamoc, rom Tsu-s xarjze

Seiqmna, gigi ki ambobs, rom Tsu-dan

yvelani _ giga zedania, gia nodia, sergo

ratiani, TviTon da sxvebi _ 2000

wels imitom wamovidnen, rom saswavlo

procesze veRar axdendnen gavlenas

da leqciebis Catarebac ki ar exalisebodaT.

jer ilia WavWavaZis saxelobis

enisa da kulturis saxelmwifo

universitetis filosofiis da sociologiis

fakulteti Camoayalibes,

Semdeg ki, ori saxelmwifo institutis

bazaze, didi universiteti Seiqmna,

romelic samarTavad gigi TevzaZes

gadaeca.

vekiTxebi _ visgan miiReT SeTavazeba

reqtoris Tanamdebobaze?

`SeTavazeba ar mimiRia, gadawyvetileba

miviRe~, _ TviTonac kargad

icis, rom pasuxiT mabnevs. Cems reaqcias

akvirdeba da mciredi pauzis

Semdeg agrZelebs: `maSin ganaTlebis

saministroSi vmuSaobdi, ucxo eneb-

Sic vkiTxulobdi leqciebs. vfiqrobdi,

rom Tu pedagogiuri da ucxo

enebis institutebi gaerTiandeboda,

principSi, SeiZleboda kargi universiteti

gamosuliyo. miznad davisaxe,

rom is, rasac yvela skeptikurad uyurebda,

me gamekeTebina. hoda, SevTavaze

mTavrobas gaerTianebuli universitetis

gakeTeba. aravin Careula.

maSin me erTaderTi viyavi, romelsac

hqonda xedva, imitom ki ara, rom gansakuTrebuli

unarebi maqvs, ubralod,

sxvas aravis ucdia msgavsi ram eswavla,

sxvam aravin icoda, ras niSnavda

Tanamedrove umaRlesi ganaTleba~.

gigi TevzaZe fiqrobs, rom zustad

es iyo xelisuflebis mxridan upirobo

ndobis mopovebis mizezi da ara

is, rom momavali reqtori, garkveulwilad,

axali xelisuflebis ideuri

sayrdeni gaxda.

42 cxeli Sokoladi

`yvela cocxali arseba genetikurad

erTsa da imave dros altruisticaa

da egoistic _ es ar aris metafora _

mecnieruladaa dasabuTebuli, ubralod,

gaaCnia, riskenaa es altruizmi

mimarTuli. im dros axali politikuri

Zalebisa da Cemi interesebi Zalian

daemTxva erTmaneTs. cota paTetikurad

ki JRers, magram asea, Tuki qveynisa

da Seni piradi interesi emTxveva,

zogierT gverdiT movlenaze Tvalis

daxuWva giwevs~, _ am saerTo interes-

Si gigi TevzaZe ganaTlebis reformas

gulisxmobs. im grandiozuli cvlilebebis

erT-erTi mTavari iniciatori,

romelic saganmanaTleblo sferos

`iseTi ar viyavi,

rogori Svilic

Cems mSoblebs

undodaT:

mecnieri, romelic

mTel dReebs

saxlSi, wignebSi

TavCarguli

gaatarebda.

CemiT, rogorc

kargi SviliT,

siamaye sakmaod

gvian daiwyes _

reqtori rom

gavxdi, maSin~.

scdeboda da adamianebisgan mentalur

transformacias iTxovda, swored gigi

TevzaZe iyo. is imxanad ganaTlebis saministros

proeqtis _ `ilia WavWavaZe~

_ direqtori iyo, romelsac msoflio

banki 25 milioni dolariT afinansebda

da skolebis restruqturizaciasa

da gamocdebis sistemis reformirebas

iTvaliswinebda. umTavresi mizani korufciis

mospoba iyo.

gigi meubneba, rom dRemde pasuxs

agebs maSin gadadgmul yvela nabijze,

Tumca amatebs, rom rogor ganviTardeboda

es sistema, Tavidanve Canda _

is nel-nela `gafuWda~:

`sistema, romlis yvelaze didi Rirsebac

sayovelTaooba iyo, elitisturi

gaxda. abiturientebi dafinansebas

oTx savaldebulo saganSi dagrovili

qulebis mixedviT iReben, ase ki mdidari

ojaxis Svilebs privilegia uCndebaT,

radgan maT aqvT saSualeba yvela

saganSi repetitorTan moemzadon da

warmatebiT Caabaron sasurvel universitetSi.

Tavdapirvelad gamocdebis

SemoRebis erT-erTi umTavresi mizani

repetitorebis ricxvis Semcireba

da skolis rolis gaZliereba iyo, magram

faqtia, am cvlilebis miRebidan

8 wlis Semdegac abiturientebis didi

nawili im adamianebTan emzadeba, vinc

gamocdaze maT naSromebs asworebs,

ase, ra Tqma unda, pirdapiri `mfarveloba~

ver xdeba, magram gamsworebelrepetitors

SeuZlia, Tavis moswavles

aswavlos, rogor daweros sagamocdo

davaleba ise, rom maRali qula mii-

Ros, ai, mdidari adamianis kidev erTi

damatebiTi privilegia~.


gigi TevzaZe iSviaTad naxulobs

mSoblebsac. mamasTan TiTqmis ar

saubrobs, Tumca saerTo is aqvT, rom

orive wers wignebs, magram amas calcalke,

TavisTvis akeTeben. rogorc

gigis bavSvobis megobari ana korZaiasamadaSvili

meubneba, saxelovani mecnieri

mamis gamo gigis xSirad wamoaZaxebdnen

xolme, rom mama `qaCavda~ da

rom disertaciac man dauwera.

am wlebidan saukeTesod gorSi gazeT

`erTobaSi~ muSaobis periodi

axsendeba. 19 wlis iyo, rodesac `er-

Tobis~ redaqtori gaxda da Tbilisis

omis dros goreli biznesmenebis

mier gazeTisTvis Sewiruli fuliT

mglebi SimSiliT sikvdils gadaar-

Cina. erTxel, ipodromze misulma,

zurab gurieliZe gaicno, is, iason

badriZesTan erTad, zooparkSi mglebs

uvlida. gigic mglebs nel-nela

`daumegobrda~, galiaSic Sevida, is ki

ara, sul male mglebi saxlSi waiyvana,

Tumca _ iason badriZis saxlSi. im

periodSi gigi sakuTar saxlSi cota

dros atarebda, an megobrebis droebiT

dacarielebul saxlebSi cxovro-


da, an eqspediciebSi iyo. pirvelad 6

mgeli gazarda, rogorc bavSvebs, yovel

sam saaTSi erTxel aWmevda. maSin

saxelmwifo mizanmimarTulad anadgurebda

mglebs, gigi da misi megobrebi

sasikvdilod ganwirul lekvebs viTom

`cdebisTvis~ yidulobdnen, sinamdvileSi

ki amravlebdnen. `lobo~, `xeSke~

da `virTxa~ gigis pirveli mglebi iyvnen,

romlebic TrialeTis qedze gauSves.

gaSveba iZulebiTi iyo _ mglebis

saWmeli aRar hqondaT. gigis da zuras

mglebi gamorCeulad `Wkvianurad~

moqmedebdnen, jer ZaRlebs iCvevdnen,

Semdeg ki Sinaur cxovelebs itacebdnen.

albaT, maSin Tu gauCnda gigis

pirveli kritikosebi.


vidre erT-erT oTxSabaTs, ilias

universitetSi `uaxlesi qarTuli literaturis

kritikis~ leqcia daiwyeba,

auditoriaSi Sekrebil studentebs

vxvdebi. mainteresebs, ras fiqroben

reqtorze, ra ar moswonT universitetSi.

Cemda gasakvirad, bevrs da

Riad melaparakebian, zogi aRSfoTebulia,

zogi _ imedgacruebuli, zogi

_ kmayofili.

videoleqciebi, ilias universitetis

erT-erTi novacia, mwvave kritikis

sagania. studentebi amboben, rom

videoleqciis SemTxvevaSi, masalis

axsnisas leqtors kiTxvas ver usvamen,

maT nawils saxlSi ar aqvs kompiuteri,

anda _ wvdoma internetze. mimtkiceben,

rom Tu maT universiteti aseTi

formiT swavlas avaldebulebs, Sesabamisi

pirobebic unda Seuqmnas.

kritikis Temaa universitetis Sida

saZiebo sistema `argusi~. studentebma

ar ician, visi inicirebulia es

sistema, magram roca veubnebi, rom

maT sistemas analogi ar aqvs, `aseT

saocrebas analogi rogor eqnebao~, _

mpasuxoben.

ZiriTadi pretenzia sistemaSi rTuli

navigacia da arasaWiro sagnebis simravlea.

leqtorebi, saqmis gaiolebis

mizniT, erTi da imave sagnis saxels da

silabuss cotaTi cvlian, studentebi

ki arasaWiro sagnebs irCeven, Semdeg

es sagnebi ar eTvlebaT da damatebiTi

sagnebis aReba, zogjer ki, damatebiT

fulis gadaxda uwevT.

`argusi~ (arCevanis gonivruli

uzrunvelyofis sistema) is proeqtia,

riTac gigi TevzaZe amayobs. is specialurad

ilias universitetis profesor-studentebisTvis

Seqmnili, Sida

eleqtronuli sistemaa, romlis saSualebiTac

studentebi irCeven sagnebs,

adgenen sakuTar saswavlo programas,

profesorebi ki silabusebs aqveyneben,

studentebs davalebebs ugzavnian,

mimdinare qulebs da gamocdebis

Sedegebs acnoben. `argusisadmi~ pro-

istoria

nino cincaZe, nika da akli TevzaZeebi, marti 2011

testis erT-erTi mizezi, gigis azriT,

am sistemaSi studentebis gauTviTcnobiereblobaa.

`rac Seexeba leqtorebis

`oinebs~, sistemaSi kontrols

gavamkacreb~, _ ambobs reqtori.

studentebi aseve meubnebian, rom

reqtorTan saubarze, misTvis werilis

gagzavnaze, arc fiqroben _ CvenTvis

reqtori miuwvdomeliao. erTi gogona

meubneba, erTxel administraciaSi

vTqvi, Tqven Tu ar mexmarebiT,

reqtorTan Seval-meTqi, maT ki Cemi

gadawyvetileba sasacilodac ar eyo-

To. amas roca vuyvebi, gigi TevzaZes

cxeli Sokoladi 43


istoria

saxe ecvleba (arada, emocia iSviaTad

etyoba xolme) da meubneba, rom masTan

misul students ukan aravin gaabrunebs,

misi imeilis misamarTi universitetis

vebgverdzea gamoqveynebuli da

Tuki vinme werils swers, yvelas Tvi-

Ton pasuxobs, radgan am misamarTze

xeli sxvas aravis miuwvdeba.

reqtorisa da studentebis argumentebis

am `ping-pongSi~ miWirs, gavarkvio,

raSi scodavs universitetis

administracia da ra aris studentebis

pasiurobis, anda maTi ararealisturi

molodinebis brali. gigi TevzaZes

vekiTxebi: iqneb studentebis

arainformirebulobaa Tqven mier Seqmnili

sistemis yvelaze didi nakli?

`am xarvezs vxedav, _ mpasuxobs, _

is adamianebi, visac evalebaT studentebisTvis

informaciis miwodeba,

xSirad araTaviazanad eqcevian maT da

magaliTad, kreditebs (riTac studentebi

TavianT saswavlo process gegmaven)

arsebuli wesebis mixedviT ki ar

uTvlian, aramed sakuTari SexedulebebiT~.

universitetis problemebze saubrisas

reqtors toni gansakuTrebulad

oficialuri da mkacri uxdeba. sxva situaciebSic

seriozulia. misi megobrebisgan

vici, rom sasmelic Znelad ekideba.

erT-erT saRamos, masTan saxlSi

mivdivar. Tavdapirvelad isev iseTi

oficialuria, rogorc interviuebisas,

magram ramdenime Wiqis Semdeg sasmeli

ekideba, xalisianad laparakobs

da anekdotebsac hyveba. wamosvlis win

ezos maCvenebs da meubneba: `roca gavmdidrebi,

ukana saxlic unda viyido,

Cems mets mainc aravis unda, Cveni ezo

ki Zalian pataraa~. roca vekiTxebi,

riT apirebs gamdidrebas, mxrebis aCe-

CviT mpasuxobs _ `ramiT~.

ori wlis Semdeg, roca reqtorobidan

wava, surs, rom ilias universiteti

kerZo saswavlebeli gaxdes.

vekiTxebi: am SemTxvevaSi universitets

ganviTarebis meti Sansi eqneba?

_ ra Tqma unda, ase bevri problemis

gadaWra gaadvildeba, ai, Tundac

Sesyidvebi. roca saxelmwifo universitets

marTav, mTavrobis mier dawesebuli

regulaciebiT muSaob. mesmis,

44 cxeli Sokoladi

rom saxelmwifo ver miscems Tavs

uflebas, rom konkretul organizacias

misces SeuzRudavi marTvis SesaZlebloba.

es ki damoukideblobas

Zalian zRudavs.

gigi ambobs, rom reqtoris postidan

wasvlis Semdeg, universitetSi

mainc darCeba _ `darwmunebuli var,

privilegirebuli TanamSromeli viqnebi,

meti dro meqneba interdisciplinaruli

kvlevebisTvis da mogzaurobisTvis~.

lisis tba/cxenosnoba

ilias universitetma sacxenosno

centr `raidmedTan~, romlis TavlaSic

axla 9 cxeni cxovrobs, sul axlaxan

marTvis xelSekruleba gaaforma. re-

ori wlis Semdeg,

roca reqtorobidan

wava, surs, rom

ilias universiteti

kerZo saswavlebeli

gaxdes.

vekiTxebi: am

SemTxvevaSi

universitets

ganviTarebis

meti Sansi

eqneba?

_ ra Tqma unda.

qtoris gadawyvetilebiT, lisis tbas-

Tan axlos mdebare centrSi Tuki studentebi

cxenebs mouvlian, sacxenosno

TerapiiT bavSvebis mkurnalobaSi monawileobas

miiReben, cxenze jdomas

iswavlian da sakuTar Tavs qarTul

tradiciul sportul saxeobebSi gamocdian,

eqvs saswavlo kredits miiReben,

zustad imdenives, ramdensac maT

nebismieri rTuli sagani _ samarTlis

istoria an biologia hmatebs.

reqtoris studentebTan Sexvedra

iqvea daniSnuli, Tumca vidre gigi maT

am wamowyebaze daelaparakeba, sadgomebTan

midis da cxenebs saTiTaod

esalmeba. `marina~ yavisferi faSatia,

Sublze TeTri laqa da didi, lurji

Tvalebi aqvs. rigSi `zina~, `lurja~,

`maamo~ da sxvebi dganan. sul male gigis

garSemo 50-mde studenti wres kravs,

gigi maT mondomebiT uxsnis Tavis

mizans: cxenze jdoma janmrTelobaa,

saerTod, cxovelebTan urTierTobas

Terapiuli gavlena aqvs da es wamowyeba

ara marto cerebraluri damblis

mqone, aramed, daunis da autizmis

sindromis mqone bavSvebsac daexmareba.

gigis nacnobi, romelic ZaRlebiT

Terapiaze muSaobs, Seeswro, rogor

uyveboda atirebuli daunis sindromis

mqone bavSvi Tavis enaze, Tavis gasaWirs

ZaRls, is ki aSkarad usmenda

da SigadaSig cremlebs ulokavda…


2013 wels gigi TevzaZes reqtorobis

meore vada ewureba. miaCnia, rom

risi gakeTebac saxelmwifo universitetSi

SeiZleboda, ukve gaakeTa.

meubneba, rom pirvel xanebSi universiteti

Zalian swrafad viTardeboda,

Tumca bolo dros ganviTarebis tempma

mkveTrad iklo. dRes universiteti

zRvarzea da struqtura Tu ar gadaxalisda,

ganviTarebas Sewyvets. `es

garedan ar Cans, magram roca gamoCndeba,

ukve gvian iqneba~, _ ambobs gigi.

reqtori kompiuterTan zis, uxmod

muSaobs, drodadro oTaxis boloSi

mdgar magidasTan midis, romelic misi

dizainiT daamzades. xis maRal magidaSi

ramdenime vertikaluri ujraa.

ujrebSi Cai, yava da finjnebi inaxeba,

ujrebis Tavsaxuri magidis zedapiria.

magidaze ki eleqtroCaidnebi da Rvinis

boTli dgas.

gigi finjans Savi yaviT ivsebs da

im skams maCvenebs, romelzec wlebis

manZilze ijda. skams sazurge ar aqvs,

mTeli datvirTva muxlebze modis da

adamiani iZulebulia, mudmivad fxizlad

da welgamarTuli ijdes. aqamde

am skamze jdoma metaforulad universitetis

ganviTarebisTvis brZolas

hgavda, axla ki, roca Sedegi Ti-

Tqmis miRweulia, gigi TevzaZe tyavis,

Rrmad CaSvebul savarZelSi gadajda

da Tavs dasvenebis ufleba misca.


gigi TevzaZe da `marina~, sacxenosno centri `raidmedi~, maisi 2012

istoria

cxeli Sokoladi 45


artisti axlodan

vin aris nadia wulukiZe?

avtori nino lomaZe

pirveli Sexvedridan ori wlis

mere vxvdebiT, ukve interviusTvis.

Secvlilia. ufro gawonasworebuli,

dafiqrebuli Cans. misi xmama-

Rali, xandaxan kategoriuli tonic

damcxrali, Serbilebuli meCveneba.

„ho, TiTqos davalage raRacebi,

mixsnis, _ da mgoni zedmetic movindome.

bolos, xelSi carieli ki-

TxvebiRa SemrCa“.

nadia wulukiZe performer-artistia,

an rogorc TviTon ambobs:

Teatris „meikeri“, rac yvelaferi

SeiZleba iyos _ mocekvave, reJisori,

qoreografi, scenaristi _ `meikeria~

yvela, vinc performansis

SeqmnaSi monawileobs.

pirvelad rom SevxvdiT, Teatris

samagistro programaze, dazartis

skolaSi sadiplomo warmodgenaze

muSaobda. „mzad siyvarulisTvis,

identobis 7 fragmenti“ _ ase hqvia

mis solodadgmas, romliTac nadia

sakuTar Tavs ikvlevs. performansi

jer amsterdamSi, flamandiuri

kulturis centrSi aCvena. ivnis-

Si ki, TbilisSi mas meored warmoadgens

_ proeqtis farglebSi,

romelsac „karmeni _ gamoricxvis

mdgomareoba“ hqvia.

muSaobas rom iwyebda, grZnobda,

rom sruliad dakarguli iyo.

erTaderTi, risi Cvenebac SeeZlo,

aRmoCnda, rom Tavisi personaluri

istoriaa _ mexsiereba, romelTanac

TiTqos araferi hqonda saer-

To. gadawyvita, rom warsulis dabrunebis

saukeTeso gza yvelafris

gaxseneba da mTeli cxovrebis performansad

qceva iyo. 41-wuTiani

warmodgena misi mexsierebis Svidi

fragmentia, romelzec sakuTari

biografia Tavidan aago.

46 cxeli Sokoladi

2010 weli. flamandiuri kulturis

centri.

nacrisfer iatakze Sarvali da

maisuria dafenili. ukan, kedelze

videoproeqcia midis, romelzec

igive scena moCans, oRond _ carieli.

proeqciaze nadia kulisebidan

gamodis da Sarvals da maisurs

Zirs afens. ramdenime wamSi ukve

realur scenazec Cndeba da ambobs:

me mqvia nadia wulukiZe da viTama-

Seb nadia wulukiZes. amis Semdeg,

orive nadia erTdroulad iwyebs

Cacmas.

pirveli scena nacnobi da gacve-

Tili sabWoTa bavSvobidanaa. nadiaze

„saxaliso“ ambebs deda da bebia hyvebian

_ energiul da xalisian patara

gogoze, romelic ocnebobs, im “diadi

momavlis” nawilad iqces, skolaSi

da teleekranze rom uxataven.

misi sabWoTa bavSvoba ucxosTvis

Sablonia, koleqtiuri saxeebi ki,

misi ojaxis wevrebi arian. bebia _

moxuci qali represirebuli ojaxidan,

romelic tragediis gameorebis

SiSiT cxovrobs. deda _ axalgazrda

qali, romelic sistemasTan

dapirispirebas Svilis cnobierebaSi

avtoritetebis ganadgurebiT

cdilobs. da babua _ arxeini Tamada,

beds Seguebuli adamianis xati.

* * *

nadia quTaisSi daibada. sami wlis

iyo, dedasTan erTad, TbilisSi,

bebia-babuasTan rom gadavida sacxovreblad.

musikalur teqnikum-

Si swavlobda. violinoze ukravda

da axalgazrduli orkestris wevri

iyo.

dadiodnen fexiT _ wereTlidan

veris gavliT mTawmindaze da mere

ukan. yovelTvis ramdenime erTad,

rom gzaSi axalgazrda gogoebis-

Tvis instrumentebi aravis moepara.

iyvnen erTaderT gastrolze,

baTumSi. ucnauri sizmariviT axsovs

Zveli matareblis kupe, tualetis

suni da ramdenime wliT ufrosi

gvardielebis qeifi, „aba, erTi

saWidao dagvikariT“.

„…sabWoTa kavSiri daSlilia.

sistemis ekonomikuri, ideologiuri

nangrevebi. aravin swavlobs.

aravin aswavlis. erTaderTi, rac

SegiZlia gaakeTo, esaa dakavde seqsiT“.

[citata performansidan]

16 wlisaa. misi boifrendis ojaxi

Tanaxmaa, rom nadia rZlad miiRon.

arc dedaa winaaRmdegi. „ojaxi cxovrebis

gagrZelebis erTaderTi SesaZleblobaa.

es SeiZleba iyo Cemi

qorwinebis socialuri, kulturuli

mizezi. personaluri mizezebi

CemTvis jer isev bundovania… mezobeli

ambobs, rom gamimarTla. ar

aris advili ipovo qmari maSin, rodesac

aRar xar qaliSvili“, _ erTerT

scenaSi qorwinebis ambavs werilSi

kiTxulobs. werili Sirmaa,

romlis saSualebiTac am istorias-

Tan distancirebas cdilobs. personaluris

Zalian axlodan Cveneba

groteskad rom ar eqces.

mravalricxovani, Zlieri ojaxis

xati male engreva. unda airCios: an

egueba beds da agrZelebs cxovrebas

erTi roliT _ meojaxe dedis,

romlisTvisac mTavari prioriteti

im pirobebis Sesrulebaa, rac

qorwinebis ritualis dros dado,

an sakuTari momavlis saZieblad

midis.

germaniaSi TiTqos Tavidan swavlobs

siaruls, moZraobas. mogvia


artisti axlodan

cxeli Sokoladi 47

foto levan xerxeuliZe


artisti axlodan

nebiT, performansSi, im periods

ase ajamebs: „me ukve vici, rogor

gavxsna sabanko angariSi. rogor

vTqva uari. rogor avirCio. rogor

gadavwyvito. rogor movwio.

rogor vilaparako naklebi. rogor

Seviyvaro. rogor Semiyvardes

naklebad. rogor velaparako oficialur

pirebs, rom gamigrZelon

saswavlo viza~.

violinos Tavs anebebs da antrofosofiul

skolaSi evriTmiis

swavlas iwyebs. sityvebis da musikaluri

frazebis sxeuliT gamoxatvas

cdilobs.

mesame kursze xvdeba, rom es aris

sivrce, sadac yvela kiTxvaze ukve

arsebobs pasuxi, yvela ganmarteba

winaswaraa gansazRvruli. molodini,

rom skolaSi mTeli cekvis diskurss,

evriTmiis sxva cekvis tradiciebTan

mimarTebas iswavlis, ar marTldeba.

nadias da mis megobrebs yvelaze metad

Zveli gamocdilebis Tavidan gaazreba,

axali interpretaciis gzebi

ainteresebT. ikvleven, ra gamocdilebas

eyrdnobian skolaSi, ras uaryofen

da ratom.

„iq, isev, mxolod Staineri laparakobs.

araviTari daeWveba, aravi-

Tari kiTxvebi. maRizianebda aseTi

midgoma. Staineris mere skolebSi

araferi Secvlila. SeuZlebelia,

48 cxeli Sokoladi

momavlis nawilad iqce, rodesac

ganviTarebas ubralod Sewyvet. im

safuZvels, rac Stainerma Seqmna,

dRes ukve ganviTareba sWirdeba.

amaze sul vlaparakobdiT, vawyobdiT

diskusiebs da vcdilobdiT

pasuxebi CveniT gvepovna.

…evriTmiaSi dRemde uaryofen

seqsualobas. fizikuroba ugulebelyofilia.

mniSvnelovani mxolod

eTeruli da astraluri sivrcea.

Cven vambobdiT, rom Tu ginda

moZraoba Seqmna, unda aRiaro, rom

fizikuri sxeuli pirveli safexuria.

Cven gafarToeba sxeulidan

daviwyeT _ Signidan gareT, fizikuridan

eTeruli da astraluri

sivrcisken“.

skolisgan damoukideblad, kaselSi

alternatiuli studia Seqmnes,

radgan skolaSi eqsperimentis

daSveba SeuZlebeli iyo. moZraobas

sxva evriTmiis skolis studentebic

SeuerTdnen. moipoves dafinanseba

da kvleva ganagrZes. klasebisTvis

iwvevdnen profesorebs,

debatebs awyobdnen. male gairkva,

rom isini martoni ar iyvnen _ es

dapirispireba maT eqsperimentamdec

arsebobda. iyvnen evriTmistebi,

visac reformebi, siaxleebi ainteresebdaT,

da konservatorebi,

vinc yovelgvar siaxles ebrZoda.

„maSin pirvelad davfiqrdi imaze,

rom avtoritaruli sazogadoeba

mxolod warsulSi ar darCenila.

is yvelgan SeiZleba Segvxvdes. realobis

religiurobamde gazviadeba

progress aCerebs. davinaxe, rom

ganviTarebis mTavari Seferxeba

orTodoqsuli sazogadoebaa, vis-

Tvisac yvela, vinc sxvanairad fiqrobs,

saSiSroebas warmoadgens“.

28 wlis iyo, meored rom iqorwina.

alternatiuli evriTmiis festivalze

portugalieli biWi gaicno.

ramdenime TveSi swavlas amTavrebda

da germaniis saemigracio samsaxuri

qveynis datovebas sTxovda.

daqorwineba gadawyvites.

„biWis mamam gvirCia, davfiqrebuliyaviT.

ratom vqorwindebodiT:

siyvarulis gamo, Tu mizani Cemi

qveyanaSi datoveba iyo? vifiqreT

da gadavwyviteT, rom qorwinebis

namdvili motivi siyvaruli iyo“,

_ kiTxulobs werils ukve meore

konvertidan, romelsac „Marriage

II“ aweria.

`abortidan or dReSi, germania-

Si samuSaod wasvlamde sami dRiT

adre~, SabaTs, meored gaTxovda.

qmari SvedeTSi darCa. „erTxel,

xangrZlivi da dumiliani saubris

dros, man miTxra, rom aRar icoda,


atom momiyvana colad _ marTla

vuyvardi, Tu imitom, rom Sevebrale“.

erT TveSi, SvedeTis saelCoSi interviuze

daibares.

saemigracio samsaxuris TanamSromlebma

momavali gegmebis Sesaxeb

mSrali kiTxvebi dausves: sad

unda ecxovraT, rogor unda eSovnaT

fuli. hkiTxes warsulzec: sad

Sexvdnen, ramdeni xania, icnoben

erTmaneTs. „vcdilobdi, yvelaferze

gulwrfelad mepasuxa. bolos

Cveni erTad gadaRebuli fotoebic

davaTvalierebine. ar vici zustad,

ra moxda intervius dros, magram

saelCodan rom gamovedi, ukve gadawyvetili

mqonda, rom vSordebodiT

da me saqarTveloSi vbrundebodi“.

revoluciis weli iyo. wamosvlamde

erTi TviT adre Tavis menejmentis

maswavlebels miakiTxa da

daxmareba sTxova. Zalian dabneuli

da SeSinebuli iyo. verafriT xsnida,

ras niSnavda dabruneba, radgan

is yvela sivrceSi ucxo iyo. maswavlebelma

davaleba misca _ ewera

dRiuri. mxolod faqtebi, ra moxda

da rodis. sakuTari emociebis gamosaxatad

ki cariel gverdze rame

daexata. misi iracionaluri SiSis

mizezi is iyo, rom faqtebs da saku-

Tar interpretacias erTmaneTisgan

ver acalkevebda.

saqarTveloSi rom Camovida, mizani

ukve hqonda. eqsperimentuli

Teatris Seqmna undoda. Teatris-

Tvis sivrce, musikosebi, mxatvrebi,

mocekvaveebi da mTeli dasi

sWirdeboda. Tanamoazreebis Zebna

daiwyo. cota xanSi ki, holandiidan

axlad dabrunebul artists, sofo

tabataZes Sexvda. sofosTan erTad

„xinkali juice“ daaarsa da jgufis

saxeliT performansebze muSaoba

daiwyo. maTi namuSevrebis mizani

damkvidrebuli socialuri normebis,

Cvevebisa da tradiciebis groteskulobis

Cveneba iyo _ sufris

ritualebi, qalis roli, nacionalobis

eqstremaluri gamoxatuleba,

miTologizirebuli warsuli,

Zveli da axali avtoritetebi.

misi namuSevrebi im realobis

kritika iyo, romlis SeqmnaSic mas

monawileoba ar miuRia. es sxvebis

problemebi iyo manam, sanam TviTonac

im sivrcis nawilad ar iqceoda.

cvlilebebisTvis mxolod protesti

sakmarisi aRar iyo. moqmedebis-

Tvis meti gamocdileba sWirdeboda.

megobrebisgan gaigo, rom holandiaSi

arsebobs dazartis skola,

Teatris samagistro programa,

romlis mTavari idea moulodneli

artisti axlodan

aRmoCenebis, eqsperimentis atmosferos

Seqmnaa. es aris Teatris

laboratoria, sadac sxvadasxva

qveynidan Casuli performans-artistebi

swavloben.

2008 wels dazartSi sabuTebi gagzavna.

Caabara da wavida.

`dazartSi keTeba fiqrs niSnavs.

Cven erTnairebi ara varT, modiT,

gamovkveToT is, rac erTmaneTisgan

gangvasxvavebs~, _ barbara van

lindti, dazartis aRmasrulebeli

direqtori.

dazartSi ar arsebobs winaswar

gansazRvruli, klasikuri saswavlo

programa. yvela samagistro kursis

kurikulumi gansxvavebulia. programis

Sinaarss, ganrigs da intensivobas,

mowveul mentorebTan erTad,

skolis xelmZRvanelebi arCeven.

ra profesia eqneba kursis mentors,

mniSvneloba ar aqvs _ Teatris

`meikerebi~, sociologebi,

filosofosebi, fizikosebi, astrologebi,

bioartistebi _ nebismieri

SeiZleba mowveuli leqtori

iyos, visac originaluri kursis

momzadeba SeuZlia. mentori mTeli

aTi kviris dramaturgias agebs _

gegmavs saxelosnoebs, Sexvedrebs,

arCevs filmebs.

dazartis mTavari moTxovna _

gulwrfelobaa. sxvadasxva qveyni-

cxeli Sokoladi 49


artisti axlodan

dan Casul artistebs Soris distancia

unda waiSalos. erTmaneTis

Tvalwin sruliad „gaSiSvldnen“ da

sakuTari kulturuli, personaluri

gamocdileba aCvenon. dazarts

Tamami, individualisti da jiuti

adamianebi ainteresebs. studentebi

erTad cxovroben da ucxosTan

daaxloebas swavloben. RirebulebiTi

gansxvavebebi maT Soris konfliqtebs

amZafrebs. „iq davinaxeT

da gamovcadeT, rogor SeiZleba

konfliqtebi saintereso procesebad

aqcio“.

pirvel semestrSi holandiasa

da belgiaSi navebiT imogzaures

da pirveli msoflio omis istoriis

kvals misdies. mentori dirk

ferStoqti iyo, 1980-90-ian wlebSi

aqtivisti, romelic neoliberalur

politikas, klimatur cvlilebebs

akritikebs da umciresobis uflebebs

icavs. dirki dramaturgi da

reJisoria.

mogzaurobisas holandielis

identurobas, cxovrebis wesebs

swavlobdnen. arkvevdnen, ras niSnavs

aSenebul, xelovnur miwaze

cxovrobde. aTvalierebdnen arqiteqturas,

romelic sivrcis simwiris

gamo Zalian socialuri da

praqtikulia. uyurebdnen filmebs.

arCevdnen sistemebs da laparakobdnen

masebis kontrolis meqaniz-

50 cxeli Sokoladi

mebze. msoflio omebze, Tavisufal

bazrebze. akvirdebodnen, rogor

iqmneboda meoce saukunis Sua wlebidan

momxmareblis axali koncefcia.

ras niSnavs „Tanamonawileoba”

biznesSi da politikaSi. ramdenad

winaaRmdegobrivia es ori cneba.

Semdeg braziliel, utopist performans-artistTan

erTad muSaobdnen.

sakuTari poziciebis gamosaxvis

sxvadasxva meTods, formebs da

teqnikas swavlobdnen.

kursis „vin aris me?“ mizani iyo,

studentebis sakuTari SiSebisgan,

stereotipebisgan distancirebis

xerxebi eCvenebinaT.

vorkSopis dros jgufebad

dahyves. TiTo jgufSi samni iyvnen.

erT-erTi Tavis yvelaze mZime

travmaze hyveboda. meore kiTxvebs

usvamda. mesame Cumad ijda da ismenda.

savarjiSos bolos jgufis

yvelaze mdumare wevri „aRsarebis“

avtors gulwrfelobisTvis asaCuqrebda

da performanss uZRvnida.

„axlac tanSi Jruanteli mivlis,

rom maxsendeba. Zalian Tbili da

amaRelvebeli momentebi iyo“. Tu

pirvel blokSi inteleqtualuri

savarjiSoebi gvqonda, meoreSi

mxolod Cvens gancdebs, emociebs

vikvlevdiT. or TveSi urTierToba

absoluturad Segvecvala. erTmaneTis

mimarT ufro mgrZnobiaree-

bi, frTxilebi gavxdiT. komunikaciac

ufro intensiuri, Ria gaxda.

azrebis gamosaxatad naklebi sityvebi

gvWirdeboda. ukve sxeuliT

vlaparakobdiT“.

transhumanizmis, bioartis, astrologiis

da sxva kursebis Semdeg

sajaro da piradi sivrcis specifikas

da maT Soris arsebul [Tu

ararsebul] sazRvrebs ikvlevdnen.

xuTi dRis manZilze TiTo RamiT

ucxo adamianebis saxlebSi cxovrobdnen.

diliT skolaSi misamarTs da gasaRebs

urigebdnen. mkacri instruqcia

hqondaT: TavianTi „saidumlo

mogzaurobis“ Sesaxeb erTmaneTis-

Tvis araferi ar unda eambnaT. saxlebi

meordeboda da aravis unda

scodnoda sad moxvdeboda saRamos.

„yvelgan gansxvavebuli garemo

iyo. zogan erTi oTaxi daketili

gvxvdeboda, sadac savaraudod

saxlis patroni Zalian pirad da

Zvirfas nivTebs inaxavda. zogan

piriqiT _ yvelaferi Ria iyo. Tavidan

uxerxulobas vgrZnobdi. da

sisuleleebze vfiqrobdi: SeiZleba

Tu ara karada gamoaRo, rodesac

ici, rom aravin giTvalTvalebs?

waikiTxav viRacis bloknots, rodesac

ici, amas veravin verasdros

gaigebs? ras niSnavs Riaoba? ramdenad

Ria xar Sen TviTon? SegiZlia


sxvebis gaxsniloba daafaso, Tu piriqiT

_ sxvisi gulwrfeloba gTrgunavs?“

saxlidan wamosvlis win,

sakuTari fiqrebi dRiurSi unda

CaeweraT. saxlis patronisTvis ki,

rame, iqve, Tavisi gakeTebuli sa-

Cuqari daetovebinaT. es xan werili

iyo, xan rCeva, romelime filmi

enaxaT, an wigni ama da am gverdze

gadaefurclaT. ikeas esTetikiT

gawyobil, SemaSfoTeblad mowesrigebul

saxlSi, nadias gamafrTxilebeli

werili daxvda: „fexsacmeli

SemosasvlelSi datove!“ nadiam

sakuTari fexis anabeWdebi furcelze

Semoxaza da ucnob maspin-

Zels saCuqrad Tavisi steriluri

kvali dautova.

dazartis skola nadias biografiaSi

babilonis godolia, sadac

yvela erT enaze saubars swavlobs.

* * *

dRes ramdenime damoukidebel

proeqtze muSaobs. megobar

artistTan erTad agresias, mis

formebs da sxvadasxva gamovlinebebs

ikvlevs. „karmeni-gamoricxvis

mdgomareoba“ erTgvari

saxelosnoa, romelsac TbilisSi

Jurnalis gamosvlidan or kviraSi

gamarTavs.

yvelaze masStaburi proeqti ki

„me da stalinia~. romlis repeti-

ciebic amsterdamis erT, dasaxurad

ganwirul, TeatrSi midis. misi

dramaturgi dazartis skolis wevri,

dirk ferStoqtia.

unda, istoriis es ukve brendad

qceuli monakveTi sxvadasxva perspeqtivaSi

ikvlios. jer isev mxolod

kiTxvebi aqvs: SeiZleba Tu

ara xedvebis simravliT istoriis

rekonstruqcia? ra iyo im epoqis

mTavari niSnebi? vin iyvnen adamianebi,

vinc im istoriul momentSi

cxovrobdnen, rogor iRebdnen realobas?

agrovebs werilebSi, memuarebSi,

kulturul da istoriul

ZeglebSi asaxul poziciebs da cdilobs,

miuaxlovdes niSnuls, sadac

perspeqtivebis simravle realobis

Sesaxeb yvelaze damajerebel iluzias

Seqmnis. Tumca xvdeba, rom

is mxolod istoriis kidev erTi

versiis Cvenebas SeZlebs, radgan

warsulis rekonstruirebis yvela

mcdeloba sabolood mainc kraxis-

Tvisaa ganwiruli.

“didi artistebis epoqa damTavrda.

es procesi SeiZleba ar dasrulebula,

magram aqamdec male

mivalT. mxolod erTeulebi moipoveben

saxels. arsebuli art bazari

_ romelic xelovanebis mcire

jgufzea dafuZnebuli _ daiSleba.

artistebi veRarasdros SeZleben

iseTi cnobilebi gaxdnen, rogorc

artisti axlodan

klasikosi ostatebi iyvnen. Tanamedrove

xelovanebi da maTi namu-

Sevrebi yuradRebas didi xniT ve-

Rar miipyroben, maT drois dineba

gaiyolebs. xelovnebis momavali _

artistebis uzarmazari ricxvia,

sadac sabolood, raodenoba gansazRvravs

xarisxs”, _ Jan ricema,

Teatris meikeri, 2008 weli, vena,

sajaro leqcia.

informaciuli saukunis mTavari

gamowveva swored es simravlea.

`dedamiwaze arasdros ucxovria

erTdroulad imden genioss,

ramdenic dRes cxovrobs~ (zura

jiSkariani). SeiZleba warmateba

wamebSi moipovo, magram ramdenime

dReSi Seni saxeli aRaravis axsovdes.

am simravleSi da qaosSi gadar-

Cena gansakuTrebul niWs moiTxovs.

2012 wlidan holandiaSi da mTel

evropaSi kulturisa da xelovnebis

dargebs saxelmwifo dafinanseba

40 procentiT Seumcirda. nadia

wulukiZe, ukve sxva artistebTan

erTad, isev imave dilemis wina-

Se dgas: rogor daimkvidros Tavi

ucxo qveyanaSi da rogor gadarCes,

rogorc pirovneba.

„dRes ukve SemiZlia vTqva, vina

var da mTavari esaa. albaT, var is,

visac sakuTari Tavis da cvlilebebis

aRar eSinia. am etapze, es sakmarisia“.

cxeli Sokoladi 51


interviu

`RmerTi ar aris kerpi~

interviu nikola CernokrakTan

esaubra laSa oTxmezuri

nikola Cernokraki parizis wminda

sergis marTlmadidebluri Teologiis

institutis xelmZRvanelia.

1925 wels daarsebuli instituti

dasavleT evropaSi marTlmadidebluri

Teologiis uZveles keras

warmoadgens. nikola Cernokraki,

agreTve, kaTolikuri institutis

profesoria, sadac marTlmadideblur

Teologias aswavlis. 2006

wlidan igi bibliuri kvlevis asociaciis

Tana-prezidentia. mas hyavs

meuRle da ori Svili. nikola Cernokraki,

1951 wels iugoslaviaSi,

Tanamedrove xorvatiaSi daibada.

1973 wels, belgradis universitet-

Si swavlebis Semdeg, igi ganaTlebis

gasagrZeleblad parizSi gadavida.

safrangeTis sagareo saqmeTa saministrosTan

erTad, nikola Cernokrakma

qarTveli mRvdelmsaxurebisa

da TeologebisTvis samagistro

da sadoqtoro kursebze yovelwliuri

saswavlo vizebi moipova.

mamao nikola, rogor fiqrobT,

rTulia sasuliero pirisTvis moRvaweoba

iseT qveyanaSi, sadac sajaro

sivrceSi religiuri institutebi

warmodgenili ar aris?

safrangeTSi, romelic dRes postmodernuli

qveyanaa, erTi saukunis

win saero da saeklesio pirebs Soris

daZabuloba imdenad didi iyo,

rom Tu maswavlebeli da mRvdeli

erTmaneTs quCaSi SeeCexebodnen,

erT-erTi aucileblad quCis meore

mxares gadavidoda. dRes Cven aRar

gvixdeba trotuaris gamocvla, Tumca

erTmaneTs mainc ar vesaubrebiT.

dResac ar arsebobs dialogi

am or samyaros _ eklesiasa da saxelmwifos

Soris, Tumca, momavalSi

es SesaZlebelia Seicvalos. miuxedavad

imisa, rom marTlmadideblur

religias bevri sisuste axasiaTebs,

igi arasdros ar Camoyalibebula

52 cxeli Sokoladi

sistemad. ra Tqma unda, carizmis

epoqaSi eklesia ruseTis imperiul

politikas hyavda damorCilebuli,

magram eklesiaSi yovelTvis arsebobda

gamonaklisi.

ai, axla, Cven wminda serafimes

eklesiaSi vimyofebiT. serafime

iyo adamiani, romelic cxovrobda

gaxiznuli, sistemis gareT. es iyo

puSkinis epoqaSi. marTalia, puSkini

da serafime erTmeneTs ar icnobdnen,

magram orive maTgani im epoqis

simboloebs warmoadgenen. ganaxleba

eklesiaSic moxdeba, mxolod am sistemis

gareT myofi adamianebis mier.

Tumca, me axla, albaT, ukve vcildebi

Temas...

ai, axla, xelTa maqvs ifsos _ franguli

socialuri kvlevebis institutis

monacemebi, romlis mixedviT,

1968 wels, yovel kviradRes eklesia-

Si 37 % frangi qristiani dadioda,

1988 wels _ 25%, dRes ki 7%-ze nak-


lebi. mamao nikola, ar geSiniaT, rom

male umuSevari darCebiT?

gulwrfelad vfiqrob, rom es

situacia sjobs, vinaidan eklesia

ar aris adgili, sadac xalxi ZaliT

unda modiodes. eklesiaSi morwmuneni

ar SeiZleba imis gamo modiodnen,

rom amas zogadi socialuri

mdgomareoba moiTxovs. adre xalxi

eklesiaSi ise dadioda, rogorc

dRes luqsemburgis baRSi dilis

`jogingze~. es cxovrebis wesi, moda

gaxldaT. dRes qveyana Tavisufalia

am socialuri wnexisgan da es Zalian

kargia.

Cveni, eklesiis msaxurTa gamowveva

isaa, rom gamovnaxoT ena, romelic

dRes, Tavisufal, aratradiciul

adamians daainteresebs.

dRes adamiani ar cxovrobs tradiciaSi

da Cven unda movnaxoT saSualeba,

rom religiiT agnostikosebic

davainteresoT. Cven vcdilobT,

erTad visaubroT iseT sakiTxebze,

rac vertikalur ganzomilebaSi gadagviyvans,

rac saSualebas mogvcems

RmerTsac velaparakoT. Cemi azriT,

eklesia, yovel SemTxvevaSi, dasavleTSi,

mowodebulia, rom monaxos

sulis da azris Tavisufleba. magram

aq axali araferia. pavle mociquli

ras akeTebda, Tu ara amas?

igi cdilobda ebraelebsa da sxva

xalxebs Soris arsebuli undoblobis

kedeli daengria. samwuxarod,

es kedeli dResac arsebobs da eklesiis,

magram ara marto eklesiis,

aramed politikosebis funqciac

isaa, rom daangrion am undoblobisa

da gaucxoebis kedlebi.

eklesias aqvs Tavisi adgili sazogadoebaSi.

mas, aseve, Tavisi adgili

aqvs erovnul sazogadoebaSic. da

am globalizaciis epoqaSi me kargad

vgrZnob, Tu ra mniSvneloba aqvs

nacionalur kulturas. mimaCnia,

rom kultura, romlis matarebeli

eklesiaa, aris rogorc nacionaluri,

aseve universaluri. Cemi azriT,

marTlmadideblobam aCvena, rom Sei-

Zleba darCe istoriul konteqstSi

da aseve gaxde universaluri.

Cven, marTlmadideblebi, aq _ sa-

frangeTSi, umciresobaSi varT da

es mdgomareoba gvaZlevs saSualebas

sxvanairad SevigrZnoT pan-mar-

Tlmadidebloba, vidre Cven amas

erovnul konteqstSi SevicnobdiT.

vfiqrob, rom diasporis mdgomareobaSi

arsebobam unikaluri Sansi

misca Cvens eklesias. is gafantuloba,

rac diasporaSi cxovrebas sdevs

Tan, universalur elfers aZlevs

Cvens eklesias. magram, amasTanave,

Cven ar viWriT Wiplars Cveni erovnulobisgan.

dRevandeli eklesiisaTvis gamowvevaa,

rom igi ar gaxdes kerp-

Tayvanismcemeli. ra mogvitana Cven

iudeur-qristianulma tradiciam?

cocxali RmerTi, romelic adamianis

bedis Tanamonawilea. es RmerTi

ar aris kerpi. dRevandel eklesias

sWirdeba Tanamedrove diskursis

xilva.

me am enaze saubari viswavle wminda

sergis institutSi da es maswavles

berdiaevma, frolovskim, parizis

wminda ninos eklesiis moZRvarma

ilia meliam. Tu Cveni instituti

Tavisufalia, es imitom, rom es Tavisufleba

Cven safrangeTis saxelmwifom,

respublikam mogvca.

Tqven miiCnevT, rom safrangeTSi

dRes eklesia iseve gamijnulia saxelmwifosgan,

rogorc es meoTxe

saukunemde, konstantine didis imperatorobamde

iyo?

vfiqrob, rom asea da aseTi mdgomareoba

bevrad ufro kargia eklesiisaTvis.

me bevri espaneli megobari

myavs mRvdelmsaxurebs Soris,

isini iezuitebi iyvnen. Cven erTad

vswavlobdiT safrangeTSi. frankos

sikvdilis Semdeg, mokle xanSi, isini

marqsistebi gaxdnen. saocaria, ara?!

meoce saukunis dasawyisSi ruseTSi

piriqiT moxda _ marqsistebi qristiani

Teologebi gaxdnen...

espaneTi dResac Tavis warsulis

Sesaxeb polemikaSia CarTuli, ganawyenebulia

Tavis warsulze. espaneTSi

sazogadoeba ufro radikalizirebulia,

vidre safrangeTSi.

Cemi azriT, espaneTis kanonmdeblo-

interviu

ba, romelic uSvebs homoseqsualur

qorwinebas da homoseqsual wyvilebs

bavSvebis ayvanis uflebas aZlevs,

sazogadoebis antikaTolikuri

ganwyobiT aris gamowveuli. espaneT-

Si frankos dros eklesias mTlianad

ekava sajaro sivrce, eklesia

da saxelmwifo Zalian iyvnen erTmaneTze

gadajaWvuli, ramac ziani

udavod orives miayena. da es saSiSroeba

arsebobs im zogierT postkomunistur

qveyanaSic, sadac eklesia

cdilobs didi adgili daikavos sazogado

cxovrebaSi. komunisturi

samyaros gaqrobasTan erTad, gaqra

yvela is instituti, romelic adamianisTvis

SesaZlebelia moraluri

burji gamxdariyo. ideologia unda

Secvliliyo, magram samwuxarod, eklesia

ar iyo mzad es niSa daekavebina,

radganac mas amisaTvis inteleqtualurad

momzadebuli adamianebi

ar hyavda. me ar vicnob situacias

bevr qveyanaSi, magram serbeTSi da

ruseTSi am mxriv mdgomareoba savalaloa.

magilaTad gamodgeba is,

Tu rogor xdeba episkoposebis gana-

Tleba. isini absoluturad ar arian

inteleqtualurad mzad im funqciisaTvis,

rac unda Seasrulon da

amavdroulad udidesi Zalaufleba

eZlevaT.

mamao nikola, Tqven daibadeT iugoslaviaSi,

gaizardeT belgradSi.

Tqveni winaprebi serbo-xorvat-italielebi

iyvnen. ramdenad dagexmaraT

qristianoba balkaneTis omis dros?

ra Tqma unda, movlenebs udidesi

gulisyuriT vadevnebdi Tvals,

Zalze aforiaqebuli viyavi Sinaganad,

magram ver vlaparakobdi, erTi

sityvac ki ar warmomiTqvams maSin.

ar vlaparakobdi imitom, rom vxvdebodi,

ver vaxerxebdi swori sityvis

moZebnas, Cemi sityva deviacias ganicdida.

me ver vipove Cemi adgili.

ase rom, siCume varCie. da es Cemi

piradi apokalifsi gaxda, rasac me

ver Cavwvdi, ver gavige, imitom, rom

me es qveyana miyvarda, momwonda misi

multieTnikuri mxare da vfiqrobdi,

rom sigiJe iyo amis damsxvreva.

cxeli Sokoladi 53


interviu

amasTan erTad, me Cemi mrwamsis mixedviT

respublikeli var da amitom

mimaCnda, rom is, visac gamoyofa undoda,

unda gamoyofiliyo. yoveli

mxridan boroteba Canda da es yvelaferi

CemTvis gaugebari darCa.

rogorc marTlmadidebel, aseve

kaTolikur eklesiaSi, protestantuls

ar Sevexebi, vinaidan misi roli

am regionSi umniSvneloa, partikularuli

diskursi Zlierdeba. igive

jozef ratcingeri, dRevandeli papi,

acxadebs, rom erTaderTi eklesia,

romelsac eklesia SeiZleba ewodos

am sityvis sruli mniSvnelobiT _

kaTolikuri eklesiaa. marTlmadidebel

eklesiaSic, ufro da ufro

xSirad cdiloben, rom rwmena eTnoss

daukavSiron...

ra Tqma unda, muxti Zalze Zlieria,

muxti, romelic miiltvis

imisken, rom qristes RvTaebriv-adamianuri

buneba, nacionaluriT Secvalos.

am dros qristes gakerpebis

saSiSroeba Cndeba, magram amasTan

erTad eklesia es mrevlia, es xalxia,

es am xalxisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli

kulturaa, da Cemi azriT, qristianebs

unda eyoT simwife, raTa

SeZlon TavianTi istoriis wakiTxva.

maxsovs, rodesac 22 wlisa safrangeTSi

Camovedi da sorbonaSi

daviwye swavla, garSemomyofTaTvis

me serbi an iugoslaveli viyavi, am

dros, sinamdvileSi, Sen ara marto

serbi an iugoslaveli xar, aramed

cota metic...

ai, axla, roca Sen moxvedi CemTan,

me sxvebs Seni Tavi gavacani rogorc

qarTveli, imis magivrad rom me-

Tqva Tu vin xar. ase rom, Cven ver

vaxerxebT Cveni bedisgan, Cveni sazRvrebisgan

gaTavisuflebas. amis

Semdeg es Cemsa da Senzea damokidebuli,

Tu rogor SevZlebT im tvir-

Tis tarebas, romelsac nacionaloba

hqvia. diax, ra Tqma unda, Cven _

eklesiebi, rogorc kaTolikuri, ise

marTlmadidebeli, vcodavT, roca

partikularistul diskursze gadavdivarT,

magram, amasTanave, Zalian

adamianuria, rom me Sen erovnuli

54 cxeli Sokoladi

niSniT gangasxvavo. gvinda Tu ar

gvinda, Cven Cveni erovnuli civilizaciis

matareblebi varT.

me mesmis, rom dekalogis mexuTe

mcneba _ `pativi eci mamas da dedas,

raTa dRegrZeli iyo miwaze, romelic

ufals, Sens RmerTs moucia SenTvis~

_ yvelaze adamianuria, yvelaze advilia

daicva, miuxedavad amisa, ar mesmis

am mcnebis. Sen es sazRvrebi ubralod

komforts giqmnis, gkarnaxobs,

rogor icxovro, ra azri aqvs Sen cxovrebas.

es ki iluziaa, es is horizontia,

romelzec nicSe laparakobda,

filosofosi, romelic didad ar aris

pativcemuli RvTismsaxurTa Soris.

vici, razec mimaniSneb da getyvi,

rom nicSe absoluturad swori gaxldaT,

roca ambobda, rom RmerTi

mokvda. RmerTi iseT sistemaSi, iseT

CarCoSi moaqcies, rom is mokles.

Cemi azriT, religia musikasaviT

aris. Sen gaqvs mcdeloba muzicirebis,

raTa harmonia monaxo. am

dros SesaZlebelia RmerTze saubari

axali eniT. amitomac aris, rom

apofatikur enas marTlmadideblebisaTvis

aseTi didi mniSvneloba gaaCnia.

rac Seexeba Seni kiTxvis pirvel

nawils, geTanxmebi, rom iluzia

Zlieria da rom es iluzia aseve wyaroa

sxvisi, ara Sennairis SiSisa, da

religiis roli swored imaSia, rom

es SiSi Caaqros da ara gaaRvivos.

londonis suroJis eparqiaSi, 5-6

wlis win, eklesiis Temis im nawilma,

romelic bolo, postsabWoTa emigracias

warmoadgenda, Tavisi wesebis

dakanoneba gadawyvita. isini aRSfo-

Tebuli iyvnen imiT, rom Zveli emigraciis

morwmune qalebi eklesiaSi

SarvalSi an TavSiSveli dadiodnen.

warmoSva Tu ara igive problemebi parizis

postsabWoTa emigraciam?

ara, aseTi problemebi ar yofila,

radgan aq ormociode marTlmadidebluri

eklesiaa da visac

sad urCevnia, iq loculobs. aqedan

xuTi wuTis manZilze, moskovis sapatriarqos

eklesiaa da iqauri mrevli

ZiriTadad postsabWoTa emigra-

ciaa. CvenTan mrevli bevrad ufro

mravalferovania. frangebis garda,

bevria amerikeli, balkaneli, slavi...

da Tu Cven mrevlSi erToba

sufevs, es formalizmis xarjze ar

xdeba.

Tqven axseneT, rom eklesias Wirdeba

Tanamedrove sityvis, Tanamedrove

diskursis monaxva. britaneTis magaliTebiT

rom gavagrZeloT, iq axali

aRTqma ukve naTargmnia Cockney Rhyming

Jargonze, arsebobs saxarebebis

legos da komiqsebis versiac. es

kenterberis mTavarepiskoposis mier

daSvebuli versiebia. droisaTvis

fexis awyobis mcdelobisas eklesia

„ramdenad Sors~ SeiZleba wavides?

me, rogorc axali aRTqmis specialists

da pedagogs, mesmis Tu

ra problemebis winaSe dgas dRes

adamiani. Cemi azriT, mTavaria mki-

Txvels Sinaarsi gadasce, formas ki

naklebi mniSvneloba aqvs. am gadacemisaTvis

saWiroa moiZebnos is ena,

romelzec mkiTxveli laparakobs

da kiTxulobs. am mxriv, Tavisufleba

enis arCevanSi aucilebelia.

Tqven es Tavisufleba TviT axal aR-

TqmaSic gaqvT, sadac oTxi saxarebaa

da oTxive maTgani gansxvavdeba erTmaneTisagan.

magram enis Tavisuflebam

ar unda gamoiwvios eklesiaSi

sxvisi diskreditacia, rogorc amas

pavle mociquli ambobda kerpebisadmi

Sewirul xorcTan dakavSirebiT.

Cemi azriT, dasavleTis eklesiam

zedmetad axada niRabi misterias

_ saidumlos da ukve aRarc icis,

sad aris misteria. marTlmadidebeli

konfesia ufro arqaulia da es

arqauloba axsnas moiTxovs. mar-

TlmadideblobaSi yovelTvis iyo

misteriis SenarCunebis tradicia,

radganac RmerTi adamianisaTvis

saidumloebaa. ra Tqma unda, es saidumlo

enis meSveobiT unda aixsnas,

magram ara misteriis gabanalurebiT.

safrangeTSi saprezidento arCevnebis

periodSi gacxarda polemika

evTanaziaze. aris bioeTikis sxva


sakiTxebi, romlebic dRes sakanonmdeblo

organoebSi ganixileba da

romlebzec diskusia eklesiaSic midis.

magaliTad, SarSan agvistos, holandiaSi,

qveyanaSi, sadac 10 welia

evTanaziis praqtika arsebobs, patara

skandali moxda, rodesac mRvdelma

uari Tqva wesi aego Tavisi mrevlis

wevrisTvis, romelmac evTanaziiT

daasrula sicocxle. mamao nikola,

ras fiqrobT, SeZlebs dRes eklesia

safrangeTSi mecnierebasTan harmoniul

urTierTobas? aris es Tqven-

Tvisac gamowveva?

marTlmadideblur eklesias aqvs

unari mecnierebas akompanireba

gauwios. Cemi azriT, marTlmadideblur

eklesias ar unda hqondes

aprioristuli, xisti pozicia zogadad

medicinis da kerZod, evTanaziis

mimarT. es is sakiTxebia, romlebzec

saWiroa fiqri, gansja. TviT frangul

sajaro sferoSic ar arsebobs

konsensusi. mTavaria, eklesias ar

hqondes winaswar gansazRvruli xisti

pozicia. magaliTad, dRes protestantul

samyaroSi midis debatebi

qalTa xeldasxmis Sesaxeb. ar arsebobs

dogmaturi winaaRmdegoba, romelic

qalTa xeldasxmas uaryofda.

miuxedavad imisa, rom qristianobam

Zalian bevri gaakeTa qalis gaTavisuflebisaTvis,

qristianul da iudeur

tradiciaSi qals es roli ar akisria.

Tumca pavle mociquli romaelTa

eklesiisadmi miwerili epistoles

bolo TavSi axsenebs qalebs _ maT

Soris, pirvel rigSi, febes, kanqreas

eklesiis diakons. igive porfiri,

mesame saukunis neoplatonikosi

filosofosi da qristianobis didi

kritikosi, qristianul eklesiebs,

damcinavad, qalTa senatad moixseniebda.

es faqtebi imaze mianiSnebs, rom

qristianebi imdenad Ria iyvnen qalebis

mimarT, rom maT, am, ase vTqvaT,

feministuri midgomis gamo, akritikebdnen

kidec.

kanonikuroba ara kanonis Tavze

moxveva, aramed zomierebis Ziebaa.

eklesias arasdros uTqvams, rom kanoni

dogmaa. eklesiis istoriaSi ar-

sebobda Zalian mniSvnelovani kanonebi,

romlebic dRes miviwyebulia

da aRaravin iyenebs. protestantuli

eklesiebi ufro qadagebis logikis

gavlenis qveS arian, marTlmadidebeli

eklesia ki ziarebazea

orientirebuli. amasTan erTad, ar

dagvaviwydes isic, rom es sakiTxi,

protestantul samyaroSi warmoiSva.

marTlmadideblurSi igi ar dasmula.

zogadad, marTlmadidebel

nicSe absoluturad

swori gaxldaT,

roca ambobda, rom

RmerTi mokvda.

RmerTi iseT

sistemaSi, iseT

CarCoSi moaqcies,

rom is mokles. Cemi

azriT, religia

musikasaviT aris.

Sen gaqvs mcdeloba

muzicirebis,

raTa harmonia

monaxo. am dros

SesaZlebelia

RmerTze

saubari axali

eniT.

eklesias ufro metad xiblavs sityvis

gadacema vidre tradicia, vinaidan

tradicia ucvlelia, transmisia

ki cvlilebas uSvebs.

Tqven jer belgradis Teologiur

fakultetze swavlobdiT da Semdeg

parizSi, wminda sergis institutSi

ganagrZeT ganaTleba. ra gansxvaveba

iyo am or Teologiur skolas Soris?

belgradSi RmerTisadmi diskursi

apologeturi iyo, STabeWdileba

meqmneboda, rom Cemi pedagogebi

RmerTs icavdnen viRacisgan. amasTan

erTad, belgradSi diskursi dogmaturi

iyo. me es midgoma Jangbadis

interviu

gareSe mtovebda. aq Camosvlisas Sevxvdi

xalxs, romlebic RmerTTan

Serigebuli iyvnen da maTi diskursi

dafuZnebuli iyo RmerTSi cxovrebis

gamocdilebaze. es iyo periodi iseTi

didi filosofosebisa, rogorebic

iyvnen berdiaevi, losski da sxva mravali.

isini marTlmadidebluri Teologiis

modernizatorebi gaxldnen.

me vityodi, rom maT wminda mamebis

modernizeba SeZles im gagebiT, rom

isini mkiTxvels dauaxloves. ase gaxda

wminda sergis skola Cemi saxli.

saxli, sadac jer vswavlobdi, Semdeg

vaswavlidi da romelsac axla vxelmZRvanelob.

dRes wminda sergis instituti

absoluturad saerTaSoriso

struqturaa, sadac aswavlian frangebi,

berZnebi, amerikelebi, rusebi,

ruminelebi... garemo Zalian internacionaluria.

dRes skolaSi sabakalavro,

samagistro da sadoqtoro

programebis samasamde studenti swavlobs.

gvaqvs liturgiuli galobis

da ikonografiis saxelosnoebi. safrangeTis

sagareo saqmeTa saministros

saSualebiT movipove stipendiebi

qarTvelebisaTvisac. amJamad

gvyavs stipendianti mamao abo Tbilisidan,

sapatriarqos mier gamogzavnili.

imedi maqvs, rom seqtembridan

axali studentebi gveyoleba saqar-

Tvelodan.

1973 wels, safrangeTSi Camosvlisas,

wminda sergis institutSi

mamao ilia melia gavicani, romelic

unikaluri adamiani gaxldaT. ekumenizmi

misi namdvili mowodeba iyo.

am Zalze Ria adamians, erTi Tviseba

gaaCnda, romelic mudam mxiblavda:

is yovelTvis yvelaze susts icavda.

magaliTad, Tu klasSi iseTi moswavle

gvyavda, romelic zarmacobda

da yvela mis garicxvas moiTxovda,

mama ilia yvelafers akeTebda mis

dasacavad. rodesac is xanSi Sevida,

wirvis Catareba uWirda da daxmarebas

me mTxovda xolme. bolo erTi

weli, wminda ninos qarTul eklesia-

Si wirvis CatarebaSi mama ilias me

vexmarebodi. ase rom, piradad me,

saqarTvelosTan gansakuTrebuli

grZnobebi makavSirebs.

cxeli Sokoladi 55


specproeqti

56 cxeli Sokoladi


`buntarebi~

avtori salome afxaziSvili

foto levan xerxeuliZe

ilustracia Tako baqraZe

specproeqtisTvis maisurebi mogvawoda www.maikaprint.ge-m

specproeqti

„nu gvatyuebT!“;

„swavla uflebaa da ara privilegia“;

„ara eqspluatacias!“;

codna gasayidi produqti ar aris!“;

„Sors Seni religiuri xelebi, Cemi wminda sxeulidan“;

„puri da wignebi!“;

„avtonomia universitets!“ _ es im lozungebis arasruli

CamonaTvalia, romelTac, bolo ramdenime welia, sauniversiteto

sivrceebsa da sazogadoebrivi TavSeyris adgilebSi

xSirad gaigonebT. am moTxovnebis Sinaarsi gansxvavebulia,

magram saerTo aqvT Zlieri saprotesto muxti, rac am axalgazrdul

moZraobebs kvebavs.

progresisa da cvlilebisTvis Cemi Taobis warmomadgenlebi

Taviseburi meTodebiT ibrZvian _ musika, performansi,

teqsti, aqcia, diskusia, filmebi, sajaro leqciebi da

a.S. universitetebis ezoebSi, parkebsa Tu moednebze, isini

xSirad ikribebian da erTmaneTs ideebs uziareben, cdiloben

stereotipebis darRvevas da akritikeben damaxinjebul

tradiciebs.

zogierTi maTgani imdenad ambiciuria, rom ifiqreb, oci

wlis asakSi ukve mTeli samyaros Seqmna moaswreso. adardebT

TavianTi TaobisTvis damaxasiaTebeli indiferentuloba

da inertuloba, amitom arc Tanatolebis mxilebas eridebian.

erTi SexedviT, gegmebi Camoyalibebuli aqvT, magram

sistemasTan gamarjvebis, anda protestis meTodologiuri

warmarTvis gamocdileba jerjerobiT mxolod mcire maTgans

aqvs.

veWvob, erTjeradi aqciebiT, qaoturi SekrebebiT, anda

Tundac STambeWdavi performansebiT procesis bolomde

miyvana iyos SesaZlebeli. es TavisdamSvidebas ufro hgavs.

Tumca, arc naadrev Sefasebebs gTavazobT. piriqiT, vesaubrebi

im aqtiur studentebs, romlebic ar xuWaven Tvals

problemebze da vsvam kiTxvas: ramdenad SeZlebs am axalgazrdebis

zogjer viwro-individualuri da erT konkretul

sivrceSi moqceuli, fragmentuli protesti farTo moZraobad

qcevas, romelmac ganviTarebis uwyveti, erTiani procesi

unda uzrunvelyos?

pasuxze erTad vifiqroT.

cxeli Sokoladi 57


specproeqti

lika gagniZe _ 22 wlis

ivane javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti, kino-tele xelovnebis mimarTuleba

lika vegani-aqtivistia. xmaurian

aqciebsa da demonstraciebze

ar Cans, magram erT qarTul

tradicias aprotestebs, rac, misi

azriT, problemebis wyaroa. esaa

xorcisa da cxoveluri sakvebis

kulti. amis mimarT agresia jer

kidev bavSvobaSi, sofelSi gauCnda.

TiTqos, araferi _ erT dRes,

mamam mis Tvalwin qaTami dakla,

magram es sakmarisi aRmoCnda:

„pirvelad vnaxe maSin aseTi rame

_ roca Tavwawyvetil qaTams uyurebda,

Cemi ZaRli tiroda, mec

bolo xmaze vtirodi“. 15 wlis

iyo, roca lomisobis dResaswaulze,

xaris dakvlis rituals uyura,

ver moiTmina da sasuliero pirs

SeekamaTa. or weliwadSi kvebis racionidan

xorci saerTod amoiRo.

eqvsi Tvis win ki aikrZala yvela is

58 cxeli Sokoladi

`gaxdi vegani!~

sakvebi, romelic cxovelebis eqspluataciasTanaa

kavSirSi.

umciresobaSi yofniT gamowveuli

diskomfortis daZleva likam

socialur qselSi, Tanamoazreeb-

Tan daaxloebiT daiwyo. feisbuqis

gverdi Seqmna da ramdenime Tvis

win, vegetarianelTa interesebis

damcveli arasamTavrobo organizacia

daaarsa. maTi aqtivobebi,

jerjerobiT, blogze postebis

gamoqveynebiT Semoifargleba, Tumca

unda, rom vegetarianuli kafe

gaxsnas _ mwvane interieriT, kinoklubiT,

sasiamovno musikiT, gemrieli,

vegetarianuli meniuTi da

Tematuri performansebiT.

lika meubneba, rom misi arCevani

bevr ucxo adamianSi iwvevs gaocebas.

`rodesac supermarketSi mcenareul

sakvebs daveZeb, momsaxure

personali gakvirvebuli mekiTxeba

_ ki magram, marxva xom ar aris da

rad gindaT?~

`adamianebisgan gansxvavebiT,

romlebsac SeuZliaT arasasurveli

garemo SeZlebisdagvarad

Secvalon, cxovelebi ususurebi

arian. Cem mosaklavad, rom vinme

movides, amas xom vigrZnob? aseve

grZnobs cxoveli, rodesac mis

mokvlas apireben“, _ marwmunebs

lika da ambobs, rom misTvis cxovelebis

yovelgvari eqspluataciaa

miuRebeli _ quCaSic, qarxanaSic,

saxlSic: „Tavisufali var,

radgan Cems kuWze maRla var. mixaria,

rom davafase sicocxle. ar

aqvs mniSvneloba, visi sicocxle _

CemTvis adamiani da cxoveli erTnairad

xelSeuxebelia“.


qeTo froidi (mWedliSvili) _ 21 wlis

ivane javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti, fsiqologiis mimarTuleba

misi protesti saxeliTa da gvariT

iwyeba. mobezrda yvelgan da

yovelTvis qeTi mWedliSvilis saxeliT

siaruli, amitom profesiiT

fsiqologma, fsiqoanalizis fuZemdeblis

gvari sakuTar fsevdonimad

aqcia. pirvel interviuze qeTo

mSromelTa uflebebis mxardamWeri

aqciidan movida, Tumca Tqva, rom

aseT aqciebs xSirad azri ekargeba,

radgan mSromelTa uflebebis

damcveli organo, iseve rogorc,

sxva struqturebi, xelisuflebas

emorCileba, aqciebic uSedegod

sruldeba.

qeTo aqtiuri adamiania da meubneba,

rom aseTia skolidanve. mecxre

klasSi iyo, roca istoriis

maswavleblis gamocvla gaaprotesta,

klaselebi aiyolia, Tavisi mo-

Txovna furcelze dawera, gaifica

`deviacia iwvevs progress~

da direqtoris kabinetTan aqcia

gamarTa. gaimarjves. klass maswavlebeli

daubrunes.

Semdeg, ukve universitetSi, socialur

da politikur mecnierebaTa

fakultetze, uamravi mizezi

ipova, romelTa gamoc wynari da

mdore studentoba verafriT eqneboda.

jer iyo da fakultets

rom biblioTeka ar hqonda, is ar

moewona. amiT daiwyo xelmowerebis

Segrovebis mTeli seria, rac

Semdeg, misi studenturi cxovrebis

ganuyofel nawilad iqca. 2011

wlis martSi universitetis mesame

korpusis sardafSi, keTilmowyobili

biblioTeka gaixsna. amas mohyva

fsiqologTa klubis gaxsna

universitetSi, sadac yovelkvireul

diskusiebs da filmis Cvenebebs

awyoben; Semdeg _ sainiciativo

specproeqti

jgufi _ „Targmne“ mTavari mizniT

_ qarTul enaze iTargmnos is profesiuli

literatura, rac studentebs

profesiuli zrdisTvis

sWirdebaT. da bolos - qeTo froids

unda, rom universitetSi fsiqologTa

laboratoriac gaxsnas

Tavis megobrebTan erTad, sadac

profesorebis daxmarebiT Caatareben

kvlevebs, gamokiTxvebs, fokusjgufebs,

rac maT fsiqologiaSi

praqtikuli unarebis ganviTareba-

Si daexmarebaT.

qeTos samoqmedo strategiaa:

„rodesac raime RonisZiebis/aqciis

organizatori xar, unda gansazRvro

Seni mTavari mizani da SeZlo am

miznis garSemo, rac SeiZleba meti

informacia moiZio, rom ufro meti

ZaliT Seudge miznisken svlas“.

cxeli Sokoladi 59


specproeqti

zogadad, protestis idea Tu

moswons, es, pirvel rigSi, musikis ga-

moa, amitom laparaks ase iwyebs: „bavS-

vobidan Rolling Stones-sa da Pink Floyd-s

vusmendi. kargi musika ki yovelTvis

giqmnis protests Cveulebrivisadmi.

Sen ar gsurs, rom standartuli, mosawyeni

cxovrebiT icxovro. musikac

swored esaa: originaluri formiT mowodebuli

ambavi, romelic gitacebs,

mogwons da gaRelvebs. amas cxovrebiseuli

gamocdilebac emateba da xvdebi,

rom TviTgamoxatvis sxva gzebic

arsebobs“.

nika yovelTvis apolitikurobiT gamoirCeoda,

magram universitetsa da

TeatrSi bolo periodSi ganviTarebulma

movlenebma „aiZula“ xmamaRali

protestis monawile gamxdariyo. gasuli

wlis miwuruls, rusTavelis Teatris

win, robert sturuas mxardamWer

60 cxeli Sokoladi

nika megreliSvili _ 22 wlis

SoTa rusTavelis saxelobis Teatrisa da kinos saxelmwifo universiteti, dramis reJisori

`progresi iTxovs cvlilebebs~

aqciaze misul aTamde students Soris

nikac iyo. wels ki, rodesac saxelovnebo

saswavleblebs statusi Seucvales,

maT mier organizebul aqciaze,

Teatralur universitets mxolod

nika warmoadgenda: „CavTvale, rom

saswavlebelSi, sadac erTs meubnebian

da sruliad sapirispiros mikeTeben,

Cemi, rogorc studentis da rogorc

moqalaqis, vali iyo, pozicia Zalian

mkafiod da radikalurad gamomexata“.

ori Tvea, sadiplomo speqtaklze

muSaobs, amitom Cveni Sexvedrac

sandro axmetelis saxelobis oTaxSi

Sedga. zemoT aRniSnulma movlenebma

nikas arCevanzec imoqmeda da sadiplomo

namuSevris Temad, absurdisti dramaturgis,

slavomir mroJekis piesa _

„Ria zRvaSi“ SearCia. moqmedeba zRvaSi,

gemze viTardeba, sadac sami adamiania.

sakvebis gamolevis Semdeg, dgeba mo-

menti, rodesac mezRvaurebi erTmane-

Tis Wamas iwyeben. mroJekis am piesis

morali aseTia: zRva Cveni cxovrebaa.

masSi curvisas yovelTvis dgeba dro,

roca adamianebi TavianT saxes kargaven

da akeTeben yvelafers, rac araadamianuria:

„am speqtaklSi adamianebs

TavianT saxes vaCveneb, _ ambobs nika,

_ rodesac amdeni adamianis gulgrilobas

awydebi, roca yovelTvis neitralur

pozicias irCev da, zogadad,

ar interesdebi Sen garSemo mimdinare

procesebiT, udavoa, rom kaciWamiis

pozicias irCev~.

nika meubneba, rom mayureblisTvis

speqtakli mZime sanaxavi iqneba, radgan

sakuTari Tavis danaxva kaciWamiis

rolSi aravis moewoneba. misi sadiplomo

speqtaklis premiera maisis bolos,

imave darbazSi gaimarTeba, sadac Cveni

saubari Sedga.


sazogadoebaSi da gansakuTrebiT

ki, mis TaobaSi arsebuli stereotipebis,

statikurobisa da indiferentulobis

gaprotestebas mariam

baazovi kinos saSualebiT cdilobs.

universitetSi CabarebisTanave,

TiTqmis martom, kino klubi

gaxsna. pirveli filmi, romelzec

studentebi dapatiJa _ denis ganzelis

reJisorobiT gadaRebuli

„eqsperimenti“ iyo. am filmiT Tqva:

konformizmis Sedegia is, rom sabolood,

aseTi adamiani totalitaruli

saxelmiwfos msxverpli

xdeba. mariamma megobrebs sTxova,

kinoCvenebaze TeTri tansacmliT

misuliyvnen _ iseve rogorc, filmSia.

„CemTvis mniSvnelovania is

faqti, rom yoveli kinoCvenebis

Semdeg, vamCnev, rom am adamianebSi

raRac icvleba da isini fiqrs iwye-

mariam baazovi _ 20 wlis

saqarTvelos universiteti, xelovnebaTmcodneobis mimarTuleba

`ideebi tyviagaumtaria~

ben. xSirad, es is adamianebi arian,

visganac cvlilebas ar velodebi“,

_ meubneba intervius dros.

kinoklubis organizeba martos

uwevs, Tumca ambobs, rom radgan

amiT Tavis saTqmels gamoxatavs,

drois xarjvad namdvilad Rirs.

mariamis mSoblebi ebraul wesebs

zedmiwevniT icaven, misTvis ki religiuri

Tayvaniscemis damkvidrebuli

formebiT cxovreba ucxoa.

es 13 wlis asakSi gaiazra, rodesac

ierusalimSi, marTlamdideblebis,

iudevelebisa da musulmanebis locvas

uyura da mixvda, rom locva

ganmartoebiT, masobrivi aRtkinebis

gareSe sjobs.

Tanatolebis mimarT yvelaze mZafri

protesti 2004 wels, saqar-

Tvelos prezidentis inauguraciis

dRes gauCnda, roca am mizeziT

specproeqti

saswavlo procesi CaiSala: „videqi

da vuyurebdi, rogor yvirodnen

Cemi klaselebi _ „miSa! miSa!“,

maswavleblebi ki amiT bednierebi

iyvnen. damrigebels vkiTxe kidec,

ra iyo zeimis mizezi, man ki Tavidan

momiSora, Seni saqme ar ariso“.

„imisaTvis, rom Seqmna raRac Rirebuli,

amisTvis saWiroa gqondes

protestis grZnoba!~ _ ambobs mariami.

da amisTvis saWiroa, albaT,

formac. mariamma mgoni, am formasac

miagno.

cxeli Sokoladi 61


specproeqti

Caketili sivrcis garRvevis survili

laSas cxovrebaSi religiuri

dogmebis eWvis qveS dayenebiT

daiwyo. paralelurad, izrdeboda

pasuxgaucemeli kiTxvebis raodenobac.

universitetSi Cabarebis

Semdeg, laSa moxvda im adamianebis

wreSi, romlebic mis msgavsad azrovnebdnen,

aman ki meti informaciis

miRebis saSualebac misca. xatebi

da sxva siwmindeebi Tavisi oTaxidan

gaitana, kiTxvebze pasuxebis gacema

daiwyo da amgvar daskvnamde mivida:

„ar aris aucilebeli, yvelaferi

CarCoSi moaqcio, miT umetes, iseTi

sakiTxebi, romlebic azrovnebasTanaa

dakavSirebuli. CemTvis mTavari

Rirebuleba aris calke aRebuli

abstraqtuli adamiani, da ara qveyana,

teritoriuli naglejebi, misi

damaxasiaTebeli niSnebi da a.S. amis

62 cxeli Sokoladi

laSa qavTaraZe _ 20 wlis

ivane javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti, Jurnalistikis mimarTuleba

`azrovneba gaTavisuflebs~

gaazreba yvelas SeuZlia, mTavaria,

gqondes raimes Ziebis survili“.

sakuTar TavSi CaRrmavebisa da

alternatiuli gzebis Zieba la-

Sam wignebiT daiwyo. TiTqmis sul

kiTxulobda, mere, rogorc xdeba

xolme, laSam wignebis personaJebSi

Tavisi Tavi ipova. mixvda, rom misi

saqme wera unda yofiliyo, es iqneboda

instrumenti garemoSi raRacebis

Sesacvlelad. meubneba, rom mis-

Tvis wera idealia da Jurnalistika,

rogorc profesia, am idealTan miaxloebis

saukeTeso saSualeba.

axla blogeria. misi postebis

mTavari Tema Jurnalisturi ganaTlebis

xarvezebia. ambobs, rom

Jurnalistikis swavla mxolod amerikul

„qeisebze“ dayrdnobiT, Seu-

Zlebelia. is student-Jurnalistebsac

akritikebs, romlebic xSirad

zustad im unarebis ganviTarebas

ar cdiloben, rac maTTvis mniSvnelovani

unda iyos: ar cdiloben

informaciis „qeqvas“, Tvalsawieris

gafarToebas, ar aqvT motivacia,

profesiulad gaizardon: „cxovrebis

mTavari „muRami“ da xalisi swored

is aris, rom mudmivad moaxerxo

Seni Tavis motivireba, rom raRacisTvis

ibrZolo, an raRacas ebr-

Zolo, oRond es ar unda iyos br-

Zola brZolisTvis, Tvalsawieridan

ar unda dagekargos ideali, romlis

miRwevac gsurs. Tu brZolisa da

aqtivizmis survili ar gaqvs da gadadixar

statikur mdgomareobaSi,

ver vxvdebi, ratom irCev Jurnalistis

profesias, da saerTod, ra azri

aqvs cxovrebas?“


samxatvro akademiaSi arsebuli

swavlis sistemis gaprotesteba,

akademiis studentebis erTma

jgufma ramdenime Tvis win daiwyo.

1990-ian wlebSi arsebuli alternatiuli

jgufebis _ „forumis“,

„kreatoriis“, „multimediuri saxelosnos“,

„Tavisufali saxelosnosa“

da kidev ramdenime jgufis

Semdeg, sxvadasxva fakultetebis

studentebma, akademiis sardaf-

Si, kidev erTxel moiyares Tavi

da aseTi gegma dasaxes: moewyoT

gamofenebi da performansebi,

gaemarTaT Sexvedrebi maTTvis

saintereso adamianebTan, Seemu-

SavebinaT swavlebis Tanamedrove

meTodologia, rasac sxvadasxva

fakultetebze sistemuri kvlevis

Catarebis Semdeg gamoavlendnen.

jgufis Seqmnis idea akademiaSi

akademiis alternatiuli jgufi

apolon quTaTelaZis saxelobis Tbilisis samxatvro akademia

`uari swavlebis moZvelebul midgomebs!~

bolo periodSi dawyebul reorganizaciis

process mohyva. saxelovnebo

universitetebis statusis

Secvlisa da axali reqtoris

daniSvnis Semdeg, studentebi informaciul

vakuumSi aRmoCndnen.

dRes jgufSi ocdaaTamde wevria.

Tumca, dainteresebul studentebs

kidev elian.

„Tanamedrove xelovnebis swavleba

Zalian rTuli da specifikuria.

es ar aris swavleba, es aris

mTeli seria midgomebisa, rom

students azrovnebis ganviTarebaSi

daexmaro. roca namuSevris

Seqmnas gaswavlian, jer gavaleben,

rom kargad Seiswavlo Tema,

scado da am Temas filosofiuri

axsnac upovo. mxolod amis Semdeg

unda Seqmna namuSevari. Cven ki

filosofiis sagansac ki daStam-

specproeqti

puli TeoriebiT gvaswavlian: aba,

bavSvebo, „ra aris filosofia?

da Cven erTxmad unda vupasuxoT

_ „sibrZnis siyvaruli“. Cven zustad

am moZvelebul midgomebs vupirispirdebiT~,

_ ambobs natalia

nebieriZe.

jgufis wevrebs imedi aqvT, rom

akademiaSi dawyebuli cvlilebebis

talRa, sxva universitetebSic

gadainacvlebs.

cxeli Sokoladi 63


specproeqti

besikma bavSvoba lentexis raion-

Si gaatara. eklesiaSi pirveli

stiqarosani iyo, marxvebs inaxavda

da wirva-locvebs ar acdenda.

mogvianebiT sasuliero akademia-

Si Caabara, undoda, religiuri

sakiTxebi Seeswavla da eklesiaSi

msaxurebisas gaCenil kiTxvebze

pasuxebi Sesabamisi ganaTlebiT,

wminda werilebis kiTxviTa da gaanalizebiT

epova. Tumca, sasuliero

akademiaSi mixvda, rom am codnas

iq ver miiRebda. profesorebi

leqciebze agvianebdnen, zogjer

ki acdendnen kidec.

religiis Sesaswavlad Tavisufali

sivrce besikma sxvagan ipova.

akademiaSi „akrZalul literaturad“

aRiarebul saRvTismetyvelo

Jurnal „zRvarSi“ man bevri ise-

Ti mosazreba amoikiTxa, romelic

64 cxeli Sokoladi

besik liparteliani _ 26 wlis

Tbilisis sasuliero akademia

`hpoveT WeSmariteba da WeSmaritebam gagaTavisufloT Tqven~

manamde pasuxgaucemel kiTxvebs

pasuxobda. besiks arasamTavrobo

organizacia „alfis“ mier organizebuli

Tavisufali leqciebis

ciklic daexmara. eswreboda leqciebs,

romelTac nodar ladaria,

basil kobaxiZe, emzar jgerenaia

da sxva momxseneblebi atarebdnen.

swored amis Semdeg akademiaSi arsebuli

situaciis gamosworeba man

studenturi gaerTianebis SeqmniT

daiwyo. gaerTianebis wevrebi periodulad

Tanxas agrovebdnen da

sakvebs yidulobdnen, radgan im

dros akademiis saerTo sacxovrebelSi

mZime mdgomareoba iyo. mesame

kursze iyo, roca monawileoba

miiRo ramdenime satelevizio

gadacemaSi da marTlmadidebel

mSobelTa kavSirs daupirispirda.

axla besiki ilias saxelmwifo

universitetSi religiis sociologias

swavlobs. Tumca, ambobs,

rom sasuliero akademiis problemebze

Tvalis daxuWvas ar apirebs.

Tavis Zvel jgufelebTan erTad

daafuZna organizacia „axalgazrda

qristianebi demokartiisa

da mSvidobisaTvis“ da male axal

saRvTismetyvelo Jurnals gamoscems.


miranda da lilu feministebi

arian da universitetSi Camoyalibebuli

patriarqaluri da arafeminuri

ganwyobis miuxedavad,

mainc sul cdiloben sakuTari sa-

Tqmeli leqcia-seminarebze daafiqsiron.

stereotipebiT gaJRenTil

garemoSi gogonebi xSirad cinikuri

damokidebulebis msxverplnic

xdebian. swored msgavsi damokidebulebis

gamo ver moiZebna Tavisufali

auditoria universitetSi,

sadac qalTa mimarT Zaladobis

amsaxveli fotogamofena da sajaro

leqcia Catardeboda. lilusa

da mirandas TxovniT, sabolood,

leqcia _ „Zaladobidan esTetizaciamde“

ilias saxelmwifo universitetSi

Catarda.

lilu mamulaSvili _ 19 wlis,

Tsu, sociologiis mimarTuleba

miranda gagua _ 20 wlis

Tsu, filosofiis mimarTuleba

`Tavisufleba qalis uflebas!~

qalebis mimarT usamarTlo damokidebulebis

winaaRmdeg protesti,

gogonebs universitetSi

Cabarebamde gauCndaT. liluze

gavlena erTma andergraundulma

musikalurma jgufma moaxdina.

gogonebis simRerebSi feministuri

Tematika, qalebis uflebebi

Warbobda. miranda ki ixsenebs, rom

zogadad, Zalian „biWuri“ gogona

iyo, ainteresebda iseTi profesiebi,

romelsac qalebi naklebad

irCeven _ fizika da filosofia.

sxvadasxva feministuri organizaciebis

warmomadgenlebis gacnobis

Semdeg, miranda da lilu ramdenime

aqciazec moxvdnen, ramac

maT meti gambedaoba Semata. „Cemi

sxeuli Cemi saqmea“, „Sors Seni

specproeqti

religiuri xelebi Cemi wminda

sxeulidan“, „es ar aris 8 marti“ _

es im aqciebis saxelwodebaa, romelTac

gogonebi jer kidev skolis

periodidan SeuerTdnen.

feministi gogonebi, studentebis

socialuri pasuxismgeblobisa

da tolerantobis dabal doneze

saubroben da amboben: „revolucia

qalis gonebidan unda daiwyos

da Tu qals Tavisi uflebis dacva

ar surs, mamakaci am uflebis

dacvis iniciativas ar aiRebs, ar

daTmobs“.

cxeli Sokoladi 65


specproeqti

„ver veguebi iseT situacias, sadac

yvela erTnaria. Cem garSemo

rom iyos aTi erTnairi adamiani,

me meTerTmete ver viqnebi“, _ meubneba

giorgi, romelmac zustad

am mizeziT saxeli Seicvala da

buTu gaxda.

saganmanaTleblo sistemis mimarT

protesti, pirvelive kursze

gauCnda, ris gamoc sxva universitetSic

ki gadavida, sul sxva ganxriT

_ Tsu-s arqeologiis mimar-

Tulebidan ilias universitetSi

politologiaze.

„axla iseTi leqciidan movdivar,

sadac Cemi azri vTqvi religiaze

da amis gamo, aravin gamlanZRa~,

_ meubneba buTu SexvedrisTanave

da amatebs, rom amis gamo Tsu-

Si TiTiT saCvenebeli gaxdeboda,

radgan iq gatarebuli erTi semes-

66 cxeli Sokoladi

buTu bilixoZe _ 20 wlis

ilias saxelmwifo universiteti, politologiis mimarTuleba

`cvlileba monawileobis Sedegia~

tri drosa da sivrceSi gamoketvas

udrida, gansxvavebuli azris

qona _ stigmas.

Tumca, SedarebiT Tavisufali

saswavlo garemos povniT ar

dakmayofilda. dRemde xvdeba samxatvro

akademiis aqtivist studentebs,

monawileobs aqciebSi,

akeTebs stensilebs da posterebs

erTi konkretuli moTxovniT _

„swavla ar unda iyos privilegia“.

erT-erT posterze daxatulia

zvigenebi, romlebic Tevzebs Wamen.

qvemoT ki _ Tevzebi, romlebic

Wamen zvigenebs. buTu mixsnis,

rom es sistemis winaaRmdeg sazogadoebis

gaaqtiurebisken pirdapiri

mowodebaa.

buTus aRizianebs aratolerantuli

sazogadoeba, am Tvisebis

naklebobas ki samoqalaqo

ganaTlebis dabali doniT xsnis.

ar uyurebs televizors da mas

Semdeg, rac samarSruto taqsebiT

mgzavroba 80 TeTri gaxda,

protestis niSnad, yviTeli `mar-

SrutkebiT~ aRar mgzavrobs. gadawyvetileba

spontanurad, erT

dilas, saxlidan gamosvlisas mii-

Ro da ar Seucvlia: „me rom vityvi

_ ara, e.i. _ ara!“


giorgim rokmusikis mosmena Zalian pa-

tara asakSi daiwyo. mama „pink floidis“

iseT kompoziciebs asmeninebda, romlis

gagebasac maSin ver axerxebda, magram

mainc usmenda. wlebis Semdeg, megobreb-

Tan erTad rokbendi Seqmna. ambobs, rom

man Cveulebrivi qarTveli Tineijerebisgan

gansxvavebiT, mSobliur qalaq kaspSi,

kontrkulturis damkvidreba daiwyo, rac

raionis mosaxleobisTvis TvalSisacemi

da gamaRizianebelic iyo. dRes universiteti

da samsaxuri misi valdebulebebia,

bendi ki _ arCevani, romelic misTvis yvelaze

mniSvnelovania: „CemTvis bendi yvelaze

da yvelaferze mniSvnelovania. me

amisTvis Cemi naxevari cxovreba gadavde“,

_ ambobs is.

mSoblebis gadametebuli mzrunvelobis

mimarT protestis gancda Zalian adre

gauCnda. 3 wlis iyo, magram mainc naTlad

axsovs, rogor ar moswonda, roca naTesa-

giorgi noniaSvili _ 20 wlis

ilias saxelmwifo universiteti, samarTlis mimarTuleba

ROCK HARD, DIE YOUNG!

vebisa da mezoblebis winaSe, dedis TxovniT,

yvela cxovelis saxeli unda Camoe-

Tvala. erT dResac es ojaxuri ceremonia

Zalian mobezrda da yvela cxovels erTi

saxeli Searqva: „aguri“. `dedaCemis TqmiT,

swored es iyo Cemi pirveli protesti~, _

ambobs giorgi.

Semdeg mis skolaSi konferenciebisa

da sxvadasxva saganmanaTleblo proeqtis

ganxorcieleba amerikulma gacvliTma

programam `fleqsma~ daiwyo. es giorgisTvis

axali ideebis da gamocdilebis

momtani aRmoCnda. meaTe klasSi, man sainiciativo

jgufi Seqmna da jer Tavis

skolaSi da Semdeg ki, kaspis sxva skolebSic,

saintereso Sexvedrebs awyobda.

Tbilisidan miwveuli stumrebi _ daviT

paiWaZe, daTo afrasiZe, nodar xaduri da

sxvebi raionSi mcxovreb mozardebs moqalaqis

ufleba-movaleobis Sesaxeb esaubrebodnen.

specproeqti

Semdeg, saswavlo programiT amerikaSi,

oregonis StatSi gaemgzavra. iq gatarebulma

erTma weliwadma Zalian Secvala,

gaxda damoukidebeli da, rogorc TviTon

ambobs, „cxovreba iswavla“.

Tumca TviTgamoxatvis formebs manamde

TavisiT miagno. erT dRes im daskvnamde

mivida, rom stalinis Zegli mSobliur qalaq

kaspSi, fizikurad Tu vera, sakuTar

TavSi mainc unda gaenadgurebina. amitom

amerikaSi gamgzavrebamde ramdenime TviT

adre, stalinis Zeglze jer didi kiTxvis

niSnebi, TviTmfrinavSi Cajdomamde 24 saaTiT

adre ki, sabWoTa belads, vampiris

atributebi miaxata.

giorgi protests sazogadoebis Camoyalibebisa

da ganviTarebis umTavres

faqtorad miiCnevs: `Taobas, romelsac

ar aqvs protesti, CanasaxSive mkvdaria

da me eWvi mepareba, aseTma Taobam raime

mogces“.

cxeli Sokoladi 67


specproeqti

studentebis TviTorganizebuli

jgufi _ „sociumi“ Tbilisis

saxelmwifo universitetSi, pirvelad,

internetSi, 2007 wels gaCnda.

axlad gaxsnil vebgverdze socialur

da politikur mecnierebaTa

fakultetis meore kursis studentis

mixeil gabelias iniciativiT

da amave fakultetis profesoris,

amiran berZeniSvilis xelSewyobiT,

pirvelad gaCnda im saleqcio masalis

eleqtronuli versiebi, romelTa

`daqseroqsebazec~ universitetis

miwisqveSa gadasasvlelSi

mdgar erTaderT aparatze studentebi

manamde saaTebs xarjavdnen.

vebgverds xarvezebi hqonda, magram

studentebis dro mainc Zalian dazoga.

droTa ganmavlobaSi, socium.ge-s

studenturi forumic daemata, Tu-

68 cxeli Sokoladi

`sociumi~

ivane javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti

sazogadoeba ukeTesi sazogadoebisTvis

mca, man srulyofilad muSoba ver

SeZlo, amitom, aqtualuri Temebis

garSemo, gansxvavebuli mosazrebebis

gacvla-gamocvlam realur sivrceSi,

socium.ge-s sadiskusio klubSi

gadainacvla.

sadiskusio Temebi ara mxolod

mimdinare socialur da politikur

procesebs ukavSirdeboda, aramed

universitetSi arsebul Sida problemebsac.

stumrebi _ zaza firaliSvili,

zaza SaTiriSvili, SoTa

malaSxia, levan ramiSvili, Tamar

CugoSvili, universitetis TviTmmarTvelobis

wevrebi da studentebi,

qveyanaSi da maT TaobaSi mimdinare

procesebze msjelobdnen da

kamaTobdnen. swored universitetis

TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebs mieZRvna

bolo Sexvedra, romelic arCevnebSi

monawile damoukidebel kan-

didatebs da erTiani studenturi

moZraobis wevrebs da maTi programebis

ganxilvas daeTmo.

„sociumis“ wevrebi amboben, rom

maTi upiratesobaa ideologiuri da

Tematuri CarCoebis garRveva: „sociumi

es aris Tavisufali erToba,

sadac yvela ideologiis matarebeli

ipovis Tavs _ feministic, politikurad

memarjvene-memarcxenec da

eTnikuri umciresobis warmomadgenelic.

Cven gvinda, vaCvenoT, rom

gansxvavebuli mosazrebebis mqone

adamianebsac SeuZliaT iyvnen solidarulebi

sxvadasxva problemuri da

aqtualuri sakiTxis mimarT“.

„sociumis“ wevrebi sociologiur

kvlevebsac atareben, amboben, rom es

maT sazogadoebaSi da universitetSi

mimdinare procesebis gaanalizebaSi

da prognozirebaSi exmareba.


levan lorTqifaniZe _ 19 wlis

ivane javaxiSvilis Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti, politologiis mimarTuleba

brZola „qaris wisqvilebTan“ _

ase afasebs levan lorTqifaniZe,

Tsu-s TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebSi

monawileobas, romelic misi

gamarjvebiT dasrulda. wlebis

Semdeg pirvelad, `erTiani studenturi

moZraobis~ gverdiT,

universitetis TviTmmarTvelobaSi

damoukidebeli kandidatebic

moxvdnen.

universitetis, rogorc liberaluri

sivrcisTvis, brZola

levan lorTqifaniZem pirveli

kursidan daiwyo. levani fiqrobda,

rom saaTobiT dgoma registraciis

rigSi, biurokratiuli

aparatis SeuzRudavi uflebebi,

procesebis daxuruloba is problemebi

iyo, romlebic students

swavlasa da ganviTarebaSi uSlida

xels.

`universiteti studentebsa da leqtorebs!~

amitom universitetSi CabarebisTanave

aqciebsa da sajaro

gamosvlebs SeuerTda. Semdeg

kurselebi aiyolia, sainiciativo

jgufi Seqmna, sxva studentebic

miimxro da `erTiani studenturi

moZraobis warmomadgenlebs~

daanaxa, rom TviTmmarTvelobis

arCevnebSi gamarjveba, finansuri

siZlierisa da administraciis

mxardaWeris gareSec SeiZleba.

`sul 22 lari dagvexarja, am

TanxiT sxvadasxva SexvedrisTvis

lentebi, markerebi da muyaos qa-

Raldebi viyideT. mgoni, imitom

gavimarjveT, rom studentebs

xSirad vxvdebodiT, Cveni gegmebis

Sesaxeb kiTxvebs amomwuravad

vpasuxobdiT da Riad da daufaravad

vuxsnidiT, ratom iyo Cveni

TviTmmarTvelobaSi mosvla au-

specproeqti

cilebeli~, _ ambobs levan lor-

TqifaniZe.

is darwmunebulia, TviTmmar-

TvelobaSi misi jgufi gansxvavebul

diskurss Seitans. studentis

interesebis dacva, universitetis,

rogorc samecniero-kvleviTi

institutis ganviTarebaze

zrunva da dialogisa da liberaluri

sivrcis Seqmnis mcdeloba

iqneba Cveni mizanio, _ meubneba.

cxeli Sokoladi 69


literatura

literaturuli procesi

jazi literaturaSi

nino natroSvili

saavtoro

madaTaSvili

aka morCilaZe

moTxroba

konveiruli meTodis

zogadi principebi

gela Cqvanava

saubrebi abaJuris qveS

Cemi bebo _ nino ramiSvili

nino suxiSvili

poezia

eka qevaniSvili

recenziebi:

receptebi, receptebi...

Jan-mari gustav le klezio: `SimSilis misamReri~

katia voltersi: `ieriqonis vardi~


literaturuli procesi

jazi literaturaSi

avtori nino natroSvili

`me, ici, rodidan movdivar? ai,

klasobanas TamaSisas Tu getyodnen,

sadavo xazze daadgi fexio da

sakuTari simarTle unda dagemtkicebina,

gacxarebuli, dedas ki ar

ificebdi, ambobdi: `Zia stalins geficebi,

fexi ar damidgams~. es rkinis

argumenti iyo. maSinve Tavs ganebebdnen...

ai, am droidan movdivar

me. pirveli bibliografia `lenini

qarTul musikaSi~ 1967 wels gavake-

Te, imis mere sul bibliografiebze

vmuSaob~, _ ase viwyebT saubars feride

kvaWantiraZe da me.

70-iode wlis feride kvaWantira-

Zes erovnul biblioTekaSi raritetuli

gamocemebis ganyofileba

abaria. eleqtronuli wignebis `mowinaaRmdege~

biblioTekars veZebdi

da masTan amitom movedi. biblio-

TekarebisTvis wigni, Tavisi tradiciuli

formiT, xom wmidaTawmida

72 cxeli Sokoladi

ramea. feride kvaWantiraZis sityvebi

_ Zia stalins geficebi _ ki marwmunebs,

rom sworad movsulvar _

is im epoqidanaa, rom, wesiT, Zalian

unda brazobdes Tanamedrove teqnologiebze,

romlebic wignis ki-

Txvis mTel process cvlis; wignis

furclebTan Sexebisa da surnelis

jadosnur gancdas arTmevs mas...

`bukrideriT kiTxvac mogwonT?~

_ viTom gulubryvilod, RimiliT

davusvi winaswar momzadebuli `momakvdinebeli~

kiTxva respondents

da mosalodneli gamarjvebis molodinSi,

mravalmniSvnelovnad davdumdi.

`iciT, zogi rogoraa? araferi

unda axali, yvelaferi Zveli surs.

arada, mTavaria, wigni gindodes,

Torem formas ra mniSvneloba aqvs?

amboben, nabeWds sxva intimi aqvso.

me es intimi im mowyobilobaSic da-

viWire: vijeqi bukrideriT xelSi

kaklis xis ZirSi da vkiTxulobdi.

Tanac, ici, rom mag mowyobilobaSi

1200 wigni SegiZlia CatvirTo? Tavisi

pasuxiT uceb ganmaiaraRa qalbatonma

feridem da ganagrZo: `axla

rom batis frTiT vwerdeT, es xom

iseTive anaqronizmi iqneba, rogorc

50 wlis Semdeg nabeWdi wigni... progress

zogi adre iRebs, zogi gvian,

magram mas veraferi SeaCerebs~.

nel-nela xasiaTi gamifuWda da

gonebiT alternatiuli respondentebis

Zebna daviwye, magram Tan

vifiqre, _ ara, SeuZlebelia, yvelaferze

`wamomyves!~ amitom aRtkinebulma,

meored vcade:

_ qalbatono feride, warmoidgineT,

rom `vefxistyaosnis~ siuJets

mravali ganviTareba hqondes: avTandili

midiodes tarielis saZebnelad,

xvdebodes asmaTs da uyvarde


odes, TinaTins iviwyebdes da masze

qorwindebodes... an fatmanze gagi-

Jdes, anda, sulac, nestan-darejans

gaumijnurdes... an nestan-darejani

misTxovdes xvarazmSas Zes, mere

daqvrivdes da Zveli siyvaruli gaaxsendes...

da Tqven ki Tavad gadawyvitoT,

nebismieri maTganis bedi,

`bukrideris~ Rilakze TiTis martivi

daWeriT. iciT, rom zustad ase-

Tia wignebis momavali? kiTxulobT,

kiTxulobT, mere uceb wkap da sruliad

sxva siuJetSi aRmoCndebiT. es

mogwonT?

gamometyvelebaze vamCnev, rom mizans

mivaRwie _ dabneuli Cans: `amis

warmodgena miWirs. avtoris dasrulebuli

nawarmoebi momwons, Tumca

es rogor aris, albaT, iciT? Tema

rom mogcen musikaSi da sxvadasxvagvari

aranJireba gaukeTo... es albaT

jazia, jazi literaturaSi~.

jazi literaturaSi! _ qalbatonma

feridem im procesis Sesatyvisi

termini ipova, romelic msoflio-

Si sul axlaxan daiwyo da romlis

zusti ganmarteba jer arc arsebobs.

moZraoba teqstSi, gadasvla

siuJetidan siuJetSi, gmiris erTi

cxovrebidan meoreSi da Tan usasrulod...

„wignebs aRaravin kiTxulobs,

amitom am bazars seriozulad ar

miviCnev“, _ ase Seafasa sami wlis

win stiv jobsma New York Times-Tan

interviuSi eleqtronuli wignebi.

Tumca, teqnologiuri inovaciebis

erT-erTi yvelaze cnobili Semoqmedi,

iseve rogorc, bevri sxva skeptikosi,

Secda. 2010 wlis maisSi es

statistikiTac dadasturda. kompania

Amazon-is monacemebiT, 2010-Si

eleqtronuli wignebis gayidvebma

pirvelad gauswro beWdurs. es ukve

precedenti iyo, romelmac eleqtronuli

wignebis momavalze yvela

eWvi gafanta. dRes ki ukve bukriderebi,

planSetebTan erTad, yvelaze

popularul saCuqrebad iTvleba.

eleqtronuli wignebi iseTive

failia, rogoric, vTqvaT, Tqvens

kompiuterSi Senaxuli nebismieri

teqsturi dokumenti. cxadia,

am failebis wamkiTxveli gajetebi

fuli Rirs, magram samagierod,

mowyobilobas erTxel yidulob

da mere mis aseulobiT funqcias

komfortuli kiTxvisTvis wlebis

ganmavlobaSi iyeneb. axali teqnologiebis

specialistebi amboben,

rom Kindle-ia, Tu Nook-i, maTi SesaZleblobebi

imdenad didia, rom ukve

SesaZlebelia, `vefxistyaosani~ ise

waikiTxo, rogorc qalbaton ferides

veubnebodi.

amis saSualebas hiperteqsti iZleva.

hiperteqstia eleqtronuli

teqsti, romelSic raime sityva an

fraza iniSneba, masze daWeriT ki

Cndeba sxva teqsti, romelic manamde

arsad Canda. ase gadadis mki-

Txveli romanis erTi Sridan meoreSi,

iqidan kidev mesameSi da ase,

usasrulod. es termini pirvelad

1965 wels filosofosma da programistma,

Teodor nelsonma gamoiyena

da ase aRniSna dokumenti,

romelic teqstis mcire fragmentebisgan

imgvarad iyo Sedgenili,

rom SeiZleboda, wakiTxuliyo ara

erTxel da samudamod dadgenili

wesiT, aramed sxvadasxva variaciiT,

mkiTxvelis interesis gaTvaliswinebiT.

hiperteqsts sakuTar gamogonebad

miiCneven teqnikosebic da humanitarebic.

simarTle ki, albaT, sadRac

SuaSia, yovel SemTxvevaSi, 1940

wlidan hiperteqsti paralelurad

viTardeboda, rogorc programirebaSi,

ise literaturaSi, meoce

saukunis bolos ki, es ori mimarTuleba

erTmaneTs Seerwya.

amitom dRes ukve iolia, warmoidginoT

aseTi realoba: TiToeuli

eleqtronuli wignis faili ise iyos

daxunZluli hiperlinkebiT, rogorc

_ `vikipedias~ statiebi, am hiperlinkebs

ki, kiTxvisas, sxvadasxva

siuJetur ganviTarebaSi gadahyavdeT.

Tanamedrove teqnologiebi

xom zogadad, zRaprebis realizaciaa.

TiTqmis yvela eris zRaprebSi

SexvdebiT siuJets, roca mTavari

gmirebi midian da win xvdebaT qva,

romelzec weria: aqeT waxval _ mo-

literaturuli procesi

xval, iqiT waxval _ moxval, pirdapir

waxval _ veRar moxval. rogorc

wesi, zRaprebSi samive siuJeti vi-

Tardeba xolme, yvelaze saxifaTo

gzas ki umcrosi Zma irCevs, Tumca

amasac aRar aqvs mniSvneloba. eleqtronuli

wigni ukve imis saSualebas

iZleva, rom sam Zmaze aTasobiT

varianti ganviTardes.

aseTi Txrobis dros, `gzagasayari~

siuJeturi xazis sxvadasxvagvar

ganviTarebebs Soris mTavari da

meorexarisxovani gmirebis ambebia.

avtori, romelic eleqtronuli

wignisTvis qmnis mxatvrul teqsts,

am gmirebis cxovrebis Sesaxeb winaswar

aTobiT variants wers, rac

siuJetis milionobiT ganviTarebis

saSualebas iZleva. sakmarisia Tqveni

bukrideris ekranze daaWiroT

TiTi patara niSans, rom siuJetis

mTavari xazidan gverdiT gadauxvevT,

kidev daaWerT da sxva ganviTarebaSi

moxvdebiT, mokled, usasrulod

imoZravebT teqstSi.

`umberto eko ambobda, rom hiperteqstis

epoqaSi, wera ise, rogorc

werdnen manamde, SeuZlebelia. ai,

warmoidgineT kompiuteruli TamaSi

`Suteri~, romelSic adamiani oTaxebSi

dadis da viRacebs esvris, TamaSis

ganviTareba yvela moTamaSis

SemTxvevaSi sxvadasxvagvarad xdeba...

wignic nel-nela aqeTken midis~,

_ meubneba eleqtronuli wignebis

onlain-maRazia www.lit.ge-s damfuZnebeli

paata sirbilaZe.

imas, rogorc ikiTxeba standartuli

beWduri mxatvruli wigni, xazovan

kiTxvas eZaxian; is ki, rasac

eleqtronuli teqnologiebi sTavazobs

Tanamedrove mkiTxvels _ araxazovani

kiTxvaa. Tumca, araxazovnad

kiTxvis pirveli magaliTebi,

anu hiperteqstebis pirveli analogebi

da maTi `winaprebi~ pirvelad

beWdur literaturaSi gaCnda.

aseTi teqstis pirvel magaliTad

saerTodac biblia miiCneva _ oTxi

sxvadasxva avtoris mier dawerili

istoria ieso qristeze, romelic

savsea analogiebiT, aRqmis sxvadasxva

variantebiT, jvaredini sis-

cxeli Sokoladi 73


literaturuli procesi

temebiT. Semdeg ukve literaturuli

hiperteqstis gamoyeneba da

tradiciuli xazovani weris maneris

ngreva mwerlebma daiwyes momdevno

saukuneebSi. 1969 wels jon faulzma

romans `frangi leitenantis megobari

qali~ ori finali dauwera.

kompiuteruli hiperlinkebiT sargebloba

mas jer ar SeeZlo da ganicdida,

rom mkiTxveli `WeSmarit~

finalad aRiqvamda im dasasruls,

romelic bolo gverdTan ufro

axlos iyo. finalebis mimdevroba

man monetis agdebiT gansazRvra.

erT variantSi wyvili bednieri iyo,

meoreSi _ piriqiT.

bakur sulakaurTan saubris Semdeg,

gavixsene, rom aka morCilaZis

`santa-esperansac~ hiperteqstis

principzea agebuli. manamde ki,

aseTi mxatvruli nawarmoebebi vladimer

nabokovs, xulio kortasars,

xorxe luis borxess, ufro axla ki

_ jonaTan safran foers, anda ameli

notoms aqvT dawerili.

eleqtronuli wignebis kritikosebi

miiCneven, rom gansakuTrebuli

aqtualoba hiperteqsts milorad

paviCma SesZina. serbi mwerali ambobda,

rom Cveulebrivi romani aRar

`muSaobs~, rom is ar utovebs mki-

Txvels Tavisuflebas da teqstis

Tavidan bolomde wakiTxvas aiZulebs.

paviCis nawarmoebebi, garkveuli

TvalsazrisiT, kompiuteruli Tama-

Sebia, romlebic avtorma maRal mxatvrul

doneze aiyvana. magaliTad,

`xazarTa leqsikoni~ Tanamedrove

literaturis yvelaze mowinave teqnologiebzea

agebuli: sami _ wi-

Teli, mwvane da yviTeli wignisgan

Sedgeba, amas garda, arsebobs misi

kacuri da qaluri versiebic: nawarmoebis

mTavari gmiri qali cocxali

rCeba, Tu wigns qali kiTxulobs da

kvdeba _ Tu mamakaci. sxvaTa Soris,

`xazarTa leqsikonis~ CD-ze gadatanis

Semdeg, mweralma teqnologiebis

specialistebisgan Seityo, rom am

romanis wakiTxva 2,5 milioni xerxiT

SeiZleboda.

1990 wels hiperliteraturis

klasikosma, amerikelma maikl jois-

74 cxeli Sokoladi

ma 5 diskze pirveli kompiuteruli

hiperromani `SuadRe" (`Afternoon~)

gamosca. romani pirobiTi 539 gverdisgan

da 951 bmulisgan Sedgeba,

romelTagan TiToeuli siuJetis

ganviTarebis alternatiuli gzaa.

magaliTad, romani restoranSi ori

gmiris saubriT iwyeba. isini vinme

piteris yofil cols ixseneben.

survilis SemTxvevaSi, mkiTxvels

gmirebis saubris gawyveta da paralelur

TxrobaSi gadasvla SeuZlia.

am paralelur samyaroSi ki, siuJeti

ukve Tavad piterze, an mis yofil

colzea.

sakuTari teqstis variaciebis Seqmna

dRemde sul ramdenime avtoris

piradi arCevani iyo. ra moxdeba

maSin, roca eleqtronuli wigni

TiTqmis srulad Caanacvlebs Tavis

beWdur winapars da TiToeuli

avtori ukve iZulebuli gaxdeba,

sakuTari teqstis aTobiT variacia

weros? `es did Zalisxmevas moi-

Txovs. amgvari kolosaluri Sroma

uRirs ki vinmes?“ – kiTxvaze

kiTxviTve mpasuxobs gamomcemeli

bakur sulakauri. saubarSi kidev

ramdenime kiTxva ibadeba: am procesSi

rogor unda mixvdes mkiTxveli,

romeli versiaa `originali~,

anu romel siuJets ganaviTarebda

mwerali, mxolod misi arCevani rom

yofiliyo? Tu ukve esec mniSvnelobas

kargavs mkiTxvelisTvis? ra

emarTeba avtors?

`mwerlis `qarxanaSi~ mkiTxveli

Sedis~, _ uceb poulobs Sefasebas

sociologi emzar jgerenaia, roca

eleqtronuli wignebis momavalze

vuyvebi, _ `es avtoris sikvdils

niSnavs~, _ askvnis mere. manamde ki,

msjelobs:

`vin aris avtori? is TviTon wers

nawarmoebs Tu mas teqsts „akeTebineben“?

is mihyveba Tavis esTetikas

Tu sxvis esTetikas emorCileba? es

saintereso movlenaa da marketingulad

motivirebulic, rom mkiTxveli

mudmivad miaba Sens nawarmoebs.

Tanamedrove adamianis umTavresi

moTxovnileba xom aRiarebaa da Facebook-i

amis saukeTeso dadastu-

rebaa _ adamianebi Tavgadaklulebi

cdiloben, rogorme raime „daulaiqon“,

anu aRiaron. mwerlis saqmeSi

aseTi Carevac aRiarebis mopovebis

erT-erTi SesaZleblobaa. bolos

ki, Cven miviRebT saSualo statistikuri

adamianis gemovnebiT Seqmnil

nawarmoebs, romelic maRalmxatvruli

aRar iqneba. Tanamedrove

samyaroSi gadamwyvetia fuli da

Tu bazari moiTxovs, rom mweralma

amgvarad weros, raTa gadarCes bazarze

ara rogorc mwerali, aramed

rogorc garkveuli Semosavlis mqone

subieqti, am SemTxvevSi avtorebi,

albaT, airCeven am strategias~.

da teqnologiuri improvizaciebis

aseT cvalebad epoqaSi rogori

SeiZleba iyos qaRaldis wignis

momavali, an aqvs ki mas saerTod

momavali? iqneb beWduri wignebis

masobrivi kiTxvis Cveva sulac

bolo wlebs iTvlis. adamianebma

xom wigni ramdenjerme Secvales da

forma, romliTac dRes vicnobT

mas, iseTive pirobiTia, rogoricaa,

vTqvaT, Curingebi, qvebi, romlebsac

avstralielebi kiTxvisTvis

iyenebdnen, anda Sumeruli Tixis

firfitebi, egvipturi papirusebi,

Cinuri bambukis wignebi, evropuli

manuskriptebi da bolos _ rogoric

gutenbergis gamogonebaa?

swored gutenbergis gamogonebis

Semdeg Seicvala wigni revoluciurad.

is masobrivi, iafi da xelmisawvdomi

gaxda. adamianebmac moednebze,

sajaro kiTxva Sewyvites da

wignebTan ganmartovdnen... dRes

swored aseTi revoluciuri cvlilebebis

morigi epoqa dgas: bukrideri

beWdur wignebs anacvlebs,

kiTxvis dRemde CvenTvis cnobili

Cveva ki ixveweba da axla mis axal

maxasiaTeblad iTvleba is, rom waki-

Txuli wignis Sesaxeb STabeWdilebebi

sxvebs SegiZlia simulanturad

gauziaro: waikiTxo axlad dastambuli

romani eleqtronulad, iqve

gaakeTo komentari, mere sxvebs gauziaro,

sasurveli citata pirdapir

facebook-ze daposto, an Twitter-iT

gaavrcelo da naxo, ras fiqro-


en amerikeli, indoeli, Cineli da

evropeli adamianebi zustad im nawarmoebis

imave monakveTze...

`wigni am Tavis sakralur, mistikur

da romantikul mniSvnelobas,

albaT, dakargavs. yovel SemTxveva-

Si CemTvis droTa ganmavlobaSi is

namdvilad antikvarul nivTad iqceva,

Tumca dedaCemi mewinaaRmdegeba,

biblioTekaria da emociuri mogonebebi

aqvs wignebTan. misTvis Taroebze

wignebis dalagebac mTeli

xelovnebaa. deda ambobs, rom `wigni

mainc sul sxvaa~, rom sxvadasxvagvari

suni aqvs, furclebi Srialebs,

Tumca mgonia, rom sabolood amas

yvela daiviwyebs da „TaCebian samyaroSi~

wignis adgili aRar darCeba~,

_ ambobs qindlis Tayvanismcemeli

laSa, romelsac Amazon-is safirmo

mowyobilobam kiTxva Tavidan Seayvara.

Tumca, wignebis sunsa da furclebTan

Sexebis jadosnur gancdas, rogorc

raRac ukve gadaSenebis piras

myofsa da amitom _ nostalgiurs,

Cem garSemo uamravi adamiani epotineba.

ai, naTia _ meubneba, rom arasdros

daaviwydeba, rogor kiTxulobda

bavSvobaSi pirvelad `kale

blumkvistis Tavgadasavals~. `dResac,

astrid lindgrenis yvela wigni

erTnair emocias aRmiZravs da am

emocias Cemi bavSvobis suni aqvs. es

emocia amas winaT Zalian mZafrad vigrZeni,

roca bukinistebSi SemTxveviT

gadavawydi lindgrenis Zvel

gamocemas. es iyo „Cvenc saltkrokelebi

varT“, yviTelydiani wigni, romelic

dRemde sapatio adgils ikavebs

wignebis Taroze da erTi suli

maqvs, rodis wavakiTxeb Cems Svils~,

_ miyveba naTia. vuyureb naTias tkbili

mogonebebisgan gabadrul saxes,

wignebze laparakisas rom aqvs, da

Tan `sandros wignebis~ gamomcemlis,

sandro asaTianis naTqvami maxsendeba.

axal Taobas Screen Reader-ebs eZaxian,

anu ekranidan wamkiTxvelebso,

_ miTxra erTxel sandrom, _ Cven xom

ZiriTadad wignebidan vswavlobdiT

da informaciis didi nawili beWdu-

literaturuli procesi

ri teqstebidan gvaqvs miRebuli?

axali Taoba ki ukve ekranebidanac

swavlobs da informaciis ZiriTad

nawils swored sxvadasxva mowyobilobis

ekranebidan iRebs. Sesabamisad,

maTTvis eleqtronuli wigni

iseTive organuli da bunebrivi movlenaa,

rogorc CvenTvis _ Tabaxi.

naTias 2 wlis Svili hyavs, romelic

patara Screen Reader-ia da rogorc

ar unda ewyinos naTias, araa gamoricxuli

misi SvilisTvis nabeWdi wigni

iseTive gamousadegar nivTad iqces,

rogoric dRes egvipturi papirusebia.

ufro metic, 10 weliwadSi

mas SesaZloa, aRarc saskolo CanTa

hqondes. ataros planSeti, romelic

erTdroulad iqneba saxelmZRvaneloc,

rveulic, romliTac dabeWdavs,

gadaiRebs, daamontaJebs, naxavs

da moismens gakveTilebs.

Lit.ge-s damfuZnebeli, paata sirbilaZe

varaudobs, rom xuTiode

weliwadSi es revoluciuri literaturuli

procesi swored saganmanaTleblo

literaturiT daiwye-

New

8/10 Erekle II str. tel: 599 799 737. 8/10 Erekle II str. tel: 832 2985013, 599 674 488 : 3a Kazbegi Ave. tel: 599 101 238.

: 37 Abashidze str. tel: 591 681 000 9 Leonidze st. tel: 592 221 131. 2 Lagidze str. tel: 599 681 166

in Gldani

Gldani 2 Mkr. building N24

T: 592 411980


cxeli Sokoladi 75


literaturuli procesi

ba. bakur sulakauric meubneba,

rom saswavlo wignebi Zalian male

maqsimalurad interaqtiuli gaxdeba.

Tanamedrove teqnologiebis

wyalobiT, saxelmZRvanelo bavSvs

male ara marto aRuwers, magali-

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mere mas iqve, cunamis

videoebis naxvac SeeZleba da laboratoriuli

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moismens, unda waikiTxavs. `miTxari

da daviviwyeb, manaxe da davimaxsovreb,

gamakeTebine _ gavigeb. anu

gagonils nanaxi sjobs da nanaxs _

gakeTebuli~, _ ambobs sulakauri.

axali Taobis sabavSvo eleqtronuli

wignebis Seqmnaze misi gamomcemloba

ukve muSaobs da qarTuli

gasarTobi aplikaciebis gayidvasac

gegmavs.

ratom aRar agzavnian adamianebi

fostiT werilebs? weren, magram

eleqtronulad agzavnian. dRes

ukve imasac amboben, rom meilebis

raodenobac Semcirda, rom Cetebma

da socialurma qselebma eleqtronuli

werilic sikvdilis piras

miiyvana da mxolod mosawyeni, saqmiani

funqciebi dautova. maT, vinc

internets jer kidev saTaveebidan

icnobs, albaT, eleqtronul werilebTan

bevri emocia aqvs, iseve rogorc,

im gogonas, romelmac werils

pomadiani tuCebi daado, qaRalds

sunamo apkura da mere Seyvarebuls

gaugzavna... qaRaldis wignisTvis

damaxasiaTebeli es romantika albaT

merec iqneba, oRond _ mxolod

romantikisTvis.

`avtomobilis gamogonebam cxeni

ar gadaaSena, magram cxeni, rogorc

satransporto saSualeba, sagrZnoblad

Semcirda. daaxloebiT aseTi

bedi elis qaRaldis wignebsac: iar-

76 cxeli Sokoladi

sebebs, magram sxva daniSnulebis-

Tvis: iqneba garkveuli kategoriis

saCuqari, eqskluziuri nivTi, eRireba

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cxeni... SarSan pirvelad davbeWde

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vrceli teqstis xeliT dawera sibriyvea...

arada, 10-15 weli megona,

rom xeliT wera `sul sxvaa~. qaRaldis

wignis kiTxvac ufro Cvevaa,

romelic Cem SviliSvilebs SeiZleba,

aRarc hqondeT~, _ ambobs bakur

sulakauri.

miuxedavad amisa, albaT, bevri

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dro, roca eleqtronul

wignebze gazrdili Taoba sabWoTa

enciklopediebs _ axla rom bevri

qarTuli ojaxis Taroebs amSvenebs

_ sardafSi Caitans, an muzeums

gadascems; roca wigni samuzeumo

eqsponati gaxdeba. `imis Tqma,

rom eleqtronuli wigni qaRaldis

wigns ver Caanacvlebs, martivad _

Tavdacvaa. rodesac studentebTan

Sevdivar da maTTvis wigni mimaqvs,

pirveli kiTxva aseTia: SemiZlia

Tu ara es masala internetSi wavikiTxo?

konservatizmi da modernuloba

erTmaneTs yovelTvis

daupirispirdeba, magram adamiani

moqnili arsebaa, Cven veguebiT!~ _

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jgerenaia.

nawyveti sainformaico

gamoSvebidan. versia #1

msoflio axali tipis bukriderebze

alaparakda: eleqtronuli wamkiTxvelebis

axali mowyobilobebi

amieridan adamianebis ynosvis organozec

imoqmedeben da eleqtronuli

wignebis Tavisebur surnels

SesTavazeben maT. Tuki, magaliTad,

qindli gaqvT da axal eleqtronul

wigns CamotvirTavT, mas axlad nayidi

wignis suni eqneba, ukve moZvelebulebs

ki, Tqvens virtualur Taroze

mtveri daedeba da furclebi

droTa ganmavlobaSi gauyviTldeba.

axali Taobis bukriders kidev

erTi damateba aqvs: gadafurcvlis,

SariSuris xma. axali gajeti dRes

onlain maRazia Amazon-ma frankfurtis

wignis muzeumSi waradgina.

frankfurtis wignis muzeumi cota

xnis win gaixsna da masSi yvela is

nabeWdi wignia Tavmoyrili, romlebic

evropelma momxmareblebma

sanagveze moisroles. aqvea is wignebic,

romlebic ramdenime Tvis win

evropis wamyvani biblioTekebidan

gaitanes.

SegaxsenebT, ukve 3 Tvea, evropis

qveynebis biblioTekebi eleqtronul

reJimSi funqcionirebs da mki-

Txvelebs bukriderebiT momsaxurebas

sTavazobs.

nawyveti sainformacio

gamoSvebidan. versia #2

warumatebeli teqnologiuri

inovacia, Tu beWduri wignis

ukvdaveba? eleqtronuli wignebis

eiforia dasrulda. dRes kompania

`amazonma~ gavrcelebuli informacia

qindlis warmoebis Sewyvetis

Sesaxeb oficialurad daadastura.

SegaxsenebT, ramdenime dRis win

analogiuri gancxadeba eleqtronuli

wamkiTxvelebis sxva mwarmoeblebmac

gaakeTes. kompaniebi

amboben, rom Tanamedrove teqnologiebisa

da internetis ganvi-

Tarebis miuxedavad, adamianebma

beWduri wignebi ver daiviwyes da

kiTxvis tradiciul Cvevaze uari

ver Tqves. wignebis gulSematkivrebma

gamarjveba dRes frankfurtis

centrSi izeimes. gaxarebuli

mkiTxvelebi bukriderebs pirdapir

sanagveebSi yridnen. bolo

periodSi eleqtronuli wignebisa

da maTi wamkiTxvelebis raodenoba

katastrofulad Semcirda, ramac

ramdenime mwarmoeblis gakotrebac

gamoiwvia.


jon faulzis msgavsad, am teqstis

`gahiperlinkeba~ ar SemeZlo, amitom

mec moneta avagde da maTi Tanmimdevroba

am statiaSi ise ganvsazRvre...

arc erTi finali araa sicrue, an

simarTle, kargi, an cudi… irCevT

imas, romelic Tavad gsurT...


aka morCilaZe

sograta da abesalo

1977 wlis Sua Semodgomas, uqme dRes, yvelaze saxelovan

uqme dRes am qveyanaSi, cnobils Svidi noembris

saxeliT, raic imavdroulad iyo 25 oqtomberi,

rodesac petrogradSi moxda didi oqtombris

socialisturi revolucia, kar-fanjris xelosanma

sograt dafelaSvilma dilidanve cxeli souzi miir-

Tva, uyura mSromelTa demonstraciis da aRlumis

teletranslacias Tbilisidan da moskovidan da

ifiqra, raxan praznikis dRea, wesiT ki unda dalios

kacma, mara raRac siwynare Cans da martod ar miveZalebio

da erTi tkbilad gamoZineba gadawyvita.

axali miwolili iyo taxtze, roca dauZaxa er-

Tis gamotovebiT mcxovrebma mezobelma, abesalom,

gadmodio, aryis qvabi midgas da Cemi Zma da imisi

amxanagi arian mosulio, rame gavZiZgnoT, Cemma Zmam

samwvade amaitanao.

esa xdeboda naxalovkis ubanSi, farkofelis qu-

Caze, TavdaRmarTSi, romelic kidev erTi TavdaRmarTiT

Cadioda swored im oqtombris saxelobis

aveniuzed.

abesalos saarye qvabi daedga talaverSi, ukve SiSvela

lerwebs Sua da iqave iyo mwnilebi da sqlad

daWrili ormaneTiani yveli, xolo samwvades, mayalze

daatrialebda imis coli marexo. sograta adrec

icnobda abesalos ufros Zmas vigentas, romelic

avWalaSi cxovrobda da saxlsukan kai koxta marani

da bari hqonda mowyobili. is bari mere naxa sogratam,

vigentas gasvenebaSi ro mivida, manamde qeba

geegona.

vigenta da abesalo hgavdnen erTmaneTs, Savtuxebi

iyvnen, gamxdrebi, grZelebi, Txeli ulvaSebiT.

saavtoro

madaTaSvili

(romani)

ori nawyveti

oRond, vigenta ufro daberebuliyo.

im mesame kacs kide, vigentas amxanagi ro gamodga,

sograta ara cnobda.

abesalos kai saxlis arayi hqonda xolme.

exlac xdida metis codniT, Tan amaT ujda, Tan

cxlad mowanwkares uSverda patara Wiqebs. abesalos

Zveli, gaTlili Wiqebi SemorCenoda, Caisa ki ara,

ufro patara, Zvelebur rumoCniebSi ro iyo xolme.

sam-sami ki dalies da mwvadic movida. kai mwvadi

iyo, namdvil naxalovkurad gakeTebuli, Semodgomis

umzeo da odnav msusxav dRes, gareT, ezoSi.

is dRe naxalovkis dRe iyo da ai, ratomc:

naxalovkas maSin ewodeboda leninis raioni. anu

Zvelproletarul partiul gagebiT, mTavari da

upirvelesi raioni. ase ar xdeboda, ro raRacisTvis

haiaharad mieniWebinaT didi leninis saxeli. naxalovkas

es saxeli mieniWa misi arsisa da ruseTis

revoluciaSi wvlilis gamo. Zvel mefis dros is

gaxldaT Tbilisis muSaTa namdvili slabodka, sadac

adamianebi unebarTvod saxldebodnen da ewerebodnen

tfilisis proletariatis rigebSi. xolo

tfilisSi revoluciis mTavari alagi iyo rkinigzis

saxelosnoebi, imis mkvebavi ki naxalovkis ubani. amitomac,

mieniWa naxalovkas leninis saxeli.

revoluciidan swored samoci wlisTavzeac naxalovkaSi

bevri namdvili muSa cxovrobda, xolo

ieri misi iyo qalaqurad Sinauruli da soflurad

mimzidveli, Tavis Wkuaze naSeni, aRmarT-daRmarTebze,

baRebiTa da misaxvev-mosaxvevebiT, is gaxldaT

erTgvarad saukeTeso alagic ki, samezoblod da qalaquri

gagebis maradiulobis dasanaxavad.

oTxma kacma kidev, raxan miiRo sam-sami rumka da

cxeli Sokoladi 77


saavtoro

kai mwvadsac mieZala didi oqtombris socialistur

revoluciis gansakuTrebulad saiubileo mrgval

TariRze, rogorRac daatyo, rom am cxel-cxela

arays, qvabis tuCidan rom mowanwkarebs, cdac unda

da Wrac iseTi ara aqvs ro gegexardeba, raxan pirveli

xdisa aris.

eg araferio, madlierad ambobda abesalos Zmis

amxanagi, iseTebi damilevniao, iseTs mivtanebivaro,

gaWirveba manaxeo da fexsacmlis vaqsisgan gamomdinari

spirti damilevnia ruseTSi yofnisaso.

Zmebma ki icodnen, magram sogratam pirvelad Seityo,

ro es amxanagi, romelsac romana erqva, nacixari

yofiliyo axalgazrdobaSi. imis xelze danaxuli

nakolka sogratas arc Tavidan gahkvirvebia,

maT biWobaSi nakolkas yvela daikravda, an jarSi

an kidev skolis damTavrebisas da TviTonac hqonda

mklavze danas Semoxveuli gveli. romanas kidev marjvena

xelis TiTebze TiTo aso ewera r, o, m da a.

abesalom gamoitana SarSandeli arayi, da Camoasxes.

romana kidev gaerTo gaxsenebiT, rogorc xSiria

xolme da moigona yovelnairi nairgvarucnauri

sasmeli, rac cimbirs iqeTa adgilebSi moexerxebina

xalxs, raTa gamomTvraliyvnen. iseTebic sTqva da

aseTebic. adekalonisa amaTac icodnen, Sig ro marili

unda Cahyaro da uvargiss rom daleqavs da

spirtians ki calke dastovebs.

is iyo, abesalom xeli moavlo rumkas, raTa eTqva

morigi, meoTxe sadRegrZelo, rom uceb sogratama

uTxra:

_ maica, ara Tqva, erT rames gadmovitan...

_ age, arayi ar ari esa? _ Sewuxda abesalo, _ ra

unda gadmaitano, biWo...

_ maica, ra, Tqo... age, esa yveboda da amdeni gausinjia

da unaxams da aba, mec gagasinjeb, _ CqaraT

wamodga sograta, _ ixaros romanam… maicaT..

da waZunZulda WiSkrisken, oriod wuTSi ki mobrunda.

xelSi, ase, orasgramiani sawamale SuSiT,

Zvelad ro iodebi esxa da qafurebi, iseTiT, da

axlac bevr saxlSi SemorCeniliyo, viTarca gamZle

sawamle SuSa.

_ ehe... _ sTqva da kmayofilebiT dajda, _ aba, Wiqebi

maita.

WiqebSi isev esxa arayi, amitom, abesalom, age,

axalsa vxdi, davai, miasxi cecxlsao. miasxes, ifeTqa

da dawynarda.

sogratam frTxilad CamoarTva rumka abesalos

da SuSas Tavi moxada.

Wiqa TvalTan gaiswora da sul odnav Caasxa.

_ ehe, eyofa…_ sTqva kmayofilebiT da rumka abesalos

gauwoda.

_ rasa wuwaob, biWo? _ gaicina abesalom, iman ki

yuradReba ar miaqcia da im or danarCensac amdenive

Camousxa.

78 cxeli Sokoladi

_ es rogor davlio? enaze damadneba, _ Tqva abesalom.

_ swvavs? _ ikiTxa vigentamac, romanam ki rumkaSi

Casuna.

_ mismine exla. esa erTxel maq daleuli, zustaT

ori magdeni. angariSiT egrea, ro unda sami magdeni

da vsio, gatovi xar.…

_ gatovi xar? _ gaocden eseni.

_ gatovi xar. me ara vyofilvar gatovi, magram

erTma egre damatriala. gasasinjad davlie… magis

norma eg ari. vinc mamca, egre miTxra.

_ spirtia? _ ikiTxa romanam.

_ kamfetia, _ miugo sogratam, _ rogorc siropiani

wyali, ise dalev. abesalom kidev aRar usmina

amaT gansjebs, daujerebelis CaRimebiT aswia rumka

da Tqva:

_ oTxi saxareba Segvewios.

gadahkra ukanmouxedavad is mciredi da moxeda

samives:

_ ha?

_ if, _ Tqva vigentam _ raRaca balaxzea dayenebuli...

_ sivuxa ara aqvs… fabriCni spirtia, viSi kacis-

Tvis, _ daurTo romanam.

_ vambobdi, ege…_ gaamayda sograta, _ maica jera.

cota daacade…

sogratas arayi marTlac da ucnauroba iyo. aranairi

saarye uxerxulobani imas ara sdevda. marTla

enaze dadna.

xaraSo da mala, _ Tqva rusulad romanam.

_ ap, eg ari magis zoma, _ xelisguli daanaxva sogratam,

_ sami sadRegrZelo mainc xo unda vTqvaT?

mets ver izam... wagvaqcevs...

_ bombia? _ hkiTxa isev, romanam.

_ daacale...

da daacades marTla, wauWames da maslaaTSi, uceb

abesalom Tqva:

_ Wra aq, xo ici, raRacnairad egre var, Cair-Camaiara,

_ da wamosxmul telegreikis SigniT Seiyo

xeli tanis mosazelaT, viTom aq Caiar-Camoairao.

_ ki, ki, _ daeTanxma vigentac.

_ maita meorec, _ moyoCaRda uceb sograta, romelic

aRtacebas vera malavda misi sasmelis gamar-

TlebiT da isev CamoawveTa rumkebSi.

_ xuTi saxareba Segvewios, _ Tqva abesalom.

_ saxareba oTxia, biWo, _ ar daeTanxma Zma.

_ saxareba bevria, biWo, ramdensac ityvi, imdenia,

RmerTs geexardeba, _ papiseuli xumroba moigona

abesalom da gadauSva.

_ karqa midis.…

_ Caayole, mainc Caayole, _ urCia vigentam.

dalies da ratomRac CaCumdnen. aRarc svamdnen da

aRarca Wamdnen. ijdnen ase. erTi, abesalo wamodga


qvabze SeSis SesakeTeblad, Zabri gauswora boTlas

saaryes RarTan da waborZikda.

_ vax, _ Tqva Semcbarma.

_ ra iyo, biWo, xo ar mogartya, _ hkiTxa ZaliZalad

vigentam.

abesalom araferi upasuxa, movida da dajda.

_ udari aq, _ waiburtyuna romanam, xolo sogratam

veRaraferi Tqva, mxolod win dadgmul SuSas

xeli waatana, oRond vigentam gaaCera xeliTve, aRar

daasxao.

ase darCnen, titvela talavers qveS. es bare ormocdaaTze

metis kacebi da dumdnen. SeSa waitkacanebda

xolme da es iyo. marexom ro gamoixeda kuxnidan,

SeSinda.

gamovida, daadga Tavze da hkiTxa oTxives, TvalebgaSterebulebs:

_ daiTveriT biWo? rasa gevxarT...

_ araaa, _ amoTqva abesalom.

_ ar gacivdeT aqa, dayrilebi, _ Tqva marexom da

SeSa SeukeTa qvabs _ es arayi deedineba aqa, gadmova.

amis yaraulic gamxadeT exla…

ise ki am sogratas arays ioli gamosvla codniyo.

TandaTan ifxizles, viTom araferiao.

jer vigentam, mere romanam, mere amaTac.

_ ha, rogori yofila, _ Tqva sogratam isev amayad,

saavtoro

viTom araferi momxdariyo, _ erT rumkaSic SeiZleba,

mara samSi gaanawileo, egre miTxres…

_ Tofia, ra, _ Tqva vigentam _ ranairi matyuaraa.

_ Tan haerze. haerze mogvca, _ aRniSna abesalom, _

paxmelia var, unamuso viyo.…

_ gaxsoms rame? _ hkiTxa vigentam.

abesalom Tavi dauqnia.

_ raRacebsa vfiqrobdi, _ Tqva vigentam, _ viTom

CemTan baRSi xalxi davpatiJe. Tqvenc iq iyaviT da

sufra gavSale, viTom samoTxe iyo…

_ qeifi giyvars, _ mxarze xeli dahkra sogratam,

_ mec egre vifiqre, ro Sen dampatiJe da purmarili

gamarTe.…

marexom ki, raxan dainaxa, ro eseni ukve gons mosuliyvnen,

winaswar namzadzec dapatiJa: mixvda,

ifxizleben da ueWvel cxeli wvniani eamebaTo da

TaTariaxnad, Zvali hqonoda da is adreve Caedga mosaxarSad,

ukve cotac da mzad iyo.

tkbilad Sexvripes is cxare wveni, TiTo abesalos

wveTic Caayoles da moviden isev xasiaTze.

_ eg ra gvalevina, _ Tqva xalisiT vigentam _ movyve,

ar demejereba.

_ eg sasmeli vin mogca? _ hkiTxa uceb sogratas

romanam, romelic mTeli es dro Cumad iyo.

_ eex, _ xeli aiqnia sogratam, _ weliwadia maqvs.

cxeli Sokoladi 79

foto levan xerxeuliZe


saavtoro

ro mamces, gavsinje da eg iyo, SkafSi Cavde, gogoebs

uTxari xeli ar axloT, arc vinmes gamoutanoT. dasalevaT…

maCuqes. erTma kacma maCuqa.…

_ ra kacia? _ hkiTxa isev romanam.

_ aRarc ari cocxali. Zlivas dadioda. mofor-

Cxili kaci iyo. mara didi naswavli. Cemi gogo xo

abarebda puSkinis umaRelsSi... meewyo.

xoda is kaci amacadinebda istorias. imasTan dadioda.

erTma migvaswavla. didi naswavli kaci iyo,

mara invalidi. Cvenze xniani kaci iyo. kargaT amecadinebda.

SarSan kide axal wlebze, vifiqre, sawyali

kacia, maswalebeli kacia, aseTi ganaTlebuli da

saaxalwlod Cavulage da avutane: goWi, indouri...

rogorc ari… Zaan geexarda… ardadegi morCa, gaige

Sena, da Cemma gogom isev daiwyo imasTan siaruli.

karqaT aswavla. istoriaSi xuTiani miiRo. xoda, movida

Cemi gogo da moitana gaxveuli.

gavxseni esa, _ SuSas miaTiTa sogratam _ zed kide,

reziniT aq qaRaldi Semokruli. im qaRaldSi kide,

lamazi xeliT weria. pativcemulo sograti, Tu rogorc

ari, madlobao, esao, isao, da miiRe Cemgan es

galerea

80 cxeli Sokoladi

Sako nikva

`Sen~, fanqari, tuSi, 2012

patara saCuqario. es ario sxvanairi gemos sasmelio

da bevri ar Seilebao. mokleT, rogorc davasxi, rogorc

ewera… eg iyo, ra. mere Cemi gogo moewyo. is

aRarc minaxavs. erTxelac, age, fridonasTan daurekiaT,

mokvdao da aveli gasvenebaSi. amagi hqonda.

fridonas nomeri gvqonda datovebuli. aba, Cven telefoni

ara gvaq…

_ xo, ar gvidgamen telefonebsa, _ amoioxra abesalom,

_ yovel weliwads meToTxmete var rigSi.

_ me kide meTormete, _ CaixiTxiTa sogratam, _

samasi maneTi unda qrTamaT… miitan, sam TveSi dagidgamen.

ar mivitan. raT mivitan? age, fridonas aq

da iq darekon.…

_ eg arayi ar ari, _ Tqva ucbaT romanam.

_ he, aba, ra ari? _ hkiTxa abesalom.

_ raRaca sxva nastoikaa… dayenebulia raRaca.

_ hoo, eg aba aRar vici, _ Tqva vigentam.

_ magaSi misxali spirti ar ari, _ mtkiced aRniSna

romanam.

sogratam kidev aiCqara, waval exlao, age, ra dro

gasulao, es ki daurTo, sulac ar vici, ra ari, kacma

maCuqa da naCuqars sinjvas xo ar davuwyebdi, gavsinje

da kai gamodgao.

_ kai, kai, marTla kai gamodga, _ gaxalisda vigenta.

sogratam Tavis SuSas xeli moavlo, sinaTleze gaxeda,

ramdeni darCa Sigo da qurTukis ubisken gaaqana.

_ maita, ra, oqro, napasaSok, erTic damisxi, _ warmoTqva

moulodnelad romanam.

sogratam ZalisZalad CaiRima, SuSa ubidan amoiRo,

romanas Wiqa isev TvalTan gaiswora da frTxilaT

CamoawveTa.

_ midi, oqro, midi, ar dainano, _ CaixiTxiTa romanam

_ iseTi damitove, sami porciis zomisa iyos.

_ heeee… ki ar menaneba, _ waiburtyuna sogratam _

xo naxe, rac ari? isec wagaqcevs.

mere, Wiqa romanas gauwoda, boTli isev ubeSi Caibruna

da Tqva:

_ gaixare, abesalo. madloba… aba, karqaT gnaxeT.

vigent, nu degvekargebi xolme… _ da wavida okrobokroT

WiSkrisken.

es iyo noemberi, Svidi ricxvi didi zeimis dRe.

gahqra

gazafxulis erT mSvenier saRamos, rodesac mTels

farkofelis quCaze ukve ayvavilebuliyo atmebi da

tyemlebi da saxlebis win Camomsxdariyvnen dedakacebi

da maT winaSe miwaSi moCiCqnave SviliSvilebs

zantad SeuZaxebdnen xolme, ise ki erTmaneTSi maslaaTiT

iyvnen garTuli, karakoSkis xelosani, sxvanairaT

ki, durgali sograta, Sin daRlili mobrunda.

Cumi salmiT Caiara quCaze da Sin Sevida. skamze


damjdarma zantad gaiZro fexsacmeli, Sevida SuSabandSi

da pirdapir, uTqmelad dawva taxtze, coli

ki gamoegeba da daiRaleo?

sograta daiRala, meoTxe dRe iyo, erTi binis xeze

muSaobda.

_ sWame rame? _ hkiTxa nadiam, misma colma.

_ ki, karqi xazeikaa, _ Tqva sogratam da Wers gaaStera

Tvali.

_ maica, exla gaWmev, _ Tqva nadiam, da daRlilma

sogratam gaigona gazis cecxlis abrialebis xma kuxnidan.

es xma iyo da moisma ezodanac:

_ nadoo, nadooo…

nadiam uceb gamoirbina SuSabandSi da fanjridan

dainaxa mosuli.

_ Semo, marexo.…

_ gamo, gamo… _ moisma ezodan.

nado gavida da erT-or sekundSi Semovida mwvaneT.

dajda skamze da gaixeda arsad.

_ biWo, _ Tqva wamxdari xmiT _ vigenta auyvaniaT.

_ haaa, raTa…_ wamojda sograta.

_ coli mosula exla. ver daureknia..

_ faaaaaa, _ gaikvirva sogratam _ vigentas ra unda

deeSavebina.

_ uSiSroeba yofila. organo ki ara.

_ feeeh… _ sogratma aRarc icoda, ra eTqva.

_ exla fridonasTan Sesula marexo, atekaSi daureknia…

smenas adre aTavebdao da SiSiT daurekia..

_ haaa? _ TiTqos ver mixvda sograta.

_ abesaloc ayvanilia.

_ maSina dauyenebia atekaSi da Turme iq elodeboden…

auyvaniaT…

sogratma piri gaaRo da ase darCa.

_ ra unda iyos, ha? _ TiTqos Tavis Tavs hkiTxa

nadiam.

es sTqva da gaisma WiSkris xma.

nadia wamoxta isev marexos Sesagebeblad, gamoaRo

kari da pirkatacemuli gaCerda karis saRebs moWidebuli.

_ sogroo… _ Tqva ase.

_ ha, _ esRa moaswro sogratam da gaigona ucnobi

xma:

_ dafelaSvili sograt darCias Ze… saxlSia?

gogoebs TiTqos gulma ugrZnoo, gamosuliyvnen

da gaCerebuliyvnen kedelTan.

nadiam gza utia mosul kacs, romelsac ruxi pijaki

ecva da romelic marto ar iyo, orni mohyvebodnen.

ukve bindbundi idga.

sograta wamodga, mTeli daRliloba TiTqos isev

moemata.

_ sograt, _ furcels Cascqeroda kaci _ dafelaSvili…

Tqven xarT?

saavtoro

sogratam Tavi dauqnia.

kacma pijakis wina jibidan wiTeli sabuTi amoiRo,

daanaxva da Tqva:

_ uSiSroebis kapitani gia eraZe, unda wamogvyveT,

ramdenime SekiTxva unda dagisvaT…

mere kidev raRaca qaRaldi amoiRo da nadias daanaxva.

_ gaecaniT da xeli moawereT… Cxrekis orderia…

mowmeebi moiyvaneT? _ gadaxeda ukan myofebs.

_ ki, ki.…

SuSabandidan nadia xedavda, rogor moaCiqCiqebdnen

fridonas cols da Saqros Cxrekaze dasaswreb

mowmeebad.

_ Tqven CaicviT, unda wamogvyveT.

_ vaime Cem Tavs, _ Sebarbacda ucbad nadia da gogoebi

ecnen acremlebulni, xelis SesaSveleblad.

_ nu aReldebiT, qalbatono… _ Tqva kapitanma gia

eraZem _ saxli vis saxelzea? sabinao wigni sad aris?

modiT, biWo, daiwyeT, _ uTxra iq myofebs.

ezoSi erTi rva muSaki yofiliyo ukve, Tavidan samni

egonaT.

_ tuflebs Cavicom, _ Tqva xmadabla sogratam.

nadia ki uecriv gonsmosuli moswyda adgils da

Tqva:

_ exlav Caualagef, exlav, ori sekundi, ar waiyvanoT,

ar waiyvanoT jera. isedac ferdebi stkiva, samuSao

aqs egeTi...

uazrod aaZro adiala taxts da boxCis gamokvra

daiwyo.

_ ar unda, qalbatono… Zveli dro ki ar ari, _

Tqva uceb gia eraZem, _ SekiTxvebi gvaqvs. ki ar

viWerT… daiwyeT…

SuSabandSi daRvremil-TavCaxrili Semoviden Saqro

da fridonas coli. viTom samZimarze idgnen.

aba, ra eqnaT?

sami muSaki nel-nelaT Seudga saqmes. sograta kide

isev Cajda gaoflianebuli da esRa Tqva:

_ qalo, uSvi mag boxCas… tufli mame…

gareT sami manqana idga. ori Jiguli da erTic

volga. mezoblebi SeyuJuliyvnen, albaT, WiSkrebs

iqidan iWyitebodnen.

sograta volgaSi, ori kacis SuaSi Caisves. meore

manqanac gamohyvaT. is mCxrekelebi ki darCnen.

sogratas fulebs isini ver miagnebden. saxlSi ar

iyo. saraiaSi iyo.

sxva vin icis? sograta Relavda. ifiqra, uCemod

Cems saxls rad Cxreken, rad ar momacdevineso, magram

uSiSroebas ras moedavebi? kapitani gia eraZe

win ijda, sigarets abolebda da arafers ambobda.

TbilisSi ukve daRamebuli iyo, Ramis Suqebi ana-

Tebda.

sogratam aRarc ki icoda, ra eqna da rogor.

ra undaTo? _ ase fiqrobda.

cxeli Sokoladi 81


moTxroba

82 cxeli Sokoladi


konveiruli meTodis zogadi principebi

(ciklidan `sanapiros quCis ambebi~)

avtori gela Cqvanava

ilustracia maia sumbaZe

dodo basilaias colisdis mier

erTi Tvis win soflidan Camoyvanili

dodos sidedri, raisa Turnava, Tav-

Sals SublTan rom ikravda sakmaod

msxvili kvanZiT, ZiZarias quCaze, sadac

dodos qvisli cxovrobda, lift-

Si gaiWeda, SiSisa da sircxvilisagan

xma ver amoiRo (egona lifti misi mizeziT

gafuWda) da im ormoci wuTis

ganmavlobaSi, rac iq gaatara, mTeli

Tavisi cxovreba gaixsena. rogorc

wyalSi damaxrCvals, sikvdilamde wamiT

adre, kinoqronikasaviT gaurbens

Tvalwin ganvlili cxovreba, swored

ise daemarTa raisasac da xelmeored

ganicada, ormoci wlis winaT gardacvlili

Cvidmeti wlis vaJiSvilis da

sami wlis win gardacvlili, oTxmocdaori

wlis qmris sikvdili. xolo

mas Semdeg, rac liftis tyveobidan

daixsnes, kategoriuli toniT ganacxada,

mravalsarTulian korpusSi

cxovrebas sikvdili mirCevniao.

dodo basilaias colma, nazim, deda

TavisTan wamoiyvana. raisa Turnavas

kerZo saxlSi gadmoyvanam pirvel

dRes xasiaTi gamoukeTa, magram Semdeg

isev moiwyina.

erT mSvenier dilas ki, dodo basilaiam

samsaxurSi wasvlis win sidedrs

hkiTxa, Tu raze dardobda ase dausruleblad.

_ imaze vfiqrob, Tu ra warmavalia

cxovreba, gaxedv-gamoxedvasac

ver moaswreb, rom ukve beberi xar,

marilebisgan orad mokuntuli. Tu

ar gagimarTla da Cemi biWiviT adre

waxvedi am qveynidan, maSin gamodis

rom cxovreba wamic ar yofila da

arafrad ar Rirebula, _ Tqva raisa

Turnavam.

_ amaze aqamde ar gifiqria? _ gaoceba

ver damala dodo basilaiam.

_ rogor ara, magram qalaqma ufro

damafiqra, _ gamotyda raisa. _ sofelSi

fiqris dros ar vaZlevdi

Tavs... erTi saTxovari maqvs SenTan

da Semisrule...

_ sofelSi ver wagiyvan, zamTari

modis, iq marto ver gaZleb! _ wyali

gadauwura dodom sidedrs.

raisa Turnavam, romelic gardacvlil

Svilze dards ise daelia, rom

siZes mxrebamde Zlivs swvdeboda, dodos

mSrali bebruli Rimili SeanaTa.

_ erTi kviriT mainc wamiyvaneT, _

iTxova man. _ ase erTbaSad ver SeveCvevi

qalaqs, sul ar mesmis aqaurobis.

Seni qvislis binis fanjridan

samkervalo fabrika moCanda,

samasi qali muSaobs im fabrikaSi

or cvlad. ganaTlebuli kacia Seni

qvisli, magram Sen ufro Wkviani da

dakvirvebuli xar Cemi xazeiniviT,

acxonos RmerTma... erTi raRaca

minda gkiTxo da ar damcino, erTi

ubiri qali var...

_ gismen, _ mosasmenad moemzada

dodo, mas gulwrfelad ecodeboda

dardisagan galeuli da marilebis

dagrovebisagan mokuntuli sidedri.

_ Seni qvislisTvis, an misi colis-

Tvis rom mekiTxa, SeiZleba daecinaT.

Zalian ganaTlebul xalxad moaqvT

Tavi, ar unda vambobde sakuTar qaliSvilze

amas, magram asea da ra vqna...

_ ar dagcineb! _ dahpirda dodo

sidedrs.

_ samkervalo fabrikaSi, qalebi xalaTebs

rom keraven, ratom ar SeiZleba

is xalaTebi saxlebSi waiRon, iq

Sekeron da mere Caabaron. Tan ojaxs

ar moswydebian da qmar-Svilsac mixedaven.

Zalian mainteresebs es ambavi!

_ imitom, rom konveiruli meTodiT

muSaoben _ erTi jibes akerebs, meore

saxeloebs, mesame Rilebs da ase ufro

swrafad keTdeba saqme, _ rogorc See-

moTxroba

Zlo ise auxsna dodom sidedrs saqmis

viTareba.

raisa Turnavam muSaobis konveiruli

meTodis arsis da upiratesobis

bevri veraferi gaigo, magram siZis-

Tvis xaTris gamo meti kiTxva aRar

dausvams, mxolod amoioxra.

_ erTi saTxovari maqvs kidev Sen-

Tan, magram mTlad didi. Tu SeiZleba

Cemi sikvdilis Semdeg saxli mTlianad

Sen daitove, agarakad gamogadgeba.

ezo-karis Rirebulebis naxevari

geqneba mxolod qvislisTvis misacemi...

Zalian gauxardeba Seni cxonebuli

simamris sulsac. Zalian uyvardi

rom icode, Wkviani kaciao, ambobda

Senze. Seni qvisli xom umaRlesgana-

Tlebulia, magram magaze ar uTqvams,

Wkvianiao. Seni qvislis xelSi is saxli

da ezo sul mTlad gaverandeba.

_ movifiqreb rames, _ gaurkveveli

pasuxi gasca dodo basilaiam da samzareuloSi

gavida.

raisa Turnavam ki sicocxlis muxanaTur

warmavlobaze ganagrZo fiqri.

samzareuloSi gasulma dodom otia

bendelianisagan nayid macivars Sexeda,

karebze webovani naxatebis kvali

rom aCnda da imaze gaifiqra, mas biWi

rom hyoloda, am macivris kari axla

mTlianad avtomanqanebis aseve webovani

naxatebiT iqneboda aWrelebuli.

_ konveiruli meTodi ra aris? _

hkiTxa raisam siZisa da qaliSvilis samsaxurSi

wasvlis Semdeg Tavis SviliSvils,

ToTxmeti wlis nailis, zogjer

sruliad uadgilod rom gadaikiskisebda,

inglisuris repetitorTan siaruls,

solfejioze misvla erCivna da

violinos formis yulabaSi, ager ori

Tve iyo, rac fuls agrovebda, raTa

iseTive moduri botasebi eyida, rogorc

misi inglisuris repetitoris

wvivebsqel student qaliSvils ecva.

cxeli Sokoladi 83


moTxroba

_ magi rogor ar ici, bebia? _

sayvedurs ratomRac uazro kiskisi

moayola nailim. _ erT xazad rom

dalagdebian muSebi da agurebs rom

gadaawodeben erTmaneTs, eg aris konveiruli

meTodi.

_ Cems axalgazrdobaSi mase manqanebs

vtvirTavdiT CaiT, Tu nawvimari

iyo da manqana aRmarTis bolos Cais

plantaciamde ver amodioda, _ SeniSna

raisam. _ axla kidev im meTodiT xalaTebs

keraven. ex, rogor garTulda

cxovreba!

nailim bebias SeniSvnaze kidev er-

Txel gadaikiskisa, magnitofoni mTel

xmaze CarTo da qeCis naWrebze Semdgarma

mastikawasmuli iatakis moprialeba

daiwyo cekva-cekviT.

_ sasargeblos sasiamovnos vuxameb,

_ ganucxada man bebias. _ dedam damibara

iataki moaprialeo, me kidev

cekva mominda.

raisam kakafoniuri musikisTvis

rom ar esmina, gadawyvita gareT gasuliyo

da ezo daegava.

rogorc ki grZeltariani cocxi

daikava da dagvas Seudga, Tavisi qmris

ojaxSi gatarebuli pirveli dReebi

moagonda. maSinac gviani Semodgoma

idga, ezoSi didi msxlis xe idga da

galerea

84 cxeli Sokoladi

misi foTlebiT mTeli ezo mofeniliyo.

raisa Tan tiroda da Tan ezos

gvida dildilaobiT. imitom tiroda,

rom saSinlad ar moswonda qmris saxleulebi,

dedamTil-mamamTili da

erTmaneTze qilika sami muli. raisas

maTi Rimili saSinlad abnevda da

yvelaferi xelidan ucvioda. dedamTil-mamamTili

SeSfoTdnen, Zalian

dabneuli rZali gvyavso, mulebma

ki, mTeli dReebi sarkis win trialis

mets rom arafers akeTebdnen; eWvic

ki gamoTqves, Cvens rZals Cveni Zma ki

ara, viRac sxva uyvars, masze fiqrobs

da dabneulic imitom ariso. raisac

eWviani gaxda, eCveneboda, rom gamudmebiT

masze Woraobdnen.

_ ratom tiri, bebia? _ moesma raisas

SviliSvilis xma.

loyebawiTlebuli da cekviT daRlili

naili aivanze idga da suls

iTqvamda.

_ Zalian mZime cxovreba gamoviare

da imitom, _ upasuxa raisam.

_ mere magaze axla tiri? _ gaocda

naili.

_ aba, maSin satirlad sad mecala.

roca moicli, maSin unda itiro.

arasodes miwuwunia, hoda, tirilis

ufleba mainc maqvs! _ Tqva raisam.

Sako nikva

`daSla~, fanqari, tuSi, 2012

_ itire, Tu Zalian ginda! _ dauyvava

nailim bebias da saxlSi Sebrunda.

raisam ki dagva ganagrZo da Tavis

gauxarel warsulze rom ar efiqra da

amis gamo ar etira, isev konveirul

meTodze dafiqrda.

WiSkars sanapiros quCis fostalioni,

imave quCeli Tengiz qajaia moadga.

fostalioni keTili kaci iyo, raisam

da man umal gauges erTmaneTs, radgan

orives Svili daRupvodaT.

_ rogor brZandebiT, qalbatono

raisa? _ miesalma fostalioni raisas

da WiSkris cxaurSi gazeTebis Sekvra

gaakvexa. _ ratom xarT ase mowyenili?

raisam imis saCveneblad, rom qaliSvilisa

da siZisgan ar iyo nawyeni,

fostalionis dasanaxad mokrZalebulad

gaiRima.

_ Zalian garTulda cxovreba, _

SesCivla man fostalions. _ ise Zalian

garTulda, rom bevri raRacis

ar mesmis. ai, magaliTad, verafri gavuge

konveirul meTods. Tqven gecodinebaT,

sul gazeTebSi xarT.

_ rogor agixsnaT... _ cota ar iyos

daibna `sul gazeTebSi myofi~ fostalioni.

_ ai, magaliTad, am quCas

xom xedavT, aq dasawyisidan bolomde

gorgolaWebze Toki rom iyos gabmuli,

me rom quCis TavSi davdge, dasarigebeli

gazeTebi Tokze mivamagro

sarecxis SpilkebiT da gorgolaWebi

davatrialo, gazeTebis patronebi kidev

WiSkarTan daxvdnen TavianT gaze-

Tebs da xsnidnen... daaxloebiT amdagvari

raRacaa.

raisa konveiruli meTodis principis

axleburma axsnam Zalian daabnia.

_ uyure Sen! _ wamoiZaxa man. _ mase

Cems axalgazrdobaSi xis morebs acurebdnen

mdinariT, axla ki xalaTebs

keraven... mdinaris gayolebaze kidev

saxerxebi da SeSis damamzadebeli

fardulebi idga. saficre morebs

erTi naWdevi hqonda, saSeSes ori da

meSeSeebic da meficreebic TavianT

morebs advilad arCevdnen erTmaneTisagan,

magram zogjer meSeSeebi

eSmakobdnen da saficre morebic TavianTvis

amohqondaT kauWiani joxebiT.

saSinlad waCxubdebodnen xolme

meSeSeebi da meficreebi erTmanTTan...


aqac rom ase iyos, sxvis gazeTebs ar

waiRebdnen aqaurebi?

fostalioni dafiqrda, jibidan papirosi

amoiRo da mezoblis saxlebs

Tvali moavlo.

_ waiRebdnen, magram erTmaneTis gasapampuleblad!

_ brZana man bolos.

_ ex, rogor garTulda cxovreba! _

amoioxra raisam da Seetyo, rom konveiruli

meTodis veraferi gaigo.

***

lamazad CamoRamda.

raisa aivanze ijda, mZime mogonebebisagan

Tavatkiebuli tirilisagan

Tavs gaWirvebiT ikavebda da zRvis

Srials ismenda. ratomRac darwmunebuli

iyo, rom zRva massaviT cud

xasiaTze brZandeboda.

WiSkari nasvamma dodo basilaiam SemoaRo.

_ sidedrs vaxlavar! _ Zalian yoCa-

Rad daiZaxa man, saxlisken gamoemarTa

da sidedris gverdiT mokalaTda.

_ Tu ici, ra giTxra, Cemo sidedro?..

_ tkbilad gaiRima dodo basilaiam.

_ Sen rom konveiruli meTodis

veraferi gaige, mTelma quCam icis!

_ saidan? _ gaocda raisa Turnava.

_ konveiruli meTodiT gadaeca

Wori! _ auxsna dodo basilaiam sidedrs.

_ am diliT, etyoba, Sen romeliRac

mezobels hkiTxe, konveiruli

meTodi ra ariso, im mezobelma meore

mezobels uTxra, ase da asea saqme,

dodos sidedri konveirul meTods

ikvelevso, meorem mesames moaxsena,

mesame meoTxes CasCurCula yurSi, meoTxem

mexuTes CaawveTa da wavida ase

krugSi, sanam me ar gavige. hoda, eg

aris konveiruli meTodi.

_ mainc veravin amixsna gasagebad,

ras niSnavs es wyeuli konveiruli me-

Todi! _ daiCivla raisam.

dodo basilaiam jer amoixvneSa, Semdeg

amoioxra.

_ etyoba, verc gaigeb! _ TavisTvis

Cailaparaka man da maSinve enaze ikbina,

radgan moulodnelad sidedrma

naTqvami gaigo.

_ davTveri, amis deda vatire! _

Tavi imarTla dodom.

raisa Turnava Seecada ar daemCnia,

rom siZis naTqvami guls moxvda, magram

ver SeZlo.

_ oRond Cven viyoT kargad da konveirul

meTods moukvda patroni! _

xeli Caiqnia dodo basilaiam da dasa-

Zineblad gaemarTa.

im Rames raisa Turnavas msxlis damWknari

foTlebiT mofenili didi

ezo esizmra _ qmris mamiseuli saxlis

ezo, romelsac axalgaTxovili dildilaobiT

gvida xolme. im sizmar-

Si raisa TiTqos axalgazrda iyo da

tiroda _ tiriliTa da ezos dagviT

ioxebda guls. cremlebisagan aseTi

Sveba arasodes ugrZvnia rogorc am

sizmarSi. siZis mier uxeSad naTqvamic

agondeboda da tirils umatebda...

swored tiriliT aResrula Zil-

Si gaparuli raisa Turnava im Rames.

gardacvlils ki Zalian mSvidi saxe

hqonda da arc etyoboda, rom siZis

uxeSad naTqvami imqveynad javrad

waiyola. an, SeiZleba arc wayolia da

sikvdilamde cota xniT adre gadauara

wyenam.

dodo basilaiam ki, romelsac simarTle

rom iTqvas, manamde sidedrisTvis

arasodes uwyeninebia, sindisis

qenjna igrZno da dananebiT

aRniSna, Cemi sidedri ise wavida am

qveynidan, rom konveiruli meTodis

veraferi gaigoo. mezoblebma am ambavs

kudi gamoabes, dodom iqilikao,

amtkicebdnen. magram dodo basilaias

ar uqilikia, radgan is, rogorc ukve

vTqviT, sindisis qenjnas ganicdida...

korida, anu bediswera

(ciklidan `sanapiros quCis ambebi~)

kaxa paWkorias, mamamisiviT, ubnis

rwmunebul otia paWkoriasaviT, ficx,

magram misve msgavsad miamiturad ke-

Tili gulis biWs, gazafxulis erT

mSvenier dRes moeCvena, rom RmerTs

is imisTvis gaeCina, raTa erTi Tavisi

Tanakurseli TeTrpiriskaniani

da cisferTvaleba gogo gaebednierebina

imiT, rom yovel diliT mis

mier pirdapir loginSi morTmeuli

yava exvripa. magram, aRmoCnda, rom

TeTrpiriskanian da cisferTvaleba

gogos sakuTar bedTan dakavSirebiT

moTxroba

sul sxva gegmebi hqonda, romlis

ganxorcielebas is kaxa paWkoriaze

gacilebiT ganaTlebuli, gacilebiT

simpaTiuri da, rac mTavaria, kaxa

paWkoriaze sul cota erTi TaviT

maRali biWis saSualebiT apirebda,

romelic Turme hpirdeboda, rom

Tanamecxedres yavas TviTon miarTmevda

loginSi. rogorc cnobilia, bedi

praqtikosebs ufro swyalobT xolme.

kaxa paWkoria ki praqtikosi iyo da,

rogorc ki gaecno TeTrpiriskanian

da cisferTvaleba gogos manerul

ocnebebs, maSinve mixvda, rom mis mosaxiblad

cota Sansebi hqonda. amitomac

man Tavisi ocnebis gansaxorcieleblad,

anu colis mier pirdapir

loginSi morTmeuli yavis surneliT

dasatkbobad, TeTpiriskaniani da cisferTvaleba

gogo moitaca. TeTrpiriskanian

da cisferTvaleba gogos,

rogorc yvela qedmaRal, pretenziul

da meocnebe arsebas, utifroba

abnevda da Trgunavda. is kaxa paWkorias

utifarma saqcielma imdenad da-

Trguna, rom motacebidan sul raRac

erT saaTSi Zalian advilad dasTanxmda

colobaze da qorwilis dRec

male dainiSna.

asmaT paWkoriam, kaxas dam da profkavSiris

liderma, romelic gaTxovebis

survilsa da zedmet energias

swraf siarulsa da sazogadoebrivi

saqmeebis patiosnad SesrulebaSi

xarjavda, Tavisi xeliT Seavso mezoblebisaTvis

gankuTvnili qorwilSi

mosawvevi baraTebi da isini sanapiros

quCis calxela fostalions gaatana

dasarigeblad. mosawvevebze adresatebi,

Semoklebuli variantiT, `b-on~ebad,

an `q-on~-ebad ki ar iyvnen moxseniebulni,

rogorc es Cveulebriv

xdeboda xolme msgavs SemTxvevaSi,

aramed mimarTvis forma sruli saxiT,

anu, `baton~-ad da `qalbaton~-ad iyo

aRniSnuli, ramac sanapiros quCelebs

afiqrebina, rom asmaT paWkoria, profkavSiris

perspeqtiuli Cinosani, maT

apampulebda. magram, roxroxa otia

paWkoriam, romelsac grZel da wawvetebulboloebiani

sayeloiani bailonis

perangebis tareba uyvarda, Tavis

rZisfer `gaz-21~-Si CajdomisTanave

cxeli Sokoladi 85


moTxroba

ki ise gadametebulad seriozuldeboda,

TiTqos katafalkis saWes

misjdomiao, saxalxod ganacxada, Cems

qaliSvils mezoblebis masxrad agdeba

arc ufiqriao. otia paWkoriam es

ise gulwrfelad Tqva, rom mas yvelam

daujera. TviTon asmaT paWkoriam am

gaugebrobis gamo cotaTi itira kidec,

xolo mamamisis mier qorwilSi

dasaklavad anakliidan Tu darCelidan

Camoyvanil da paWkoriebis lamazi

saxlis ukan, kramitis saxuravian da

kedlebian koxta fardulSi (fardulis

kedlebis kramitiT gawyoba asma-

Tis idea gaxldaT) damwyvdeul xarze

ki ganacxada, iremiviT metyveli

Tvalebi aqvso. asmaT paWkoria xaris

funas mis mier saxlis win gaSenebul

vardebs uyrida, xaris sanaxavad misul

mezoblis bavSvebs ki qorwilis

sufrisTvis buTxuz yufunias qaliSvilis,

limonaTis qarxnis mTavari

teqnologis, elene yufunias mier

naxevar fasad morTmeul sagangebo

Camosxmis feihoas limonaTiT umanspinZldeboda.

qorwilamde ori dRiT adre, diliT,

otia paWkoria misma colma, caqvam

gamoaRviZa da mSral Tvalebze

galerea

86 cxeli Sokoladi

TavSalis boloebi amoisva, rogorc

maSin sCveoda xolme, roca rame gulisamaCuyebeli

istoriis moyolas

apirebda.

_ cudi sizmari vnaxe Zalian! _ tragikuli

toniT amcno caqvam qmars. _

cxonebuli mamaSeni mesizmra. ori zomiT

didi fexsacmelebi ecva, rogorc

sicocxleSi sCveoda xolme koJiJebis

gamo. igrZno micvalebulis sulma,

misi SviliSvili rom bednierdeba da

imitom gamomecxada-meTqi, vifiqre

sizmarSive me. qorwilis sufraze

gamosatani Rvino daaWaSnike-meTqi,

SevTavaze. ra dros Rvinoa, Cemo rZalo,

Cemi `mauzeris~ wasaRebad movedi,

axlave Tu ar waviRe, Cems biWs Zalian

didi usiamovneba moelis mag iaraRis

gamoo, miTxra. kidev undoda raRacis

Tqma, magram givi kilasonias sulma

gamoiara am dros Tavisi cxeniT. Cemi

wasvlis droao, miTxra mamaSenmac,

Semouskupda givis cxenze da gaqrnen

oriveni. `mauzeri~ miveci Tu ara, ar

maxsovs kargad.

caqva paWkoria dafiqrda da Subl-

SeWmuxnuli miaCerda kedelze dakidebul

aw gansvenebuli mamamTilis

gadidebul fotosuraTs.

Sako nikva

`kibo~, fanqari, tuSi, 2012

_ otia Cemo, Tu giyvarde da cotaodeni

xaTri mainc Tu gaqvs Cemi, moaSore

mag fiSto saxlidan qorwilis

dReebSi mainc. dReidan mezoblebiTa

da stumrebiT aivseba aqauroba. aTasi

mteri gyavs Seni samsaxuris gamo, eSmakma

uwyis, vis ra udevs gulSi. arada,

yvelam icis mamiseul `mauzers~

saxlSi rom inaxav... damijere, otia,

ende colis sizmars!.. tyuilubralo

laparaki ar icoda mamaSenma!

otia paWkoriam banjgvliani mkerdi

moifxana da mamamisis fotosuraTs

gauRima.

_ kargi giqnia Rvino rom SesTavaze.

zedized orjer damesizmra amas

winaT, Rvino mwyuriao, meubneboda.

imisTvisac ver movicale saflavze

avsuliyavi da Wiqa Rvino wameqcia, _

dananebiT aRniSna otiam da imaze fiqrs

Seudga, visTvis miebarebina mamiseuli

iaraRi.

_ dinji kaci unda SearCio, Cemo

otia, _ frTxilad Seapara caqvam

qmars. _ dodo basilaiasaviT dinji

kaci ar dadis Cvens quCaze. saidumlos

Senaxvac icis da saxlidanac ver

gamodis am bolo dros. filtvebis

anTebis diagnoziT wevs ukve meeqvse

dRea.

_ Sen imis xo ar geSinia, rom qorwilis

dRes davTvrebi da srolas avtexav,

rogorc cxonebulma mamaCemma

gaisrola im `mauzeridan~ Sen rom

Semogiyvane saxlSi maSin? _ eWvi gamo-

Tqva otiam.

_ ratom makadreb magas, otia, xom

giTxari rogori sizmaric vnaxe?! _

guli daswyda caqvas.

otia paWkoriam amoioxra.

_ cxonebuli mamaCemi ityoda xolme,

ori ramis arc ganaTxovreba da

arc sxvisTvis mibareba ar SeiZleba _

colisa da iaraRiso, _ Tqva otiam. _

magram, jandabas, am erTxel dagijereb.

marTali xar Sen _ yvelam icis

rom `mauzeri~ saxlSi midevs da rame

oini ar momiwyon. eger, gogi xarazia

mamiseul SaSxanas rom inaxavs unebar-

Tvod, anonimuri werilebi modis sul

miliciaSi amis gamo... oRond gafrTxileb,

rZlis Semosvla ojaxSi kanonierad

gaformebuli Tofis gasro-


liT unda aRvniSno mtrebis jinaze da

ar SemewinaaRmdego icode!

_ magaze uars rogor getyvi, Se

kaco! _ dauyvava caqvam qmars.

naxevari saaTis Semdeg otia paWkoria

filtvebis mwvave anTebis diagnoziT

loginSi Cawolil dodo basilaias

estumra RviniT savse doqiTa

da ori xaWapuriT xeldamSvenebuli.

_ saqorwilo Rvino minda gagasinjo,

dodo batono, _ uTxra otiam

dodo basilaias da Tan maspinZlis

sawolis Tavze Camokidebul misi

mSoblebis gadidebul fotosuraTs

cota naRvlianad SehRima. _ erTi sa-

Txovaric maqvs kidev, metad delikaturi

da winaswar gafrTxileb, Tu ar

SegiZlia misi Sesruleba, uaris Tqma

ar mogeridos icode!

_ ra saTxovaria aseTi? _ dainteresda

dodo basilaia. _ cota moSorebiT

dajeqi Tu kaci xar, Txis qoniT

damizila am diliT zurgi nailim. ise

vyarvar sakuTari Tavi mezareba. wuxel

kidev sul Zmrian tiloebs mafenda

Sublze. diliT samasaxurSi wavida

da saxlis dalagebac ver moaswro

xeirianad.

otia paWkoriam servandidan brolis

ori saRvine Wiqa gamoiRo da maspinZlis

sawolTan taburetze Camoawyo.

_ daulagebloba Cemi saxlis unda

naxo Sen! mezoblis qalebi dilidan

caqvas exmarebian avejis gadawyobaSi

da farTis gamonTavisuflebaSi. yvelaferi

yiraze daayenes. xval dRevandelze

ufro meti xalxi mova, Sen kidev

iseTi kaci xar, saidumlos Senaxva

ici. hoda, Tu SegiZlia mamaCemiseuli

`mauzeri~ Seminaxe sami dRiT.

dodo basilaiam misadmi gamovlenili

ndobisaTvis madlierad gauRima

stumars da sawolze wamojda.

_ magaze rogor getyvi uars, otia

batono. ra kaci viqnebi maSin, SenisTana

karg kacs erTi `mauzeri~

da am `mauzeris~ Senaxvis saidumlo

Tu ver Sevunaxe?!.. marTali xar Sen

_ sifrTxiles Tavi ar stkiva. yvelam

icis, rom saxlSi `mauzers~ inaxav,

xisbudiansa da TerTmettyvians.

moSurnec bevri gyavs, hoda, swors

akeTeb rasac akeTeb. Sens motanil

Rvinosac davlev rom icode. imdeni

wamlebiT gamWyipa nailim, Cems

organizmSi erTmaneTTan brZolas

undebian da Tavisi saqmis gasakeTeblad

ver iclian. xaWapurisTvis TefSebic

servandidan gamoiRe, Torem

samzareuloSi WurWlis nasaxic araa

darCenili, me mgoni. Cemma boTe siZem

daamsxvria guSinwin, nailisTan Sesarigeblad

rom movida, maSin. Tu ar

Semirigdebi, davlewav yvelaferso

da Seasrula kidec... Camamwara sibere

Cemma siZem. Tu rame codva mqonda

Cadenili axalgazrdobaSi, miwia am

sibereSi siZis wyalobiT! _ amoioxra

dodo basilaiam da Tvalebic

auwylianda.

otia paWkorias dodo basilaia Seecoda

da imanac amoioxra TanagrZnobis

niSnad.

_ momeci aqeT Seni iaraRi. baliSis

qveS amovideb da Seni wasvlis Semdeg

gadavmalav saimedo adgilas, _ uTxra

dodom stumars. _ kargs izam, Tu saflavzec

axval da Wiqa Rvinos wauqcev

mamaSens. ician zogjer micvalebulebma

uyuradRebobisTvis gabrazeba da

marTlebic arian rom icode!.. magaT

adgilas, rom warmovidgen Tavs, winaswar

vbrazdebi im uyuradRebobis-

Tvis, Cemebi rom gamoiCenen Cem mimarT

Cemi sikvdilis Semdeg!

_ fui, eSmaks! _ pirjvari gadaiwera

otiam. _ ar gamagiJo, sikvdilze

daiwye fiqri, dodo batono?!

_ vixumre, Se kaco! _ ixtibari ar

gaitexa dodom.

_ xari unda davklaT xval diliT.

yverebs Sevawvevineb Sen rom giyvars

ise da Cemi xeliT mogarTmev! _ dahpirda

otia maspinZels.

***

otia paWkorias WiSkarTan sanapiros

quCis ZaRlebma gaTenebamde iwyes

Segroveba.

_ ZaRlebi ki ara svavebi arian es

upatronoebi!.. mainc rogor igrZnes,

xari rom unda davklaT dRes?! _ wamoiZaxa

gaocebulma otia paWkoriam

da danebis alesvas Seudga.

_ qorwili xom xval aris?.. hoda,

moTxroba

iqneb xval dagvekla xari, _ sTxova

asmaTma mamas.

_ xval bevri saqme gveqneba, ver movaswrebT!

_ mouWra otiam. _ mosaxmareblad

mosul mezoblebsac xom unda

gavumaspinZldeT dRes, saqorwilo

sefis momwyobebsac!

_ asec vicodi, rom uars metyodi! _

dasevdianda asmaTi.

_ saidan icodi?

_ ZaRlebi rom Seikribnen ukve Cven

saxlTan, iqidan. ZaRlebi yvelafers

Seumcdarad grZnoben.

otia paWkorias xasiaTi wauxda _

saqme imaSi iyo, rom mas, rogorc miliciels,

zurgsukan qofaks eZaxdnen.

asmaTi mixvda mamis danaRvlianebis mizezs,

loyaze akoca da pirvels Tvi-

Ton auwylianda Tvalebi.

_ xari imisTvisaa, rom unda daiklas

da qorwilSi SeiWamos. bunebis kanonia

aseTi, _ SeniSna otiam. _ gulTan mitana

ici yvelafris. ase ar SeiZleba!

_ marTali xar Sen. Cemi gadaWarbebuli

mzrunvelobis bralia yvelaferi.

gadaWarbebuli, rac ar unda iyos

is, cudad mTavrdeba yovelTvis. mezoblebis

mosawvevebic gadaWarbebuli

zrdilobiT rom Sevavse, sxvanairad

miiRes! _ daiCivla asmaTma.

otiam qaliSvils Sublze akoca.

_ Sen SeniT gaikvlie gza cxovreba-

Si da, rac aseTi SemTxvevisaTvis Zalian

ucnauria, mainc bavSvad darCi! _

uTxra otiam qaliSvils. _ dasaklavi

unda daiklas, dasaWeri daWeril unda

iqnas da mosat... _ aq otiam enaze ikbina,

radgan kinaRam ubnis inspeqtor-

TaTvis sayvareli uxamsi fraza daaxeTqa.

_ Senc iseTive darCi, rogoric colis

SerTvamde iyavi _ ymawviliviT

uxamsi! _ SeniSna asmaTma da mamas kidev

erTxel akoca loyaze.

odnav Secbunebulma otia paWkoriam

Tavisi vaJkacuri Rimili gadaifina

saxeze da danebis lesva ganagrZo.

xaris dakvla dilis aTi saaTis-

Tvis daeTqvaT mezoblebs. xari otia

bendelians unda daekla, man ki Tana-

Semweebad buTxuz yufunia da mamia

cimintia daasaxela. otia bendeliani

otia paWkorias saxlSi aTis naxe-

cxeli Sokoladi 87


moTxroba

vrisTvis gamocxadda. is yvela saqmes

Zalze seriozulad ekideboda da gulianad

akeTebda dawyebuli colTan

kinklaobiT, rac misi gulmodginebis

wyalobiT seriozul CxubSi gadaizrdeboda

xolme da, zamTrisTvis

fanjris WuWrutanebis sagozaviT

amovsebiT damTavrebuli, romlis mosaSoreblad

gazafxulobiT otia bendelianis

oTxive biWs oflad gaRvra

uwevdaT.

otia bendeliani im diliT mosaxelis

saxlSi Tavis oTx vaJTan erTad

gamocxadda. otia bendelianis biWebi

saqonlis moxarSul RviZlsa da elen-

Taze giJdebodnen, otia paWkoria ki

maT dahpireboda, erTsac da meoresac

mTlianad Tqven giTmobTo.

_ Cemi xeliT mogixarSavT RviZlsac

da elenTasac, _ uTxra maT winadRiT

ubnis inspeqtorma. _ rom gaizrdebiT

da cols SeirTavT, sxva Tu araferi,

tkbilad mainc momigonebT da

saqorwilo sufraze sadRegrZeloSi

maxsenebT.

otia bendelians sexniis guluxvobam

ise auCuya guli, rom xaris

patrons dahpirda, xaris tyavisagan

iseT fituls dagimzadeb, mxareTmcodneobis

muzeumidanac ki mo-

galerea

88 cxeli Sokoladi

vlen mis sanaxavado. otia bendeliani

mTel qalaqSi cnobili iyo rogorc

jixvebis, taxebisa da daTvebis fitulebis

damzadebis didostati. fitulis

damzadebis saidumlos babuaCemma

maziara da ufleba ara maqvs gareSe

kacs gadavce es sagvareulo codnao,

acxadebda. cotas Tu sjeroda imisa,

rom otia bendeliani fitulis damzadebis

rame gansakuTrebul xerxsa

da saidumlos flobda, imitom, rom

otia bendelians yvelafris saidumloebis

burusSi gaxveva uyvarda da

yvelafris gazviadeba sCveoda, samagierod,

misTvis sityvis kacad yofna

Zalian bevrs niSnavda. amitom otia

paWkorias arc gahkvirvebia, rom misi

sexnia daTqmul droze naxevari saa-

TiT adre gamocxadda. otia bendelianisTvis

saqonlis dakvla mTel

rituals warmoadgenda da am dros

ise seriozuldeboda, TiTqos rame

mistiur wes-Cveulebas asrulebso.

otia bendelianma maspinZlis danas

fxa cera TiTiT Seumowma da daiWyana.

_ es aris kargi dana maqvso, rom

Tqvi? _ usayvedura otia bendelianma

sexnias. _ am daniT xari ki ara raJiko

kezuas indauri ar daikvleba. ki

migrZnobda guli, rom Cemi dana unda

Sako nikva

`gaqceva~, tuSi, 2011

mometana. axia Cemze, sul ase memarTeba

xolme, roca sakuTar gulisTqmas

ar vujereb!

otia bendelianma asmaT paWkorias

movlil vardis buCqebs gadaxeda da

WiSkrisken daaRira.

_ saxlSi gadaval da Cems danas movitan,

manamde ki Sen xaris gasakoWi

Toki monaxe, _ daubara man WiSkarSi

gasvlamde maspinZels da sakuWmaWe saqonlis

welebis gasarecxad momaval,

aRiarebul mekuWmaWe qionia esvanjias

nazi yviTeli feris axali botebi Seu-

Tvaliera. qioniam yviTelbotebiani

fexebi paWkoriebis WiSkarTan Sekrebil

ZaRlebs daubakuna.

_ botebi imitom Cavicvi, rom fexebi

ar damsveleboda welebis recxvisas,

_ auxsna qioniam otia bendelians.

otia bendeliani mixvda, rom mezoblis

botebs suleluri daJinebiT

uSterebda Tvals, bavSviviT daimorcxva

da gzaze gamovida.

amasobaSi xaris sanaxavad misul

otia bendelianis biWebs xari fardulidan

gamoeqcaT. sibneles SeCveul

xars dRis Suqma Tvalebi mosWra,

areuli nabijebiT gamoiara saxlis

mobetonebuli lafaro da gaocebuli

miaSterda saxlis wina ezoSi Sekrebil

xalxs.

_ xari gamoiqca! _ ikivla WiSkarSi

Semosulma qionia esvanjiam da yvi-

Telbotebiani fexebi energiulad daabakuna,

TiTqos isev ZaRlebs uwyrebao.

_ ra gakivlebs mere, Se qalo, ki ar

ikbineba! _ usayvedura mas mamia cimintiam

da xars qaTamiviT auqSia.

_ aqSa, Se SeCvenebulo!

ukana ezoSi gamavali lafarodan

pirveli Serozi bendeliani gamovarda,

Sarvali mudam CaCaCuli rom hqonda

da bayayebis daWerasa da, gansaku-

TrebiT maT gabervaSi, Tavis ufros

Zmas, Tornikes rom ar udebda tols.

_ xari gamogveqca, me amis deda vatire!

_ ganwiruli xmiT iyvira Serozi

bendelianma da qva rom versad ipova,

marjvena fexidan fexsacmeli waiZro

da xars daumizna.

_ ra qvia am xars, otia biZia? _ saqmianad

ikiTxa Tornike bendelianma


da imanac waiZro fexsacmeli, oRond

marcxena fexidan, radgan cacia iyo.

xarma, rogorc iqna, SeaCvia Tvali

sinaTles, gamoerkva, erTbaSad gaamayda,

Tvalebi daabriala da dinjad

dabzrialda sakuTari RerZis garSemo.

_ naxeT ra qedi aqvs, ra jiSiania es

oxeri! _ aRfrTovaneba ver damala

buTxuz yufuniam. _ ase nasuqari xari

jer aravis dauklavs Cvens quCaze arc

qorwilSi da arc ise!

_ oras kilo xorcs mainc dayris! _

ivarauda mamia cimintiam. _ ai, naxeT

Tu ara, agera var me da ager _ xari!

_ dagaxevT yurebs! _ Svilebis misamarTiT

daiRriala gzidan otia bendelianma.

_ daketeT WiSkari! _ iyvira otia

paWkoriam.

xari kidev erTxel datrialda

sakuTari RerZis garSemo da, Ti-

Tqos otia paWkorias yvirili miTi-

Tebad aRiqvao, WiSkrisken wavida. Ria

WiSkarSi Semosuli ZaRlebi xars ukan

amoudgnen da wkavwkavnarevi yefiT

Seuties.

_ naxeT rogor uTanTalebs Rababi

siarulisas! _ xelebi moifSvnita mamia

cimintiam. _ oras kilos ascdeba,

rasac es xorcs dayris!

_ mSvildosan, nu afrTxob xars! _

dauRriala otia paWkoriam Tavisi sexniis

SuaTana biWs.

_ gimzer! _ daiRriala otia bendelianma

gzidan, maleve mixvda, rom

umcrosi gimzeri mSvildosanSi aeria,

magram ixtibari ar gaitexa, paWkoriebis

WiSkrisken gaqanda xaris ezoSi Sesabruneblad

da droze rom ar egana,

xari ueWvelad gadaqelavda.

_ boSaTa ubnisken mainc uqeni piri!

_ uyvira otia paWkoriam sexnias.

xari wamiT Sedga, boSaTa ubnisken

gaixeda, daberili nestoebiT haeri

SeisunTqa, boSaTa ubnidan moberili

sio aSkarad ar moewona, wina floqvebi

asfalts gahkra, TiTqos miwa mobocxnao

da sanapiros quCis dasawyisisken

waZunZulda.

misi graciiT aRfrTovanebulma

mamia cimintiam, xarisTvis balaxis

mosaWrelad otia paWkoriasTvis ori

dRis win naTxovar Tavis lurjtarian

sekators daavlo xeli da yvelaze

Tamamad gamoenTo xars.

_ kudSi Caavle xeli da mobrundeba!

_ miayvira mamias buTxuz yufuniam.

ZaRlebidan pirvelma merab uridias

axalgazrda Zuknam dasZlia SiSi, xars

gverdidan mouara da mucelSi wahkra

kbili. parmen gogias naRvlianTvaleba

goSia ki xars koWebSi waetana.

_ ra qvia am xars, ra qvia-meTqi? _

akivlda ariadna anTia. _ dauZaxeT

vinmem saxeli da gaaCereT!

xari ZaRlebis dasafrTxobad adgilze

dabzrialda da otia bendelians

rqa odnav gahkra mucelze.

otiam ganwiruli xmiT iyvira da

gzispira TxrilSi daimala. otia

bendelianis colis, JuJuna xarazias

kivilma mamia cimintias xarisTvis kudSi

xelis Cavlebis survili daukarga.

aRapi samuSiam mamia cimintias

sekatori gamostaca xelidan da xars

esrola. sekatori xars gavaze moxvda

tariT. xari asfaltze dacemul sekators

gaocebuli daaSterda da mis

dasasunadac gaemzada, magram amasobaSi

raJiko kezuas ZaRls, raki saku-

Tari saxlis siaxloves igula Tavi,

guli moeca da Rababze Camoekida kbilebiT

xars.

_ esrole, gogi, SaSxana esrole! _

dauyvira JuJuna xaraziam Tavisi oTaxidan

gamosul Zmas, gogi xarazias.

_ ar esrolo, xalxs ar moxvdes

SemTxveviT da ar daiRupo Tavi. nabaxusevze

xar da xelebi gikankalebs!

_ mSvidad urCia gogis misma saxlis

mewilem, meore sarTulis aivanze,

gogis gverdiT sarwevela savarZelSi

monavnave darejan kvaracxeliam.

gogi xarazia oTaxSi Sebrunda da

iqidan SaSxaniT SeiraRebuli dabrunda.

xarma ibRavla da raJiko kezuas ZaRlakidebuli

raJiko kezuas WiSkars

gascda ZunZuliT.

otia paWkoriam raJiko kezuasa da

parmen gogias ezoebs Soris gamaval

sacalfexo gzisken TiTi gaiSvira da

raRacis dayvireba moindoma, magram

haeri ar eyo da piri umweod daafCina.

_ im gziT Tu wavida, pirdapir zR-

moTxroba

vispira skverSi amoyofs Tavs, iqidan

plaJzec gava da xalxs daawiokebs! _

saTqmels miuxvda Txrilidan Tavwamoyofili

otia bendeliani sexnias,

colisZmisken gaixeda, SaSxanamomarjvebuli

gogi xarazias danaxvaze isev

TxrilSi Caebertya da imanac umweod

daafCina piri _ aRelvebisagan haeri

ar eyo dasayvireblad.

_ ar esrolo, gogi. xalxs ar moartya

SemTxveviT! _ kidev erTxel urCia

gogi xarazias misma saxlis mewilem

darejan kvaracxeliam.

xarma raJiko kezuasa da parmen

gogias ezoebs Soris gakidul fexis

gzas gverdi auara da sanapiros quCas

gauyva qalaqis centrisken. raJiko kezuas

Zukna isev Rababze ekida.

_ qalaqisken midis! _ iyvira asmaT

paWkoriam, aqamde Cumad rom iyo, er-

TbaSad aiwyvita, sul male dawinaurda,

fexebSi wamoblanduli Taliko

masxulias TeTri finia Ronieri pan-

CuriT aRapi samuSias rkinis Robes

mianarcxa, siCqares umata, xarsac gadauswro,

mere uceb motrialda da

xars cxvirwin aesveta. xari aseTma

utifrobam daabnia da adgilze gaqvavda.

otia paWkoriam raRac gaurkveveli

ixavla da oriod wamSi qaliSvilis

gverdiT gaCnda.

_ koCia, gaaRe WiSkari, Sens ezoSi

SevagdoT xari! _ koCia lakerbaias saxlis

misamarTiT iyvira otia paWkoriam.

daZaxilze lakerbaiebis saxlidan

bavSvebi gamocvivdnen.

_ momeci axalve SaSxana, bavSvebs ar

moartya! _ mkacrad mimarTa darejanma

gogi xarazias.

_ gamoitane mauzeri da esrole

xars! _ uyvira otia paWkoriam Tavisi

saxlis aivanze sabanwamofarebulad

gamosul dodo basilaias. _ esrole,

Torem daxocavs es upatrono xalxs!

_ bavSvebi gawieT da axlave davbrundebi!

_ iyvira dodo basilaiam,

sabani aivnis moajirze nabadiviT gadakida

da saxlSi Sevarda.

otia bendeliani xarTan mamia cimintias

sekatoriT SeiaraRebuli gamoCnda

da lakerbaias bavSvebs mouRera.

_ SediT axlave saxlSi, Tqve mama-

ZaRlebo, koCia gamovides, WiSkari

cxeli Sokoladi 89


moTxroba

gaaRos! _ uyvira otia bendelianma

lakerbaiebis bavSvebs.

_ daweqiT axlave. yvela dawves, me

Tqven gelaparakebiT! _ iWeqa Tavisi

aivnidan gogi xaraziam.

_ sanam yvela ar dawveba, ar isrolo,

icode! _ gaafrTxila gogi xarazia

darejan kvaracxeliam.

_ Cemi bavSvebi sad arian? _ ikiTxa

otia bendelianma, roca lakerbaiebis

bavSvebi saxlSi Sevidnen.

_ aqa varT! _ fexsacmeli gamostaca

gimzers xelidan mSvildosan bendelianma.

otia bendelianma Svilebi saTiTaod

Cayara gzispira TxrilSi.

_ sad vesrolo konkretulad? _

ikiTxa aivanze otia paWkorias mamiseuli

`mauzeriT~ gamosulma dodo

basilaiam.

_ sadac moartyam, oRond iaraRi

orive xeliT daiWire! _ upasuxa otia

paWkoriam da otia bendelianis waba-

ZviT asmaT paWkoria gzispira Txril-

Si CaCexa.

xari amdenma gadaZaxilma daabnia

da adgilze datrialda. otia paWkoria

Sua gzaze dadga, xelebi gaSala,

win waxrilma Tavic CaRuna da xars

warbebsqvemodan SeubRvira anTebuli

TvalebiT. xarma otia paWkorias poza

orTabrZolaSi gamowvevad miiRo, wina

fexebi asfalts gahkra, Tavi daxara

da nestoebi dabera.

dodo basilaia mixvda, rom yvelafers

wamebi wyvetda, pistoleti xars

TavSi daumizna da sanam sasxlets

gamohkravda, cali Tvali cisken gaapara,

raTa RmerTisTvis daxmareba

eTxova.

_ RmerTo, Sen miSvele! _ gaisma si-

CumeSi dodo basilaias xma.

_ Tu ar daweqiT, pirdapir Tqven

dagaxliT! _ uRriala mezoblebs gogi

xaraziam.

otia paWkorias garda yvela gzispira

Txrils miawyda.

zedized ori gasrolis xma gaisma

_ jer otia paWkorias `mauzerisa~

da, TiTqmis imave wams gogi xarazias

SaSxanisa.

dodo basilaias nasroli xars TavSi

moxvda da maSinve asfaltze da-

90 cxeli Sokoladi

anarcxa. gogi xarazias SaSxanidan gamovardnilma

tyviam ki, raki samizne

adgilze ar daxvda, koCia lakerbaias

WiSkris rkinis boZs gahkra, mimarTuleba

icvala da rikoSetiT asxletili

otia paWkorias CaeWeda pirdapir

barZaySi.

otia paWkoriam, avRaneTis omis veteranma,

sanam daecemoda, moaswro da

naWrilobevze daixeda.

_ gogi xarazias nasroli momxvda!

_ aRniSna natyviarebSi metad gamocdilma

otia paWkoriam. _ magram rad

ginda, mainc amixda colis sizmari.

oRond axla kivili ar gamagonos qalebma!..

me mgoni, Zvali mTelia. daRlili

tyvia momxvda.

qalebis kivilma sanapiros quCa

SesZra.

asfaltze dacemuli otia paWkoria

tkivilisa da sibrazisagan kbilebs

akraWunebda da natyviars wafarebuli

xelis TiTebs Soris gamoJonil

sisxls meore xeliT iwmendda.

_ ase mouva yvelas, vinc colis

Wkuaze ivlis! _ uTxra man Tavis qaliSvils.

_ ramdenjer uTqvams CemTvis

cxonebul mamaCems, colisa da

iaraRis sxvisTvis mibareba ar SeiZleba,

saxlSi unda inaxavde oriveso!

_ Cemi nasroli tyvia xom ar moxvda?

_ Tavisi aivnidan CamosZaxa

otia paWkoriasTan Sekrebil mezoblebs

dodo basilaiam.

_ ara, nu geSinia, gogi xaraziasi

moxvda! _ dauyvira mas pasuxad mamia

cimintiam. _ Sen rom agecilebina xarisTvis,

maSin gogis tyvia xars moxvdeboda

da otia gadarCeboda!

_ Zalian kargi, Tu Cemi tyvia ar

moxvedria! _ Tqva dodo basilaiam da

guli wauvida.

_ axla winandelze ufro meti

sisxli wamova, magram Sen ar SegeSindes!

_ gaafrTxila otia paWkoriam

qaliSvili. _ ex-x, naili basialaia saxlSi

rom iyos, fexs gadaminaskvavda

rezinis CaliCaTi da sisxldenas Semi-

Cerebda!

_ Cemi bralia yvelaferi, me vu-

Txari otias iaraRi dodo basilaias

miabare-meTqi! _ kivilidan moTqmaze

gadavida caqva paWkoria.

otia bendelianma Wrilobis siRrmis

gazomva grZeli, Zvlis mundStukiT

ganizraxa, risTvisac mas colma,

JuJuna xaraziam kefaSi uTaqa.

_ saavadmyofoSia kaci saswrafod

wasayvani, magram iq milicias gamoiZaxeben.

jobia axlave amoviRoT tyvia,

mere otia ityvis, Cemi tabeluri iaraRi

gamivardao da saqmes ar aRZraven,

_ Tqva otia bendelianma.

otia paWkoria sexnias naTqvamze saxeze

gadafiTrda.

_ RomSi CaxarSuli yveli ki ar

aris, Se kaco, tyviaa! _ Tqva otia pa-

Wkoriam.

_ saqsovi CxiriT amoviRoT tyvia! _

SesTavaza orive otias gogi xaraziam.

_ rogor Sevumowmo xars pulsi?.. Sei-

Zleba mkvdari ar aris bolomde!

_ sakontrolo esrole SublSi! _

urCia mas raJiko kezuam.

_ arafersac ar vesvri. zedmeti

faqtebi minda kidev me?! _ gajiutda

gogi xarazia, otia paWkoriasTan Cai-

Coqa da Tavze gadausva xeli. _ Cemi

SaSxanis xseneba ar unda iyos am saqmeSi,

icode!

_ ar unda gametana iaraRi saxlidan!

_ Tqva otia paWkoriam da qionia

esvanjias yviTel botebze gauSterda

mzera. _ SeiZleba guli wamivides, imitom,

rom yviTeli wreebi mitrialebs

TvalebSi. avRaneTSic yviTeli wreebi

damitrialda roca daviWeri, magram

Tqven nu SegeSindebaT!

_ ai, ras niSnavs gamocdileba! _ SeniSna

mamia cimintiam.

_ RmerTo, ra vaJkacia! _ aslukunda

qionia, romelic ver xvdeboda, rom

misi yviTeli botebi gulis wasvlis

mauwyebel TvalSi datrialebul wreebad

aRiqva otia paWkoriam.

_ ar unda gametana iaraRi saxlidan

da ar amixdeboda maSin caqvas cudi

sizmari! _ Tqva otia paWkoriam da gonis

dasakargad moemzada.

_ bedisweraa es yvelaferi!.. versad

wauxval bedisweras! _ SeniSna darejan

kvaracxeliam da gogi xarazias

beWze upwkina. _ adeqi axlave da gadamale

mag SaSxana sanam milicia mosula,

Torem kidev gaafuWeb rames, Seni

ambavi rom vici!..


poezia

eka qevaniSvili

poeti

eka Jurnalistia da am profesiisTvis damaxasiaTebeli

ukompromisoba da pirdapiroba mis leqsebSic

igrZnoba. poetis mTavari xibli ulmobeli gulwrfelobaa

_ lirikuli „me“ xSirad Tavadaa raime koniunqturis

Semadgeneli da Sesabamisad, mxilebis

obieqtic, xolo Tuki tabus arRvevs, arasodesaa

idealizirebuli. swored es simware atyvia aq warmodgenil

leqsebs. magaliTad, leqsSi „samoTxe. asociaciebi“,

erTi SexedviT, martivi xati warmoCindeba

_ sofeli, rogorc idilia _ magram sityva „iqneb“

(„iqneb esaa samoTxe“) Tavidanve momarTavs mkiTxvels,

eWvis TvaliT Sexedos suraTs. skefsisis mTavari mizezi

lirikuli gmiris ironizirebuli portretia _

Sinagani sicarieliT daavadebuli obivateli, romelsac

soflis idiliuri garemo xsnad eCveneba; sinamdvileSi,

am „idilias“ mxolod moixmars:

radgan _ yvelaferi iseTi bunebrivia,

rogorc ablabudis es qseli,

romelsac cota xans uyureb _ rogorc egzotikas

da mere Camowmend, rogorc mtvers.

ekas poezia ar iZleva pirdapir pasuxebs, Sors

dgas didaqtikuri tonalobisgan, magram ironia da

TviTironia, romelsac avtori mimarTavs, intuitiurad

mainc gulisxmobs moralur mijnas. eka erT-erTi

saukeTesoa maT ricxvSi, vinc socialur Tematikaze

muSaobs, Tumca am interesiT ar izRudeba.

eka qevaniSvili daibada 1979 wlis 23 ianvars. amJamad

aris radio Tavisuflebis reportiori. sxvadasxva

dros muSaobda gazeTebSi `rezonansi~, `axali

versia~, radioSi `mwvane talRa~ _ gadacemebis

avtorad da wamyvanad. gamocemuli aqvs ori poeturi

krebuli _ `Woria~ (~diogene~, 2006 weli), `aq nu

dadgebiT~ (`diogene~, 2010 weli). aris ramdenime literaturuli

konkursis (`wero~, lib.ge-s mier organizebuli

konkursis) priziori; literaturuli premia

`sabas~ orgzis nominanti poeziaSi.

92 cxeli Sokoladi

gulgriloba an arc ise

Cven axla didze didebi varT.

dilaobiT samsaxurSi gvagviandeba.

dedebi varT. mamebi gavxdiT.

jariskaci, mwerali, loTi, eqimi da maswavlebeli.

Sewuxebuli saxeebiT TveSi erTxel

morCilad vixdiT gadasaxadebs.

paraskevobiT lotos vTamaSobT.

vin marxvas icavs. vin ki ikidebs.

baRi da skola, rac SeiZleba prestiJuli,

ukeTesi, vidre Cven gvqonda, vidre SegveZlo.

rutina. vcocxlobT zigzagebiT.

vin qvesknelSia da vin mwvervalze.

nikos mesame Svili eyola, lea martoa, eka daSorda.

Sen ar gvaxsovxar.

zamTarSi _ zamTris kurortebze vxvdebiT axal wels,

zafxulSi zRvaze migvyavs ojaxi.

wesi _ wesia.

ucxoeTic moviareT _ Tuki ar gjera,

virtualur sivrces Caxede _

Cveni fotoalbomebis saTaurebi _ `parizi, vena...~

suraTebs TiTqmis aRar vbeWdavT,

dRes modaSi aRar aris CanTiT tareba.

Sen ar gvaxsovxar.

Cven didebi da garyvnilebi varT.

Cven didebi da gulgrilebi varT.

Cven Sen mkvdari ar gvinaxixar.

da Tavs rogorc SegviZlia, ise vimarTlebT:

rom Cven ar gvjera.

rom aravis unaxixar, rogor aRar xar.

rom Sen isic ki ver SeZeli, vinc cocxalia,

sakuTari kubos garSemo Semogekriba.

rom ar viciT sad movideT,

jvari sad davsvaT.

ZaliT giviwyebT,

TiTqos Tuki sityva sikvdils aRar vaxsenebT,

Cven agvcdeba,

CvenTan ar mova..

am zafxuls,

me da Cemma rva wlis gogonam

arcTu SemTxveviT, Sens quCaze CamoviareT.

ezos siRrmeSi dedaSeni ijda _ SavebSi.

gonebaSi misamZimrebis abdaubda winadadeba mivWermovWeri

da is iyo davapire karis SeReba,

mivxvdi, momekali unda Tavidan

da usityvod Semovtrialdi.


ianvris

arasodes miatovoT gogo zamTarSi.

yinulze fexi daucdeba.

sxvaze dayrdnobas SeCveuli, sadme

quCaSi,

xalxis Tvalwin ayiravdeba.

da grZel, Wrel windebs, rogorc

cxovrebas, ise gamofens.

muxli ra, muxli Sexorcdeba,

idayvic, kefac.

saZile abi _ oriT meti, oriT

naklebi

mokle sikvdilsac dauZvreba.

venebi. deda. Svili. RmerTi.

Zveli sqemaa.

arasodes gaadgaT fexi, roca yinavs.

brWyviala fifqad gadaiqceva _

miekroba cxviriT fanjaras.

da Tu sicive didxans gagrZelda,

darCeba ase, axali wlis dekoracia,

Camoxsna rom gadaaviwydaT.

arasodes waxvideT maSin, roca

bardnis.

roca gvacvia ise Tbilad,

erTmaneTis sxeulebis sunic ar

Jonavs.

nu waxvalT maTgan ianvarSi,

roca mkvdaria yvelaferi,

Cven ki ratomRac,

aqedan viwyebT axal weliwads.

ori kari

soflebSi saxlebs ori WiSkari aqvs,

erTi _ wina, Sesasvleli,

meore, ukana, gasasvleli.

pirveli saCvenebeli karia _ lamazi,

SeRebili.

zed TabaSiris Citebic

miumagrebiaT,

safosto yuTebic.

meore – morRveuli, dampali xisaa,

saketmoryeuli, frialebs.

pirveli ucxoebis karia,

Cacmul-daxuruli siarulis,

samsaxurSi wasvlis.

meore – maspinZlis,

saSinao flasebis, talaxiani

botebis.

pirvel karTan ucxos Sexvedrac

gixaria,

arafris grcxvenia.

meoresTan – RmerTma nu qnas,

gadagveyaros.

adamiansac unda hqondes ori aseTi

kari.

xan stumari iqneboda Tavis Tavis,

xan maspinZeli.

samoTxe, asociaciebi

SeiZleba, es aris samoTxe:

bavSvobis saxli. zafxulia.

ablabudebiT gavsebula fanjris

rafebi.

saxuravidan wvima wveTavs da Werze

xatavs Jangis figurebs.

moajirebs ki aqerclili saRebavi

alag-alag ufaravs rkinas.

logins dahkravs nestis suni,

kedlebs _ aryofnis.

sawolis qveS geguleba Zveli hamaki

_ damtverila.

axlarTul Tokebs acalkeveb,

TiTqos wasuli wlebi ginda

daalago, daaxarisxo.

axla gWirdeba is ori xe, sadac

gaabam.

erTi motyda, erTic gamxmara.

sxva ori xis Zebnas iwyeb. rac ar

dagirgavs,

ras ipovi, ras aRmoaCen.

SeiZleba, es aris samoTxe.

aq xom daRlili, dasasveneblad

moxvedi.

arafris sakeTeblad, arafris

mosasmenad.

tvinis gasarecxad.

rogorc RilebiT da aTasgvari

wvrilmaniT savse

Zveli zardaxSa, Tavi unda

daapirqvavo

da carieli isev daidga.

unda isev daibruno SegrZnebebi,

magaliTad, gikvirdes Citi,

diliT xis totze Camomjdari,

rogor giyveba qveynis ambavs.

gikvirdes, mamam rogor moTiba

sveli balaxi,

didi grova iRliaSi amoiCara

poezia

da gamokveba mTeli sakurdRle ase

martivad.

rom mzeze dawve, WianWvelebi

amogacocdnen tanze, cota xans

imogzauron _

mere gauSva da arc Sehyviro.

iyo dro, erTad bednierad

cxovrobdiT da

erTmaneTis ar geSinodaT.

SeiZleba esaa.

saRamoxans iwvimos da odnav

agrildes.

Rame ki dadges iseTi mSvidi,

sawolSi frTxilad gadatrialde _

am siCumeSi Cqamsac eqo aqvs.

SeiZleba aqaa samoTxe,

sadac ar gWirdeba codnis afiSireba.

wakiTxulis mokle Sinaarsi.

viRacaze ufro kargoba.

arc dekoratiuli kosmetika.

arc savarcxlebis koleqcia.

arc fexsacmelebis karada.

arc viaipi saSvi, SeSvebuli xar.

radgan _ yvelaferi iseTi bunebrivia,

rogorc ablabudis es qseli,

romelsac cota xans uyureb _

rogorc egzotikas

da mere Camowmend, rogorc mtvers.

SeiZleba esaa.

radgan Zveleburad gxvdeba nivTebi,

romlebic aRar gWirdeba, magram

giyvars.

radgan isini monawileobdnen

istoriaSi,

romelSic moxvdi.

radgan maTac axsovT da Cumad arian,

ar yayaneben.

erTguli mowmeebiviT dganan.

roca ginda, gamoiZaxeb am firsakravs

anda Ria baraTebis koleqcias,

nemsebis baliSs, saaTs _ guguliT.

zustad ar vici,

magram SeiZleba, esecaa samoTxe.

sadac Seni misvla uxariaT.

sadac SegiZlia siberemdec mixvide da

darCe.

cxeli Sokoladi 93


saubrebi abaJuris qveS

Cemi bebo _ nino ramiSvili

me dRemde vcxovrob im saxlSi,

romelSic iliko da nino cxovrobdnen

da romelSic davibade. CemTvis

es saxli-muzeumia, romelic

arc maSin mivatove, roca Cemi mSoblebi

sxvagan gadavidnen.

bolo periodSi marto me da nino

vcxovrobdiT aq. masTan erTad

viyavi sul _ saxlSi, samsaxurSi,

repeticiebze, gastrolebze. erTmaneTTan

gansakuTrebiT bolo 15

wlis ganmavlobaSi vmegobrobdiT

_ roca ilikos Semdeg marto dar-

Ca. mas Semdeg me viyavi misi TanaSemwe,

megobari, Svili, SviliSvili,

deda, ar vici, yvelaferi.

misi wasvliT Cems cxovrebaSi

iseTi sicariele darCa, rom Ti-

Tqos aRar vicodi, ra unda ga-

saubrebi abaJuris qveS

avtori nino suxiSvili

mekeTebina da visTvis mecxovra.

yovelTvis vcdilobdi, raRaciT

gamekvirvebina da mesiamovnebina

bebiaCemi. misi wasvlis mere ki, Zalian

gamiWirda. magram imis SegrZneba,

rom is dResac Cem gverdiTaa,

sul maqvs. rasac ar unda vakeTebde,

yvelafers TiTqos uxilavad

mas vuTanxmeb. zustad vici, ra moewoneboda,

ra ara da dRemde misi

azri CemTvis barometria. xSirad

vambob: bebiaCemi amas ase ityoda,

axla ase moiqceoda…

Zalian daxvewili gemovnebis

qali iyo. erTi saaTi undeboda

sarkesTan momzadebas, sanam saxlidan

gavidoda. repeticiebze

yoveldRe maRali quslebiT dadioda.

maxsovs, rogori gansaku-

Trebuli CanTebi da fexsacmelebi

hqonda, rogori Tavsaburavebi. Zalian

uyvarda samkaulebic: beWdebi,

sayureebi, samajurebi, bolomde

iyenebda am yvelafers.

bavSvobaSi Zalian miyvarda mis

karadaSi Zromiali. vicvamdi mis

fexsacmelebs, tansacmels, viqeqebodi

mis skivrSi. sarkis win videqi

misi samkaulebiT da princesobanas

vTamaSobdi. arasdros mibrazdeboda.

roca wamovizarde, sul giJdeboda,

rogor SeiZleba, erTi jinsiT,

erTi maisuriT da erTi Tmis

samagriT iaro da ise gaxvide saxlidan,

sarkeSi arc Caixedoo.

bolo wlebSi arafriT ar gaike-

Ta plastikuri operacia, saxe Za-

94 cxeli Sokoladi rubrikis sponsoria `borjomis wyaroebi~


lian danaoWebuli hqonda, magram

mainc ar undoda arc gadaWimva,

arc araferi. roca amis Sesaxeb

eubnebodnen, sul ana manianis sityvebs

ixsenebda: `nu malavT Cems

naoWebs, isini me Zalian Zviri damijda~.

ninoc sul ambobda, am

yvela naoWs dRe da ricxvi aqvso.

Cvens saxlSi yovelTvis Zalian

saintereso adamianebi ikribebodnen:

maxsovs, soliko virsala-

Ze xSiri stumari iyo Cveni, aseve

qeTevan maRalaSvili _ mas ninos

portretic aqvs daxatuli. kargad

maxsovs sesilia TayaiSvilic, romelic

quCis gadaRma cxovrobda

da aseve xSirad modioda CvenTan.

svamdnen Cais da uamrav saintereso

ambavs yvebodnen.

saocrad qvelmoqmedi iyo; am saxlSi

gamudmebiT viRac cxovrobda:

xan misi mkeravi, xan mamaCemis

gamzrdeli, romelic moxucda da

movla sWirdeboda, xan Cemi ZiZa…

xSirad epatiJeboda sadilad

Cvens meezoves, romelic axalgazrdobidan

am ezoSi muSaobs.

Zalian uyvarda xalxTan urTier-

Toba. miuxedavad imisa, rom erTi

SexedviT mkacri qalis STabeWdilebas

tovebda, Zalian Tbili da

mosiyvarule adamiani iyo.

profesiaSi ukompromiso da

momTxovni iyo: rogorc mocekvaveebis,

ise sakuTari Tavis mimar-

Tac, veravin gabedavda repeticiaze

dagvianebas. mocekvaveebi sul

formaSi unda yofiliyvnen. maSin,

ansamblis garda TiTqmis veravin

gadioda sazRvargareT da amitom

dass Zalian didi pasuxismgebloba

hqonda: mTeli msofliosTvis

gaecno da dadebiTad warmoeCina

saqarTvelo. es yvelaferi ki

xdeboda totalitaruli reJimis

periodSi, roca sul imis mtkiceba

giwevda, rom qarTveli xar da

ara rusi, da roca uamravi uSiSroebis

TanamSromeli dagyveboda,

oficialuradac da araoficialuradac.

xSirad ambobda xolme: me mebrZoli

var, mTeli cxovreba vibrZvio.

patara rom viyavi, sul mikvirda,

netav, ras ibrZvis es qali-meTqi,

magram mere mivxvdi, rom marTla

ibrZoda mTeli cxovreba, bolo

wuTamde ibrZoda…

maxsovs, 1990-iani wlebis

daswyisSi, im rTul periodSi, erT

dRes ar Cavardnila repeticia.

nino yoveldRe dadioda samsaxur-

Si, xelTaTmanebiT da qurTukiT

ijda da ase atarebda repeticiebs,

rac Zalian didi stimuli iyo ansamblisTvis.

gastrolebisas, qalaqidan qalaqSi

mogzaurobisas, xandaxan 10-12

saaTi gviwevda avtobusSi yofna.

nino erTi wuTiT ar moixreboda,

sariviT gamarTuli ijda: maRali

quslebiT, makiaJiT, asxmuli

sayureebiT da beWdebiT. arasdros

gagrZnobinebda, rom daRlili iyo.

amis Semxedvare, axalgazrdebs

ukve rcxvenodaT, rameze daewuwunaT.

me da ilikos bavSvobaSi arasdros

gvaZalebdnen, rom maTi saqme

gagvegrZelebina, saerTod ar

vizrdebodiT am ideiT, miaCndaT,

rom cekva TviTon unda mogindes

da ara viRacis gavlenis gamo.

roca gadavwyvite, rom Cemi Tavi

scenaze seriozulad gamomecada,

kai xani ver vumxeldi ninos. didi

pretenzia iyo es Cemi mxrdian 20

wlis asakSi da Zalian bevri muSa-

saubrebi abaJuris qveS

oba damWirda, sanam dass SevuerTdebodi.

90 wlis asakSic ki bunebiT axalgazrda

da novatori iyo, yovel-

Tvis Zalian uyvarda axalgazrdebTan

kontaqti. Cemi megobrebi

xSirad masTan saurTierTod ufro

modiodnen, vidre CemTan. bolo

periodSic, Cvens axal wamowyebebs

Zalian dadebiTad afasebda. sul

ambobda, ansambli ar aris cekvis

muzeumi, es aris cocxali organizmi

da unda viTardebodeso.

maxsovs, bolos rogor uxaroda:

vici, rom es yvelaferi saimedo

xelSiao. ambobda, me vici, rom

iliko geniosia da gaakeTebs imas,

rac me ver movaswario.


axla, roca kedlebze mis fotoebs

vuyureb, sul Tvalwin warmomidgeba

misi saocari feris, varskvlaviviT

anTebuli Tvalebi da sicocxliT

aRsavse gamometyveleba. amboben,

asakSi Tvali qrebao, mas ar Cauqra,

bolomde cocxali da xasxasa Tvalebi

hqonda; Zalian lamazi, Rrma

da TiTqos ukidegano…

rubrikis sponsori

cxeli Sokoladi 95


ecenzia

receptebi, receptebi...

(mcire kulinariuli piesa)

avtori diana anfimiadi

erT mSvenier dRes aiRo erTma kacma

Tixa, daasvela, mozila, kidev mozila.

mere scada da forma misca _ Tasi gamouvida,

ar moewona, forma Seucvala,

axla doqia, mere stviri, bolos mobezrda

TamaSi, Tavisnairi kaci gaakeTa

_ masala didi araferi, Tixa da wyali,

mere cecxlze gamowva, bolos suli

Seubera gasagrileblad, hoda, Tavisda

uneburad, suli Cahbera _ arada,

receptiT sul sxva rame unda gamosuliyo,

sxva xom araferi damimatebiao

_ recepts Caxeda, ara, TiTqos araferi.

daixara da is Tixa mosinja, romelic

gamoiyena _ mowiTalo niadagidan

WianWvela gamoZvra _ jer, erTi, mere

_ meore, mere mesame. amitomac ameria,

96 cxeli Sokoladi

Tqva man, arasdros ici, rad iqceva recepti

momzadebis mere.

da Tqva ufalma _ kargze ra mogaxsenoT,

magram ara uSavso da daisvena...

I Zebna

didi xania, aRar mjera receptebis,

didi xania, sul sxva rames vgegmav da

sul sxva gamodis. yvelaferSi asea. ar

amarTlebs es receptebi da momkali!

bebiaCemis receptiT, pediatri unda

viyo, bevri pacienti unda myavdes da

Svilebic _ blomad. Cemi megobris

receptiT, safrangeTis romelime

universitetis profesori unda gavxde

da zRvispira frangul qalaqSi

ezoianyvavilebianlamazWiSkriani sa-

xli mqondes. magram, kidev vimeoreb

_ ar amarTlebs es receptebiT cxovreba,

raRac ukeTesi gamodis, raRac

piriqiT. kulinariaSic asea _ rogorc

ar unda zustad daicva parametrebi,

ZiriTadad, is mainc ar gamova, rasac

receptis avtori gulisxmobda.

daaxloebiT leqsis Targmans hgavs,

SeiZleba Sedegi ukeTesic iyos, magram

ara iseTi, rogoric originalSi _

ai, aseTi winaswar gansazRvruli damokidebulebiT

daviwye kulinariuli

wignebis Zebna am ramdenime dRis win

_ kulinariuli wigni xom, saerTod,

receptebis mTeli krebulia, Sesabamisad,

rCevebisa da darigebebis mTeli

sabado. rogor aadvilebs cxovrebas,


Tavad warmoidgineT!

am bolo dros qarTul enaze gamocemuli

kulinariuli wignebis raodenobam,

xarisxma da vizualurma

mimzidvelobam sagrZnoblad imata,

xolo mkiTxveli da miznobrivi auditoria

am wignebs rom yovelTvis bevri

hyavda, es eWvmiutaneli WeSmaritebaa.

am wignebs kiTxuloben isinic, vinc

paviCze cxvirs ibzuebs da begbederi

uyvars, isinic, vinc mxolod im wignebs

kiTxulobs, romelTa mixedviTac

holivuduri filmebia gadaRebuli,

isinic, visTvisac literaturis momavali

samecniero fantastikaa da

isinic, visTvisac literatura didi

xania, mokvda.

davdivar wignis maRaziebSi, vekiTxebi

megobrebs, viqeqebi Cems sakuTar biblioTekaSi

_ veZeb wignebs, mizani ki

ori maqvs, erTi sazogado da meore

_ piraduli _ mainteresebs, rogor

ganviTarda qarTuli sagamomcemlo

biznesi am kuTxiT da meore _ deda Camodis

da minda rame axali, ucxo da

gemrieli davaxvedro. vnaxoT, ra gamomiva.

ohohoho, ramdeni ramea, xelebs

vifSvnet, priala furclebs vSli,

fotoebs vaTvaliereb: `didi wigni

cxobisaTvis“, `ojaxuri sadilebi“,

„saojaxo samzareulo“, „mxolod 5

ingredienti“, „sadili martivad“,

„sauzme martivad“, „vaxSami martivad“,

„qarTuli samzareulo“, „kulinariuli

enciklopedia“, „kulinaria damwyebTaTvis“,

„saojaxo samzareulo~,

„msoflio kulinariis TxuTmettomeuli“

da a.S. da a.S.

qarTveli klasikosis citata rom

moviparo, wignebze `nadirobis trfials

rom ityvian, swored isa var“,

Tumca arCevani usaTuod aqve unda

gavakeTo, imitom, rom paul celanis

zviad ratianiseuli Targmanebis wignisagan

gansxvavebiT, kulinariuli

wignebi sakmaod Zviri Rirs.

daviwyeb qarTuli samzareuloTi,

yvelaze metad ori wigni momwons _

„qarTuli samzareulo“ (bakur sulakauris

gamomcemloba) da msoflio

kulinariis seriaSi Sesuli qarTuli

kulinariis tomi (gamomcemloba „pa-

litra L”). pirvelisgan gansxvavebiT,

meore wignSi mcire kulturuli, istoriuli

da geografiuli mimoxilvaa,

qarTuli samzareulosTvis damaxasiaTebeli

produqtebis Sesaxeb

saintereso informaciis miTiTebiT.

saerTod, aucileblad unda aRvniSno

msoflio kulinariis es seria,

romelSic kerZebis receptebis garda,

sxvadasxva qveynis kulturul

Tu eTnokulturul Taviseburebebze

bevr sainteresos gaigeb. aseTi kuTxiT

danaxuli kulinaria kvlevisa Tu

dakvirvebis bevr saSualebas iZleva,

samzareulo xom, pirvel rigSi, kulturaa,

qveynis istoriis, eris migraciisa

Tu sxva mniSvnelovani cvlilebebis

lakmusi, iseve rogorc, ena.

franguli, italiuri, Cinuri, iaponuri,

berZnuli, arabuli, rusuli...

yvela tomi Zalian sainteresoa, yvela

minda! berZnuli samzareulos qar-

Tul enaze gamocemam xom saerTod, Zalian

gamaxara, romeli avarCio, mainc

romeli?! magram daica, „argentinuli

samzareulo“ _ arasdros ar mqonia

am qveynis kerZebTan Sexeba, arc arasdros

davinteresebulvar, hoda, amas

waviReb, isev Seni xaTriT, xorxe luis!

_ esec meore wigni Cems kalaTSi.

vagrZeleb Zebnas _ „vaxSami martivad“,

„sauzme martivad“, `sadili

martivad“ _ amas isedac vaxerxeb, ar

minda.

„kulinaria damwyebTaTvis“ _ arc

mTlad damwyebi meTqmis, ase rom, arc

amas waviReb, Tumca yvela es wigni

Zalian sasargeblo resursia, rebeka

jilpinis receptebis wignis Targmania

da damwyeb mzareuls marTlac Zalian

gamoadgeba, martivi da cnobili ker-

Zebis receptebi, saWiro rCevebi da

instruqciebi.

da ai, isic, mesame wigni Cems kalaT-

Si _ „didi wigni cxobisTvis“ (bakur

sulakauris gamomcemloba), comi Cemi

sisustea, amitom am wigns Sin aucileblad

waviReb.

kidev erTi wigni mimzers wignis Tarodan

macdurad _ „mxolod 5 ingredienti„

_ mimzidveli saTauria, esec

meoTxe wigni.

da bolo, mexuTe _ Tqma ar unda,

recenzia

yvelaze didi siamovnebiT Cveni ojaxis

wevrebisaTvis vamzadebT, amitom „saojaxo

samzareulo“ (bakur sulakauris

gamomcemloba) udavod gamomadgeba.

esec ase, Semdegi sadguri Cemi samzareulo.

II SemTxveviTi arCevani

aseTi rame movifiqre, alalbedze

gadavSli wigns da sadac movxvdebi, im

kerZs gavakeTeb.

1. „didi wigni cxobisaTvis“ (gemrieli

namcxvrebi da piris Casatkbaruneblebi):

sulakauris gamomcemlobis mier

momzadebuli es wigni qarTul Targmans

warmoadgens, sarCevi sakmaod

sainteresoa da receptebTan erTad

sxvadasxva saxis informaciasac iZleva

comis nairsaxeobebisa Tu sxvadasxva

dResaswaulebis Sesaxeb, am wignSi

Tqven gaigebT, Tu ra unda uSveloT

mimwvar namcxvars an weliwadis romel

dros ra unda gamoacxoT.

aq 250 swrafi, martivi Tu rTuli

receptia, aqve mocemulia xilis sezonuri

kalendari, namcxvrebi sxvadasxva

dResaswaulisa Tu wveulebisaTvis,

puri, pica, sxvadasxvagvari funTuSa

Tu Rvezeli. TiToeul kerZs siswrafis,

siiafisa da simartivis done aqvs

aRniSnuli, rac damatebiTi komfortia

mzareulisaTvis.

saerTo jamSi, mSvenieri SenaZenia

kulinariiT dainteresebuli adamianisTvis.

maS ase, viReb wigns, viTvli samamde

da vSli _ 108-e gverdze 2 namcxvaria,

me gogris namcxvars vaniWeb upiratesobas

da patara bloknotSi viwer, Tu

ra produqtebi unda davabaro zazas

supermarketSi _ produqti savsebiT

advilad saSovnelia. namcxvarSi gansakuTrebiT

bevri sanelebelia _ koWa,

javzi, dariCini, mixaki _ vfiqrob, rom

aromatuli unda gamovides.

2. mxolod 5 ingredienti; gemrieli

kerZebi umokles droSi _ (gamomcemloba

`palitra L” ):

uxvad dasuraTebul am wignsac

ucxoeli avtori hyavs _ reiCel lei-

cxeli Sokoladi 97


ecenzia

ni. piradad me, gamixardeboda, avtoris

Sesaxebac Tu gavigebdi rames,

vfiqrob, kulinariuli wignis Targmnisas

misi avtoris Sesaxeb mcire

reziumes darTva, cudi ar iqneboda.

sirTulis mixedviT klasifikacia

am wignSicaa mocemuli, kerZebi sakmaod

mravalferovania. Tumca unda

aRiniSnos, rom ingredientebis simcire

sulac ar umartivebs saqmes

ojaxis biujets, piriqiTac ki. am

mxriv saqme rTuladaa, radgan zogierTi

ingredienti an sul ar iSoveba

Cvens maRaziebSi, an kidev Zalian

Zviria. saerTo jamSi, Taviseburi

wignia, Tumca, ara Cemi favoriti.

recepts rac Seexeba, am wignisTvis

gamonaklisi gavakeTe da samjer gadavSale,

radgan zRvis wyalmcenareebis

Tu zRvis eSmakis moZebna Cems

Zalebs aRemateboda. „aromatuli

qaTami Semwvari pomidvriT“ _ kidev

ramdenime produqti daemata sayidlebis

sias.

3. „ saojaxo samzareulo“ _ ( bakur

sulakauris gamomcemloba)

am wignis, romelic agreTve Targmans

warmoadgens, winasityvaobaSi

gvafrTxileben, rom „yvela recepti

Semowmebulia kulinariul laboratoriaSi,

rac gamoricxavs Secdomas

ucnobi kerZis momzadebis dros“.

diapazoni aqac farToa _ salaTebi

da sauzmeuli, ojaxuri sadilebi,

Tevzi, bostneuli, deserti da sasmelebi.

saintereso da saWiro receptebia,

Tan qarTul garemosTan morgebuli,

es iseTi wignia, romelsac

namdvilad kargad gamoiyenebT.

wigns vSli _ buraxis wvniani _

SemTxveviTobac aseTi mesmis, arasdros

gamomiyenebia buraxi wvnianeb-

Si, ludi, kidev xo. _ sayidlebis sia

isev izrdeba.

4. „argentinuli samzareulo“ _

msoflio kulinariis seriidan, gamomcemloba

„palitra L“:

wignebis am seriaze Seyvarebuli

var. vecdebi, rom TandaTanobiT yvela

davabinavo Cemi kulinariuli wignebis

Taroze.

98 cxeli Sokoladi

argentina da imigrantebis kultura,

RirsSesaniSnaobebi, geografia,

gastronomiuli regionebi, ZiriTadi

produqtebi, samzareulos WurWeli,

tradiciuli sasmelebi, gauCoebi, mates

Cai, Sokoladi da sxva... SesaniSnavi

midgomaa kulinariasTan, radgan

nebismieri kerZis kulturuli Taviseburebis

gareSe ganxilva Tu amoxsna,

igivea, rac poeti _ biografiis

gareSe.

am wignidan Cemi, brmad SerCeuli,

58-e gverdze moTavsebuli dRis

kerZia „giso karero _ Cakos provinciis

tipuri kerZi _ Zalian ioli da

xelmisawvdomi, mas samfexa klasikur

qvabSi amzadebdnen, romelsac glexebi

oTxTvalaze Camokidebuls atarebdnen“-

mcireodeni warmosaxva da

es frazebi uceb gagaCens argentinis

romelime sofelSi...

5. qarTuli samzareulo _ bakur sulakauris

gamomcemloba

isev mSobliuri, mSobliuri da

yvelaze kargad nacnobi 90 kerZi.

am wignis momzadebaSi gamomcemlobis

partniori M/group-is restornebis

qselia, xolo konsultanti _

am restornebis qselis mzareuli _

SoTa dvaliSvili, rac, rogorc winasityvaobaSi

gvpirdebian, agvacilebs

`kerZis momzadebisas daSvebul

Secdomebs“.

wignis „meniu“ tradiciulia: salaTebi,

Tevzeuli, civi da cxeli

kerZebi, wvniani, sousebi da mwnili,

comeuli da desertebi, _ SesaniSnavi

fotoebi kidev erTxel gaZlevs

saSualebas iamayo qarTuli kulinariis

saganZuriT.

am wignidan vamzadeb „kalmaxs broweulis

sousSi“ _ Cemi sayvareli

broweuli, Cems dRevandel, SemTxveviT

arCevans namdvilad ar vemduri.

III _ Sedegebi

cxovrebaSi pirvelad zustad mivyevi

receptebs, arc erTi grami

meti, arc erTi grami naklebi, dro,

ingredientebi _ vcade yvelaferi

receptis mixedviT gamekeTebina.

Sedegad, dedas vaxvedreb _ ugemrieles

kalmaxs broweuliT, sous-

Si broweulis garda, xaxvi, wiTeli

Rvino, limonis wveni, saxamebeli da

pilpili gamoviyene, ise, rogorc

wignma maswavla _ Zalian gemrieli

Tevzi gamovida, Tumca, sxva dros,

roca wigns aRar gamovcdi, vfiqrob,

rom cotaoden dariCinsac davumateb,

wesiT, pilpilsa da Rvinos unda

mouxdes.

buraxis wvniani _ cota ucnauri

kerZia, mdogvi da buraxi, Saqari da

marili saintereso miqss qmnis, saqonlis

xorcsa da kvercxs araJani

da kama (mTeli ori kona) acocxlebs.

kargi eqsperimentia, Tumca, ar vfiqrob,

rom Cemi xSiri da sayvareli

kerZebis aTeulSi Seviyvano.

„aromatuli qaTami Semwvari pomidvriT“

_ Cveulebrivi, standartulad

gemrieli kerZia, tradiciuli

menius moyvarulebs moewonebaT,

aromatuli Zmari da rehani _ sul

odnav xibls matebs pomidvrisa da

Semwvari qaTmis cnobil SeTanxmebas,

es kerZi bavSvebisTvis moamzadeT,

rogorc wesi, maT ar uyvarT kulinariuli

eqsperimentebi.

argentinuli kerZi Zalian noyieri

da mawieria _ xorci, barda, wiwaka,

lobio, gogra, kartofili, xaxvi,

stafilo _ es yvelaferi erT qvabSi,

saneleblebiT Sekmazuli da cxlad

morTmeuli _ WeSmariti gauCoebis

sadilia.

da bolos, dRevandeli dRis gvirgvini

_ gogris namcxvari _ saocrad

aromatuli da mSvenieri _ koWa, mixaki,

javzi, dariCini, dafquli nuSi,

gogris Tesli, forToxlis wveni,

gogra _ gemoebis mTeli Taigulia.

am namcxvars aucileblad gavakeTeb

kidev erTxel.

IV morali

zogjer mza receptebi sasurvelia,

zogjer saWiro da zogjer aucilebelic,

imis mixedviT, kviris romeli

dRea da ra axali ambiT iwyeba im

dRis sainformacio programebi.

V farda


ecenzia

ukanaskneli romantikosi

`SimSilis misamReri~

avtori Jan-mari gustav le klezio

gamomcemloba `agora~

1

frangi mwerali Jan-mari gustav

le klezio dRes ukve samocdaTormeti

wlisaa da ormocamde wignis

avtoria, magram rom ara 2008 wels

misTvis miniWebuli nobelis premia,

saeWvoa, mis saxels CvenSi vinmesTvis

rame eTqva. Tumca nobelis

premiamac ver uSvela iseT saxelebs,

rogorebicaa vislava Simborska,

dario fo, Joze saramago, imre

kertesi an Tundac doris lesingi...

_ Cvenma mkiTxvelma maTze Zalian

cota ram an, saerTod, araferi

icis. rogorc Cans, markesis Semdeg

sabolood warsuls Cabarda is dro,

roca nobelis komiteti, TiTqos

mxolod adasturebda, rom ama Tu

im mwerals SemTxveviT rodi gae-

Tqva saxeli mTel msoflioSi. asea

Tu isea, le klezio bednieri gamonaklisi

aRmoCnda. ramdenadac vici,

dRes ukve SegviZlia am mwerlis ori

wigni wavikiTxoT qarTulad. axla

swored mis bolo romanze unda vi-

100 cxeli Sokoladi

saubroT, romelsac `SimSilis misamReri~

hqvia da romelic qarTulad

ia bersenaZem Targmna.

2.

Zveli WeSmaritebaa: Tu ginda

mweralze ase Tu ise srulyofili

warmodgena Seiqmna, misi yvela

nawarmoebi unda waikiTxo. am bednierebas

yovelTvis moklebuli

viyaviT. CvenSi dRemde iSviaT gamonaklisad

rCeba imgvari Tanmimdevruloba,

rogoric Tavis droze

ivane maCabelma gamoiCina Seqspiris

Targmnisas, an iseTi, rogoriTac

vaxtang WeliZe miudga hemingueis

nawarmoebebis Targmnas.

le kleziom Tavisi pirveli romani

1963 wels gamoaqveyna; `SimSilis

misamReri~ misi jerjerobiT bolo,

meTvramete romania. gansxvavebiT

sxva Targmanebis umravlesobisgan,

romlebic dRes CvenSi elviseburi

siswrafiT gamodis da, romlebic

xSirad araprofesionalizmiTa da

ugemovnobiT gamoirCevian, qarTuli

`SimSilis misamReri~ namdvilad

xarisxiani namuSevaria, Tumca, ar

vici, Cvenma mTargmnelma maincdamainc

es teqsti ratom SearCia sa-

Targmnelad, radgan am wigns Seu-

Zlia Cveneburi inteleqtualebis

erTgvari msubuqi dabneuloba gamoiwvios.

oRond ara imitom, rom

`SimSilis misamReri~ joisis romanebiviT

gansakuTrebiT rTuli aRsaqmelia.

swored rom piriqiT.

3.

Sevecdebi ganvmarto, ras vgulisxmob.

nobelis premiis komitetma mis-

Tvis Cveuli lakoniurobiT le klezio

daaxasiaTa rogorc axali mimar-

Tulebebis Semqmneli, visi wignebic

gvitaceben poeturi TavgadasavlebiTa

da grZnobiTi eqstaziT; mwerali,

romelic adamianis arss ikvlevs

rogorc gabatonebuli civilizaciis

miRma, ise mis farglebSic.

es marTlac asea, magram ara `Sim-

Silis misamRerSi~.

Tu wigni ukve waikiTxeT, dame-

TanxmebiT, rom grZnobebs, romlebic

romanSia aRwerili, saerTo

araferi aqvT eqstazTan da, rasakvirvelia,

arc gasacodavebuli

ltolvilebis parizidan nicisken

gadaadgilebaa poeturi Tavgadasavali.

erTi sityviT, visac Jan-mari le

klezios `SimSilis misamReris~ garda

sxva nawarmoebi ar waukiTxavs,

advili SesaZlebelia frangi mwerali

axali mimarTulebebis Semqmnelad

ki ara, piriqiT, Tanamedrove

kulturuli situaciidan saerTod

`amovardnil~ erTgvar arqaistad

miiCnios da imedgacruebulma wigni

gverdiT gadados.

4.

davazustoT:

ara mgonia, damabnevel STabeWdilebas

is garemoeba tovebdes,

rom romani meore msoflio

omis wina periods da Tavad omis

epoqas aRwers. erTi rusi mwerlis

moswrebuli TqmiT, evropul

literaturasa da xelovnebas

ar SeuZlia isev da isev ar daubrundes

meore msoflio omsa da

holokosts, iseve rogorc, Tavis

droze ar SeeZlo kvlav da kvlav

ar dabruneboda troas oms. meore

msoflio omsac hyavs Tavisi

aqilevsebi, odisevsebi, eneasebi,

Tavisi briseida-kresidebi da

ugzo-ukvlod Caxocili usaxelo

falangebi. amitom Tua, rom miuxedavad

zRva literaturis arsebobisa,

es Tema dRemde ver amowura,

vTqvaT, iseTma seriozulma Tanamedrove

frangma mweralma, rogoricaa

patrik modiano.

es gasagebia.

ucnauri sxva rame Cans. `SimSilis

misamRerSi~ movlenebi patara

gogos TvaliTaa danaxuli da mis

gancdaSi gamotarebuli. aq aris


abuasa da SviliSvilis saTuTi

urTierTobac, aris patara gogonebis

Tavdaviwyebuli megobrobac,

sqesis gaRviZebac, siyvarulic;

mere TvalnaTliv dainaxavT da

igrZnobT mTeli am lamazi bavSvuri

samyaros gafermkrTalebisa da

sabolood gaqrobis guldasawyvet

suraTsac, ojaxis gakotrebas, ga-

Wirvebas, ltolvilebis svlas samxreTisken...

romanSi aravis klaven, ar ismis

tyviamfrqvevebis jeris xisti

tkaca-tkuci da bombdamSenebis

motorebis avismomaswavebeli zuzuni,

saerTod ver naxavT mZafri

vnebaTaRelviT Sepyrobil adamianebs,

maT gauwonasworebel qcevas,

Secdomebs, borgvas, konvulsiebs,

tragedias... magram ver SeigrZnobT

verc im specifikur, mxolod

XX saukunisTvis damaxasiaTebel

situacias, romelic totalurad

aucxoebs, vTqvaT, kamius persona-

Js an gulzidvamde mihyavs sartris

gmiri. arc formiT da arc SinaarsiT

mwerali TiTqos arc TviTon

cdilobs da arc Cven gvaiZulebs

aRwerili movlenebidan erTi mimarTulebis

daskvnebi gamovitanoT,

ganvazogadoT da Tanamedrove

msoflios erTmniSvnelovnad uimedo

mdgomareoba gavacnobieroT,

Tundac ise, rogorc amas qarTulad

ufro xSirad Targmnil miSel

uelbekis teqstebis kiTxvisas vake-

TebT.

erTi kritikosis TqmiT, romanis

kiTxvisas, etelis ojaxis bedi gvexmareba

istoriuli krizisis arsis

gaazrebaSi, xolo Tavad istoriul

kriziss saaSkaraoze gamoaqvs ojaxis

problemebi da aCqarebs mis dacemas.

es azri SeiZleba sxvagvaradac

gamoiTqvas: erTi ojaxis kerZo

istoria ar rCeba rogorc raRac

yuradRebis araRirsi, uintereso,

arafriT gamorCeuli ambavi.

mwerali TvalnaTliv gvaCvenebs

adamianTaTvis Cveul umweobasa da

windauxedaobas moaxloebuli katastrofis

wina dReebSi, bavSvobis

mSvidobiani cxovrebis efemerulobas

da sitkboebas; gangaSis gancdis

zrdasTan erTad sul ufro xel-

Sesaxebi xdeba drois warmavlobis

mwvave SegrZneba.

`SimSilis misamRerSi~ movlenebs

TiTqos daRlili, Camavali

mzis Suqi anaTebs. Txrobis manera

tradiciulia, naTeli, daxvewili

da es yvelaferi qarTuladac SesaniSnavad

JRers _ iseTi gancda

giCndebaT, TiTqos moulodnelad

didi xnis unaxav sayvarel qals SexvdiT...

5.

am grZnobas ver gagifermkrTalebT

is garemoeba, rom parizis

okupacia da viSis reJimis politika

naCvenebia ara, ase vTqvaT, tradiciulad,

anu moqmedebiT, aramed

marSal petenisa da misi kabinetis

mier miRebuli samarcxvino brZanebulebebis

dokumenturi sizustiT

citirebuli teqstebiT.

verc is, rom romanSi ar aris arc

siyvarulis eSmakoba, arc kacis

kvla, arc uimedo qalis oxvra, arc

amnezia, arc wyalSi gadavardna da

arc sxva ram masebis gulis mosafxani

iaffasiani xerxi;

rogorc ilia WavWavaZe ityoda,

amgvari ram aq ar aris.

ar aris arc alen rob-gries Tavis

droze friad novatoruli da

zustad aseTive xarisxiT gulis

SemaRonebeli Sozizmi; arc natali

sarotiseburi adamianuri grZnobebisa

da fsiqikuri reaqciebis

umciresi niuansebis dausrulebeli

da detaluri aRwerebi; arc

Jan JenesTvis damaxasiaTebeli da

frangi inteleqtualebis mier Tavis

droze didad naqebi uCveulo

uceremonioba da pilpili; arc

miSel uelbekis Seubralebloba

da mkrexeloba da arc frederik

begbederisTvis Cveuli skandaluroba.

didi xnis unaxav sayvarel adamianTan

Sexvedris sinanulnarev

tkbil gancdas araferi agimRvrevT

_ arc maskulturuli sisuleleebi

recenzia

da arc modernistuli siRrmeebi.

da Tu sakuTari gulisTvis yuris

dagdebis unari jer kidev ar dagikargavT,

aRmoaCenT, rom miuxedavad

amdeni drois gasvlisa, am qals

arc momxibvleloba daukargavs,

arc gracia, arc siRrme... da isev

gizidavT. magram...

magram dros mainc wauRia raRac

mniSvnelovani, raRac mouxelTebeli.

didi xnis gasvlis Semdeg ganaxlebuli

siyvaruli grilia. Tqven

veRar igrZnobT Tavdapirvel Tavdaviwyebas.

da bolos, Tavs veRar

daaRwevT saidanRac mosul aseT

azrs:

es yvelaferi marTlac kargia,

magram amgvar Temebze amgvarive

maneriT xom sul sxva epoqaSi dawerili

mravali kargi wigni wagvikiTxavs

da ufro meti kargi filmi

gvinaxavs?!

sakmarisia dRes es imisTvis, rom

frangebma cocxal klasikosad migiCnion,

xolo SvedeTis akademiam

nobelis premia moganiWos?

es kiTxvebi SeiZleba ritorikulad

da, albaT, uadgilodac

miiCnios man, vinc Tanamedrove

frangul mwerlobas mxolod

qarTuli TargmanebiT ar ecnoba,

magram eWvi maqvs, rom savsebiT

kanonzomieri iqneba im inteleqtualisTvis,

romelmac fukosa

da deridas saxelebiT keWnaobaSi

ukve sakmao ostatobas miaRwia,

magram visac Jan-mari le klezios

saxeli aqamde bevrs arafers eubneboda.

6.

frangul mwerlobas iseTi droc

axsovs, roca erTdroulad cxovrobdnen

da werdnen, erTi mxriv,

mopasani, emil zola da oqtav mirbo

da, meore mxriv, bodleri, malarme,

verleni da rembo. erTdroulad

iwereboda da qveyndeboda rogorc

naturalizmamde misuli realisturi

meTodiT Seqmnili Sedevrebi,

ise TiTqmis ezoTeruli simbolisturi

poeziis araCveulebrivi nimuSebi.

cxeli Sokoladi 101


ecenzia

realistursa da simbolistur

msoflaRqmebs Soris arsebuli Seurigebeli

winaaRmdegoba da, miuxedavad

amisa, maTi erTdrouli arseboba,

axla franguli literaturis

sidiadis xazgasasmelad da misTvis

morigi xotbis aRsavlenad ar gamixsenebia.

saqme is aris, rom am vi-

Tarebas SeiZleba sxva kuTxidanac

SevxedoT:

imis gasaazreblad, ratom ver

eguebodnen simbolistebi TavianT

Tanadroul sazogadoebas, ratom

zaravdaT ase Zlier e.w. masobrivi

obivatelis batonoba, mozeime

filisteroba da kmayofili da

agresiuli meSCanoba, ratom moi-

Txovdnen xelovanis `spilos Zvlis

koSkSi Caketvas~, erTi sityviT,

ratom iyvnen darwmunebulni, rom

xelovneba mxolod xelovnebisTvis

arsebobda, _ ai, yovelive amis asaxsnelad

ukeTesi saSualeba, vidre

imave mopasanis, zolasa da mirbos

kiTxvaa, Zneli warmosadgenia.

Tu gindaT gaigoT, sagangebod

ratom arTulebda simbolisti poeti

Stefan george Tavisi isedac

rTuli nawarmoebebis aRqmas, ratom

cdilobda misi wignebi masobriv

mkiTxvels ar Cavardnoda xel-

Si, oqtav mirbo unda waikiTxoT,

romelic ZiriTadad swored am `masobrivi

mkiTxvelis~ zne-Cveulebebs

aRwerda.

`SimSilis misamRerSi~ le klezioc

aRwers XX saukunis 30-iani

wlebis franguli burJuaziis zne-

Cveulebebs; romanSi sakmaod didi

adgili eTmoba e.w. salonur saubrebs,

romlebsac etelis mSoblebis

salonis mudmivi stumrebi mar-

Taven. amitom iqneb zemoxsenebuli

sqema amjeradac gamogveyenebina

anu iqneb am saubrebSi gamovlenili

mTeli es filisteruli uxamsoba,

Citirekioba, sixiste, Seuwynarebloba

da radikaluroba erTgvarad

imis asaxsnelad gamodges, ratomaa,

vTqvaT, miSel uelbeki aseTi

pesimisti da ratomaa misi romanebis

mTavari gmiri yovelTvis absoluturad

xelmocaruli, mudam

102 cxeli Sokoladi

daRvremili, raRac Taviseburad

nacrisferi tipi gamokveTilad

arajansaRi iumoris grZnobiT?

magram saamisod le klezios

aklia is, rac, vTqvaT, mirbos mki-

Txvels maSinve TvalSi xvdeba: mZafri

siZulvili kmayofili da agresiuli

meSCanobis mimarT.

etelis TvaliT danaxuli aleqsandre

erTi Tavqariani da, Ziri-

Tadad, amis gamo Seumdgari avantiuristia;

igi mTeli cxovreba

memkvidreobiT miRebuli qonebis

raRac saeWvo proeqtebsa da gabankrotebuli

sawarmoebis aqciebSi

CadebiT iyo dakavebuli, vidre

yvelaferi ar gaaniava. TviT

iseTi naZirlebic ki rogorebic

arian Smeni da klodios taloni,

TavianTi simdabliT axlosac ver

mivlen mopasanis an mirbos mier

daxatul burJuebTan. magram ara

imitom, rom le klezios ostatoba

aklia, ubralod, mas burJuaziis

mokrZalebuli xiblis gadmocema

ara aqvs miznad dasaxuli.

igi ar cdilobs cxovrebis `mar-

Tali~ suraTebi daxatos. Tavisi

msoflgancdiT mas SatobrianTan,

Jerar de nervalTan da Teofil

gotiesTan ufro meti aqvs saer-

To, vidre realistebTan. erTi

rusi mTargmnelis TqmiT, le klezio

ukanaskneli romantikosia.

swored es aris ucnauri da swored

aman SeiZleba Cveneburi inteleqtuali

daabnios, radgan...

7.

radgan man icis, rom filip solersis

legendaruli `tel kelis~

Semdeg Tanamedrove dasavluri

kulturis poststruqturalistur-postmodernistul-dekonstruqtuisturma

dinebam swored

franguli inteleqtualuri sivrcidan

aiRo saTave;

radgan Cveneburi inteleqtuali

mudam cdilobs romis papze ukeTesi

kaTolike gamoCndes;

radgan CvenSi uimedod moZvelebulad

iTvleba teqsti, naTargmni

Tu qarTulad dawerili, Tu masSi

ver ganiWvriteba interteqstualuroba,

kolaJis an nonseleqciis

principi, ormagi Tu dominanturi

kodi, mutopia, doksa, rizoma, epistema...

ar vici, acnobierebs Tu ara ia

bersenaZe, rom nebsiT Tu uneblieT,

mis mier Targmnil le klezios

`SimSilis misamRers~ SeuZlia

kargi gakveTili Cautaros gonier

adamians, raki es ukanaskneli naxavs,

rom arsebobs Tanamedrove

frangi mwerali, romelic sruliadac

ar wers ise, rogorc Cven

warmogvidgenia, rom XXI saukune-

Si unda werdes evropeli da Tan

frangi mwerali.

aseTi gakveTilis miRebis Semdeg,

albaT, imis gamokvlevac aRar iqneba

rTuli saqme, rom Tavis droze,

le klezio tols aravis udebda

eqsperimentatorobaSi;

rom 1963 wels JorJ perekis,

anri miSos, miSel biutoris, miSel

fukosa da Jil deliozis Tayvanismcemeli

ocdasami wlis mwerlis

mier gamoqveynebulma pirvelive

modernistulma romanma maSinve

miiRo Teofrast renodos premia

da gonkurebis premiis nominanti

gaxda;

rom 70-iani wlebis bolodan,

panamis indielebTan gatarebuli

oTxi wlis Semdeg, le klezio uars

ambobs novatorul Ziebebze da mis

SemoqmedebaSi umTavres adgils

ikavebs Tanamedrove civilizaciis

winaSe mdgari adamianis dramatuli

bedi;

rom moyolebuli 70-iani wlebidan

le klezio, saerTod, iSviaTad

imyofeba safrangeTSi da ZiriTadad

mesame samyaros qveynebSi cxovrobs;

rom rogorc romantikoss Seefereba,

le klezioc Tanamedrove

dasavluri civilizaciisa da momxmarebluri

sazogadoebis Tanmimdevruli

kritikosia. erTi mkvlevris

TqmiT, misi Semoqmedebis leitmotivad

SeiZleba miviCnioT idea imis

Sesaxeb, rom indieli da afrikuli

tomebis warmomadgenlebi ufro me


tad imsaxureben uflebas adamianebad

iwodebodnen, vidre feSenebeluri

megapolisebis mcxovreblebi.

`isini ukanaskneli Tavisufali

adamianebi arian, _ wers erTgan le

klezio, _ xolo Cven monebi varT,

es savsebiT cxadia. Cven monebis samyaroSi

monebis cxovrebiT vcxovrobT,

xolo panamis indielTa

tomma dRemde SeinarCuna Tavisufleba.

maT ician is, rac mxolod

Tavisufali adamianebisTvisaa xelmisawvdomi~;

rom erT Tavis iSviaT interviuSi

le klezio ambobs: `Cven aRar varT

iseTi gulubryviloebi, rogorebic

sartris epoqaSi viyaviT, da

aRar SegviZlia gvjerodes TiTqos

romans SeuZlia cxovreba Secvalos.

dRes mwerals mxolod Tavisi

politikuri uZlurebis konstatireba

SeuZlia. sartrs, kamius, dos

pasoss an steinbeks rom kiTxulobT,

xedavT, rom am mwerlebs swa-

ბიზნეს და საგადასახადო დავები

სამეწარმეო

კორპორაციული სამართალი

შრომის სამართალი

mdaT adamianis daniSnulebisa da

literaturis Zalauflebisa. Cven

es rwmena davkargeT. Tanamedrove

literatura _ uimedobis literaturaa~.

da, me mgoni, amis Semdeg aRarc

imis gacnobiereba gaWirdeba, rom

postmodernistuli mgrZnobiaroba

SeiZleba im formiTac vlindebodes,

rogorc es le klezios SemoqmedebaSi

vlindeba, da rom, am

TvalsazrisiT, sinamdvileSi, araviTari

CarCoebi da SezRudvebi ar

arsebobs, Tu Cven TviTon ar warmovidgenT

maT arsebobas.

8.

dabolos, kidev erTi ram.

le klezio saTofeze ar ekareba

parizis literaturuli klanebis

`saintereso~ cxovrebas, ar iZleva

interviuebs; verc mis wignebsa

da verc mis cxovrebaSi Tqven

ver dainaxavT da verc igrZnobT

ჩარგეიშვილის საადვოკატო დარბაზი

მისამართი: ვაჟა-ფშაველას 15ა ოფისი 28ა. ქ.თბილისი

ტელ: (+995 32) 237 93 00

ფოსტა: info@chargeishvili.ge

ვებ-გვერდი: http://www.chargeishvili.ge

სამოქალაქო სამართალი

სისხლის სამართალი

(ეკონომიკური დანაშაულები)

ადმინისტრაციული სამართალი

recenzia

veraviTar wrials, veraviTar epataJis

moxdenis survils, veravi-

Tar keklucobas an dabali gemovnebis

mkiTxvelis gulis mogebis

mcdelobas, rac, vTqvaT, zogjer

TvalSi geCxirebaT imave filip

solersis, frederik bregbederis

an Tundac miSel uelbekis wignebisa

da interviuebis kiTxvisas

da, rac sxva arafers isaxavs miznad,

Tu ara publikis yuradRebis

miqcevas. le klezios urCevnia

TavisTvis mSvidad icxovros,

weros imaze da ise, razec unda da

rogorc unda da Tavis wignebs Tavad

miandos gzis gakafva mkiTxvelis

gulisken.

Tqveni ar vici da me yvelaze metad

mainc is mikvirs, rom amis gamo

mis wignebs odnavadac ar gasWirvebiaT

mkiTxvelTa gulebisken mimavali

gzis migneba.

nugzar muzaSvili

cxeli Sokoladi 103


ecenzia

ieriqonis vardi

ramdenime dRis win gamomcemloba

`saunjem~ gamosca germaniaSi mcxovrebi

qarTveli avtoris, katia voltersis

romani `ieriqonis vardi~.

literaturis moyvarulebi tyuilad

nu daiwyebT imaze fiqrs, SegxvedriaT

Tu ara misi saxeli da gvari

perioduli presis furclebze,

radgan is debiutantia da sajarod

pirvelad unda wardges mkiTxvelis

winaSe.

am SinaarsiT saintereso da vizualurad

sada, daxvewili wignis

garekani poloneli da qarTveli dizainerebis

erToblivi namuSevaria.

garekanze gamosaxuli foto ki mogzaurobiTa

da fotografiiT gatacebul

cnobil ebrael bioqimikoss,

pol. k. laius ekuTvnis, romelmac

mis sanacvlod, simbolurad, wignis

erTi egzemplari iTxova. `ieriqonis

vardi~ sul male gamoCndeba wignis

maRaziebSi da didi imedi maqvs, qar-

Tveli mkiTxveli mas interesiT gaecnoba.

104 cxeli Sokoladi

`ieriqonis vardi~

avtori katia voltersi

gamomcemloba `saunje~

amboben, wignebs adamianebiviT

TavianTi bediswera dahyvebao. am

TvalsazrisiT arc `ieriqonis vardia~

gamonaklisi. misi dabadeba (gansakuTrebiT

qarTul enaze) dRemde

daujereblad miaCnia avtors. daaxloebiT

erTi wlis win, sruliad

moulodnelad, katiam romanis wera

Tavis myudro, Sua saukuneebSi daarsebul

patara germanul qalaqSi

daiwyo, oRond, rogorc Tavad ambobs,

`inglisurad da Zalian gaubedavad~

(profesiiT saerTaSoriso

samarTlis specialists, manamde

wignTan mxolod literaturis siyvaruli

akavSirebda). Semdeg TavisiT,

Zaldautaneblad ganviTarda siuJeti;

erTimeoris miyolebiT gaCndnen

gmirebi da rodesac teqstma metnaklebad

srulyofili saxe miiRo,

jer inglisel literaturaTmcodne

megobrebs gaugzavna wasakiTxad,

mere germaniaSi mcxovreb qarTvel

megobrebsac gaando. maqsimalistma

qarTvelebma mas saswrafod mosTxoves

romanis qarTulad Targmna. idea

avtorsac moewona da maleve daiwyo

muSaoba, magram aq kidev erTi ucnauroba

moxda: mSobliuri ena ise Tamamad

SeiWra TargmanSi, ise Secvala

calkeuli frazebi, dialogebi da

nawilobriv Sinaarsic, rom bolos

avtorma gadawyvita, wignisTvis damoukidebeli,

`qarTuli statusi~

mieniWebina. ase daibada ori `ieriqonis

vardi~ _ qarTul da inglisur

enebze.

dameTanxmebiT, Cvens droSi avtorisgan

did gambedaobas moiTxovs

literaturaSi `sasiyvarulo romaniT

Semobijeba~, radgan msgavsi Sinaarsis

nawarmoebis mimarT mkiTxveli

Tavidanve undoblad da ironiuladac

ki aris ganwyobili. Tumca, darwmunebuli

var, `ieriqonis vardis~

SemTxvevaSi sxvagvarad iqneba saqme.

pirvelive frazebis wakiTxvis Semdeg,

romanis erT-erTi personaJis

sityvebiT rom vTqvaT, `metis xilva

gwadia, metis Secnoba~ da rac ufro

Rrmad eflobi wignis SinaarsSi, miT

metad ixiblebi mwerlis mier cocxlad

daxatuli scenebiT da dajereba

giWirs, rom xelSi romelime

cnobili mwerlis ki ara, debiutanti

avtoris wigni giWiravs.

siuJeti umTavresad Tanamedrove

inglisSi viTardeba, ufro konkretulad

ki mis dedaqalaqsa da aRmosavleT

midlendis erT-erT `ferwerul~

sofelSi, ubralo fenidan

gamosuli, magram ukve warmatebuli

msaxiobis, `Tavgadakluli socialistis~,

eli belamisa da warCinebuli

gvaris warmomadgenlis, solene

darmond draqsis gansacdelebiT

savse, zogjer sasowarkveTamde misuli

siyvarulis fonze. Tumca gamijnurebuli

wyvilisTvis yvelaze

Znelad gadasalaxavi barieri saku-

Tari cxovrebis wessa da zneobriv

principebze uaris Tqmaa da ara

klasebs Soris jer kidev arsebuli

winaaRmdegobis daZleva, romelic

romanis sxva gmirebis erTmaneTTan

urTierTobaSi aSkarad igrZnoba. am

ukanasknel problemas ise zustad

da sworad xedavs yvelafer amisgan

erTi SexedviT Sors mdgomi ucxoeli

avtori, rom TviT ingliselTa

komplimentsac imsaxurebs. ai, ras

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redaqtori, scenaristi piter barnsi:

`am arcTu mcire moculobis romanSi

ucxoeli avtoris mier zedmiwevniT

sworadaa danaxuli dRevandeli

inglisi. avtori sent

egziuperis msgavsi lakonurobiTa

da dakvirvebulobiT axerxebs britanuli

sazogadoebis sxvadasxva

klasebis warmomadgenelTa saocrad

zust daxasiaTebas. is gasocari sizustiT

inarCunebs im gansxvavebul

kilos, metyvelebis stils, leqsikur

marags, romliTac britaneTSi

esoden gansxvavdebian erTmaneTisgan

sxvadasxva klasis warmomadgenlebi~.

guldasawyvetia, rom `gansxvaveba~

sametyvelo enaSi, romelzec batoni


arnsi saubrobs, qarTulSi mkveTrad

ver warmoCinda. Tumca am `xarvezs~

mSvenivrad avsebs dramond draqsis

jorjianuli stiliT nagebi ruxi

qvis sasaxlis, misi antikvaruli lampebiT

ganaTebuli oTaxebisa da egzotikuri

mcenareebiT savse ulamazesi

zamTris baRis, aseve ser riCard darlingtonis

saxasiaTo Cacmulobisa da

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naswavli~ personaJebis daxvewili manerebis

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momxiblav, Tumca TiTqos adgilze

gayinul atmosferos TavianTi koloritulobiT

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SeuZlebelia mkiTxvels mxedve-

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Sezavebuli iumori da musikaluri

gemovneba. mTel romans, SeiZleba

iTqvas, fonad gasdevs sworad Ser-

Ceuli, situaciis Sesaferisi klasikuri

musika; kulinariaSi kargad Caxeduli

avtoris damsaxurebaa wignSi

aRwerili madisaRmZvreli `gastronomiuli

suraTebic~: `sada, TeTr

faifurze mwvaned moxasxase salaTis

furclebze giSris mZivebiviT elavda

zeTisxili; mownul kalaTaSi Cafenili

qaTqaTa xelsaxocidan madis

aRmZvrelad iWvriteboda Tbili Cabata,

romlis gverdiTac Cems mzrunvel

maspinZels xeliT damtvreuli

oqrosferi parimijano miedga namceca

langriT~.

dabolos, minda yuradReba erT

ucnaurobazec gavamaxvilo, rome-

recenzia

lic zustad ar vici, avtoris damsaxureba

ufroa Tu romanSi moTxrobili

ambisa: es aris saocrad cxadi

SegrZneba vardis da siZvelis surnelisa,

romelSic sasiamovnod exvevi

nawarmoebis kiTxvisas; es aris SegrZneba,

romelsac literaturis moyvarulebs

aniWebda (an dRemde aniWebs)

inglisuri literaturis `pirveli

ledis~, jein ostinisa da debi bronteebis

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girCevT, aucileblad waikiTxoT

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maneriT, da, rac mTavaria, sul

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avtoris, katia voltersis saxeliTa

da gvariT.

ina arCuaSvili

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`mister samleris planeta~

sol belou

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gamomcemloba: `inteleqti~

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fasi: 10 lari

ebrauli warmomavlobis amerikel

mwerals, sol belous (1915-2005)

adreuli namuSevrebis gamoqveynebisTanave

XX saukunis udidesi romanisti

uwodes.

sol belous 1975 wels `pulitceris~,

xolo 1976 wels literaturis

dargSi nobelis premia

gadaeca. amasTan, igi erTaderTi

romanisti mweralia, romelmac

erovnuli premia samjer miiRo,

erT-erTi romanisTvis `mister samleris

planeta~.

jois kerol outsi werda: `mister

samleris planetis~ finali imdenad

Zlieria, rom gvibiZgebs dauyovnebliv

xelaxla mivubrundeT romans,

radgan kiTxvis procesSi SevicvaleT

da mxolod misi finalis gagebis

Semdeg vxvdebiT, rom wigni jer

kidev ar wagvikiTxavs~.

`dakarguli biWi da

sxva moTxrobebi~

Tomas vulfi

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fasi: 8 lari

cnobili amerikeli romanistis

Tomas vulfis Sedevri _ `dakarguli

biWi~ qarTulad pirvelad

106 cxeli Sokoladi

aTeuli wlebis win iTargmna, Semdeg

mas mohyva ramdenime mo-

Txroba, romlebic literaturul

periodikaSi daibeWda. krebulSi

Sesuli TxzulebaTa umetesoba

ki sagangebod am gamocemisTvisaa

Targmnili.

Tomas vulfi avtoria saqveynod

cnobili wignebisa _ `saxls moxede,

angelozo~, `droisa da mdinaris

ambavi~, `klde da ablabuda~,

`Sin veRar dabrundebi~. mis Semoqmedebas

sxvadasxva dros maRali

Sefaseba misces gamoCenilma mwerlebma

_ uiliam folknerma, jek

keruakma, rei bredberim da filip

rotma.

`Tu~

radiard kiplingi

gamomcemloba: `inteleqti~

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fasi: 3 lari

radiard kiplingis Sedevri `Tu~

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Targmanebic mohyva. `inteleqtis~

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konkursis Sedegad ki damatebiT

Tormeti Targmani SeirCa da mki-

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versias.

`napoleoni. erTi cxovrebis

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Jan tiulari

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gamomcemloba: `agora~

gamocemis weli: 2012

fasi: 10 lari

`iseT gegmebs momaweren, romlebic

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didxans imsjeleben imis gasarkvevad,

Cemi absoluturi Zalaufleba

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xasiaTidan gamomdinareobda Tu

gaTvlebis Sedegi iyo, Cemi dausrulebeli

omebi Cemi surviliT

warmoebda Tu dacvis saSualeba

iyo. am yvelafridan ki Seiqmneba

legenda, romelsac Cems cxovrebas

daarqmeven~.

napoleoni

frangebi amboben, napoleonze imdeni

wigni daiwera, ramdeni dRec

misi gardacvalebidan gavidao. moralur

da politikur mecniereba-

Ta akademiis wevrma, napoleonis sazogadoebis

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Jan tiularma ormoci weli Sealia

napoleonis biografiis kvlevas da

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gamocemis Semdeg, sazogadoebas

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scildeba ubralo biografiis Car-

Coebs.


პირველი ქართული ღვინის გზამკვლევი

უკვე იყიდება

“ლიტერატურული კაფეების” ქსელში:

“წიგნის სახლი” - პეკინის #31

“ლიტერატურული” - ბამბის რიგი #7

“ლიტერატურული” - აბაშიძის #22

“ლიტერატურული” - თარხნიშვილის #2

წიგნის მაღაზიებში:

“სანტა ესპერანსა” - სანკტ-პეტერბურგის #12

“ლიგამუსი” - ჭავჭავაძის გამზ. #32

“წიგნები ვაკეში” - ფალიაშვილის #66

“პროსპეროს ბუქსი” - რუსთაველის #34

“დიოგენე” - აფაქიძის #9

ღვინის მაღაზიებში:

“la Maison de vin” - შარდენის #18

“ვინოთეკა” - კოტე აფხაზის #33

“ღვინის სახლი”

• პეკინის #45

• ლესელიძის #55

“ხარება” - რუსთაველის #50

“ხოხბის ცრემლები” - სიღნაღი,

ნიკოლოზ ბარათაშვილის #18

“ღვინის სამყარო” - ლაღიძის #2

შატო მუხრანის ღვინის მაღაზია - მეიდანზე

სასტუმროებში:

“რჩეული”

• ბათუმი, ჟორდანიას #31

• სიღნაღი, აღმაშენებლის #6

• ქუთაისი, გრიგოლ ხანძთელის #21ბ

• თელავი, ჭავჭავაძის გამზ. #154

“შერატონი “

• თბილისი, თელავის #20

• ბათუმი, რუსთაველის #28

“სიტადინი” - თავისუფლების მოედანი #4

მაღაზიაში:

“შემოქმედებითი სტუდია ემელი” -

თუმანიანის #15

გალერეები:

წიგნის გალერეა, რუსთაველის #11

ცისფერი გალერეა, რუსთაველის #11

ეროვნული გალერეა, რუსთაველი #3

“საქართველოს ფოსტის” ჯიხურების ქსელში

დამატებითი ინფორმაციისათვის დაგვიკავშირდით:

ტელ: + 995 32 2471005

მედია ჰაუსი დეკომი


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ujredebis kidev erT wyaros _ axal-

Sobilis Wiplaris anu placentarul

sisxls. aRmoCnda, rom axalSobilis

Wiplaris sisxli mdidaria Rerovani

ujredebiT. garda amisa, am ujredebs

gamravlebisa da diferencirebul

ujredad garaqmnis didi potencialic

gaaCnia.

am aRmoCenam safuZveli Cauyara

sxvadsxva daavadebis mkurnalobis

axal mimarTulebas: eqimebma Wiplaris

sisxlis Rerovani ujredebis gamoyenebiT

daiwyes Tavisa da zurgis

tvinis dazianebebis, Saqriani diabetis,

cerebruli damblis mkurnaloba.

Tumca manamde saWiro gaxda, Seqmniliyo

iseTi dawesebulebebi, sadac

Wiplaris sisxlis Senaxva iqneboda

SesaZlebeli. Sedegad msoflios mraval

qveyanaSi, maT Soris, saqarTveloSi,

specialuri bankebi gaCnda.

arsebobs Wiplaris sisxlis orgvari

banki: sajaro da kerZo.

sajaro bankebSi mSoblebi Svilebis

Wiplaris sisxls usasyidlod

gascemen. Sedegad es sisxli bankis

sakuTreba xdeba da mas, saWiroebisamebr,

awvdian laboratoriebsa da,

klinikebs. sajaro bankebSi Senaxuli

Rerovani ujredebiT sargebloba

nebismier adamians SeuZlia, Tumca

didi problemaa jer Tanxvedri donoris

moZieba da Semdgom sakmaod

maRali Rirebuleba, rac dReisaTvis

15-50 aTasi evros farglebSi meryeobs.

Wiplaris sisxlis kerZo banki sajarosagan

imiT gansxvavdeba, rom mSoblebi

aq Svilebis Wiplaris sisxls

garkveuli gadasaxadis safasurad

inaxaven. Sesabamisad, aq Senaxuli Rerovani

ujredebi banks ar ekuTvnis

da maTi gamoyeneba mxolod donoris

ojaxis wevrebs SeuZliaT.

kerZo da sajaro bankebis Tvisebrivi

gansxvaveba maT Soris dapirispirebis

mizezic gaxda. sajaro

bankebi acxadeben, rom sadReiso

CvenebebiT kerZo bankSi Senaxuli

Wiplaris sisxlis gamoyenebis alba-

Toba aris 1:200. Tumca albaToba matulobs,

Tu gaviTvaliswinebT, rom

Wiplaris sisxli ara marto Tavad am

Cvils gamoadgeba momavalSi, aramed

mis dedmamiSvilsac,.

sajaro bankebi sadReisod metad

mniSvnelovania sisxlis simsivnuri

daavadebebis samkurnalod. amave

dros, aRdgeniT medicinaSi Seucvlelia

kerZo bankebSi Senaxuli axalSobilis

sakuTari Rerovani ujredebi.

Tu sadReisod regeneraciuli medicinis

warmatebebsa da eqsperimentuli

da klinikuri kvlevebis Sedegebsac

gaviTvaliswinebT, aRmoCndeba,

rom arc ise Soreul momavalSi, sul

10-15 weliwadSi SesaZlebeli iqneba

sakuTari Wiplaris sisxlis ujredebis

warmatebis gamoyeneba gulis

daavadebebis (mag. miokardiumis infarqtis,

gulis ukmarisobis, gulis

mankebis), arteriebis stenozis (Seviwroebis),

I tipis Saqriani diabetis,

iSemiuri insultis, Tavisa da zurgis

tvinis travmebis, neirodegeneraciuli

daavadebebis, mag. parkinsonis

daavadebis, alchaimeris daavadebis

dros, nerv-kunTovani daavadebebis

dros, mag. gverdiTi amiotrofuli

sklerozis, aseve gafantuli sklerozis

dros, RviZlis cirozis dros,

arTrozebis dros. ase, rom sul mcire

klientTa 70-80% mainc isargeblebs

momavalSi sakuTari Wiplaris

sisxlis Rerovani ujredebiT.

avtori levan kvirWiSvili

cxeli Sokoladi 111


promo

dedoba saCuqrad

`ah, Tqven baqodan rekavT? orsuladaa? Zalian kargi, gilocavT~, _ milocvis Semdeg vano mgalobliS-

vili pacients damatebiT daniSnulebas aZlevs, me ki vxvdebi, rom intervius dasawerad kargi dasawyi-

si maqvs. azerbaijaneli qalbatoni erT-erTia im asobiT pacientidan, romelsac male dedobis ocneba

Tbilisis `reproduqciuli medicinisa da uSvilobis centris~ daxmarebiT auxdeba. klinika 2001 wlidan

funqcionirebs da kavkasiis regionSi erT-erT wamyvan samedicino dawesebulebas warmoadgens. centrSi

Svilosnobis aRmdgeni unikaluri operaciebi keTdeba, pacientebs ki uSvilobis diagnostikis `oqros

standartad~ aRiarebuli meTodiT _ fertiloskopiiT mkurnaloben.

klinikis samedicino xelmZRvaneli, profesori vano mgalobliSvili da misi da eqimi-reproduqto-

logi manana mgalobliSvili eqimebis ojaxidan arian. 7 da-Zmidan yvela eqimia, es arCevani ki, albaT, ga-

rkveulwilad mamis, biZina mgalobliSvilis profesiamac ganapiroba. biZina mgalobliSvili afxazeTis

damsaxurebuli eqimi da mTavari fsiqiatri, medicinis mecnierebaTa kandidati iyo. saubars swored misi

pirovnebiT da ojaxis `samedicino istoriiT~ viwyebT.

112 cxeli Sokoladi


vano mgalobliSvili: Cvenma

mSoblebma Tbilisis samedicino

universiteti daasrules da e.w.

ganawilebiT soxumSi moxvdnen.

afxazeTSi swored im dros iwyeboda

fsiqiatriis ganviTareba,

mama fsiqiatriuli saavadmyofos

mTavar eqimad dainiSna da faqtobrivad,

safuZveli Cauyara fsiqiatrias

afxazeTSi. 20 wlidan am

Tanamdebobaze muSaobda da saintereso

is aris, rom miuxedavad

am nomenklaturuli Tanamdebobisa,

komunisturi partiis wevri

arasdros yofila. marTalia, amis

gamo problemebic hqonda, magram

Zalian principuli pirovneba iyo

da partiaSi mainc ar Sedioda.

mamam saqarTveloSi pirvelma gaxsna

nevrozebis ganyofileba da,

praqtikulad, pirveli nevrozologic

iyo.

manana mgalobliSvili: mama namdvili

inovatori iyo. im dros,

roca fsiqiatriuli klinika

yvelaze uaryofiT asociaciebs

iwvevda, roca sulierad avadmyofebs

loginze abamdnen da galia-

Si svamdnen, mamas ganyofilebaSi

absoluturad sxva situacia sufevda.

pacientebi Tavisuflad

gadaadgildebodnen, arc igrZnoboda,

rom es fsiqiatriuli klinika

iyo. saRamoobiT imarTeboda

cekvebi, kinos Cveneba, hqondaT

televizori, video... mamam danerga

musikaluri Terapiis kursic

da pacientebs am inovaciuri

meTodiT mkurnalobda. jer kidev

maSin hqonda videomonitoringis

sistema. mokled, es iyo

patara, gansxvavebuli qalaqi...

mere ki klinikaSi fsiqiatriuli

muzeumic daaarsa.

vano mgalobliSvili: mamam, romelic

Tavadac cnobili mecnieri

da 40-mde naSromis avtori iyo,

sxvadasxva eqsponatebi Seagrova:

cnobili qarTveli fsiqiatrebis

portretebi, maTi mniSvnelovani

naSromebi, pirveli mkurnalobis

meTodebi da xelsawyoebi da am

yvelafers Tavi erTad mouyara

da Seqmna unikaluri muzeumi,

romelic saqarTveloSi fsiqiatriis

ganviTarebas asaxavda.

maT, vinc afxazeTSi cxovrobda,

biZina mgalobliSvili axsovT,

rogorc patrioti, romelsac

udidesi avtoriteti hqonda...

manana mgalobliSvili: es adamiani

iyo Zalian Tavisufali

azrovnebis mqone pirovneba, absoluturad

gansxvavebulad uyurebda

yvelafers, SemoqmedebiTad.

werda leqsebs, iyo publicisti,

yvela mniSvnelovan movlenaze

aqveynebda sakuTar pozicias. ar

arsebobda raime movlena, rom mas

sakuTari Sexedulebebi ar daefiqsirebina,

sazogadoebrivad

aqtiuri iyo yovelTvis.

uyvarda yvelaferi gansxvavebuli,

gansakuTrebuli da amis

saukeTso magaliTi Cveni saxli

iyo, auzebiT, kalmaxebiT, oqros

TevzebiTa da dekoratiuli ixvebiT.

vano mgalobliSvili: mamas fotoebis

gadaReba itacebda da patara

saxelosnoc hqonda. afxa-

promo

zeTis omis dros mTel qalaqSi

wyali ar modioda, Cven ezoSi

wyaro gvqonda, romelic, sxva-

Ta Soris, omis dasrulebis Semdeg

ratomRac daSra. dRe-Ramis

nebismier dros soxumelebi am

wyarosTan iyridnen Tavs. mama

yvelas fotoebs uRebda da ambobda:

omi rom damTavrdeba, Tqveni

fotoebis gamofenas movawyob da

am wyaroSi wylis nacvlad Rvino

wamovao.

manana mgalobliSvili: xSirad

iqceoda ase: ambobda raRac warmoudgenelze,

unda gavakeToo.

xSirad mikvirda, amas rogor apirebs-meTqi,

magram rasac ityoda,

imas aucileblad asrulebda. darwmunebuli

var, rom im wyaroSi

SeZlebda wylis nacvlad Rvinis

gaSvebas.

didi marani gvqonda da omis

dros, roca dabombva iwyeboda,

mezoblebi iq imalebodnen, mama

ki Tavisuflad idga aivanze,

arasdros damalula da arc qalaqi

dautovebia. 23 seqtembers

velaparake bolos. Tqva, rom

tyviebi pirdapir ezoSi cviva

da praqtikulad frontis xazze

vcxovrobo. wesiT, unda meTqva

wamodi-meTqi, magram ver gavubede.

is amas Seuracxyofad miiRebda.

amis mere ukve kavSiri aRar

gvqonia. 27 seqtembers mokles.

aguZeraSi ucnobi qalebi miiyvana

gemTan manqaniT, meore gzaze

rom mibrunda, zustad maSin daxvrites.

mamis gavlena iyo Tqveni da Tqveni

da-Zmebis profesiuli arCevani?

yvelani eqimebi xarT...

vano mgalobliSvili: me sul

sxva gza mqonda arCeuli. swavla

Tbilisis samxatvro akademiaSi

unda gamegrZelebina. 5 Tve koba

gurulis saxelosnoSic vmuSaobdi,

Tumca zustad im periodSi

xarkovis samedicino institutis

reqtori gvestumra. batoni zadaroJni

mxatvrobiT iyo gatacebuli

da Tavadac bevri koleqcia

cxeli Sokoladi 113


promo

hqonda. Cemi naxatebis naxvis Semdeg

miTxra: xatva isedac ici,

niWic gaqvs da xate, magram eqimobas

swavla unda da CemTan unda

wamoxvideo. ase radikalurad

Seicvala Cemi bedi da movxvdi samedicinoze.

manana mgalobliSvili: mamis

mxridan zewola arasdros yofila.

me Tavidanve vfiqrobdi,

rom eqimi unda vyofiliyavi, es

Zalian bunebrivi iyo. Tanac, im

dros eqimis profesia didi popularobiT

sargeblobda. same-

114 cxeli Sokoladi

dicino fakultetze uzarmazari

konkursi imarTeboda da iq Cabareba

Zalian prestiJuli iyo.

reproduqciuli medicinis mimarTulebis

arCeva ram ganapiroba?

vano mgalobliSvili: ginekologiaSic

SemTxveviT movxvdi.

xarkovis samedicino institut-

Si akademikos griSenkos Sevxvdi.

swored misi gavleniT avirCie

mean-ginekologia. mere soxumSi

gavagrZele muSaoba da dasavleT

eqimebi da-Zma mgalobliSvilebi

saqarTveloSi pirveli eqoskopiis

aparati Camovitane. axla

eqoskopia Cveulebrivi ambavia,

1985 wels ki soxumis samSobiaro

saxlisTvis namdvili inovacia

iyo. amis Semdeg amerikelma eqimebma

ruseTSi pirveli invitro

ganayofierebis gakeTeba dagegmes.

es iyo moskovi-Cikagos proeqti,

samedicino centri ki soWSi

unda gaxsniliyo, sadac amerikelebis

miwveviT gavagrZele muSaoba.

am centrSi gaCndnen sabWoTa

kavSiris pirveli invitro bavSvebi,

romlebic axla ukve daojaxebulebic

ki arian. amasobaSi Cemi

Svilebic izrdebodnen. mindoda

qarTul garemoSi gazrdiliyvnen,

amitom gadavwyvite, 90-iani wlebis

sakmaod mZime periodSi saqar-

TveloSi davbrunebuliyavi.

manana mgalobliSvili: me vanos

erT-erTi moswavle var. Tbilis-

Si Zalian bevria eqimi, romelsac

es saqme vanom aswavla. faqtobrivad,

misi moswavleebis daxmarebiT

Seiqmna es klinikac.

vano mgalobliSvili: sxvaTa

Soris, manana mxolod moswavle

ar yofila, mas udidesi wvlili

miuZRvis am klinikis menejmentis

dagegmvasa da ganxorcielebaSi,

rac Zalian mniSvnelovani komponentia

klinikis warmatebisTvis.

Tqveni xelmZRvanelobiT saqarTveloSi

araerTi inovaciuri

samkurnalo-diagnostikuri meTodi

dainerga. maT Soris transvaginuri

eqoskopia, transvaginuri

sonosalpinografia, sakvercxis

kistis mkurnaloba operaciis gareSe,

saSvilosnosgare orsulobis

medikamentozuri mkurnaloba.

am meTodebis Sesaxeb pirveli samecniero

statiebi saerTaSoriso

gamocemebSi swored Tqveni avtorobiT

gamoqveynda. fertilosopiaze

minda gkiTxoT. es `oqros

standartad aRiarebuli meTodia,

romelic Tqvens klinikaSi dainerga.

raSi gamoixateba misi inovaciuroba?


vano mgalobliSvili: am meTodis

danergva pirvelad holandiasa

da belgiaSi daiwyo. ruseTSi

mxolod 2-3 welia rac fertiloskopiiT

muSaoben, britaneTSi

sul erTi aseTi centria, amerikaSi

ki _ ori. Cven, praqtikulad,

liderebi da pirvelebi varT aRmosavleT

evropaSi, sadac es me-

Todi 2002 wels SemovitaneT.

fertilosopia qalis reproduqciuli

organoebis gamokvlevis

endoskopiuri meTodia, romlis

drosac xdeba miniaturuli videokameriT

im organoebis da-

Tvaliereba, romlebSic orsulobisTvis

aucilebeli procesebi

mimdinareobs. am meTodiT Sesa-

Zlebelia uSvilobis gamomwvevi

iseTi mizezebis diagnostireba,

rac SeuZlebelia dRes arsebuli

romelime sxva meTodiT. diagnostikasTan

erTad Cvens klinikaSi

tardeba Svilosnobis aRmdgeni

unikaluri operaciebi, romelTa

Catarebac mxolod fertiloskopiiTaa

SesaZlebeli.

rogorc cnobilia, uSvilobis

gamomwvevi ZiriTadi mizezi

gaumtari milebia, romlis drosac

daorsulebis Sansi praqtikulad

nulis tolia, amitom am

diagnozis SemTxvevaSi, mimar-

Taven xelovnur ganayofierebas

sinjaraSi, romelic Tavis mxriv

dakavSirebulia mraval eTikur

problemasTan da amasTanave, sakmaod

ZviradRirebuli meTodia

da daorsulebis Sansi 40%-mdea.

amis gamo pacientebis umravlesobisTvis

es meTodi miuwvdomelia.

bolo erTi welia Cven

fertiloskopiiT unikaluri

operaciebis Catareba daviwyeT,

romlis drosac daxuruli milebis

gaxsnas vaxdenT. es operacia

msoflios mxolod or klinikaSi

tardeba: CvenTan da iaponiis iazakis

hospitalSi. Tanamedrove

reproduqtologiaSi es meTodi

ganixileba invitro ganayofierebis

alternativad, romlis

drosac xdeba bunebrivi Svilos-

nobis aRdgena da qals eZleva fiziologiuri

gziT daorsulebis

Sansi. Tanamedrove standartiT,

yvela qalma, visac uSviloba awuxebs,

rekomendirebulia gaikeTos

fertiloskopia. SesaZloa zogierTi

fiqrobs, rom yvelanairi

gamokvleva da mkurnaloba Caitara,

magram Tu ar Cautarebia fertiloskopia,

e.i. yvelaze mTavari

ar gaukeTebia.

ukve 11 welia es klinika qalebs

dedobis ocnebis axdenaSi exmareba...

ra SegrZnebaa, roca, erTi

mxriv, sicocxlis movlenas exmarebi,

meore mxriv, ki _ uimedod

darCenil wyvilebs?

manana mgalobliSvili: Cven imdenad

gvixaria pacientis daorsuleba,

rom is zogjer amas

Tavadac ver xvdeba. ukve tradiciad

gveqca, rom weliwadSi

erTxel vgrovdebiT Cveni pacientebiT,

bavSvebiT da wveulebas

vmarTavT. ukve 1500-ze meti bavSvi

gaCnda am klinikis wyalobT.

vano mgalobliSvili: CemTvis

yvela morigi SemTxveva didi sixarulia..

SegrZneba maqvs iseTi,

rogoric nebismier adamians, romelic

kargad gaakeTebs Tavis saqmes.

aq grZnob, rom RmerTma ar

dagtova da is gexmareba.

promo

biZina mgalobliSvili da misi meuRle, izolda

am dros karze kakunia. axalgazrda

gogona Semodis:

_ batono vano, bodiSs gixdiT,

kidev erTi orsuli gvyavs fertiloskopiis

mere, _ ambobs da

gadis.

`ra kargia!~ _ emociebs ver vmalav

me, vano mgalobliSvili ki

agrZelebs:

kargi ukve is aris, rom CemTan

modian is orsuli pacientebi,

romelTa amqveynad movlinebaSic

me vmonawileobdi. ukve meore Taobas

vamSobiareb da es marTla

sasixaruloa.

`12 weli arsad Canda imedis sxivi

da ai, uceb gamoCnda adamiani,

romelmac dasasruli mouZebna

Cems Cabnelebul gvirabs. batono

vano, Tqven ganmiaxleT cxovrebis

xalisi da maCuqeT 2 vaJkaci, goga

da lazare. me da bevr Cemnair

dedas mTeli cxovreba gagvyveba

Tqveni vali, kidev erTxel didi

madloba...~

wamosvlamde pacientebis wigns

gadavavle Tvali. es mxolod nawyvetia

dedebis Canawerebidan. aseTi uamravi

vnaxe: qarTul, azerbaijanul,

somxur, inglisur... ara, ufro sworad

dedobis enaze dawerili emociuri

sityvebi da STabeWdilebebi...

avtori nino berZeniSvili

cxeli Sokoladi 115


ecenzia: gamofena

ilaparakeT, mogonebebo

saSa WavWavaZis `asanTebis muzeumi~ literaturis muzeumSi

avtori daviT buxrikiZe

Tu literaturis muzeumSi pirvel ivni-

samde SeivliT, uCveulo gamofenas gadaa-

wydebiT. `asanTebis muzeumi~ _ ase ewode-

ba gamofenas, romelic CvenTvis jer kidev

ucnobi niu-iorkeli xelovanis, aleqsandra

(saSa) WavWavaZis ocdaxuT mozrdil

da ormocamde patara namuSevars warmoadgens.

miuxedavad imisa, rom mxatvris

winaprebi qarTuli warmoSobis arian, saSa

WavWavaZe saqarTveloSi arasodes yofila.

niu-iorkSi mcxovrebi 87 wlis qarTveli

emigranti-aristokratis, daviT WavWava-

Zis Svili pirvelad estumra Tbiliss da

sakuTari, friad originaluri `asanTebis

muzeumis~ namuSevrebi Camoitana.

`Cven yvelas gvergeba memkvidreobiT

erTi asanTis muzeumi. yvelas gvexeba omi.

Cemi asanTis muzeumi suraTebisgan da iatakze

monetebiviT mimobneuli realobis

naglejebisgan Sedgeba. vakvirdebi, am mo-

CvenebiTi qaosidan rogor warmoiqmneba

formebi, ikvreba kavSirebi.

awmyo da warsuli ucnaur adgilebSi

kveTen erTmaneTs. vzivar da vcdilob,

suraTebisken gza gavikvlio. bruklinSi,

keip-kodis Zveli saxli, sadac Cemi rusi

winaprebi ormocdaaTi wlis ganmavlobaSi

cxovrobdnen, axla me mekuTvnis. pirvelad

swored aq, meore sarTulze, saZi-

116 cxeli Sokoladi

nebelSi wavikiTxe nabokovis asanTobanas

TamaSis ambavi~, _ ambobs saSa WavWavaZe.

aTeuli wlis Semdeg gaiazra, rom asan-

Tis figurebis gadalageba misi winaprebis

bedis cvlas hgavda. Tavis droze rusi

aristokratebi keip-kodze bednierad mosaxle,

gaRaribebul emigrantebad iqcnen.

bruklinSi, da mogvianebiT keip-kodze

vladimer nabokovis rbilydiani gamocema

`ilaparakeT, mogonebebo~ misTvis inspiraciis

wyarod iqca. garekanze avtoris

fotoTi _ navTan axalgazrda kaci dgas

da sigarets eweva. es daaxloebiT is droa,

roca saSas bebia nina nabokovTan erTad

mdinare kemze seirnobda...

gardasuli artistul-aristokratiul

mogonebebi uSualod cocxldeba namu-

SevrebSi: asanTebisgan `agebuli~ saomari

velis gegma, ucnauri planSetebi, gayvi-

Tlebuli nawerebi, art-obieqtad qceuli,

aristokrati bebiis kabis naWeri, Tu

aseve, asanTebis RerebiT gawyobili grafikuli

naxatebi. saSa WavWavaZem muzeumis

daarsebis ideis gansaxorcieleblad mamis,

samxedro Tarjimanisa da centralur

sadazvervo samsaxuris agentis, daviT WavWavaZis

istoriebi da werilebi gamoiyena.

ideis ukeT gaazrebis mizniT ki gansxvavebuli

vizualuri formebi moiSvelia.

`asanTebis xatva daviwye, mogvianebiT ki

asanTis Rerebs qaRaldze vawebebdi, sxvadasxva

formebi da ornamentebi gamomyavda.

proeqti swrafad miiwevda win da meditaciuri

procesi CiTilebis dargvas hgavda.

mamaCemis asanTobana aRvadgine. amisTvis

`ohaio blus~ aalebadTavian asanTis Rerebs

vxatavdi, romlebsac Tavis droze mama

iyenebda. zogjer civi omis Sesaxeb wignebSi

mamaCemis saxels vawydebodi da sityva

`asanTis~ sxva mniSvnelobebs vpoulobdi.

asanTma cecxlis garda sxva datvirTvac

SeiZina _ simetriuli, winaaRmdegobrivi,

igive piradi urTierTobebis warmarTvis

instrumentis mniSvneloba. aseTma vizualizaciam,

civi omi da mamasTan Cemi damokidebuleba

sxvagvarad damanaxa~.

namuSevrebi, romlebic literaturis

muzeumSia gamofenili, daaxloebiT Svidi

wlis ganmavlobaSi iqmneboda. saSa

WavWavaZe meuRlesTan da or SvilTan er-

Tad niu- iorkSi, bruklinSi cxovrobs.

bruklinis Proteus Gowanus Interdisciplinary

Gallery-s damaarsebeli da direqtoria.

aswavlis xelovnebas bruklinis wminda

anas saxelobis skolaSi. dagegmilia misi

wignis gamocemac, romelic qarTul enaze

ukve iTargmna da misive namuSevrebiTaa

ilustrirebuli.


ecenzia: wigni

wertilebi da xazebi

givi margvelaSvili _ dabruneba drosa da sivrceSi xetialis Semdeg

avtori daviT buxrikiZe

`me wignis gmiri var. es imas niSna-

vs, rom martooden wignSi maqvs bina,

mxolod or ydas Soris varsebob namdvilad

da telefonis nomris magivrad,

gverdis nomeri gamaCnia. drodadro _

es xSirad ar xdeba, magram weliwadSi

ori-sami vizitis imedi maqvs _ romelime

realuri piri Camoxris xolme

Cemken Tavs. Cvenken-meTqi, mindoda me-

Tqva, radgan me xom marto ara var Cems

wignSi...~

es givi margvelaSvilis mTavari wignis,

`mucalis~ dasawyisia, romelic

sakmaod rTulad dasaZlevia. imdenad,

rom araTu literaturis moyvarulT,

filosofosebsac xSirad afrTxobs.

Tumca, did mweralTan goeTes institutSi

gamarTuli Sexvedris Semdeg,

romlis moderatoroba cnobilma mweralma,

publicistma da germanistma,

naira gelaSvilma ikisra, es sirTule

sadRac gaqra.

givi margvelaSvilis leqsebisa da

prozauli miniaturebis germanulqarTuli

nazavi ucnaurad poeturi

da moulodneli gamodga. mwerali Tavad

kiTxulobda germanulad teqstis

fragmentebs, xolo naira gelaSvili,

imave teqsts, qarTulad. goeTes ins-

118 cxeli Sokoladi

titutma margvelaSvilis wignebis

(proza, poezia, filosofia) mcire gamofenac

moawyo. romlebic germaniasa

da saqarTveloSia gamocemuli. pirdapir

rom vTqvaT, misi Semoqmedebis

Tayvanismcemlebi germaniaSi gacilebiT

bevrni arian, vidre saqarTveloSi

da es logikuria _ is xom mainc germanulenovani

qarTveli mweralia.

givi margvelaSvili 1927 wels berlinSi,

qarTvel emigrantTa ojaxSi

daibada. 1946 wlis TebervalSi sabWo-

Ta uSiSroebis samsaxurma igi mamasTan,

tite margvelaSvilTan erTad motyuebiT

aRmosavleT berlinSi Caiyvana.

erTad gatarebuli Ramis Semdeg, tite

margvelaSvili moskovSi gadaiyvanes,

sadac male daxvrites. misi vaJi ki 1947

wlis Semodgomamde sabWoTa banak `zaqsenhauzenSi~

imyofeboda, ris Semdegac

sabWoTa saqarTveloSi Camoiyvanes.

TbilisSi naTesavebTan cxovrobda. aq

iswavla qarTuli da rusuli, da Tbilisis

saxelmwifo universitetSi inglisuri

enis fakulteti daamTavra.

stalinis gardacvalebis Semdeg, roca

viTareba odnav `daTba~, ucxo enaTa

institutSi pedagogobis saSualeba

mieca.

gasuli saukunis 50-ian wlebSi givi

margvelaSvilma Tavisi yvelaze cnobili

romanis `kapitan vakuSis" wera

daiwyo. rodesac Tbiliss hainrix bioli

ewvia da `kapitan vakuSis~ pirveli

tomi waikiTxa, aRtacebulma, daxmareba

aRuTqva, magram uSiSroebis meTvalyureobis

gamo veraferi gaawyo. mogvianebiT

givi margvelaSvili daqorwinda.

swored misi meuRlis, naira gelaSvilis

mieraa, ZiriTadad, Targmnili misi

teqstebi, romlebsac mxolod bolo

oci wlis ganmavlobaSi eRirsa gamocema.

givi margvelaSvilma germaniis moqalaqeobis

miReba mxolod 1994 wels

SeZlo. misi dagvianebuli aRiareba misive

tragikuli biografiis nawilia.

evropul enebze gamoqveynda misi wignebi,

avtors mravali jildo gadasces.

margvelaSvili germanuli PEN-is wevria

(poetebi, eseistebi, novelistebi).

1992-1994 wlebSi germaniaSi gamoqveynda

margvelaSvilis mravaltomiani

romanis, `kapitani vakuSis~ ori

tomi (pirveli tomi qarTulad karlo

jorjanelma Targmna). agreTve, romanebi:

`mucali“ (qarTulad Targmna maia

badriZem), `didi koreqtura~, prozau


li krebulebi _ `gadaugdebeli xel-

TaTmani~, `sicocxle ontoteqstSi~.

givi margvelaSvili didi xania, aRiares

Tanamedroveobis erT-erT TvalsaCino

Semoqmedad, mis Sesaxeb gadai-

Res dokumenturi filmi germaniis

televiziaSi. miiwvies gersvaileris

`qalaqis mwerlad~ germaniaSi, xolo

mogvianebiT, leqciebis wasakiTxad

germaniisa da aSS-is universitetebSi.

1997 wels givi margvelaSvili airCies

Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis

sapatio doqtorad. 2006 wels mieniWa

germaniis goeTes medali.

...germanistebi amboben, rom misi ena

mTlianad agebulia sityvebis TamaSze.

Targmani ki sxva enaze interpretacias

Znelad emorCileba. givi margvelaSvilis

`mucali~, swored literaturas,

sityvas, wigns mieZRvna _ givi margvelaSvilma

Seqmna teqsti teqstSi,

oRond ara Cinuri zardaxSis principiT,

romelic ase moswonT postmodernistebs.

is sityvebiT axal realobas

qmnis... yoveli misi teqsti ukve arsebuli,

ganvlili da momavali literaturuli

saxeebis erTgvari `atraqcionia~.

Semoqmedeba _ misTvis isev

tanjvaa, isev tkivilia. amitomacaa mis

wignSi amdeni sevda da tragedia, Tumca

gasaTvaliswinebelia pirovnuli da

biografiuli motivebic.

`Cems sikvdils mxolod is personaJi

dastiris, romelic mklavs. misi dagvianebuli,

Tematuri sinanulis cremlebi

da sityvebi veraferi nugeSia.

Tu faqtebs daveyrdnobiT, isic unda

vaRiaroT, rom mkiTxveli Cem mimarT

sruliad gulgrilia...

83 wlis asakSic cdilobs, dro ar

dakargos, cdilobs, yvelaferi moaswros.

Sua saukuneebis cnobili

germaneli poetis, volfram fon eSenbaxis

msgavsad, romelmac eposi `parsifali~

dawera, givi margvelaSvilic

Tavis `parsifalze~ muSaobs, oRond

Taviseburad, modernistulad... `Sua

saukuneebis literaturas aRaravin

recenzia: wigni

kiTxulobs da amitom wignis persona-

JebisTvis rTuli da cudi dro dadga.

arada personaJebi xom maSin cocxldebian,

roca maT kiTxulob. da

raki aravin kiTxulobs, amitom isini

nel-nela kvdebian. vcdlob, wignis

gmirebi gadavarCino, literaturul

cxovrebas davubruno. Teoriulad

vereviT am abdaubdaSi, qaosSi da

vcdilobT qaosi cxovrebas davubrunoT~...

is samSobloSi dabrunda. didi xnis

ganSorebisa da xetialis Semdeg frangi

filosofosis, Jil deliozis sityvebs

imeorebs: `nu dasvamT wertilebs, sjobs

xazebi gaavloT!~ givi margvelaSvili

miiCnevs, rom gaqceva sazogadoebidan,

anu sakuTari Temidan _ swored

wertilis dasmaze uaris Tqma da saku-

Tari cxovrebis xazis gavlebaa. es aris

im sazogadoebidan gaqceva, romelsac

ar esmis mokluli qistis mimarT qeTelauris

mowiweba da sinanuli, romelsac

momxdaris gamo ganicdis.

cxeli Sokoladi 119


ecenzia: Teatri

naftalinSi Senaxuli panTeoni

avtori daviT buxrikiZe

qarTul TeatrebSi laSa buRa-

Zis piesebis naxvis Semdeg iseTi

STabeWdileba grCebaT, rom reJisorebs

maTi `autaneli simsubuqe~

ufro ainteresebT, vidre, ase

vTqvaT, `Tanamdevi, ukvdavi suli~.

arc gaemtyunebaT. daaxloebiT igive

principiT moqmedeben, rogorc

bedkruli da farmakologiuri serialebis

mwarmoebeli televiziebi

_ rac metia garTobis doza, miT

ufro iviwyebs publika, sinamdvileSi

ra surs.

piesa `panTeoni~, romelic laSa

buRaZem, albaT, `saxelovan sabWo-

Ta qarTul inteligencias~ natifad

naqsovi farsisa Tu parodiis

surviliT miuZRvna, TeatrebSi

ufro uxeSad gamoTlil grotesks

daemsgavsa. asea musikisa da dramis

TeatrSi, sadac piesa mixeil

TumaniSvilis mowafem, guranda

iaSvilma didi xnis Semoqmedebi-

Ti pauzis Semdeg dadga. gansxvavebuli

tonalobisaa `panTeoni~

axmetelis saxelobis TeatrSi,

romlis reJisoria dimitri xvTisiaSvili.

paralelur premierebs erTi

sabediswro ram _ piesasTan Janrobrivi

acdena aerTianebT. ar-

120 cxeli Sokoladi

cerTi ar hgavs imas, rac laSa

buRaZis teqstSi umTavresia _

parodireba droisa da sistemis

niSnebze. `panTeoni~ xom sabWo-

Ta inteligenciis navsayudelia,

miwisqveSa samefos mdinare stiqsi,

romelsac mxolod erTeulebi

Tu gadacuraven. reJisorebs meti

fantazia rom gamoeCinaT da piesaSi,

vTqvaT, bulgakovis an zoS-

Cenkos `mcire memkvidreoba~ an

paralelebi amoekiTxaT, gacilebiT

mets moigebdnen manZilSic da

ZalaSic (fizikis terminebi rom

moviSvelioT).

musikisa da dramis TeatrSi bu-

RaZis `panTeonis~ presisaTvis Cvenebas

kritikis iseTi qariSxali

mohyva, rom Znelia rame uaresi

Tqva, an moifiqro. kritikosebma

da Jurnalistebma ara mxolod

speqtakls gamoutanes `ganaCeni~,

aramed avtorsac, rac TavisTavad

Secdoma iyo. Tumca aTvlis wertils

gaaCnia. reJisori guranda

iaSvili ufro zedapirul, qoreografiulad

gamarTul sanaxaobas

da calkeul nomrebad `daSlil~

warmodgenas qmnis, vidre mTlian

da struqturulad gamarTul speqtakls.

is, rom mTawminda qarTuli inteligenciis

`sayovelTao sanaRvlebeli~

gaxda, didi xania, cnobilia.

am vnebas ayolili mTavari personaJebi

_ zeinab ungiaZe, momakvdavi

kompozitoris, konstantine ungia-

Zis meuRle (nino gomarTeli) da

vera anCabaZe, mecnier viqtor anCabaZis

meuRle (marina joxaZe) mTawmindis

`patara farTobisaTvis~

cxadia, Tavdauzogavad da groteskulobamde

misuli ZalisxmeviT

ibrZvian. da es gasagebi vnebaa _

vinc pirveli mokvdeba, mTawmindazec

is daikrZaleba.

nino gomarTeli ufro provinciul

da damcinav personaJs Tama-

Sobs, marina joxaZe ki xelovnur

dramatizmsa da Warb grotesks mimarTavs.

orive Taviseburad sainteresoa,

magram orive mcdeloba

mizans cdeba. SesaZloa es reJisoris

erTgvari sqematuri midgomi-

Tac aixsnas, romelsac moqmedeba

gasuli saukunis 80-iani wlebidan

Cvens droSi gadmoaqvs. fxizeli

mondomebis SemTxvevaSi, albaT, dagamaxsovrdebaT

cisia metrevelis

(eliso ungiaZe), tato CaxunaSvilis

(sandro ungiaZe), giorgi yvelaSvilis

(kulturis ministri nodar


muxiguli), ana zambaxiZis (Jurnalisti)...

vinZlo, arc anano mosiZis

mxatvroba da kostiumebi gamogr-

CebaT mxedvelobidan da arc qoreograf

kote furcelaZis xSiri

da scenur garemos arcTu zustad

morgebuli nomrebi.

rogorc ar unda CaveZioT `pan-

Teonis~ dadgmis fsiqologiur Tu

koniunqturul motivebs, mTavari

isaa, rom guranda iaSvilis reJisura

satelevizio esTetikiT gamoWril

groteskul Sous ufro

waagavs, gamokveTili aparteTi da

teqstidan amoglejili monologebiT,

vidre farss. Tumca sasaflaoze

Cumad misuli, Ramis fanrebiT

`SeiaraRebuli~ metoqe-qalbatonebis

tragikomikuri scena dasamaxsovrebelia.

teqstisadmi da piesaSi warmosaxuli

droisadmi erTguleba SeinarCunes

axmetelis TeatrSi, sadac

dimitri RvTisiaSvilma sabWoTa

epoqa-eposis surneli Semoitana. es

aris centraluri komitetis pirveli

mdivnebisa da scenis siRrmeSi

Camokidebuli leninis portretebiT

warmodgenili samyaro, sadac

mimarTva _ `amxanago~, kidev ufro

damcinavad JRers.

buRaZis sakmaod tevad da vrcel

remarkebs speqtaklSi Tavad reJisori

kiTxulobs, rac JamTaaRmwerelis

funqcias, an ukanaskneli

`sabWoTa inteligentis~ monologis

parodias hgavs. momakvdavi kompozitorisa

(mamuka mazavriSvili)

da mecnieris (vaJa ciciloSvili)

sawolebi aq scenis sapirispiro

mxarezea ganlagebuli. rac scenuri

sivrcis aTvisebisa da `paraleluri

montaJis~ saSualebas iZleva.

mTawminda realisturad, cnobili

qarTvelebis Sav-TeTri biustebiT,

fotoebiTa da saflavebiTaa warmodgenili

(mxatvari aivengo Weli-

Ze), romlis fonze gaumarTleblad

paTetikurad wakiTxuli monol